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THE UNITED PRESSMAN MISSION LIBRARY 
475 Riversid&^rlve, New York 27, N. Y. 






HLESBYTE'RT W HTSTO^TCAL SOCIETY 
425 't-^'MD STREET 

PHILADELPHIA, PA. 19147 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

LYRASIS Members and Sloan Foundation 



http://archive.org/details/churchat24pres 



THE CHURCH 



AT HOME AND ABROAD, 



PUBLISHED MONTHLY 



BY ORDER OF 

rHE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH 

IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 



Volume XXIV. 



PRESBYTERIAN BOARD OF PUBLICATION AND SABBATH-SCHOOL WORK, 

Witherspoon Building, 

PHILADELPHIA, PA. 



1898. 



THE UNITED PRESBYTERIAN MISSION LIBRARY 
475 Riverside Drive, New York 27, N. Y. 

INDEX TO VOLUME XXIV. 



PAGF. 

Africa, The Basel Missionary Society in 201 

Africa, Building a Church in 439 

Africa, Elder Adande 165 

Africa, Missionary Zeal in Uganda 199 

Africa, Mohammedanism in .... 308 

Africa, Moravians in Kaffirland 294 

Africa, Negro Problem in Liberia . 413 

Africa, Progress in the Transvaal 199 

Africa, Railway to Stanley Pool 97 

Africa, Sketch of San Juan, a Mabeya 324 

Africa, The Folk-lore of. 170 

Africa, The Gospel in 4 

Africa, The Rhenish Missionary in 200 

Africa, White Traders in 483 

African Customs, Strange 308 

African Woman and the Bible 248 

Alaska, Character of Native Christians . . . . . . 437 

Alaska, Locating Missions in 231 

Alaska, Mission Changes in 326 

Alaska, Need of Missionaries for 231 

Alaska, Presbyterian Church at Point Barrow 232 

Alaska, Prospecting on the Yukon 424 

Alaska, S. Hall Young in 423 

Alaska, Swineford's Book on 261 

Alaska, The Eskimos at Point Barrow . . .... 426 

Alaska, The Klingits of Old Tongas 169 

Alaska, Totem Pole of the Klingits 171 

Alliance of the Reformed Churches 467 

American Life, Influential Forces in 376 

Arizona, Girls in Tucson Mission School 444 

Armenian Woman's Beneficence 437 

Army Camps, Christian Work in 147 

Army, Christian Work in the 186 

Ashton, Mary 161 



Babism of Persia 

Baer, John Willis . . 

Barbary States, Missions in 

Bellevue College, Nebraska 

Beneficence of Congregational Churches .... 
Beneficence of Presbyterian Church, Summary of 



Benjamin, Simeon 

Better America, The 

Bible a Missionary Agency . . 
Bible for Lady Wu Ting Fang 
Bible, Need of Earnest Study. 
Bird, Rev. William . . . 

Boudinot, Elias 

Breckenridge, Dr. John . . . 
Buddhist's Salvation by Faith 



. 378 
. 160 
. 18 
. 223 
. 377 
.280, 
281, 374, 469 
.... 102 
.... 467 



160 

20 

49 

289 

203 

66 

375 

343 

296 

Caroline Islands 97 

Childs, Geo. W 67 

China, A Land Without a Sunday 170 



Caldwell, Rev. James . . . . 
Canada, Methodists of. . . . 
Carey, William, in Serampore 
Carleton, Rev. Marcus M . . 



China, Anti-foot-binding Movement .... 
China, Christian Endeavor Convention in . 
China, Church Born in Ningpo Hospital . 
China, Condition of Women in 



PAGE, 

. 208 

. 219 

. 436 

. 443 



China, Evangelist Dzing 481 

China, Methods of Self-support 259 

China, Missionary Progress in Seven Years 199 

China, New Outlook in 186 

China, Our Missionaries in Hainan 385 

China, Progress and Reform in 282 

China, The Anglo-Chinese College at Foochow . . . . 376 

China, Water-works for Shanghai 398 

China, Wei Hien, Spiritual Life at 17 

China, What She Needs 17 

Chinese Boy and the Golden Rule 161 

Chinese Century, or Cycle 169 

Chinese, Economy of the 453 

Chinese in the United States . . 68 

Chinese Learning to Think 98 

Chinese Mission in New York 342 

Chinese Woman's Confession of Christ 246 

Christian Endeavor Convention, Notes from the 257 

Christian Training Course, Commended 15 

Christian Training Course, Outline D, Fourth Year, 1898- 

1899 256 

Christian Training Course Programs :'>52, 451, 531 

Church at Home and Abroad, Report on 14 

Church and the Country 23$ 

Church and Missions 237 

Church Erection 35, 130, 220, 316, 410 

Church Erection, An American Cathedral 35 

Church Erection, An Important Decision 22) 

Church Erection, Appropriations from 1841-1898 316 

Church Erection, 1844-1898 36 

Church Erection, History and Work of the Board .... 471 

Church Erection, How a Church was Started 130 

Church Erection, Receipts for May, 1898 90 

Church Erection, Receipts for June, 1898 . . 178 

Church Erection, Receipts for July, 1898 275 

Church Erection, Receipts for August, 1898 365 

Church Erection, Receipts for September, 1893 46f> 

Church Erection, Receipts f)r October, 1898 541 

Church Erection, Typical Cases 410 

Church Extension, Need of . 282 

City,' The Twentieth Century « 261 

Clark, Rev. Seth Gold 7 

College, Criterion of a Good 282 

College Student, Evolution of a 261 

Colleges and Academies 43, 129, 223, 318, 405, 507 

Colleges and Academies, Action of the General Assembly 43- 

Colleges and Academies, Alma College 507 

Colleges and Academies, Brookfield College 129 

Colleges and Academies, Lewis Academy 405 

Colleges and Academies, Poynette Academy 31S 

Colleges and Academies, Receipts for May, 1898 .... 89 

Colleges and Academies, Receipts for June, 189S .... 178 

Colleges and Academies, Receipts for July, 1898 275 

Colleges and Academies, Receipts for August, 1898 . . . 365 

Colleges and Academies, Receipts for September, 1898 . . 460- 

iii 



^4-4-7 



IV 



INDEX. 



PAGE. 

Colleges and Academies, Receipts for October, 1898 ... 544 

Colleges, Value of Small 187 

Condit, IraM., D.D 202 

Cook, Rev. H. C 444, 515 

Cornwall, Missionary School at 301 

Cowles, Augustus W., D.D 104 

Crow Butte, Nebraska 139 

Cuba, Hope for 170 

Cuban Refugees, Help for 440 

Current Events and the Kingdom. ■ • 3, 97, 185, 279, 373, 467 

Davies, Samuel, Aid for His Education 286 

Dixon, John, D.D 328 

Duncan, Dr. S. W 487 

Durant, Henry F., Founder of Wellesley College .... 259 

Eddy, Dr. Mary, Graphic Pictures by 17 

Education 47, 135, 217, 414, 501 

Education : Are there too Many Ministers? 135 

Education, History and Work of the Board of 285, 345 

Education, Receipts for April, 1898 88 

Education, Receipts for May, 1898 ... 89 

Education, Receipts for June, 1898. 176 

Education, Receipts for July, 1898 268 

Education, Receipts for August, 1898 359 

Education, Receipts for September, 1898 457 

Education, Receipts for October, 1893 540 

Education, Seminary Libraries 414 

Education, The Board before the Assembly 47 

Eliot, John 56 

Elmira College 102 

Enthusiasm 327 

Fiji, Strange House of Worship in 164 

Foreigners in the United States 149 

Foreign Mission Letters : 

Africa, Angom 127 

Africa, Batanga 308 

Brazil, Bahia 126 

Brazil, Larengeiras . . 126 

China, Chefoo 214 

China, Chinanfu 496 

China, Hainan 124 

China, Peking 34 

India, Lahore 310 

Korea, Fusan 310 

Korea, Pyeng Yang 127, 309, 402, 496 

Laos, Praa 215 

Mexico, Guerrero 311 

Persia, Hamadan 125 

Syria, Abeih 402 

Syria, Beirut 214 

Foreign Mission Recei, ts for April, 1898 82 

Foreign Mission Receipts for May, 1898 87 

Foreign Mission Receipts for June, 1898 175 

Foreign Mission Receipts for July, 1898 267 

Foreign Mission Receipts for August, 1898 358 

Foreign Mission Receipts for September, 1893 456 

Foreign Mission Receipts for October, 1398 538 

Foreign Missions 17, 111, 199, 293, 385, 4^3 

Foreign Missions and National Policy . . , 373 

Foreign Missions and the Young People 161 

Foreign Missions, Our Foreign Politics 19 

Foreign Missions, Reflex Advantages of 121 

Foreign Missions, Relation of Home Church to 497 

Foreign Missions, Scope of the Board Ill 

Freedmen 45, 141, 229, 322, 412, 505 

Freedmen, Ferguson Academy 141 

Freedmen, Getting Rid of the Load , 229 



PAt,o. 

Freedmen, Ingleside Seminary . 412 

Freedmen, Oak Hill School 505 

Freedmen, Receipts for April, 1898 92 

Freedmen, Receipts for May, 1898 180 

Freedmen, Receipts for June, 1898 367 

Freedmen, Receipts for July, 1898 368 

Freedmen, Receipts for August, 1893 547 

Freedmen, Receipts for September, 1893 547 

Freedmen, Report to General Assembly 45 

Freedmen, Swift Memorial 143 

Freedmen, Synodical Contributions 230 

Freedmen, Why We Say No 322 

Gambling Prohibited in New Jersey 186 

General Assembly of 1893 10 

German Emperor in Palestine 373 

God's University 68 

Golak Nath, Rev 204 

Goldschmidt, Jenny Lind 246 

Gospel, A Highway for the . . . 3 

Gospel and the Kingdom 3 

Greek Catholic Patriarch, The New 493 

Ground Floors 263 

Hall, John, D.D., LL D .... 391, 421 

Hawaii, The Dawn of. 300 

Hawaii. Work of Missions in . 454 

" He Brung Me" 250 

Henry, Benjamin C., D.D .... 115 

Hero of the Stokehole 166 

Hewitt, J. D.,D.D 136 

Hilprecht, Herman V., Ph.D 259 

Hindu Aggressiveness 18 

Hindus, Changing Attitude of the 185 

Home Mission Appointments, .... 62, 156, 243, 339, 433, 528 
Home Mission Letters : 

Alaska 58,151,431 

Arizona 58, 151 

Arkansas 432, 525 

California 59, 152, 334, 335, 337 338, 524 

Colorado 59, 152, 24L, 337 

Florida 153 

Idaho 60, 153, 338, 432 

Indian Territory 430, 431 

Iowa 336, 337, 433, 525 

Kansas 59, 153, 338, 430 

Michigan 333, 522 

Minnesota 60, 336, 337, 523 

Missouri 153. 430 

Montana 60, 335, 338 

Nebraska 60, 335, 430 

Nevada 61 

New Mexico 523 

New York 431 

Oklahoma 154, 431 

Oregon 337, 338, 524 

Pennsylvania 243 

South Dakota 240, 335, 336, 522, 527 

Tennessee 4 ^ 2 

Texas 15 5 

Utah 61, 155, 241, 433, 527 

Washington 61,155,242,333,430,522,527 

Wisconsin 



Wyoming 



61, 430 
62 



Home Mission Problem I* 4 

Home Mission Receipts for May, 1898 81 

Home Mission Receipts for June, 1898 17* 

Home Mission Receipts for July, 1898 ■ • 264 



INDEX. 



PAGK 

Home Mission Receipts for August, 1898 . 356 

Home Mission Receipts for September, 189S 455 

Home Mission Receipts for October, 1898 53*3 

Home Mission Work in Souihern Illinois 187 

Home Missions 50, 144,^231, 325, 121, 515 

Home Missions, A Great and Varied Work 233 

Home Missions, At the General Assembly 50 

Home Missions, Conditions on the Field 236 

Home Missions in Iowa 188 

Home Missions, Patriotic Offerings 231 

Home Missions, Patriotic Offerings by Patriotic Presbyte- 
rians 50 

Home Missions, Progress in Debt Paying B20 

Home Missions, Questions for the Meeting 217 

Home Missions, The School Work of 233 

House of Worship, First in Cincinnati 187 

Huss, John 515 

Immigration, A Peril of 146 

India, Changing Attitude of the Hindus . 185 

India, Christianity and Lower Castes 452 

India, Conciliatory Measures of the Government. . . . 120 

India, Educational Work Appreciated 453 

India, Forman Christian College, Lahore 75 

India, Hindu Who Obeyed Christ's Command 247 

India, Industrial Work at Kolhapur 77 

India, Kolhapur Presbytery, New Church ....... 4 

India, Mohammedans in Ferozepore 5 

India, Outlook in Lahore 310 

India, Presbyterian Missions in 75 

India, Sacrifice of Our Missionaries 280 

India, The Brahmo-Somaj 18 

India, Towers of Silence in Bombay 170 

India, Visit to Serampore 342 

Indian Uprising 443 

Indian Work in Indian Territory 326 

Indians at Trans-Mississippi Exposition 279 

Indians, Christian 517 

Indians, Fourth of July Among the Nez Perces 235 

Indians, Quarter Century with the Sioux 375 

Indians, Their Music 351 

Indians, Work Among the Pimas 444 

Indifferent, Dealing.with the 450 

International Missionary Union 101, 111 

Iowa Congress of Missions 101 

Iowa, Home Missions in 188 

Japan, An Obstacle to Christian Work in 437 

Japan, Babies in Sunday-school 165 

Japan, Home Missions in 426 

Japan, Mr. Kenkichi Kataoka 279 

Japan, Religious Indifference in 453 

Japan, The Aino 170 

Japan, The Doshisha 200 

Japan, Without a Passport in 375 

Japanese and Civilization 171 

Japanese Boy's Prayer 245 

Japanese Politics, Christianity in 279 

Jews in Russia • 4 

Job, Book of, A Rhythmical Version 260 

Kellogg, S. H., D.D., LL.D 21 

Kennedy, Miss Rachel 298 

Kerr, John G.,M.D,LL.D 388 

Kingdom, Progress of the 185 

Klondike, From the Missionaries 55 

Klondike Presbyterian Church 56 

Korea, At the Pyeng Yang Hospital 306 



PAGE. 

Korea, Bible Study in 199 

Korea, Commercial Progress in 355 

Korea, Encouragement in 24, 309 

Korea, Evangelist Kim. , 482 

Korea, Every-day Life in 436 

Korea, Growth of the Church in 355 

Korea, Shamanism in 118 

Korea Mission, Mrs. Bird's Impressions 116 

Korea, Work for the Women of. 402 

Korea's Advance 3 

Korean Harvestfield 483 

Koreans, Mourning Customs of 72 

Labaree, Benjamin, D.D 297 

Laos, Porcupine Story 442 

Laos, Religion of the Natives 245 

Laos, Self-support in Chieng Mai Schools 23 

Letters to Missionaries 250 

McCormick, S. B., D.D 137 

Madagascar, Religious Zeal in 199 

Martin, Dr. W. A. P 484 

Medical Missions in Mohammedan Lands 294 

Medical Missions— What they Accomplish 304 

Meissonier, A Lesson from 160 

Merwin, Rev. A. M 114 

Methodist Missions 376 

311 

260 

248 

135 

136 

217 



Mexico, A Field in Guerrero . r 

Mexico, Senor Romero's Book on 

Micronesia, Liberality of a Native Church 

Ministers, Are There too Many ? 

Minister's Official Status 

Ministry, Unique Importance of 

Ministerial Relief 37, 132, 227, 320, 408, 512 

Ministerial Relief, A Cyclone Cave 512 

Ministerial Relief, At the General Assembly 37 

Ministerial Relief Closely Related to God 227 

Ministerial Relief, How Goes the Battle? 32) 

Ministerial Relief, Receipts for May, 1898 91 

Ministerial Relief, Receipts for June, 1898 179 

Ministerial Relief, Receipts for July, 1898 276 

Ministerial Relief, Receipts for August, 1898 367 

Ministerial Relief, Receipts for September, 1898 .... 461 

Ministerial Relief, Receipts for October, 1898 545 

Ministerial Relief, Studying for Effects 132 

Ministerial Relief, The Enchanted Cave 408 

Missionary Agency, The Bible a 188 

Missionary Crusades, Four Successive 190 

Missionary Educational Work 209 

Missionary Enthusiasm, Its Source 171 

Missionary Literature 163 

Missionary Literature, Home and Foreign 5 

Missionary Progress 375 

Missionary Reading Circle 164 

Missionary Tact 119 

Missionary View of the War with Spain 393 

Missionary Book-making 30 

Missionaries, Alliance Spirit Among 191 

Missionaries, Conference with New 113 

Missionaries, Heroic Stock and Temper of. 373 

Missionaries, Self-control and Poise of 245 

Mission Press at Beirut, Syria 27 

Missions and Statesmanship 185 

Missions, A Professorship of 375 

Missions, Civilizing Influences of 399 

Missions, Instruction in 375 

Missions of the Methodist Church 376 

Missions, Six Practical Suggestions 377 



VI 



INDEX. 



PAGE. 

Missions, The Church and 237 

Missions, The Pastor and 397 

Missions, Young People and 70, 443 

Mitchell, Dr. Arthur 397 

Mohammedanism in Africa 308 

Mohammedan Lands, Medical Missions in . 294 

Moravian Missionary Deficit 376 

Mormon Crisis, A 280 

Mormon Young People's Societies 441 

Mormon Question 327 

Mormons, New President of 422 

Mormons, The 329 

■Morocco, Slave Trade in 200 

Moslem Against Moslem, in Persia 125 

Mountaineers, The 519 

National Relief Commission 3 

Nebraska, Synod of 516 

Necrology 80, 172 

New Mexico, Presbyterian Missions in Santa Fe .... 423 

Nurse, How to Become a Trained 72 



Obookiah, Henry. ... 

" Old Scots " Church of Freehold, N. J. 
Oriental Missionaries 



300 



Pacific Ocean, Theatre of Events 373, 

Palestine, German Emperor in. . 

Patriotism of Race 

Persia, Converted Moslem Woman in 

Persia, Russian Influence in. . . . . 

Persia, The Babism of 

Philip, Captain, of the Texas 

Philippine Islands 

Philippines, Gospel for the 98, 294, 

Philippines, Resume of Facts About the 

Pilgrims' Three Homes 

Porto Rico .... 

Poynette Academy 

Prayer in Mission Work , 

Presbyterian Church in the United States, History of . . 

Presbyterian Endeavorers 74, 167, 254, 353. 

Presbyterian Esprit de Corps 

Presbyterian Women at Winona Lake ... ... 

Publication and Sabbath-school Work 

40, 138, 224, 313, 417, 

Publication and Sabbath-school Work, A Year's Retro- 
spect 

Publication and Sabbath-school Work, History and Work 
of the Board 

Publication and Sabbath-school Work, Glimpses of the 
Field of Work 

Publication and Sabbath -school Work, Progress of the 
Work 



189 

374 

373 

3 

246 

19 
378 
215 

99 
392 
489 
162 
327 
318 
247 
446 
444 
262 

12 

509 

40 

251 

313 

417 



Questions for Missionary Meeting. . 77, 169, 258, 351, 452, 530» 

Ramabai, Max Miiller's Testimony 453. 

Roman Catholic Missionaries and Civil Affairs 112 

Roman Catholic Power in America 427 

Russia, Jews in. , 4 

Russian Aggression in Eastern Churches 19 

Sabbath Observance in Portland, Ore 5 

Sabbath-school, Twentieth-century Movement 191 

177 
268 
359 
36a 
458 
541 



Publication and Sabbath-school Work, Summer Work by 
the Missionaries 



Sabbath-school Work, Receipts for May, 1898 . . . 
Sabbath-school Work, Receipts for June, 1898 .... 
Sabbath school Work, Receipts for July, 1898 . . . 
Sabbath-school Work, Receipts for August, 1898. . 
Sabbath-school Work, Receipts for September, 1898 
Sabbath-school Work, Receipts for October, 1898. . . 

Salt Lake Institute (> 

Sayce, Dr. A. H 259 

Schwartz, Christian Frederick 299 

Serious Work of the World 185 

Siam, A True Worshiper of the Unknown God 206 

Siam, Progress in 485 

Soudan, An Opening in the 98 

Soudan, The Future of the . . 279 

Spain, Christianity in 279 

Spain, War with 97 1 99 

Student Volunteers, First Band of 3(X> 

Synodical Problem 518 

Syria, Evolution of Presbytery of Tripoli . 381 

Syria, Graphic Pictures by Dr. Mary Eddy 17 

Syria, Missionary Convention 403 

Syria, Mission Press at Beirut 27 

Theological Seminaries, Characteristics of. 219 

Todd, Rev. A. C, Death of 5 

Twentieth-century Movement 191 

Vivekananda, A Beef-eater 187 

Wellesley College, Its Founder 259 

Westminster Assembly, Men of the 9 

Westminster Standards and Formation of Republic . . . 347 

White, Miss Cornelia 66 

Wight, Fannie E., Death of 22 

Wilson, Jonathan, D.D .202 

With the Magazines 80, 169, 258, 354, 453 

Woman's Opportunities . . 160 

World in a Nutshell 71 

Worth Reading 80, 171, 260, 355, 454. 536 

Young'People and Missionary Work 247 

Young People and Missions 70, 443 

Young People, Church and the 69 

Young People's Conventions, Programs for 78 

Young People's Department .... 65, 159, 245, 341, 435, 529 

Young People's Societies, Presbyterian 67 

Young People, Their Place in Church Work 438 



WRITERS. 



Allen, Lyman Whitney, D.D 237 

Beattie, Rev. Lee W 163 

Bishop, Mrs. Isabella Bird 11G 

Bracken, Rev. Theo 510 

Bromfield, Edward T., D.D 191 

Bruske, A. F., D.D 507 

Carter, Emma Smuller 250 

Ellinwood, F. F., D.D 189, 300, 393 

Ford, Harry P 250 



Freeman,' Rev. John H 23 

Frothingham, Rev. H. J 101 

Gunn, Rev. Thomas M 235 

Henry, Benjamin C, D.D 282 

Hill, Rev. John B 7 

Hillis, Mrs. N. D 70 

Holcomb, Mrs. Helen H 342 

Jacobs, Mrs. W. B 12 

Ketcham.Mrs. H. A 164 



INDEX. 



VII 



PAGE. 

Labaree, Benjamin, D.D 30, 378 

Lane, Saurin Eliott, D.D 56 

Ledwith, William L., D.D 262 

MacCauley, Rev. Hugh B 450 

Macintosh, John S., D.D 9 

McMillan, D. J., D.D 233 

Magill, Rev. Thomas 429 

Marsh, Rev. H. R., M.D 426 

Matthieson, Rev. Mathias 429 

Moore, Rev. T. F 482 

Myers, Harry C, A. M 129 

Nelson, W. S., D.D 381 

Paden, William M., D.D 441 



PAGE. 

Phraner, Mrs. Stanley K 101 

Powell, George May 263 

Roberts, William Henry, D.D. , LL.D 347,446 

Rollestone, Lavina M 249 

Sauber, F. J., D.D 506 

Shoemaker, Rev. J. E 481 

Smith, Henry Goodwin, D.D 532 

Walter, Mrs. Margaret D 439 

Wells, J. Hunter, M.D 24 

White, ErskineN., D.D 471 

Williams, Mrs. A. B 102 

Wynkook, Rev. D. M 428 

Young, Rev. S. Hall 55, 424 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Africa, Bule Men and Women 488 

Africa, Church and Schoolhouse at Corisco 158 

Africa, Dr. Bennett and Fang Boys 388 

Africa, Gaboon River Village 440 

Africa, Kapela and Cipenye 439 

Africa, Road Making in Gaboon 248 

Africa, " Uncle Adande " 165 

Africa, Village near Axim, Gold Coast 166 

Ashton, Mary 160 

Asheville Home School . . 520 

Alexander, Archibald, D.D 287 

Alexander, J. A., D.D 288 

Alexander, Samuel D., D.D 477 

Alma College 507 

Arab Sheik 483 

Atterbury, Rev. J. G 291 

Baer, John Willis 160 

Baker, George D., D.D 346 

Beaver, Chaplain, at Camp Alger 148 

Benjamin, Simeon 102 

Bennett, Dr. A. L., and Fang Boys 388 

Bird, Rev. William 20 

Boudinot, Elias 49 

Breckinridge, John, D.D .... 289 

Bristol, Pa., Presbyterian Church 480 

Brookfield College, Mo 129 

Caldwell, Rev. James . . 

Camp Alger, Y. M. C. A. Tent .... 

Carleton, Rev. M. M 

Cathedral, An American 

Chester, William, D.D 

Childs, George William 

Chile, Indian Women 

China, Hospital Wards at Wei Hien 

China, Lien Chow Boarding School 

China, Woman of Lien Chow 

Chinamen, Christian Americanized .... 

Clark, Rev. Seth Gold 

College Hall, A 

Colombia, Baranquilla Public Market 

Colombia, Medellin School 

Colonial Church 

Condit, Ira M., D.D 

Cowles, Augustus W., D.D. , LL.D 

Craven, E. R., D.D. , LL.D 

Crowe Butte, Nebraska 

Dillard.G. T..D.D 



2 

.... 147 

296 

. 35 

.... 290 

67 

....... 4S9 

305 

. . .201 

486 

.... 69 

8 

285 

372 

207 

471 

202 

103 

251 

139 

420 

Dixon, John, D.D 328 

Early English Parish Church 471 

East Hampton, L. I., Church 473 

Ellinwood, Frank F., D.D 476 



Elmira College 

Elmira College, Exterior Views .... 
Elmira College, from the Lake . . 

Elmira College, Interior Views 

Elmira College, Kappa Sigma Room . . 

Elmira College, Music Hall 

Elmira College, Observatory 

Elmira College, Phi Mu Room .... 

Elmira College, Students 

Fewsmith, Rev. Joseph 

Finney, Rev. Charles G 

First Presbyterian Church, New York. . 

Fisher, Alice 

Ford, Darius R., D.D 

Frontier Church ....'. 

Golak Nath, Rev . 

Hall, John, D.D., LL.D 

Harmony, Kansas, Presbyterian Cnurch 
Hastings, Gov., at Camp Alger . . . 

Hawaii, Dawn of Day 

Hawaii, Shores of Hilo Bay. . . . 

Hawaii, Street Scene in Honolulu .... 

Henry, Benj. C, D.D 

Hewitt, J. D., D D 

Hilprecht, Professor H. V 

Hingham, Mass., Church 

Hodge, Charles, D.D 

Hodge, Edward, D.D 

Hungerford Academy, Springville, Utah 
Hungerford Academy and Church . . . 

India, Benares 

India, Golden Temple, Umritzar . . 
India, Jumna Boys' High School . . . . 
India, Sumeree Temple, Benares. 
India, Woman's Hospital, Ambala . . . 

India, Women Grinding Meal 

Indian Territory, Dwight Mission . . . 
Ingleside Seminary, Burkeville, Va . . . 

Jones, Agnes Elizabeth 

Jordan, the River 

Juneau, Alaska, Church at 

Kellogg, S. H., D.D., LL.D ... 

Kerr, John G., M.D. , LL.D 

Kolhapur, Missionaries and Natives in . 

Korea, Buddhist Monks 

Korea, Gutter Shop in Seoul ..... 
Korea, Member of Official Class . . . . 

Korea, Royal Hospital, Seoul 

Korea, Seoul Girls' School 

Korea, Some of the Inhabitants 

Korea, The Hope of the Nation 



L36 



103 
104 

105 
108 
109 
106 
106 
109 
110 
477 
219 
474 

73 
105 
515 
204 
421 
419 
146 
386 
386 
387 
115 
, 406 
259 
473 
2D2 
345 
7 
331 
340 
434 
205 
393 
306 
485 
195 
413 

73 

26 
479 

21 



96 

437 
117 
436 
307 
208 
438 
438 



VjII 



INDEX. 



PAGE. 

Labaree, Benjamin, D.D 297 

Lewis Academy, Wichita, Kansas 405 

Lewis Academy, Pupils and Faculty 406 

Lewis, Col. Hiram M 407 

Log College, The 285 

MacKenzie, A. C.,D.D 107 

McCormick,S. B., D D 137 

McCormick Theological Seminary, Virginia Library . . 415 

Magee, David, D.D 478 

Marsh. Rev. H. R., M.D., and Mrs. Marsh 232 

Maryvile College, Y. M. C. A. Building 504 

Merwin, Rev. A. M 114 

Mexican House 429 

Mexican Man and Boy 487 

Miller, J. R., D.D 252 

Miller, Samuel, D.D 288 

Mills, Thornton A., D.D 291 

Mountain Home 521 

Mukden, Temple of God of Literature 119 

Naylor,J.M., Ph.D 407 

Negro Building, Atlanta Exposition .... 324 

New Guinea, Street in 112 

New Mexico, Typical Scene 427 

Ng' Poon Chew, Rev 68 

Nichols, Samuel J., D.D 475 

Nightingale, Florence 73 

Oklahoma, Liberty Schoolhouse at Jones City 511 

Oklahoma, Stroud Presbyterian Church 510 

Old Tennent Church 287 

Paden, William M., D.D 441 

Persian Dervish . 484 

Philadelphia, Arch Street, Second Presbyterian Church . 288 

Philippines, Convent on Luzon 29-5 

Philippines, Main Street, Manilla. 293 

Philippines, Map of . . 491 

Philippines, Spanish Church in Luzon . . 278 

Pilgrims' Departure from Delfshaven 163 

Poynette Academy, Wisconsin 318 

Poynette Academy, Boys Clearing Land 319 

Poynette Academy, Boys Plowing . . ... . 318 

Poynette Academy, Girls Cooking 319 

Princeton Theological Seminary 287 

Princeton Seminary Library 287 



PAGE. 

Radcliffe, Wallace, D.D 10 

Sabbath-school Building, Potawatomie, Okla 418 

Sabbath-school Children 198, 253 

Sabbath-school Institute, West Virginia 40 

Sabbath-school Missions, Chapel at Smithville, W. Va. . 184 

Sabbath-school Missions, Dubree Chapel, W. Va .... 192 

Sabbath-school Missions, Glen Cove Chapel, W. Va . . . 194 

Sabbath-school Missions, Paralia Church, Iowa 194 

Sabbath-school Missions, South Carolina 196, 197 

Sabbath-school Missions, Three Illustrations 193 

Salisbury Cathedral 472 

Salt Lake Institute 6 

Smithfield, Va 472 

Santa Fe, N. M., Presbyterian Buildings 423 

Sayce, Prof. A. H 259 

Schwartz, Christian Frederick 299 

Scrooby Church in 1890 162 

Seal of the Board of Education 345 

Seal of the Board of Publication and Sabbath- school 

Work 251 

Siam, Harriet House School, Bangkok ... 206 

Siamese Rest House, Pagoda an J Temple 23 

" Sister Dora" 73 

Snow, Lorenzo, and Family . 422 

Soo Hoo Uam Art, Rev 68 

Spanish Fork, Utah, Chapel and Parsonage 330 

Spew, Samuel T., D.D 476 

Speer, William, D.D 292 

Swift Memorial, Rogersville, Tenn 142 

Syrian Boys' School 25 

Tripoli, Syria 19 

Tripoli, Syria, Gate of 247 

" Uncle Tom" 65 

Van Rensselaer, Cortlandt, D.D 289 

West Virginia University . 502 

West Virginia University Experiment Station 501 

White, Miss Cornelia .... 66 

Wilson, Henry R., D.D 475 

Wilson, Jacob 346 

Wilson, Jonathan, D.D 203 

Wood, James D.D 29( > 

Wooster University, On the Killbuck. . . 64 

Worden, J. A., D.D 252 



THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY'S COMMITTEE, 

Witherspoon Building, Philadelphia, Pa. 

JOHN S. MACINTOSH, D.D., Chairman, 
Charles A. Dickey, D.D., John H. Dey, Esq., Secretary, Charles L. Thompson, D.D. 

Warner Van Norden, Esq., Stealy B. Rossiter, D.D., Frank F. Ellinwood, D.D., 
Hon. Robert N. Willson, Henry T. McEwen, D.D., William C. Roberts, D.D. 

Stephen W. Dana, D.D., 



EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENTS. 



Charles L. Thompson, D.D., 
F. F. Ellinwood, D.D., LL.D., 
Edward B. Hodge, D.D., 
Elijah R. Craven, D.D., LL.D , 



Erskine N. White, D.D., 
Benj. L. Agnew, D.D., 
Edward P. Cowan, D.D., 
E. C. Ray, D.D. 



[Each of these Editorial Correspondents is appointed by the Board of which he is a Secretary, and is responsible 
for what is found in the pages representing the work of that Board. See list of Officers and Agencies of the General 
Assembly on the last two pages of each number.] 



Contents. 



Current Events and the Kingdom, ... 3 

Editorial Notes, 4 

Salt Lake Institute (two illustrations), . . 6 
A Home Mission Enthusiast (with portrait of 

Rev. Seth Gold Clark), Rev . John B. Hill. 7 
Men of the Westminster Assembly, ... 9 
At the General Assembly (with portrait of 

Moderator Wallace Radcliffe, D D.), . 10 
Presbyterian Women at Winona Lake, Mrs. 

W.B.Jacobs 12 

Report on The Church at Home and 

Abroad, 14 

FOREIGN MISSIONS.— Notes (one illustra- 
tion), 17 

Rev. William Bird (with portrait), . .20 
Rev. S. H. Kellogg, D D., LL.D. (with por- 
trait), 21 

Death of Miss Fannie E. Wight, ... 22 
Self-support in the Chieng Mai Schools, Rev. 

John H. Freeman (one illustration), . 23 
Continued Encouragement in Northern Korea, 

J. Hunter Wells, M.D. (two illustrations), 24 
Concert of Prayer, Topic for July— A Speci- 
men Mission Press, 27 

Missionary Book Making, Benjamin Labaree, 
B.B., . . . . . . .30 

Letter from Rev. J. H. Whiting, Peking, . 34 
CHURCH ERECTION.— An American Ca- 

thedal (with illustration)— 1844-1898, . 35 
MINISTERIAL RELIEF.— The Board at the 
General Assembly, 37 

PUBLICATION AND SABBATH-SCHOOL 
WORK.— A Year's Retrospect (with illus- 
tration), 40 

COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES. — Action 
of the General Assembly, . . . .43 



FREEDMEN.— Extract from Dr. Spencer's 
Report, 45 

EDUCATION.— The Board Before the 
General Assembly— Elias Boudinot (with 
portrait), 47 

HOME MISSIONS.— A Patriotic Offering for 

Home Missions, 50 

Report of the Standing Committee on Home 

Missions, 50 

Notes, 53 

Latest from the Klondyke Missionaries. . 55 
Charter Members of the Klondyke Presbyte- 
rian Church, ...... 56 

John Eliot, Dr. Saurin Eliot Lane, . . 56 

Letters, 58 

Appointments, 62 

YOUNG PEOPLE'S CHRISTIAN ENDEA- 
VOR.— Notes (portraits of " Uncle Tom," 
Miss Cornelia White and George W. 
Childs)— The Chinese in the United States 
(portraits of Rev. SooHooNam Art, Rev. 
Ng' Poon Chew and Christian American- 
ized Chinamen)— God's University— The 
Church and the Young People— Our 
Young People and Missions, Mrs. N. D. 
Hillis— The World in a Nutshell— Mourn- 
ing Customs of the Koreans— The Syrian 
Church in India— How to Become a 
Trained Nurse (four portraits)— Presbyte- 
rian Endeavorers— Presbyterian Missions 
in India— Questions for the Missionary 
Meeting— Suggestive Programs— With the 

Magazines, 65-80 

Ministerial Necrology, 80 

Receipts of the Boards, .... 81-92 
Officers and Agencies, .... 93-94 









Rev. James Caldwell. 
Statue on the front wall of the Witherspoon Building, Philadelphia. 



THE CHURCH 

AT HOME AND ABROAD: 



JULY, 1898, 



CURRENT EVENTS AND THE KINGDOM. 



The Gospel and the Kingdom. — The 

purpose of this department of our magazine 
— " Current Events and the Kingdom" — is 
forcibly stated in a bit of wise counsel which 
Mr. Amos R. Wells gives to teachers in his 
" Sunday School Success :" Every session 
of Congress considers many matters of 
highest importance for the kingdom of God. 
Our great offices are filled with men of 
strong character, acting out upon a grand 
scale lives potent for good or evil. In the 
lands across the sea great events are occur- 
ring, each exhibiting some phase of godli- 
ness or sin. You will exalt the gospel 
mightily in the minds of your scholars if 
you can show them how its principles solve 
the problems of our government, and 
underlie all wise action of the nations of 
the world. 

A Highway for the Gospel. — Bulu- 
wayo, which was four years ago literally 
what its name signifies, " the place of kill- 
ing," is now linked by bands of steel with 
the civilization of older countries. The new 
railway, which may become a highway for 
the gospel, is one of the opportunities of the 
Church. 

National Relief Commission. — In re- 
sponse to the injunction, " Bear ye one 
another's burdens," and that fellow-citizens 
at home may lighten the burdens, relieve 
the pains and share some of the hardships 
of the two hundred thousand men of our 
army and navy exposed to perils on sea 
and land, this commission has come into 
existence. It is organized in the spirit and 
with the genera] purpose of the Christian 
and Sanitary Commissions which operated 
so effectively during the Civil War. While 
its primary object is to aid the government 



in caring for soldiers and marines who may 
be disabled by sickness or wounds, a second- 
ary and most important purpose is to aid 
chaplains and others in maintaining the moral 
tone of the men in the army and navy. 
The Commission will endeavor in every 
possible way to help these men with kindly, 
healthful and moral influences. 

Patriotism of Race. — " There is a 
patriotism of race as well as of country," 
writes Mr. Richard Olney in the Atlantic 
Monthly. Commenting on this felicitous 
and suggestive sentence, Mr. Herbert 
Welsh describes in an editorial paragraph 
in City and State the spirit of that effort 
for the betterment of mankind which the 
Church is making through its aggressive 
missionary agencies. He says: There is a 
broader significance in the apt phrase, 
which the genuinely intelligent of the earth 
are rapidly coming to recognize. There is 
a patriotism of race which includes not 
merely a single branch family, but the entire 
family of mankind, nobler and more benefi- 
cent than any Anglo-American fellow-feel- 
ing. Patriotism or love of country is 
good; patriotism of race is better; but 
patriotism that is world-wide and honestly 
regards every human being as a brother — 
that is best. Therein is the highest upreach 
and outreach. It is the only true patriotism. 

Korea's Advance. — In connection with 
Homer B. Hulbert's article on " The 
Enfranchisement of Korea," in the June 
North American Review, it is interesting to 
find in the current Korean Repository, an 
editorial note on Korea's new responsibility 
— self-government. Korea has gained 
during the last four years, says the writer, 
her independence, a new form of govern- 

3 



CURRENT EVENTS AND THE KINGDOM — EDITORIAL NOTES. 



[July, 



ment, and new life. The laws have been 
so codified that something like justice can 
be administered by officials who earnestly 
desire to do so. The finances of the coun- 
try have been reduced to something of a 
system. The solvency of the country has 
been demonstrated to the world. Business 
is increasing. Education has received a 
decided impetus. Young men are pursuing, 
with something bordering on enthusiasm, 
studies that give breadth and solidity to the 
student. There has been a remarkable 
change in the attitude of the people toward 
Christianity. Idols are given up, ancestral 
tablets are surrendered, Christian books are 
bought and read; churches and chapels are 
built; colporteurs and preachers, supported 
by the churches, are sent out to sell books 
and * ' teach the doctrine. ' ' 

The Jews in Russia. — It is reported 
that in a recent conference with a com- 
mittee of the Jewish Colonization Associa- 
tion, M. Pobiedonostzeff, procurator of the 
Holy Synod of Russia, disclaimed hostility 
to the Jews on religious grounds. They 
are an able people, said he, in substance. 
In school the Jewish pupil is diligent, while 
the Russian is lazy, inattentive and irregu- 
lar. In business the Jew is capable, ener- 
getic and industrious, while the Russian is 
somewhat frivolous. The Russian loves 
drink, whereas the Jew is always sober. 
For these reasons we fear them. If we 
were to let them progress without putting 
obstacles in the way they would push us 
out of everything and become our masters. 
From a Russian standpoint, we cannot 
permit anything of the kind. Hence have 



originated all our measures against the 
Jews. We persecute no one ; we only 
defend ourselves, and we must be careful 
to protect our interests while there is time. 
The Jewish Messenger finds in this policy a 
repetition of the methods of Pharaoh, and 
comments thus: " These are days of histor- 
ical whitewashing. Haman was justifiable; 
he only defended Persia. Torquemada 
was perfectly excusable; he only wished 
to protect the Church. Weyler was an 
angel ; he only desired to uphold the 
national dignity of Spain. And the Rus- 
sian government sees no other way to 
reward a sober, energetic, studious, indus- 
trious, thrifty body of its subjects than to 
set upon them the bloodhounds of persecu- 
tion under the mask of self-defense. But 
the Russian will improve in time, and with 
his full emancipation there will be civil and 
religious liberty in Russia for all creeds." 

The Gospel in Africa. — An act of 

touching liberality reported by Bishop 
Tucker illustrates the transforming power 
of the gospel in darkest Africa. Toro, a 
country bordering on Uganda, was a few 
years ago so completely devastated by the 
Soudanese that the inhabitants said they 
had " forgotten what the bleat of a goat 
was like;" and the country is even now 
poverty-stricken. And yet, when the 
Christians of Toro heard that the Baganda, 
owing to the mutiny, had not funds enough 
to pay their native Christian teachers, they 
made a collection " for the poor saints in 
Uganda, " and sent them an offering valued 
at £30. These are people who first heard 
of Christianity only four years ago. 



Through the courtesy of the Michigan 
Presbyterian, the face of Moderator Rad- 
cliffe appears on p. 10. 

Dr. Rosetta S. Hall, of Seoul, Korea, 
gratefully acknowledges generous gifts from 
Presbyterian missionaries toward the build- 
ing of the first Methodist Episcopal church 
erected in that city. 

The Rev. W. C. Gault writes from Big 
Batanga, West Africa, announcing the 
marriage, April 14, 1898, of Mr. Peter 
Menkel and Miss Louise A. Babe, both 
members of the Gaboon and Corisco Mis- 
sion. Mr. Menkel, who is captain of the 
mission vessel, Nassau, is a practical 



mechanic, and devotes much of his time 
to the building and repairing of mission 
houses and churches. Mrs. Menkel joined 
the mission in 1892, and has recently 
returned to her work after a furlough. 

Presbyterian missionaries who wish to 
visit Chautauqua the coming season are 
invited to occupy rooms, free of expense, in 
the cottage connected with the Presbyterian 
House at Chautauqua, for two weeks in 
July or August. 

A letter from the Rev. Shivaram 
Masoji, stated clerk of the Presbytery of 
Kolhapur, and pastor of our church in the 
city of Kolhapur, announces the organiza- 



1898.] 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



tion of a new church at Wadgaum. In 
behalf of the seven churches of Kolhapur 
Presbytery, Mr. Masoji earnestly requests 
the prayers of the American churches. 

The Indian Witness assures us that when 
missionaries and real Christians apply the 
epithet " heathen" to the Hindus, the term 
is used compassionately, not contemptuously. 
Nevertheless, since its use in India may 
be an offense to some, it would be gracious 
and wise to drop it; and perhaps the term 
" non- Christian " is as comprehensive and 
inoffensive as any that could be substituted. 

" We are bereaved by the loss of one of 
our best men, ' ' writes Dr. S. E. Wishard, 
announcing the death, at the age of seventy- 
two, of the Rev. Andrew Calvin Todd, of 
Springville, Utah. Dr. Wishard testifies 
that he was a man ot great courage, a wise 
pastor, a preacher of great ability, who 
lived as he preached and preached as he 
lived. His mind was clear, strong, logi- 
cal, and was moved by a warm heart, full 
of faith and noble endeavor. 



What we now need, says Elder Thomas 
McDougall, is not less faith, less certainty, 
less confidence; we need more faith, more 
confidence in the doctrines revealed in the 
Word of God and set forth in the Stand- 
ards of our Church. At this hour we need 
men like Paul, Calvin, Knox and Living- 
stone. To have such characters we need a 
revival of the faith set forth in these Stand- 
ards, and a firm adherence and unswerv- 
ing fidelity to its fundamental doctrines. 

A pointed reply to a question about the 
comparative merits of home and foreign 
missionary literature, given at a recent 
convention, is thus reported in the Mission 
Field : We should read the whole story. It 
is very much as if a mother received two 
letters from two daughters, one far away in 
China and the other way out in Nebraska. 
The first is wonderfully interesting, telling 
of the climate, the unfamiliar scenes, the 
strange people and their peculiar customs 
and of the good work that is being done. 
The mother reads these letters aloud to her 
friends and neighbors, that they may enjoy 
with her the thrilling tale. The letter from 
Nebraska tells a very commonplace story of 
a little home in the midst of the prairie, a 
new church just beginning, and the new 



schoolhouse close by. It tells of the Sun- 
day-school, the drouth, the threatened 
harvest, and the anxieties of new people. 
It tells of new industries and renewed hope. 
It tells of little kindnesses to the children, 
of loving care for the sick, and of good 
cheer for the lonely. A very simple tale 
indeed, but the warm mother-heart can read 
between the lines the story of patient 
service and of heroic self-sacrifice. The 
letter from China and the letter from Ne- 
braska will both be read and reread with 
tear-dimmed eyes, and for both distant 
daughters will a mother's prayer ascend 
that the dear Lord will hold them in his 
loving care. So should it be with the 
mother Church. 



The question of the observance of the 
Lord's Day has been a live issue in Portland 
recently, as we learn from The Occident. 
The " Woman's Emergency Corps" pro- 
posed to give, on May 8, a Sunday after- 
noon concert, to raise money for the Oregon 
volunteer soldiers at Camp McKinley. A 
number of patriotic Christian women, en- 
thusiastic members of the organization, 
promptly and earnestly protested, but in 
vain, against such a needless use of the 
Lord's day to raise money. They then 
repudiated all share in the Sunday concert 
movement, and united in a pledge to raise 
one hundred dollars, the sum desired for 
each company, by Saturday evening, May 
7, which they successfully accomplished 
with a considerable surplus. 



The Rev. E. D. Martin, of Lahore, India, 
writes of great excitement among the Mo- 
hammedans in Ferozepore. A girl in a 
prominent family, once a pupil of Mrs. 
Foreman, in Lahore, having received suc- 
cessful treatment in Miss Newton's hospital, 
went home to her friends. But she recently 
returned to the hospital, declaring that she 
was determined to be a Christian. She is 
of age, and her people were allowed to see 
her. Every inducement was used to per- 
suade her to go back with them, but she 
was firm in her decision. The excitement 
was intense, and Dr. Newton's life has really 
been in danger. The deputy commissioner 
at Ferozepore declared before the excited 
crowd that he was neither a Christian nor 
a Mussulman, but would see that justice was 
done. 



SALT LAKE INSTITUTE. 



[July, 



SALT LAKE INSTITUTE. 



In the article in our issue for May on 
Sheldon Jackson College mention was 
made of Salt Lake Institute, which has 
offered room for the freshman class of the 
college, and which, it is expected, will one 
day become a department of the college. 

In addition to this well-known, useful in- 
stitute doing its high order of work, we 
have Hungerford Academy at Springville, 
with an enrollment of 110; Wasatch 
Academy, at Mt. Pleasant, with ninety-five 
enrolled, and New Jersey Academy, at 
Logan, with 130 in attendance. These 
academies are supplemented by mission 
schools at various points. The academies 
are favorably located apart from each other 
in centres of population. The quality of 
their buildings and the excellency of their 
teachers have won for their work the favor 
of many Mormons in spite of their priest- 
hood. It should be remembered that in 
addition to the control which Mormons have 
of higher education in the State Normal 



School, Agricultural College and University, 
they have their own Church schools in 
which Mormonism is the most prominent 
subject taught from the beginning to the 
end of the course, and that they have in 
training in these schools something like two 
thousand American youth. In the presence 
of the training of this large number of 
youth in Mormon principles, can the patri- 
otic and Christian people of our country 
abate one jot or tittle of the quality or the 
amount of the Christian education offered ? 
What is accomplished in our academies and 
mission schools, it will be seen, adds to the 
considerations in favor of the college. 
Where is there greater need or a better 
scheme for Christian education ? How 
wisely our pioneers in this field have 
planned! What a rich harvest has already 
been gathered! — gathered out of Mormon 
communities and often out of Mormon 
families. How mauy thousands touched by 
Christian influences in these schools are now 




Salt Lake Institute. 



1898.] 



A HOME -MISSION ENTHUSIAST. 




Hungerford Academy, Springville, Utah. 



maintaining Christian homes and are Chris- 
tian citizens, bearing aloft the banner of 
patriotism and Christianity, while among 
the special results we count two of our 
efficient ministers and another about to 
graduate at Auburn ; Christian professors in 
colleges and others as Christian teachers 



actively extending the influences needful to 
the perpetuity of our free institutions. 

It should not be forgotten that all this 
educational work, so well directed and so 
full of consequences, has been under the 
direction of our Woman's Board of Home 
Missions. 



A HOME-MISSION ENTHUSIAST. 



REV. JOHN B. HILL. 



The Rev. Seth Gold Clark, who died at 
his home in Appleton City, Mo., on 
Friday, April 22, 1898, was one of the 
most enthusiastic and indefatigable home 
mission pioneers in the central West. For 
over fifty years incessantly active in the 
work he loved, he was one of the best 
examples of a missionary type now fast 
disappearing. 

He was born in Delaware county, N. Y., 
August 13, 1817, and, after a boyhood 
spent on farms in New York and Ohio, 
graduated at Western Reserve College in 
1843 and Western Reserve Seminary in 
1846. He was licensed by the Presbytery 
of Cleveland, October 7, 1845, and began 
at once supplying three little mission 
churches in Ohio. From there he went to 
Bainbridge, O., where he was ordained in 
May, 1847, and remained two years. 
During his next pastorate, at Aurora, O., 
his health failed. Then followed eleven 
years' service as district secretary of the A. 
B. C. F. M., and three as chaplain of the 10th 



Ohio Vounteer Cavalry, from 1862 to 1865. 
Ten days before Atlanta was taken, he was 
captured, but was soon released as a non- 
combatant. The twenty days' furlough he 
was then given to visit his family he 
" spent in helping reelect Lincoln." The 
mayor of Cleveland telegraphed the Presi- 
dent to keep him in Ohio till after election, 
which he did. Unable on his return to 
the army to reach his regiment, then on its 
march to the sea, he was assigned by Gen. 
Thomas to the work of raising funds for the 
Sanitary Commission. In August, 1865, 
he became chaplain of the House of Correc- 
tion in Detroit and of the Seamen's Friend 
Society. This he kept but a short time 
until, on January 2, 1866, he left his home 
to take up the work in which he was to 
become most successful, and for which he is 
best known. 

At the close of the war, western Missouri, 
which had been repeatedly ravaged by both 
armies, retained but few of its former 
inhabitants and scarcely any churches. At 



A HOME-MISSION ENTHUSIAST. 



[July, 




Rev. Seth Gold Clark. 

the request of Dr. Henry Kendall, Mr. 
Clark came to Missouri to assist in reorgan- 
izing Presbyterian work. Of his begin- 
nings here he once wrote: " The Board, by 
my request, made full provision for my 
salary the first year. I told them that if I 
went to such a burned-over country I did 
not want to intimate to any man, woman or 
child that a missionary needed anything to 
eat, drink or wear. I did not say money 
for a year, except when I paid my bills. 
The people were just as modest as I was — they 
never said money to me. I obtained a hardy 
mustang pony, and went in all directions, 
preaching the gospel wherever I found an 
opening." Does that seem a haphazard 
method, not to be reasonably expected to 
produce good results ? In less than three 
years he organized churches at Holden in 
Johnson county; Greenwood in Jackson 
county; Harrisonville and Austin in Cass 
county; Butler, Lone Oak and Papinsville 
in Bates county; Hudson (now Appleton 
City) in St. Clair county, and Lamar in 
Barton county. Each of these churches he 
supplied until they were able to obtain 
regular services otherwise. Some years 
later two of these towns, unable to obtain 
expected railroads, died a natural death, as 
did their churches. Two other churches 
were outstripped by later organizations by 
other Presbyterian denominations. There 
remain to-day five good churches organized 
before 1870 by that one missionary " settled 
on horseback." 



From 1871-76 Mr. Clark was financial 
agent for Highland University. The last two 
summers of that time were spent with a 
missionary tent outfit, furnished by Sunday- 
schools in the East. He traveled through 
northern Kansas and southern Nebraska, 
preaching daily to congregations averaging 
100 on week nights and from 150 to 300 on 
Sundays. This was strictly pioneer work 
in regions beyond ministers and churches. 
He was everywhere gladly welcomed. This 
tent work he was accustomed to regard as 
the most successful work of his life. Dur- 
ing 1877-78 he supplied the churches of 
Iola and Carlyle, Kans. ; 1879-80', Baxter 
Springs, Galena and Empire, Kans. ; 
1881-5, Kich Hill, Rockville and Hume, 
Mo., all three of which he organized. He 
then spent ten years in southwestern Kan- 
sas, where he found nine counties adjoining, 
in neither of which was an organized church. 
During those years he organized eight 
churches, seven of which, in spite of drought 
and consequent depopulation of large dis- 
tricts, are still on our " Minutes." The year 
1895 was spent with the Church of Raymore, 
Mo., which under his labors was much re- 
vived, and built a beautiful house of worship. 

At last, when nearly eighty, with mind 
and voice unimpaired, he was forced by 
physical intirmities to give up his active 
ministry. It was an affecting scene, when 
by vote of Presbytery he was " honorably 
retired," and recommended to the Board 
of Relief. All knew of his active life, and 
realized that it was not boastf ulness which 
led him to rise and say that, able as he then 
supposed to preach better than ever before, 
he would gladly sacrifice his right arm 
rather than go onto the Board, if only he 
were physically able to continue in the 
ministry. No service did he ever shirk as 
too hard, no field as too unattractive. 
Always and everywhere he loved to proclaim 
salvation to the uttermost through Jesus 
Christ. Like every other true missionary, 
he recognized no bounds of race or clime, 
but worked and prayed for the universal 
spread of the gospel. No wonder Miss 
Mary Clark, the daughter of such a home 
missionary, should be found to-day a foreign 
missionary in distant Persia. 

Mr. Clark was twice married; in 1866 to 
Mis3 Lucy Peck, who died in 1873, leaving 
five children; and, in 1875, to Miss Emma 
Perry, who survives him. 






1898.] 



THE MEN OF THE WESTMINSTER ASSEMBLY. 



9 



What a record ! It will never be fully 
written on earth. His mission work in at 
least five States, the organization of thirty- 
one churches, most of which during his 
ministry erected houses of worship, his army 
chaplaincy, his evangelistic work in prisons, 
battlefields, mining camps, frontier settle- 
ments and in the well-settled communities 



east and west, his vigorous advocacy of 
education at home and missions abroad — 
these are a few of the reasons why he will 
long be held in grateful remembrance. A 
few months ago he modestly wrote of 
himself that his had been " a very busy, 
checkered life; possibly some good may 
result/ ' 



THE MEN OF THE WESTMINSTER ASSEMBLY. 



From an admirable address on " The 
Worthies of Westminster," by the Rev. 
John S. Macintosh, D.D., just issued by 
the Westminster Press, we reproduce the 
following paragraphs: 

They are the flower of British life. They 
are picked men. They are chosen for 
quality, dignity and ability. There came 
from England sixteen peers of the realm, 
thirty members of the House of Commons, 
including several knights and about one 
hundred and forty clerical members. Scot- 
land sends six ministers and nine elders, 
nearly all of whom are peers. 

There was that heaven-born son of 
consolation, Samuel Rutherford, with all 
the schoolmen's love in his capacious mind 
and the glory light of Immanuel's land on 
his saintly face. With him George Gilles- 
pie, a very Rupert in the onset of debate, a 
Gamaliel in cautious counsel, " the young 
Solomon of our Kirk." 

The third of the mighties was Alexan- 
der Henderson, more than match for the 
craftiest of king's statesmen, whose piercing 
eye was feared even bv the subtle Went- 
worth, and whose wide-ranging, but thor- 
ough learning Paris vied with Geneva in 
crowning with honor. 

There is one other name which no lover 
of sacred letters, of broad-minded tolera- 
tion, and of honorable Church unity dare 
ever forget — the saintly and statesman-like 
James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh, who 
did once make possible the harmony and 
union of Anglo-Saxon Protestantism. 

They were men of patient toil. To use 
their own favorite term, they were "pain- 
full students of the truth." Hasty work 
at no time did they approve for God's 
house. Beaten oil they must always have 
for the sanctuary. And in their solemn 



convocation at Westminster they knew that 
they were were required by the Parliament, 
the Reformed Church and the King and 
Head of the Church, to give their very best 
to the spiritual enlightenment of their own 
age and the guidance and determination of 
the true faith for generations to come. 

Four years of the best thought, of the 
ripest scholarship, of the fullest Biblical 
knowledge of these preeminent divines are 
embodied in their most noble and still potent 
declarations. 

They were masters of English speech. 
Too little attention has been given to the 
choice diction, the calm majesty, the elevated 
precision, the clean-cut clauses, the compact 
logic, the symmetric build, the rare rhythm, 
and the frequent quiet beauty of the Con- 
fession and the Catechisms. Here is prose 
worthy of the early days of our rhythmic 
and familiar version and of the stately and 
sonorous prose of Milton in his ' Liberty.' 
There are few passages like that on the 
word of God. And in the Catechisms there 
are sentences which De Quincey or Macau- 
lay or Ruskin or Stevenson might envy for 
their swing and sweetness. 

They gave to childhood its rightful 
place in the Church, and a perfectly unique 
manual. By no council in the history of 
the universal Church had the children ever 
before been recognized as worthy not only 
of special consideration, but also of the 
ripest wisdom, the finest lessons, the very 
essence of finished thinking of a council of 
divines. The Catechisms, and especially 
the Shorter, were the last work, some not 
unfairly say the noblest trophy, the richest, 
rarest fruit of this never-surpassed Assem- 
bly. By them the Master's command, 
" Feed my lambs," received loving atten- 
tion and unstinted fulfillment. 



10 



AT THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 



[July, 



AT THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 



" Winona," said Dr. S. C. Dickey, "is a union 
of Chautauqua and Northfield : a union of educa- 
ting and religious forces." 

The individual Communion cup was used in 
the Assembly's celebration of the Lord's Supper. 

The Westminster exhibit at Winona was pro- 
nounced by Dr. Henry C. McCook to be the finest 
and largest historical Church exhibition ever at- 
tempted in America. 

The fraternal greetings of the General Assembly 
to the Assembly of the Southern Presbyterian 
Church in session at New Orleans quoted the 
passage, ' ' There is one body and one spirit, even 
as ye are called in one hope of your calling ; one 
Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father 
of all, who is in you all. " 

The Southern Assembly said in reply : "Your 
greetings received with high esteem and prayerful 
sympathy in your work in the extension of the 
kingdom of Christ, with special reference to our 




Moderator Wallace lladcliife, D.D. 



cooperative labors in Brazil, Korea and Japan. 
We send you our cordial salutations." 

This is a most opportune time for the Presby- 
terian Church, North and South, to rally under 
the common banner of Presbyterianism, and, with 
united heart and effort, go forth to battle for the 
upbuilding of the Master's kingdom. — Governor 
Mount. 

Only one-seventh of our churches contribute to 
the work of all the Boards. 

The missionary conference at the General 
Assembly adopted the following resolution : 

We commend the plan of systematic giving now 
in use in many of our churches, which has as its 
distinctive feature the preparation of a complete 
roll of the church members, and as its object to 
secure a contribution, however small, payable 
weekly or monthly, from every member for the 
support of the local chinch, and also in a similar 
manner an offering for each of the Boards. 

The Standing Committee on Foreign 
Missions called attention to the fact that 
more than one-third of the annual contri- 
butions of the Church are received during 
the last eight weeks of the fiscal year. If 
these gifts were more evenly distributed 
through the year it would result in a saving 
of interest charges, of economy in the office 
force, and would enable the department to 
prepare a final statement of the year with- 
out overtaxing the officers and the clerical 
force. 

The contributions for the past year from 
all sources to the funds of the Board of 
Foreign Missions, including the special 
gifts for payment of debt, have been, in 
round figures, $881,000. The Standing 
Committee estimated that to go through 
the present year without planting the seeds 
of a new debt, to place the work upon its 
normal basis, and to make any advance 
whatever, it will be necessary for the 
churches to contribute not less than $1,000,- 
000. To reach this sum there must be an 
average increase in contributions all over 
the Church of not less than twenty per cent. 

More than thirty-three per cent, of the 
receipts of the Board of Foreign Missions 
for the past year have come through the 
Women's Boards and the Young People's 
Societies. 



1898.] 



AT THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 



11 



Under God, the missionaries are the architects 
of a new civilization. They are the knights of a 
new chivalry. — Dr. N. D. Hillis. 

A telegram was sent from the office of the 
Home Board in New York to the moderator of the 
Assembly, announcing that the Board of Home 
Missions had just received twenty thousand 
dollars from the Presbyterian Church of Clinton, 
N. J. 

In view of the fact that tens of thousands of 
people are pushing their way into the gold fields 
of Alaska, amoDg whom are large numbers of Pres- 
byterians, the Assembly recommended that the 
Board of Home Missions appoint at least five addi- 
tional male missionaries for work in that territory, 
a grand new field for the Church. 

Among the resolutions on synodical support, 
adopted by the Assembly, is the following : 

That in order to preserve and manifest to the 
Church the unity of the whole work, each synod 
having a plan of synodical work shall be required, 
on or before the thirty-first day of March annually, 
to present a full statistical report to the Board of 
Home Missions of the home missionary work 
carried on within its bounds ; that this report shall 
be incorporated in the annual report of the Board 
to the General Assembly, and that forms for this 
purpose shall be prepared by the Board. 

One of the prime requisites of a home missionary 
is sanctified common sense. — Bev. George F. Mc- 
Afee. 

The last quarter's receipts of the "Woman's 
Board of Home Missions are more than one-half 
the entire receipts of the year. This necessitates 
the payment of interest that would be avoided if 
the money were paid regularly every quarter. — 
Bliss Lincoln, Treasurer. 

The total receipts of the Woman's Board of 
Home Missions for the year were $324,248, an ad- 
vance of $4891 over last year. For the first time 
in six years the balance is on the right side of the 
ledger. 

Mrs. C. H. Montgomery reports that the day- 
schools in Indian Territory support themselves. 
The work of the missionaries is to help the pastor 
in his work, teach in the day-school, carry on the 
Sunday-school and work among the Indians. 

Through the aid of the Board of Church Erec- 
tion, 177 churches and manses were completed dur- 
ing the past year, representing an aggregate value 
of $423,827. 



To our home mission churches 7995 persons were 
added last year on confession of faith. 

The Freedmen's Board, which was compelled to 
report a debt, was directed by the Assembly to 
make enthusiastic and persistent effort to secure 
an offering from every congregation equalling at 
least an average of twenty cents from each com- 
municant. This will wipe out the debt and pro- 
vide means for the year's work at the present rate 
of expenditure. 

The net profits of the Board of Publication and 
Sabbath-school Work for the past year amount to 
$31,000. This is an increase of more than $4600 
over the profits of the previous year. Two -thirds 
of the net profits are every year turned over to 
the Sabbath-school and Missionary Department. 

On the basis of Christian education and intelli- 
gence must the Presbyterian Church build for the 
future. Men become Presbyterians by rational 
conversion, or they do not become Presbyterians 
at all. Their faith cometh by hearing and study- 
ing the word of God. Therefore the Church must 
depend largely upon the Sunday-school for its ex- 
tension and growth. — Dr. J. A. Worden. 

The Board of Ministerial Relief, by permission of 
the General Assembly, made use last year of un- 
restricted legacies in addition to the contributions 
of the churches. While its roll has increased from 
835 to 875 families, making its payments larger 
than last year— $5771 more than ever before — it 
was able to go to the Assembly entirely out of 
debt. 

Our missionary literature should stand the test 
of highest literary criticism. Much of it goes into 
the waste basket because it lacks literary merit. 

A missionary library, to be a beneficent influ- 
ence, must have a character that, while awakening 
interest, also quickens the intellectual and spirit- 
ual life to the highest planes of living. — Bev. Lee 
W. Beattie. 

Sixty- five years ago five godly men knelt in the 
snow in the unbroken forest in this State (Indi- 
ana) and dedicated a tract of land for the founda- 
tion of a college. Dr. John Finley Crowe planted 
amid privation and self-denial another college in 
the wilds of this State. The power for good that 
has emanated from Wabash and Hanover Colleges 
is beyond human ken, and can only be measured 
by omnipotent wisdom. — Governor Mount. 

The majority of the presbyteries having signified 
their assent, the Form of Government, chapter 9, 
was amended by the addition of a new section to be 



12 



PRESBYTERIAN WOMEN AT WINONA LAKE. 



[July, 



known as Section 7 (the succeeding sections to be 
renumbered as 8, 9 and 10). 

Section 7 (subject to the provisions of the 
Directory for Worship). — The session shall have 
and exercise exclusive authority over the worship of 
the congregation, including the musical service, 
and shall determine the times and places of preach- 
ing the word and all other religious services. 
They shall also have exclusive authority over the 
use to which the church buildings may be put, 
but may temporarily delegate the determination 
of such uses to the body having management of the 
temporal affairs of the church, subject to the 
superior authority and direction of the session. 

The report of the committee on statistics of 
Young People's societies in the Presbyterian 
Church shows that in the 162 presbyteries that re- 
ported there are 6506 organizations. Of these, 
5281 are Christian Endeavor (senior, junior and 
intermediate), 981 are missionary, 192 are inde- 
pendent young people's societies, nineteen are 
Westminster Leagues, fifteen are King's Daugh- 
ters, eleven are Boys' Brigades, seven are Brother- 
hoods of Andrew and Philip. 

The first break in the dyke of the divine law 
which holds back the floods of immorality and 
vice is usually a secularized Sabbath. The real 
cause of this growing disregard for the Lord's 
Day is found in a latent infidelity that is careless 
of obedience to any and all divine law, in a con- 
scious and sometimes unconscious belief that 
deadens the conscience, destroys faith in God and 
saps the spiritual life of the people. By many of 
our people the standard of Sabbath observance, 
instead of being found in the Decalogue, is found 
in personal convenience, the interest of worldly 
gain and sensuous pleasure, and is one of ex- 
pediency rather than of principle. — From Report of 
Committee on Sabbath Observance. 

The Assembly urged ministers and elders to bear 
frequent, pronounced and public testimony against 



intemperance as a menace to all social institutions 
and a regnant influence arrayed against the 
achievement of every Christian ideal. 

The following resolution was adopted : 
That the General Assembly recognizes, with pro- 
found and devout gratitude, the widespread and 
sympathetic expressions of fellowship on the part of 
the people of Great Britain with our country in 
the present crisis of our national history, discern- 
ing in this fellowship and sympathy a common 
confession with us of faith in the brotherhood of 
the Anglo-Saxon race, and those who have become 
affiliated with us, by blood alliance and political 
kinship, and in our common love and devotion to 
the cause of universal human liberty. 

Dr. W. H. Roberts, in his address at the celebra- 
tion of the Westminster Standards, said : 

"As the destroyer in Scotland of a church 
government alien to the faith and the spirit of the 
people ; as the penman of the solemn league and 
Covenant ; as the unifier of the forces of righteous- 
ness and order in Church and State, Alexander 
Henderson stands as a man whose like has seldom 
been known. He was great with the greatness of 
the God whom he served. 

"In a land but little known during his life- 
time the memory of Alexander Henderson is to-day 
gratefully remembered and lovingly acknowledged. 
His hope for the unity of the Church of God is not 
yet realized, but the liberty for which he strove 
and the faith for which he contended, how they 
have flourished in this land west of the Atlantic. 
The men of the Westminster Standards are the 
men who made this Eepublic what it is. In the 
year 1648 those standards were adopted both by 
Presbyterians and Independents at Cambridge in 
Massachusetts. They were also adopted a little 
later by the English and American Baptists. The 
men of the American revolution, almost without 
exception, were believers in the Westminster 
Standards." 



PRESBYTERIAN WOMEN AT WINONA LAKE. 



MRS. W. B. JACOBS. 



Away from the smoke of battle and the 
din of the hurrying hither and thither across 
the continent of thousands of soldiers, 
several hundred women of the Presbyterian 
Church met at quiet, beautiful Winona 
Lake, Ind., to confer about the interests of 
the Master's kingdom in our own beloved 
land, and in the regions beyond which the 



brave soldiers of the Church have gone to 
conquer for our King. 

The two- days' conference preceding the 
meeting of General Assembly, with Mrs. 
Hillis' paper on *' How Best Cultivate and 
Direct the Spirit of Missions Among Young 
People;" Mrs. Coyle's paper on " Spiritual 
Power and Foreign Missions;" the talks on 



1898.] 



PRESBYTERIAN WOMEN AT WINONA LAKE. 



13 



literature by Mrs. Gilson and Miss Parsons, 
together with the testimonies and experiences 
of a score of missionaries, was a fitting 
preparation for the annual meeting of the 
Woman's Boards of Foreign Missions held 
in connection with General Assembly. 

The meeting convened in the chapel of the 
Woman's Building. No business was trans- 
acted, each of the Boards having already 
held its annual meeting. The chapel was 
beautifully decorated with flags of the differ- 
ent nations where we have missionaries, 
two banners brought from the annual meet- 
ing in Minneapolis, and a good supply of 
red, white and blue. 

In the absence of Mrs. H. H. Forsyth, 
the president of the Board of the North- 
west, which was hostess on this occasion, 
Mrs. N. D. Pratt, presided. Six of the 
seven Boards answered to the roll call with 
messages from their annual meetings. The 
exercises of the day were interspersed with 
solos, duets and trios sweetly rendered by 
Mrs. T. D. Wallace and the Misses Pratt 
and Yarnelle. 

Mrs. Nelson gave glimpses of her life in 
Syria and took her hearers with her on a 
tour, crossing swollen streams and sleeping 
in crowded native houses. She pictured the 
eagerness of the women to hear the gospel, 
and the cruel persecutions which they en- 
dure for their faith, and we could almost 
hear the 

' ' Bleating, bleating of the sheep 
On the mountains cold and drear." 

Miss Irwin gave a snap-shot view of her 
school in India for high -caste girls. 

Miss Sharp presented the problem, Why, 
if God has all power, if the gold and the 
silver and the cattle upon a thousand hills 
are his, why are we constantly striving to 
get money to carry on his work ? Answer: 
We are partners with God, but the trouble 
is, we are not doing our part of the busi- 
ness, we are not living up to the contract, 
we do not give ourselves wholly to him. 
When we do this there will be an abundance 
of money in the treasury. Miss Parsons 
referred to the fellowship and voluntary 
work of the Woman' s Boards and gave news 
from the front, showing the different stages 
of growth of the work from the mustard 
seed to the full-grown tree. 

The old hymn, " Fling Out the Banner," 
scarcely recognized itself sung as a medley 



with ' ' The Star-Spangled Banner ' ' and 
" All Hail the Power of Jesus' Name." 

Dr. Ewing, of India, gave a missionary's 
view of the Student Volunteer Movement. 
He said it meant much to those at the front 
— it brings a ray of hope as did the Scottish 
bagpipes at the siege of Lucknow. It meant 
much to the native Church, for it encour- 
ages the young men to give themselves to 
the work. 

Dr. Gillespie says the great need of the 
year is an " adequate force adequately 
equipped and adequately supported." 

The Student Volunteer Movement can 
supply the "force" — will the Church do 
the rest ? 

Mrs. Fanny Corbett Hays answered the 
question, " What is a Foreign Mission- 
ary ?" in a most entertaining address. 

' ' Missionaries' Hour ' ' was conducted by 
Mrs. S. J. Rhea. As well attempt to describe 
a pyrotechnical display as to describe the 
bright, helpful things said in this hour. 

Referring to a bouquet of laurel blossoms 
sent by a home missionary in South Caro- 
lina, Mrs. Rhea said she would present a 
bouquet of buds from foreign lands, and 
therewith proceeded to introduce six little 
children of missionaries, after which she 
called a long list of older missionaries to the 
platform and introduced them. Several 
were dressed in native costumes. These 
were no raw recruits — all had been at the 
front and would have been glad of an oppor- 
tunity to tell of victories won for their 
Captain, had there been time. 

The veteran, Dr. Wilson, closed the hour 
by singing in the Laos tongue the hymn, 
" God Be With You Till We Meet 
Again," the audience joining in the chorus. 
Mrs. Radcliffe, the wife of the Moderator, 
said, in referring to the missionaries, 
" when their names on the church rolls are 
called, some one will answer, ' absent, but 
accounted for. ' ' ' We must not forget to 
pray for those who are absent on duty. 
We could not tarry long in that hallowed 
spot — ships were waiting to carry the beloved 
missionaries to distant lands, trains to take 
the rest of us to our different homes, and 
we shall never all meet again this side of 
the river, but the memory of that delightful 
meeting will always linger in our memory 
and we can reecho the words of the 
Japanese girl written to a missionary: " I 
am so glad to service my Lord. ' ' 



14 



REPORT ON "THE CHURCH AT HOME AND ABROAD. 



[July, 



REPORT ON "THE CHURCH AT HOME AND ABROAD." 

To the General Assembly of 1898, in session at Winona, Ind., the Committee on The 
Church at Home and Abroad respectfully presents its twelfth annual report : 



Since the retirement of the Rev. H. A. 
Nelson, D.D., from the editorship of the 
magazine, to whose services of eleven years 
appropriate and appreciative reference was 
made in our last report, by arrangement of 
the committee, the editorial department has 
been under the exclusive management of 
Rev. Albert B. Robinson, who, without any 
assistance save such as the chairman of the 
committee could render, has carried on with 
complete satisfaction to the several Boards 
and the general committee the whole work 
of editorship. 

; In January the editorial office was 
removed to the new and commodious quar- 
ters on the fourth floor of the Witherspoon 
Building, assigned to the magazine by the 
Board of Publication, It is only right in 
this connection to state that in the making 
of this transfer and in the arrangements for 
the efficient and comfortable conduct of the 
business of the magazine the Board of Pub- 
lication has continued to manifest that large 
and unselfish interest in the magazine and 
its success which from the very beginning 
has been unstintedly and unweariedly 
shown. Special thanks are due to the 
secretary, the business superintendent and 
the building committee of the Board. The 
General Assembly ought to be distinctly 
reminded that through the constant care 
and unpaid labor bestowed upon the maga- 
zine and its general work by the officers and 
the several agents of the Board of Publica- 
tion, your committee has been enabled to 
avoid what under other conditions would 
have been from year to year a large and 
serious outlay. 

In the report of this committee to the 
Assembly of 1896 it was stated that since 
the Assembly Herald had undertaken to 
print the monthly account of treasurers' 
receipts, it was thought wise to omit them 
from the pages of The Church at Home 
and Abroad ; and the Assembly approved 
the discontinuance of the detailed account 
of contributions and directed the publica- 
tion of a summary of monthly receipts. 
This arrangement, which made it possible 
to cut down the number of pages from 
ninety- six to eighty, was continued until 



September, 1897, when, at the request of 
the Boards, we resumed the publication of 
detailed receipts, adding for the purpose 
the sixteen pages that had been dropped. 

Efforts have been made during the past 
year to popularize The Church at Home 
and Abroad and render it more attractive 
as well as more useful to its readers. 

Among these efforts are the following: 

(a) The magazine appeared in July, 
1897, with a new cover which is recognized 
as appropriate and significant, presenting 
artistic designs of the seals of the General 
Assembly and the eight Boards of the 
Church. This new cover, with the brief 
description in the issue for August, 1897, 
of the heraldic significance of each seal, has 
led some of the young people's societies to 
devote an evening to a study of the Church 
seals. The designs are reproduced with pen 
and ink or in colors upon large charts, and 
several members in turn explain the mean- 
ing of each detail and give a clear and 
concise account of the General Assembly 
and the work of each Board. 

(6) Since the beginning of the present 
year our pages have been beautified by a 
large increase of illustrations. Volume 23, 
which is completed by the issue for June, 
contains more than two hundred portraits 
and other pictures, an average of thirty -four 
each month. In no previous volume has 
the average been more than seventeen each 
month. While it may not be possible with 
our present limited circulation to keep pace 
with the secular magazines in attractiveness, 
we must not fall too far behind them, since 
our constituency includes men and women 
of the most cultivated tastes. 

Among the unsolicited commendations 
that come every day to the editorial office 
are the following: ii I congratulate you on 
the attractiveness of the last issue, especially 
the excellent quality of the illustrations." 
" The illustrations add much to its value." 
" The magazine, always good, appears to 
grow better, especially in the pleasing 
feature of illustrations." "It is steadily 
improving in attractiveness and value." 

(c) Special attention has been given to 
the young people's department, to the end 



1898.] 



REPORT ON "THE CHURCH AT HOME AND ABROAD. 



15 



that the sympathy of our young people may 
be enlisted and that their enthusiasm and 
active cooperation may be utilized in the 
great work of the Church. And since the 
Church expects the young people to read 
what it says each month through its author- 
ized agencies, constant reference is made in 
this department to the best things in other 
parts of the magazine. By means of the 
question page, which has been a feature for 
three and one-half years, attention is called 
to the great inspiring facts concerning the 
Presbyterian Church and her world-wide 
work, so attractively presented in our pages. 
An examination of the questions in any 
issue indicates a rich feast of good things. 
Other periodicals, such as Reformed Church 
Tidings and Woman's Work for Woman, 
have testified to the value of this method 
by adopting it. 

Numerous evidences come to us that 
Presbyterian young people are reading The 
Church at Home and Abroad. It is 
kept on file in church libraries, the ques- 
tions are used in Sunday-schools, and the 
number of Young People's societies that 
subscribe for the magazine is increasing. 
The missionary committee of a Christian 
Endeavor society in Baltimore, believing 
there was no better way to awaken a deeper 
interest in the cause of missions than by 
subscribing to our own periodicals, ordered 
two copies to be sent to the society during 
1897. A year later the same committee 
sent for four copies, saying that interest in 
missions had been increased through the 
reading of the magazine. 

We have been encouraged by testimonies 
like that from the Presbytery of Fort 
Dodge, which at its fall stated meeting 
('97) indorsed the magazine and com- 
mended the progress made toward making 
it of greater interest to the Church at large 
through the introduction of the Christian 
Endeavor department and the Christian 
Training Course. 

The Christian Training Course, which 
was approved by the Assemblies of 1896 
and 1897, has been continued during the 
nine months, October to June, inclusive. 
It has consisted of (1) a brief doctrinal 
study of questions in the Shorter Cate- 
chism; (2) a Biblical study following 
"Our Sixty-six Sacred Books" by Dr. 
Edwin W. Rice; (3) a historical study, 
using Ogilvie's " Presbyterian Churches;" 



(4) a missionary study, based upon a series 
of sketches of modern missionary heroes, 
written especially for the course by Mrs. 
Albert B. Robinson, and published in The 
Church at Home and Abroad, fresh 
articles in the magazine on the home and 
foreign missionary concert of prayer topics. 

Many of the presbyteries have during 
the year called the attention of their Young 
People's societies to the General Assembly's 
commendation of the Training Course, have 
added their own hearty approval, and have 
urged its adoption and use. 

The Presbytery of Rock River said to 
its young people : 

" Your society needs something like this 
for its development and increased activity. 
There is nothing equal to it for Presbyterian 
Endeavorers. Investigate it." 

The chairman of the Committee on 
Young People's Societies in this presbytery 
writes: " The course is so valuable and so 
well adapted to the needs of our young 
people that in my judgment its adoption 
ought to be vigorously pushed that it may 
find its place in every Christian Endeavor 
society in the Church. The finest meetings 
our society has held for two years have been 
by use of adaptations of your programs and 
material." 

In the Occident for April 21, we find this 
report: At the meeting of Oakland Pres- 
bytery, held in Pleasonton, April 12, the 
following resolution was presented by Elder 
Cornell, of East Oakland — Brooklyn 
Church: " The Presbytery of Oakland 
desires to express its approval and apprecia- 
tion of our missionary journal, The Church 
at Home and Abroad. It is ably edited, 
and deserves the confidence and support of 
the whole Church. Every department is 
full of practical information. The Young 
People's department is a marked feature, 
and our young people as well as the older 
ones could not do better than subscribe for 
this our Church magazine." Elder Cornell 
supported this resolution with well-timed 
remarks, in which he referred to the Train- 
ing Course which has been introduced into 
the work of the magazine. The course of 
reading is prescribed, and is something like 
the Chautauqua course. It is missionary 
in character, and very instructive. The 
resolution was passed with great unanimity 
on the part of all who were present. 

The Westminster League in Santa Cruz, 



16 



REPORT ON "THE CHURCH AT HOME AND ABROAD.' 



[July, 



Cal., spends two evenings each month on 
the Biblical department ; one on the histori- 
cal and one on the missionary. The pastor 
writes : * ' It appears to be the very thing 
that our people were hungry for. The 
books were eagerly secured, a number who 
could not possibly attend the meetings buy- 
ing them for home study." He adds: 
" The sooner all our young people settle 
down to such a course of study, the better 
it will be for the future of our beloved 
Church.' ' 

Elder John Willis Baer writes: "I am 
glad to see that more and more the young 
people are taking up the Christian Training 
Course. I wish all could see the great 
advantage in it, and that pastors would 
encourage their young people to adopt the 
course. The result would be a better 
equipped body of young people." 

The committee have in contemplation cer- 
tain improvements suggested by experience 
and resulting from widespread correspond- 
ence, but pending the report of the special 
committee on the affairs of the magazine, 
these changes have not in the meantime 
been made, though very strongly com- 
mended by one of our most experienced 
members, and unanimously approved by us 
after long and careful consideration. Your 
committee is prepared, if it be the will and 
direction of the Assembly, to carry out 
these and other improvements at the earliest 
possible moment, which we are persuaded 
would give increased popularity and in all 
probability greater efficiency. 

ABSTRACT OF ACCOUNT, 

Balance due Board of Publication, 

December 1, 1897 $6,187 64 

Expenses for the year 16,883 61 

Liabilities to subscribers 1,165 61 



$24,236 86 



Receipts $14,265 67 

Assets 5,198 34 



19,464 01 



Deficiency $4,772 85 

Average monthly circulation in 1897 13,459 

Average circulation for the first four months 

of 1898 14, 158 

The deficiency may seem very large, but 
the committee would recall the fact that in 



1886 the net deficiency on the magazines 
then published amounted to $5311.12. 

It should also be noted that through the 
retirement of Dr. Nelson the expenses for 
1898 will be considerably decreased. 

Through this reduction in salary and 
other changes, your committee sees its way 
to make for 1898 and future years a saving 
of almost $3000 annually. 

Three years ago, at a meeting of the 
secretaries and officers of all the Boards of 
our Church, it was resolved that the agency 
for communicating intelligence and impulse 
should represent the historic work of the 
Church, should present the policy, the meth- 
ods, the fields and all the interests of this great 
work in permanent form, and thus preserve 
the continuity of our past, present and future 
missionary history. That The Church at 
Home and Abroad has in some measure 
reached this ideal is attested by the fact that 
so many careful readers, finding the maga- 
zine a great repository or encyclopedia of 
missionary intelligence, call for missing 
numbers to complete files for binding, and 
request the preparation of an index to the 
twenty-three volumes. 

Your committee has previously closed its 
report with recommendations for the future 
conduct of the magazine, but in view of the 
fact that the last General Assembly, in its 
wisdom, referred the whole question of 
missionary publications to a special com- 
mittee, we leave the whole subject regarding 
the future of this publication to the wisdom 
of the General Assembly. 



After a discussion of the report of the committee 
on authorized missionary publications the General 
Assembly resolved to discontinue The Church 
at Home and Abroad and The Assembly Herald 
on January 1, 1899. 

The Assembly also authorized the publication of 
a magazine, The Assembly Herald, to begin with 
January 1, 1899, with the Rev. W. H. Hubbard 
as editor and manager for the first year. The 
editorial and business offices are to be in the Pres- 
byterian Building in New York. 

A committee of five, two ministers and three 
laymen, no one of whom is an officer of any Board 
or permanent committee of the Church, was ap- 
pointed to supervise the publication of the new 
magazine. 



FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



NOTES. 

What China Needs. 

Special attention is called to a paragraph 
found elsewhere in the communication of 
Kev. J. L. Whiting, D.D., namely this: 
"A man of some rank called upon us a few 
days since, and while he sought to obtain 
instruction for some young men in the 
English language and in science, he said 
distinctly, that it would be a calamity to 
the empire if the Chinese gained the power 
conferred by a knowledge of Western learn- 
ing and arts before they gained a better 
moral foundation than they now possessed." 

Here is a remarkable utterance surely 
from a man of high rank, who knows China 
and its upper classes and the real wants of 
the country. A mere secular civilization 
without ethical import is what China does 
not want. It might involve danger and 
be a curse. If any are tired of missionary 
methods and long for the proclamation of a 
gospel of Western improvements and inven- 
tions and Western push, here is food for 
reflection. 

Spiritual Life at Wei Hien, China. 

Mis3 Charlotte E. Hawes writes, Febru- 
ary 8, 1898: " Mr. Mateer has just closed a 
very deeply "spiritual series of meetings here, 
and we are rejoicing over the results. He 
invited the Chinese Christians from neigh- 
boring villages to come and stay a week. 
They came in such numbers from every 
direction that our little compound was 
packed with people, carts and animals. 
They attended the services without growing 
weary, and at the close of the meeting a 
great many who were not Christians stood 
up for Christ, and declared they believed 
in him, and many Christians rose and prom- 
ised to preach in houses where God was not 
worshiped. Between these services, the 
women visited me in my study, and every 
day I had the pleasure of talking about 
God to crowds of women and helping them 
to understand better what they had heard. 
One evening Mrs. Mateer asked me to lead 
the evening worship for the women who 
could not come out at night with their 
babies. I took a Christian Chinese woman 



with me, and we both talked to them and 
taught them personally. Three women 
promised to study who had not believed 
before. Then on Sabbath the church was 
so full to overflowing, I held an overflow 
service in the hospital. Two of our school- 
girls helped me and we had a very blessed 
service. The women were eager to listen 
and asked for printed hymns and prayers. 
My first year in China will be completed 
next month, and I will be examined in the 
language. I hope to go forth and help 
teach the women in the country villages. 
The harvest truly is plenteous, and oh, how 
I do thank God that I am one of the few 
laborers! God bless you in your part of 
the work. ' ' 

Graphic Pictures by Dr. Mary Eddy. 

I wonder if you have ever been out in a 
tent during a storm with no shelter near 
you. To-night I am alone in my tent and 
the wind is howling in the rocks above the 
olive trees around me ; and the tent creaks 
and groans as the blasts strike it. The man 
has just gone all around striking on the 
heads of the heavy iron stakes to see if each 
is holding on bravely and warranted to stand 
at its post during the long hours of the dark 
night. I have two persons this time who 
are unused to tent life— the Bible woman, 
Leeza, and my new assistant, Miss Katha- 
rine Sandrecsky. They sleep together in 
an adjoining tent, and I am learning 
through their fears and anxieties the disad- 
vantages of tent life. Every time our big 
watchdog Philo barks they are sure some 
thief approaches the encampment. The in- 
stability of canvas wails is ever present before 
them, and no charms of adjacent scenery 
turns their minds from the memory of past 
hours in the quiet of a lour- walled house in 
the city. All day throngs have sur- 
rounded our tents. A man was passing by 
the house of a poor widow in the village 
above us. Her dog was very hungry, 
rushed out, bit a very large piece from the 
calf of the man's leg and then ate it before 
his eyes. I dressed the leg and enjoined 
quiet in the house, but the man went off to 
the plain with his cows. I pull a tooth for 
one boy, open an abscess the next moment, 

17 



18 



NOTES. 



[July 



use electricity the next moment, following 
this with an eye operation, then an exam- 
ination of heart or lungs, then a breathless 
messenger rushes in with a note from some 
sufferer in an adjacent town, or a traveler 
stops in to see what this encampment under 
the olive trees is for. Just between our tents 
sleep three women. They are terror- 
stricken at the approach of any one in a 
uniform, as during the late troubles their 
village was raided and burnt by the soldiers. 
Last night one of them lived over the scenes 
in her dreams, and her cries and moans 
were most pitiful. It is late, the man goes 
early to Jedaide to take the post and bring 
my letters. How far away we are to-night 
from every one we hold dear, but we are 
sustained by the sense of God's care, and 
the many prayers that are ever ascending 
for us. 

Hindu Aggressiveness. 

The plan adopted by the Hindu Tract 
Society of Madras in their aggressive cam- 
paign is thus stated: "Learned Pandits 
must go forth and put the missionaries to 
shame by their dialectics. Tracts against 
Christianity must be published in all the 
vernaculars and distributed over all the 
land. Committees must be formed in all 
the towns and villages to warn the people 
against listening to Christian preachers.' ' 

Missions in the Barbary States. 

" As late as 1876 there were no organized 
missions to the natives of the Barbary 
States, though there were a few individuals, 
pastors, working among the French Protes- 
tants and the Jews in Tunis, Algiers and 
Mogador. Since then others have entered 
the field. Work is now being done there 
by the British and Foreign Missionary 
Society; by the French Wesleyans; by the 
Southern Morocco Mission; by the Gospel 
Union, associated with Mr. and Mrs. Bax- 
ter, of the Christian Herald; by Mr. 
Herman Harris, and by the World's Gospel 
Union of Kansas. Most of the pastors 
referred to are to be found in Algeria, and 
are supported by the French government. 
They do not, as a rule, extend their labors 
beyond the nominal Protestants whom they 
represent." — The Outlook, January 1,1898. 

A Remarkable Statement. 

The following is from Mr. F. C. Mozoom- 
dar, of the Brahmo-Somaj: 

" The anniversary discourse on * The 



Place of Christianity in the Future Religion 
of India ' was meant by me to form a new 
departure in the history of pur movement. 
Hitherto we had accepted the life and teach- 
ings of Jesus Christ. Now I intended that 
we should accept the principles and teach- 
ings evolved in the progress of the Christian 
religion ; for I felt, as there was no Christi- 
anity without Christ, so there was no Christ 
without Christianity. I hope before long 
to publish in America the substance of what 
I said on this subject. It ought to be 
pointed out that our thoughts on Christ and 
Christianity, openly and frankly stated, 
have often made us very unpopular, not 
only in Hindu society, but, I am sorry to 
say, in the Brahmo-Somaj also. Neverthe- 
less, I am convinced that these advanced 
views, although disagreeable at first, exercise 
in the long run a wholesome and elevating 
influence upon the public mind. It can be 
honestly said that the Brahmo-Somaj has 
done as much to prepare and familiarize the 
Indian mind with the essential truths of 
Christ's religion as any denominational 
Christian missionary agency has done, per- 
haps very much more so. ' ' 

The True Leaven. 

Sir Charles Aitcheson, speaking on " The 
Startling Leavening Process," has said, 
what will bear repeating, that " missionary 
teaching and Christian literature are leaven- 
ing native opinion in a way and to an extent 
quite startling to those who take a little 
personal trouble to investigate the facts. 

" It is not too much to say that the whole 
Brahmo movement which takes a lead in 
all social and moral reform in India, and 
which, although decidedly unchristian, pays 
to Christianity the sincere flattery of imita- 
tion, is the direct product of missionary 
teaching. 

" They have been the pioneers of educa- 
tion, both vernacular and English, and they 
are still the only body who maintain schools 
for the low castes and the poor. 

' ' To the missionaries, and to the mission- 
aries alone, we owe the movement in favor 
of female education. 

" It is to the example set by missionary 
ladies, during the last eight or ten years, in 
mission hospitals and in house-to-house visi- 
tation, that the present wide- spreading 
demand for medical aid and medical train- 
ing to the women of India is mainly due." 



1898.] 



NOTES. 



19 



Our Foreign Politics. 

The foreign politics of the United States 
of America are Foreign Missions. Starting 
into national life, free alike from the eccle- 
siastical bonds, the feudal institutions and the 
political interests of Europe, but possessing 
the full heritage of British history, litera- 
ture and character, the Americans were 
from the first prepared to become the chief 
messengers of Christ to the human race. 
In four hundred years they have, by Chris- 
tian colonization and home missions, evan- 
gelized their own continent from the Atlan- 
tic to the Pacific Ocean, bringing into the 
Church the remnant of the Red Indian 
tribes, and giving to Christendom its ' ' rich- 
est acquisition ' ' in sixty-five millions of 
Christian citizens, whom every year in- 
creases in number and influence. In the 
whole development of mankind during six 
thousand years there has been only one 
people and one land ready made, as it 
were, to be itself free, and to all beside 
the apostle of liberty in its highest form the 
freedom which is in Christ Jesus. — George 
Smith. LL.D. 



Russian Aggression in the Eastern Churches. 

The Russians are displaying new activity 
in opening Syrian schools. In Tripoli they 
have 300 boys in their school, and in the 
Meena they have a girls' school with three 
Russian ladies, two native teachers and 240 
pupils. They are also occupying the Greek 
villages in the interior of the Tripoli field, 
being determined to resist both Protestant 
and Roman Catholic propagandism. " We 
cannot hear," says Dr. H. H. Jessup, 
1 ' that they have a firman or a permit for a 
single school. American schools seem to be 
the only ones requiring ' permits,' and the 
' cuts ' will soon eliminate them as a factor 
in the tribulations of the Turk." The 
following from the Independent reveals 
similar conditions in Persia : 

" Some time ago there were reports from 
Urumia in Persia of a movement to bring 
the whole of the Nestorian Church into 
connection with the Orthodox Church of 
Russia. Some Russian priests went into 
Persia, and they had a very large following. 
Subsequently the movement appeared to 
collapse, and recent statements from that 





iMf\'. m . w 'imi3l JTLUJgiUl'i U 




Tripoli, Syria. 



20 



NOTES. 



[July, 



region imply that there is great disappoint- 
ment. Just now, however, comes a report 
from St. Petersburg that a clerical deputa- 
tion of Nestorians, headed by one of the 
local bishops, has been to St. Petersburg 
with an appeal, signed, it is said, by 15,000 
out of the 65,000 whom they claim to 
represent, for union with the Russian 
Church. A conclave of the higher mem- 
bers of the Russian hierarchy and the 
Russian Synod was assembled. After an- 
swering certain formal questions the Nesto- 
rian bishop signed the necessary document 
and the Holy Synod unanimously resolved 
to ' receive the Syrio-Chal dean flock into the 
fold of the Russian Orthodox Church .... 
by means of a declaration as to renounce- 
ment of errors.' The formal ceremony of 
union was performed with much pomp 
on the morning of April 6 in one of the 
monastery churches. The Nestorian priests 
repeated the articles of faith and were 
robed, before the altar, in rich and costly 
vestments. They then joined in the service 
of the liturgy together with the high Rus- 




Rev. William Bird. 



sian ecclesiastics. It is stated that they will 
finally renounce their native dress and re- 
turn to Persia in the regular habit of the 
Russian monastic clergy. In connection 
with this movement it is reported that the 
Holy Synod is organizing a special mission 
to Urumia for the purpose of establishing 
schools and churches there and elsewhere 
through the mountains as well as among the 
Nestorians in the vicinity of Mosul. There 
is very much of interest expressed in the rela- 
tion of this movement to Russia's political 
influence in the East." 

Rev. William Bird. 

Rev. William Bird is the son of a mis- 
sionary. His father, Rev. Isaac Bird, a 
graduate of Yale College and Andover 
Theological Seminary, sailed for Syria with 
his wife and in company with Mr. and Mrs. 
Goodell in 1823. After a stay of some 
months in Malta, they sailed for Beirut, 
arriving in December of the same year. In 
April, 1828, they were obliged to leave 
Syria on account of the unsettled condition 
of the country, and they again spent two 
years in Malta, at the end of which time 
they joined Mr. and Mrs. Whiting as asso- 
ciate missionaries at Beirut. 

Upon the failure of the wife's health in 
Beirut, Mr. and Mrs. Bird went to Smyrna in 
1835, but after unfavorable experiences 
there they returned to the United States. 

Rev. William Bird was born in Malta in 
1823, was graduated at Dartmouth College 
in 1844 and Andover Seminary in 1850. 
He was married to Miss Sarah F. Gordon 
in 1853, and left Boston for Beirut in 
March of that year, reaching his destina- 
tion in the following June. 

Mr. Bird's whole missionary career has 
been spent on the slopes of Lebanon at 
Abeih and at Deir il Komr, and for many 
years he was most intimately associated 
with the late Rev. Simeon Calhoun, whom 
the late Dr. William Adams styled " the 
Cedar of Lebanon." 

Mr. and Mrs. Bird were driven from 
their station (Deir il Komr) at the time of 
the Druze massacre in 1860, the station 
being entirely destroyed and the work 
broken up. After a furlough in the 
United States they returned two years later 
and have been stationed at Abeih. 

With the exception of visits to America 
on furlough, Mr. and Mrs. Bird have con- 



1898.] 



REV. 8. H. KELLOGG, D.D., LL.D. 



21 



tinued their labors in the field chosen in 
their youth. Veterans indeed are they, 
and are held in honor and esteem by all in 
the Syria Mission, as well as by thousands 
of natives who have learned to honor the 
integrity and piety of their faithful mission- 
aries. Many friends in this country will 
be glad to look upon the face of Mr. Bird. 



REV. S. H. KELLOGG, D.D., LL.D. 

Dr. Kellogg was born at Quogue, L. I., in 
1839. His father, Rev. Samuel Kellogg, 
was at that time acting as stated supply of 
the local church. Dr. Kellogg was trained 
most thoroughly in the Bible and in the 
Shorter Catechism. He also fed largely 
upon The Foreign Missionary and The Mis- 
sionary Herald. He was prepared for 
college by his parents at home, with the 
exception of five or six months toward the 
close. In 1856 he entered Williams College, 
but was obliged to leave on account of ill 
health. He entered Princeton in 1858 and 
graduated in 1861, after which he pursued 
a theological course in Princeton Seminary. 
During the last two seminary years he acted 
as tutor in mathematics in the college. A 
farewell sermon preached by Dr. Henry M. 
Scudder in the First Presbyterian Church 
of Princeton, 1858 or 1859, turned the 
drift of the young student's thoughts and 
purposes toward the mission field. 

He was married in 1864 in Montrose, 
Pa., to Miss Antoinette W. Hartwell. As 
navigation was much disturbed by the Civil 
War then in progress the young couple were 
delayed for some time in embarking for 
their mission field in India. At last they 
took passage on a merchant vessel bearing a 
cargo of ice from Boston to Ceylon, fondly 
hoping to reach that land in a hundred days. 
But on the third day out, they were struck 
by a cyclone, in which their Christian cap- 
tain was washed overboard, and the ship 
was barely saved from foundering. The 
captain's death placed the first mate in 
charge, and he proved to be one of the most 
ignorant men ever placed in charge of a 
vessel for go long a voyage. His ignorance 
was equaled by his wickedness and brutal- 
ity. Very soon after the storm a plot was 
laid by the crew to get rid of this incompe- 
tent and brutal commander. It was soon 
discovered, however, and suppressed, and 
as a last resort the new captain, finding out 




Rev. S. H. Kellogg, D.D., LL.D. 

accidentally that Dr. Kellogg had studied 
navigation, asked him to take the mate's 
place in directing the vessel. Thus within 
a week after leaving Boston, the young 
missionary found himself with the nautical 
library and instruments of the late captain 
placed at his disposal, and took the necessary 
daily observations and acted as navigator 
until they reached Ceylon — not in a hun- 
dred, but in a hundred and forty-eight days 
from Boston. For although they made the 
Cape of Good Hope in fifty- eight days, the 
captain, being totally ignorant of the laws 
of the monsoons beyond that point, and yet 
overruling Dr. Kellogg' s urgent advice, 
took a different course, which cost a needless 
delay. 

On reaching India with his wife and his 
fellow-missionary, the lamented Rev. Mr. 
Myers, in 1865, he was stationed for some 
months alone in the Barhpur Mission in 
charge of all the work. " It was hard at 
first," he says, " but had the good result of 
bringing me on in the language much faster 
than I should have otherwise learned it." 
Within six months he began regularly to 
take his turn in the Sabbath Urdu service 
in the native church. He remained in 
Fatehgarh till 1871, dividing his labor be- 



22 



DEATH OF MISS FANNIE E. WIGHT. 



[July, 



tween the Anglo- Vernacular High School 
and itinerant evangelistic work and the 
instruction of native preachers. It was 
during this time that he began the important 
work of preparing a Hindi grammar, which 
proved a most useful and important addition 
to the grammatical literature of India. It 
was instrumental in giving him a place in 
the Congress of Orientalists held in Stock- 
holm in 1889 under the presidency of King 
Oscar II. The grammar was also pre- 
scribed by Her Majesty's civil service com- 
missioners for India, as an authority to be 
studied by all candidates for the India Civil 
Service. In 1871 Dr. Kellogg was assigned 
by the Synod to a professorship in the theo- 
logical seminary just then established. In 
1875 Mrs. Kellogg, who had labored faith- 
fully with him during all his years of 
service, was removed by death, leaving him 
with four little children. It was this 
bereavement and the peculiar care resulting 
from it which brought Dr. Kellogg home 
and kept him in this country for several 
years. He was called meanwhile to the 
pastorate of the Third Presbyterian Church 
of Pittsburgh, and later to the Chair of Sys- 
tematic Theology, just then vacated by the 
Rev. Dr. A. A. Hodge, in Allegheny 
Seminary. In 1886, Dr. Kellogg accepted 
a call from St. James' Square Presbyterian 
Church, Toronto, Ont., where he labored 
for six years, the church greatly prospering 
under his pastorate. At the end of that 
time the missionary body composed of 
representatives of different Boards in India, 
together with the British and Foreign Bible 
Society, 'sent Dr. Kellogg a most earnest 
call to return to India, and act as one of 
three retranslators of the Old Testament 
into Hindi, a language understood by a 
hundred millions of people. He was accord- 
ingly reappointed by the Board of Foreign 
Missions, with the understanding that this 
should be his special work. 

"While in this country, both as professor 
and as pastor, Dr. Kellogg exerted a 
powerful influence in leading young men to 
enter the foreign missionary service. While 
professor in Allegheny, twenty-one of those 
now in the service of the Board in various 
fields were under his instruction, among 
them the late Dr. A. C. Good and Dr. J. 
C. R. Ewing, president of the Lahore 
College. Also while pastor in Toronto he 
had the satisfaction of seeing several 



enter the mission field, while still others were 
left in the course of their preparation. Al- 
together Dr. Kellogg has shared in the 
training of thirty-six missionaries for the 
foreign field. 

During the fifteen years spent in this 
country, Dr. Kellogg published (1) " The 
Jews; or, Prediction and Fulfillment." (2) 
" From Death to Resurrection," (3)" the 
Light of Asia and the Light of the 
World," (4) " An Exposition of the Book 
of Leviticus," (5) " The Genesis and the 
Growth of Religion," being the Stone 
Lectures for 1892, delivered in Princeton 
Theological Seminary. While in Toronto 
he also spent considerable time in revising 
his Hindi grammar. 

Dr. Kellogg has been honored by the 
degree of Doctor of Divinity, conferred by 
Princeton College, and Doctor of Laws by 
Wooster Universitv. 



DEATH OF MISS FANNIE E. 
WIGHT. 

A cable message was received April 29, 
announcing the death of Miss Fannie E. 
Wight, of the West Shantung Mission. 
She was prosecuting her work with her usual 
zeal and success, when she was prostrated 
by an attack of pneumonia which quickly 
proved fatal. 

Miss Wight was born in Shanghai, China, 
September 3, 1850. She was the daughter 
of the Rev. and Mrs. Joseph K. Wight, 
who were formerly missionaries under the 
care of this Board in China. She received 
her education in Victoria College, Ireland. 
She was appointed a foreign missionary July 
20, 1885, and, with the exception of one 
furlough, she has spent the remainder of 
her life in Shantung, China. She was at 
first engaged in educational work, but later, 
in accordance with her strong desire, was 
assigned to evangelistic labor. Into this 
she entered with single-hearted devotion. 
Free in the use of the Chinese language and 
with a richly sympathetic nature, she was 
always welcome in the homes of the people. 
Itinerating evangelistic work involves much 
physical privation, but Miss Wight so thor- 
oughly believed in the importance of it, and 
found such joy in bringing the gospel directly 
to the poor people in the outlying villages, 
that she made light of all difficulties. Her 



1898.] 



SELF-SUPPORT IN THE CHIENG MAI SCHOOLS. 



23 



death is a sore bereavement to the Board as 
well as to the mission, and the sympathies 
and prayers of many friends have gone out 
toward her honored father and his bereft 
family. 

SELF-SUPPORT IN THE CHIENG 
MAI SCHOOLS. 

REV. JOHN H. FREEMAN. 

Altogether the most encouraging feature 
of our work in Chieng Mai during the year 
past is our success in raising a considerable 
part of the means, for the support of the 
schools, among those whose children attend 
them. The movement was favored by the 
fact that foreign food and foreign ways of 
life had never been introduced in these 
schools. Save that cleanliness and order 
are insisted upon, the manner of life differs 
little from that in their own homes. Con- 
sequently, our schools have not been built 
up on a scale where self-support is impossi- 
ble. 

*■- Two years ago the movement toward self- 
support began, but very naturally those 
most directly concerned in the schools feared 
any radical change in the policy of the 



mission, lest it keep the children away from 
school. The fathers and mothers were 
asked to contribute, but no concerted effort 
in this direction was made. A few, a very 
few, responded. A little rice and a few 
rupees in cash were the net result. 

The cut in our estimates for this year 
made a cut on the schools inevitable. Either 
the terms must be shortened or the means 
to carry on the schools must be raised 
among the people. We had seen that to 
ask in a general way for contributions would 
be futile. The request must be specific. 
What we decided to do was as follows: 

First, we fixed the rate of tuition at one 
rupee per month, and board at two rupees 
per month. A close estimate showed that 
this would meet the expenses, except the 
salary of the missionaries in charge. The 
sum may seem ridiculously small to friends 
at home, one dollar per month for tuition 
and food, yet if every one in the school paid 
this, the question of self-support would be 
solved. Then we decided that pupils from 
non-Christian households must pay, while 
the question who among the Christians 
ought to pay, in full or in part, was left to a 
committee of missionaries and natives, who 
did their work very wisely and successfully. 




Sala or Rest House. 2. Pagoda. 3. Temple. 
Siani. 



24 



CONTINUED ENCOURAGEMENT IN NORTHERN KOREA. 



[July, 



The matter was systematically presented in 
every church, and in most of the Christian 
villages of Chieng Mai and Lampoon prov- 
inces. Almost all the fathers and mothers 
readily agreed to give something; a few 
paid in full, others less, but even the poorest 
were urged to give something. When they 
could not give money, a number of the 
boys agreed to work outside of school hours, 
and some of them have been very faithful 
in so doing. 

It was with fear and trembling that some 
of the members of the station agreed to 
these rather radical changes in reference to 
the schools. They felt, however, that the 
pressure of the cut made them necessary. 
But some of us felt confident that if the 
matter were fairly presented to the people 
they would be both able and willing to 
help. The result has more than justified 
our hopes. In all, about $500 have been 
paid in by natives for the work of the 
schools during the term just closed, nearly 
or quite one-half of the total amount ex- 
pended. As regards attendance, it would 
not be fair to compare with the last term, as 
the term after harvest is always larger; but 
comparing with the corresponding term last 
year, we find as follows: In the boys' 
school, the attendance was 96, as against 
110; in the girls' school, 54, as against 72. 
As will be seen by this comparison, a 
larger number of girls than of boys were 
kept at home by reason of the change. 
This was to be expected. Moreover, a new 
free school maintained by the Siamese Com- 
missioner has drawn away not a few non- 
Christian boys who attended our school last 
term, so the reduction is not wholly due to 
the pressure. 

On the whole, we may certainly feel 
greatly encouraged at these results. When 
people are willing to pay for a thing, they 
have begun to appreciate it ; and what they 
are paying for, they will increasingly appre- 
ciate. I expect some reaction. The appeal 
was made for a special reason, in part; and 
if it be harder to maintain the degree of 
self-support now reached, than to attain it, 
I shall not be surprised. It will require 
steady effort, and no little patience and 
wisdom, to carry out what has been so well 
begun. But I am sure that most of us feel 
that the cause of Christian education here 
has taken a long step in advance, and we 
thank God and take courage. 



Help from home will still be needed, for 
many years perhaps, but the outlook for 
a self-supporting, self - propagating Laos 
Church is the brighter for the work of these 
past few months. 

CONTINUED ENCOURAGEMENT IN 
NORTHERN KOREA. 

J. HUNTER WELLS, M.D. 

The missionary work here in Pyeng Yang, 
Korea, which, on account of its simplicity 
of spirit and success, has attracted so much 
attention, continues on in the same way, 
though with added interest and instruction. 
The features of self-help, self-support, large 
dispensary and hospital attendance, almost 
daily organization of places of worship, with 
the natural conclusion of converts that it is 
their duty to go and tell their neighbors 
when they have learned of the Way, the 
Truth and the Life, increase constantly and 
make us happy, though with it comes con- 
cern as how best to administer to the grow- 
ing spiritual needs. Where there were but 
four or five meeting places for Christians two 
and a half years ago, there are now over a 
hundred such places, and where there were 
less than a hundred professing Christians 
there are now over three thousand. But 
few days pass in which we do not hear of 
new meeting places or little churches started, 
in places never visited by a missionary. 
Last week seven such places were reported 
from one district. It has been impossible, 
so far, to respond to all these Macedonian 
calls. We are not asking for more mission- 
aries, for when those assigned all come 
here and are adequately provided for in 
salary and teachers, which was not done last 
year because of the " cut," we can take 
care, fairly well, of the large w T ork given 
into our hands. A few material needs in 
the way of houses are necessary, though, 
for with four families, two single ladies and 
two single men assigned — though all these 
are not here yet — we have only two fairly 
good houses, one shack changed from a 
Korean house, and four small rooms owned 
privately. The glorious work we are engaged 
in makes us neglect necessary health pre- 
cautions, so while we are taken up body and 
soul with the spiritual work before us, do 
not let it be said that the Presbyterian 
Church cannot adequately provide shelter 
and material comforts such as will preserve 



1898.] 



CONTINUED ENCOURAGEMENT Iff NORTHERN KOREA. 



25 




A Syrian Boys' School. 



our health for this great Work in the midst 
of which we are engaged. 

We could send most interesting reports of 
work, for each of the thousands of conver- 
sions are important not only to the one 
concerned, but to the angels in heaven who 
rejoice over one sinner brought to repent- 
ance. Many of the large numbers who have 
come out from darkness, not having had 
much instruction, see as yet through a glass 
darkly. They frequently take the gospel 
literally, and one late instance of a well- 
to-do woman who built a little church, and 
gave largely of her means in other respects, 
and who is a sincere believer, is noiv look- 
ing for a tenfold return from her gifts to 
the Lord ! We have had many instances 
of what they thought was demon-possession, 
which they tried to cure by prayer. None 
of the cases, however, have stood the test of 
investigation as to their being genuine 
demon- possession as of old, though some of 
the reported cures and ' ' casting out ' ' we 
didn't understand. One of the most 
marked cases turned out simple hysterics, 
while another was a simple malingerer. 
They often report dreams and visions ; one 



marked instance being when they reported 
as having seen a star at midday when one of 
the little churches was " dedicated " by 
them — in their own way. And so we could 
go on. The happiest reports though are 
like one that came to us lately, when one of 
these small churches provides the means for 
a home missionary who shall be appointed 
by the missionary. The natives have been 
made to realize that the Korean Church is 
their Church, that the conversion of their 
neighbors is their business, that if money 
is necessary, theirs is available. The work 
here has come to such a happy pass that the 
duty of the missionary has become that of 
a bishop. We have true apostolic pictures 
in the many different phases of our work. 

The little hospital and dispensary, costing 
about four hundred dollars a year and treat- 
ing twenty thousand patients in two and a 
half years, being my particular care, calls 
for mention in this letter. As in those 
converted, each case is a particular one to 
many concerned, so reports of particular 
cases are impossible. The last ones to hand 
are easiest in memory; though hundreds of 
others of the past are more interesting. 



26 



CONTINUED ENCOURAGEMENT IN NORTHERN KOREA. 



[July, 



In coming from church last Sunday I was 
asked to see a boy so blind he couldn't see 
to walk. One eye was entirely gone and 
the other obstructed by the cicatrix from 
corneal ulcer. The next day he came to 
the hospital and by the operation of iridec- 
tomy we were able to restore his sight. The 
week before it was an old woman with 
cataract. I have operated over a hundred 
times in twenty-nine months for cataracts 
and for blindness such as in the boy's case 
above, and have had uninterrupted success. 
In other respects also we have been blessed 
with so much surgical and medical success 
that patients often request operations that 
are unnecessary. The attendance in this 
cold and windy month of March is between 
thirty and sixty a day. When it is known 
that the population of the city is only about 
35,000, while the surrounding regions are 
not thickly settled, and that besides ours 



there is a Methodist hospital and dispensary, 
besides the native and Japanese doctors, it 
will be seen that the attendance is very large. 
The 20,000 patients, most all of whom 
are from the country about, have worked 
and mingled and mixed with the people. 
The literature they received at the dispen- 
sary and the word they heard there has been 
scattered among thousands more. It is 
impossible to estimate the influence of the 
hospital in this way during the past two and 
a half years. Our schools haven't as yet 
been developed, so our only means in the 
past have been the dispensary and hospital 
and itinerating by the missionaries. All 
things have worked together. The secret of 
our success from a worldly point of view 
is, we think, the esprit du corps among the 
missionaries and among the natives. The 
true secret, which is no secret at all, is the 
presence of the Holy Spirit in power. 




River Jordan. 



1898.] 



A SPECIMEN MISSION PRESS. 



27 



Concert of Prayer 
For Church Work Abroad 



July — Christian Literature in Missions. 

(a) Necessity for a Christian literature— the Bible, 
religious works, text-books, etc. 

(6) Processes of creating — translating, printing, diffi- 
culties attending. 

(c) Colportage. 

Mission newspapers and magazines. 



(d) 



A SPECIMEN MISSION PRESS. 

The following interesting and able account 
of the American Mission Press was prepared 
by Prof. Orne, of Cambridge, about six 
years ago. With his permission this ex- 
tract was made for the use of the Presby- 
terian Board. It furnishes a clear and 
striking illustration of the value and influ- 
ence of a mission press in a country like 
Syria. In a prefatory note Prof. Orne 
states as an extreme illustration of the pre- 
vailing ignorance in regard to missionary 
work of this kind, that he had met a 
college-bred and scholarly gentleman who 
proved to be ignorant not only of what had 
been accomplished in the Arabic language, 
but of the very existence of such a mission 
station as Beirut. 

The paper, of which the following is only 
a part, alludes to the changes which have 
occurred in Beirut since the first Presbyte- 
rian missionaries landed in that city between 
sixty and seventy years ago. It then had 
8000 population. Now there are not less than 
1 00, 000. No printing presses existed in the 
country, no carriage roads, and no schools. 
The first missionaries were looked upon as 
enemies. Now the city abounds in schools 
conducted by the various religious sects. 
There are substantial and convenient resi- 
dences, macadamized streets, fine roads 
leading to the suburbs, gas light, and water 
furnished by an acqueduct leading from the 
Dog river. There are four colleges, five 
female seminaries, ninety- three schools of all 
kinds, with 295 teachers and 8926 pupils, of 
whom 4150 are girls. Of the ninety-five 
schools, thirty are Protestant, having 116 
teachers, 761 boys and 2281 girls. 

One direct influence of the Mission Press 
is seen in the establishment of a similar 
press by the Jesuits and four or five private 
printing enterprises. In addition to all that 
the Mission Press of the Presbyterian Board 
has accomplished, a still larger output of 



books of all kinds has resulted from the first 
example. Arabic literature, which Islam 
had not had the energy and enlightenment 
to reproduce and disseminate, has been put 
into permanent form, and is now sold every- 
where in the bookstores of Beirut. If the 
literary work of the Presbyterian Mission 
described in the following paper had been 
the only result of missions in the Levant, it 
would repay a hundred times over all the 
outlay in the results so accomplished. 

" The American Press, the one in which 
we are at present more particularly inter- 
ested, was founded in 1822 at Malta, to 
which island the missionaries had fled from 
the political troubles in Syria; afterwards, 
in 1834, it was removed to Beirut, where it 
became firmly established and has remained 
ever since. 

" The issue from this press of works on 
theology, history, science, literature, medi- 
cine, and of educational text-books, maps, 
cards and other instruments of instruction, 
besides many works of a miscellaneous char- 
acter, has been steadily going on for more 
than seventy years, and the catalogue of its 
publications is ever increasing its list. It 
has become not only a decided power in 
Syria, but its influence is felt in Egypt and 
other portions of Africa, Asia, India, 
China, and in other places where there is 
an Arabic reading population. 

" The equipments of the American Press 
are large and complete. It makes use of 
ten fonts of Arabic type of superior quality, 
which have been employed by the great 
printing presses of Germany, and in many 
cases have supplanted the old fonts in use. 
The British and Foreign Bible Society has 
also adopted the Beirut type for its Arabic 
publications. The printing office, which 
occupies a substantial stone structure, is 
furnished with steam presses of the latest 
improved patterns, and of great power and 
capacity; hand-presses, a hydraulic press, a 
lithographic press, embossing presses, a hot- 
rolling press, a type foundry, apparatus for 
stereotyping and electrotyping ; and the 
office is prepared to do the work with these 
ample appliances not only for the use of the 
mission and its patrons, but for any other 
parties who may desire it. In fact, the 
Mission Press, really the largest and most 
active Arabic Press in the world, is as thor- 
oughly furnished as any European, English 
or American Press, to do printing of a high 



28 



A SPECIMEN MIS3I0N PRESS. 



[July, 



degree of excellence, in several languages, 
either directly from the forms or from elec- 
trotype and stereotype plates; even to make 
type, to do artistic work, bind books, mount 
maps, and do everything else that is within 
the province of a completely furnished 
printing and publishing house. The Press 
does the Arabic work for the American 
Bible Society, the British and Foreign Bible 
Society, the London Religious Tract Soci- 
ety, the American Tract Society, the Syrian 
Protestant College, as well as for private 
individuals. The American Press was 
established to further the cause of the 
American Board of Foreign Missions in 
Syria. Subsequently it went into the hands 
of the Presbyterian Board of Missions, and 
continued its work in the same religious 
interests. 

" As might be expected of a mission 
press, the publications partake more of a 
religious than secular character, although not 
a few educational treatises for the use of the 
mission secular schools and the Protestant 
College and Medical School have been 
issued. 

" Of religious publications the Bible takes 
the lead both in the number and variety of 
its editions, and in the superior excellence 
of its typographical execution of some of 
them. The full-voweled edition of the 
whole Bible, printed from electrotyped 
plates in style of the first font, is one of the 
most elegant books in the Arabic language. 

" The Bible, Old and New Testaments in 
whole aud in parts, is printed in four differ- 
ent fonts, vowel ed or not voweled, some of 
them electrotyped, and in several styles of 
binding. These Bibles are published by the 
American Bible Society, and several of the 
editions can be obtained at their depositories 
in this country. The translation of this 
Bible is the successive work of Drs. Eli 
Smith and C. V. A. Van Dyck, of the 
American Board of Missions, and it is con- 
sidered a model of pure Arabic. It reflects 
great honor upon the scholarship of the 
distinguished divines who for several years 
toiled over the intricacies of a very difficult 
language in order that the Holy Scriptures 
might be in these days read by the descend- 
ants of those who first made its history or 
wrote its page3. 4 The little upper chamber 
where Drs. Smith and Van Dyck labored 
so many years in preparing this translation 
has been carefully kept, so far as possible, 



in its original state ; a memorial tablet in 
Arabic and English has been placed by 
President Gilman of Johns Hopkins Univer- 
sity on the wall of this room, recording the 
history of the great work done there. The 
room now forms a part of the Female Sem- 
inary.' It may be here stated that through 
the benevolence, and at the expense of Mr. 
Mott, an English gentleman, a pres3 and 
other equipments for printing raised 
Arabic characters for the use of the blind, 
have been furnished, and already the Gospel 
of Matthew has been supplied for the edifi- 
cation and comfort of these unfortunates. 

" To show the greatness of this special 
department of the Press, i. e., the Bible 
department, and to illustrate its industry, 
there were distributed in Syria volumes of 
the Scriptures, including Bibles, Testaments, 
and portions of the same, 31,000 in 1890, 
and 27.000 in 1891. This represents for 
the Bible Society alone more than 14,000,- 

000 pages for the year 1890, and about half 
as many for the British and Foreign Bible 
Society. 

" Of the other religious publications there 
are some intended more especially for the 
use of the students in the theological semi- 
nary. Many, perhaps most of these, were 
written in Arabic by the members of the 
mission, both Americans and learned native 
Syrians, graduates of its schools and its 
seminary. Among these works are ' Sys- 
tematic Theology, ' in two vol umes, by Rev. 
Dr. J. S. Dennis ; ' Evidences of Christi- 
anity ' and 'Biblical Interpretations/ by 
the same author; ' Homiletics and Pastoral 
Theology,' by Rev. Dr. Henry H. Jessup; 
Dr. G. E. Post's ' Complete Concordance 
of the Arabic Bible ' and his ' Bible Dic- 
tionary;' Rev. S. H. Calhoun's ' Harmony 
of the Gospels ' and ' Life of Christ ' and 
■ Scripture Helps;' Dr. W. W. Eddy's 
' Commentaries on the New Testament, ' and 
his ' Historical Foundation of Christianity;' 
Mr. Ibrahim Sarkis' ' Key to Technical 
and Unusual Words Found in the Arabic 
Bible;' Dr. Wortabet's ' Commentary on 
the Hebrews;' Dr. Eli Smith's ' The Work 
of the Holy Spirit;' Nofel Effendi Nofel's 

1 History of Religions;' R. Hassoon's 
1 Chronological Arrangement of the Four 
Gospels.' Some of the works are transla- 
tions from the English of standard works 
of more or less educational value. Of these 
are Edwards' ' History of Redemption,' 



1898.] 



A SPECIMEN MISSION PRESS. 



29 



Alexander's ' Evidences,' Prof. Phelps' 
1 Studies of the Old Testament,' 'A Treatise 
on Preaching, ' by Bishop Germanus Ferhat, 
1 Reith on Prophecy,' Mosheim's ' Church 
History,' 853 pp. 

" Of works of general history adapted 
to all persons of mature mind there 
are a great many, both original and 
translated. Some of these are Bourdillon's 
1 Help to Family Worship;' Dr. Charles E. 
Knox's 'Year with St. Paul;' Dr. New- 
ton's ' Illustrated Life of Christ,' * King's 
Highway,' ' Rays of the Sun of Righteous- 
ness ' and other works by the same au- 
thor; " Bunyan's ' Pilgrim's Progress' and 
1 Holy War;' Thomas a, Kempis' ' Imita- 
tion of Christ;' D'Aubigne's ' History of 
the Reformation;' ' Line upon Line and 
Precept upon Precept,' ' Historical Stories 
from the Creation to the Babylonian Cap- 
tivity,' two volumes; D wight L. Moody's 
twelve sermons, several volumes of Spur- 
geon's sermons; ' The Witness of Ancient 
Monuments to Old Testament Scripture;' 
Bagster's ' Daily Light on the Daily Path ;' 
Miss Havergal's works, ' Little Pillows and 
Morning Bells.' 

" Of miscellaneous works not religious 
are ' The Schoenberg Cotta Family;' ' Swiss 
Family Robinson;' Smiles' ' Self-help;' 
■ The Dwellers on the Nile,' by E. A. W. 
Budge. 

" Some works of a controversial nature 
are furnished, such as Haurani's ' Dar- 
winian Evolution and Materialism,' with 
Haurani's ' Reply to the Darwinian The- 
ory;' ' Mistake on Popery;' Mishaka's 
' Reply to the Papists;' Nevius on 
' Popery ;' ' Poperv Tested by the Word of 
God.' 

" Of works on ethics there are ' The 
Primer of Ethics,' by B. G. Comegys; 
Ibrahim Sarkis' tract on ' Intemperance and 
Vice.' 

" The smaller books on a great variety of 
subjects, mostly of a religious or moral 
character, adapted to all classes of people, 
young and old, are too numerous to men- 
tion, except in a catalogue of publications. 
They comprise history and fiction, sermons 
and homilies, works of devotion and con- 
solation, narratives and allegories, biog- 
raphies, meditations, essays on religious and 
moral subjects. Drummond's ' The Greatest 
Thing in the World' and 'The Black 
Beauty, ' a book which has been termed ' The 



Uncle Tom's Cabin for the Horse,' are 
books which can be obtained as easily in 
Beirut in the Arabic language as in Boston 
in the English. 

" Of the multitude of tracts, picture 
books, picture cards, story books, question 
books, catechisms, hymn and tune books, 
and all other appliances for Sunday-school 
and general religious work, it is unneces- 
sary to make any detailed mention. The 
mission bookstore in Beirut is as well sup- 
plied with all these as is any denominational 
repository in this country. I say denom- 
inational, for all books inculcating opinions 
and interpretations of Scripture not in 
harmony with the views of the Presby- 
terian branch of the Christian Church are 
conspicuous by their absence from the list of 
publications of this Press and from the 
counters of its repository. This fact under 
the circumstances cannot be criticised or 
condemned. 

" Of the purely secular educational 
publications there is a good supply. The 
lists consist of material for teaching persons 
of all ages and all degrees of mental ma- 
turity. There are alphabet wall cards, 
primers, reading books, of several grades, 
plain and illustrated ; grammar and rhetoric, 
elementary and advanced, prepared mostly 
by native scholars, as Yaziji, Ibn Akil, 
Hammam; special text-books on etymology 
and prosody; geographies, with atlases, 
large and small, and wall maps; arithme- 
tics, mental and written; works on algebra, 
geometry, trigonometry, logarithms, chem- 
istry, physics, geology, botany, astronomy, 
physiology and natural history. 

" These works are all good and reliable 
text- books on their various subjects. A 
few of them are translations from the Eng- 
lish, but most of them were prepared espe- 
cially for the use of students in the mission 
schools, the Protestant College and Female 
Seminary of Beirut and the Medical School. 
Their preparation reflects great credit on 
the scholarship, industry and philanthropy 
of the members of the mission, both 
Americans and Syrians. Dr. Post's 
' Botany, ' his ' Plants of Syria and Egypt, ' 
1 Flora of Syria and Palestine,' ' Natural 
History,' ' Physiology,' his 700-page trea- 
tise on surgery and his materia medica all 
attest his wonderful versatility of genius, 
his thorough scholarship and his untiring 
industry. The same may be said of l Dr. 



30 



MISSIONARY BOOK-MAKING. 



[July, 



Van Dyck's 412-page ' Chemistry, ' his 
1 Higher Astronomy,' his ' Physical 
Diagnosis of the Wortabets' Anatomy ' 
and ' Physiology and Hygiene;' Haurani's 
1 Wonders of Nature and Commercial Prod- 
ucts of the Sea;' Dr. Bliss' * Mental 
Philosophy.' All these text-books are 
valuable treatises on their respective sub- 
jects, and their English translations would 
rival similar works in use in our own high 
schools and colleges. 

" There are also on the counters of its 
store dictionaries, Arabic-English and Eng- 
lish-Arabic, notably, Sarkis' 'English and 
Arabic Vocabulary,' the dictionaries of J. 
Abcarius, of Kessab and Hammam, Butrus 
Bistany's ' Great Arabic Lexicon,' in two 
volumes of 2308 pages; the Wortabets' 
Arabic-English dictionary, printed, how- 
ever, in Cairo; Nofel 's French and Arabic 
vocabularies. 

" The ancient languages are not omitted 
from the list of publications of the Ameri- 
can Press, for Prof. Harvey Porter has 
edited a Latin grammar in Arabic contain- 
ing 130 pages, also a Latin reader with 
Latin- Arabic vocabulary. There is also a 
Turkish- Arabic vocabulary of 316 pages 
by Nofel. 

" Of historical works there is by no 
means a dearth. Such comprehensive works 
as J. Abcarius' ' Universal History,' 729 
pages; Prof. Porter's 'Ancient History,' 
a large 8vo, 598 pages; Ibrahim Sarkis' 
' Summary of Ancient History, ' with special 
histories of Damascus, Jerusalem, of the 
Romans, and of the Macedonians; Nofel 
Effendi's ' Notes on Arab History,' 464 
pages; and for a philosophical treatise, Ibn 
Khaldun's ' Introduction to History ' (this 
printed, however, at another press), are 
enough to render the readers of them 
among the Syrians and other Arab people 
intelligent members of their communities. 

" For poetical works this press either 
prints or offers for sale the assemblies of the 
Sheikh al Yazijy and the Makamat of 
Hariri, the Diwans of Motanebbi and El 
Farid, the poetical selections of Ibrahim 
Sarkis. For ethical instruction there are 
Sarkis' ' Ancient Arabic Proverbs,' the 
celebrated books of allegories and fables en- 
titled ' Kalia and Dimna.' 

11 There is a weekly illustrated paper, the 
Neshra, published by the Mission, edited 
by Rev. Dr. Henry H. Jessup. It contains 



religious and secular matter, often a report 
of a sermon or lecture, and some scientific 
matter. 

' ■ The above list, comprising a part of the 
religious, educational and miscellaneous 
publications of the American Press, will 
give some idea of the enterprise, industry and 
scholarship of the members of the Presby- 
terian Mission. 

" The extreme cheapness of these publi- 
cations in the Arabic language is a note- 
worthy fact." 

MISSIONARY BOOK-MAKING. 

BENJAMIN LABAREE, D.D. 

One of the first impulses of the Protes- 
tant missionary is to give the people some- 
thing to read. He feels the importance of 
reaching their hearts by the eye as well as 
through the ear. Especially anxious is he 
to put some part of the word of God in 
written form into their hands that the very 
women and children, as well as possibly 
scholars among them, may be able to in- 
crease in the knowledge of the true God. 
So look where we may all over the mission 
field, we see some missionaries engaged in 
book-making. Translations of the Bible, 
hymn-books, commentaries, text-books for 
the common and higher schools are in vari- 
ous stages of construction. A Christian 
■vernacular literature is developing which is 
to be a great bulwark of the faith for gen- 
erations yet to come, a guide for immortal 
souls to eternal life. 

But the art of book-making in these 
mission lands is yet in its infancy, and is 
encumbered with many difficulties unknown 
in civilized countries, where science and 
skilled handicraft have carried the art to 
such high perfection. The missionary book- 
maker often has to deal with both the sim- 
plest and the most complicated conditions of 
the art. He has to begin, perhaps, with 
word-making, grammar and dictionary 
building, on up to type- casting and book- 
binding. It will be interesting to take up 
some of the problems which the missionary 
must often meet and solve in order to fulfill 
with highest advantage his divinely ap- 
pointed purpose of building the Church of 
God among the people of his mission. 

I. PROBLEMS OF LANGUAGE STUDY. 

The first perplexity with which the mis- 
sionary has to wrestle is the strange language 



1898.] 



MISSIONARY BOOK-MAKING. 



31 



of the people, which he must master before 
he can write out anything for their instruc- 
tion. If he is fortunate enough to enter a 
field where considerable missionary work 
has preceded his coming, he will find some 
assistance in rudimentary grammars and 
dictionaries prepared to his hand. Other- 
wise, he will have to quarry and build for 
himself. Dr. Good's method of capturing 
the language, as given in his lately pub- 
lished memoir, was " to set a Bulu man to 
talking, and to stop him with questions 
whenever he used a new word. That would 
result in gaining a general idea, spread 
over three or four terms. The hinge of 
the task was then to extricate the exact 
meaning in each of these terms." So word 
by word, and idiom by idiom, he drew out 
from their dull intellects the secrets of their 
speech. Did he ask the expression for 
" my gun," it was correctly given; if then 
he asked for " my guns," he would be met 
with the reply, " I have only one gun," 
and only tireless patience and tactful persist- 
ence would surmount the obstacles. A 
missionary on the Congo tells of his long 
hunt for the plural ending of nouns, only 
to discover at last that the plural change 
was given at the beginning and not the end 
of the word: dinkondo was plantain: mon- 
Jcondo, plantains. He was about three 
months getting the word for " yesterday." 
Many are the mortifications which the mis- 
sionary experiences along with his much toil 
before he masters the philological intricacies 
of this language instrument. Nor are the 
anomalies and the novelties encountered in 
the vocabulary alone, but the idioms of 
speech are often strange and complex. 
Unidiomatic phrases and sentences in the 
missionary's work would not only mar it 
seriously for the native reader, but might 
wholly blind the truth he wishes to incul- 
cate. Not a little missionary literature has 
proven a waste of time and money because 
of careless authorship in this respect. Rude 
as the people often are for whom the mis- 
sionary labors, they cannot be won to Christ 
by uncouth renderings of the most precious 
truths into their speech. But many of the 
languages of Asia, and of Africa even, are 
peculiarly rich in power of expression, 
giving delicate shades of thought, which 
must be well understood in order to effective 
handling of the language. It is said an 
African chief once offered to translate a 



difficult passage in three different forms and 
use no word but once. 

But when the vernacular speech has been 
acquired with a good degree of accuracy, 
another problem of much importance arises 
in some instances as to the character in 
which it shall be expressed. The language 
may never have had a written form before. 
It is perhaps allied to some other language 
which has already been harnessed into writ- 
ten form, and it might naturally be assumed 
that the new speech should be put into the 
same character. Thus the vernacular 
Syriac was put by our missionaries sixty 
years ago into the Nestorian character of the 
Old Syriac. But it has been found neces- 
sary in preparing literature in the Osmanli 
Turkish to use three different alphabets, the 
Arabic for the Turks, the Armenian for that 
large body of the Armenians who have lost 
their own tongue and speak only the Turk- 
ish, and the Greek for a similar body of the 
Greeks living in Turkey. So the Koordish 
has been printed in the Armenian charac- 
ter for the sake of Armenian Christians 
who speak only the Koordish language. 

Where no necessity exists for some one 
particular alphabet to be used, some form 
of the Roman alphabet is probably adopted, 
as in the case of most of the dialects of 
Africa and the South Sea Islands. 

But even in such a case there is call for 
much acumen on the part of the translator 
in differentiating the sounds with precision 
and in devising methods to represent pecu- 
liar tones and accents, such as the clicks 
in the Bantu languages. Unimportant as 
some of these details may seem, it is never- 
theless a fact that long standing controver- 
sies have arisen among zealous brethren on 
the field as to how to best represent a slight 
difference of sound. A high order of 
scholarship was called into service in re- 
ducing the vernacular Syriac to a written 
form which should be etymologically con- 
sistent as well as soundly grammatical. 
The literature which was built upon that 
basis has commanded the admiration of 
the most eminent scholars in the Old and 
the New World. 

II. PROBLEMS IN TRANSLATION. 

While the translator is getting at the 
beginnings of book-making, he often makes 
the painful discovery that the language 
which he is trying to learn is only a dialect, 



32 



MISSIONARY BOOK-MAKIKG 



[July, 



and that the language as a whole is a 
strange tangle of many and mixed dialects. 
Each geographical district, or each tribe, 
has its own mode of speech, which is often 
quite unintelligible to those of another tribe 
or district. It is clear to the missionary 
that he must in the main confine his atten- 
tion to one of these, for his time is too 
limited for him to undertake to master them 
all. Nor would it be wise to create a liter- 
ature in each of them. So it becomes a 
very practical question to him which he shall 
honor as the standard for his printed page. 
Perhaps, choose as wisely as his circum- 
stances will allow, another generation, with 
a wider knowledge of the facts, will pro- 
nounce his selection a poor one. In some 
mission fields the battle of the dialects is 
still on. The early American missionaries 
to the Nestorians chose the Oroomiah dialect 
as the one out of several which they believed 
would in time absorb the others. This 
expectation has not been fully realized, 
though it is the leading dialect still. An- 
glican missionaries, coming a half-century 
later, sought to better handle this confusion 
of dialects by forming a sort of ci literary 
style ' ' which would serve as a means of 
intercommunication between the different 
districts; but it has not proved a success. 

These conflicts of claims between dialects 
as to their relative merit and importance are 
often the occasion of vexatious annoyance 
to the missionary. Two or three years ago 
a mission boarding-school in Batanga, 
Africa, had to be closed for a time in con- 
sequence of a rebellion among the scholars 
over the dialect in which some of their 
lessons were assigned. An unpleasant dis- 
agreement lasted for some time between the 
American missionaries in Persia and agents 
of the British and Foreign Bible Society in 
the Caucasus over the translation of the 
Bible into the Trans- Caucasian, or Azerbai- 
jani, Turkish, and two separate versions 
were in process of preparation. Fortu- 
nately the differences were composed in a 
sane and catholic spirit, with one common 
version as the result. 

Apart from dialectic perplexities, every 
language presents individual peculiarities 
that weary the missionary translator inces- 
santly in his efforts to express the great 
truths of the Christian faith. To this day, 
after years of controversy, the strongest 
missionary scholars in China are ai rayed 



one against the other as to whether the word 
shin or shangtl most completely represents 
the Christian idea of God. The Chinese 
has no word corresponding exactly to the 
Hebrew Jehovah. Whole editions of the 
Bible have been prepared in which a blank 
space was left that each missionary might 
have inserted at pleasure whichever term 
suited his opinion.* Many other integral 
ideas of the Christian religion have no 
existence in the minds of some heathen 
nations. After much baffling search for 
some representative word, the missionary is 
compelled to coin a word, or to import one 
from a foreign tongue, which after reiterated 
explanations may come to signify the desired 
thought to the hearer and reader. A pro- 
fessor in a mission school in Bengal once 
inquired of his class what was the word for 
conscience in their language. One of them, 
more honest than the rest, replied: " When 
we have not the thing itself, how can we 
have a name for it?" 

Dr. S. H. Kellogg has told us in these 
pages, f that owing to the pantheistic ideas 
of the Hindus, there is no word in Hindi 
for ' ' person, ' ' and none for ' ' matter ' ' as 
distinct from "spirit;" and that the word 
omnipresence suggests rather universal per- 
vasion than what is meant by the English 
word, presence. One recalls the saying of 
Luther to Melanchthon: " It is not easy to 
make the old prophets speak German." 
How much more difficult it must be to put 
the words of the Lord Jesus Christ and his 
apostles into tongues which have never been 
converted to Christian usage. 

Dr. A. C. Good tells usj that the Bulus 
have " for all forms of evil a wealth of 
names that completely discounts the Eng- 
lish," but they have no words to express 
' ' thanks, " or ' ' thanksgiving. ' ' He adds : 
" It is intensely interesting to stand by and 
watch the regeneration of a language, "a 
sentiment which a large company of mis- 
sionaries the world over will heartily indorse. 

More than a hundred years ago an Orien- 
talist expressed the opinion that no transla- 
tion of the Bible could possibly be made 
into the language of China, because the 



* "Notes on Missionary Subjects," R. N. Cust, 
p. 67. 

| Church at Home and Abroad, July, 1897, 
p. 26. 

t " Biography," p. 241. 



1898.] 



MISSIONARY BOOK -MAKING. 



33 



nature of the language would not allow of 
any translation being made. The folly of 
such a statement is now most conspicuous. 
But who can estimate the toil aud trials 
through which the present mighty volume 
of Christian literature in Chinese has been 
created ? Nor is the Chinese alone in the 
marvels which have been accomplished in it 
by the resolute scholarly labors of mission- 
aries. Dr. Cust estimated ten years ago 
over three hundred languages in which the 
Bible had been translated for missionary 
purposes and almost wholly by missionaries. 
Each of these languages has had to be dealt 
with by itself. Each has a genius of its 
own, and idioms and modes of thought the 
very reverse possible of the translator's 
own. The Osmanli Turkish loves long and 
involved sentences, running over a whole 
page without a break in the thought or a 
single finite verb until the very close. It 
demands rare scholarship to reconstruct 
one's own mode of thinking and mould it 
into such a system as this. The builder up 
of a Christian literature must, moreover, 
commingle intimately with the people to 
learn their customs as well as their words 
and idioms and modes of thought, so as to 
give a coloring to his books which the native 
mind will quickly appreciate. Bunyan's 
1 ' Pilgrim' s Progress ' ' in Persian has under- 
gone a good many modifications in the 
names of the characters, the color of the 
incidents and its general language in order 
to appeal to the Persian imagination more 
forcibly; and doubtless the same is true in 
many other languages. 

It must be borne in mind that the major- 
ity of missionaries have not received, previ- 
ously to their missionary experiences, any 
special training for such linguistic tasks. 
That they have wrought so well, winning 
such wide commendation for their literary 
success from the Church and from scholars 
and from grateful native converts, is due, 
beyond question, to the blessing of the Holy 
Spirit. Great aid has been rendered them by 
bright native scholars, many of them even 
unconverted, yet good scholars in their own 
languages; but even such are not to be 
depended on for sharp distinctions of thought 
and precision of expression. 

III. PROBLEMS OF TYPOGRAPHY. 



Missionary presses have been a very 
important part of the agency of missionary 

THE UNITED PRESBYTERIAN MISSION LIBRARY 



stations and missionary societies, and have 
done splendid service in the spread of gospel 
light and blessing. But these presses have 
come to their present degree of efficiency 
from small and perhaps clumsy beginnings. 
Often new fonts of type had to be created, 
either because none existed of any shape, 
or because existing ones were clumsy and 
illy adapted. Some marvelously beautiful 
specimens of type have come from our 
American Press establishments. All mis- 
sionary presses in China and Japan are 
indebted to the genius and artistic skill of 
Mr. William Gamble, who was manager 
forty years ago of the Presbyterian Mission 
Press at Shanghai. By his indomitable 
energy and his ingenuity, he solved some of 
the most difficult problems in Chinese print- 
ing. The beautiful fonts of Arabic and 
Syriac type, which are now extensively in 
use in European publishing houses, were 
developed by the modest but skillful mana- 
gers of the missionary presses at Beirut and 
Oroomiah of early times. They brought 
into being these tasteful type simply to 
foster the production and circulation of the 
new Christian literature in their respective 
fields of missionary operations. Philologists 
of the West have admired their work and 
to a large extent adopted their types for 
scholastic purposes. The Presbyterian 
Press at Bangkok has recently brought out 
a greatly improved font of type for their 
Siamese printing, making it possible to 
print the whole Bible in one volume, instead 
of several, of moderate size. In most in- 
stances the management of even a small 
printing press on foreign soil, at a long 
distance from its base of supplies and from 
skilled artisans, in ca?e of a break in ma- 
chinery, is attended with serious perplexi- 
ties. Even the printers and the binders 
and type-founders are the fruit of missionary 
training through years of painstaking 
devotion. 

IV. PROBLEMS OF CIRCULATION. 

When the missionary has toiled through 
his book-making, and rejoices over books 
completed, now ready for the instruction of 
the people he loves, he does not find alto- 
gether a plain and easy way for getting 
them into the hands of the limited reading 
public to whom he is catering. He is 
tempted to dispose of them free of charge 
as widely as possible. But experience has 



475 Riverside Drive. New York 27. N. Y. 



34 



EXTRACT FROM LETTER OP REV. J. H. WHLTINfJ. 



[July, 



proven that to be poor policy. On the other 
hand, the people quite likely possess but little 
ready cash, and at any rate are not in the 
habit of spending their loose change for 
books. Colporteurs must be trained up to 
circulate the books and tracts, but faithful 
and tactful men for such service only come 
out of much discipline and disappointment. 
Often the missionary must turn bookseller 
himself and on his itinerating tours devote 
no small portion of his time to taking in the 
cheap coin of the country for his books. 
And yet, in spite of these difficulties, and 
the hindrances from Mohammedan and 
heathen opponents, it is surprising how 
wide is the circulation of Christian books 



and tracts through missionary agencies. 
During the past year our Presbyterian 
mission presses printed over seventy-seven 
millions of pages, to supply the widening 
demand. Such a figure marks the energy 
and zeal which conscientious missionaries 
seeking the extension of Christ's kingdom 
are putting into this hopeful branch of their 
work. It tells of their unabated confidence 
in the power of gospel truth. It is no 
wasteful, no uncertain procedure they are 
engaged in. They are putting in, through 
this carefully prepared Christian literature, 
telling blows for the overthrow of Satan's 
kingdom and the sure upbuilding of our 
Redeemer's throne among the nations. 



Letter. 



EXTRACT FEOM LETTER OF REV. J. H. 
WHITING, PEKING, FEBRUARY 10, 1898. 

A matter of great interest in casting a light on 
the state of thought in high circles is the fact that 
the emperor sent for a list of 163 books through 
the agent of the American Bible Society. I think 
fully half of these are of a religious character — 
commentaries, life of Christ, biographies of Chris- 
tians, etc. He afterwards sent to the A. B. C. 
F. M. Press here for live copies of each work 
published by them. The books on the first list can- 
not be bought here. They have been sent for to 
Shanghai. When they arrive it cannot be longer 
supposed that there is no means for the Emperor to 
learn the truths of Christianity. He will also 
have within reach books which discuss a wide 
range of modern learning. It is a cause of rejoic- 
ing that religious knowledge is admitted as readily 
as science. We hope it may find hearts ready to ac- 
cept its precious truths. A man of some rank 
called upon us a few days since, and while he 
sought to obtain instruction for some young men in 
the English language and in science, he said dis- 
tinctly that it would be a calamity to the empire if 
the Chinese gained the power conferred by a knowl- 
edge of western learning and arts before they 
gained a better moral foundation than they now 
possessed. I was glad to hear him state such an 
important truth. 

A very important edict. 

You will be glad to learn of the edict issued by 
the Emperor on the sixth of the Chinese first 
month (January 27). It gives directions for ex- 
aminations in practical knowledge and science, to 
be held in connection with the triennial examina- 



tions in Chinese literature. The degrees obtained 
are to be held of equal merit with those obtained 
in the old way. The new subjects are divided into 
six heads. 

1. Home government — strategic places, things 
advantageous or disadvantageous to the State, dis- 
position and habits of the people, etc. 

2. Foreign intercourse — laws, politics and public 
affairs of all nations. 

3. Revenue — custom duties, mines, agriculture 
and commerce. 

4. Military and naval affairs. 

5. Physical science and mathematics — Chinese 
and western mathematics, philosophy, acoustics, 
light, electricity, etc. 

6. Practical arts — notably designs, models, meth- 
ods of manufacture and goods produced, etc. 

These are subjects on which written examinations 
are to be held, but it would seem that it is not con- 
sidered necessary to have studied all of these sub- 
jects. At each examination there are three trials, 
or entrances. The first is to be on the candidate's 
special branch. The second on topics of the times. 
The third on a text taken from the Chinese classics. 
It is held the first trial is much more important 
in winning a degree than the other two. In 
addition to these permanent examinations, there 
is to be a special examination here in Peking as 
soon as one hundred candidates of those who have 
passed the lowest grade shall have been recom- 
mended by the high officials of the empire. The 
emperor says that there is now urgent need of men 
of talent, and he urges the superintendents of the new 
schools and the pupils also to do all in their power 
to second the design of the emperor, to seek help 
outside the regular channel. This edict will give 
a great impulse to the desire for western learning. 
Cannot we improve the opportunity ? 



CHURCH ERECTION. 




AN AMERICAN CATHEDRAL. 

Last month we gave a sketch of one of the 
oldest, if not itself the oldest, of the primi- 
tive meeting-houses of New England. In 
contrast with the picture of " Old Hing- 
ham " then given, we think our readers will 
be interested in seeing an illustration of the 
most elaborate form of Protestant ecclesiasti- 
cal architecture in this country. 

The Protestant Episcopal Cathedral of 
St. John now building upon ' ' Morning Side 
Heights," overlooking the Hudson river at 
One-hundred -and-tenth street, New York, 
is designed to be the most beautiful church 
edifice in America. 

It would not be possible, even were it 
desirable, within the compass of this article, 
to give an elaborate or detailed description 
of the building, the general effect of which 
is plainly seen in the above picture. Of 
more interest to our readers will be the 
following words of Bishop Potter, giving his 



views of the need of such a building and of 
the influence he hopes it may exert. The 
quotations as well as the cut of the building 
are by the courtesy of the publishers taken 
from the May number of Munsey's Maga- 
zine : 

11 Our fathers — at any rate, the earliest 
and sturdiest of them — came to these shores 
in a mood of strong recoil from external ism 
in religion, of which here at any rate they 
declared they would have none. They were 
Puritans, they were Quakers, they were 
Huguenots: but whatever they were, they 
were weary and impatient of a conception 
of religion which made it consist largely in 
costly and splendid ceremonial, and in a 
pampered and indolent hierarchy. From 
these things and from everything that 
seemed to them to be identified with these 
things their revolt was vehement if not 
extravagant. And so we have or have had 
in America, whether in Puritan New Eng- 
land, or Presbyterian Virginia, or among 

35 



36 



AN AMERICAN CATHEDRAL — 1844-1898. 



[July, 



the Methodists and Baptists of the South 
and West, a certain stern impatience of the 
decorative in church architecture, and of all 
or almost all that was stately or splendid or 
costly in the structure and adornment of 
places of worship. 

" Am I misrepresenting what I may call 
the public or social manifestations of relig- 
ion, its organized expression, as it widely 
prevails among us, when I say that the 
Church, in the popular conception, consists 
mainly of a huge auditorium, with a plat- 
form and a more or less dramatic performer, 
and a congregational parlor, and a parish 
kitchen ? I recognize cordially the earnest 
purpose to get hold of people out of which 
most of this has come. But it is well to 
recognize something else, and that is that 
religion has never survived anywhere with- 
out the due recognition and conservation of 
the instinct of worship. That lies at the 
basis of it, always and everywhere. First, 
there must be something that moves us to 
that upward reaching thought out of which 
comes penitence, and prayer, and faith, and 
all the rest. But a diet kitchen will not do 
that, nor anything that appeals only to the 
utilitarian side of life. I appeal to any 
candid experience whether there is not, on 
the other hand, something else that does. 
I ask those who remember Rouen, or Dur- 
ham, or Salisbury, whether when first they 
entered some such noble sanctuary there 
was not that in its proportions, its arrange- 
ments, its whole atmosphere, which made it, 
in a sense that it had never been before, 
their impulse to kneel ? We may protest 
that this is mere religious sestheticism, and 
in one sense it is: but until we have 
divorced the soul and the body, the eye and 
the mind, the imagination and the senses, 
we cannot leave it out of account. 

" We Americans are said to be the most 
irreverent people in the world, and of the 
substantial truth of that accusation there 
cannot be the smallest doubt. But did it 
ever occur to us to ask how it has come 
about ? It is time to stop talking about the 
influence of Puritan traditions to descend- 
ants who are so remote from those tradi- 
tions as to be unable to distinguish between 
the austerity that hated ceremonialism 
and the debonair indifferentism that dis- 
misses the simplest elements of religious 
decorum. 

" We have little reverence because we 



have but a poor environment in which to 
learn it. The vast majority of church 
buildings in America are utterly unsugges- 
tive of the idea of worship. There is noth- 
ing in them to hush speech, to uncover the 
head, to bend the knee. And as a matter 
of fact, they were designed for nothing of 
the sort. They are expedients devised for 
a certain use, and that use is one which 
under any honest construction of it involves 
an utterly fragmentary conception of the 
Christian religion. 

" We are fond of speaking, on the one 
hand, of what is archaic and superan- 
nuated ; and of our cisatlantic wants and 
conditions as being, on the other hand, 
somehow absolutely unique and exceptional. 
But they are not. America wants, I sup- 
pose, honesty and integrity and faith quite 
as much and, indeed, rather more than she 
wants electric railways and a protective 
tariff. And if so, she wants the visible 
institutions which at once testify to and bear 
witness of these things and that in their 
most majestic and convincing proportions. ' ' 



1844-1898. 



The work now committed to the Board of 
Church Erection was inaugurated by the 
General Assembly (O. S.) in 1844, in 
response to the report of a special committee 
appointed the previous year, and from that 
time has been carried on without interrup- 
tion. At first the work was in charge of a 
committee of the Board of Domestic Mis- 
sions. This, however, gave place in 1855 
to an independent committee which five 
years later became the Board of Church 
Extension. In the New School branch of 
the Church the organized work was inaugu- 
rated in 1854, and the Board of the Church 
Erection Fund was incorporated by the 
Legislature of New York, March 31, 1855. 
At the reunion of the Church in 1870, the 
two Boards were consolidated under the cor- 
porate name of ' ' The Board of the Church 
Erection Fund of the General Assembly of 
the Presbyterian Church in the United States 
of America.' * 

In response to the request of the Commit- 
tee of Arrangements of the late General 
Assembly that the Board would take part 
in the " Exhibit" to be made at Winona 
of the progress of the Church, a chart was 
prepared designed to show the amount of 



1898.] 



MINISTERIAL RELIEF. 



37 



work accomplished by the Board during the 
fifty-four years of its organization. This 
chart, which was more than four feet 
square, was, with other illustrations, exhib- 
ited during the sessions of the Assembly 
in the " Cyclorama Building" upon the 
Winona grounds. 

It gives the number of appropriations 
and the number of churches aided in each 
State in each year since 1844, and also the 
total amount of appropriations, of payments 
and of the value of the property benefited. 
It is interesting to notice that the progress 
of the country is reflected in the constantly 
lengthening line of States as the years go 
by and that the episode of the sad Civil 
War is indicated by the vacant squares 
representing our Southern States in the 
years succeeding 1860. 



If a satisfactory photograph upon a 
sufficiently small scale can be obtained we 
will reproduce this interesting chart in a 
later number of the magazine, but a very 
brief summary of the results obtained may 
be here given and will prove of interest to 
our readers. During the fifty-four years 
there have been 7675 appropriations to 6305 
churches; the aggregate amount of these 
appropriations is $3,814,139, and of actual 
payments $3,495,471.02, while the value 
of the property secured to the Church is not 
less than $14,000,000. There has been 
through the half-century upon the whole a 
steady progress onward. In the first year 
there were forty-two appropriations in twelve 
different States; last year 213 appropria- 
tions distributed among thirty-six States and 
territories. 



MINISTERIAL RELIEF. 



THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 

The report of the Board of Relief met 
with a most cordial reception at the General 
Assembly at Winona Lake, Ind. A 
standing committee was appointed to con- 
sider and report to the Assembly upon the 
work of the Board for the ecclesiastical year 
ending March 31, 1898. Of this committee 
Rev. Dr. Henry C. McCook, chaplain of 
the Second Pennsylvania Regiment, was made 
chairman. He prepared a most excellent 
and interesting report, which you will find 
in this number of The Church at Home 
and Abroad. 

The Board was exceedingly happy in 
being able to report to the General Assem- 
bly that it had paid all appropriations in 
full for the past year and went to the 
Assembly free of debt. For this most 
desirable result, the glory is due to God who 
has blessed our unremitting efforts and 
graciously heard our prayers. 

Dr. McCook followed his report with a 
most effective address, and it cannot but do 
the hallowed cause of Ministerial Relief an 
incalculable amount of good to have such 
a report and such an address as came from 
the brain and heart of Chaplain McCook on 
behalf of this important Board. He said 
among 'other things that whilst the other 



Boards are looking out over the fields of 
battle, " here we are called to face the 
after- scenes of action. Here we deal with 
the weary, the injured, the disabled and 
those who have fallen by the way. This is 
the Church's sacred Hospice, over which 
floats the Red Cross of Pity. It is the Inn 
of the good Samaritan ; the Hotel des In- 
valides. where repose the heroic pensioners 
of the army of faith. Voices of labor and 
conflict and earthly ambitions here die away 
and the soft twilight of closing day falls 
upon the nook by the ingleside, where the 
venerable and beloved Levites await in com- 
fort the summons to their eternal reward in 
the perfect rest of heaven." 

Dr. John R. Davies followed Dr. Mc- 
Cook in a soul -stirring address, urging upon 
all ministers and church sessions to see to it 
that all our churches contribute generously 
and magnanimously to this deserving cause, 
showing that our great Church cannot afford 
to be indifferent to the righteous claims of 
the worn-out workers of the Church. 

Mr. Henry W. Lambirth, a ruling elder 
from Philadelphia, said, " We are told that 
there are over 4000 churches that contributed 
to this Board, 594 more than ever contrib- 
uted to this cause in any previous year, but 
3000 churches did not contribute a dollar 
last year. My brother elders, are any of 



38 



REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON BOARD OF MINISTERIAL RELIEF. 



[July, 



these churches in your presbytery that did 
not contribute last year to this Board ? I 
ask you, in view of the needs of this great 
work, that you will see to it when you go 
home that your churches all contribute to 
this most interesting and deserving cause." 
Rev. Richard Mayers, of South Carolina, 
a colored man, began to speak, and some 
one called " louder," and he replied, " I 
will speak loud enough when I get warmed 
up," and so he did; but I have been think- 
ing a great deal about his remark. If our 
pastors and elders would only get ' ' warmed 
up " on this holy cause, they would all 
" speak loud enough " to be heard by all 
their people, and if the people hear of the 
needs and deserts of the honored men of 
God who are cut off from all means of sup- 
port, they would do their duty and fill the 
treasury of the Board. 



REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON 

BOARD OF MINISTERIAL 

RELIEF. 

The Standing Committee on Ministerial 
Relief begs leave to present the following 
resolutions and recommendations : 

1. The Assembly learns with pleasure 
that the Board of Ministerial Relief has 
entered its convenient and beautiful quar- 
ters in the Witherspoon Building, Philadel- 
phia ; and while congratulating this Board 
upon the change, acknowledges its obliga- 
tions to the Board of Publication and 
Sabbath-school Work, and to the friends 
who have contributed the office furnishings, 
thus enabling the Board of Ministerial 
Relief to enter its new home without draw- 
ing upon its funds. 

2. The Assembly notes with great satis- 
faction the increase in the number of con- 
tributing churches during the past year, 
there having been 594 more than any pre- 
vious year ; also the increase in contributions 
which has enabled the Board to close this 
fiscal year without debt, and at the same 
time pay to its annuitants the amount of 
the twenty -five per cent, reduction which it 
had been necessary to announce a year ago. 
The collections have been greater during the 
past year by 19073.42 from churches and 
Sabbath-schools, and by 81820.50 from in- 
dividuals, an aggregate increase of 810,- 
$93, 92 over last year. There have also been 



received unrestricted legacies amounting to 
$27, 893. 74. The last-named source of in- 
come is an inconstant quantity, and cannot 
be relied upon. The only certain source, 
outside of the permanent fund, is the healthy 
and regular increase in the gifts of the living 
Church to meet the increasing demands of 
the work. 

3. The churches are reminded that the 
Permanent Fund of over one and one-half 
million of dollars, large as it seems, fur- 
nishes less than one-half the required 
income for the aid of annuitants, viz., 869,- 
123, leaving $109,847 to be raised by the 
churches. While the income from invested 
funds is subject to decrease, following the 
general tendency of investments, the 
advancing yearly increase in the payments 
of the Board has been nearly $6000 
($5856). It is therefore manifest that the 
possession of an endowment cannot absolve 
the churches from the continued urgency for 
increased liberality. 

4. The Assembly is constrained to call 
serious attention to the startling fact that 
during the decade between 1888 and 1897, 
the number of annuitants increased from 
564 to 835, sixty- seven and seven-tenths 
per cent. The amount contributed by the 
churches on the contrary decreased from 
$98,922 per year to $74,091, or about 
twenty-five percent. It is plain that unless 
this great disproportion between the two 
factors of demand and supply shall be 
overcome by increasing gifts, either the 
number of annuitants or the amount appro- 
priated to them must be diminished. Even 
the increase of the current fiscal year does 
not break the force of this alarming state- 
ment, for the number of annuitants has 
grown from 835 in 1897 to 875 in 1898, 
involving an expenditure nearly equal to 
the increase in church contributions. 

5. In view of these facts the Assembly 
most earnestly and affectionately asks the 
synods, presbyteries, sessions and especially 
the pastors of churches, to consider the facts 
printed in the annual report of the Board, 
and to give a full presentation of them in 
the judicatories of the Church and before 
the people. It is believed that if the con- 
gregations were informed of the exact con- 
dition of things, and of the imperative need 
for increasingly larger collections, the Board 
of Ministerial Relief would be able to care 
adequately for the aged and honored minis- 



1898.] 



REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON BOARD OF MINISTERIAL RELIEF. 



39 



ters and missionaries and their dependent 
households. No cause could appeal more 
tenderly to the hearts and consciences of 
the people. The Assembly urges pastors to 
preach upon this subject, and to enforce the 
claims of our Church's venerable and help- 
less wards; and it i3 believed that the facts 
will appeal potently to the generosity of 
hearers. 

6. The Assembly also urges pastors to 
call attention to the fact that the work of 
the Board of Ministerial Relief is not con- 
fined exclusively to ministering men. 
Among the annuitants the ministering 
women, missionaries both home and foreign, 
and the widows of clergymen, considerably 
outnumber the men. Here is afield where- 
in " woman's work for woman " may have 
abundant exercise. While money is the 
chief requirement, boxes of clothing and 
household supplies will go far to piece out 
the scanty income of many families. 

7. The Assembly commends the course of 
the Board in securing a thorough audit of 
its books, by expert professional accountants, 
and is gratified that the report of the ex- 
perts, extending over two fiscal years, ending 
March 31, 1898, shows that the accounts 
of the treasurer have been carefully, 
correctly and creditably kept. This gives 
assurance of the security of the Permanent 
Fund, and that the Church's current con- 
tributions will be cared for with fidelity. 

8. The Assembly notes with regret that 
the sad event foreshadowed by the sickness 
of the emeritus secretary, Dr. William C. 
Cattell, has befallen, and that this eminent 
father of the Church and faithful secretary 
of the Board of Ministerial Relief, and 
devoted friend of its helpless, venerable 
dependents, has fallen on sleep. Attention 
is called to the commemorative resolutions 
adopted by the Board and printed in this 
year's report (p. 13), and the Assembly 
expresses cordial sympathy with the members 
thereof in the great loss sustained by it and 
by the Church, in the removal from earth of 
his beloved servant of God and helper of 
his fellow -men. To Dr. Cattell, the Board 
of Ministerial Relief is indebted, in large 
degree, for the present healthful state of its 
finances, and the deep and tender interest 
felt in its work. The movement to promote 
especial interest among elders in the Board's 



work was one of his happy thoughts, and 
went far to deepsn sympathy throughout the 
Church and a sense of responsibility to- 
ward its superannuated ministers and their 
families. Although the Assembly of last 
year fully expressed its appreciation of this 
man greatly beloved, this Assembly is 
prompted to render this tribute to one who 
has done such worthy service to the Church, 
and to its most dependent wards. " Inas- 
much as ye have done it unto one of the 
least of these, ye have done it unto me." 

9. The committee would call the Assem- 
bly's attention to the following By-Laws, 
printed on p. 10 of the report, which relate 
simply to the routine work of the various 
committees of the Board, and would 
respectfully recommend approval of the 
same. 

10. The committee having carefully 
examined the minutes of the Board finds 
them correct and kept with unusual care, 
and recommends their approval by the 
General Assembly. 

11. It is recommended that the following 
directors, whose term expires at this meeting 
of the Assembly, be reelected, viz. : Rev. 
Henry E. Niles, D.D., Rev. Marcus A. 
Brownson, D.D. , George Junkin, Esq., 
LL.D., A. Charles Barclay, Esq.; also, 
that the following new members be elected, 
viz. : Francis Olcott Allen, Esq., of Phila- 
delphia, to fill the vacancy caused by the 
resignation of Mr. Robert C. Ogden, and 
Robert H. Smith, Esq., of Baltimore, Md., 
to fill the place of Mr. Joseph M. Colling- 
wood, resigned on account of the condition 
of his health. 

" I hereby certify that the above is a 
correct copy of the action of the General 
Assembly. 

"William H. Roberts, 

"Stated Clerk." 

From the foregoing report the reader will 
see that the Board of Relief has the fullest 
confidence and warmest approbation of the 
General Assembly ; and such being the case, 
will you not earnestly pray that God's rich- 
est blessing may rest upon this hallowed 
cause, and will you not consider it a sweet 
privilege and sacred duty to make a gener- 
ous contribution to its treasury during the 
current year? 



PUBLICATION AND SABBATH-SCHOOL WORK. 




Sabbath-school Institute in West Virginia. 



A YEAR'S RETROSPECT. 

Id the rush and hurry of present affairs 
we are too apt to miss the advantages 
arising from retrospection. Wisely, there- 
fore, does every business corporation call 
upon its officers every year for an annual 
report, that the same may be carefully 
studied with a view to good management and 
profit. A Board of the Church is, in one 
sense, a business corporation, and it is its 
duty to obtain from its officers and present 
to the Church every year a full statement of 
its doings. Some persons may not take 
much interest in such statements, but it is 
fair to presume that others will, and that 
40 



the information they thus become possessed 
of will serve to guide them in disposing of 
their gifts to the cause of Christ. Nay, 
ought it not to be regarded by every Chris- 
tian a duty as well as a privilege to become 
acquainted, as far as opportunity may allow, 
with the principal features and facts con- 
nected with the missionary and benevolent 
Boards of his Church ? As the reading 
through of extended reports, however, is 
not always practicable, and, even if it were, 
might prove to be a heavy tax upon time 
and patience, it is well to have access to 
concise summaries, such as the one we now 
present relative to the Presbyterian Board 
of Publication and Sabbath-school Work. 



1898.] 



A YEARS RETROSPECT. 



41 



NOTABLE EXPERIENCES. 

To begin then, this Board has, during the 
past year, passed through two notable expe- 
riences. It has removed from 1334 Chest- 
nut street, Philadelphia, where for more 
than a quarter of a century it had its head- 
quarters, to the new and stately Wither- 
spoon Building, which it has caused to be 
erected on Walnut street. It has also 
passed through a serious fire, in which two 
of its employes besides some eighteen other 
persons lost their lives. This sad casualty 
occurred in Chicago, where the Board had 
a depository on the fifth floor of a large 
building on Wabash avenue. Beyond the 
loss of life, which is, of course, in a sense, 
irreparable, the Board was not a great 
sufferer by the fire, owing to its carrying a 
full line of insurance. The work of reha- 
bilitation was promptly started, new quarters 
were secured, presses were set to work, and 
the business went on as usual. 

A good description of the new building 
in Philadelphia appeared in the November 
number of this magazine, from the pen of 
Dr. Nelson, the former editor. It is there- 
fore only necessary to add that after half a 
year's occupancy by the various depart- 
ments of this Board and the other Church 
Boards and agencies located therein, there 
appears to be every reason for satisfaction at 
the change. Not only is ample accommoda- 
tion provided for all these purposes, but a 
large rental also comes in from the hundred 
and forty offices, more or less, not required 
by the Church, and it is reasonably calcu- 
lated that from this source alone, after 
paying all the running expenses and inter- 
est, the mortgage debt of 8500,000 will be 
fully liquidated in from ten to fifteen years. 

REMOVALS BY DEATH. 

During the year, one of the members of 
the Board—the Rev. R. H. Fulton, D.D. 
— and one of the missionaries — the Rev. 
G. G. Matheson, of Minnesota — have 
passed from their earthly labors to the better 
country, leaving behind them precious 
memories. 

WORK OF THE BOARD. 

Passing to the work of the Board, it 
appears that the Business department closed 
the year ending March 31, 1898, with net 
profits amounting to $31,047.04. This is 
an increase of §4680.19 over the profits of 



the previous year — a very gratifying feature 
of the report. Two-thirds of the net profits 
of the business are paid over annually to 
the Sabbath-school and Missionary depart- 
ment. The Board has published during 
the year twenty-two new books and book- 
lets, besides new edition, tracts, and 
periodicals, the total issue being 45,049,691 
copies. It has given away in free libraries 
to deserving churches, Sabbath -schools and 
ministers, 9513 volumes, which added to the 
number given away during the six years 
since the commencement of this free distri- 
bution make a grand total of 89,220 vol- 
umes thus distributed. It is contemplated 
to continue these donations for the present 
to deserving applicants coming within the 
conditions on which the grants are made. 
The Editorial department promises to add 
one more to its long and excellent list of 
periodicals, in the shape of a quarterly 
publication to be known as The Home 
Department Quarterly, the first number of 
which is to appear on the 1st of next 
October. 

FINANCIAL ASPECTS OF THE MISSIONARY 
WORK. 

The missionary work has been carried on 
with ceaseless activity and with encourag- 
ing success. It is, of course, known to the 
reader, that this work is entirely distinct 
from the Business department of the Board. 
For reasons which have commended them- 
selves to the Church, the Sabbath-school 
missionary and educational work is com- 
mitted to this particular Board, which, as 
just stated, pays over to it every year two- 
thirds of its net profits; but not one cent of 
the money contributed for the missionary 
work is used by the Board as capital, or for 
the free distribution of libraries or any 
other purpose. Last year the benevolent 
contributions aggregated $89,499.98, to 
which was added the interest on invested 
legacies and current accounts, the profits of 
books sold by missionaries, and two-thirds 
of the net profits of the business of the 
Board, making the total receipts of the 
year 8114,845.62. There was a falling off 
in the contributions, as compared with last 
year, of $2891.09, which was happily more 
than offset by the increase in the profits 
paid over by the Business department, 
though even with this addition the income 
shows only a slight increase over that of the 



42 



A YEAR'S RETROSPECT. 



[July, 



previous year and is less by over ten thou- 
sand dollars than the average income from 
1892 to 1896. In 1895 the contributions 
reached $97,518.23, from which they 
dropped in the next year to 893,820.14, in 
the year following to $92,391.09, and in 
the year just ended to $89,499.98. 

Surely, these facts should awaken interest 
and stimulate benevolence. 

WORK ON THE FIELD. 

Turning to the active work of the mis- 
sionaries—now numbering seventy-six — we 
find that twenty-nine States and Territories 
have had the benefit of their services, and 
that the number of Sabbath -schools organ- 
ized or reorganized by them during the year 
was 1340. There were ninety more new 
organizations than last year. An army of 
51,414 children and teachers were gathered 
into these new schools, being 911 more 
than last year. Thus, though the streams 
of benevolence have been diminishing, God 
has been pleased to make the fruition 
greater, as if to encourage the givers to 
give more liberally and the workers to work 
more earnestly. 

The organization and reorganization of 
Sabbath-schools, though the primary object, 
is by no means the only branch of work 
carried on. As set forth in the report, our 
missionaries spend much time in building up 
and developing the mission schools, making 
them centres of Christian activity, precur- 
sors of the prayer meeting, the revival 
meeting, the regular preaching service, the 
Young People's Society, Home Department 
work, the church organization and other 
evangelistic agencies. The missionaries 
also visit from house to house with supplies 
of Bibles, tracts, and the periodicals issued 
by the Board, and in this way most effec- 
tually carry out the commands of the 
Saviour: " Go out into the highways and 
hedges and compel them to come in, that 
my house may be filled." In this close 
personal service the missionaries travel on 
foot, on horseback, or in wagon, many 
thousands of miles every year. They also 
make a special feature of Bible institute 
work, or the gathering of schools for com- 
petitive examination in Bible knowledge 
and appropriate public exercises. The 
readers of this article will have the pleas- 
ure of looking upon a picture which illus- 
trates this phase of mission work. 



BRIEF REPORTS FKOM MISSIONARIES. 

The report is enriched by a collection of 
brief letters from missionaries in different 
parts of the field, and it is gratifying to 
notice in all of them evidences of spiritual 
success attending their labors. Thus from 
California Mr. McBurney writes: " I think 
there is more active interest and encourage- 
ment all along the line than ever before. ' ' 
From Colorado Mr. Powell writes: " In no 
synod is there more cause for joy or grati- 
tude than in this — the increase in number 
of schools organized, families visited, and in 
all other field statistics is marked." So 
in Illinois: " We have been able to make 
greater progress than ever before." In 
Iowa Mr. Ferguson reports five churches 
growing out of the work during the past 
year, and great successes in winning con- 
verts from the world. In Kansas three 
churches were developed from the work, in 
Indian Territory forty-three schools were 
organized or reorganized, and in the South 
among the colored people six churches have 
been developed. From Michigan Mr. Hart- 
ness writes: " Presbyterian Sabbath-school 
missionary work has shown itself more than 
ever this year to be ' the power of God 
unto salvation.' " Mr. Sulzer, from Min- 
nesota, writes that, " like the recruiting of 
a great army, the work is filling up the 
ranks and occupying important points all 
along the line." " More than a hundred 
churches have grown out of our work in 
Minnesota during the past ten years." In 
Missouri and Arkansas our four missionaries 
have organized eighty-three schools during 
the year. Mr. Ellis, our solitary represen- 
tative in the great and growing State of 
Montana, reports forty -three new schools 
organized during the year besides twenty -six 
reorganizations and thirty-nine Home De- 
partments. The six brethren in Nebraska 
organized 132 new schools, reorganized 
thirty-five, and started twenty-one Home 
Departments, and three Presbyterian 
churches have grown out of the work. Mr. 
Manson, in North Dakota, reports seven new 
churches, and Mr. Grant, in South Dakota, 
says that Sabbath-school institutes have been 
a special feature of the work in his State. 
In West Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky 
the work advances steadily. In Wisconsin 
Mr. Brown reports ninety-one schools and 
ten churches as the direct outgrowth during 



1898.] 



ACTION OP THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 



43 



the year, and in the far Western regions of 
Oregon, Washington, Utah, Nevada and 
Wyoming the labors of our brethren have 
also been greatly blessed. 

EDUCATIONAL FEATURES. 

The educational features of Presbyterian 
Sabbath -school Work occupy several pages 



of the report, and are of striking interest. 
They have, however, in part been antici- 
pated by our article in the June number on 
the " Presbyterian System of Sabbath- 
school Work," and the limits of our space 
prevent our dwelling further on this inter- 
esting topic at the present time. 



COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES. 



ACTION OF THE GENERAL AS- 
SEMBLY. 

FIFTEEN YEARS' WORK. 

The Board of Aid for Colleges and Acad- 
emies is the youngest child of our sisterhood 
of cooperative service. While our Home 
Mission Board will soon celebrate its centen- 
nial, and our Foreign Board is passing on 
to its three-score and ten, this agency of the 
Church has only just completed a decade 
and a half of service. Considering its 
years and its opportunities, it has done 
much. During this period almost a million 
and a half of dollars have passed through 
its hands for the upbuilding of Christian 
education. It has occupied nearly one-half 
our States and Territories, it has aided 
almost three-score institutions, it has con- 
trolled for the Church property of educa- 
tional agencies amounting to a million 
dollars, and it has afforded educational 
advantages to an aggregate enrollment of 
nearly fifty thousand students. 

TRIAL AND TRIUMPH. 

It is extremely gratifying to be able to 
report that the past year, in spite of its 
great trial to this Board, has been one of 
advance, in fact, its most prosperous year. 
During the past twelve months it has aided 
twenty-eight institutions containing an 
increased number of students, aggregating 
nearly 3000. It has been aided by 190 
more churches than during the previous 
year, and by forty-one more church organi- 
zations. The great cloud which settled 
down upon the character of one who has 
been fittingly styled " The Board's Nursing 
Mother ' ' has not settled upon the Board or 
its work. Your committee knows that it is 



only voicing the positive conviction of all 
who have examined into the situation when 
it says that the embezzlement of Mr. 
Charnley, with its peculiarly distressing 
character, is no cause whatever for lack of 
confidence in the Board. Your committee 
would congratulate the Board and the 
Church that this has been already said in 
the most thorough-going, effective and 
unquestionable manner by churches and 
individuals, in the magnificent way in which 
these have rallied to the support of the 
Board with their hearty and large gifts. It 
has been demonstrated, we believe, during 
the past year, that the value placed by 
churches and individual givers upon the 
work of the Board is not only greater, but 
has become greater because of its very loss 
and peril. The increased number of givers 
and the increased total of gifts, the fact 
that the Board has done its work, kept its 
pledges, without using any of its ordinary 
income, has practically replaced its embez- 
zled funds, and closed the year without a 
deficit — these things in themselves are 
indorsement enough. Why should your 
committee add words ? 

SURPRISING EXPENSES. 

The Church has a right to expect and find 
economical business administration in the 
conduct of her affairs. Your committee 
have been surprised at the showing of your 
Board in this regard. It goes without say- 
ing that no single year can be taken as a 
basis of comparison without emphasizing 
the fact that unexpected expenses may arise, 
and peculiar difficulties present themselves 
in the administration of any Board, but 
when it is discovered that the salaries of 
your Board of Aid during the past year 



44 



ACTION OF THE GENERAL A89EMBLY. 



[July, 



were but four per cent, of total income, 
only one other Board coming very slightly 
below this, while its total expenses were but 
six per cent, of total income, only one 
Board standing with it on this economical 
level, while the year has been for it one of 
peculiar trial and expense, we feel confident 
that the Board of Aid should be marked 
with the words, " Close economy." We 
desire to add that its methods of business 
statement, as disclosed in reports of secre- 
tary, treasurer and the records of its 
proceedings, are clear, concise, satisfactory, 
economical of time, yet not lacking in 
information. 

WHY THE CHURCH REQUIRES THE BOARD. 

Your committee desire to call especial 
attention to the evident reasons why the 
Church requires the service of its Board of 
Aid, as these are disclosed in what it is 
actually doing. It were unnecessary to 
dwell upon the relation of the cause of 
education to the progress of any Church, 
not to mention the peculiar history of the 
Presbyterian Church in this regard. This 
Church has always laid hold of the upbuild- 
ing forces of education in the progress of 
her history. To-day as truly as in the past 
she needs an educated ministry and an 
educated laity. She believes in thinking, 
in being able judiciously, fairly and truly 
to weigh thought as thought in all depart- 
ments of life, and not least in church 
activity and church procedure. It is in 
connection with the fostering of this educa- 
tional advance in a Christian atmosphere 
that the peculiar wisdom of this Board in its 
workings is disclosed. The Board is a 
check upon mere promiscuous solicitation of 
benevolence on the part of merely enthusi- 
astic sentiment. It is an agent of organized 
educational charity. The Board gives 
expression to the prudence and good judg- 
ment of the Church in avoiding unwise 
location of educational agencies so apt to be 
the outcome of local pride or provincial 
measurements of magnitude. The Board 
acts for the Church in laying down the 
ethics of comity within the denomination 
and among the denominations. It acts for 
the Church in endeavoring to bring into 
wise relation to each other the benevolence 
of the State in the realm of education and 
that of the private Christian individual, so 
that together these may preempt, in wise 



and proper relations to each other, the 
territory which belongs in common in our 
land to Church and State. Your Board 
avoids waste and loss of gifts because these 
may not be properly guarded. The insur- 
ance policy and the mortgage become Chris- 
tian business securities for the perpetuity of 
educational forces. Your Board not only 
teaches to avoid debt, that destroyer of 
religious harmony and enemy of all success, 
but it compels its avoidance. Your Board 
sets itself against low-grade culture and the 
decoration of ignorance with conceit. 
Your Board stimulates to local effort for the 
best things in the community where local 
effort is wise; it stimulates along lines of 
economical prudence and self-denying com- 
mon sense the increase of educational 
benevolence. This is the faith of your 
Board not only stated in its resolutions and 
requirements, but seen in its works. 

In conclusion, your committee present the 
following recommendations for your action: 

ENFORCING REGULATIONS. 

1. "We recommend that this Assembly 
indorse the Board of Aid for its faithful 
enforcement of its judicious regulations 
regarding colleges and academies under its 
care touching economy, financial security, 
comity, efficiency and high standards of 
work, and enjoin upon it to continue to 
enforce these with impartial good judgment. 

PLAN FOR CLASSIFICATION. 

2. We recommend that the Board of Aid 
put into working order at the earliest feasi- 
ble moment its admirable plan for classifica- 
tion of the institutions under its care. 

EDUCATION DAY. 

3. We recommend that the Assembly 
urge upon the churches a continued and 
increased observance of Education Day as 
calculated to bring about large results 
peculiarly suited to the genius of the Pres- 
byterian Church. 

$150,000. 

4. Following the custom of standing 
committees of preceding years, we recom- 
mend that the General Assembly advise the 
raising of $150,000 during the current year 
in gifts from its churches, as separate from 
the contributions of private benevolence, 
and that to this end a largely increased 
number of churches make a stated offering 
to this cause. 



FREEDMEN 



EXTRACTS FROM DR. SPENCER'S 
REPORT. 

The recent General Assembly at Winona 
appointed Rev. Dr. Willard K. Spencer, of 
Adrian, Mich., chairman of the Standing 
Committee on Freedmen. The following 
extracts from his report are given as matters 
of interest and information: 

THE BOARD COMMENDED. 

" The Board deserves commendation for 
its earnest attempt to realize the hope 
expressed a year ago, that the debt resting 
upon it might be diminished. Economy has 
been exercised to the extreme limit in every 
department of the work. In administra- 
tion expense has been reduced as much as 
possible — the Board continuing to dispense 
with the salaries of the treasurer and field 
secretary, while in the field itself all growth 
has been forbidden. No churches have 
been organized ; fourteen schools have been 
closed; the school year has been held at the 
shortened term of six months in most of the 
schools. Even necessary repairs upon 
property have not been made, because there 
was no money with which to make them. 
Nor is this simply the story of one year. 
The Board has spent less this last year than 
in any of the nine years preceding, and still 
the debt has not been reduced. It has even 
been increased $1787, for the reason that 
the Board's income from all sources has also 
been less than in any of the nine preceding 
years." 

CONDITION OF THE TREASURY. 

" During the past year the Board has 
received from all sources $128,900, a part 
of which was to be invested in the Perma- 
nent Fund, or was designated for some work 
not expected by the Board, and yet of such 
a nature that it could not be objected to. It 
had cash on hand April 1, 1897, $1413.47, 
making total money in its treasury for the 
year, $130,313.47. During the same time 
it has expended for all purposes, including 
the payment of annuities and investment of 
gifts for the Permanent Fund, $131,515.96, 



and April 1, 1898, cash on hand, $585.01. 
It reports a present debt of $58,062.50." 

LOCATING RESPONSIBILITY. 

" This situation is a great disappoint- 
ment, but cannot be charged as a reproach 
against the Board. The Presbyterian 
Church is the party at fault. It has not 
supplied the funds, and must not attempt to 
shift the responsibility from its shoulders. 
The debt with which we are confronted 
to-day is the accumulated consequence of 
many years of the Church's apathy. In 
1893 the debt stood at $25,000, and since 
then it has been growing at the average rate 
of $6000. The last year's deficit of $1787 
is due to the unusual decrease in legacies, 
some $2000 less having been received from 
this source than in any time of the last ten 
years, and it is but just to say that had 
certain legacies, which were in process of 
payment when the year closed, been received 
by the Board, the balance would have been 
upon the credit side of the books. These 
deferred payments will be made this present 
year. ' ' 

ENCOURAGEMENTS. 

" Encouragement may be found in the 
fact that 4490 churches have directly, or 
through their various societies, contributed 
to the Board this year. This is a gain of 
232 over last year. The directly contribu- 
ting churches were 3837, a gain of 198. 
Women's societies, 2124, a gain of 319. 
Young People's Societies, 365, a gain of 
109. Sunday-schools, 549, a gain of 80. 
The increase in money received from these 
sources was $6138.70. The amount given 
on the field for self-support, which has not 
passed through the Board's treasury, was 
$65,975.01, from the following sources: 
From the Freedmen' s churches, $34,562.57; 
from tuition of pupils in Freedmen s 
schools, $31,412.44." 

CONCLUSIONS. 

" Enough has been said to show two 
things. First, by severe retrenchment the 

45 



46 



EXTRACTS PROM DR. SPENCER'S REPORT. 



[July, 



Board has reached a self-supporting basis. 
With its present income it cannot enlarge 
the work, but the work as now carried on 
can be maintained, if the debt is paid. 
Second, further retrenchment cannot be made 
without periling the very existence of the 
Board. Churches might indeed be closed, 
and congregations left without the preaching 
of the gospel, and so the $10 or $15 a 
month that the Board gives toward the 
salary of a preacher might be saved. 
Parochial schools might be abandoned, and 
children robbed of their only means of 
gaining the rudiments of an education. 
We might shut our higher schools, and send 
back to ignorance, superstition and immo- 
rality, the young men and women who have 
been gathered for training as the future 
leaders of their people. But this is aban- 
donment, rather than prosecution of the 
work, and such a course will never be 
thought of by the Presbyterian Church. 
The only question to be considered is, How 
shall the existing debt be paid, and the 
work wisely carried on ? " 

OBLIGATIONS. 

" To abandon the work is disloyal both 
to the nation and to Christ. There are 
10,000,000 Negroes in our land, 300 colored 
children are born every day to American 
citizenship — the grandest, yet most respon- 
sible heritage that ever comes to any human 
being. For the nation's sake these 
10,000,000 must be educated. The Christ 
who died for them demands that they be 
given the gospel of his love. 

" To allow the debt to continue impeding 
the labors of the Board is unnecessary, 
unbusinesslike, and a confession of indiffer- 
ence or impotence. The money paid for 
interest alone would open twenty churches 
at new points." 

SIGNIFICANT FACTS. 

" And right here some very significant 
facts stare us in the face. It was spoken 
of as a cause of thankfulness that 4490 
churches — a gain over last year of 232 — 
had directly or indirectly contributed to the 
Freedmen's cause. But when it is said 
that 3800 churches made no direct offering, 
3200 did not contribute in any manner to 
the Board, the volume of our thanks shrinks 
not a little. It will of course be admitted 
that many of the non-contributing churches 



are small, perhaps pastorless. But a study 
of the ' Minutes ' of 1897 has caused the 
committee large surprise." 

SMALL CHURCHES NOT TO BLAME. 

" By no means a small percentage of the 
churches that have contributed nothing 
directly or indirectly to this cause are strong 
and well manned, and in many other cases 
the contribution is pitifully small, evidently 
made for the sake of filling the blank. 
Take for example the record of the presby- 
teries chosen at random. 

" In one the only church which reported 
no contribution to the Freedmen had nearly 
1500 members. 

" A church of 210 members gave $4, 
one of 257 gave $4, one of 400 gave $5, 
one of 119 gave $2, one of 380 gave $3, 
one of 222 gave $9, one of 750 gave $5. 

" In another presbytery, among the 
churches contributing nothing to the Freed- 
men's Board were the following : A church 
of 249 members, another of 103, another 
of 1251, another of 673, another of 441, 
another of 107, another of 400, another of 
791, another of 148. 

" Some of the other churches in this 
presbytery making nominal contributions to 
the Board were of the following strength : 
A church of 400 members gave $15, 281 
members gave $2, 200 members gave $5, 
989 members gave $5, 311 members gave 
$2, 334 members gave $12, 298 members 
gave $5, 1218 members gave $15. 

" Evidently facts do not justify the asser- 
tion that all the non-supporting churches 
are either weak or without pastors. Now if 
by any method the latent power of this part 
of our denomination can be developed and 
applied to the support of the Freedmen's 
Board, the question of the debt will have 
been solved, and a permanent addition made 
to the Board's ability." 

CAN IT BE DONE? 

" An average contribution of twenty 
cents from each of the 960,000 members 
of the Church will wipe out the debt, and 
in addition provide ample means for the 
year's work at the present rate of expendi- 
ture. Twenty cents a member is all the 
Board will ask from each congregation for 
the whole work among the 10,000,000 
colored people. To raise this twenty cents 
a member each congregation can combine its 



1898.] 



THE BOARD OF EDUCATION BEFORE THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 



47 



Sabbath offerings, the gift of its Sabbath - 
school, and its Young People's Society, and 
the contribution of its Women's Missionary 
Society. 

" The task is manifestly in our power. 
Surely the Church needs but to be sum- 
moned to the task to see the duty clearly set 
before it, and the labor fairly apportioned 
among its workers, to have a leader who 
will be patient, persistent and enthusiastic, 
and the work will be accomplished. 

" The leader we already have in the 
efficient secretary of the Board who waits 
for authority and orders from this Assem- 
bly. As to the method, your committee 
believes that success will be final by utilizing 
the presbyterial committees, making a stren- 
uous effort to reach the n on- contributing 
and nominally contributing churches, appor- 
tioning definite amounts to individual pres- 
byteries, and through them to the local 
congregations, and taking as a campaign 
cry, 'An average offering of twenty cents 



a member from every congregation of the 
Church.'" 

assembly's resolutions. 

" Resolved, 1. That the minutes of the 
Board for 1897 and 1898 be approved by 
the Assembly. 

" Resolved, 2. That Rev. Solon Cobb, 
D.D., Rev. David R. Breed, D.D., Mr. 
George Logan and Mr. S. P. Harbison, 
members of the Board whose terms expire 
with this Assembly, be reelected as their 
own successors. 

" Resolved, 3. That the Board of Freed- 
men be instructed to conduct its work 
during the present year within the limit of 
last year's expenditures. 

" Resolved, 4. That the Board acting 
through the presbyterial committees make 
enthusiastic and persistent effort to secure 
an offering from every congregation in the 
Church, equaling at least an average of 
twenty cents from each communicant." 



EDUCATION. 



THE BOARD OF EDUCATION 

BEFORE THE GENERAL 

ASSEMBLY. 

The annual report of the Board was 
referred, according to custom, to the Stand- 
ing Committee on Education. The courte- 
ous chairman of the committee was the 
Rev. Thomas D. Wallace, D.D., of 
Chicago. The report made tender allusion 
to the death of the beloved Dr. Poor, for 
seventeen years corresponding secretary of 
the Board ; and also to the loss which the 
membership has sustained by the death of 
Mr. Andrew Blair, who served the Board 
with great zeal and ability from the time of 
his election in 1886 to the close of his life. 
The Board hopes to find no small addition 
to its strength in the new members added 
at this time, Rev. John Spar hawk Jones, 
D.D., pastor of Calvary Church, Philadel- 
phia, and Charles P. Turner, M D., of 
the Arch Street Church in the same city. 

It was made very plain by the report that 
the Board had not been instrumental in 



unwisely multiplying candidates for the 
ministry. Circumstances, in fact, had 
rather compelled a policy of discourage- 
ment. The number of candidates enrolled 
under care during the year was only 814, 
as compared with 1037 in 1896. The 814 
were composed of 661 men holding over 
from the previous year and 153 new men. 
The amount given to the students to aid 
them in the prosecution of their studies was 
somewhat larger than in the previous year. 

The committee showed much interest in 
the disposition manifested by some indi- 
viduals, churches and Sabbath- schools to 
provide scholarships for individual candi- 
dates. It was seen that a more generous 
provision is thus made for the candidate, 
that contributions are largely increased, 
and more intelligently given, while a per- 
sonal interest is excited in the welfare and 
progress of the young student by means of 
frequent reports of his standing furnished 
by his instructors, and by the record of his 
successful work when he enters upon his 
ministry. During the year eighteen scholar- 



48 



THE BOARD OF EDUCATION BEFORE THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 



[July, 



ships of one hundred dollars each were thus 
given, besides one of one hundred and fifty- 
dollars, and the already established New- 
berry Scholarship yielding about five hun- 
dred, and a number of smaller special 
contributions. These scholarships are 
given to candidates selected by the contrib- 
utors for various reasons, sometimes as 
coming from their own church or presby- 
tery, but the Newberry scholarship is 
awarded after a competitive examination. 

It is an interesting fact that the two last 
Newberry scholars were sons of home 
missionaries, and that they have both, at the 
conclusion of their special studies, devoted 
themselves to mission worh, one on the home 
field and one on the foreign. The first 
Newberry scholar was chosen from Lane 
Seminary, the second from McCormick, and 
the third from Auburn. Preparations are 
now in progress for the selection of the fourth 
from Princeton. 

The frequent reports received by the 
Board from professors with regard to the 
conduct and scholarship of the candidates 
keep it in close touch with their progress 
and standing. 

It was very pleasant to find that 526 candi- 
dates out of 762, for whom reports had been 
received, were marked either "high" in 
scholarship, or in somewhat near approxima- 
tion to that standard. Many of those whose 
marks are lower have been handicapped by 
' ' conditions ' ' or overpressed by necessary 
labors to secure funds for support. They 
may distance the others in the end. 

Quite a number of candidates for the 
ministry have been tempted to turn aside 
from theology to take up the study of medi- 
cine. Such alluring accounts have been 
given of the opportunities of usefulness, 
and of the boundlessness of the field for this 
blessed work of relief, that it is not strange 
that our young men should yield to its 
influence. A. conference with the secreta- 
ries of the Board of Foreign Missions has 
developed the fact that, under existing 
conditions, that Board is not likely to be 
able to send out more than two medical 
missionaries per annum on the average. It 
seems to be important, therefore, to warn 
our candidates for the ministry, that they 
should not give up theology for medicine 
without the clearest indications of talent for, 
and a call to, the work of medical missions. 
At the same time, the fact must not be lost 



sight of that, when these indications aie 
present, no better material for this work is 
likely to be found, and that pecuniary 
assistance given to such candidates under 
careful regulations would be money well 
spent. 

The committee were gratified to learn that 
the debt of the Board was each year becom- 
ing less, and now amounted to but $7720. 
On the other hand, it was manifest 
that it was absolutely necessary for the 
efficient prosecution of the work that there 
should be a decided increase in the income 
for the coming year. Unless there is such 
an increase it is not clear how the scholarships 
can be brought up to the minimum of eighty 
dollars, according to the expressed wish of 
the General Assembly. 

COST OF ADMINISTRATION. 

The committee took great interest in this 
subject. They found some difficulty in 
learning from the treasurer's report what 
sum properly belonged to this head, and 
kindly suggest that hereafter the accounts 
be so written as to make this plain to the 
ordinary reader. The absolute expense was 
found to be exceedingly small, and the cost 
for salaries, being partly provided for by 
special funds, amounted to only $6575. 

The corresponding secretary in his address 
strongly deprecated the idea of regarding 
the Board of Education as merely an 
agency for the receiving and disbursing of 
a certain amount of money to a certain 
number of students. He pictured it as 
rather an agency for cooperating with the 
presbyteries in superintending the whole 
work of securing a suitable number of can- 
didates and educating them for the holy 
ministry, exercising watch and care over 
over them at every stage of their progress 
by correspondence, and by visiting them at 
their places of study, assisting presbyteries 
in any necessary discipline, and endeavoring 
by all available means to keep the students 
continually under the best possible influ- 
ences. The expense involved in such a work 
is as a drop in the bucket in comparison 
with the value of what is accomplished. 

He made it very plain that the Board 
should have the full sympathy of those who 
approve of and applaud such young men 
as try to work their own way through; 
for it is a cardinal principle with the Board 
to help those who help themselves. An 



1898.] 



ELIA8 BOUDINOT. 



unwillingness or inability to do so on the part 
of a young man is regarded as a probable 
evidence that he is not adapted for the work 
of the ministry. 



ELIAS BOUDINOT. 

The picture which we present to our read- 
ers of this illustrious philanthropist and 
friend of education is reproduced from a 
painting by Sully. The beautiful house 
which was his home in Burlington, N J 
is still standing, but not in its former glory' 
He was honored by being made com- 
missary-general during the Revolutionary 
War He was president of Congress, 
Director of the Mint, a trustee of Princeton 
college one of the founders of the Amer- 
ican Bible Society and its first president, a 
member of the American Board of Com- 
missioners for Foreign Missions, a ruling 



49 

elder in the Presbyterian Church, and the 

SembT nt ° f ^ TrU8teCS ° f the General 
His death occurred in 1821. 
His will contained nine separate bequests 
relating to the promotion of education; 
particularly the education of young candi- 
dates for the holy ministry that they might 
preach the gospel to the destitute. He 
indicated particular interest in the training 
oj men for missionary service among the 
Indians of America and the heathen of 
joreign lands. A clause provided that 
the residue of his estate, after the death 
of his daughter" might, '- at the discre- 
tion of the General Assembly, be applied, 
in whole or in part, to missionary purposes 
or to the use of the two educational societies 
under the superintendence of the said Gen- 
eral Assembly ,» the Board of Education 
not having been organized when he wrote 




Elias Boudinot. 

From the painting by Sully. 



HOME MISSIONS. 



A PATRIOTIC OFFERING FOR 
HOME MISSIONS BY PATRI- 
OTIC PRESBYTERIANS. 

To Pastors and Sessions :— The General 
Assembly, impressed with the urgent need 
of the immediate payment of the debt on 
the Board of Home Missions, and sure that 
our Church is both able and willing to do it, 
has directed the Board to call upon all our 
churches to unite in a patriotic effort to 
this end on Sabbath, the third of July. 

Now is the time ! Because we are putting 
treasure and precious lives into a humane 
movement to deliver Cuba from the oppres- 
sor. Shall we not join with it the trifling 
effort necessary to set free from debt the 
agency on which our Church depends for 
doing her share for the salvation of our 
country ? 

Now is the time! Because it is the anni- 
versary of our National Birthday. Presby- 
terians are patriotic. They believe a free 
gospel and a free land belong historically 
together. 

Now is the time! Because if every 
Presbyterian will save a little from expenses 
counted patriotic and right in connection 
with the Fourth of July, it will pay all our 
debt. A little less for Chinese firecrackers 
and a little more for American Christianity 
— and the work is done ! 

One rally on that one national day will 
stop the cry of distress on missionary fields 
and give us a chance to advance! 

The Board therefore suggests that an 
offering of one dollar or more be made by 
every Presbyterian able to do so. 

Let the strong men give of their abun- 
dance. 

Let the women, through their societies, 
or by personal solicitation, seek an offering 
from every Presbyterian woman. 

Let the young people take up the work 
in their societies with an endeavor to send 
as many dollars as there are members. 

Let the children, saving something from 
fireworks and flags, give their dollars either 
as individuals or as classes in Sunday-school, 
or by families. 

Let all the people arise and fling this 
50 



debt away. It can be done! Let us do it 
to the honor of our Church and the praise 
of God. 

We make our appeal directly to the ses- 
sions of our Church, confident that they will- 
bring the matter before congregations in such 
ways as may seem wise. 

Kindly let all contributions sent in 
response to this appeal be designated as "A 
Patriotic Offering for the Debt." 

A handsome souvenir of the day, with 
appropriate emblems, will be sent to every 
individual contributing one dollar or more. 

To the Members of the Sunday- 
schools: — Ae companies and regiments 
have been leaving their homes during the 
past few months to go to the front, bringing 
help to Cuba, we have seen the remnants of 
regiments which served in the Civil War 
escorting the new and untried soldiers, and 
sending them off with cheerful hearts. 

The men and women of our churches, the 
long-tried troops, are rallying to the support 
of the Board of Home Missions, and are 
giving, as they are able, to remove the debt 
and to give to the Board a new impetus in 
the forward movement of the work. But 
new soldiers are needed — the older ones, 
who have served long and faithfully, are not 
to do all — new troops of the young are 
being called out. Boys and girls, will you 
not volunteer in this army, where no physi- 
cal restrictions exist, where all who love the 
Lord Jesus Christ may enlist ? 

If so, can you not have fewer fireworks, 
fewer firecrackers — less noise outwardly, 
but more rejoicing in the heart — and aid to 
send the gospel abroad in our land ? 

For each dollar, whether given by an 
individual, by a class, or by a family, a 
souvenir will be sent to aid in keeping in 
remembrance during the year the need of 
continued interest. 



REPORT OF THE STANDING COM- 
MITTEE ON HOME MISSIONS 
IN THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY. 

Following is the text of the report of the 

Assembly's Committee on Home Missions: 

" The Standing Committee on Home Mis- 



1898.] 



REPORT OP THE STANDING COMMITTEE. 



51 



sions respectfully presents the following 
report : The last General Assembly directed 
the Board to reorganize its methods of 
administration so that the executive work 
shall be placed in charge of one secretary 
with whatever assistants may be necessary. 
The Board has found the discharge of this 
duty a most difficult one. After long and 
careful consideration they decided to appoint 
Dr. Charles L. Thompson the secretary of 
the Board. In the retirement of Dr. W. 
C. Koberts and Dr. D. J. McMillan from 
the office of secretary, the Board has paid 
them a fitting tribute, but it is the duty 
also of the General Assembly to place on 
record its high appreciation of the valuable 
services these brethren have rendered to the 
cause of home missions. 

" A CRITICAL PERIOD. 

1 ' The new secretary takes up the work at 
a critical period in the history of the Board. 
He deserves and should receive the unquali- 
fied support of the whole Church. He 
needs money to carry on the work. This 
should be promptly and unhesitatingly given, 
thus providing the opportunity and the 
means for accomplishing a large work. He 
should be held to strict accountability. It 
is not doubted but that, the word of cheer 
being spoken and the proper support being 
given by the Church, Dr. Thompson will 
vindicate the wisdom of his selection for 
this great work. 

1 ' The statistics show that during the year 
1393 missionaries have been commissioned 
by the Board. This includes two in the 
Synod of New Jersey, who are paid out of 
the Barber fund, which is specially set apart 
for colored ministers. The goodly number 
of 7995 have been added to the mission 
churches on confession of faith, and 4198 
on certificate. The membership of the 
Sunday-schools connected with these 
churches is 123,622 and 250 Sunday-schools 
have been organized. 

"treasurer's statement. 

' ' The treasurer, Mr. Harvey C. Olin, has 
submitted detailed statements of receipts and 
expenditures, of the Permanent and Trust 
Funds, and also of the operating account of 
the Mission Building, which leaves nothing 
to be desired. They are so clear, full and 
satisfactory as to deserve special mention. 
He reports the total receipts from all sources 



as $702,403.37. The expenditures were 
$722,965.44, which exceeded the receipts 
by $20, 562. 07. This is more than accounted 
for by the change from quarterly to monthly 
payments in the settlement of the salaries of 
missionaries, because in many instances the 
quarterages lapped over from last year into 
this. As a result there has been paid this 
year for work done last year a sum nearly 
equal to $3500. It will thus appear that 
the actual work of the year was more than 
$14,000 within the receipts. 

" The debt now amounts to $167,839.03, 
which belongs wholly to the Board, the 
women having succeeded in wiping out the 
deficiency chargeable to their part of the 
work. The miscellaneous and office ex- 
penses show a gratifying decrease, as com- 
pared with last year, of $7575.92. The 
change from quarterly to monthly payments 
to the missionaries has been a most welcome 
one to those most interested, and it is pleas- 
ant to record that it has been accomplished 
without adding anything to the expense of 
administration. 

" INTEREST account. 

" The interest account, however, is a 
serious matter. During the past three years 
there has been paid out for interest on funds 
borrowed to carry on the work of the Board 
the large sum of $33,654.53. That is to 
say, in 1895-96 there was paid out $13,- 
604.57; in 1896-7, $13,212.72; in 
1897-8, $6837.24, making a total of $33,- 
604.53. We are gratified at the marked 
decrease during the past year. If it be too 
much to expect that the churches will so 
contribute that there shall be no interest 
to pay, yet the amount would be largely 
reduced if sessions would only see to it that 
the money contributed by the people was 
promptly forwarded by the treasurer and 
not held back until the closing days of 
March. 

" REPORT OF WOMEN'S BOARD. 

" The report of the Women's Board 
brings us special encouragement. Besides 
meeting all their expenses and paying their 
debt, they have a surplus of over $8000. 
This sum they propose to spend during the 
coming year upon the Mexican or Indian 
field, and in addition relieve the Board of 
all work in Alaska. The receipts of the 
Women's Board from its auxiliaries and the 
Young People's societies amounts to $278,- 



52 



REPORT OF THE STANDING COMMITTEE. 



[July, 



702.38, and including the funds raised for 
the Freedmen's Board aggregate $324,- 
348.25. This is an increase over last year 
for the work among the Freedmen of 
$4691.42, but a decrease for the home work 
of $13,243.50. They have sent out 501 
boxes for the missionaries of the Board; 
489 boxes for the mission schools of the 
Women's Board, and 372 boxes for the 
Freedmen's work. They have sustained 
during the year twenty-three boarding- 
schools and ninety day-schools. These 113 
schools are located as follows: eight in 
Alaska, seventeen among the Indians, 
twenty-four among the Mexicans, twenty - 
nine among the Mormons, thirty-two among 
the mountains of the South, three among 
foreign- speaking populations. In these 
schools have been gathered 8339 pupils, 
under 329 teachers. Among these scholars 
460 conversions are reported as among the 
year's work. The societies have also con- 
tributed to the support of thirty -two schools 
and fifty -nine teachers under the care of the 
Freedmen's Board, and ten Bible readers 
have been commissioned for the mountains 
of the South. 

"MRS. JAMES' ABSENCE. 

" The prolonged absence from her home 
and land, for needed rest, of the president 
of the Women's Board, Mrs. Darwin R. 
James, has occasioned regret. The more 
lengthened absence of the recording secre- 
tary, Mrs. S. B. Brownell, has compelled 
the Board, very reluctantly, to accept her 
resignation. 

" When now we turn our eyes to the 
future, it is clear that the Church should 
enter upon the work forgetting the things 
which are behind, and press forward with 
such confidence and courage as, by the 
blessing of God, will bring her to the next 
Assembly with a record which shall have 
in every part abundant reason for gratitude 
and an increased stimulus to go forward. 
Let the past years of criticism, controversy 
and change suffice, if these have not 
wrought all the good which was sought, 
only harm and loss will accrue by their 
continuance. Now is the time for confi- 
dence, increased offerings and more earnest 
prayer, and if these are given to the Board 
and its work, who can doubt but that, 
through the favor of God, greater things 
will be accomplished than the Church has 



ever attempted for the great cause of home 
missions. ' ' 

We submit the following recommenda- 
tions : 

1. The minutes of the Board meetings 
are found to be carefully engrossed, while 
the minutes of the executive sessions seem 
to be only partially recorded. However, as 
three members of the Board present in the 
Assembly assure your committee that the 
partial records fully manifest the action 
taken in executive sessions, it is recom- 
mended that the minutes be approved. 

2. In view of the fact that tens of thou- 
sands of people are pushing their way into 
the gold fields of Alaska, large numbers of 
whom are Presbyterians, it is recommended 
that the Board of Home Missions be advised 
to appoint at least five additional male 
missionaries at an early date for the work 
in that Territory, and make the appoint- 
ments a new ground for appeal to the 
Church. 

3. In view of the greater activity of 
Mormonism since Utah was admitted to 
Statehood, and in view of the large number 
of youth trained in institutions under its 
control in sentiments adverse to Christianity 
and to American ideas, the reduction of our 
church and school work in Utah is to be 
specially deplored ; and it is urged upon our 
churches that increased attention should be 
given to the calls of the Home Board and 
the Woman's Board, and abundant means 
be furnished for instruction from the pulpit, 
in the Sabbath-schools, and in all grades of 
Christian week-day schools from the lowest 
to the highest. 

4. That on Sabbath, July 3, a special 
offering be made for the work of Home 
Missions. 

5. That an earnest effort be made to 
secure from all sources at least $867,000, 
so then will the debt be paid and the work 
planned for the year be adequately provided 
for. 

6. That the following members of the 
Board, whose term of office expires at this 
time, be reappointed, viz., Ministers — James 
S. Ramsay, D.D., Samuel J. Niccolls, 
D.D., Charles Wood, D.D.; Elders— Wal- 
ter M. Aikman, Robert Henderson, Wil- 
liam H. Corbin and Robert C. Ogden, and 
that the Hon. James A. Beaver be elected 
to fill the unexpired term of Mr. Charles 
E. Green, deceased. 



1898.] 



NOTES. 



53 



NOTES. 

The sooner we come to forget sectional 
lines and to remember that we are not only 
one nation, but also one people with a com- 
mon ancestry and heritage, with loyal 
American hearts in our bosoms capable alike 
of religious impressions, with kindred 
impulses toward charity and benevolence 
and with a common courage trained in our 
common history and tested on the same terri- 
ble battlefields, the sooner will we join 
hands under the same standard and make 
common cause against the foes of our Lord 
and his Church . Our Lord was not divided . 
Not a bone of him was broken. Not a 
garment of his was rent. He was the 
Saviour of us all, and God is the Father of 
us all, and we be brethren. 

Rev. Dr. McDonald, of Kentucky, says: 
" The urgency for a forward movement in 
the mountain region is becoming more and 
more apparent. We could put in twelve 
good men at once in as many county seats. 
We have to deal with one and a half mil- 
lions of these mountaineers, and we must 
reach and rescue them. Some half-dozen 
important points must be occupied, as we 
have been trying to hold them for some time, 
but have not the means to build a house or 
sustain a missionary. These mountains are 
full of coal and the valleys of oil, and some 
day they will be worth holding. May God 
send us the money to go at once and occupy 
the field fully." 

The great State of Texas sends a piteous 
appeal, emphasized by the fact that a very 
large portion of those coming into the Guif 
region are from the Northwest — our own 
people and in sympathy with our Church 
life and methods. Dr. Little, of Texas, 
3ays: " Our possibilities are assured by our 
marked successes, as in Houston and Gal- 
veston. There is an open door in Texas if 
the Board were financially conditioned to 
sustain us in new work. Towns are spring- 
ing up on multiplied railroads. The Gulr 
counties are attracting multitudes. The 
West gives the best climate in America. 
Our eyes are not open to the facts because it 
has seemed best to stop exploring and devote 
our energies to the development of what is in 
hand. Six men are wanted for places that 
are now being neglected. Twice as many 
more will be urging their claims upon us if 



there shall ever come permission to push 
our work. There is a disadvantage in stir- 
ring up a community unless we really mean 
to be permanent in our occupation, hence 
so little has been done to develop ourwork. 
The vast undertakings in business in the 
South and especially on the Gulf have been 
presented to your attention that it might be 
evident a much larger future is before you 
than is now apparent. Such developments 
in business make the enforced delay in 
pushing our work doubly disastrous." 

A year of prosperity in the Synod of 
Kentucky has just closed. Notwithstanding 
the restraints that held the work in check 
by reason of the Board' s financial condition, 
progress was made. Eight churches have 
been dedicated within sixteen months and 
three new schools opened. More money 
was contributed for this work than in any 
previous year. Kentucky was not one of 
the delinquent synods. 

Of the forty-three Presbyterian churches 
in New England, only twenty received aid 
from the Board last year, and the average 
amount paid them was below the average 
for the entire country. 

There are thirty-five regularly ordained 
Indian Presbyterian ministers, ninety-one 
Indian churches with 4348 communicants. 
Besides these there are several hundreds of 
Indian communicants in white churches. 

The Synod of Washington was not among 
the delinquents in contributions to the 
Home Board last year. It gave more than 
ever before, consequently the year was a 
fruitful one in additions to the churches. 

A church of fifty-nine members was 
organized at the Klondyke Mission by our 
missionaries, Rev. Messrs. S. Hall Young 
and George A. McEwan, April 10. It is 
a comity church — there being fifteen denom- 
inations represented in its membership. All 
the elder3 were formerly Methodists. 

The old Indian church at Lapwai, where 
Miss Kate McBeth has so nobly suc- 
ceeded her sister, Miss Sue, has been blessed 
with a glorious work of grace. There were 
seventy accessions. 

Dr. Kirkwood, of Colorado, says: " We 
have ample work for fifteen more men than 



54 



NOTES. 



[July, 



are now employed. For three years we have 
been reaching out from every available 
centre and adding to the burdens of every 
willing pastor by organizing adjacent fields 
and placing them in hands that were already 
full. We have been obliged to forego other 
fields that were more important because no 
minister lived near enough to give them 
even occasional visits. 

The princely sum of $20,000 received by 
the Board to be credited to the Church of 
Clinton, N. J., is a splendid starter for the 
Board's new fiscal year. Why didn't the 
Assembly take step and mark time ? Eight 
such churches would send the debt to where 
Dewey sent the Spanish fleet. But it is not 
too late. Let the Church at large follow 
this financial file leader until the banner of 
the cross is unfurled in every village and 
hamlet in the land. 

Twelve evangelists are employed in the 
Mexican work, supplementing an inade- 
quate supply of ministers. Mr. Craig, the 
synodical missionary, says: " I preached 
at Los Lentes one evening. There were 
about 175 persons inside the building and 
about fifty outside. After a service of one 
hour and a quarter I dismissed the congre- 
gation, but the people would not go until 
Mr. Perea and Mr. Charez, who were with 
us, had preached also, and I had again 
addressed them, so great was their desire to 
hear the gospel." 

The Board entered upon the last fiscal 
year with a debt of 8147,276.96, and 
closed the year April 1, 1898, with a debt 
of $167,839.03, an increase of 820,562.07. 
The Board really spent less money than 
during the former vear, but the receipts for 
the year fell off $93,464.39. If the con- 
tributions for home missions during the cur- 
rent year equal those of any one of the last 
ten years, except the last, the Board will 
be out of debt when the next Assembly 
meets. 

Rev. W. H. Jones, of Mill City, Oreg., 
is rejoicing over the good results of a 
revival in his church. There were nine 
accessions, all heads of families except one. 
The church uow feels strong enough to rise 
and build a house unto the Lord to replace 



the old structure in which it is no longer 
safe to worship. 

The city of Tampa, Fla., grew in five 
years from a population of 5000 to 20,000. 
The increase was mostly Cubans, who were 
nominally Catholics, but with light regard 
for that Church. Appeals were made to 
our Board for missionaries to labor among 
them, but our enforced policy of no progress 
restrained us from entering that important 
and promising field. 

There are many inviting openings among 
the Scandinavians of Minnesota, but the 
men and money are wanting. The Swedish 
Church that came to us in a body we have 
lost for want of a little temporary help 
from the Board, There is great need and 
promise among these sturdy people. 

Indian Territory and Oklahoma have a 
population of about 750,000 from all parts 
of the earth, all grades of Indians from a 
mere trace of Indian blood up to a full- 
blood, all nationalities and races in assorted 
colors and varying conditions. 

The young church of Galveston, Tex., 
with the Rev. Dr. J. Lovejoy Robertson 
as the pastor, is making an heroic effort to 
acquire a much -needed church property. 

We have lost good men from Utah on 
account of retrenchment. Seventeen men 
are wanted in this State and Idaho, and the 
money to support them. Polygamy flour- 
ishes unchecked and unreproved. 

We are apt to interpret a difficulty as a 
preventing Providence, whereas it may be 
God's command to exercise a grace which 
we have been neglecting. How could faith 
become strong a ad healthful without battles 
to fight and victories to win? We must 
bear in mind that while God has promised to 
help us he has not promised to make every- 
thing easy for us. 

Rev. W. W. Warne says that the char- 
acter of his work in Chilcat, Alaska, has 
entirely changed within the last six months. 
From this time on more attention must be 
given to the whites and less to the natives. 
The natives are poorly prepared for the 
change, but the whites are pouring in and a 
new order of things is inevitable. 



1898.] 



LATEST FROM THE KLONDYKE MISSIONARIES. 



55 



LATEST FROM THE KLONDYKE MISSION- 
ARIES. 

Dawson, N. W. Ter., Canada, April 11, 1898. 

Of course we are living plainly, and such 
things as condensed milk and butter, etc., are un- 
known luxuries at our table. Bread, bacon, beans, 
with now and then oatmeal, dried fruit and fresh 
beef or moose meat, make our bill of fare. 

I fear some of my letters have been lost, as the re- 
port comes to us of the drowning of some of our mes- 
sengers and the carelessness of others. We have 
been very anxious to hear from you as to our future 
ecclesiastical and presbyterial relations. 

For I have the great pleasure of announcing the 
organization, according to Presbyterian form and 
order, of the Klondyke Presbyterian Church, of 
Dawson, N. W. Ter. It took place yesterday 
evening— Easter Sabbath— April 10, 1898. We 
are very happy over it. We had been working hard 
to get our membership together. For five Sabbaths 
we had presented the matter to the congregation up 
the Bonanza. I had done much pastoral work 
looking toward this end. We had organized a 
good choir, rented a "baby organ," and increased 
our evening and morning congregations. We have 
had an average lately of over one hundred. So 
all things were made ready and yesterday we had, 
in the best sense, a " high time ". We had a full 
house in the morning to an Easter service. Our 
double quartette choir — all male voices — gave us 
excellent music. I preached an Easter sermon 
from 1 Cor. 15 : 20. 

In the evening the seats were all full, with many 
standing. The choir was again on hand with good 
music. Dr. McEwen gave an address on the 
Church. I followed with remarks on the opportun- 
ity possessed by this church, and the " great and effec- 
tual door ' ' opened before it. After securing more 
members I first received four upon confession of 
their faith, and then organized the church, calling 
upon the charter members as their names were 
read, and propounding the questions as laid down 
in Dr. Johnson's " Book of Forms." I enclose a 
full list of the members. You will see what a 
large proportion is from the United States, and how 
completely cosmopolitan and interdenominational 
our membership is. It is a grand church, and in 
intelligence, zeal and Christian spirit will compare 
favorably with almost any church I have known. 

We elected elders and trustees by ballot in regu- 
lar form. Judge Fawcett, our excellent gold com- 
missioner, received almost all the votes, even on 
the first or nominating ballot. Singularly, and 
showing how completely denomination was lost 
sight of and the men only considered, the elders all 



come from Methodist churches, although two of 
them were brought up in Presbyterian doctrine. 
The elders are : Judge Thos. Fawcett, Mr. W. V. 
Wells, Dr. K. B. Smith, Mr. J. B. Hayward. 
Trustees : Messrs. H. TeRoller, T. W. Arnold, J. 
A. Cadenhead, W. R. Farrington, C. S. Crowell. 
All the trustees are communicants except Mr. 
Crowell, and all are excellent business men. Both 
Boards will meet this week and I with them, and 
we will lay plans for work. The elders will be or- 
dained next Sabbath, and we will soon hold our 
first communion. A Ladies' Aid Society will also 
be organized this week. We will meet very soon 
in our first "church sociable", to get acquainted 
and raise money for our new church. We will get 
hold of a lot as soon as possible and then go ahead 
with preparations for building. But the subscrip- 
tion for the building will not be circulated until the 
"wash-up". In the meantime we will go ahead 
with a subscription for the support of the church, 
and the clearing off of the debt left upon our 
shoulders by the fire. The collection yesterday 
was $32.75, which is above the average. We an- 
ticipate no trouble in clearing all debts and build- 
ing our church, though it will take plenty of hard 
work. The Christians coming in will greatly aid 
us. 

For the rent of " Pioneer Hall " $5, and $3 rent 
for organ is our weekly burden ; besides wood, 
candles, sexton's services, etc. We have been get- 
ting most of the wood and furnishing most of the 
candles and doing most of the sexton's work our- 
selves, to save expense. Wood is $40 to $55 per 
cord. Candles have sold as|high as $1 apiece, but are 
now $1 per pound. Our candlesticks are empty 
whisky bottles. 

The logs for our new " Good Samaritan " hospital 
are being hauled to the location this week. We 
will put up the sides at once and finish after we can 
get lumber, nails, etc. The logs — twenty- five feet 
long, seven inches wide, sawed on three sides — cost 
us $8 apiece, delivered on the ground. Enough 
" dust" has been paid in to pay for the logs and 
put up the ' ' shell' ' . We will have to wait for the 
opening up of the Klondyke and Yukon rivers be- 
fore we can get the lumber, nails, etc., to finish. 

This is the last letter I can send you until the ice 
clears out of the Yukon, and it is likely that the 
messenger who takes this will have a hard journey. 
The ice is being flooded in many places. 

We have had good health and have enjoyed our 
winter's work, although handicapped by the burn- 
ing of our church, by the loss of our hymn books, 
and by financial stringency. We rejoice in the 
favorable outlook. 

When the coming Canadian ministers arrive we 



56 



JOHN ELIOT. 



[July, 



will give them all the aid in our power, but I do 
not expect to leave Dawson until the work is fully 
established and made permanent, and that will take 
years. 

Please write. Let all who wish to help in this 
work send Sunday-school papers and supplies, bell, 
organ (I have not heard from Mr. Leadbetter who 
promised an organ), magazines, papers and books 
for reading-room, lamps, etc. Any action taken 
toward this should be taken soon. Mrs. Young 
will keep you informed of any further news about 
our work that she may get. I send this by her to 
save an extra dollar. There is going to be a rush 
from here to Alaskan territory, and there will be 
promising points for the establishment of missions 
next summer. 

Yours in hope and courage, 

S. Hall Young. 



Roll of Charter Members of the Klondyke 
Presbyterian Church, of Dawson, N. W. 
Ter., Canada. Organized April 10, 1898. 

Appended to the following declaration are the 
signatures of the members, with their former 
church connection indicated. 

1 1 Believing in the Lord Jesus Christ as our 
personal Saviour, and desiring to promote the in- 
terests of his kingdom in the Klondyke region, we 
hereby sign our names as charter members of the 
Klondyke Presbyterian Church, and promise to do all 
in our power to aid its growth and efficiency.' ' 

Summary. 

Presbyterians 15 

Methodist Episcopalians 15 

Methodist Protestants 3 

Christians 2 

Congregationalists 3 

Episcopalians 5 

Lutherans 3 

Baptists 5 

German Evangelical 1 

Dominion Methodists 2 

Cumberland Presbyterians 1 

By confession of faith 4 

Total 59 

From the United States 52 

From Canada 7 

Males 52 

Females , . , , 7 



JOHN ELIOT. 

[We are fortunate in securing a personal sketch 
of John Eliot, the great apostle to the Indians of 
New England. The sketch was prepared by the 
Rev. Dr. Saurin Eliot Lane, of Boston, great-great- 
grandson of John Eliot]. 

John Eliot was born in Nasing, Essex, 
England, in 1604, and died in Roxbury, 
1690, at the ripe age of eighty-six. He 
was honored and loved by all who knew 
him, and yet he was a unique and decided 
character — as much so as any one who came 
to find a home in troublesome times in the 
colony of Massachusetts in the time of 
Winthrop in 1631. It was " the excellent 
John Eliot," who brought over the wife 
and family of Winthrop to the new world, 
after having spent his last night, in the so- 
much- troubled mother land, in the Tower 
with his uncle, Sir John Eliot. It was a 
last interview, about which but little could 
be said. There were foreshadowings which 
but few dared to read aloud in those trying 
times : "Be prudent, ' ' said his uncle ; ' ' say 
nothing of certain ones," and he sailed in 
the morning. 

John Eliot met with a warm reception in 
Boston. He had been educated at Jesus 
College, Cambridge, was of pleasing man- 
ners and address, and withal an attractive 
preacher for one so young, so much so that 
the church in Boston became solicitous to 
settle him as their pastor. Owing, how- 
ever, to previous engagements with friends 
of prominence and kindred views with his 
own, who had already settled in Roxbury, 
and organized a church there among the 
rocks, and were actually looking for him 
to be their leader, all of whom held kindred 
views, John Eliot, true to his Norman blood 
and motto, Per ignes, per saxa, fortitur et 
recto, felt that he must settle among the 
people of his choice, and this in accordance 
with an express agreement with many of 
the first settlers of Roxbury entered into 
before he left England. He was a Puritan 
Presbyterian. No one, however, accused 
him of being a bigot. He fled from the 
tyranny of pope and king, and his whole 
soul was filled with sweet dreams of a great 
republic for both State and Church. He 
believed in " King James* translation of the 
Bible ' ' for the people and in the Westminster 
Standards, and fully understood all the 
opposition of the old Roman world to putting 



1898.] 



JOHN ELIOT. 



57 



both into the hands of every man as con- 
taining, in language that could be under- 
stood, the only symbols of the faith that 



He made no exception of the poor Indian, 
and especially as he began early to believe 
the various tribes with whom he met to be 
of Jewish blood. He began at an early 
day to make himself master of their lan- 
guage through an intelligent Indian whom 
he employed as a servant in his family at 
Roxbury. He was more and more struck 
with the resemblances between the Indian 
language and the Hebrew. And then he 
found that the Indians entertained many 
ideas for which their Jewish descent could 
alone account. 

So far as I have been able to learn, the 
Indians themselves, under the religious 
teachings of John Eliot, were all of this 
same cast of character, and this I am as- 
sured was one of the prominent features that 
distinguished the Roxbury settlement in 
John Eliot's day above all the other settle- 
ments in the New World, and won even the 
respect that disarms enmity of all the neigh- 
boring colonies of New England. It won 
the respect and love of the Indians also. 
Oh, that ten thousand John Eliots had 
been settled all over this broad continent 
in the first beginnings of our history as a 
nation ! There was no need of Kin<* Philip' s 
>Yar. 

In those eventful days when cloud capped 
cloud in the old country and the lightning 
flashed and the thunder roared in such 
rapid succession, who cannot see and feel 
the coming of the grand climax of events 
which no human hand could prevent! 
Buckingham assassinated — Charles mad 
with ambition to rule the people without a 
Parliament unless it would do his bidding 
and bend to the will of the Church of Rome 
— with Sir John Eliot dying in the Tower, 
and the blood of ten thousands of martyrs 
crying from the ground, it was impossible 
for any one who longed for religious or civil 
liberty to remain longer in England. The 
last hope with multitudes of the best classes 
of the mother country had died. 

Sir John Eliot had at one time enter- 
tained the thought, if we are rightly 
informed, of coming to America, for the 
purpose of organizing, with others, a repub- 
lican form of government for both Church 
and State. But he could not. IJe was a 



prisoner in the Tower of London when he 
parted with his nephew who sailed in the 
morning for the New World, as we have 
already related, with the wife of the faithful 
Winthrop and others. His heart was full 
to overflowing. His own chosen one could 
not come at that time, but soon after joined 
him at Roxbury, and became his bride. 
The life of Eliot, however, was, in many 
respects, a silent one. In his home life and 
in his church at Roxbury, and among the 
Indians, John Eliot was known as the most 
unique of all the heroes that ever trod the 
shores of New England. And yet he was 
a man of decided opinions. He led, but 
never attempted to drive, those who differed 
from him. In the family of the Pious 
Hooker he had breathed the air of heaven, 
and he loved to preach the gospel in all it3 
fullness and simplicity — and no one who 
heard him rebelled. Two aged and learned 
Hollanders, who visited him in his old age 
and heard him preach, speak of him as the 
most pleasing and learned of all the 
preachers to which they had listened in all 
their travels. He gave them a copy of 
his Indian Bible and also of his Indian 
grammar and Catechism. The two trav- 
elers were delighted and went on their way 
to Holland. It was such a man who loved 
to preach the whole gospel without fear and 
never gave offense. He loved the consocia- 
tion of Hooker, and insisted in his way 
upon the organization of the associations of 
pastors and conferences of churches, with 
full power, as such, in the settlement of 
pastors over churches in New England. 
He rejected the so-called Parish system. 
The Church should control the Church — 
and the lambs of the flock ? He would 
carry them in his arms ! 

John Eliot had a great, tireless soul within 
his breast. During the King Philip War 
he never forsook his Indian church at 
Natick. He wore a coat of mail around 
his great loving heart, which flashed in the 
eyes of all, and has won the admiration of 
all succeeding years. He took his Indian 
church at Natick in his arms and carried it 
to the islands in the Bay of Boston, and 
guarded them and fed them ! He was, as 
the apostle to the Indians, the most com- 
manding figure among the non- conformists 
of England who came to this country for 
freedom of worship. ' ' His name and min- 
istry," says one from whom we would not 



58 



ARIZONA — ALASKA. 



[July, 



have expected such an eulogium, " are the 
glory ot our Church, as they would be of 
any Church in Christendom, and his life is 
one about which every one should know 
something. ' ' At South Natick every visitor 
is at once impressed with this, as well as at 
Roxbury. Certainly, " his zeal was not 
less," as one has well said, " than St. 
Paul's, and his charity was as sweet as that 
of St. Francis d'Assizi." His whole life 
was a testimony to his love of the cause of 
his only Master. I know of no one of 
modern times to whom he can be at all 
compared as filling the same or similar 
sphere, unless it be the revered Edward 
Payson, of Portland, Me., who, on his 
mother's side, was a near kinsman of the 



apostle. He bore also, in many respects, a 
strong resemblance to his uncle, Sir John 
Eliot, and also Hampden — both of whom 
had planned at one time to come to America 
and found a republic. 

I learn on investigation, that he founded 
the first Sabbath-school on this continent. 
He also was the founder of what is now our 
Boston Latin School. 

He was buried in the Eliot burying 
ground at the corner of Washington and 
Eustis streets. The parish tomb contains the 
bones of six ancient pastors and of John 
Eliot. In the same cemetery are the 
graves of Governors Thomas and Joseph 
Dudley, Chief Justice Paul Dudley, Gen. 
Greaton and others of prominence. 



Letters. 



ARIZONA. 

Kev. Charles H. Cook, Sacaton : — During the 
past year we were enabled to erect two new 
churches, one at Wakey, eleven and a half miles 
west of here, and one on the Salt River Reserva- 
tion, some fourteen miles above Phoenix. This 
gives us five churches among the Pima Indians, 
with a seating capacity of about 1400 persons. We 
have now 350 church members, 102 of whom joined 
this year. Regular services have been held in the 
four churches in the Gila Valley, total congrega- 
tion of 700. At the Salt River Church Sunday- 
school has been kept up regularly and preaching 
services at irregular intervals. The attendance at 
the churches has been very good, and the interest 
manifested has been good throughout the year. 



ALASKA. 



Rev. J. H. Condit, Juneau : — During the quar- 
ter I have received three persons into church mem- 
bership, two children have been baptized, four 
marriage ceremonies have been performed and two 
funeral services have been conducted. 

During the year twelve members have been added 
to the church, one removed by death, one suspended 
and one dismissed, leaving our total enrollment at 
present thirty-one. One hundred and five pupils 
have been enrolled in the Sabbath-school. One 
adult and five infants have been baptized. Ten 
couples have been united in marriage and ten 
funeral services conducted. 

We have been directing our attention more es- 



pecially to the enterprise of building a new church 
and manse, both of which are very much needed. 
The church and its friends have raised and ex- 
pended thus far during the year $1500 toward the 
buildings, which, considering our membership of 
thirty-one, I consider very good. In addition, the 
Ladies' Aid Society has, by much hard work, ac- 
cumulated a fund of over $300 during the year, to 
be expended in furnishing the manse. The ladies 
deserve great credit for their zeal in this matter. 

We have contributed to all the Boards of the 
Church during the year, and the Sabbath-school 
and the Y. P. S. C. E. have had a part in the 
Home and Foreign Mission and Sunday-school and 
Publication offerings. 

It has been our privilege to welcome and bid 
Godspeed to a large number of Yukoners on their 
way to the gold fields. To many of them this 
little "Log Cabin Church" has offered the last 
opportunity for the public service of God's house 
for years, and we trust that we may have been in- 
strumental, as a church, in calling to the attention 
of some of the great army of gold seekers the de- 
sirability and duty of laying by in store the gold 
which perisheth not. 

A large proportion of those who attend our ser- 
vices are not Christians. In fact the small minor- 
ity of the citizens of the town are professing Chris- 
tians and the sentiment and practice here is largely 
positively against temperance and morality in gen- 
eral. There are a few, however, who are truly the 
received of the Lord and who are faithful. We 
trust that God will bless our efforts to hold up the 
light in this dark place. There is a growing senti- 
ment in favor of better things. 



1898.] 



CALIFORNIA — COLORADO — KANSAS. 



59 



CALIFORNIA. 
Rev. Adolph Habere y, Elk Grove: — At the 
mission school in Jackson School, four miles north 
of Elk Grove, the work is kept up by your mission- 
ary' s wife. She superintends the Sabbath-school, 
which meets at 2.30, and often gives the young 
people a gospel talk. She leaves three babies — 
the oldest not quite four — at home, in charge of a 
girl, in order to keep up the Sabbath-school. You 
may wonder why your missionary does not take up 
that work. Well, he has had it for one year, but 
now he has organized a Sabbath-school and preach- 
ing service in Oak Park, thirteen and one-half 
miles away, and so he cannot be at the Jackson 
School. Oak Park is a suburb of Sacramento and 
several Presbyterian families who have moved there 
have been asking for a service for some time. Since 
I am the only Presbyterian minister in Sacramento 
county, outside of our two Sacramento pastors, I 
could not disregard the call. It is hard to drive 
twenty- seven miles and preach three times and teach 
in Sunday-school, but we missionaries are not happy 
unless we can endure hardships. 



Rev. F. A. Doane, San Francisco:— A prayer 
meeting of unusual interest was recently held in 
the home of one of our citizens, who was formerly 
intemperate, but is now living a sober life. Besides 
him, there were present several other reformed 
men. Several years ago a little girl came to the 
Band of Hope as a visitor. She was a very quiet 
child, but very observing. One day her father told 
her to go for some beer and she replied, ' ' Papa, I 
can' t go. " " Why not ? ' ' said he. "I learned at 
the Band of Hope that it is wrong to do so, ' ' she 
replied. "Well," said he, "I'll whip you if you 
don't go." The brave little girl replied, " Papa, 
you may whip me, you may kill me, but I can't go." 
To-day she rejoices in seeing her father a sober 
man. 

Last Sunday night a very pathetic scene was 
witnessed in my study. A mother, urged by her 
two small children, a boy and girl, signed the 
pledge that she would give up drinking. The 
little girl had her arms around her mother, while 
the boy looked pleadingly into her face and the two 
children signed as witnesses to their mother's reso- 
lution. 

COLORADO. 

Rev. M. D. J. Sanchez, Antonito : — The Cath- 
olics are becoming more interested in the reading 
of the Holy Scriptures and in the education of their 
children, and the result is the discovery of the 
errors in their Church and the adoption of the 



Protestant faith. But there are two things needed, 
and greatly needed, viz., more preachers and more 
teachers. Oh ! if the Church could send them. 
Very often I meet men who, with the Macedonian 
cry on their lips, say, ' ' Come and preach for us. 
When can you come ? " With sadness in my heart 
I am obliged to say, "I do not know when I will 
be able to come. ' ' The reason that I cannot go is 
because the six churches, some of them 100 miles 
apart, and the four regular stations, take all my 
time. We can but pray for an awakening of the 
Church to its responsibility and send more men to 
the Lord's field. 



Rev. L. R. Smith, Durango : — The past quarter 
has been the harvest. The result cannot be ex- 
pressed in cold figures. At every station I meet 
with large congregations of anxious and interested 
people. The demand for the gospel is beyond my 
ability to meet fully. I have been compelled to 
confine my labors the last quarter to Animas City, 
the Florida and Pineview. Protracted efforts have 
been put forth at each of these places. At Animas 
City eight persons asked for prayer, and all, I be- 
lieve, are striving to live a Christian life. The 
meetings were largely attended, and as a result I 
organized a Sabbath- school of about forty pupils. 
On the Florida five persons professed and will unite 
with our church. My last protracted effort was at 
Pineview, when seventy-one persons declared for 
Christ. This series of meetings resulted in the or- 
ganization of a church of thirty- one members. 



Rev. T. C. Kikkwood, D.D., Supt. :— We need 
increased assistance from the Board to enable us to 
enter upon new fields. Another enterprise in the 
Cripple Creek district should be undertaken at once 
and we have an open door at the new mining camp 
at Eldorado. 



KANSAS. 



Rev. J. I. Hughes, Fredonia: — During the 
first weeks of the quarter some of the people ex- 
pressed a desire to have a manse built. I called 
the officers of the church together — elders, deacons 
and trustees — the matter was discussed, and two per- 
sons were appointed to solicit subscriptions toward 
building a Presbyterian parsonage. In a week 
they reported to a called meeting of all that were 
interested in the matter ; the report said that 
nearly $800 had been pledged toward building the 
manse. It was resolved that same would be built ; 
a building committee was elected and work begun 
in building foundation and ordering the lumber? 
and by the end of this present month, or first part of 



60 



IDAHO — NEBRASKA. — MONTANA — MINNESOTA. 



[July, 



next, it is expected the minister and his family will 
move into the new house, which is to be a house of 
eight large rooms and will cost from $900 to $1000. 
Not a dollar will be asked from the Board of Church 
Erection. One of our elders gives $200 and 
another $100. The Ladies' Aid Society pledged 
$200. All the people seem to have a heart to 
work. I am glad of it and give the glory to our 
Heavenly Father, praying for his blessing upon us 
as a church to the growth in grace and in number. 



being done by each, and an opportunity to give. 
This it had, with the result as indicated. 



IDAHO. 



Kev. James Hines, Gilbert (Nez Perce, In- 
dian): — I have been in the pulpit of the Lapwai 
Church every Sabbath but one. That Sabbath I 
was helping a brother in the North Fork Church. 
The Lord gave us a great blessing in the Lapwai 
Church. About seventy new members were added, 
the most of them young. Many cold hearts were 
warmed. The presence of the Lord strengthened 
our drooping hearts. One church has had special 
trials since citizenship has been given to our people. 
Our people are still exposed to strong temptation. 
Every week we have two prayer meetings, well at- 
tended we think. Prayer meetings are held 
weekly in the two outstations, Cottonwood and Pot- 
latch. 

NEBRASKA. 

Kev. H. D. Crawford, Aurora : — During the 
quarter, eight more have been received into mem- 
bership in the church, making a total of thirty-one 
for the seven months of my 'pastorate — all without 
any special revival effort. The harmony and unity 
of the church remain undisturbed, and a deeper 
interest is being taken in the benevolences of the 
Church than ever before. 

An evidence of this is seen in the fact that our 
benevolent offerings will exceed the total given by 
the church in seven years past. The total is not 
much to boast of (about $250), but it must be borne 
in mind that the church had been pastorless for 
eighteen months prior to my appointment, and its 
total benevolences for seven years preceding was 
$225. Having but about six months in which to 
present the claims of the Boards, collections came 
with a frequency which necessarily limited the 
offerings to some extent. Our report to Presbytery 
will show an average gift per member of $1.60 for 
benevolences, raising the church from thirty -first 
place out of a total of thirty-six churches in this 
presbytery to third place, on the basis of the record 
of last year. An offering has been taken for every 
Board, and the response has been cordial and en- 
thusiastic. What the church needed was informa- 
tion as to the needs of the various Boards, the work 



Rev. George Williams, D.D., Blair: — As a 
result of special efforts in February, six have been 
added on profession of faith and four more would 
have been added but for sickness. I have now 
three out stations, one of which is for midweek 
service and the other two for Sabbath P. M, so 
that each Sabbath gives me three services and the 
out- stations two in the midweek besides my prayer 
meeting here. One of the out-stations is six miles 
distant, another four and the third nine, the first 
and third at present most hopeful. I need not say 
that such work is heavy for a man in the sixties or 
that it entails extra expense. This county is 
peculiar in its make-up, both in population and 
creed — we have " soul sleepers," Mormons, Advent- 
ists, besides all the decent denominations, native and 
foreign, in this one county, and our work is the 
youngest, as " Comity " kept us out for some years. 

Rev. Vaclav Losa {Bohemian), Clarhon: — 
Clarkson Station developed lately into a church, 
which I organized in April, and the Presbytery of 
Omaha enrolled this new church at the last meet- 
ing. This church has now sixty -five members ; 
they have their own building for worship, and 
though most of the families are among the poorest 
class of people, yet there are signs for healthy 
growth of this church in every direction. At least, 
I can assure you, there are a great many souls in 
this vicinity which ought to be influenced by this 
church and finally brought to Christ, as there is no 
other church in the town and none for many miles 
in any direction from this town. 



MONTANA. 
Rev. O. P. Rider, Hamilton: — Last Sunday 
was a red-letter day in the history of Grantsdale 
Church, when we received five on profession of 
their faith. Only one person had ever been so re- 
ceived before in all its history (since 1887) of 
eleven years. There were ten who united with the 
Hamilton Church March 6, 1898. This was more 
than at any other time in all its history of five 
years. The work moves on in spite of the world, 
the flesh and the devil. 



MINNESOTA. 
Rev. William C. Laube, St. Paul : — On Easter 
we celebrated the Lord's Supper and received 
sixteen new members, all on confession of faith. 
There were two families among them, one a newly 
married couple and the other in middle life, with 
whom united also a son and a daughter of seven- 
teen and fifteen years of age, respectively. 



1898.1 



UTAH — WASHINGTON— WISCONSIN. 



61 



NEVADA. 

Kev. J. M. Donaldson, Wells: — We are wor- 
shiping in our new church at Wells. It is very 
pretty and comfortable and the people are delighted 
to have a House of God in which to hold divine 
services. The attendance is unusually large since 
opening and on dedication day in July we hope to 
have some accessions to our membership. The 
members work very well, but their number is so 
small it is difficult for them to raise much for 
Christ. We are hoping for increased numbers and 
zeal. Our church cost about $2200. There is a 
debt of $300 remaining which we hope to liquidate 
soon. 

Services are held alternately at Wells and Star 
Valley. The Sundays I am absent from either the 
evening service is conducted by the young people' s 
societies. Star Valley is about sixteen miles from 
Wells. 

UTAH. 

Rev. Theodore ' Lee, Spanish Fork: — David 
said, "I have seen the wicked in great power and 
spreading himself like a green bay tree." That is 
a good description of Mormonism to-day. Not 
only have they been sending out their young men 
by the hundreds and by the thousands, but now they 
are beginning to send out their young women. 
Quite recently they have appointed three young 
lady missionaries. Two have gone to labor in 
England and one to the Southern Conference. 
These are the first lady missionaries appointed by 
the Mormon Church. One is the daughter of a 
former citizen of Spanish Fork now a professor in 
Brigham Young Academy, Provo City. The Mor- 
mon Church is thus proving itself active, vigorous 
and aggressive. It is often active in both temporal 
and spiritual affairs. In proof of its temporal 
power we have only to note the recent address of 
Apostle Brigham Young, Jr., in the tabernacle. He 
advised the young men of Utah not to enlist to 
fight against Spain. It required a letter from the 
president of the Church to save the good (?) name 
of the State and secure a sufficient number of 
volunteers. There is no question but that Young 
voiced the real sentiment of the Mormon people. 

Here is a fact which illustrates the superstition 
of the people. We have it from the mother of 
one who took part in it. A certain Mormon died 
and was buried. After the grave had been filled 
and the friends returned to their houses and night 
had come on, it occurred to his near relatives that 
they had neglected to make certain marks on his 
1 1 endowment robes " or " garments. ' ' Whereupon 
they exhumed the body, placed the "sacred" 
marks upon the robes and buried it again. 



During the quarter we have held a Christian tem- 
perance oratorical contest, at which all the contest- 
ants were Mormon young ladies. About three hun- 
dred were present. We have held in our chapel the 
Utah County Sabbath-school Association. Between 
sixty and one hundred delegates were present. 
But the Mormons left us severely alone. 

We are finding our work more difficult and ex- 
pect it to be still more so before it is better. Our 
Sabbath -school averages over fifty, but our preach- 
ing services are not as well attended as we wish 
they were. At times we feel very much encouraged 
and then again we are disappointed. 

WASHINGTON. 

Rev. T. C. Armstrong, Northport : — This morn- 
ing the town suddenly suffered a great calamity. 
At five o'clock our church bell gave the alarm of 
fire and in two hours there was almost a clean 
sweep of the entire business portion of the town, 
only one brick building remaining. Our church 
property was not disturbed. Out of the sixteen 
saloons only three remain. So we may be nearly 
a dry town for a few weeks. Of course it is the 
history of new wooden towns. Now the town will 
be built anew with brick. 



Rev.T. M. Gunn, D.D., Lalona:— The Presby- 
tery meets Thursday and holds over the Sabbath. It 
does very thorough work and its tonic effect on the 
churches where its sessions are held is uniformly 
quite perceptible. The liberality of the Indian 
churches is still advancing. The Moscow Church, 
under Rev. David D. Ghormley, has reached self- 
support. Several new fields have been opened and 
probably five churches will be added to our rolls in 
the next six months. 



WISCONSIN. 

Rev. Thomas C. Hill, Neillsville : — Two weeks 
ago we commenced union evangelistic services 
conducted by the Rev. Mr. Hills, whom the Metho- 
dist minister here recommended. To begin with, 
there were good meetings and great earnestness 
evinced. But the declaration of war turned the 
interest in that direction, and when our company 
of volunteers here received their marching orders, 
the interest decreased and the attendance fell off. 
However, we hope the work done will yet bear 
fruit. One hundred and seven of our young men 
left our city on Thursday forenoon for the camp- 
ing ground, Milwaukee, and left many anxious 
parents behind. 



62 



WISCONSIN — WYOMING — APPOINTMENTS. 



[July, 



Rev. L. C. Smith, Supt.:—I visited Crandon 
and North Crandon, where there has been no preach- 
ing for two years and over. Here an elder reads a 
sermon every Sunday morning and the Endeavor 
society conducts the evening service. Without any 
pastor the C. E. society held a series of revival ser- 
vices and eighteen joined the church. The pros- 
pects are that the two churches will be supplied 
soon with regular preaching. 

In December I spent ten days in evangelistic ser- 
vices with the Bethel Church at Ashland (Chip- 
pewa Presbytery). Here forty- eight people con- 
fessed Christ. I also found a debt of $65 oppress- 
ing the people, and before I left they were assured 
it would be lifted. 

The first of January I began a series of meetings 
with the First Presbyterian Church of Bangor, 
Wis., and after continuing for a week, began 
services in Westminster Chapel, La Crosse. A 
week of services here was followed by special meet- 
ings in Grace Chapel in the same city, and the last 
week of the month was spent with Kev. J. W. 
Ford at Greenwood, Wis. 

In all services held there were fine audiences. 
Houses were crowded and much interest was mani- 
fested. At Bangor forty people signified a desire to 
begin a Christian life. About the same number 
professed conversion at Grace and Westminster 
Chapels in La Crosse. The month of February 
was spent with the Presbytery of Madison, where I 
labored for two weeks with Rev. C. A. Adams, at 
Cottage Grove and Bryn Mawr and for the last two 
weeks with Kev. R. Pughe at Oregon, Wis. The 
churches under the care of Rev. C. A. Adams were 
greatly blessed and a large number confessed Christ. 
The churches were filled nightly and more attentive 
audiences no one ever had. At Oregon the con- 



[APPOINTMENTS. 



APRIL. 



S. C. Faris, Candler, 1st, and Weirsdale, Fla. 

J. A. Hughes, Starke and Waldo, " 

P. Heiligman, Titusville, " 

J. H. Potter, Eustia, 1st, " 

G. A. Hutchison, GrizzlyBluff and Port Kenyon, Cal. 

W. Baesler, Blue Lake, 1st, and Bayside, " 
H. W. Chapman, Lakeport, Kelseyville and stations, " 

J. R. Sinclair, Nordhoff, Ojai, " 

T. C. Kirkwood, D.D., Synodical Missionary, Colo. 

H. W. Rankin, Synodical Evangelist, " 

M. H. MacLeod, Alamosa, 1st, " 

R. J. Lamb, McAlester, 1st, and Krebs, I. T. 

S. Bohanan, Catechist, " 

C. W. Burks, Full Blood Indian Work, " 
S. R. Eoam, San Bois, Choctaw, Pine Ridge and Bethel, " 

M. E. Wright, Atoka and Lehigh, " 

H. R. Schemerhorn, Mena, 1st, Ark. 

H. A. Tucker, Wister, Wilburton and Talihina, " 



ditions were different. The most terrific snow- 
storm of the season prevented the opening of the 
meetings at the date advertised and the deep snow 
kept many from attending. Quite a number did 
make a confession and later reports from Bro. 
Pughe indicate that the church will be strength- 
ened to a considerable degree. 

The month of March was spent in part in Mil- 
waukee Presbytery. I visited Carroll College and 
preached to the students each day. Attendance 
upon the services was voluntary, but the number 
remaining increased daily until eighty of the one 
hundred students were at the service. After a week 
of meetings twenty-two were known to have given 
their hearts to the Master. A large number of the 
students were already Christians. 



WYOMING. 
Rev. Charles M. Shepard, Evanston :— The 
growth of Mormonism in this town and county is 
something portentious and disquieting. Nine years 
ago they had no church building in Evanston and 
only a slight hold in the county. Now they have 
the finest church in town and the largest congrega- 
tion. Moreover, they are rapidly building good 
churches and occupying the county for forty miles 
east of here. They hold the balance of power in 
the State, and quite control the western half. They 
are actively colonizing the west lands and probably 
in ten years will have things all their own way in 
Wyoming. Our leading men are dependent upon 
them politically and otherwise, so that they are not 
willing to antagonize them in any way. It is not 
practicable to do any aggressive work on that 
account, and yet our only chance, it seems to me, 
lies in stirring up the Gentiles to do something to 
keep the State out of Mormon control. 



W. A. Scott, Grimes, 1st, and Ridgedale, 

J. H. McArthur, Davenport, 2d, and stations, 

H. Gill, Wall Lake, 1st, 

J. M. Linn, Inwood, 

A. G. Marty n, Denison, 1st, 

J. Wynia, Osceola, Ebenezer and stations, 

W. J. A. Wenn, Walnut, 1st, 

R. M. Wimmell, Edna, 1st, and stations, 

E. W. Beeson, Yates Centre, 1st, 

J. M. Batchelder, Osborne, 

J. Marhoff, Hamilton, 

J. W. Holt, Lakefield and stations, 

H. Wilson, Mackinaw City, 1st, 

S. Megaw, Maple Ridge, 1st, and Omer, 

C. B. Harvey, Pastor-at-Large, 

J. F. McLeod, Herman, 1st, and station, 

J. S. Handyside, Kerkhoven, 1st, 

E. A. Wood, Chester and station, 

W. C. Templeton, Monett, 1st, 

W. 0. Stephen, Macon, 1st, 

G. W. Beam, Ethel, 1st, and Marceline, 



Iowa. 



Kans. 



Mich. 



Minn. 



Mo. 



1898.1 



APPOINTMENTS. 



63 



W. E. Knight, Milan Sullivan, 1st, and stations, Mo. 

J. H. Vanden Hook, Manhattan, 2d, Mont. 

W. Hays, Missoula, " 
N. S. Lowrie, South Fork, Lambert, Bethany and In- 

man, Neb. 

C. H. Cook, Sacaton, 1st, Pima Indian and stations, Ariz. 

A. Mclntyre, Aztec and Flora Vista, N. M. 
J. Austin, Hannah and Cypress, N. D. 
W. H. Dierdoff, Klamath Falls, Oreg 
G. A. McKinlay, Spring Valley, McCoy and stations, " 

D. M. Davenport, Lebanon, 1st, " 
G. R. Brabham, Chambersburg, Hope Chapel, Pa. 
W. Burton, Langford, 1st, S. D. 
C. H. Foland, Edgemont, 1st, and station, " 

B. F. Pearson, Hot Springs, 1st, " 
W. Davidson, Volga, 1st, " 
W. B. Bloys, Ft. Davis and Alpine, Tex. 
A. S. Carver, Seymour, 1st, and Throckmorton, " 
W. S. Smith, Caldwell, 1st, Ida. 
G. L. Deffenbaugh, Cceur d'Alene, 1st, " 
S. E. Wishard, D.D., Synodical Missionary, Utah. 
N. E. Clemenson, Logan, Brick, " 
T. Lee, Spanish Fork, Assembly and station, " 
S. Jackson, D.D., Presbyterial Missionary, Alaska. 

A. McKenzie, La Camas, St. John's, Wash. 
W. Cobleigh, Hoquiam and Ocosta, " 
H. El well, Castle Rock, 1st, and Toledo, " 
G. S. Rice, Kelso, 1st, Napavine and stations, " 
T. MacGuire, Pastor-at-Large, " 
R. Boyd, Port Townsend, 1st, « 
T. Coyle, Everett, 1st, " 

B. F. Miller, Wenatchee and Mission, " 
J. V. Milligan, Ellensburg, 1st, " 
N. McLeod, Pastor-at-Large, " 

MAY. 

J. H. Stewart, Presbyterial Evangelist, Cal. 

S. M. Adsit, Tustin, " 

F. A. Doane, San Francisco, Mizpah, " 
L. T. Burbank, Fresno, Armenian, 1st, " 
W. H. Wieman, Orosi, St. James and Dinuba, " 
R. Ballagh, Piano and station, " 
M. T. A. White, Oakdale, 1st, and stations, " 
S. W. Pringle, Pueblo, Westminster, Colo. 
L. R. Smith, Pine River, Calvary and station, " 

C. C. Weith, Enid, O. T. 
W. M. Hamilton, Tahlequah, 1st, I. T. 
W. T. King, Vinita, 1st, " 

E. H. Broyles, Claremore, 1st, " 
T. W. Perryman, Broken Arrow, Indian and station, " 
L. Dobson, Claremore Mound and Oowala, " 

E. P. Robertson, Melvin, Pleasant Valley and Eureka, " 

G. Johnson, Wewoka, Indian, " 
J. Smallwood, Rabbit Trap, Indian and stations, " 

D. Fife, Mekusukey, Achena, " 
J. Yarbaugh, Davis, Indian, " 
D. Smallwood, Indian Interpreter, " 
J. K. Hall, Bellevue, 1st, Iowa. 
R. E. Blackman, Avoca, " 
J. H. Kerr, Casey, " 
J. E. Drake, General Missionary to the Germans, " 
J. S. Phillips, Frankville, 

F. J. Chamberlin, Lohrville, 1st, and station, " 
J. Vallier, Lake Park, 1st, and station, " 
W. L. Vincent. Dysart, " 
J. II. Fazel, Wichita, Oak Street, Kans. 
J. R. McQuown, Caldwell, 1st, 

H. S. Christian, Florence, " 

S. R. Anderson, Clear Water, 1st, and Indianola, " 



D K. Steele, Howard, 1st, and stations, Kans. 

0. J. Gregg, White City and Wilsey, " 
J. K. Miller, Belle Plain, 1st, and Silver Creek, 

G. S. Lake, D.D., New Salem, 1st, Walnut Valley and 

stations, " 
J. A. Sankey, Cottonwood Falls, 

D. G. Richards, Morris, Welcome and station, " 

B. Hoffman, Salem, German and stations, " 
H. Farwell, Harper, 1st, " 
G. E. Bicknell, Syracuse, 1st, and Kendall, " 
D. Kingery, Lakin, 1st, " 
S. W. Mitchell, Scammon and Weir City, " 

C. M. Cantrall, Moran, 1st, and Toronto, " 
A. C. Keeler, Norton, 1st, and station, 

M. Bowman, Fairport and station, " 

S. B. Lucas, Lincoln and Vesper, " 

D. Wallace, Barnard and Fountain, " 
N. J. Lott, Kanopolis, Elkhorn, Harmony and stations, " 
G. McKay, Manchester and Cheever, " 
II. W. Clark, Clyde and Webber, 1st, " 
T. F. Walton, Columbia, 1st, and Ebenezer, Ky. 
W. C. Axer, Port Huron, Mich. 
J. S. Jewell, Gladstone, Westminster, " 
S. A. Jamieson, Pastor-at-Large, Minn 

1. E. Markus, Samaria and Bethlehem, Swedish, 

J. A. Paige, McNair Memorial and Thomson, " 

F. E. Higgins, New Duluth, House of Hope, Fon du 

Lac and station, " 

P. Knudsen, Pine City, 1st, and stations, " 

G. Gerrie, Fulda, 1st, and Dundee, " 
T. D. Acheson, Mendenhall Memorial and station, " 
J. B. Astwood, Alliance and Deerhorn, " 
L. H. Hayenga, Winona, German, " 
J. A. McKay, Davis City, Iowa and Akron, Mo. 

E. W. Symonds, St. Joseph, Hope, 

H. W. Marshall, Marble Hill, White Water, Cornwall 

and Alliance, " 

J. E. Ley da, Jonesboro and Ridge Station, Ark. 

P. A. Tinkham, Bloomington, 1st, and Republican 

City, Neb. 

A. Krebs, Campbell, German and two stations, " 

T. Morning, Randolph, " 

C. E. Lukens, M.D., Laguna, Indian, N. M. 
M. F. Trippe, five Indian churches and four stations, N. Y. 
G. Runciman, two Indian churches and one station, " 
W. O. Wright, Milesburg, Moshannon and Snow Shoe, Pa. 

F. F. Christine, Centre Hill, Sinking Creek, Centre 
Hall and Spring Mill, " 

D. Aquarone, Hazleton, Italian, " 

E. Brown, Wolsey and Earlville, S. D. 
E. M. Lumm, Flandreau, 2d, and stations, " 
J. W. C. Willoughby, New Decatur, Westminster, " 
A. Moore, Huntsville, Tenn. 
E. McNutt, Houston, Westminster, Tex. 
A. N. Perryman, Stephenville and Glen Rose, 

R. P. Boyd, Paris, Hastings and vicinity, Ida. 

W. A. Hough, Malad and Rockland, 

W. Parker, Bonners Ferry, 1st, and station, 

E. N. Condit, Walla Walla, 1st, Wash. 

M. Montieth, Kamiah, 2d, Indian, Ida. 

S. Perkins, Denver, 1st, " 

W. Wheeler, North Fork, Indian, " 

R. Parsons, Meadow Creek, 1st, Indian, " 

J. H. Condit, Juneau, White, Alaska- 

C. Thwing, M.D., Fort Wrangel, 

T. M. Waller, Chetek, 1st, Wis. 

K. Knudsen, Couillardville, Stiles, Little River and 

Oak Orchard, " 

C. L. Overstreet, West Merrill, " 



Young People's Christian Endeavor, 



The offerings of Presbyterian Christian En- 
deavor societies for the work of home missions dur- 
ing the past year amount to $24,344. 

* * 

* 

Cherokee Gospel Tidings is a Christian monthly 
for Cherokee speaking people, published by the 
Sabbath school Committee of the Presbytery of 
Sequoyah. One page is in EDglish. 

* * 

Presbyterian young people's societies in the 
fruit-growing districts of California now propose to 
make contributions of dried fruit to the schools 
and hospitals of Alaska and Arizona. 

*** 

1 ' How can we best serve our Master ? ' ' was the 
key-thought of a district Endeavor convention re- 
cently held in Alvin, Texas. The matter of per- 
sonal work in soul winning was kept to the 
forefront. 

* 

One of our home mission letters on another page 
tells how a Presbyterian Christian Endeavor society 
in a pastorless church conducted a series cf revival 
services, which resulted in an accession of eighteen 
persons to the church. 

Dr. Kobert F. Horton says in his " Success and 
Failure :" 

Success lies not in achieving what you aim at, 
but in aiming at what you ought to achieve, and 
pressing forward, sure of achievement here, or if 
not here, hereafter. 

The General Assembly adopted the following : 
Resolved, That this Assembly recognizes the great 
work accomplished by the young people of our 
Church, and hereby expresses its appreciation of 
their earnest spirit and faithful labors and bids 
them Godspeed in their work. 

* * 

* 

The Christian Endeavor watchword for this 
year in Utah is, ' l Something for everybody to do, 
and everybody doing something." Reporting this, 
The Kinsman says : Daniel Webster is credited 
with the sentiment that to act blindly from the 
conviction that ' ' Something must be done ' ' is the 
parent of disaster. But, unless there is an intelli- 
gent conviction that some thing ("definite and clearly 
seen) must be done, nothing will be done. That is 
the meaning of the motto. 



The young people of the Presbyterian Church 
are invited to make a patriotic offering for the 
debt of the Board of Home Missions, on Sunday, 
July 3. Dr. Thompson, whose appeal may be 
found on page 50, hopes that each young people's 
society will send as many dollars as there are 
members. 



A traveling man, an earnest Presbyterian, who 
went out of his way to attend a helpful religious 
service, took a seat between two men who, like 
Barnabas, were full of faith and of the Holy Ghost. 
When he arose to speak he said, " I feel as if I had 
received an electric shock while sitting between 
those two earnest Christian men." 



The Alaska Christian Endeavor Mission is a new 
enterprise of the Congregational Church. Its Home 
Missionary and Sunday-school societies unite in 
commissioning a missionary, the Rev. L. L. Wirt, 
and ask the Congregational Endeavor societies to 
contribute the funds necessary to support the mis- 
sion. 




Uncle Tom.' 



65 



66 



young people's christian endeavok. 



[July, 




Miss Cornelia White. 

" It may be, girls," said Alice Freeman Palmer 
at Wellesley, ' ' that you may not be able to get 
any more bread and butter in this world by going 
to college, but believe me when I tell you that a 
college education will make every morsel of bread 
and butter that you eat taste the sweeter to you 
forever." 



Progressive missionary studies in our Sabbath- 
schools were recommended at the missionary con- 
ference at Winona. 

The position of The Church at Home and 
Abroad is that the one work of the Church 
through its various agencies should be taught in 
our Sabbath- schools. 



Miss Cornelia White is remembered as one of 
the most devoted of our missionaries to the Indians. 
She was one of the teachers in Wells College 
while Mrs. Grover Cleveland was a student there. 
But her long- cherished purpose was to devote her 
life to work for the Indians, and she went to the 
Sisseton Agency, South Dakota. In a little leaf- 
let entitled "One of our Missionaries," Mrs. Finks 
tells of her unselfish disposition, her rarely beauti- 
ful character, and of how the Indians recognized 
at once that in her they had a true, sympathetic 
and intelligent friend. Her ingenuity and quiet 
persistence conquered difficulties and compelled 
success. By her wisdom and tact she was able to 
make work popular among the Indians. None 
who read the leaflet will soon forget the touching 
little incident which illustrates the governing 
spirit of Miss White's life. 



A Christian Chinese named his little son Mu-dee, 
and explained to an American missionary that 
"Mu" means "love," and "Dee" is the name 
used by many of the English for "God." But 
he asked : "Is there not a very good man in your 
country, who is the means of making many know 
and love God, whose name is Mr. Mu-dee?" 



Mr. Ira D. Sankey, traveling in Egypt, wrote 
of his visit to Cairo : "I have seen the face of 
Rameses the Third and Rameses the Great and 
many other dead things, but one of the livest 
things I have yet discovered is the Young People's 
Society of Christian Endeavor of Cairo, where I 
had the privilege of speaking at their regular 
4 P. M. meeting." 



A suggestion in one of our exchanges may be 
adapted thus to the work of the missionary com- 
mittee. Let the committee provide itself with as 
many pictures of our missionaries as possible. Let 
a photograph be kept in one home for a week, put 
in a conspicuous place, and the missionary made a 
subject of special prayer. Then let the photograph 
be exchanged, and a new face and name be 
substituted. 



The leader of one Presbyterian Endeavor society 
writes : "The members of my society are so scat- 
tered that they cannot be gathered to take up regu- 
larly the Christian Training Course. The best I 
have thus far been able to do is to read the ' Mis- 
sionary' to them from the magazine, while the 
pastor devotes a portion of each Wednesday even- 
ing to the books of the Bible. Perhaps with 
patience and perseverance more can be accom- 
plished in the future." 



The Rev. James Caldwell, one of the patriotic 
Presbyterians of the Revolution, was settled at 
Elizabethtown, N. J., in 1761. In June, 1776, 
he joined the Jersey regiment. During a conflict 
at Springfield in 1780, the wadding of a company of 
soldiers failed. Caldwell hastened to the Presby- 
terian church, and filling his pockets and his arms 
with Watts' psalms and hymns, rode back to the 
company, and, as he scattered the books here and 
there, he cried out, "Now put Watts into them, 
boys. ' ' Our frontispiece shows the statue of Cald- 
well, in the front wall of the Witherspoon Build- 
ing. 



1898.] 



YOUNG PEOPLE'S CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR. 



67 



The missionary conference at the General Assem- 
bly adopted this resolution : 

That we rejoice in the growing spirit of missions 
on the part of our young people's societies, and we 
recommend that as individual societies or as so- 
cieties in groups, under the direction of their re- 
spective sessions, they be encouraged to assume the 
partial or total support of one or more representa- 
tives on the foreign field. 



Every Christian ought to have a larger view of 
Christianity than his own personal relation to the 
local church or community to which he belongs. 
Nothing so broadens a man's view of Christ's king- 
dom as the realization that each individual life has 
relations to the whole Church and the whole world. 
The reports of the gatherings of church officers 
ought to stimulate us all to larger giving and more 
energetic service. — Michigan Pn 



Of the 6506 young people's societies that were 
reported to the General Assembly, 5281 are Chris- 
tian Endeavor, 981 are missionary, 192 are inde- 
pendent, nineteen are Westminster Leagues, 
fifteen are King's Daughters, eleven are Boys> 
Brigades and seven are Brotherhoods of Andrew 
and Philip. 

*** 

Dean Farrar, in that delightful volume of 
reminiscences, ''Men I have Known," says 
he never knew a kindlier, 
more large-hearted, or more 
lovable man than Mr. George 
W. Childs. He never made 
any secret of the fact that he 
had risen from the very hum- 
blest and lowest position. 
From an office boy, by con 
duct and character he rose 
rapidly to wealth, influence 
and universal respect. "From 
the first day that I owned the 
Public Ledger," he said, "I 
made up my mind that noth- 
ing mean or dishonorable, no 
malignant gossip, no debasing 
reports, should stain its 
pages." More than any man 
I ever knew, he found his 
highest, almost his exclusive, 
happiness in doing works of* 
personal kindness and public 
munificence. He gave to 
Westminster Abbey the beau- 
ful window in honor to the 
poets Herbert and Cowper, 
a window in St. Margaret's to 
Milton's memory. He erected 
the memorial fountain to 
Shakespeare at Stratford-on- 
Avon, and a memorial window 
to Bishop Ken. And so far 
from making much of his mu- 
nificence, he regarded himself 
as indebted to those who had 

called it forth. 

From 



Mrs. Isabella Bird Bishop suggests that we pray 
for the missionaries in their unknown as well as 
their known trials, that they may receive strength 
from above and guidance and help and patience ; 
that they may have perseverance in well doing ; 
that the enthusiasm with which they started in 
their labor of love may be rightly guided for the 
conversion of souls. 




GEORGE WILLIAM CHILDS. 
Men I Ua\e Known," T. Y. Crowell and Co. 



68 



THE CHINESE IN THE UNITED STATES — GOD'S UNIVERSITY. 



[July 




Rev. Soo Hoo Nam Art. 

THE CHINESE IN THE UNITED STATES. 

After careful consideration of the questions in- 
volved, the Board has felt constrained to transfer 
to other Presbyterian agencies all its work among 
the Chinese and Japanese in this country, except 
that in San Francisco. 

Two useful members of the Presbytery of San 
Francisco are the Rev. Ng' Poon Chew and the 
Rev. Soo Hoo Nam Art, who were converted in 
the Chinese mission and are devoting all their en- 
ergies to Christian work among their countrymen. 

The report says that in numbers, loyalty, in the 
additions to the church by baptisms and in con- 
tributions, this year has been the best year ever 
known in the mission to the Chinese in California. 
Forty-four persons have been baptized and thirty- 
eight received on confession of their faith in 
Christ. Dr. Condit writes that for the first time 
it has been his privilege to welcome to the full 
communion of the church one who had been 
baptized in infancy. This is the son of elder Low 
Toy, a bright, useful young man. 

Christian young men, converted in the Chinese 
mission of California, feeling the need of a house of 
worship in their native village of Sung Ning, 
China, resolved to build. With the aid of their 
California brethen they raised a sufficient sum, 
$3000, and now the Kong tuk Lai-Pai Tong, or 
Condit Church, stands as a monument to the 
faithful instruction given to these young men in 
California, and to their own consecrated effort. A 



native pastor and teacher are supported by the 
Chinese Christians in California. 



GOD'S UNIVERSITY. 

The Advance speaks an encouraging word to 
young people who by restraining circumstances 
seem to be cut off from the advantages of college 
and university training. If they feel a strong 
desire to be shaped by such training, and cannot 
go to colleges founded by men, they may enjoy the 
advantages of a university of which God is the 
founder and perpetual chancellor. God made 
man an educable being and placed him in a uni- 
verse admirably adapted to call forth and develop 
all his powers. Illimitable space is the seat of 
this university ; the remotest stars lie within the 
pale of its campus ; the sun is but one illuminated 
volume of its universal library ; within its Science 
Hall, roofed in by the vast dome of heaven, every 
science may be studied at first hand ; and so com- 
prehensive is the course that no one can pass 
through all its grades and carry off all the degrees. 
Young people who are hungry for knowledge and 
have not the means and the opportunity to pursue 
college studies, are in a university after all, and 
there is no limit to the variety and extent of the 
knowledge they may acquire. Hugh Miller's 
" Schools and Schoolmasters" were not colleges 
and professors, but the world around him, the 
quarries where he cut stone, the educative experi- 
ences of real life. One may be in the classroom 




Rev. Ng' Poon Chew. 



1898.] 



THE CHURCH AND THE YOUNG PEOPLE. 



69 



every day, and learn much, if his eyes are open. 
If he cannot go to schools and colleges and study 
books written by men, he may, in God's Univer- 
sity, study treatises written by the divine hand. 



THE CHUECH AND THE YOUNG 
PEOPLE. 
The fourfold mission of the Church, says a wri- 
ter in the Baptist Union, is the salvation of the 
individual ; his edification in spiritual graces ; his 
education in useful knowledge ; the evangelization 
of the world through him. The young people's 
society is one of the means through which the 
Church is seeking to realize this mission. By it 
the experience and wisdom of the older members 
may be projected into the future of the Church. 
There need be no rivalry nor jealousy between the 
old and young ; no seeking on the part of the old 
to shift their responsibilities upon the young, nor 
on the part of the young to displace the old. The 
society affords an opportunity for age to instruct 
youth ; experience, inexperience. The teacher is 
not jealous of his pupil nor the artist of his 



apprentice. Through him he propagates himself. 
The Christian loves the Christian graces and vir- 
tues too well to be jealous lest another excel in 
them. The increased numbers which the churches 
will save by this new endeavor gives promise of 
continued soundness in the faith. The young 
Christian is taught to demonstrate his knowledge 
of doctrine by presenting it to another so convinc- 
ingly as to cause him to accept it. These societies 
are developing a higher degree of piety in the 
church, and piety is a safeguard of doctrine. The 
societies give strength and permanence to the dis- 
tinctive and fundamental principles of the denomi- 
nation by increasing intelligence concerning the 
Scriptures and denominational history and by pro- 
moting missionary intelligence. The Church is 
availing herself of the enthusiasm of youth, while 
she secures to herself the safety of the controlling 
hand of experience. She is kindling the fires of 
youthful zeal in the furnace, setting the energy 
of young blood throbbing in the steam chest, while 
the sympathetic hand of age and experience holds 
the throttle and the brake. 





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Christian Americanized Chinamen, 
From The Chinaman, 



70 



OUR YOUNG PEOPLE AND MIS8ION8. 



[July, 



OUR YOUNG PEOPLE AND MISSIONS. 

MRS. N. D. HILLIS. 

Young people have ever had a prominent place 
in Christ's Church. From the time when he left 
this world at the age of thirty-three, leaving be- 
hind him twelve young disciples to carry on his 
message and work, young people have been many 
among his messengers. Forty days after his death 
the number of his disciples had increased to 3000 ; 
forty days more and young feet were speeding 
north to Greece and Gaul and distant Spain ; were 
speeding south to Alexandria, Hippo and Car- 
thage ; and ever since the roll of those young mes- 
sengers has lengthened. Young Xavier pushed 
through China and India to far Japan ; young 
Alexander Duff, 100 years ago, sailed for unknown 
India. In this country foreign mission work was 
begun at the famous Haystack prayer meeting, a 
meeting whose words, like the shot at Concord, 
have "echoed round the world." Judson, Nott, 
Newell and Wright might well be called " Student 
Volunteers," for it was in their student days that 
they meditated their daring mission. To-day we 
send out as new missionaries only those who are 
young. History therefore furnishes reason for de- 
siring interest among our young people. There is 
no question in our mission work of more vital im- 
portance than how to inspire in our young people 
a deeper interest in foreign missions. The problem 
involves more than the mere securing a given in- 
come to our Boards, or supplying workers for 
foreign church, school and college ; it is the very 
foundation upon which rests the future of missions ; 
it is also that upon which the future of the Church 
at home depends, since that Church is doomed 
whose interests are self-centred. 

Gone forever the time when lasting results are 
to be obtained from irregular and impulsive 
methods. As in every other field, here also there 
is a tremendous competition. Unfortunately not 
competition to create an interest in missions. 
May that happy day soon arrive. To-day clubs 
and social gaieties compete with us for the attention 
of young people. The time has come when the 
only hope for obtaining interest that shall be at all 
permanent is missionary education. Fire asks for 
fuel. Enthusiasm that is lasting comes only from 
knowledge. We like to do that which we can do 
well. Ignorance blunders, skill is training. For- 
tunately this work is well begun. The three great 
movements among the young people, the Y. P. S. 
C. E., the Student Volunteers, and more especially 
among the colleges, the Y. M. C. A. , have done 
the work of organization. Through meetings and 
conventions they have developed marvelous inter- 



est in missions. The era of education has fully 
come. No thoughtful mind can look upon these 
three marvelous movements, their growth in num- 
bers, their practical and consecrated work, without 
being deeply conscious that there is ' ' the sound of 
a going in the tops of the mulberry trees" and 
that young David has bestirred himself, knowing 
that the Lord is going forth to smite the host of the 
Philistines, indeed, but also to usher in the era of 
peace on earth, good-will to men. 

During this year the Endeavorers have empha- 
sized three points : (1) Loyal ity to denomination ; 
(2) the Quiet Hour, and (3) the Tenth Legion. 
Society holds no other organization of like size, 
which spends its strength and energies in develop- 
ing an interest resulting in contributions every 
penny of which goes through other channels than 
its own and this too upon its own recommendation. 
Yet this is precisely what the National C. E. is 
doing for our churches. Indeed it takes a stronger 
position than the churches themselves, in urging 
the Endeavorers to give to no object which is not 
first approved by the pastors. As a result of this 
training in the year ending July last, 10,500 so- 
cieties in different denominations gave at least $10 
each to missions through their own church boards. 

Momentous also the issues of the Quiet Hour. 
Since " God has determined that prayer shall have 
a positive and appreciable influence in directing 
the course of a human life," the cultivation of the 
habit of prayer and the dependence upon prayer 
through the "Quiet Hour" is a step of greatest 
importance. That a great company of young 
people should be trained in this supreme duty and 
through it recognize the necessity and influence of 
God's presence means much to missions. God and 
eternity alone can measure the influence set in mo- 
tion by the Morning Watch of these earnest, en- 
thusiastic, confident young hearts. 

The Tenth Legion also with its systematic giving 
promises to exalt the whole Church. Strange that 
many of us have been eligible to membership in its 
ranks for years and yet it was left for the Endeav- 
orers to start this movement. Whatever we may 
say in criticism of emotional enthusiasm, let us con- 
fess that a society that can number more than 8900 
tenth- givers among its numbers in less than two 
years commands the sympathy and cooperation of 
mission workers everywhere. Even more devoted 
to foreign missions have been the Student Volun- 
teers. When their organization first appeared some 
regarded it somewhat as Emerson's critics regarded 
his philosophy, as two- thirds mist, one- third moon- 
shine. But 1173 missionaries in actual service, 
and the gifts of college students to foreign missions 
increased from $4000 to $50,000, is quite substan- 



1898] 



THE WORLD IN A NUTSHELL. 



71 



tial mist and the moon is still shining. The four- 
years course of missionary study systematically 
carried out by the Volunteers in the various col- 
leges is a preparation such as few mission workers 
have had opportunity to enjoy and well fits them 
for the work they are now beginning, the field cam- 
paign. Originating with two of our ministers, 
Dr. Marshall and Mr. Hulburt, it is this summer 
being adopted very generally by the Student Vol- 
unteers. The plan involves the following elements : 
Under the auspices of the Missionary Boards stu- 
dents will spend their summer vacation in a tour 
among the churches, visiting two societies each 
week, and when practicable visiting every church 
in the presbytery to which they go. They will 
carry with them missionary literature and visit 
the homes. They will conduct two missionary ser- 
vices, one for young people and one general ser- 
vice. In the vicinity of Chicago, Student Volun- 
teers have been accepted by the Boards of four 
denominations — the Methodists, Congregational, 
Baptist and Presbyterian. 

Here then is a unique opportunity for coopera- 
tion. The secretaries of the Board of Foreign 
Missions in New York have given their indorse- 
ment, influential clergymen have been consulted as 
to their fitness for the work, it remains now for the 
pastors and missionary workers in the societies to 
determine how far this shall extend. 

Another consideration demands emphasis, mis- 
sionary education through libraries and reading 
circles. The machinery here is well developed. 
Courses of reading have been arranged by nearly 
all of our missionary periodicals. There is also a full 
plan of study laid out for the Volunteers, which 
can be pursued by others. Different publishers 
have issued most interesting missionary books at 
slight cost. The list of books suitable for mis- 
sionary libraries is growing rapidly. Perhaps the 
one which the Student Volunteers will carry with 
them on the field campaign supplies the greatest 
quantity of the best quality at the smallest cost 
of any list yet offered. In many churches such 
reading circles exist, including members of all the 
societies. Such work is permanent. As we go 
back to Paul for guidance in other matters, let us 
also recall his advice to Timothy, "Until I come, 
give attention unto reading," and what his treas- 
ures were we read between the words, ' ' Bring with 
thee the books, but especially the parchments." 

The marvelous growth in numbers of the Y. P. 
S. C. E. to a membership of more than 3,000,000 
in sixteen years, and the wonderful conventions of 
the Student Volunteer Movement, such as that re- 
cently held at Cleveland, interpret for us what Dr. 
McCosh has characterized as the greatest missionary 



revival since the first century. Similar manifesta- 
tions are the extension of the Y. M. C. A. to the 
colleges of India, China, Japan and other countries 
which we are wont to call heathen. Marvelous, too, 
the widespread growth of the C. E. upon the foreign 
field. But the growth in numbers is not the meas- 
ure of their progress. This is the sparkle and 
foam upon the surface which has sometimes hidden 
rather than revealed the depth and strength of the 
current beneath. The real indication of the mean- 
ing and permanence of these movements is the 
increasingly spiritual life. This is manifested in 
many ways : outwardly by their loyalty to denom- 
ination and the Tenth Legion, inwardly by the 
observance of the Quiet Hour. The fact that the 
great missionary meetings are the popular meetings 
at young people's conventions shows where is the 
interest of our young people. 

One of that family of missionaries famous in 
India for three generations, Dr. Scudder, gives us 
the following picture : ' ' The cocoanut in India is 
a stately tree, fair and tall, shooting up on high a 
branchless trunk which breaks out at the summit 
into a mass of long graceful leaves. At its top 
grows a rich fruit, which when young and tender 
affords a sweet and grateful beverage to the thirsty 
traveler. This tree is a garden tree. It must be 
watered or it will die. In these facts a Hindu pott 
finds the elements of a beautiful similitude : Pour 
your streams of sympathies and prayers like water 
on the roots of our great garden tree — our young 
people — that which you pour upon them will come 
back to you and your children in a thousand 
blessings." 

THE WORLD IN A NUTSHELL. 

Dr. David Gregg, in his "Testimony of the Land 
to the Book," writes of the universality which the 
creative hand of God has packed into the smallness 
of Palestine. Here the geologist finds all the 
rock formations of the earth and all of the geologic 
periods and ages. Between the tepid waters of the 
Salt Sea and the perpetual snows of Mount 
Hermon, you have packed all zones and climates, 
from the frigid belt to the tropical equator, and 
also all the flora and fauna of the earth. Here is 
one case illustrative of the completeness of the uni- 
versality of this land. 

Livingstone, when in tropical Africa, caught a 
peculiar type of fish in Lake Tanganyika. When 
he caught it great was his amazement to see hun- 
dreds of little fishes rush out of its gills and mouth. 
Searching up the record of this fish, he found that 
the female, running up the streams to the soft mud 
banks, plows these with her fins and deposits the 



72 



MOURNING CUSTOMS OF THE KOREANS. 



[July, 



spawn in the furrows. The male fish follows and 
watches the spawn and takes care of the offspring. 
Nature has endowed him with a great keep inside, 
and when danger arises the whole school of little 
fishes rush through his mouth and gills into this 
keep for safety. This habit is absolutely unparal- 
leled among any other family of fishes in the 
world. But so universal is Palestine that even this 
type of fish is found in it. Canon Tristram tells us 
that he caught this same remarkable fish in the Sea 
of Galilee. Gennesaret is the match of Tanganyika. 
Palestine is the world in a nutshell. 



MOURNING CUSTOMS OF THE KOREANS. 

" They are, first of all, a nation of mourners. On 
the death of a member of the royal family, the 
nation is required to wear mourning apparel for 
twelve months. This accounts for the white cos- 
tume which has become the permanent and universal 
dress, varied only by the pink or green wrap worn 
by some of the women, and the pink vest worn 
by boys engaged to be married. The occasion for 
the white costume came so often, and the expense 
of changing to it was so burdensome, that the custom 
obtained of wearing it all the time, so as to be in 
readiness for the emergency when it might arise. 

" When a member of a family dies, the others are 
expected to become mourners for three years, and 
wear as an outward sign an enormous bamboo hat, 
of conical shape and scalloped edges, shading the 
face and shoulders like an umbrella. The signifi- 
cation of this is that ' Heaven is angry with the 
mourner, and does not wish to look upon his face/ 

"In funeral processions, mourning is reduced to 
the finest of fine arts. The pall- bearers carry the 
coffin hoisted on poles, singing a woeful dirge, ever 
and anon turning and retracing their steps, or stop- 
ping and marking time, as though they could not 
go on their melancholy errand. It is contrary to 
' custom ' for one to marry during the mourning 
period, and many are the cases of those who, by a 
succession of family bereavements, find themselves 
carried on beyond middle life, and at last, as some 
writer says, 'stranded on the sad sands of celi- 
bacy. ' The tragic feature of this condition is that 
until a man is married or betrothed, no matter 
what his age, he is considered and treated as only 
a boy, entitled to no respect from his fellows, and 
always to be addressed only in 'low talk.' 
About eight grades of social dignity are recog- 
nized, which are indicated by the style of 'talk' 
proper to be used in addressing them. The differ- 
ent styles of 'talk' are indicated by the terminal 
affixes to the verbs. For instance, one would say 
to a coolie, ' Copsa ' (come here) ; to the peasant 



farmer, ' Copsida' (please come here) ; and foon 
up the eight grades of ' low ' and ' high ' talk. 
The necessity of being an fait in these niceties 
makes the spoken language of the Koreans more 
difficult even than the Chinese to acquire." — Dr. S. 
H. Chester in The Missionary. 

HOW TO BECOME A TRAINED NURSE. 

It is only twenty-five years since the first 
American training school in a general hospital 
opened its doors to receive young women as pupils 
in what was then a new profession for them, 
the scientific nursing of the sick. There are 
now in the United States and Canada about three 
hundred and fifty such schools. Miss Jane Hod- 
son, a graduate of the New York Hospital Train- 
ing School, has prepared a book, " How to Be- 
come a Trained Nurse,'' which will enable those 
who have decided upon this profession to examine 
the details of each one of these schools, and thus 
make intelligent choice. The chapter on "What 
it is to be a Nurse ' ' is followed by fourteen others 
on the different forms of nursing, by as many au- 
thorities, chiefly superintendents. The chapter 
on " Some Eminent Nurses " gives biographical 
sketches of four of these women " who carry, 
wherever they go, an atmosphere of noble labor 
and unselfish enterprise, which brings to this 
work- a day world a gleam of the glory to come." 
By kind permission of the publisher the portraits 
appear on the opposite page. Their lives are in- 
spiring records of heroism, and those who read 
must be stimulated to noble endeavor. 

What an inspiring story is that of Florence 
Nightingale, ' ' the angel of the Crimea, ' ' who in 
1855, when wounded and tentless soldiers were 
dying in the Crimea, where "there was lack of 
woman's nursing," gathered a company of forty- 
two helpers and went on her mission of mercy. 
When she passed through the hospital wards at 
night carrying a little lamp, the wounded soldiers 
kissed her shadow as it fell upon the wall. 
Longfellow says in his " Santa Filomena" : 

On England's annals through the long 
Hereafter of her speech and song, 

That light its rays shall cast 

From the portals of the past. 

A lady with a lamp shall stand 
In the great history of the land, 

A noble type of good, 

Heroic womanhood. 

To-day, when the attention of so many is di- 
rected to this form of service, of which there may 
be great need during the coming months, some 
may find helpful suggestion in this book. 




Florence Nightingale. 




r .i. 




v 




Alice Fisher 



Sister Dora. 



- - . 




' 









Agnes Elizabeth Jones. 



74 



PRESBYTERIAN ENDEAVORERS. 



[July, 



PRESBYTERIAN ENDEAVORERS. 
Fruitvale, Cal. 

At the recent entertainment given by the Chris- 
tian Endeavor society, friends were invited to 
spend an evening in Japan. Fans, palms, pictures, 
lanterns and bamboo screens and tables, artistically 
arranged, gave the church quite a Japanese appear- 
ance. Rev. Tnazawa, a Japanese minister engaged 
in missionary work among his own people on this 
coast, gave us an interesting address on the country 
of Japan and its people. He spoke especially of 
the different religions and of the manner in which 
Christian missionaries were treated. After enjoy- 
ing the address we felt more in sympathy with the 
Japanese people and were interested in the pictures 
and curios passed around during the social which 
followed. 

Los Angeles, Cal. 

Chinese Chapel. — The monthly missionary meet- 
ing is never omitted. Twenty-six young men 
gathered for such a meeting on the last Sunday 
evening in April, as reported in the Occident. 
Neither very hard times nor the hot weather are 
regarded by them as sufficient excuse for absence. 
As the pastor was giving a missionary address in 
one of the city churches, this meeting was led by 
one of the elders. When the collection was taken 
every one present contributed something, and then 
it was offered to the Lord in an earnest prayer by 
Elder Wong Sam Ying. This society gives more 
than thirty dollars each year to foreign missions, 
and makes liberal contributions to other benevo- 
lences. 
San Diego, Cal. 

First. — The topic card used by this society con- 
tains this statement: "Christian Endeavor is co- 
operative energy." 

Washington, D. C. 

Covenant. — One of the active members of the 
Men's League of this church, Admiral W. T. 
Sampson, is actively engaged in the service of his 
country on board the flagship New York. 
Canton, 111. 

The young people of this church have held Sun- 
day afternoon services in the poorhouse. 
Chicago, 111. 

Forty-first Street. — The superintendent of Junior 
society conducts a Bible drill at each meeting. 
Decatur, III. 

The suggestion made several months ago by 
Miss M. Katherine Jones in The Chukch at 
Home and Abroad was successfully carried out 
by the Endeavor society at its meeting on the 
topic " What has my denomination done?" En- 



larged reproductions of the seals of the various 
Boards on the cover of the magazine, made by a 
local artist, were hung in the front of the room 
where all could see. Each speaker had secured 
information regarding one of the eight Boards, and 
after explaining the heraldic significance of the 
seal gave an interesting account of that depart- 
ment of the work. Denominational hymns were 
sung, and one of the elders gave an address on the 
work of the Presbyterian Church. 

Allahabad, India. 

The Christian Endeavor society has organized 
and is sustaining three Sunday-schools, one in the 
Katra school- building and the others in outlying 
districts. 

Ambala, India. 

Miss Pratt writes in Woman's Work for Woman 
that the union of men and women in a society does 
not work well in India, so a change has been made 
— the women are now banded together in a Chris- 
tian Association, while the men are a Christian 
Endeavor society. 

Albert Lea, Minn. 

Miss Anna L. Howe, a graduate of Albeit Lea 
College, who went out to Nanking in 1896, writes in 
Woman's Work for Woman that she is to teach in 
the home of Li Hang Chang, the elder brother of Li 
Hung Chang. For one or two hours a day she is to 
instruct three boys and three girls in English. The 
offer is accepted as an entering wedge for the 



Pipestone. Minn. 

Of the many committees the Band of Mercy 
is very active ; besides other work, it has placed 
Band of Mercy calendars in each room in the 
public school and in some of the homes. 

St. Louis, Mo. 

First. — The superintendent of the Bible school, 
Prof. Carl I. Ingerson, believing as a principal of 
pedagogics that the instruction given to children 
above ten years of age should possess logical 
sequence, has prepared a graded course of system- 
atic study, underlying the International Lessons, 
which is taught in all the departments. At the 
opening of the present year he began ^he prepara- 
tion of sketches pertaining to the foreign mission 
work of the Presbyterian Church. They are 
printed on the mimeograph and are studied 
systematically in the senior department of the 
school. 

Middletown, N. Y. 

Second. — The " Soldiers of the King" sent an 
organ last year to Mr. Houston at Nanking, China. 



1898.] 



PRESBYTERIAN MISSIONS IN INDIA. 



75 



Cleveland, Ohio. 

Calvary. — A fine missionary library is the result 
of a book social held by the Haydn Circle. Each 
invited guest purchased a book and presented it. 
Crockett, Texas. 

Mary Allen Seminary. — The plan of Bible Study 
embraces the whole Bible, with a recitation every 
morning except Saturday. All study the Shorter 
Catechism and memorize the Scripture proofs. 
Dr. Smith believes that the influence of the school 
on the lives of its students is due to the great 
amount of Bible truth brought to bear upon them 
from the Bible itself and from the Catechism. Of 
the two hundred pupils only nine are not professing 
Christians. 



Cairo, W. Va. 

The pastor is a working member of the Chris- 
tian Endeavor society, which holds its prayer 
meeting every Sunday evening. During the clos- 
ing song the leader and the pastor change places, 
and the meeting is emerged into the preaching 
service without any break whatever. A fifteen- 
minute sermon upon the Christian Endeavor topic 
for the evening follows immediately, enlarging, 
explaining, enforcing and applying the subject 
along lines not touched in the previous meeting. 
It is the brightest and most profitable service of 
the day, and, because of its brevity, directness and 
practicality, is generally well attended. — Christian 
Endeavor World. 



PKESBYTERIAN MISSIONS IN INDIA. 

PITH AND POINT FROM THE ANNUAL REPORT. 

At Ambala a Rajput (high- caste) man was bap- 
tized who first heard the gospel in a bazaar. 



The converts at Ambala, it is said, have not yet 
attained to that high standard of Christian life and 
morality which the people of high culture might 
expect of them, but their Christianity is a power 
in them, and gives tone and character to their lives. 
They are daily making progress, though they have 
much to learn of our holy religion. 
* * 

Special pains are taken to make the work of the 
Ambala hospital the means of communicating spirit- 
ual truth to the patients. 

*** 

At Quasure, an outstation near Ferozepore, the 
most encouraging work is among the Churas, or 
low-caste people, many of whom are hopefully con- 
verted. The gospel is working a marked change 
in their lives, turning them from many of their 
filthy habits, and from such common sins as lying 
and stealing. 

*** 

At Jullundur, the most important centre for 
famine relief in the Lodiana Mission, some two 
hundred men, women and children have been em- 
ployed, the expense being met by special funds sent 
through the Board's treasury. The workers were 
at first mainly Christians, but afterwards others 
were added, most of whom became Christians by 
the blessing of God on the instruction which they 
received during their service. 

*** 
Forman Christian College at Lahore, which has 
been in existence for nearly twelve years, was es- 



tablished to bring the gospel to bear on the most 
influential class of the community, not easily 
reached in any other way, and as a direct agency 
for the conversion of souls. Special emphasis is 
placed upon instruction in the Bible, so that a stu- 
dent taking the entire course comes to have at least 
a fair knowledge of the Scriptures. The roll for 
the year numbered 252, of whom 127 were Hindus, 
seventy-seven Mohammedans, thirty one Christians, 
fifteen Sikhs and two unclassified. Some of the 
Christian students have done good work in conduct- 
ing an evening service in the Forman Memorial 
Chapel in the city, and quite a number are also 
active in Y. M. C. A. work. Financially the 
college has been a success, tuition fees and the 
government grant not only meeting all expenses 
save the missionaries' salaries, but yielding a sur- 
plus of Rs. 7000, to be credited to the Board. 

*** 
A most encouraging feature in the Lahore 
church is the increasing willingness of the people 
to engage in personal work for Christ, such as 
chapel-preaching and Sabbath-school work for 
heathen children. 

*** 
In Lahore twelve zenanas were regularly visited 
by Mrs. Datta, having a total of eighteen pupils. 
Among these was the daughter of a Bengali gentle- 
man, who seemed at one time to be at the very 
threshold of the kingdom, but was kept back by 
domestic difficulties. 

*** 

What was once the district work of the mission 
is now the home mission work of the Presbytery of 
Lahore. The Board gives to the home mission 
fund three rupees for one contributed by the 
churches. A force of twelve men licentiates and 
catechists, under the general superintendence of the 



76 



PRESBYTERIAN MI88ION8 IN INDIA. 



[July, 



Rev. Dharm Das, has opened work in eight 
villages where there were small companies of 
Christians and inquirers residing. Seventy-four 
other villages were regularly visited and sixty-nine 
persons were baptized and 125 inquirers enrolled. 
The little Christian communities are being trained 
from the beginning in self-support, notwithstanding 
their great poverty, aggravated by famine condi- 
tions last year. By collecting handfuls of flour or 
grain, eggs, fire- wood, sugar-cane, and in some cases 
money, they succeeded in raising twenty- three Rs., 
which was applied to congregational expenses. 

*** 

The church at Lodiana, which is self-support- 
ing, gives evidence of life in the form of Christian 
activity. In addition to the usual lines of church 
work, it has founded the Victoria Home ; being a 
home for widows, recent converts, the infirm and 
helpless, and those who may be temporarily out of 
employment. This was the method adopted by the 
church for celebrating the Queen's Diamond Jubi- 
lee. The Board granted a lot to the Presbytery of 
Lodiana, on which the church erected a suitable 
building, and became responsible for the support of 
the institution. 

* 

Tested by the government standard, the examina- 
tion of work done in the Lodiana Christian Boys' 
Boarding-school was most creditable. The re- 
ligious atmosphere is good. Character-building is 
the grand aim of those in charge, and the results 
are encouraging. The industrial department trains 
boys as tailors, shoemakers and carpenters — some 
hours of each day being spent at these several trades 
in connection with class work in the school. 

* * 

* 

The Mil Af Shan, a religious newspaper pub- 
lished by the mission, is an important evangelistic 
agency at Lodiana. Four of the educated native 
Christians contribute regularly to its columns. 

* 

The Leper Asylum occupies a large share of the 
time and strength of the missionary at Sabathu. 
The number of inmates reported is the largest in 
the history of the institution. Forty of them are 
professing Christians. The maintenance of the 
asylum aside from the provision made for medical 
attendance and religious instruction is secured 
from sources outside of the Board of Foreign Mis- 
sions. 

*** 

The closing of the boys' school at Saharanpur on 
account of the cut, after a continuous existence of 
sixty years, is regarded by the missionaries as a 
serious step backward. They believe that their 



influence in the city has been in a measure sacrificed 
to the detriment of mission work in general. It is 
not without significance that the closing of the 
school was the signal for the opening of two others 
— one an Anglo- Vedic, by the Arya Somaj (a 
society noted for its hatred to Christianity), and 
the Sanatav Dharm, or ' ' School of Eternal Relig- 
ion." 

* 
To qualify Christian school-teachers for evange- 
listic work among the Chumars (leather- workers), 
the Korhis (weavers), and Mehtars (sweepers), a 
Bible class was maintained during the last summer. 

* * 
* 

Miss Belz of Etawah teaches the gospel regularly 
to more than one hundred pupils in the Zenana 
schools. She reports : A Brahman woman, in 
whose house I had taught some years ago, said to 
me, as soon as she saw me again, ' c The word of 
Jesus Christ has entered into my heart. I trust in 
him for salvation." She seemed to be very happy 
in the Lord Jesus, and could not find words enough 
to express her love for him. 

# * 

* 

Much successful work has been carried on among 
the lowest caste in Furrukhabad and Fatehgarh, but 
great pains is taken to persuade the people to ad- 
here to their usual vocations, and to impress upon 
them that confession of Christ is not to be under- 
stood as entitling them to pecuniary benefits. 



Mrs. Holcomb of Jhansi writes of a woman who 
had received instruction and seemed not far from 
the kingdom of God. One day she was asked why, 
since she trusted in Jesus for salvation, she did not 
openly acknowledge her allegiance to him. Draw- 
ing aside a screen which shielded the household 
gods, she said: "These are the gods which my 
husband worships. A divided house in matters of 
religion would mean to me the loss of husband, of 
home and all of earth that I hold dear. I have not 
strength for such a sacrifice. ' ' 

At Ratnagiri, Miss Minor has conducted a 
woman's benevolent society, the time of the meet- 
ings being occupied by Bible study and sewing. 

One of the ruling elders of the church in Rat- 
nagiri maintains a primary class for sweepers in his 
own house, the expense being borne by the church. 

*** 
In her house-to-house visitation at Panhala, Miss 
Irwin found it difficult to make an impression, the 



1898.] QUESTIONS. 

women sometimes responding: "No, no, there is 
no heaven for women ; it is our fate." 



w 



The relative importance of the sexes in the esti- 
mation of a Hindu mother is illustrated by this 
incident of famine relief at Ratnagiri. A woman 
with two children— twins, a boy and a girl — came 
for assistance. At a glance one could see the vast 
difference between the boy and the girl ; the boy 
being well fed and healthy, while the girl was neg- 
lected and reduced almost to a skeleton. When 
the mother was rebuked for her partiality, she re- 
plied : "What could I do? After I had fed the 
boy there was nothing left for the girl." 



When the pressure of famine began to be most 
keenly felt, the Kolhapur station determined to 
make some provision for the Christians in the 
villages, who are very poor even in prosperous 
times. Under direction of Mr. Hanum, a hedge of 
aloes was planted around the greater part of the 
mission compound. In this work thirty persons 
were employed about four months at an ex- 
pense of Rs. 447 ($149), nearly half of which 
came from friends in Pennsylvania, the rest being 
contributions of missionaries on the field. It is ex- 
pected that the hedge will not only be a protection 



against stray cattle and be somewhat ornamental ; 
it will also be the basis of a useful industry, the 
leaves of the plant being used by poor people for 
the manufacture of rope. It is estimated that the 
hedge will in time produce two hundred rupees' 
worth of such material each year. Most of the 
persons employed were members or adherents of 
the church. Advantage was taken of the opportu- 
nity for giving them religious instruction. 
# 

The Ayattavadi-Kodoli Church — one organiza- 
tion for two towns three or four miles apart — reports 
a roll of ninety-five adults, of whom thirty-three 
were received on profession during the year. This 
is the most precious ingathering in the history of 
the Panhala station. The members, who live in 
eight different villages within a radius of a few 
miles from Kodoli, contributed last year over sixty • 
three rupees for church support. 
* 

The missionaries at Panhala have been diligent 
in evangelistic itineration. In one village no cart 
could be obtained for the baggage of the evange- 
listic party. On being asked why they had no carts, 
the people replied : ' ' We worship the goddess of 
carts, and she would be angry if we kept any." 
"What do you do when you yourselves need a 
cart? " " Oh we hire one from another village." 



QUESTIONS FOR THE JULY MISSIONARY MEETING. 

[Answers may be found in the preceding pages.] 



Work at Home. 

1. What are some of the results of the labor of our 1393 
home missionaries? Page 51. 

2. The debt of the Board of Home Missions amounts to 
what sum ? Page 51. 

3. What patriotic offering is suggested ? Page 50. 

4. What sum has been raised by the Woman's Board and 
young people's societies ? Pages 51, 52. 

5. What offering was recently made by a church in New 
Jersey ? Page 54. 

6. Describe the organization of the Klondike Presbyterian 
Church? Page 55. 

7. What incident illustrates the superstition of the Mormon 
people? Page 61. 

8. Information and an opportunity to give led to what re- 
sult ia a Nebraska congregation ? Page 60. 

9. When was the work committed to the Board of Church 
Erection inaugurated by the General Assembly ? Page 36. 

10. To how many churches have appropriations been ma'ie 
during the fifty-four years, and what is the value of the 
property thus secured to the Church ? Page 37. 

11. What are the advantages of scholarships provided for 
individual candidates under the care of the Board of Educa- 
tion ? Page 47. 

12. Name some of the reasons why the Church requires the 
service of the Board of Aid for Colleges. Page 44. 

13. How many negroes are there in the United Stales? 
Page 46. 



14. How large an offering from each Presbyterian does the 
Freedmen's Board need to pay its debt and provide means 
for the year's work ? Page 46. 

15. To what purpose does the Board of Publication apply 
two-thirds of the net profits of its business ? Page 41. 

16 What work was accomplished last year by the seventy- 
six Sabbath-school missionaries ? Page 42. 

17. How does Dr. McCook describe the work of the Board 
of Ministerial Relief? Page 37. 

Wobk Abroad. 

18. What is China's great need ? Page 17. 

19. How has the emperor of China signified his interest in 
western literature ? Page 34. 

20. What edict is likely to give an impulse to the desire 
for western learning? Page 34. 

21. How is the transforming power of the gospel illustrated 
by an incident from Africa ? Page 4. 

22. Describe the home mission work of the Presbytery of 
Lahore, India. Pages 75, 76. 

23. How does the self-supporting church at Lodiana give 
evidence of life ? Page 76. 

24. The relative importance of the sexes in the estimation 
a Hindu mother is how illustrated ? Page 77. 

25. An open acknowledgment of Christ means how great 
a sacrifice in Jhansi, India? Page 76. 

26. What industrial work was carried on at Kolhapur, 
India, during the famine ? Page 77. 



78 



QUESTIONS— SUGGESTIVE PROGRAMS. 



[July, 



27. How have the schools in Chieng Mai been trained to 
self-support ? Page 23. 

28. What are some of the reasons for encouragement in 
Northern Korea ? Page 24. 

29. Describe the mourning customs of the Koreans. Page 
72. 

30. Mention four problems which the missionary book- 
maker has to meet and solve. Pages 30-33. 

31. Describe Dr. Good's method of capturing the language. 
Page 31. 

12. What dialectic perplexities does the missionary trans- 
lator meet ? Pages 31, 32. 



33. What class of words are not found in the languages of 
non-Christian nations? Page 32. 

34. What are the problems of typography ? Page 33. 

35. How are religious books circulated ? Pages 33, 34. 

36. How many pages were printed last year by our Pres- 
byterian presses? Page 34. 

37. When was the American mission press of Beirut estab- 
lished ? Page 27. 

38. Describe its equipments. Page 27. 

39. What publications have been issued from this press ? 
Pages 28-30. 

40. What memorial was placed on the wall of a room in the 
Female Seminary in Beirut? Page 28. 



Suggestive programs 



FOR 



PRESBYTERIAL YOUNG PEOPLE'S CONVENTIONS, 

Prepared by the Committee on Young People's Societies of the Synod of Ohio. 



PROGRAfl NO. I. 



AFTERNOON. 

Receiving and enrolling conventioners ; appointment of 
committees. 



EVENING. 

1. Opening Exercises. 

2. History. 

Address, " The Reformation and the Rise of Modern 

Presbyterianism." 25 miuutes. 

Biographical Sketch, " Zwingli and Calvin". ..20 minutes. 
Historical Outline, "Our Presbytery." 
Points : Organization ; 

Geographical extent, with map ; 

Incidents. 25 minutes. 



FORENOON. 

1. Devotional Exercise : subject, " Prayer for the Presbyterian 

Church in the World." 30 minutes. 

2 Doctrine. 

Address, " What do Presbyterians believe ? '' 
Points : As to doctrine ; 

As to life. 20 minutes. 

Paper, " The Shorter Catechism a Means to definite 

Religious Tninkingand Teaching." 15 minutes. 

Normal Drill in the Catechism (selected from Powell's 

Outlines), .25 minutes. 

Open Parliament, Loyalty to Presbyterian Teaching— 

What does it Mean ? " 20 minutes . 

Address, " The Westminster Assembly aud the Building 

of the Standards." 20 minutes. 

Biographical Sketch, " John Knox and the League and 

Covenant." 10 minutes. 

3. Business. 10 minutes. 



AFTERNOON. 
1. Polity. 

Normal Drill, " The Presbyterian Scheme.' 
Points : The system of Church courts ; 
The Old Testameut basis ; 
The New Testament model ; 
The parallel to the U. S. government. 



Symposium on "Local Administration." 

" The Session and the Congregation." 

" Requirements for Church Membership." 

" The Authority of Presbytery." 

5 minutes each. 

2. Business. Reports of committees. 10 minutes. 

3. Work. 

Address, " The Boards of the Church." 
Points : How constituted ; 
Field of each. 

20 minutes. 

Paper, " Plans for Systematic Beneficence." 

15 minutes. 

Discussion, " Our Presbyterial Work." 
Statistical points : Accessions ; 
Beneficences ; 
Comparative view ; 
Possibilities. 
(Note— It is the intention to give the members of the con- 
vention, through this discussion, as comprehensive a 
view of the facts as is possessed by the members of the 
Presbytery themselves). 

20 minutes. 
Reports of young people's societies. 
Points : Condition of work ; 
Special needs and plans. 

20 minutes. 

4. Question Box on Methods 15 minutes. 

5. Consecration Service 15 miuutes. 



.20 minutes. 



EVENING. 
Opening Exercises. 
Specific Applications. 
A ddresses, 
" The Young People and the Church— Obligation and 

( )pportunity." 10 minutes. 

" The Pastor and the Young People— Obligation and 

Opportunity." 10 minutes. 

"Sabbath Observance." 25 minutes. 

"Systematic Bible Study." 25 minutes. 



PROGRAM NO. II. 

AFTERNOON. 

Receiving and enrolling conventioners ; appointment of 
committees. 



1898.] 



SUGGESTIVE PROGRAMS. 



79 



EVENING. 

Opening Exercises. 
History. 

Address, "The Presbyterian Church in the United 

States of America." 
Points : History ; 

Present Strength. 25 minutes. 

Biographical Sketch, "Jonathan Edwards a Defender of 

the Faith." 20 minutes. 

Address, "Other Churches Holding the Presbyterian 

System." 25 minutes. 



FORENOON. 

1. Devotional Exercise ; subject, " Prayer for Personal Bless- 

ing." 30 minutes. 

2. History (continued). 

Symposium, " Famous Presbyterians and Great Events." 
The Old World : 

William the Silent 

Jen Die Geddes and Her Stool 

Samuel Rutherford 

Thomas Chalmers 

America : 

Francis McKemie 

Chas. and Wm. Tennent 

The Mecklenburg Declaration 

John Witherspoon 

Archibald Alexander 

James McCosh 

2 minutes each. 
( Not biographical sketches, but characteristic narratives. ) 

3. Doctrine. 

Address, "Outline Comparison of the Theologies of 
Chas. Hodge and Henry Boynton Smith." 

20 minutes. 

Symposium on " God's Sovereignty and Man's Responsi- 
bility." 

" The Doctrine in the Old Testament." 

"The Doctriue according to Christ's Teaching." 

"The Doctrine as Expounded by Paul." 

Each 10 minutes, followed with five minutes discussion. 
Normal Drill in the Catechism (selected from Powell's 
Outlines). 25 minutes. 

4. Business. 10 minutes. 



AFTERNOON. 

1. Polity. 

Paper, " A Glimpse of the General Assembly." 

10 minutes. 

Paper, " The Church's Control of its Subsidiary Organi- 
zations." 10 minutes. 

2. Business. Reports of committees. 10 minutes. 

3. Work. 

Addresses on " Our Educational System." 

" Our Colleges " 

" Our Seminaries" 

"Preparation for the Ministry." 

Each 10 minutes. 
Paper, " The Interdenominational Work of the Presby- 
terian Church." 10 minutes. 

Paper, " Presbyterian Evangelism." 10 minutes. 

Discussion, " Our Presbyterial Work." (Same as Pro- 
gram I.) 40 minutes. 

4. Question Box on Methods 15 minutes. 

5. Consecration Service. 15 minutes. 



EVENING. 

1. Opening Exercises. 

2. Specific Applications. 

A ddresses, 

" The Church and the Individual"— Soul Saving. 

.10 minutes. 

" The Church and the State"— Civic Righteousness. 

10 minutes. 

" The Church and the World"— Missions. 

25 minutes. 

" The Church and the Word"— Bible Study. 

25 minutes. 



REFERENCES. 



I. History. 

"American Presbyterianism," Patterson — Presbyterian 
Board of Publication, 1319 Walnut St., Philadelphia, 
Pa. 

" Days of McKemie," Bowen— Presbyterian Board. 

" History of the Presbyterian Church," Gillett— Presbyte- 
rian Board. 

"Jennie Geddes," Breed— Presbyterian Board. 

" Life of John Knox," McCrie — Presbyterian Board. 

"Memorial Volume of the Westminster Assembly"— The 
Presbyterian Committee of Publication, Richmond, 
Va. 

" Presbyterians," Hays— 3. A. Hill & Co., N. Y. 

"Presbyterians and the Revolution," Breed — Presbyterian 
Board. 

" Presbyterian Encyclopedia" — Presbyterian Encyclopedia 
Publishing Co., 1334 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, Pa. 

" Schaff-Herzog Religious Encyclopedia," Funk and Wag- 
alls, N. Y. 

" The Church in Scotland," Moffat— Presbyterian Board. 

"The Church of Scotland," Muir— Adam and Chas. Black, 
Edinburgh, and Presbyterian Board. 

" The Log College," Alexander — Presbyterian Board. 

"The Presbyterian Churches," Ogilvie— Revell & Co., 
Chicago. 

"The Westminster As&embly," Mitchell — Presbyterian 
Board. 

II. Doctrine. 

" Normal Lesson Outlines on the Assembly's Shorter Cate- 
chism"— Rev. W. A. Powell, I). P., Athens, O.— 15 cents 
a copy ; 10 copies, $1. 

"The Westminster Standards,"— Publishing Committee of 
Southern Presbyterian Church, Richmond, Va. 

" What is Calvinism ?" Smith — Presbyterian Board. 

From List I, on "History:" "Presbyterians," Chap. 
XV III; Memorial Volume, Lectures IV, V. 

III. Polity. 

" Church Government," McGUl— Presbyterian Board. 

" Ruling Elders," Miller— Presbyterian Board. 

The Assembly's Digest, Moore— Presbyterian Board. 

" What is Presbyterian Law? " Hodge— Presbyterian Board. 

From List 1 : " Memorial Volume," Lecture VI ; " Presby- 
terians," Chaps. I and XVIII ; Presbyterian Encyclo- 
pedia, " Presbyterianism, What it Is ; " " The Westmin- 
ster Assembly," Lectures, VI, VIII, IX. 

IV. Work. 

Annual Reports of the Boards. 

" The Presbyterian Handbook" — Presbyterian Board. 

From List L: "American Presbyterianism," pp. 98-117. 

(For outline of instruction on Presbyterianism, address 
Rev. Sylvanus Hauperl, Bradner, O., with stamped en- 
velope. ) 



80 



WITH THE MAGAZINES — WORTH READING — MINISTERIAL NECROLOGY. 



[July, 



WITH THE MAGAZINES. 

In spite of the lack of refinement of artistic taste, 
the Koreans have a wonderfully impressionable 
nature. No one can enjoy the spring more than 
they, no one can sit on a hillside and look out upon 
a scene half veiled by the dreary autumn haze with 
more passionate pleasure than they — Homer B. 
Hulbert in Korean Repository. 

"The Jews as Patriots" is the title of a paper 
in The Menorah Monthly for April, by Rev. Dr. M. 
Kayserling, Buda Pest. He shows that " it is re- 
corded in the annals of the history of nations and 
states that the Jews in ancient and modern 
times, in the old and the new world, have given 
proofs of their fealty, their courage, their endur- 
ance, their military prowess and their sagacity as 
statesmen. They will always be found as true, de- 
voted patriots, ready for any sacrifice, in war and in 
peace, everywhere where the government rests 
upon the pillars of law and constitution, where the 
equality of all in duties and rights is securely es- 
tablished." 



No student of politics who has carefully examined 
existing political conditions in Spain can believe 
that the time has come for her to depart from mo- 
narchal institutions. If that be true, why should 
the present dynasty be overthrown ? Why should 
the wise and devoted Queen Regent be driven out 
on account of national misfortunes, for which 
neither she nor her son is in any way responsible ? 
The most priceless possession of Spain to day is 
Maria Christina, because she alone bars the door 
to the renewal of civil war, which, at this moment, 
would be destruction to the country. In this dark 
hour of Spain's history, her pure, womanly character 
shines forth, like a light in a dark place, around 
which all patriotic Spaniards should gather. If 
monarchial institutions survive, her overthrow 
means the accession of Don Carlos, who, apart 
from his utter and admitted worthlessness as a man, 
represents a set of medieval ideas and aspirations 
that would set Spain back into the past at least a 
century. — Hon. Harris Taylor in North American 
Review for June. 



WORTH READING. 

The Trans-Siberian Railway. lis New Terminus in China, 
by Clarence Cary. The Forum, May, 1898. 

Central America : Its Resources and Commerce, II, by 
William Eleroy Curtis. The Forum, May, 1898. 

The Situation in Cuba, by Clara Barton and Horatio S. 
Rubens. North American Review, May, 1898. 

Social Conditions in Our Newest Territory (Oklahoma), by 
Helen C. Candee. The Forum, June, 1898. 

Work Among the Women of India, by Miss Gardner, Cal- 
cutta. Indian Evangelical Review, April, 1898. 

Zululand and the Zulus, by John L. Dube. The Missionary 
Review, June, 1898. 



The Future of the American Negro, by Booker T. Washing- 
ton. The Missionary Review, June, 1898. 

The Expansive and Assimilative Power of the Gospel, by G. 
F. S. Church Missionary Intelligencer, May, 1898. 

The Cuban Question, China and the Powers, The Hawaiian 
Question, and The Partition of Africa, are among the topics 
treated in Current History, First Quarter, 1898. 

The Enfranchisement of Korea, by Homer B. Hulberts. 
North American Review, June, 1898. 

Undergraduate Life at Vassar, by Margaret Sherwood. 
Scribner's Magazine, June, 1898. 

A New England College in the West (Iowa College), by J. 
Irving Manatt. New England Magazine, June, 1898. 

Life in Manila, by Charles B. Howard. Frank Leslie's 
Popular Monthly, July, 1898. 



Ministerial Necrology. 

*^-We earnestly request the families of deceased min- 
sters and the stated clerks of their presbyteries to forward 
to us promptly the facts given in these notices, and as nearly 
as possible in the form exemplified below. These notices are 
highly valued by writers of Presbyterian history, compilers 
of statistics and the intelligent readers of both. 

Freeman, Amasa S., D.D.— Born at Boston, Mass., October 
6, 1823 ; graduated from the University of New York, 
1843, and Union Theological Seminary, 1846; or- 
daimd by the Fourth Presbytery of New York, April 
14, 1847 ; pastor Presbyterian Church in Haverstraw, 
N. Y., 1847-1898. 

-Married April in, 1850, Miss Mary C. Conger, who 
survives him with two daughters and a son. 

Fulton, John L., D.D.— Born at Burgettstown, Pa., April 
11, 1836 ; graduated from Westminster College and 



United Presbyterian Theological Seminary, at Mon- 
mouth, 111. ; licensed to preach in the U. P. Church, 
April 2, 1863 ; pastor U. P. Church in Cedar Rapids, la., 
1863-66; received into the Presbytery of Washington, 
January, 1867; pastor at Mill Creek, Pa., 1867-71; 
Broadway Presbyterian Church, Baltimore, Md., 1872- 
76 ; Second Presbyterian Church, Allegheny, Pa., 1876- 
93. Died at Glenfield, Pa., April 27, 1898. 

Married, July 9, 1863, Miss Fredonia Johnson, of 
Monmouth, 111. 

Smith, Emerson F.— Born at Chester Center, Mass., Sep- 
tember 10, 1839; graduated from Olivet College, Michi- 
gan, 1871, and McCormick Theological Seminary, 1875 ; 
ordained by the Northport, Mich., Congregational 
Association, 1875 ; entered the Presbyterian Church 
in 1885; stated supply of Presbyterian Church in 
Elmira, Mich., 1,889-91 ; Clayton, Mich., 1891-92; Black 
River, Mich., 1893-94; retired from active work in 
1895 to his farm in Worth, Mich. Died at Worth, Mich., 
February 18, 1898. 



RECEIPTS. 

Synods in small, capitals ; Presbyteries in italics ; Churches in Roman. 



It is of great importance to the treasurers of all the Boards that when money is sent to them, the 
name of the church from whence it comes, and of the presbytery to which the church belongs, should be 
distinctly written, and that the person sending should sign his or her name distinctly, with proper title, 
e.g., Pastor, Treasurer, Miss or Mrs., as the case may be. Careful attention to this will save much trouble 
and perhaps prevent serious mistakes. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF HOME MISSIONS, MAY, 1898. 

Baltimore. — Baltimore — Baltimore Brown Memorial, sab.-sch., 83.99. Lyons -Ontario, 2. Nassau— Ocean Side, 

150.97. New Castle— Port Penn sab.-sch., 5.40. Washington 6.90. New York— New York 1st, 5: — Bohemian C.E., 2; 

City— Washington City Eckington, 2.55 ; — Garden Memo- — Harlem, 8.21 ; — Spring St., 64.30 ; — West End (Nimble 

rial C.E., 3; —Metropolitan, 25. 186 92 Fingers Soc, 2.40 ; Jr. C. E, 2.41), 4.81 ; — Westminster 

Cailfornia.— Benicia — Bloomfield, 1; Bodega, 2 ; Eu- West Twenty-third Street sab.-sch., 25. Niagara— Niagara 

reka City, 5 ; Tomales, 2 ; Valley Ford, 1. Los Angeles— Falls 1st, 5. North iJtver— Newburg Calvary, 51.01. Otsego— 

Alhambra, 6.80 ; Colton, 21.25 ; Monrovia, 9.28; Ontario 1st, Unadilla, 4.34. Rochester— Rochester Emmanuel, 1. St. 

25; Pasadena 1st Miss. Com. ot sab.-sch., 49.85 ; Rivera C.E., Lawrence — Le Ray, 1 ; Watertown Hope Chapel Easter col- 

7.55. Oakland— Fruitvale, 3.25 ; Golden Gate, 7 ; Liver- lection, 9. Troy— Cambridge, 25.31 ; Hoosick Falls, 23 ; 

more, 2.50. San Francisco — San Francisco Lebanon, 8.75. Lansingburg 1st, 100 ; Mechanicsville sab.-sch., 4.42. Utica — 

San Jose — Cambria, 11; Gilroy, 12. Santa Barbara — Fill- Norwich Corners, 2. Westchester — Bridgeport 1st sab.-sch., 

more, 3.40; Penrose, 1.50; Saticoy, 10. 190 13 40; Huguenot Memorial sab.-sch., 5; New Rochelle 2d, 

Catawba.— Cape Fear— Wilson Chapel, 1.55. Southern 33.14 ; Scarborough, 50. 857 72 

Virginia— Holmes Memorial Woman's Soc, 1. 2 55 North Dakota.— Pembina— Beaulieu, 4; Elora, 3.25; 

Colorado.— Boulder— Rawlins, 6. Denver— Brighton, 2.05. Hoople, 3.75; Park River, 10. 21 00 

Pueblo— Trinidad 1st, 15 ; Walsenburgh, 51 cts. 23 56 Ohio. — Athens — Veto, 12. Chillicothe — Bloomingburg 

Illinois.— Chicago— Chicago 4th sab.-sch., 50 ; —5th sab.- (sab.-sch., 4.75), 30.35. Cincinnati— Cincinnati 2d German 

sch.,6.40. Peoria— Peoria 1st, 10. 66 40 sab.-sch., 3.50;— Clifford, 5.70; Elizabeth and Berea, 5. 

Indian Territory.— Choctaw— Philadelphia, 7.45. Ci- Cleveland— Cleveland 1st sab.-sch., 99.33. Columbus— Colum- 

nuirron— El Reno, 5. Sequoyah— Vinita sab.-sch., 2.45. bus West Broad Street C. E., 1. Mahoning— Youngstown, 

Tuskaloosa— Mt. Gilead, 1. 15 90 27.45. St. Clairsvi/le— Concord, 9. Steubmville— East Liver- 

Iowa.— Cedar Rapids— Clarence, 23. Corning— Creston C. pool 1st, 113.74; New Harrisburg, 9; Richmond (sab.-sch., 

E., 4.40; Yorktown, 3. DesMoines— Dallas Centre, 2.50; 8.64), 17.28. 333 35 

Knoxvilie, 9. Dubuque— Lime Spring, 13.57 ; Prairie, 5.05. Oregon.— East Oregon— Union, 2.55. Portland— Oregon 

Fort Dodge— Glidden, 11.32; Grand Junction Jr. C. E.,6. City, 1.50. Southern Oregon— Ashlaud (sab.-sch., 4), 7; 

Iowa— Burlington 1st, 12.40 ; Chequest, 1 ; Mediapolis, 46.92. Roseburg, 6.25. 17 30 

Iowa City— Nolo, 4.17. Sioux City— Ellicott Creek, 3.71 ; Pennsylvania. — Allegheny — Allegheny Central, 43.33; 

Sibley German, 2.50 ; Westminster, 7.24. 155 78 — McClure Avenue, 182.90 ; — Melrose Avenue, 2.50 ; Belle- 

Kaxsas.— Emporia— Emporia 1st, 28.20 ; — Arundel Ave. vue C. E.,5; Cross Roads, 5; Hoboken, 2 31; Oak Grove, 

sab.-sch., 1.50; Lyndon sab.-sch., 2. Lamed— Burrton, 1.50. B/airsville— Turtle Creek, 14. Butler— Zelienople, 

18.50. Solomon— Glasco (debt), 5. Topeka— Oakland C. E., 16.25. Carlisle— Harrisburg Elder Street, 3 ;— Olivet (sab.- 

2.50. 57 70 sch., 1.30), 5; McConnellsburg C. E., 2.50; Middle Spring, 

Kentucky. — Ebenezer— Returned by a missionary, 20.83. 50; Monaghan, 20.50; Upper, 2. Chester — Media, 25. 

Louisville — Louisville 4th, 222.19. Transylvania— Danville Clarion — Adrian, 3 ; Big Run, 2 ; Falls Creek, 2. Erie — Gar- 

2d sab.-sch., 6.80 ; Harrodsburg Assembly, 28. 277 82 land, 9.30; Hadley, 2; Tideoute sab.-sch., 9.89. Huntingdon— 

Michigan.— Detroit — Detroit Calvary. 15; — Covenant Bedford sab.-sch., 8.06; Mount Union (C. E., 4.26; sab.- 

sab.-sch., 10; —Memorial, 14;— Trumbull Avenue, 23.10. sch., 6.78), 11.04 ; Newton Hamilton, 2. Kiiianning— Black 

Flint— Bad Axe sab.-sch., 3.54. Grand Rapids — Big Rapids Lick, 4. Lackawanna— Bennett 5; Wyoming (sab.-sch., 5), 

Westminster, 11. Monroe — Reading, 3.60; Tecumseh C.E., 10; Wysox, 2. Lehigh — South Bethlehem, 4. Northumber- 

10. Petoskey— Cadillac sab.-sch., 15. 105 24 /and- Chillisquaqe sab.-sch., 6.59; Washington (sab.-sch., 

Minnesota. — Mankato— Jasper, 6 ; Watonwan, 2 ; Worth- 11; Allenwood sab.-sch., 4), 15. Philadelphia— Philadelphia 

ington Westminster, 7.83. Minneapolis— Minneapolis Elim, 9th, 54; — 10th C. E., 25; — Cohocksink sab.-sch., 6.50; 

2.18. Red River— Maine Miss. Soc, 7.75 ; Moorhead C. E., — Grace, 12 ; — Hope, 27 ; — South, 10 ; — Woodland C.E. , 

4.08. 29 84 20. Philadelphia North— Carmel Edge Hill C. E., 4.43 ; Falls 

Missouri.— Kansas City— Greenwood, 5 ; Sedalia Broad- of SchuylKill, 22. Pittsburgh— Homestead (sab.-sch., 4), 19; 

way sab.-sch. , 30.95. Platte— Breckenridge, 5.25 ; New York Pittsburgh Bellefield Boquet St. Chapel. 16.57; —East Liberty, 

Settlement, 6 ; St. Joseph Westminster, 73.60. St. Louis— 77.66 ; — Grace Memorial, 2 ; — Shady Side, 99 ; — West 

Moselle, 2; St. Charles Jefferson St. C.E., 5; St. Louis End, 10; Raccoon (sab.-sch., 3.84), 54.16. Washington — 

Compton Hill, C.E., 3.50. 131 30 East Buffalo sab.-sch., 4; Hookstown, 31.25; Washington 

Nebraska.— Hastings— Hastings German (sab.-sch., 5), 7 ; 2d, 100. Wellsboro — Farm ington, 1; Lawrenceville, 2.26. 

Ruskin, 1. Nebraska City— Plattsmouth sab.-sch., primary Westminster— Chestnut Level, 10. 1084 50 

class 1.30. .\7o6r«m-Lambert CE 1.42; Madison 4. South Dakota. -Zto&oto- Ascension, 5 ; Buffalo Lakes, 

Omaha-Ceresco 2.50; Florence, 2.50; Plymouth, 140; 2 . 55 ; Hill, 1 ; Lake Traverse, 1 ; Long Hollow, 3 ; Mountain 

Silver Creek, 1 ; Webster 3.03. *Ll 5 Head, 1.50 ; Raven Hill, 1 ; White Clay, 2 ; White River, 2 ; 

New Jersey. - Elizabeth- Clinton for debt, 20,000 ; Wood Lake , 1 ; Yankton Agency, 13.04 ; Through Rev. A. 

P uckamin sab.-sch Home pept. 5. Jersey Cily-F&ssaic F Johnson, Pine Ridge, S? D. 5. Southern Dakota-Em- 

Wallington Chapel C.E 4 Monmouth -Barnegat 5 ; manue i C . £ for de bt, 2.75. 40 84 

Forked River, 5; Freehold 16.37; Jamesburgh Rhodehall TENNESSEE-tfo^orc-College Hill, 8. 8 00 

sab.-sch. 1.94; Pernneville sab.-sch., 2.50. Morris and Texas. -Austin- Austin 1st, 59. Trinity -Albany, 13.35. 

Orange— Chatham members, 5.40 ; Momstown South Street * 72 35 

(sab.-sch Miss. Assce i. ), (87.50 ; for debt, Mrs Franklin B Utah.- Utah -Salt Lake City 1st for debt, 100. 100 00 

Dwight, 1000), 1087.50. Orange 1st sab.-sch., 100; Summit „ T «,.„.!„« » « ^ 

Central, 305.39. Weuv^-Bloomneld 1st; 20 ; Newark Fifth Washington.— O/yronm-Buckley, 7; Cosmopohs, 3 40; 

Avenue C. E., 5 ; — Calvary (C.E., 13.25), 54.25; —Park, Montesano, 2 ; Rosedale, 2 Paget Sound-Deming 2.50. 

49.87 ; - Roseville, 151.65. New Brunsw /cfc- Princeton 1st, Spokane-Post Falls, ». Walla Walla— K&miah 1st sab.-sch 

40 ; Trenton Bethany, 21. Newloii-Delaware, 17 ; Stewarts- 16 '• Nez Perce » 4 >' Waitsburg, 2.50. 44 40 

ville; C. E., 3.49. 21,900 36 Wisconsin. — Madison — Eden Bohemian, 1; Muscoda 

New Mexico.— Arizona— Florence, Robert Irion Silver Bohemian, 1 ; Platteville German, 4.90. Milwaukee— Cam- 

King, Arizona, 20. Rio Grande— Laguna Indian, 2.50. 22 50 bridge C. E., 4.50; Cato, 1.25; Milwaukee Perseverance, 

New York —A Ibany— Albany West End C. E., 5; Charl- 1.08. Winnebago-Bu&alo C. E., 4. 17 73 

ton Birchton C. E., 4.50 ; Menands Bethany, 53. Bingham- — ■ 

ton— Binghamton 1st members of C.E. , 6 ;— North, 10 60. Total §25,788 34 

Boston— New Bedford, 15. Brooklyn — Brooklyn Hopkins Less amount refunded to Brooklyn Ross Street 

Street C. E.. 5; — Memorial, 102.55; — Mount Olivet, 4. Church, Brooklyn Presbytery 10 50 

Buffalo— Buffalo West Avenue, 3.54; Dunkirk, 7.40. Genespe— 

Castile, 17.06. Geneva— Canandaigua, 14.47; Seneca Castle, Total received from churches $25,777 84 

16.50. Long Island — Remsenburg, 36.67; Southampton Woman's Board of Home Missions 8,18188 

81 



82 



nOME MISSIONS — FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



[July, 



Legacy of James L. Parent, late of Niles, Mich., 
17.93; Legacy of Win. Hart Boyd, late of Monroe, 
Mich., 100; Legacy of Samuel F. Hinkley, late 
of Chicago, 111.. 33.34; Legacy of Miss Susan L. 
Me Beth, late of Lapwai, Idaho, 500; Legacy of 
David S. Ingalls, late of Springville, N.Y., add'l, 
1776 ; Legacy of Eliza Sib bet, late of Pittsburgh, 

Pa., 200 §2,627 27 

Less sundry legal expenses. 558 97 

52,068 30 

INDIVIDUALS, ETC. 

Rev. A. H. Dashiel for debt, 5 ; John B. Hill, 50 ; 
J. H. Freeman, 10; Presbyterian Relief Associa- 
tion of Nebraska, 37.66; B. O. R., 5; C. W. 
Loomis, Bioghamton, N.Y., 30 ; Gilbert Kirker, 
Hartwellsville, 2.50 ; Rev. A. Virtue, Lee. West 
Va., 2: S. Mills Ely, Binghamton, N.Y., 14; 
Miss H. A. Dickinson, 1; Thomas D. Smith, 
Valley Ford, Cal., 10; Raymond EL Hughes, 
Altoona, Pa., 4 : George D. Tooker, Yonkers, X. 
Y., 300 ; " K., Pa.," 100 ; Mrs. Susanna Rulifson, 
through Mrs. Hariette Nichols, 10 ; Rev. Albert 
B. King, New York City, 15 ; Mrs. Mary B. Gil- 
lespie, Gallatin, Mo., for debt, 3; S. F. Baggand 
Rev. R. G. Keyes, Watertown, N. Y., 10 ; A 



friend, thank offering for debt, 5; Miss A. N. 
Thompson, New York City, 5 ; Ernest C. Bene- 
dict, Syracuse, X.Y., 30; Mrs. Nellie G. Han- 
ford, Middletown, N.Y., 10; Rev. H. C. Gunn, 
Chester, S. C, 3: Cash, 25; Fannie Leedham, 
San Rafael, Cal., 5; Amos Denton, Jamaica, X. 
Y., for debt, 10; " E.," 1.50; " C. Penna.," 14; 
A friend for debt, 200 ; " Inasmuch, two sisters 
Yonkers, X.Y., and Owensville, O.," 5; Rev. H. 
T. Scholl, East Corning. X. Y., 2.50; C. J. 
Bowen, Delphi, Ind., for debt, 400 ; " Miss E. M. 
E." for debt, 40 ; Religious Contribution Society 
of Princeton Seminary, 142.27; " H. L. J.," 40; 
Alumni of Princeton Seminary for debt, 5.25; 
Anonymous, 2 ; " M. E. P." for debt, 2; Mrs. 
M. E. Drake, Brockport, X. Y., 10; Interest 
on General Permanent Fund, 62.50 ; Interest on 
Permanent Fund Sustentation, 10.50; Interest 
on John C. Green Fund, 797.50; Interest on 
Carson W. Adams Fund, 100 $2,537 18 

Total received for Home Missions, May, 1898 $38,565 20 

" " during same period lastyear 16,440 80 

" " since April 1, 1898 66,803 29 

" " during same period last year 48,440 83 

II. C. Olin, Treasurer, 
156 Fifth Avenue, Xew York City. 
Madison Square Branch P. O. Box 156. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOAM) OF FOREIGN MISSIONS, APRIL, 1898. 



Atlantic— A llantic— James Island, 1. East Florida — 
Candler, 4 ; Cocoanut Grove, 4 ; Hawthorne, 7 ; Miami, 6 ; 
St. Augustine Memorial, 17.77 ; Weirsdale, 4. Fairfield— 
Goodwill, 1 ; Little River, 1.60 ; Melina, 1 ; Nazareth, 3. 
Knox — Midway, 3. McClelland — Mattoon sab.-sch., 2; 
Sloane's Chapel sab.-sch., 1 ; Walker's Chapel, 1. South 
Florida— Altoona, 2. 

Baltimore. — Baltimore — Annapolis sab.-sch., 5; Balti- 
more Bohemian and Moravian, 3, sab.-sch., 2, Y.PS.,3; 

— Lafayette Square, 43.17; —Reed Memorial, 11.73; — 
Ridgely Street 7.25, Y.P.S., 10; — Westminster, 47.30 ; sab.- 
sch., 10; Cumberland, 76; Lonaconing sab.-sch., 8; Spar- 
rows Point, 50 cts.; Taney town, 60.50. New Castle— Chesa- 
peake City. 12; Delaware City, 11.83 ; Drawver's, 5 ; East 
Lake, 4; Elkton, 40; Forest sab.-sch., 10.25 ; Green Hill, 9, 
sab.-sch., 10; Newark sab.-sch., 30; New Castle, 1; Red 
Clay Creek, 15; Smyrna sab.-sch., 14.50; "Westminster, 5 ; 
"Wicomico, 50, sab.-sch., 10 ; Wilmington Hanover Street, 60. 
Washington City — "Washington City 1st, 33 : — Assembly 
sab.-sch., 16; — Gunton Temple Memorial, 55 cts., Y.P.S., 

20 ; Peck Memorial sab.-sch., 50; — Warren Memorial sab.- 
sch. , 5. 

California.— Benicia — Fulton, 10.50 ; Mendocino, 20 ; 
San Anselmo sab.-sch., 4.40 ; Vallejo, 17, sab.-sch., 6. Los 
Angeles— Anaheim sab.-sch., 2.86; Azusa, 8; Colton sab.- 
sch., 16.20; El Cajon, 75 ; Elsinore, 7.75, sab.-sch., 2.55; 
Lakeville 1st, 5 ; Los Angeles Boyle Heights sab.-sch., 4.15 ; 

— Central, 26.65 ; — Grand View, 5 ; — Immanuel, 447.15, 
sab.-sch., 61.40; Monrovia, 51; Orange sab.-sch., 1.97; 
Palms, 10 ; Pasadena 1st, 159.44 ; Pomona sab.-sch., 5 ; Red- 
lands, 162.65; Rivera, 11, sab.-sch., 5; Riverside sab.-sch., 

21 ; San Gorgonia, 10, sab.-sch., 1.36 ; Vineland, 2. Oakland 
—Alameda, 20, Y.P.S.,6.25; Berkeley 1st sab.-sch., 10.79; 
Hayward. 5 ; Oakland Brooklyn, 27 ; — Centennial, 8 ; Y. 
P.S.,4; "West Berkeley, 4.25. Sacramento— Elko Y.P.S., 1 ; 
Olinda, 1.80; Orangeville, 1; Roseville, 3.60; Westminster, 
1. San Francisco— San Francisco 1st, 174.20 ; — Calvary, 
103.71 ; — Howard, 6 ; — Trinity, 78, sab.-sch., 20. San Josl 
—Ben Lomond, 2.95; Cambria, 12; Cayucos, 14; Gilroy, 
13.24, sab.-sch., 4.86, Y.P.S., 6.05; Highland sab.-sch., 2; 
Los Gatos, 40 ; Milpitas sab.-sch., 2 ; Moro, 3 ; San Jose 1st, 
125; —2d, 100; Santa Clara sab.-sch., 20 ; Templeton sab.- 
sch., 3. Santa Barbara — Carpenteria, 7; Montecito, 25, 
sab.-sch., 10.66 ; Santa Barbara, 100; Ventura Y. P. S, 2. 
Stockton— Fowler, 3.95; Fresno, 9 ; Merced, 15 ; Sonora, 1.75. 

Catawba.— Cape Fear— Bethany, 1 ; Timothy Darling 
Mission sab.-sch., 1; Wilson Chapel, 1. Catawba— Bensa- 
lem, 1 ; Charlotte 7th Street, 1 ; Matthews Chapel, 1 ; Murk- 
laud, 1. Southern Virginia — Bethesda, 2.40; Big Oak, 1; 
Elizabeth City, 1 ; Lynchburg Central, 1 ; Richmond Street, 
1. Yadkin — Coal Spring sab-sch., 1; Logan, 1 ; New 
Centre, 1. 

Colorado.— Boulder— Collins, 37, sab.-sch., 5; Fossil 
Creek, 4; Longmont Central, 36 ; New Castle, 1 ; Slack, 1.31. 
Denver— Denver Central, 123.61 ; York Street, 10 ; Golden, 
102.60; Idaho Springs, 20; Littleton Y.P.S., 1; Otis sab.- 
sch., 1. Gunnison— Ridgeway Street, 4. Pueblo— Cinicero, 
1; Colorado Springs 1st, 53.91, sab.-sch., 19.34;— 2d, 4; 
Costilla, 1 ; La Junta, 5 ; La Luz, 6 ; La Sauses, 1 ; Pueblo 
1st sab.-sch., 18.01 ; — Fountain, 2 ; — Mesa sab.-sch., 18.01 ; 



— Tabernacle sab.-sch., 11.90; —Westminster, 14; Sa- 
guache, 1 ; San Pablo, 1 ; San Rafael, 3. 

Illinois.— Alton — Alton, 86.46, sab.-sch., 3.54; Carlinville 
Y.P.S., 5; Carrollton, 4.55; Collinsville, 36.44, sab.-sch., 17.50; 
Hardin, 5 ; Hillsboro, 25, sab.-sch., 67 ; Jerseyville, 96.30; 
Plainview sab.-sch., 3.50; Rockwood, 2; Upper Alton, 3 : Y.P. 
S., 11.85. Bloomington—Chenoa,39. 18; Clinton, 125.80; Colfax, 
3.42; Danville 1st sab.-sch.. 20; —2d, 3; Elm Grove, 2; Fair- 
bury, 31.05 ; Gibson City Y.P.S., 7.50; Jersey, 11 ; Mahomet, 
14; Minonk sab.-sch., 20 ; Monticello, 12, sab.-sch., 12.50 ; 
Y.P.S., 13.50; Mt. Carmel, 71 cts.; Onarga sab.-sch, 7.43 ; 
Philo, 40, sab.-sch., 25: Sheldon, 5 ; Waynesville, 4. Cairo- 
Anna, sab.-sch., 2 ; Carbondale. 5 ; De Quoin, 73. Chicago- 
Austin, 3.38, sab.-sch., 31.62 ; Chicago 3d, 155.21 ; — 9th, 5 ; — 
10th, 5; — Belden Avenue sab.-sch., 10; — Bethany, 1; — 
Campbell Park, 11 ; — Covenant, 471.55 ; —Emerald Avenue, 
4.50 ; — Grace, 5.01 ; — Hyde Park, 27 ; — Italian, 5 ; — 
Lakeview, 107.94 ; — Scotch Westminster Y.P.S., 5 ; —South 
Side Tabernacle. 12.85; — Woodlawn Park, 27.79, sab.-sch., 
20; Highland Park sab.-sch., 30; Hinsdale, 16.75; Joliet 
1st sab.-sch., 9.44 ; Maywood. 14; Oak Park 1st, 10, sab.-sch., 
13; —2d sab.-sch., 10.84. Freeporl— Freeport 1st, 39.25; 
Galena 1st sab -sch., 20 ; Oregon, 14, sab.-sch., 7 ; Ridgefield, 
18.45 ; Savanna, 24.30, sab.-sch., 5.70. Mattoon — Ashmore 
sab.-sch., 8.50; Beckwith Prairie, 3.54; Kansas, 25 ; Paris, 
19; Tuscola Y.P.S., 7.10; York, 80 cts. Ottawa— Au Sable 
Grove, 17.03; Elgin House of Hope sab.-sch., 2.20 ; Grand 
Ridge sab.-sch., 2.50 ; Kings sab.-sch., 1.95 ; Ottawa 1st, 200 ; 
Sandwich, 49.65 ; Streator Park, 27.76 ; Troy Grove, 30 ; 
"Waltham, 5 ; Waterman, 30. Peoria— Altona, 5 ; Arcadia 
Avenue. 6.07; Canton, 91.35; Farmington sab.-sch., 4; 
French Grove, 16.11; Knoxville, 94.60; Lewistown, 26.70; 
Limestone, 13.50; Peoria 1st, 11.25: —2d. 3.01; —Grace, 
24.66; —Westminster, 25 ; Princeville, 76.06. Rock River— 
Aledo, 3, sab.-sch., 50; Alexis, 18; sab.-sch., 5; Beulah Y. 
P.S., 10; Dixon Y.P.S.,7.50; Fulton, 15.51 ; Garden Plain 
Y.P.S., 13.50; Geneseo, 13.42 : Hamlet Y.P.S.,7.50; Kewa- 
nee, 10, Y.P.S., 10; Milan Y.P.S., 12; Morrison Y.P.S., 
18.75; Munson, 5; Norwood Y.P.S., 12; Peniel sab.-sch., 
4.30, Y.P.S.,7; Perryton Y.P.S., 12; Princeton, 12; Rock 
Island Broadway, 30.65, sab.-sch., 27.29 ; Sterling Y.P. S., 53. 
Schuyler— Appanoose Y.P.S., 5 ; Augusta sab.-sch., 10, Y.P. 
S., 12.50 ; Cramp Creek, 52, sab.-sch., 13.10, Y.P.S., 4440; 
Carthage, 14.50, sab.-sch., 6.65 ; Ebenezer Y.P.S., 4 ; Elling- 
ton Memorial, 5 ; Elvaston Y.P.S., 10 ; Lee, 8 ; Mt. Sterling, 
38.44, sab.-sch., 29.89 ; Oquawka, 20 ; Quincy 1st, 42.50; 
Rushville, 14.10; Warsaw, 32.93, sab.-sch., 3.59. Springfield 
— Decatur, 85 ; Divernon, 3; Farmingdale, 15.18; Jackson- 
ville Westminster, 20, sab.-sch., 15 ; Maroa sab.-sch., 8.95; 
Mason City, 22.19; Murrayville sab.-sch., 4; North Sanga- 
mon, 15; Petersburg, 16.17; Springfield 1st sab.-sch., 36.54; 

— 60.77 ; Unity, 9.41 ; Virginia, 40. 

Indiana. — Craicfordsville — Benton, 4 ; Bethlehem, 3 ; 
Crawfordsville 1st, 25.50; Dayton sab.-sch., 60 : Earl Park, 
3; Frankfort, 140; Ladoga, 5; Lexington, 5; Xew Bethel, 
1.35; Newtown, 30; Prairie Centre, 2 : Rockville sab.-sch., 
11; Romnev, 13.10; Waveland, 5; Williamsport, 5. Fort 
Wayne— Fort Wayne 1st, 285.93, Y.P.S., 4.10 ; Goshen sab.- 
sch., 17; Kendallville, 45; Ossian, 20; York, 3. Indian- 
apolis—Brazil, 21.60 ; Elizabeth town, 7 ; Green castle, 40 ; 



1898.] 



FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



83 



Greenfield, 3 ; Hopewell, 70.30, sab.-sch., 6.50 ; Indianapolis 
1st, 404.15; —2d, 214.12; — 7th, 20 ; — Tabernacle sab.-sch. , 
30 ; Mt. Moriah, 2 ; Norwood, 3 ; Poland, 5.57 ; Whiteland 
Bethany, 33.35. Logansport— Hammond, 12.75 ; La Porte, 
105.6:5 ; Mishawaka, 28 ; Monticello, 32.45 ; South Bend 1st 
sab.-sch., 25 ; Union, 5.52 ; Valparaiso, 8.25. Muncie— Alex- 
andria, 15; Liberty, 12.67 ; Muncie, 13.55; Tipton, 12.42; 
Winchester, 5.77. New A Ibany— Bedford Y. P. S., 15.50; 
Crothersville sab.-sch., 2.50; Hanover sab.-sch., 10.75; 
Jefferson, 5; Jetfersonville, 87, Y. P. S., 33.80; Lexington, 
2; New Albany 1st sab.-sch., 33; —2d, 14.45, sab.-sch., 
28.15; New Washington, 9.65: Oak Grove, 2. Vincennes — 
Evansville Walnut Street, 98.76 ; Farmersburg, 15 ; Olivet, 1 ; 
Sugar Grove, 3 ; Upper Indiana, 8; Washington, 5. White 
Water— Kingston, 18.70, sab.-sch., 7.13 ; Liberty, 9 ; Mount 
Carniel Y.P.S., 1; New Castle, 15, sab.-sch., 2.66; Provi- 
dence, 7.43. 

Indian Territory. — Choctaw — Krebs, 10. Cimarron— 
Ardmore, 4.50; Beaver, 4; Clear Lake, 1.60; Kokamo, 90 
cts.; Riverside, 1.50 ; Spring Valley, 1. Oklahoma— Edmond, 
8.31 ; Guthrie, 1 ; Heron, 3 ; Norman, 21.50 ; Perry Y.P.S., 
1 ; Ponca City, 5. Sequoyah— Barren Fork, 3 ; Elm Spring, 
10 ; Park Hill, 9.50. 

Iowa.— Cedar Rapids— Atkins, 9.15, sab.-sch. ,51 cts.,Y.P.S. , 
1 ; Cedar Rapids 1st, 181.54 ; Linn Grove, 7 ; Monticello, 5 ; 
Ntwhall Central, 6.05; Springville, 7; Vinton sab.-sch., 40 ; 
Wyoming, 5. Coming — Clarinda Y.P.S., 25.81; Lenox, 
12, Y.P.S., 2.55; Malvern sab.-sch., 8.55 ; Prairie Chapel, 5 ; 
Shenandoah sab.-sch., 8.89; Sidney, 15; Villisca, 13.70; 
Council Bluffs— Audubon, 62.75, sab.-sch., 5, Y.P.S.,9.08. 
Casey, 5; Council Bluffs 1st sab.-sch., 25; — 2d, 16.50; 
Greenfield, 10, Y.P.S., 5; Griswold, 29.40; Groveland 5; 
Guthrie Centre, 6 ; Logan sab.-sch., 2.50; Missouri Valley; 
22. Des Moines— Charlton, 41.50 ; Des Moines 6th, 10.06 ; — 
Central, 17.22 ; — East, 27.67, sab.-sch., 40 ; — Westminster, 
9; Dexter, 23, Y. P. S., 2.74; Indianola, 22.65; Jacksonville, 
1; Newton sab.-sch., 3.81; Olivet, 2; Osceola sab.-sch., 1; 
Oskaloosa, 4; Panora, 10; W in terset sab.-sch., 12.19. Dubuque 
—Bethel, 5 ; Dyersville German, 1 ; Jessup, 7; Lansing 1st, 7; 

— German, 7; McGregor, 3; Manchester, 27.62, sab.-sch., 
7.50; Oelwein, 11; Pine Creek sab.-sch., 4.65; Pleasant 
Grove, 2 ; Volga, 10. Fort Dodge— Armstrong, 9.78 ; Burt, 
10; Estherville Y.P.S., 10 ; Fonda sab.-sch., 3 ; Fort Dodge, 
41.58, sab.-sch., 18.34 ; Glidden sab.-sch., 4.26 ; Haggerty sab.- 
sch. , 1; Livermore 1st, 2: Rockwell City, 39 ; Rodman, 2; 
Rolfe2d, 12.73, Y.P.S., 9 ; Sheridan, 15.03 ; West Bend, 5. Iowa 
— Bentonsport sab.-sch., 2.30 ; Birmingham, 5, sab.-sch. , 4.25 ; 
Bloomfield, 15 ; Bonaparte, 5 ; Burlington 1st, 13.20 ; Fair- 
field, 118.09; FortMadson Union, 25.88; Keokuk 2d, 2.50; 

— Westminster, 93.81, sab.-sch., 18.07; Kirkville, 6.50; 
Kossuth 1st, 6.17; Lebanon, 6.67; Martinsburg sab.-sch., 
5 ; Mediapolis sab.-sch., 1.50 ; Mt. Pleasant 1st sab.-sch., 50 ; 
Ottumwa 1st, 82.54 ; Primrose, 3; Sharon, 2. Iowa City — 
Columbus Central sab.-sch., 2.28 ; Fairview, 2, sab.-sch., 
2.50; Iowa City, 12; Oxford, 6.50; Washington, 10.22; 
Williamsburg Y.P.S., 10. Sioux City — Auburn, 5 ; Cherokee 
sab.-sch., 5. 76; Crawford Westminster, 3; Hawarden,5.50; Ida 
Grove, 15; Inwood, 5.71 ; Odebolt sab.-sch., 2 ; Sac City, 20, 
Sioux City 1st, 65.19, sab.-sch., 73 cts.; — 3d, 2.65, sab.-sch., 
1.37; — 4th, 1.50, sab.-sch., 3.34; Storm Lake, 5; Union 
Township, 7.35. Waterloo — Aplington, 12 ; Cedar Valley, 2 ; 
Dysart, 5, sab.-sch., 5 ; La Porte City, 40, Y.P.S. , 10 ; State 
Centre, 12 ; Tama, 3.50; Toledo, 2.50 ; Waterloo sab.-sch., 8. 

Kansas.— Emporia — Argonia, 3.80 ; Arkansas City sab.- 
sch., 13.46; Belle Plaine, 5, sab.-sch., 4; Brainerd, 2; Bur- 
lington, 14.10 ; Eldorado, 31 ; Elmendaro, 7 ; Emporia 1st, 
60.50; —2d, 11; Geuda Springs, 1.92, sab -sch., 4.71; Lyn- 
don sab.-sch.. 2; Marion, 10; New Salem, 2; Oxford, 2; 
Peotone Y.P.S., 5; Silver Creek, 5; Waverly Y.P.S., 14.27 ; 
Westminster, 5.15 ; Wichita 1st, 15 ; — West Side, 2.88. 
Highland— Baileyville, 5; Blue Rapids, 5; Clifton, 29.88; 
Effingham, 5.30 ; Highland sab.-sch., 4.81; Holton Y.P.S., 
5.50; Marysville Memorial, 3 ; Washington, 9.15. Lamed— 
Kendall, 5.40 ; Liberal, 3 ; Syracuse, 1.60. Neosho — Galena, 
7.10; Iola, 15; Lake Creek, 5; McCune, 5.80; Osage 1st, 
26.62; Osawatomie sab.-sch, 1.78; Ottawa, 25.04; Parsons 
sab.-sch., 3; Wauneta, 5. Osborne— Long Island, 3; Matrona, 
2; Oakley sab.-sch., 1.25. Solomon — Aurora, 2; Glasco sab.- 
sch., 5.67; Solomon, 10.34. Topeka— Auburn, 21.55; Black 
Jack sab.-sch., 5.85; Clay Centre, 20.29; Gardner, 21.50, 
Y.P.S., 2.50; Kansas City Western Highlands, 26.16, Y.P.S., 
20; Lawrence, 175; Oakland Y.P.S., 2.50; Olathe, 5; 
Sharon 7 ; Topeka 1st sab.-sch., 24.10 ; — 2d, 10 ; Wakarusa, 
13.25. 

Kentucky.— Ebenezer— Covington 1st, 120.55; Dayton, 6 ; 
Ebenezer, 5; Frankfort, 83; Lexington 2d sab.-sch., 1.95 ; 
Mount Sterling 1st, 1.48; Newport, 5, sab.-sch., 5; Sharps- 
burg, 4.50, sab.-sch., 1. Loui.wille— Chapel Hill, 2 ; Hod- 
gensville, 3; Hopkinsville 1st, 7.30, sab.-sch., 5; Louisville 
4th, 2.50; —College Street, 128.04; New Castle, 1. Tran- 
sy/rauia—Da.nxi\\e 2d sab.-sch., 6.80 ; Harmony, 3.50. 

Michigan.— Detroit— Detroit 1st, 238 ; — Calvary, 15 ; 

— Forest Ave., 6.95; — Jefferson Ave. sab.-sch., 17.91; — 



Memorial, 57, sab.-sch., 21.92 ; — Westminster, 166.96 ; Erin 
3.41, sab.-sch, 17.34 ; Milford 94 ; Northville sab.-sch., 10.73 : 
Plainfield, 18.50 ; Unadilla, 2.50. Flint— Akron Y.P.S., 15 
Caro, 45 ; Chandler, 2 ; Flint, 72.29 ; Flushing, 10, sab.-sch., 
4; La Motte, 3.50; Lapeer sab.-sch., 38.50; Marlette 1st. 
6.58 ; Morrice, 1 ; Mt. Hope Y.P.S., 2.50 ; Vassar, 4.75, sab.- 
sch.^, Y.P.S., 4 ; Verona Mills, 2.20. Grand Rapids— Grand 
Rapids 1st sab.-sch., 25 ; — 3d, 8 ; — Immanuel, 15 ; Hes- 
peria, 5.22. Kalamazoo— Paw Paw sab.-sch., 5; Plainwell 
sab.-sch., 1.33; Sturgis, 15. Lake Superior— Detour, 6; 
Escanaba Y.P.S., 7; Ford River, 1, Y.P.S., 11 ; Gatesville, 
50 cts.; Iron Mountain, 1.95; Manistique Redeemer, 16.10; 
Rudyard, 2 ; Sault Ste. Marie Y.P.S., 10.85. Lansing— Con- 
cord, 13; Hastings sab.-sch., 4.08; Jackson, 25; Lansing 
Franklin St. sab.-sch., 10.62; Oneida sab.-sch., 4.50; Sebewa, 4; 
Sunfield, 4. Monroe— Adrian, 45.50, sab.-sch., 35.95; Clay- 
ton, 50 cts.; Coldwater, 8.47, sab.-sch,, 8.47 ; Dover, 5 ; Erie 
sab.-sch., 1.85; Monroe, 1 ; Raisin Y.P.S., 1.76; Tecumseh, 
52.50. Petoskey— Boyne City, 3.55 ; Boyne Falls, 1.50 ; 
Cadillac sab.-sch., 15; East Jordan, 23.50; Elmira, 2.50; 
Harbor Springs, 7; Lake City, 17.29; McBain, 2.50; 
Traverse City, 5. Saginaw— Alma, 34 ; Bay City 1st, 100 ; 

— Memorial, 10 ; Coleman, 1 ; Emerson, 50.80 ; Mungers, 2; 
Saginaw East Side Warren, 5 ; — West Side 1st, 16.50 
Taw as, 5. 

Minnesota.— I>?^mi!A— Duluth Hazlewood Park sab.-sch., 
3.91 ; — Highland sab.-sch., 2; Glen Avon, 3.07 ; Lake Side 
sab.-sch., 2.38 ; McNair Memorial, 5 ; Samaria Swedish, 1. 
Mankato— Ebenezer, 360; Luverne Y.P.S., 4; Mankato 1st, 
93.88, sab.-sch., 26.12 ; Pipestone, 8 ; Tracy sab.-sch, 2 ; Winne- 
bago City, 50.22. Minneapolis— Howard, 6 ; Minneapolis 1st, 
139.51, sab.-sch., 15.50 ; — Andrew sab.-sch., 20 ; — Bethany 
sab.-sch., 6.02 ; — House of Faith, 3 ; — Westminster, 232.82. 
Red River — Crookston sab.-sch., 1.58 ; Mendenhall Memorial, 

2 ; Red Lake Falls, 2 ; Stevens, 2. St. Cloud— Rheiderland 
German, 2 ; Spicer 1st, 5 ; St. Cloud, 11.14 ; Wilmar, 6.80, 
sab.-sch., 3.11, Y.P.S., 5.43. St. Paul— Dundas, 2 ; Hastings, 
15, sab.-sch., 1.51; Knox sab.-sch., 5 20; Macalester, 7, 
sab.-sch., 3; Merriam Park, 5; Red Wing, 57.10, sab.-sch., 
20; St. Croix Falls, 10; St. Paul Arlington Hills, 10.53; 

— Central sab.-sch., 50 , — Dayton Ave., 6 ; — Goodrich Ave. 
sab.-sch., 6.35; — House of Hope, 51.52, sab.-sch., 65. 
Winona— Caledonia, 2; — Hope, 1.60; Chatfield, 18.91; 
Frank Hill German, 2 ; Fremont sab.-sch., 2 ; Le Roy sab.- 
sch., 1.80; Oronoco, 5; Owatonna, 10.87, sab.. sch., 3.32; 
Rushford sab.-sch., 1.36; Winona German, 6.35. 

Missouri.— Kansas City— Butler, 22.56; Deepwater,5; Kan- 
sas City 2d Y.P.S., 40.32 ; Lone Oak, 2; Nevada, 36, Y.P.S., 
15; Raymore sab.-sch., 7.40; Rich Hill, 6.90; sab.-sch., 2; 
Salt Springs, 2 ; Sedalia Broadway, 75; sab.-sch., 67.81, Y. 
P.S., 15. Ozark — Ash Grove, 1.75; Carthage Westminster, 
64 ; Eureka Springs, 3.50 ; Greenfield sab.-sch., 1.47 ; Joplin, 
13.72; Lehigh, 1; Springfield 2d sab ;-sch., 1.25. Palmyra— Bell 
Porter Memorial, 2.20 ; Brookfield, 19.25, Y.P.S., 5 ; Edina, 
7 ; Knox City, 5 ; Louisiana, 1.50 ; New Cambria, 12.30 ; 
Pleasant Prairie, 6 ; Shelbyville, 2 ; Wilson, 1. Platte— 
Akron, 2; Grant City Y.P.S., 4; Hamilton, 25.90; Hodge. 
2.84 ; Mirabile, 10.66 ; Parkville, 16.85 ; St. Joseph Hope, 15; 

— Westminster, 10.50 ; sab.-sch., 8.55; Tarkio, 104, sab.- 
sch., 5. St. Louis— Jonesboro, 3 ; Kirkwood sab.-sch., 23.30; 
Rock Hill, 50; St. Louis 1st, 47.75, sab.-sch., 6.76; — 2d, 
300, sab.-sch., 400; — 1st German sab.-sch., 5 ; — Washing- 
ton and Compton Avenue, 355; — West, 30.04. While 
River— Holmes Chapel, 5 ; Plattersville 1st, 2. 

Montana.— Butte— Anaconda, 45.65 ; Hamilton West, 26, 
sab.-sch., 3; Missoula, 20; Phillipsburg, 19. Great Falls- 
Great Falls, 5.65; Havre, 2, sab.-sch., 1.75; Lewistown, 9 ; 
Malta sab.-sch., 3. Helena— Bozeman, 15 ; Spring Hill, 5. 

Nebraska. — Box Butte — Norden, 2.50. Hastings — Aurora, 
17.72, sab.-sch., 4.87; Beaver City, 5.78; Bostwick 1st, 1; 
Campbell, 7; Edgar. 1.25, sab.-sch., 7.16; Hartwell Bethel, 

3 ; Hastings 1st, 65.14 ; Kenesaw, 6.31 ; Lysinger, 2.56 ; Min- 
den, 18; Nelson, 34; Ong, 1; Rosemont German sab.-sch., 
2; Superior, 14. Kearney— Central City sab.-sch., 7 ; Cozad 
Y.P.S, 2.10; Lexington, 7.62; North Loup, 2. Nebraska City- 
Adams, 5.18 ; Fairmont, 4.26 ; Hebron, 7 ; Lincoln 1st, 112.13, 

— 2d, 118.50, sab.-sch., 5.61 ; Plattsmouth, 10 ; Raymond, 1 ; 
Seward, 5.50 ; Utica, 5, Y.P.S., 8.37 ; York, 41.20. Niobrara- 
Atkinson, 3.08; Emerson. 17; Lambert Y.P.S., 143; Madi- 
son, 6.50, Y.P.S., 6.50 ; Millerboro, 50 cts., sab.-sch., 50 cts., 
Y.P.S., 1.25; Osmond; 4; Pendar, 11.36; Randolph, 10; 
St. James, 2.10; Winnebago Indian, 11.06, Y.P.S., 1.04. 
Orn a ha— Bancroft sab.-sch., 3; Blair, 10.27; Clarkson Zion 
Bohemian, 2; Columbus sab.-sch., 3.24; Divide Centre, 1; 
Fremont sab.-sch., 19.29; Lyons, 9.80; Omaha 1st, 85.54, 
sab.-sch., 100; — 2d, 4.75; — Castelar Street sab.-sch., 2.24 ; 

— Clifton Hill, 5 ; Lowe Avenue, 11.41 ; Silver Creek, 2 ; South 
Omaha, 1.50 ; Wahoo, 1 ; Waterloo, 3.70. 

New Jersey. — Elizabeth — Basking Ridge sab.-sch., 40; 
Clarksville, 2 ; Connecticut Farms, 85, sab.-sch., 12.50; Cran- 
ford, 98.52; Lamington, 20; Liberty Corner, 5 ; Lower Val- 
ley, 38.05; Metuchen. 1.12; Perth Amboy, 39.50; Plainfield 
Crescent Avenue, 50 ; — Hope Chapel, 3 ; — Warren Chapel, 



84 



FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



[July, 



55; Pluckamin sab.-sch., 5; Rahway 2d, 104.66. Jersey 
City — Garfield, 8 ; Hackensack sab.-sch., 16 ; Jersey City 
Claremont, 3: Passaic Dundee, sab.-sch., 14.25; Patersbn 2d, 
87.65 ; — 1st German. 5 ; — Broadwav German, 5, sab.-sch., 2, 
Y.P.S., 3 ; West Hoboken, 20. Monmouth — Atlantic High- 
lands Y.P.S., 2; Barnegat, 5; Beverly, 75.79, sab.-sch., 85; 
Bordentown. 6.49 ; Cranburv 1st sab.-sch., 25: — 2d sab.- 
sch., 37.03; Delanco, 13.S5; Farmingdale, 5 ; Forked River, 
5 : Freehold, 13.30, sab.-sch., 4.83 ; Hightstown, 122.66, sab.- 
sch., 40.34 ; Holmanville, 2 ; Jacksonville, 4.14 ; Jamesburgh 
sab.-sch., 60 ; Manasquan sab.-sch., 2.50 ; Moorestown, 60.58 ; 
Mount Holly sab.-sch., 14.36; New Gretna, 18; Oceanic, 
7.92; Plumstead, 2; Providence, 87 cts.; Shrewsbury, 110; 
Tennent, 14.74. Morris and Orange — Bo on ton, 14.16, sab.- 
sch., 67.03; Chatham sab.-sch., 40; Chester, 35; Dover, 
70.21 ; sab.-sch. , 50 ; East Orange 1st, 105.56 ; — Brick, 529.76 ; 
Hanover, 30; Madison sab.-sch.. 100; Mine Hill, 13; Mor- 
ristown South Street, 225.88 ; New Vernon, 1 ; Orange Cen- 
tral, 100 ; Orange Valley German, 5 ; Parsippannv, 8.54, 
sab.-sch., 25 ; Y.P.S., 50 ; South Orange 1st. 136.09 ; — Trin- 
ity, 225 ; Succasunna, 4.15 ; Summit Central, 77.95, sab.-sch., 
5.95; Wyoming. 2. Newark — Arlington, 22.08, sab.-sch., 
6.39 ; Bloomfield 1st, 217.30, sab.-sch., 68.97 ; Kearnev Knox 
sab.-sch., 10: Montclair 1st, 100; — Trinity, 225; Newark 
1st sab.-sch., 25; —2d, 87.50, sab.-sch., 13.06; —6th, 13.02, 
sab.-sch., 45 ; — Bruce Street sab.-sch., 40 ; — Fewsmith Me- 
morial. 37.82 ; — House of Hope, 7.96 : — Roseville, 130 ; — 
South Park sab -sch., 31.30 ; — Wickliffe, 15.72. New Bruns- 
wick— Amwell 1st, 5; —United 1st, 12, sab.-sch., 1; Cran- 
berry sab.-sch., 5.03; Dutch Neck, 83.89, sab.-sch., 8.31; 
Flemington, 183, sab.-sch., 20; Kingston sab -sch., 4; Lam- 
bertville sab.-sch., 6.03 ; Lawrenceville, 85 ; New Brunswick 
1st sab.-sch., 70.36; — 2d, 10; Parsonage sab.-sch., 2.77; 
Princeton 1st, sab.-sch., 9.80; — 2d, 50, sab.-sch., 15.50; 

— Witherspoon Street, 1 ; Stockton, 4 ; Trenton Prospect 
Street sab.-sch., 68.91 ; Miscellaneous sab.-schs., 19.30. New- 
ton— Belvidere 1st sab.-sch.. 18.50 ; Blairstown, 58.80; Branch- 
vine. 1; Danville, 5; Hackettstown. 89.00; Mansfield 1st, 
101.50 ; Newton, 215 ; Phillipsburg Westminster, 10 ; Stan- 
hope, 18; Stewartsville, 14.70; Stillwater sab.-sch., 1.19; 
Yellow Frame, 7.69. West Jersey— Absecon, 5 ; Atco sab.- 
sch., 1.26; Billingsport, 12; Bridgeton 1st, 130; — West, 
75; Cape May Chapel sab.-sch., 42 ; Clayton, 26.14, sab.-sch., 
18 ; Glassborb, 1 ; Gloucester City, 45, Y.P.S., 5 ; Greenwich 
sab.-sch., 35 ; Haddonfield, 2.50, Y.P.S., 10; Jericho, 50 cts.; 
Pittsgrove sab.-sch., 5; Pleasantville, 9.60; Swedesboro, 6; 
Wenonah, 25; Williamstown, 15, sab.-sch., 8; Woodbury, 
34 07, sab.-sch., 85.73 ; Woodstown. 3. 

New Mexico — A rizon a — Phoenix 1st Y.P.S., 18. Rio 
Grand*— Jemes, 1 ; Los Lentas, 82 cts.; Menaul Y.P.S., 10; 
Pajarito, 82 cts. Sante Ft— Aztec, 3 ; Farmington, 2.60 ; La 
Luz, 2 ; Las Vegas 1st, 39.48 ; Los Valles, 2 ; Raton 1st, 11.50 ; 
Sante Fe 1st, 25.77. 

New York.— A Ibany— Albany 1st. 50; — 4th. 46.85; - 
Madison Avenue sab.-sch., 50; — West End, 51; Ballston 
Spa, 70, sab.-sch.. 10: Batchellerville, 12, sab.-sch., 5; Johns- 
town Y.P.S., 100; Mayfield Central, 2.35 ; New Scotland. 15 ; 
Northampton, 11; Pine Grove, 10.95; Princetown Y.P.S., 
5.46; Saratoga Springs 1st, 50.25; —2d, 46.25; Schenectady 
1st, 88.19; sab.-sch., 113.97 ; Voorheesville, 5. Binghamton — 
Apalachin,3; Bainbridge sab.-sch., 4.53; Binghamton Ross 
Memorial sab.-sch.. 5 ; Owego. 25 ; Union, 35, sab.-sch., 1.75; 
Whitney's Point, Y.P.S., 6 ; Boston— Holyoke, 23 ; Houlton, 
7, Y.P.S., 10; Lawrence German, 25 ; Lonsdale, 2; Lynn 
Y.P.S., 7; New Bedford, 7; Portland, 1; Providence 2d 
Y.P.S.,5; Roxburv Y.P.S., 50; Waltham, 3. Brooklyn— 
Brooklyn 1st, 75 ; — 2d, 22.50 ; — Bay Ridge, 220.71 ; — Beth- 
anv, 18.20, sab.-sch., 35.68; — Classon Avenue, 860.50; — 
Cuyler Chapel sab.-sch., 2; — Grace, 41.25, Y.P.S., 15; 

— Hopkins Street, 10 ; — Immanuel, 15.58, sab.-sch., 271 ; 

— Noble Street, 25 ; — South 3d Street, 43.75, sab.-sch., 150 ; 
Woodhaven 1st, 5. Buffalo— Buffalo Bethany, 63.64 : — Cal- 
vary, 540.40 ; — Central, 38.58 ; — East, 5; — Park, 22.52 ; 
Franklinville, 16; Fredonia, 36; Jamestown, 344.23, sab.- 
sch., 25; Portville, 145; Springville, 35.45, sab.-sch., 4.53. 
Cayuga— Auburn 1st, 1,329; — 2d. 3; Genoa 1st sab.-sch., 
12.27 ; — 3d, 1, sab.-sch., 3.72; Meridian, 4; Owasco, 3.25. 
Cham.pl ain—YorX. Covington, 26.71 ; Malone Y.P.S., 5 ; Mine- 
ville, 4. Chemung— Dundee, 9; Elmira Lake Street, 70 ; Mon- 
tour Falls, 3; Rock Stream, 5; Weston. 8.25. Columbia— Cats- 
kill, 11.95 ; Durham 1st sab.-sch., 2.61 : Hunter sab.-sch., 2 ; 
Jewett, 14.48; Sunside, 50 cts.; Valatie, 5.62; Windham, 
6.75. Genesee— Batavia, 25; Leroy Y. P. S., 15. Geneva— 
Canandaigua, 18.70; Canoga, 8.52; Geneva 1st, 7 01; Ovid 
Y.P.S., 50; Penn Yan, 6.85, sab.-sch., 44.63, Y.P.S., 10; 
Romulus sab.-sch., 15 ; Trumansburg, 35.24, sab.-sch., 10.76. 
Hudson — Callicoon, 3.25; Centreville, 10; Florida, 20.89 ; 
Hamptonburg, 12 ; Hempstead, 2 ; Middletown 2d sab.-sch., 
50; Milford, 32; Otisville, 4; Palisades Y.P.S., 15; Rock- 
land 1st, 3 ; Roscoe, 14 ; Unionville, 3 ; West Town, 7. Long 
Island — Bridgehampton, 10.88, sab.-sch., 17.24 ; Greenport, 
22 ; Moriches, 29.39 ; Port Jefferson, 1 ; Sag Harbor, 37.49; 
Setaucket sab.-sch., 20; Shelter Island. 29.46, sab.-sch., 6; 



Yaphank sab.-sch., 2.56. Lyons — Clyde sab.-sch., 10 ; Newark 
Park, 55.36; Palmyra Y.P.S., 10; Wolcott 1st, 12.0S. Nassau — 
Glenwood, 2.25 ; Hempstead Christ Church, 25 ; Hunting- 
ton 1st, 172.09; Jamaica, 100; Smithtown sab.-sch., 5; 
Springland, 50, sab.-sch., 5. New York — New York 4th 
Avenue, 76, Y.P.S.. 10: — Bethanv, 3.43; —Bohemian, 5; 

— Brick, 25, sab.-sch., 30.72 ; — Calvarv Y.P.S., 5 ; —Christ, 
30.93; — Church of the Good Shepherd. Y.P.S., 10.12; — 
Faith, 42.50, sab.-sch., 37.50; — French Evangelical sab.- 
sch., 15; — Lenox, 46.52; — Madison Avenue, 230,74; — 
Madison Square, 100; — Mizpah Chapel sab.-sch., 25; — 
North, 300, Y.P.S.. 8; — Scotch, 46.68, sab.-sch., 60.15; — 
Spring Street, 90, sab.-sch., 7; — Washington Heights, 131.66 ; 

— West End, 150. Niagara— Albion, 50 : Holly, 17.91 ; Lock- 
port 1st, 50, sab.-sch., 50 ; Mapleton Y.P.S., 5*; Medina, 41 ; 
Middleport, 3.50 ; Niagara Falls, 100 ; — Pierce Avenue 
Y.P.S., 1.75. North River— Bethlehem, 14.16 ; Cold Spring, 
3.12 ; Highland Falls, 1 : Newburg 1st sab.-sch., 24 ; — Cal- 
vary, 11.26 ; Pine Plains, 5.50 ; Pleasant Valley Y.P.S., 5; 
Poughkeepsie sab.-sch., 433.50; Rondout sab.-sch., 22.04. 
Otsego— Cherry Valley, 77.19 ; East Meredith, 8 ; Oneonta, 
47.21 ; Worcester sab.-sch., 3.30. Rochester— Avon Central, 3 ; 
Brighton, 24 ; Y.P.S., 5 ; Chili, 18 ; Dansville, 5 : Lima sab.- 
sch., 6; Nunda, 47.55; Parma Centre, 1 ; Pittsford, 36.00: 
Rochester Central sab.-sch., 25; — Memorial sab.-sch. 10, 
Y.P.S., 5 ; Scottsville, 2, sab.-sch., 5 ; Sparta 2d, 10 ; Sweden 
Centre Y.P.S.. 4; Village of Geneseo, 14.81, sab.-sch., 45, 
Y.P.S., 7.22; Wheatland, 29.55, sab.-sch., 50 cts. St. Lawrence— 
Cape Vincent Y.P.S., 2.45 ; Carthage, 19.50 : Potsdam, 2.50 ; 
Watertown 1st, 61.07 ; Angelica Y.P.S., 5 ; Avoca, 6.52 ; 
Bath, 175.64 ; Corning, 70 ; Hornellsville 1st, 15.83 ; Howard, 
10.50 ; Painted Post sab.-sch., 6.30 ; Woodhull, 4. Syracuse— 
Cazenovia Y.P.S., 12.50 ; East Genesee sab.-sch , 4.77 ; Fulton 
and Granby sab.-sch., 5 ; Hannibal Y.P.S.. 1.60 ; Syracuse 1st, 
180.25; — Park, sab.-sch., 75. Troy— Caldwell, 6; Cohoes, 
10; Fort Edward, 4.50; French Mountain sab.-sch., 2.33; 
Glen Falls, 80.76 ; Malta, 2 : Pittstown, 3 ; Salem sab.-sch., 
3.63 ; Sandy Hill, 22.25 ; Stillwater 1st, 20 : Trov 1st, 91.33 ; 

— 9th, 114.13 ; — Woodside, 22.92 ; Warrensburg, 5.12 ; Water- 
ford sab.-sch., 20; Whitehall, 11.95, sab.-sch., 10. Utica— Clin- 
ton, 52.75; Forest, 50 cts.; Glendale sab.-sch., 63 cts.; Ilion, 
10.50, sab.-sch., 10.50 ; Litchfield, 1 ; Little Falls. 97, Y.P.S, 
50 ; Lowville, 105.31 ; New Hartford, 37.46 ; Norwich Corners, 
3 ; Oneida, 24.47 ; Rome, 44.56 ; Utica 1st, 74.51, Y.P.S., 30 ; 

— Bethany, 9.52, Y.P.S., 10.20 ; — Memorial. 205 : — West- 
minster, 100 ; Verona, 14 ; Walcott Memorial, 25 ; Water- 
ville, 20.72. Westchester— Bridgeport 1st, 90.16 ; Greenburgh 
sab.-sch., 75: Hartford, 40; Huguenot Memorial, 33, sab.- 
sch., 4; Irvington sab.-sch., 25, Y.P.S., 25; Katonah, 45; 
Mahopac Falls sab.-sch., 20; Mount Vernon 1st Y.P.S.,25; 
New Rochelle 1st, 25 ; Peekskill 1st, 45.10 ; Poundridge, sab.- 
sch.. 20, Y.P.S.. 30 ; Rye sab.-sch., 117 ; South Salem, 10.68 ; 
White Plains, sab.-sch., 25, Y.P.S., 10: Yonkers Dayspring, 
84: — Westminister sab.-sch. 12; Yorktown sab.-sch., 24; 

North Dakota— Bismarck— Bismarck Y.P.S., 10; Man- 
dan sab.-sch., 2.28. Fargo — Baldwin, 11 ; Ellendale, 7.75; 
Miscellaneous, 3. Minnewaukon— Bottineau, 22.50 ; Minot, 3; 
North Peabody 5. Pembina — Arvilla, 10 ; Bay Centre, 5 ; 
Hvde Park, 2.60 ; Walhalla, 2.40. 

Ohio — .4 thens— Athens, 62.85. sab.-sch., 1.68 ; Berea, 2.75 ; 
Bristol, 15.21 ; Deerfield. 5 ; Gallipolis, 20 ; McConnellsville, 
20 ; Middleport, 20 ; Pleasant Grove, 8 ; Pomeroy, 28 ; Rut- 
land, 4.25; Tupper's Plains, 1; Vete, 4; Warren sab.-sch., 
1.35 ; Miscellaneous, 3. Be/lefonlaine— Galion, 18, sab.-sch., 4: 
West Liberty, 5 ; Chillicothe 1st, 1.75. Cincinnati— Bantam 5, 
Batavia, 10; Bond Hill, 6.15; Cincinnati 1st, 33.28; —2d 
German, 8, sab.-sch., 36.34; — 5th sab.-sch., 4.22 ; — 6th, 7, 
sab.-sch., 7 ; — Calvary, 28 ; — Poplar Street, 10 ; — Walnut 
Hills, 680.63; Elizabeth and Berea. 5; Loveland sab.-sch., 
12.03; Monroe, 19.75; Monterey Y.P.S., 4; Montgomery, 
12.71 ; Morrow, 4.50, sab.-sch., 5.50 ; Pleasant Run, 1 ; West- 
wood, 6. Cleveland— Cleveland 1st, 42, Y.P.S , 680 ; — 2d, 
50, sab.-sch., 160; — Beck with, 40.21; — Bethany, 12.40; 

— Calvarv, 1.96 ; — Case Avenue, 51 ; — Madison Avenue, 
9.71, sab.-sch., 9.71 ; — North, 76, sab.-sch., 47.28 ; — South, 
5; — Woodland Avenue, 100; Independence, 5: Milton 
sab.-sch., 6 ; North Springfield, 4 : Wickliffe, 3 ; Wildermere, 
12.79. Columbus— Amanda, 5.45 ; Bethel, 2.25 ; Bremen, 3.44 ; 
Circleville, 60: Columbus 1st, 157.22, sab.-sch., 20.51 ; Dub- 
lin sab.-sch., 1; Green Castle, 1.20; Greenfield, 4.79; Lan- 
caster, 48, sab.-sch., 15; London. 31.01, sab.-sch. 7.81 ; Mid- 
wav, 9.31 ; Mount Sterling sab.-sch., 8.50 ; Scioto, 1 ; W'ester- 
vill'e, 12, sab.-sch., 6. Dayton— Bath Y.P.S., 1 ; Bethel sab.- 
sch., 1.75 ; Blue Ball, 1 ; Dayton 1st Y.P.S., 50 : — 4th. Y.P.S. , 
14.50 ; — 3d Street Y.P.S., 12.25 ; — Memorial Y.P.S., 12.72 ; 

— Park, 15.31, Y.P.S., 7.28 ; — Riverdale Y.P.S., 10; —Wayne 
Avenue, 6.32, Y.P.S., 3.25; Eaton Y.P.S., 5 ; Gettvsburg 
Y.P.S., 1 ; Greenville Y.P.S., 10; Hamilton, 21.4-5; Middle- 
town 1st Y.P.S., 15 ; New Carlisle Y.P.S., 3.65 ; New Jersey 
Y.P.S., 2.50; New Paris Y.P.S., 5; Oakland Y.P.S., 5; Ox- 
ford sab.sch., 25.65, Y.P.S., 14.50: Piqua Y.P.S., 15; Rilev 
Y.P.S., 1.50; South Charleston Y.P.S., 7; Springfield 1st, 
5, Y.P.S., 20; — 2d, sab.-sch., 35, Y.P.S., 10; Troy, 52.77, 



1898.] 



FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



85 



Y.P.S., 25 ; West Carrolton, Y.P.S., 2.50 ; Xenia, 66.51, Y.P.S. 
10: Yellow Springs, 100, Y.P.S., 2. Huron— Elmore, 4; 
Fremont, 5 : Genoa, 2 ; Delphos sab. -sen., 5.75 ; Findlay 1st, 
100; Lima Market Street, 52.22, sab.-sch., 20 ; Mount Jeffer- 
son, 5 ; New Stark, 5 ; Ottawa, 8.09 ; Rockford, 6, sab.-sch., 6 ; 
Turtle Creek, 5; Van Wert sab.-sch., 36.75. Mahoning — 
Alliance, 42 ; Ellsworth, 2, sab.-sch., 15 ; Mineral Ridge, 6 ; 
North Benton, 20, sab.-sch., 8.30, Y.P.S., 12 ; Warren, 54.45 ; 
Youngstown , 52.36 ; — Westmin ster sab -sch. , 13. 66. Marion — 
Brown, 2 ; Caledonia, 65 cts.; Iberia sab.-sch., 1.50 ; Marion, 
100.65, sab.-sch., 21.88. Maumee — Antwerp, 10; Bowling 
Green, 72 ; Edgerton sab.-sch., 85 cts.; Lost Creek, 3 ; Mont- 
pelier, 5, Y.P.S , 5 ; North Baltimore, 12 ; Pemberville, 31.10 ; 
Perrysburgh Walnut Street, 7 ; Scott, 1.50 ; Toledo 5th sab.- 
sch., 4.54 ; West Unity, 3.50. Portsmouth— Decatur sab.-sch., 
2 ; Ironton, 10.94 ; Jackson, 7 ; Johnston, 2 ; Red Oak, 4.70 ; 
Ripley sab.-sch., 10: Wellston, 9. St. ClairsviUe — Barnes- 
ville, 12.73 ; Beallsville, 5 ; Beulah, 14 ; Cadiz, 5 ; Coal Brook, 
14.87; Crab Apple, 23.66; Martin's Ferry, 28 70; Morris- 
town, 8; New Castle, 2; Powhatan, 2; Senecaville, 10; St. 
ClairsviUe, 35, sab.-sch., 15; Washington, 20; West Brook- 
lyn, 3. Steubenville — Bacon Ridge, 4.46; Beech Spring 
Y.P.S., 3.64; Bethel sab.-sch., 7, Y.P.S., 20; Bloomfield, 
Y.P.S., 2; Carrollton sab.-sch., 5, Y.P.S., 15 : Centre Unity, 
Y.P.S., 2; Corinth, Y.P.S., 25; Deersfield, 3; Dennison 
Radway Chapel sab.-sch., 12, Y.P.S., 15; Feed Spring sab.- 
sch., 5, Y.P.S., 5 ; Hanover, 8 ; Harlem Springs, 10, Y.P S., 
10; Hopedale, Y.P.S., 17 ; Irondale, Y.P.S., 10; Lima, 3 ; 
Madison Y.P.S. 20; Newcomerstown Y.P.S., 5.50: Pleasant 
Springs sab.-sch., 6; Potter Chapel Y.P.S., 10; Richmond 
sab.-sch.. 26.54; Scio, 18 ; Smithfield, 14, Y.P.S., 4 ; Steuben- 
ville 1st Y.P.S., 25; Toronto Y.P.S., 19 ; Urichsville Y.P.S., 
20 ; Wellsville, 85 ; Yellow Creek Y.P.S., 10. Wooster— Apple 
Creek, 1.25; Clear Fork, 2.50; Congress, 16.29; Creston 
Y.P.S., 8.57 ; Fredericksburg Y.P.S., 5 ; Hopewell, 2.74, sab.- 
sch., 10.56 ; Jackson, 7.05 ; Mansfield, 50 ; Mount Eaton, 5 ; 
Shreve, 10.50, sab.-sch., 6.20, Y.P.S, 8.50; West Salem, 7. 
Zanesville— Bladensburg, 4; Clark, 22; Granville, 7.76, sab.- 
sch., 2.74 ; Keene, 32, sab.-sch., 6 ; Madison, 10.75 ; Martins- 
burg, 9.50 ; Mount Pleasant, 3 ; Newark 1st, 7.75, sab.-sch., 7; 
New Concord, 8 ; Zanesville 1st, 26.68, sab.-sch., 8. 

Oregon. — East Ora/orc— Monkland sab.-sch., 4 ; Pendleton, 
7.35 ; Union, 5.61. Portland— Bay City, 1 ; Damascus Trinity 
German, 1 ; Eagle Park German, 1 ; Mount Pleasant sab.- 
sch., 1.75 ; Mount Tabor, 4 ; Portland 1st, 287.24 ; — 4th, 9 ; 

— Calvary, 105 ; — Mizpah sab.-sch., 1.69 ; — Westminster, 
11; Tillamook, 4. Southern Oreqon — Ashland, 4.10, sab.- 
sch., 3, Y.P.S., 3 ; Grant's Pass, 25, Y.P.S., 5 ; Roseburg, 2. 
Willamette — Albany, 56.41, sab.-sch., 7.43; Aurora, 2; 
Brownsville, 10 ; Fairfield, 1 ; Spring Valley, 3. 

Pennsylvania.— A llegheny— Allegheny 2d, 72, Y.P.S., 10; 

— 1st German, 16.30, sab.-sch., 23.51 ; — McClure Ave., 329 ; 

— Melrose Avenue, 2.50 ; — North sab.-sch., 50 ; Bakers- 
town Y.P.S., 50; Bellevue Y.P.S., 5; Bethlehem, 5; 
Brighton Roads sab.-sch., 25; Clifton, 5, Y.P.S., 5; Cross 
Roads, 5 ; Evans City, 13.53 ; Fairmount, 5 ; Glasgow, 1 ; 
Glenshaw, 19; Millvale, 9.02; Oak Grove, 1.50; Pine Creek 
1st sab.-sch., 2.15; Sewickly, 591.97, sab.-sch., 225; Sharpsburg 
sab.-sch., 22.70; Tarentum sab.-sch., 6.26. Blairsville— Beulah, 
53; Blairsville, 25, sab.-sch., 125.77; Braddock sab.-sch., 
14.43 • _ 2d, 15; Congruity, 28; Cross Roads, 9; Ebens- 
burg, 20, Y.P.S., 10; Kerr, 16; Latrobe, 5, sab.-sch., 27; 
Ligonier, 2.20 ; Parnassus, 15 ; Pine Run, 27 ; Pleasant 
Grove, 6 ; Poke Run sab.-sch., 7 ; Salem, 7; Turtle Creek, 
39; Unity Y.P.S., 12. Butler— Buffalo, 10; Crestview, 1; 
Fairview, 12.83; Harlansburg sab.-sch., 5; Jefferson Centre, 
1 ; Millbrook sab.-sch., 1.42 ; Mount Nebo, 7 ; New Hope sab.- 
sch., 8; North Washington, 16.40, sab. sch., 41.38; Petrolia, 
17.32; Plain Grove, 16 ; Pleasant Valley, 12; Westminster, 19; 
Zelienople sab.-sch., 3. Carlisle— Carlisle 1st Y.P.S., 5; — 
2d, 15, sab.-sch., 50, Y.P.S., 11.77; Centre Y.P.S., 5: Cham- 
bersburg Central Y.P.S., 5; Dauphin, 2 ; Derry Y.P.S., 3; 
Dickinson Y.P.S., 5 ; Duncannon Y.P.S., 10 ; Gettysburg Y. 
P.S., 7 ; Harrisburg Bethany Chapel Y.P.S., 5 ; — Covenant 
Y.P.S., 5 ; — Pine Street, 101.56, Y.P.S., 18.50 ; — Westmin- 
ster Y.P.S., 5; Lebanon Fourth Street Y.P.S., 3; — Christ 
sab.-sch., 10.11; Lower Path Valley, 18; McConnellsburg 
Y.P.S., 2.60; Mechanicsburg Y.P.S., 5.55; Mercersburg Y. 
P.S., 5.38; Middle Spring Y.P.S., 5.50; Middletown, 45, Y. 
P.S.,3.60; Millerstown, 13, sab.-sch., 8; Monaghan Y.P.S., 
7.25; Paxton Y.P.S., 3 ; Robert Kennedy Memorial Y.P.S., 
5 ; Shermansdale Y.P.S., 1 ; Shippensburg, 6.25 ; Steelton Y. 
P.S.,5; Upper Path Valley, 10, sab.-sch.. 15.81 ; Waynes- 
boro sab.-sch., 9. Chester— Bryn Mawr, 607.50 ; Calvary, 22, 
sab.-sch., 7; Christiana, 10; Coatesville, 108.95; Doe Run, 
11- Fairview, 19; Glenolden sab.-sch., 10: Media, 15; 
Middletown, 26; New London, 60; Olivet, 5; Oxford 1st, 
24 ; Swarthmore, 8 ; Upper Octorara, 90. Clarion— Beech Tree 
Union sab.. sch., 2.50: Brockwayville, 76.89; East Brady, 
31.75 ; Emlenton, 98.87; Falls Creek, 2 ; Licking, 10 ; Perry, 
20; Kathmel, 4.15. .Erie-Conneautville, 7.50, Y.P.S., 7.75; 
Erie 1st, 75 ; — Central, 60 ; — Park, 28 ; Fairview Y.P.S., 3; 
Girard sab.-sch., 3.50; Greenville, 30.49, sab.-sch. , 4.26; Irvine- 



ton^; Kendall Creek, 4.68 ; Mercer 1st, 86 ; Oil City 1st sab.- 
sch., 40; Sugar Grove, 2; Tideoute sab.-sch., 9.89; Titusville, 
250; Utica sab. -sch. ,6. 49; Westminster sab. -sch., 9.81. Hunting- 
don— Alexandria sab.-sch., 11.50; Altoona 2d, 153; Bedford 
sab.-sch., 8.06 ; Bellefonte, 130.38, sab.-sch., 57.21 ; Belleville 
sab.-sch., 10 ; Buffalo Run, 10 ; Clearfield, 650 ; Coalport, 2 ; 
Hollidaysburg, 28.32 ; Houtzdale, 7.26 ; Lewistown, 5 ; Lick 
Run, 10; Mapleton, 4; Milroy sab.-sch., 15.40; Mount 
Union, 6.75, Y.P.S., 3; Philipsburg, 35.50; Pine Grove 
Mills, 8 ; Port Royal, 24 ; West Kishacoquillas, 55. Kittan- 
ning — Apollo, 23; Bethel, 11; Boiling Spring, 6; Clinton, 
19.62 ; Crooked Creek, 6 ; Ebenezer, 40 ; Elderton Y.P.S., 15; 
Freeport, 51 ; sab.-sch., 5 ; Kittanning 1st, 130 ; Leechburg 
sab.-sch., 25 ; Marion, 6, sab.-sch., 5 ; Mechanicsburg, 4.89; 
Midway, 3 ; Mount Pleasant, 2; Rockbridge, 1.25; Salts- 
burg, 10 ; AVorthington, 5, sab.-sch., 5. Lackawanna— Ben- 
nett, 5; Canton Y.P.S., 30 ; Carbondale, 15.50, sab.-sch., 9; 
Forty-fort, 62.80 ; Greenwood, 2 ; Honesdale sab.-sch., 47.29 ; 
Montrose sab.-sch., 20; Pittston, 10.57, Y.P.S., 24; Plains, 8; 
Pleasant Mountain, 2; Plymouth, 10 ; Rome, 2; Scranton 1st, 
100 ; — 2d, 292.05 ; — Petersburg German, 13.41 ; — Provi- 
dence, 11.28: Silver Lake Y\P.S., 10; Troy sab.-sch., 12; Tunk- 
hannock sab.-sch., 10 ; West Pittston, 461.21; Wilkesbarre 
1st, 250, sab.-sch., 450; — Grant Street, 8; — Memorial, 
274.33 ; — Westminster sab.-sch., 73.53. Lehigh— Allen town 
sab.-sch., 20 ; Ashland sab.-sch.. 14 ; Bangor, 3, sab.-sch., 2 ; 
Bethlehem 1st sab.-sch., 10.75 ; Catasauqua Bridge Street, 10; 
Easton Brainerd Union sab.-sch., 15 ; Freeland, 2 ; Lamford, 
5; Lower Mount Bethel, 6, sab.-sch., 7.20; Mahanoy City, 
18.94 ; Mauch Chunk, 25.68, sab.-sch., 40 ; Middle Smithfield 
sab.-sch., 3.25; Mountain sab.-sch., 2.50; Pen Argyle, 5; 
Pottsville 1st sab.-sch., 35.17 ; — 2d sab.-sch., 15.24 ; Read- 
ing Olivet sab.-sch., 25 ; Riverside sab.-sch., 10.11; Shenan- 
doah sab.-sch., 6.34; Stroudsburg sab.-sch., 39.55; Summit 
Hill, 10; Upper Lehigh, 15.93; Weatherly sab.-sch., 10. 
Northumberland— Allen wood sab.-sch., 6 ; Berwick, 28, sab.- 
sch., 5.50; Bloomsburg, 141.98 ; Chillisquaque, 5 ; Emporium, 
15 ; Grove, 5 ; Honesdale, 547.70 ; Lewisburg, 72.46 ; Mahon- 
ing sab.-sch., 21.36 ; Milton sab.-sch., 17; Montgomery, 18 ; 
Montoursville, 5 ; Mooresburg, 3 : Mount Carmel, 11.82 ; 
Muncy, 62 ; Orangeville, 1 ; Pennsdale, 1 ; Renovo 1st, 75, 
Y.P.S., 25 ; Trout Run, 2.56 ; Warrior Run, 23 ; Washington 
sab.-sch., 11; Williamsport 1st, 75; — 3d, 26.27; — Cove- 
nant sab.-sch., 43.49. Parkersburg — French Creek, 6; 
Kanawa, 27.61, Y.P.S., 5.76; Morgan town, 16 ; Sistersville, 
25 ; Sugar Grove, 3 ; Miscellaneous, 3. Philadelphia— Phila- 
delphia 2d, 50; — 4th, 63; — 10th, 362.56; — Bethany, 
104.81; — Bethesda sab.-sch., 4.07; — Bethlehem, 35.44; 

— Carmel German, 3 ; — Central, 50 ; — Chambers Me- 
morial, 443.05, sab.-sch., 50 ; — Cohocksink, 5.60, sab.-sch., 
8.40 ; — Corinthian Ave., 14 ; — Emmanuel, 35 ; — Green- 
wich Street, 30 ; — Harper Memorial, 16.64 ; — Hebron Me- 
morial, 14, sab.-sch., 3 ; — Hollond, 45 : — Lombard Street 
Central, 3 ; — McDowell Memorial Y.P.S., 5 ; — North, 14 ; 

— North Broad Street, 125 ; — North Tenth Street, 65.72 ; 

— Richmond, 4; —Southwestern, 20, sab.-sch., 11.03; — 
Tabor sab.-sch. , 23; — Temple, 124.75;— Tennent Memorial, 5; 

— Tioga, 70 ; — Union Tabernacle, 30 ; — Walnut Street 
sab.-sch., 64.13; — Washington Square, 104.92; — Wharton 
Street, 10.63. Philadelphia North— Abington, 3.22; Carmel, 
4.50, sab.-sch., 2.50; Carversville, 3.50, sab.-sch., 3; Forest- 
ville, 7: Germantown 1st sab.-sch., 87.76; — West Side, 
15.95; Jefferson Centennial, 2; Leverington. 31, sab.-sch., 
32.08 ; Lower Providence, 10; Macalester Memorial, 3.16; 
Morrisville sab.. sch., 6.36 ; Neshaminy of Warminster, 30; 

— Warwick sab.-sch., 41 ; Norristown 1st, 161.66 ; Oak Lane, 
5 ; Reading Olivet, 29.60 ; — Walnut Street, 7. Pittsburgh- 
Amity, 40, Y.P.S., 5; Bethany, 10, sab.-sch., 26.60; Bethel, 
23; Chartiers, 16.50 ; Courtney and Coal Bluff, 2; Crafton, 
100; Edgewood sab.-sch., 45.21; Fairview, 10; Homestead, 
20, sab.-sch., 5, Y.P.S., 30 ; Idlewood Hawthorne Avenue, 
34; Lebanon, 40.60; Long Island sab.-sch.; 28.12; McKee's 
Rocks sab.-sch., 10 ; Monaca, 6 ; Montours, 9, Y.P. S., 5 ; Mt. 
Carmel, 4; Mount Pisgah, 10; North Branch, 1; Oakdale 
sab.-sch., 7.23; Oakmont 1st, 17; Pittsburg 1st, 90; —3d, 
1244.78 ; — East End, 9.57 ; — East Liberty, 245.98, sab.- 
sch., 118.37 ; — Grace Memorial, 1 ; — Hazlewood, 36.29 ; — 
Herron Avenue, 3.90 ; — Morning Side, 1.78 ; sab.-sch., 3.67; 

— Mt. Washington, 32.86 ; — Park Avenue, 75.53; — Point 
Breeze, 155.70 ; — Shady Side, 129, sab.-sch., 75.45 ; — West 
Erjd, 10; — Woodlawn, 4.10; Swissvale, 38; Wilkinsburg 
Y.P.S., 30. Redstone— Long Run, 17; McKeesport 1st sab.-sch., 
81.45; — Central, 48.50, sab.-sch., 19.50; Mount Pleasant, 
38 ; New Geneva, 1 ; Round Hill, 5 ; Tent, 3.50 ; Tyrone, 10; 
West Newton, 99.25. Shenango— Beaver Falls, 40 ; Centre 
sab.-sch., 10 ; Little Beaver, 2.50 ; Mahoning sab.-sch., 23.80 ; 
Mt. Pleasant, 82, sab.-sch., 15; New Brighton, 1, sab.-sch., 50; 
New Castle Central Y.P.S., 6; Pulaski, 10; Rich Hill sab.- 
sch., 11 ; Unity sab.-sch., 32. Washington — Allen Grove, 10; 
Forks of Wheeling sab.-sch.. 22; Hookstown,30 ; McMechan, 
1 : Moundsville, 8 ; Pigeon Creek, 8 . Vance Memorial, 26.15; 
Washington 1st, 143.81, sab.-sch., 242.22; — 2d sab.-sch., 
40.08; — 3d, sab.-sch., 7; Wheeling 2d, 9.62. Wellsboro— 



86 



FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



[July, 



Austin, 10, sab.-sch., 2- Coudersport, 2.50, Y.P.S., 2.50; 
Covington, 3.21; Elkland and Osceola, 125; Mansfield, 13. 
Westminster — Bellevue, 10, sab.-sch., 18. Centre, 78.10; 
Chanceford, 12.48; Lancaster 1st, 22 ; — Memorial, 2, sab.- 
sch., 3; Pequea, 23.38; Stewartstown, 5; Union, 24; York 
Westminster, 12. 

South Dakota.— Aberdeen— Aberdeen, 12. Black Hills 
— Carmel, 1; Minnesela, 2. Central Dakota — Bethel, 2.95; 
Colman, 2; Flandreau sab.-sch., 5 ; Hitchcock, 15 ; Huron, 
4.29, sab.-sch., 15 ; Lake, 2 ; Pierre, 12, Y.P.S., 10; Union, 
1 ; Volga, 3.25 ; Wentworth, 2.85. Dakota— Hohe, 2.55 ; Pop- 
lar sab.-sch., 6.72; Porcupine, 2. Southern Dakota — Brule 
Co. 1st Bohemian, 3 ; Canton, 2 ; Ebenezer, 5 ; Harmony, 
12.27; Parkston. 10.19; Scotland, 7.75 ; Sioux Falls, 17.11 ; 
Union Centre, 3.75. 

Tennessee. — Holston— Elizabethton, 3; Erwin, 3 ; Green- 
ville, 87.90 ; Johnson City Watonga Avenue, 2 ; Mt. Bethel, 
16 ; Mt. Olivet, 1 ; Oakland Heights, 19.53 ; St. Marks, 2. 
Kingston— Chattanooga Park Place Y.P.S.,2.41; Hill City 
North Side, 3.10; Huntsville, 12.50; sab.-sch., 4; New De- 
catur Westminster, 2; Pratt City, 4.25; Sherman Heights, 
3.10 ; Thomas 1st, 2.25. Union— Bethel, 1 ; Caledonia, 7.71 ; 
Knoxville 4th, 154.84, sab.-sch., 10 ; New Salem, 2 ; Shunem, 

1 ; St. Paul's, 3 : Washington, 8 ; Westminster, 4. 
Texas.— Austin— Austin 1st Y. P. S., 37.30; Fayetteville 

Bohemian, 5; (ialveston 4th, 6.55, sab.-sch., 81 cts., Y.P.S., 
2.64; Menardville, 2; Milburn, 3; Mitchell, 2; New Or- 
leans Immanuel ; Pasadena 1st, 1. North Texas — Henrietta, 

2 ; Jacksboro, 10. Trinity— Baird, 2 ; Dallas 2d, 23 73, sab.- 
sch., 60 cts., Y.P.S.,12.45 : Mary Allen Seminary, 20. 

Utah.— Bo ise— Boise City 1st, 11.40 ; — Bethany, 1.37. 
Kendall— Sodar Springs sab.-sch., 2. Utah— Ephraim sab.- 
sch., 6; Logan Brick, 10; Manti sab.-sch., 4.25; Ogden 
1st, 8.41 ; Salt Lake City 1st sab.-sch., 17 ; Miscellaneous, 10. 

Washington. — A laska— Northern Light, 15.76, sab.-sch., 
5, Y. P. S., 3. Olympia — Aberdeen, 1; Carbonado 1st, 5 ; 
Cosmopolis, 7.15 ; Montesano, 6; Mulhall, 1; Puyallup, 10 ; 
Tacoma 1st, 8.45; Vancouver 1st Memorial sab.-sch., 5. 
Puget Sound— Bellingham Bay, 5; Mission, 1; Mt. Pisgah, 
5; Seattle Westminster, 10 ; Sumner Y.P.S., 3 ; Wenatchee, 
50 cts. Spokane — Bridgeport, 5 ; Bonner's Ferry, 4.97 ; 
Davenport, 12; Y. P. S., 25 ; Enterprise, 3; Larene, 11; 
Loomis, 6 ; Rathdrum, 3 ; Spokane 1st, 7 ; St. Andrews, 2 ; 
Waterville, 7. Walla Walla— Denver, 2 ; Julietta, 3 ; Ka- 
miah 2d, 2.50; Moscow, 9.01; North Fork, 5 ; Walla Walla, 
9.43, sab.-sch., 12.78, Y.P.S.,4. 

Wisconsin.— Chippewa — Bayfield sab.-sch., 3.10; Besse- 
mer, 4; Hudson sab.-sch., 3 ; Rice Lake, 14; Superior, 18. 50. 
La Crosse— Bangor, 2; La Crosse 1st Y.P.S., 2. Madison— 
Brodhead, 18; Bryn Mawr, 2.30; Cambria, 11.05 ; Cottage 
Grove, 4.05; Janesville, 56 30; Marion German, 4 ; Pierce- 
ville, 1; Reedsburg, 3; Richland Centre, 30, sab.-sch., 5; 
Rockville German, 1. Milwaukee— Horicon, 2 ; Milwaukee 
(lerman, 1 ; — Perseverance, 7.44, sab.-sch., 10, Y.P.S., 2.50 ; 
Ottawa, 4.50; Racine 1st, 52.06. Win nebago— Buffalo, 16; 
Depere, 30.54 ; Lake Howard, 1 ; McGregor, 1 ; Merrill 1st, 
21.10 ; Neenah, 37.12 ; Stevens Point, 5, Y. P. S., 5; West- 
field, 5 ; Winneconne Y.P.S., 4. 

WOMAN'S BOARDS. 

Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of 
the Presbyterian Church $95,410 54 

Woman's Presbyterian Board of Mis- 
sions of the Northwest 35,476 64 

Woman's Board of Foreign Missions of 
the Presbyterian Church 13,401 32 

Woman's Presbyterian Foreign Mis- 
sionary Society of Northern New 
York 4,531 58 

Woman's Presbytery Board of Foreign 

Missions of the Southwest. 5,100 00 

Woman's Occidental Board of Foreign 
Missions ... 5,205 11 

Woman's North Pacific Presbyterian 

Board of Missions 1,414 88 

$160,515 07 

LEGACIES. 

Estate of Anna Wilhelm $200 00 

Leroy Schoolscraft 383 99 

" James L. Parent. 11 95 

" Nancy H. Stewart 500 00 

" Mrs. Jean Smith 48 00 

Jacob Steel 13 11 

" George M. Finney 199 75 

" James Graham 12 00 

" Dr. Cyrus Falconer 960 00 

" Mrs. Margaret Bovard . ... 5000 

Anna Wilhelm 100 00 

Jane C. Engle 850 00 

" James Brown 444 03 

" Rev. Francis V. Warren. . . 75 00 

E. S. Compton 93 26 

" M. A. Lapsley 17 47 

$2,801) 96 



MISCELLANEOUS. 

Andrew Baird, support of native teacher at Chee- 
foo, 25 ; James M. Speer, 75 ; Rev. James M. 
Anderson, 20 ; Rev. AVm. Hoppaugh, 15 ; Mrs. 
F. R. Wells, 10 ; Students and Faculty of Hast- 
ings' College, support of native missionary in 
India, 30 ; George Stumpf, 1.75 ; W. A. Lem- 
mon, 3; Edward J. Lloyd, 2.08; "A Friend," 
25 ; James W. Edmonds, 5 ; Miss Louisa Mur- 
phy, 75 ; Charles Bird, U.S.A., support of native 
worker, Seoul, 6 ; Missionary Association of 
Wooster University, account of salary of Dr. 
Henry Forman, India, 35; Income from fund 
of General Assembly for Foreign Missions, 
350.31 ; W. C. McKee, 15 ; Mrs. Bertha Colling, 
support of Tate Ram, Ambola, 112 ; " A 
Friend,'' for work in Barranquilla, 2; Edward 
F. Darnell, 2 ; Newton Presbytery, 10 ; Rev. 
Thomas Gray, 10 ; Princeton Seminary Mission- 
ary Association, toward salary of Hugh Taylor, 
50 ; Kate Mitchell, itinerating work, Lahore, 
30; G. E. Webster, M.D.,5; Rev. J. E.Brown, 
1 ; John C. Wick, 500 ; Oscar Roberts, 4 ; Robt. 
Houston, 35 ; Mrs. Addie Burgett, 10 ; Hattie C. 
Duncan, 17.50; C. M. Hornet, 7; Miss Jennio 
M. Baird, 30 ; Rev. E. E. Grost, 3.50 ; T. Nash, 
6 ; Rev. and Mrs. D. O. Irving, account of 
salary, Awan Dos, 100 ; Dwight L. Parsons, 
6.65; Mrs. M. D. Ward, 5 ; Miss Laura Ward, 
20; "H. B.," 100; "Christian Herald," 2.50; 
Rev. H. A. Nelson, D.D.,LL.D., 4.80; M. P. 
Gray, 1 ; Agnes Cochran, 100 ; C. S. West, 5 ; 
Rev. Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Hill, 15 ; A. M. Peu- 
lam, 1 ; Benevolent Society of Princeton Theo- 
logical Seminary, 115.59 ; Rev. John Thomas, 1 ; 
"C. Penna.," 22; C. H. M., N.J., 9.24; W. H. 
Rose, 2; Easter Offering, 100; "Send a dollar 
to India," 1 ; Binghamton, 5 ; A friend, support 
of Mr. Eraser and Dr. Johnson, 83.34 ; Readers 
of the "Christian Herald," for work in San 
Pauls, 1; "Cash," 10; "From a Friend," 5; 
Mrs. J. Livingston Taylor, support of missiona- 
ries, 1000; Kenneth Brown, 25; "Bronx," 5; 
F. E. S., Easter Offering, 10 ; John B. Hill, 50 ; 
The Mite Gatherers of Sweden Centre Church, 
10 ; Brainerd Institute Missionary Society for 
Gaboon Mission, 6 ; Willard Martin, 1 ; H. A. 
Green, 3 ; Mrs. J. Livingston Taylor, account of 
salaries of missionaries, 68.45 ; Mrs. Mary L. 
Porter, 2.50; W. E. Hunt, support of Chlatri 
Lai, 5 ; " A Family Missionary Box," 105 ; Dr. 
William St George Elliott, 21.86; A member of 
Beech wood Church, Pa., 26 cts.; Annual offer- 
ing, 10; W. J. Mackee, support of E. Baneiji 
Jhansi, India, 13.50 ; James Joy, account of 
salary, V. F. Partch, 150 ; F. M. McMullin, 1 ; 
S. I. McBride, 5 ; C. L. M. Thompson, 20; H. 
Webster, 10; " C. C. M.," 25; D. C. Harrower, 
for work in India, 10 ; " For Charley's Sake," 
support of a Bible woman in Kalhapur, 15 ; F. 
W. Griffith, 50 ; Rev. E. K. Mechlin and wife, 
5 ; Charlotte E. Williams, 200 ; Missionary So- 
ciety of Western Theological Seminary, support 
of Rev. Mr. Ewing, India, 73 ; Missionary So- 
ciety of Auburn Theological Seminary, 230.01 ; 
McCormick Seminary, 225 ; Harris Ely Adri- 
anse, 100; Wm S. Harris, 1.10; S. B. Turner, 
100 ; " In Memorian A. A.," 50 ; Master Willard 
Martin, 64 cts.; "Cash," 200; B., Indiana, 5; 
Mrs. W. S. Opdyke, 25 ; Rev. and Mrs. E. W. 
Brown, 20; Rev. Edwin P.Robinson, 15 ; Mrs. 
M. A. Caw, 1 ; Rev. George W. Smith. 5 ; "Pres- 
bytery of Santa Fe," 5 ; Mrs. John Redpath, 5 ; 
F. A. Bradley, 20 ; A mother and two daugh- 
ters, 1 ; Mrs. M. A. Buchanan, 25 ; Western 
Theological Missionary Society, support of Mr. 
Ewing, 100 ; Widows' Mite Society, Bridgeham- 
ton 1st Church, Mich., 1.21 ; for sending Dr. E. 
M. Wherry to India, 15 ; Geo. W. Farr, Jr., 50; 
" A Friend," 1 ; Bronxville, 10 ; Rev. Rollin L. 
Adams, 5 ; Edwin L. Barrett, 100 ; E. R Hill, 
support of Du Ping Shing, 15; Rev. J. B. Fow- 
ler, 5 ; Rev. Geo. H. Johnston, 10 ; " M.M.," 25 ; 
Samuel C. Gilbert, 100 ; Rev. H. H. Benson, 2 ; 
Rev. and Mrs. Meyer, 10 ; Murray Missionary 
Society, 33.94; Rev. C. H. Van Wie, 10; Dorcas 
Circle Dayton Park Church, 3 ; Mrs. A.W. Lud- 
low, 20; "Alpha," 10; J. E. Bond, 13.20; Rev. 
J. H. Ireeman, Laos, 5 ; "M.A.P.," Minnesota, 
200 ; Sale of Salem church property, Greenville, 
Pa., 51.71 ; D. J. Ennis, support of Rev. S. G. 
Wilson, 75; Rev. Allen H. Brown, 5; John H. 
Converse, support of Rev. Mr. Crozier, China, 



1898] 



FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



87 



785.26 ; Rev. and Mrs. J. B. Smith, 25 ; John S. 
Merriman, 1 ; " Presbvtery of Hempstead," 10 ; 
Rev. J. A. P. McGaw, 10; Rev. Chas. E. Eckels, 25; 
Mrs. Sarah K. Wheeler, 5 ; Rev. B. E. P. 
Prugby, 2 ; Mary A. Brooker, 1 ; McCormick 
Theological Seminary, for T. G. Brashear, 58 ; 
W. F. Buel,5; Missionary Society of Western 
Theological Seminary, support of Rev. Mr. 
Ewing, 10; S. W. Miller, 4 ; A friend, per John 
Mclntyre, toward support of a missionarv, 600 ; 
Mrs. Martha H. Clark, 3; " M. M. M.," Pitts- 
burgh, 30; "A Friend," 2; Gilbert Kirker, 2.50 ; 
Rev. A. Virtue, 2 ; Patterson Broadway German 
Ladies' Society, 5 ; E. L. T., 16; Mrs. T. E. 
Gideon, 2 ; Mrs. Rev. P. G. Cook and Miss 
Laura E. Cook, 5 ; Home and Foreign Mission- 
ary Society Emanuel Church, Philadelphia, 2.56 ; 
'' M. I. C," 5 ; A friend from South Carolina, 5 ; 
Mrs. Hester Ayres, for Armenian Orphans, 50 ; 
"A Friund," 500; Rev. BeDJamin M. Nyce, 
support Rev. J. E. Adams, 300 ; Missionary Oil 
Wells, 219.59 ; R. Binsley, support of E. John- 



ston, 12.50 ; Missionary Association Wooster 
University, support of Rev. Henry Forman, Iu- 
dia, 55.54; Miss S. Elsie Tyler, 2 ; "E.,"1.50; 
" C. Penna.," 22 ; Rev. E. P. Foresmore, 2 ; Chi- 
nese in San Francisco, 106.80; Loomis' Memo- 
rial Juvenile Missionary Society, 6.95 ; Monte- 
rev Seminarv Fund, 200 ; Jennie Oram, 20 ; 
Schien'elin Fund, 240 ; S. M. Thwing, 392 ; H. 
M. White, 86.40 ; H A. Campbell, 30 ; Egbert 
Starr, 100 ; Mrs. Willett, 5 ; W. H. Jackson, 40 ; 
Miss Stokes, 500 ; Mrs. J. Livingston Taylor, 
1000 ; A. W. Duff, 500 ; Rev. J. H. Freeman, 5 ; 
Miss S. M. Van Duzee, 3.05. 



Total received during the month of April, 1898, $237,172 42 
Total received from May 1, 1897, to April, 30, 

1898 801,773 19 

Total received from May 1, 1896, to April 30, 

1897 793,082 20 

Charles W. Hand, Treasurer, 
156 Fifth Avenue, New York. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF FOREIGN MISSIONS, MAY, 1898. 



Atlantic— McClelland— Mount Pisgah, 1. South Florida 
—Winter Haven, 5. 

Baltimore. — Baltimore — Baltimore Boundary Avenue, 
71.08 ; — Brown Memorial, 101.40. New Gas</e— New Castle 
sab.-sch., 2.28 ; Port Penn sab.-sch., 5.60; W T est Nottingham, 
15. Washington City— Washington City 4th, 13.55 ; — Gur- 
ley Memorial, 12.60. 

California.— Los Angeles— Colton, 17.50 ; Glendale, 3 ; 
Inglewood, 7.75 ; Los Angeles Immanuel, 65, sab.-sch., 20; 
Pacific Beach, 1.85; Pasadena 1st sab.-sch., 49.85. Oakland— 
Fruit vale, 3.25; Liverniore, 2.50. San Francisco — San Fran- 
cisco Memorial sab.-sch., 16. 

Catawba.— Cape Fear— Rowland 1st, 1 ; Maxton 2d, 1. 

Colorado.— Boulder— Boulder, 9.75 ; Rawlins, 6. Pueblo— 
Pueblo 1st, 15.15 ; Trinidad 1st, 13 ; Walsenburgh, 51 cts. 

Illinois.— Bloomington — Danville 1st, 150; Downs, 2. 
Chicago— Chicago 3d, 149.50; — 5th sab.-sch., 7.34; — 6th 
sab.-sch.. 49.05; — Sixtieth Street, 7.67; Deerfield sab.-sch., 
5.75; Wilmington, 10.47. Freeport — Cedarville, 11; Prairie 
Dell German, 30; Rockford Westminster sab.-sch., 62. 
Peoria — Brimfield, 11.40; Elmwood sab.-sch., 2.30. Rock 
River— Morrison sab.-sch., 3.57 ; Rock Island Central, 10, Y. 
P. S. ,6.50. Schuyler— Buyliss, 5 ; Monmouth, 83.39. Spring- 
jield— Springfield 1st, 60. 

Indiana.— Crawfordsville— Dayton sab.-sch., 12.75. Fort 
Wayne — La Grange, 13. Indianapolis— Indianapolis 1st, 10. 
Jj)gansport — Logansport Broadway, 5. New Albany — Plea- 
sant Township, 2.30. White Water— Richmond 2d, 24. 

Indian Territory.— Choctaw— Atoka, 10 ; Lehigh, 2 ; 
Philadelphia, 65 cts. 

Iowa.— Cedar Raids— Clarence, 27. Dubuque— Farley, 7. 
Fort Dodge— Estherville sab.-sch., 7 ; Lohrville, 7.24. Iowa— 
Burlington 1st, 13.20. Sioux City— Eliicott Creek, 3.71. 
W"l> rloo— Waterloo sab.-sch., 19.37. 

Kansas. — Emporia — Council drove sab.-sch., 5.87 ; Elmen- 
daro sab.-sch., 2; Emporia 1st, 24; Harmony, 1.10; Madi- 
son sab.-sch., 3 ; Wichita, Oak Street, 10. Lamed— Pratt, 5. 
Solomon— Abiline, 6. Topeka —Kansas City 1st. 12.64. 

Kentucky.— Ebenezer— Ebenezer,12.58; Murphysville, 2.55. 
Transylvania — Assembly, 28. 

Michigan. — Flint — Amadore, 1 ; Lexington, 2. Lake 
Superior— Manistique Redeemer sab.-sch., 21.79. 

Minnesota. — Mankato— Jackson sab.-sch., 6.30; Morgan 
sab.-sch., 1.08; Worthington Westminster, 12.10. Minneapolis 
—Maple Plain, 2.71; Minneapolis 5th 1.46; — Faith sab.-sch., 
2; — House of Faith, 3 ; — Shiloh, 11.85, sab.-sch., 2.79. 
SL Paul— Shakopee sab -sch., 9.07 ; St. Paul Central, 39.21. 
Winona — Etna Union, 20. 

Missouri.— Platte— Barnard, 10; Bethel, 4.01 ; New York 
Settlement, 5; Rockport, 2; Weston, 5.50. Sl.Louis—De 
Sota, 8.10 ; St. Louis 1st sab.-sch., 29.46 ; Webster Grove, 5. 

Nebraska.— Box Untie— Bodarc, 1.50; Crowbutte, 55 cts.; 
Union Star, 3.84 ; Willow Creek, 81 cts. Hastings— Blue 
Hill sab.-sch., 4.35 ; Campbell, 3 ; Ruskiu, 1. Nebraska City— 
Beatrice 2d, 5. Niobrara— South Fork, 1.75. Omaha- 
Omaha Lowe Avenue, 1.59. 

New Jersey.— Elizabeth— Fertb. Amboy sab.-sch., 3.87 ; 
Westfield sab.-sch., 50. Monmouth — Jamesburgh sab.-sch., 
1.94; Manaplan, 6 ; Manasquan, 10 ; Perrineville sab.-sch., 
2.50; Providence sab.-sch., 2.63. Morris and Orange— Chatham, 
10; Morristown South Street sab.-sch., 112.50; Orange 1st 
sab.-sch., 100;— Central, 320. Newark— Bloomfield West- 
minster sab.-sch. , 60 ; Montclair 1st sab.-sch., 50 ; —Grace 
sab.-sch., 50; Newark Italian sab.-sch., 5. — Park 35.52. New 
Brunswick— Milford sab.-sch., 17.98 ; Pennington, :;2.41 ; 
Princeton 1st, 25.27 ; Trenton 1st, 368 ; — 3d, 68.22. Newton— 



Oxford 2d, 7.25; Stanhope sab.-sch., 9. West Jersey— Cam- 
den 2d, 1. 

New Mexico.— Arizona— Flagstaff, 9.30, sab.-sch., 1.20 ; 
Florence, 10. Santa Ft— Ocatc, 2. 

New York. — Albany— May field Central, 2.50. Biugham- 
ton — Bainbridge, 11.50 ; Windsor sab -sch., 10, Y'.P.S., 10. 
Boston— Lowe 1, 33 ; Roxbury, 20 66. Brooklyn— Brooklyn 
1st sab.-sch., 25 ; — Classon Avenue, 5 ; — Lafayette Avenue, 
16.44; — South Third Street. 24.66. Cayuga— Genoa 2d, 
2.50. Chemung— Breesport, 6.78. Columbia— Catskill, 166.61. 
Genesee — Oakfield, 3. Geneva— Geneva 1st, 23.63; Man- 
chester sab.-sch. , 7 ; Seneca Falls, 71.04. Hudson— Middle- 
town 1st, 25. Long Island — Bridgehampton, 22.52 ; South- 
ampton, 36.28. Lyons — Lyons sab.-sch., 35.94; Ontario 
Centre, 2. New York — New York Thirteenth Street sab.-sch., 
60 ; — Harlem, 7.81 ; — Madison Square, 150 ; — Puritans 
sab.-sch., 50; — West End sab.-sch., 15.89 ; — Westminster 
West Twenty-third street sab.-sch., 25.07. North River — 
Freedom Plains, 5. Otsego— East Guilford, 3.80. St. Law- 
rence — Chaumont, 20. Syracuse — Syracuse Park, 241.30. 
Troy— Cambridge, 100 ; Hoosick Falls", 17. Utica— Kirklaud, 
5 ; Knoxboro sab.-sch., 5 ; Vernon sab.-sch., 10. Westchester— 
Bridgeport 1st sab.-sch., 40; Peekskill 1st. 33.55. 

North Dakota. — Minnewaukon — Rolla, 5. Pembina — 
Park River, 10. 

Ohio.— Bellefontaine— Bellefontaine, 15.51 ; Crestline sab.- 
sch., 6.70. Chillicothe- White Oak, 13.02. Cincinnati— Cin- 
cinnati 2d German sab.-sch., 3.50. Cleveland — Cleveland 1st 
sab.-sch., 26.93 ; — North, 25; North Springfield sab.-sch., 
4 60. Huron— Olena, 7.10 ; Tiffin, 19.75 Lima— Ada, 39 07 ; 
Zion Welsh, 5.47. Mahoning — Youngstown, 28.43. Maumee— 
Edgerton, 10. St. Clairsville— Demos, 8. Steubenville—C&T- 
rolltou Y'.P.S., 5; Centre Unity, 1; Unionport, 2; Yellow 
Creek sab.-sch., 24.48. Zanesville— Zanesville Brighton, 3.95. 

Oregon.— East Oregon— Bethel, 2; Union, 2.71. Portland — 
Oregon City, 1. 

Pennsylvania. — Allegheny — Allegheny North, 20. 
Butler— Concord, 15 76 ; North Liberty, 13 ; North Washing- 
ton, 4 ; West Sunbury, 16.25. Carlisle— Chambersburg 
Falling Spring sab.-sch., 30.28 ; Harrisburg Elder Street, 3 ; 
Steelton, 4. Chester— Media, 25, sab.-sch., 25 ; Plucnixville, 
22. Clarion— Endeavor, 115.63 ; Licking sab.-sch., 13.63. 
Erie— Garland, 9.90 ; Meadville Central, 20 ; Sugar Creek, 5. 
Huntingdon — Beulah, 8.78; Duncansville sab.-sch., 3.64; 
Hollidaysburg, 10. Lackawanna — Ashley sab.-sch., 7; 
Brooklyn, 8; Pittston sab.-sch., 10; Scranton Green Ridge 
Avenue, 300; Wyoming sab.-sch., 5. Lehigh— Allentown, 
39 ; South Bethlehem, 1. Parkersburg— Hughes River, 10. 
Philadelphia— Philadelphia Cohocksink sab.-sch., 7.30; — 
South, 5; — Tioga Y.P.S., 45; — W T alnut Street, 1800. 
Philadelphia North— Morrisville, 19.64. Pittsburgh— Pitts- 
burg 2d sab.-sch., 12.06; — Shady Side, 148.50; Sharon 
27.09. Redstone— Industry, 10. Washington— East Buffalo 
sab.-sch., 6; West Alexander sab.-sch., 40. Westminster — 
Wrightsville, 11.16. 

South Dakota. — Aberdeen — Oneota, 1.30. Black Hills — 
Bethel, 2; Elk Creek, 5 ; Plainview, 3. Dakota— Ascension, 
2; Buffalo Lake, 2 ; Lake Traverse, 50 cts. ; Pine Ridge, 15; 
W T hite River, 1 ; Yankton Agency, 4. 

Tennessee. — Un wj— Knoxville Bell Avenue, 2. 

Texas.— North Texas— J acksboro sab.-sch., 1.30. 

Utah. — Utah — Hyrum Emmanuel sab.-sch., 2. 

Washington.— Alaska— Fort Wrangell, 2.50, Y.P.S.. 2.50, 
Paget Sound — Acme, 5 ; Deming, 1.50 ; J Sumner, 8. 
Spokane— Davenport, 25. 



fe8 



FOREIGN MISSIONS EDUCATION. 



[July, 



"Wisconsin.— Madison— Eden Bohemian, 2; Fancy Creek, 
2 : Muscoda Bohemian, 2 ; Pleasant Hill, 3 ; Prairie du Sac 
sab.-sch., 90 cts. Milwaukee— Milwaukee Calvary sab.-sch., 
25 ; Ottawa, 1.83. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

Ch as. Bird, support Mr. Chunn, 6; Mrs. M. D. 
Ellison, 20 ; "A Friend," 2 ; Etta M. Collins for 
Prabhu Das Fund, 10 , Mrs. G. W. Gantz, 5 ; 
" B. 0. R.," 5 ; Miss A Hie Corsa, 2 50 ; " In the 
Master's Name," 50cts.: J. H. Judson, 22.50; 
J. A. Ferguson, 5 ; Jos. W. Sheehan, 3 ; Mrs. M. 
J. Shaw, 40; Miss D. S. Morton, 3; Miss F. C. 
Bascom, 40 ; Missionary Association of Wooster 
University. 12.55; Mrs. Wm. Harris, for salary of 
Wm. Harris, Jr., 15; Western Theo. Seminary, 
support A. Ewing, 4.75 ; Walter P. Gray, 1 ; Miss 
M. A. Hall, 150 ; Paul I). Gardner, 7.55 ; Mary E. 
Whitfipld, 5 ; F. H. Kraesche and wife, 7 : Miss 
Alida Beyer, support child in India and China, 
2 ; Miss H. A. Dickinson, 1 ; "A friend," sup- 
port of Messrs. Johnson and Fraser, 83.33 ; C. 
Penna., 100 ; McCormick Theological Seminary, 
for T. G Brashear's salary, 130 ; G. C. Gearm, 
support of Mr. Massey, 6 ; Rev. Albert Liver- 
more, 5; "F. E. S.," 5.15; "A friend,"! ; W. 
D. Bees, 1000 ; Elder Nan Tomachi, 1 ; Mrs. 
Geo. X. Halliwell, 10 ; Kev. Robt. H. Warden, 
for native workers in China, 177.48 ; N. E. 
Hunt, support of Chlati Lai, 5 ; Harriet J. Baird 
Huey, 10; Agnes Anderson, 5 : " Roneale," 50; 
Rev. Albert B. King, 30 ; Antrim W. Yale, 25 ; 



John S. Merriman, 1 ; Rev. R. M. Coulter, 2 ; 
Princeton Seminary Miss. Soc, 175; Mrs. J. G. 
E.,5; Mary W. Niles, 3.75; James W, Smith, 
22; C. J. Bowen, 400; Princeton Theological 
Seminary, 108.74 : " One who loves the cause," 1 ; 
Thomas Smith, 10 : Miss Julia Gombert, 5 ; "H. 
L. J ," 40 ; Chase & West, for Miss Field. 125 ; 
Mr. and Mrs. G. A. Raugh, 5 ; "A member of 
Lenox Church," 50 cts.; "A friend." 200; Rev. 
H. T. Scholl, 3 ; Miss M. E. Drake, 5 83,126 30 



WOMEN S BOARDS. 



Woman's Occidental Board of Foreign Missions. 

Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of the 

Presbyterian Church, 



26 77 
600 00 



$626 77 



LEGACIES. 

W. H. Boyd estate, 100 ; Geo. S. Bryan estate, 
2833.37; Miss Dickinson estate, 962 57 ; M. J. 
Myers estate, 625.51 ; Ingalls estate, 375; J. A. 
Caughey estate, 50 4,946 45 

$4,946 45 

Total received for the month of May, 1898 016,475 99 

Total received for the month of May, 1897 13,693 43 

Charles W. Hand, Treasurer, 
156 Fifth Avenue, New York. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF EDUCATION, APRIL, 1898. 



Baltimore. — Baltimore — Baltimore Ridgely Street. 2 ; 
Chestnut Grove, 10; Mount Paran. 5; Taneytown, 14.27. 
New Castle— Wilmington West, 17. Washington City— Wash- 
ington City 1st, 6. 

California.— Los Angeles— Colton, 6.65; Glendale, 2; 
Monrovia, 1.82 ; Santa Monica, 6. Santa Barbara— Stockton 
1st, 7.70. 

Catawba. — Cape Fear— Rowland 1st, 1. Catawba— Char- 
lotte Seventh Street, 1. 

Colorado. — Pueblo— Del Norte, 3.25. 

Illinois.— Chicago — Chicago Sixtieth Street, 2.10; — 
Italian, 1. Ottawa— Grand Ridge, 6.30. Peoria— Prospect, 

4. Rock River — Peniel. 6.50 Schuyler — Ellington Memorial, 
3. Springfield— Farmington, 2.30 ;Mason City, 4.04 ; Peters- 
burg, 1.89. 

Indiana. — Indianapolis— Greenfield, 3 ; Indianapolis 7th, 

5. New Albany— Oak Grove, 1. 

Iowa. — Des Moines— Centreville, 7.57. Dubuque— Bethel, 2. 
Iowa— New London, 1. Iowa City — Washington, 1.49. 
Sioux City— Woodbury Co. Westminster 56 cts. Waterloo— 
East Friesland German, 53.45. 

Kansas. — Solomon— Concordia, 10.66. Topeka — Topeka 2d, 
5. 

Kentucky. — Louisville— Owensboro 1st, 25. Transylva- 
nia — Harrodsburg 1st, 5 

Michigan. — Detroit— Detroit Calvary, 5 ; — Memorial, 5. 

Minnesota.— Duluth— Samaria, 50 cts. Red River— Red 
Lake Falls, 1. St. Cloud—St. Cloud, 2.03. St. Paul— Red 
Wing, 11.05 ; St. Croix Falls, 2. Winona— Chatfield, 1.96. 

Missouri. — Palmyra — Unionville, 2. 

Nebraska. — Hastings— Hartwell Bethel, 1: Minden, 4. 
Nebraska City— Hebron, 1.30 ; Staplehurst, 2. Niobrara — 
Millerboro and sab.-sch., 1. 

New Jersey. — Elizabeth— C'arksville, 1 ; Elizabeth West- 
minster, 11.04. Jersey City — West Hoboken, 4. Monmouth— 
Barnegat, 4; Bordentown, 4.49; Cranbury 2d, 4. Morris 
and Orange— Chester, 3. Neiv Brunswick— Princeton Wither- 
f-poon Street, 1. 

New Mexico. — Rio Grande— Los Lentas, 15 cts.; Pajarito, 
15 cts. 

New York.— A Ibany— Saratoga Springs 2d, 8.75; Voorhees- 
ville, 1 Boston— Manchester (rerman, 3. Brooklyn— Brook- 
lyn Arlington Avenue, 2. Champlain — Chazy, 10. Hudson — 
Greenbush, 11.36. Long Island— Moriches, 6.67. Nassau— 
Smithtown, 9.37. Rochester— Chili, 5; Lima, 12.50. St. 
Lawrence — Brasher Falls, 3. Syracuse— Fayetteville, 1.88 ; 
Syracuse 1st, 27.32; — East Genesee, 2.13. Utica— Utica 
Bethany, 3.87 ; Waterville, 1.89. Westchester— Rye, 14.38. 

North Dakota.— Fargo— Sanborn, l. 



Ohio.— Athens— Deerfield, 1 ; McConnellsville, 2 , Pleasant 
Grove, 1. Chillicothe— Chillicothe 1st, 10; North Fork, 1. 
Cleveland— Cleveland Calvary, 44 ; — North sab.-sch., 2.62. 
Columbus — Scioto, 1. Lima— Ottawa, 76 cts. Maumee — 
Weston, 2.25. Portsmouth— Jackson, 3. St. Clairsville— 
Coal Brook, 7.82; New Castle, 1; Senecaville, 1; West 
Brooklyn, 1. Wooster— Hopewell 7. Zanesville— Chandlers- 
ville, 1.37 ; Oakfield, 1. 

Oregon.— East Oregon— Union, 1.02. 

Pennsylvania. — Btairsville — Ebensburg, 9. Butler- 
Butler 2d, 4 ; Petrolia, 5.31. Carlisle— Harrisburg Covenant, 
10. Chester— New London, 5. Clarion— Beech Woods (a 
member of), 34 cts.; Richland, 1. Kittanning— Glen Camp- 
bell, 1. Lackawanna— Plains, 4 ; Wyoming, 4. Philadel- 
phia— Philadelphia Greenway, 6. ' Pittsburgh— Pittsburgh 
East Liberty, 19.42 ; — Grace Memorial, 2 ; — Shady Side, 
53.75; Sharon, 10. Redstone— Tent, 50 cts. Washington— 
Washington 1st, 46.80. Westminster — Centre (sab.-sch., 
6.76), 24. 

South Dakota.— Southern Dakota— Scotland, 2. 

Washington. — Spokane— Spokane 1st, 5. Walla Walla — 
North Fork, 2. 

Wisconsin. — Chippewa— Rice Lake, 4. Milwaukee— Mil- 
waukee German, 1 ; — Perseverance, 1 ; Ottawa, 82 cts. 



Receipts from churches in April 8734 65 

" " Sabbath-schools and Y. P. Societies. 10 38 



LEGACIES. 

Balance from estate Jas. Brown, Kittanning, Pa. 

REFUNDED. 

L. W. W., on account 



MISCELLANEOUS. 

Mrs. P. G. Cook, Buffalo, NY., 3; A minister's 
tithe, Presbytery of Athens, 1.33 ; A minister's 
tithe, Presbytery of Fargo, 1.33 ; A minister's 
tithe. Presbytery of Parkersburg, 1.34 ; C. M. 
Hornet, 1 ; Rev. A. Vinton Lee, West Va., 2 .... 

Total receipts from April 16th to 30th, inclusive, 



222 30 



50 00 



10 00 



$1,027 34 



Jacob Wilson, Treasurer, 
512 Witherspoon Building, Philadelphia. 



1898.] 



EDUCATION — COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES. 



89 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF EDUCATION, MAY, 1898. 



Baltimore.— New Castle— Perryville, 1.50. 

California.— £en?cia — Ukiah, 1. Los Angelos — North 
Ontario sab.-sch., 2.62. Oakland— Oakland Union Street, 5. 

Catawba.— Cape Fear— Ebenezer sab.-sch., 1. 

Colorado.— PaeWo— Walsenburgh Spanish, 51 cts. 

Illinois.— Freeport — Marengo, 5; Prairie Dell German 
Mission Post, 10. Sc huyler— Monmouth, 12.97. 

Indiana. — Fort Wayne — Albion, 2.65. White Water— 
Richmond 1st, 22.92. 

Iowa.— Cedar Rapids— Richland Centre, 9.65. Des Moines 
—Grimes, 6 ; Indianola, 10. Iowa— Burlington 1st, 2.40; 
Mt. Pleasant 1st, 26.88. Sioux City— Ellicott Creek, 75 cts.; 
In wood, 4. . ° «* 

Michigan.— Detroit— Mt. Clemens, 5. Kalamazoo— Stur- 
gis, 1.50. Lake Superior— Manistique Redeemer, 5. Lansing 
—Battle Creek, 5. ,«_«.«» 

Minnesota.— Minneapolis— Minneapolis Shiloh, 2.75. *V. 
C/owd— Greenleaf, 1.86 ; Spring Grove, 2. St. Paul— St. Paul 
Central, 9 02. Winona— Oronoco, 2. 

Nebraska.— Nebraska City— Beatrice 2d, 1. Niobrara— 
Madison, 4. Omaha— Bancroft, 2.50. 

New Jersey.— Jersey City— Jersey City 1st, 15.28. Mon- 
mouth— Calvary, 15.70." Newark— Caldwell, 22.67 ; Newark 
Park, 26.54. New Brunswick— Ewing, 11.23; Princeton 1st, 
157.80. Newton— Phillipsburgh 1st, 5. West Jersey— Bridge- 
ton West, 20 ; Camden 2d, 10 ; Hammonton, 2.50. 

New York.— Boston— Lowell, 5. Buffalo— Silver Creek, 
4 50 Genesee— Elba, 3. Geneva— Manchester, 12. Hudson 
— Monticello, 18 ; Stony Point, 18.62 ; Cash, 100. Lyons— 
Sodus, 3.10. New York— New York 1st Union 6.42. North 
Eicer—Ameaia South, 8.47 ; Cornwall on Hudson, 7.32 ; 
Newburg 1st, 14. Rochester— Mt. Morris, 5.75. St. Law- 
rence -Chaumont, 1. Troy— Hoosick Falls, 8 ; Troy West- 
minster, 8.84. Westchester— White Plains, 41.07 ; Yonkers 
1st sab.-sch., 25.75. 

North Dakota.— Pembina— Park River, 6. 

Ohio.— Bellefontaine — Bellefontaine, 2.82. Cincinnati— 
Bond Hill, 4.18. Cleveland-Cleveland 1st sab.-sch., 12.31. 
Lima— Enon Valley, 3. St. Clairsville—Vemos, 4. 



Oregon.— East Oregon— Union, 49 cts. 

Pennsylvania.— Blairsville— Johnstown 2d, 12. Butler 
—Concord, 7.86 ; Mars, 1 ; New Salem, 2 ; Zelienople, 6.64. 
Chester — Glen Riddle, 2.10 ; West Chester Westminster, 7 ; 
West Grove, 4. Clarion — Beech Woods (a member of), 28 
cts. Erie— Garland, 1.80 ; Girard (Miles Grove Branch, 
1.75), 8. Huntingdon— Tyrone, 37.18. Lackawanna— Wilkes 
Barre 1st, 179.37. Philadelphia— Philadelphia 4th, 11 ; — 
Grace, 4. Pittsburg — Idlewood Hawthorne Avenue, 6 ; 
Pittsburgh Knoxville, 10 ; — Shady Side, 61.87. Westminster 
—Chestnut Level, 4. 

South Dakota. — Dakota— Buffalo Lake, 1 ; White River, 
1 ; Yankton Agency, 2. 

Tennessee. — Holslon — Elizabethton, 2.25 ; Jonesboro, 
8.30. 

Texas.— North Texas— Jacksboro, 6.35. 

Utah. — Utah— Salt Lake City Westminster, 4. 

Washington. — Olympia— Cosmopolis, 2.20; Montesano, 1. 

Receipts from churches in May $1,129 36 

11 " sab. -schs. and Y.P. Societies 4168 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

"M. R," Jenkintown, Pa., 10; " B. O. R,"5; 
Mrs. A. D. Irvine, Damascus. Pa., 200 ; Relig- 
ious Contribution Society of Princeton Theo- 
logical Seminary, 15.72 ; "C. Penna.," 2 232 72 

INCOME ACCOUNT. 

32, 105 137 00 

Total receipts in May, 1898 81,540 76 

Total receipts from April 16, 1898 2,568 10 

Jacob Wilson, Treasurer, 
512 Witherspoon Building, Philadelphia. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF AID FOR COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES, MAY, 1898. 



Atlantic— Mc Clelland— Mt. Pisgah, 1. 1 00 

Baltimore.— New Castle— Port Deposit, 4 ; Smyrna, 3. 
Washington City- -Washington City 1st, 6. 13 00 

California.— .Benicia— Ukiah, 1. Los Angeles— Colton, 
3.35 ; San Fernando 3. San Francisco— San Francisco 1st, 
50. San Jose— Cambria, 3. 60 35 

Colorado.— Boulder— Fort Collins Golden Link Mission 
Band, 10 ; Fossil Creek, 3 ; Longmont Central, 4. Denver— 
Denver Westminster Whatsoever Mission Band, 10; Little- 
ton, 1.50. Pueblo— Bowen, 3; La Costilla, 1; Pueblo 1st, 
15.11 ; San Pablo, 1. „ , 48 T 61 

Illinois.— Freeport— Marengo, 5. Rock River— Rock Is- 
land Broadway, 16.55. Schuyler— Monmouth, 12.96. 34 51 

Indiana.— Fmcenraes— Evansville (irace, 24. 24 00 

Indian Territory.— Kiamichi—Mt. Gilead, 70 cts. /0 

Iowa.— Des ilfomes-Centreville, 7.15. Dubuque— Bethel, 
2. Fort Dodge- Burt, 5; Glidden, 9.88; Irvington, 3.50. 
Iowa— New London, 1. Iowa City— Washington, 1.50. Sioux 
City- Ellicott Creek, 75 cts.: Hospers 1st Holland, 2 ; Lyon 
Co. German, 4; Manilla, 1.25. 38 03 

Kansas.— Highland— Barnes, 2 ; Blue Rapids, 11 ; Irving, 
2. ropefta— Topeka Westminster, 3.31. -, 1 , 831 

Kentucky.— Transylvania— Greensburg, 3 ; Harrodsburg 

Assembly, 5. , „ «■ „ 8 ?? 

Michigan.— Detroit — Detroit Immanuel, 7; Ypsilanti, 
10.51. Grand Rapids— Grand Rapids 1st, 17.50. Kalamazoo 
— Plainwell, 5; White Pigeon, 5. Lansing— Lansing 1st C. 
K., 1.40. Monroe- Monroe, 4.04. Petoskey— Elmira, 25 cts. ; 
Harbor Springs, 1. Saginaw— Alma, 110.30; Midland, 32; 
West Bay City Westminster, 45. 239 00 

Minnesota.— Z>u/mM— Samaria, 50 cts. Mankalo -Wells, 
5. Minneapolis— Minneapolis 5th, 1 ; — Bethlehem, 5. St. 
Cloud-St. Cloud, 2.02. St. Paul— Red Wing, 11 06. 24 58 

Missouri.— Ozark— Neosho (sab.-sch., 2), 9. . 9 00 

Nebraska.— Nebraska City -Beatrice 2d, 2; Utica, 2 
Niobrara— Madison, 2.61. 6 61 

New Jersey.— Elizabeth— Clarlzsville, 1 ; Perth Amboy 
sab.-sch., 3.63. Jersey City— West Hoboken, 4. Monmouth— 
Belmar, 1; Lakewood, 50 : Perrineville, 1; Point Pleasant, 
2. Morris and Orange— Chester, 5; Madison, 89.78: Whip- 
pany, 1. Newark— Newark Memorial, 12 ; — Park. 7.03. 
Newton— Washington, 5. West Jersey— Hammonton, 3.55. 

185 99 

New Mexico.— Rio Grande— Los Lentas, 15 cts,; Pajarito, 
15 cts. 30 



New York.— Albany— Saratoga Springs 2d, 7.50. Boston— 
Lowell, 5. Brooklyn — Brooklyn Arlington Avenue, 3 ; — 
Ross Street, 21 ; — Westminster, 7.59. Cayuga— Genoa 1st, 
5. Columbi a— Hunter, 5. Geneva— Seneca Castle, 3.51. 
Hudson — Union ville, 2. Long Island — Moriches, 6.67. 
Nassau— Huntington 1st, 29.45; Smithtown,9.43. New York — 
New York 1st Union, 8.94. North River — Canterbury, 4; 
Wappinger's Falls, 1.78. Otsego— Guilford Centre, 2. St. 
Lawrence— Chaumont, 2. Steuben — Howard, 3.25. Syra- 
cuse— Fayetteville, 2 ; Syracuse East Genesee, 2.12. Troy- 
Malta, 2. Utica— Utica Olivet, 5. Westchester— South Salem, 
8.16. 146 40 

North Dakota.— Pembina— Park River, 6. 6 00 

Ohio. — Athens— McConnellsville, 2. Cincinnati— Cincin- 
nati Walnut Hills, 50.82 ; Venice, 3. Cleveland— Cleveland 
Calvary. 66; East Cleveland, 8.11. Dayton— (ireenville, 13. 
Lima — Enon Valley, 3 ; Van Buren, 3. Mahoning — North 
Jackson, 1 ; Warren, 9.90. Marion— Mount Gilead, 5.89. St. 
Clairsville—'New Castle, 1. Sleubenville— Oak Ridge, 2. 

168 72 

Oregon. — East Oregon — Union, 1.02. Port/and — Smith 
Memorial, 1. Willamette— Gervais, 1. 3 02 

Pennsylvania.— Allegheny— Allegheny McClure Avenue, 
11.80; Cross Roads, 5; Haysville (sab.-sch., 1.27), 2.27; 
Pine Creek 1st, 3.15 ; Rochester, 5. Blairsville— Ebensburg, 
9 ; Ligonier, 2 ; Turtle Creek, 5. Butler— Mars, 1 ; Summit, 
2.20 ; Zelienople Harmony, 3.90. Carlisle — Dickinson, 1.50 ; 
Lebanon Fourth Street, 2. Chester— Bryn Mawr, 59.90 ; Dil- 
worthtown, 2; New London, 6. Erie — Franklin, 2771. 
Huntingdon— Last Kishacoquillas, 5; Huntingdon, 20.01; 
Mount Union, 15.40. Kit/anning— Glen Campbell, 1 ; Glade 
Run, 7; Nebo, 2; Rural Valley, 11. Lackawanna— Plains, 
2 • Wyoming, 3. Lehigh— Lansford, 2. Philadelphia— Phila- 
delphia 10th, 213.55 ; — North Tenth Street, 42.37 ; — South 
Broad St., 1.52. Philadelphia North — Pottstown, 9.98. 
Pittsburgh — Homestead (sab.-sch., 1), 11; Pittsburgh 3d, 
550 ; —6th, 25.07 ; — Forty-third Street, 9 ; — East Liberty, 
19.42 ; — Grace Memorial, 1 ; — Shady Side, 21.50. Shenango 
—Centre, 3; Clarksville, 2; Mount Pleasant, 3, Wash- 
ington— Allen Grove, 5.50 : East Buffalo, 12.36 ; Hooks- 
town, 5 ; West Union, 1 ; Wheeling 3d, 4.36. 1,158 47 
South Dakota.— Aberdeen— Langford, 2. Black Hills— 
Cartnel, 1; Deadwood, 4; Lead 1st, 3; Vale, 1. Central 
Dakota— Colman, 1.35; Pierre, 20. Dakota— Ascension, 2; 
Buffalo Lake, 1 ; Hill, 1 ; Porcupine, 1 ; White River, 1 ; 
Yankton Agency, 20.91. 59 26 



90 



COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES — CHURCH ERECTION. 



[July, 



Tennessee. — llolston— St. Marks, 1. 1 00 

Ytau.— Boise— Boise City 1st, 6.60. 6 60 

Washington.— Walla Walla— North Fork, 2.20. 2 20 

Wisconsin.— Madison— Br odhead, 3. Milwaukee— Ottawa, 
81 cts. 3 81 



Total received from churches and sab.-schs $2.267 47 

PERSONALS. 

'A Member," Beechwood, Pa., ch., 34 cts.; A. E. 
Porter, 1, F. G. Rost, 3, J. E. Merenass, (Hid- 
den, la., 5; Rev. W. B. Greenshield, Burt, la., 
10: J. E. Durkie, Sioux Rapids, la., 10; "A 
minister's tithe," O., 1 ; "A minister's tithe," 
N. D., 1 ; "A minister's tithe," Pennsylvania, 
1 ; W. H. Kelso, Inglewood, Cal., 50; Miss 
Sadie Boyer, Charlestown, Ind., 20 cts.; Rev. A. 
J. Montgomery, Oregon City, Ore., 2 ; L. D. 
Rutan, Pomona, Cal., 50 ; Miss Elizabeth Skin- 
ner, 50, Miss Frederika Skinner, 50, T. G. 
Dickinson, Chicago, 25 ; J. M. Barkley, Detroit, 
Mich., 5; W. K. Spencer, Adrian, Mich., 5; 



Charles Daniels, Port Hope, Mich., 1 ; Rev. Wil- 
liam D. Cole, Dickerville, Mich., 5; Mrs. 
Morrison, Flint, Mich., 10; T. W. Monteith, 
Martin, Mich., 11.75; A. W. Wright. Alma, 
Mich., 300; Princeton Seminary Religious 
Contribution Soc, 18.86; Henry J. Willing, 
Chicago, 100; Thomas Schreiber, Pierre, S. 
D.,50; H. A. DuBois, Cobden, 111., 50; David 
B. Jones, 50, John B. Lord, Chicago, 100 ; L. H. 
Blakemore, Cincinnati, 5 ; T. E. Wells, 50, Rev. 
N. B. Barr, Chicago, 5 ; Miss Annie M. Bissell, 
Pittsburgh, 200 ; Samuel Baker, Chicago, 25 ; B. 
O. R., 5; Mary J. Derr, 10, W. B. Jacobs, 
Chicago,10 «1,276 15 

Total receipts May, 1898 $3,543 62 

Previously acknowledged 2,432 70 

Total receipts since April 16, 1898 $5,976 32 

E. C. Ray, Secretary and Treasurer, 
30 Montauk Block, Chicago, 111. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF CHURCH ERECTION, MAY, 1898. 

ff In accordance with terms of mortgage. 



Atlantic— Atlantic— Berean, 2.95. McClelland— Mount 
Zion, 1. 3 95 

Baltimore. — Baltimore— Baltimore Central, 17.53. New 
Castle— Drawyer's, 1 ; Wilmington West, 8. 26 53 

California.— Benicia- Eureka, 3 ; Ukiah, 1. Los Ange- 
les, Pomona, 6. Oakland— Livermore, 2.50. San Francisco 
—San Francisco Howard, 7. 19 50 

Catawba. — Cape Fear— Ebenezer sab.-sch., 1 ; Maxton 
2d, 1 ; Rowland 1st, 1 ; Haymount, 2. Yadkin— Antioch, 1 ; 
Cool Spring, 1 ; St. Paul's, 1. 8 00 

Colorado. -Denver— Denver North, 7. Pueblo— Pueblo, 
Fountain (sab.-sch., 160), 315. 10 15 

Illinois.— Cairo— Flora, 3.43. Chicago — Chicago 60th 
Street, 143 ; — Belden Avenue, 7.14; — Brookline Park, 4 ; 
ff Elwood, 50. Freeport— Prairie Dell Missions Fest, 15; Sa- 
vanna, 2.35. Peoria — Elmwood, 2.70 ; Farmington, 4.35 ; 
Oneida, 12. Pock Rirer — Alexis, 9.65. Schuyler — Mon- 
mouth, 12.97. Springfield— -Irish Grove, 2.02 ; Sweet Water, 
1.01. 128 05 

Indiana.— Cra wfordsville— ^\lslonteznn\a, 50. New Albany 
—New Albany 2d, 15.05. Vincennes— Evansville Walnut 
Street, 24.27. 89 32 

Indian Territory.— Choctaw— Philadelphia, 1.60. 1 60 

Iowa.— Council Bluffs — Avoca, 4 Fort Podge — Spirit 
Lake, 3.85. Ioiva— Burlington 1st, 2.40; Mt. Pleasant 1st, 
11.04. pjwa City— Oxford, 3 ; Union, 4. Sioux City — Craw- 
ford Westminster, 56 cts.; Ellicott Creek, 75 cts. 29 60 

Kansas. — Lamed — Hutchinson, 12.72. Neosho — La 
Cygne, 3. Solomon- Concordia, 10.66. Topeka- Oakland, 5. 

31 38 

Kentucky. — Ebenezer — Sharpsburg, 3. Louisville — 
Owensburg 1st, 25. Transylvania— Harrodsburg 1st, 5. 33 00 

Michigan. — Detroit — Detroit Calvary, 5. Flint — Flynn, 
3. Ki ilnmazoo— Martin, 2. Lake Superior— Marquette, 19.58. 
Ljansiitg— Battle Creek, 7 ; Delhi, 4. Monroe— ft Reading, 
6.76. Petoskey— Harbor Springs, 8. Saginaw— Ithaca, 8.82. 

64 16 

Minnesota. — Minneapolis — Minneapolis Shiloh, 4.56. St. 
Cloud— Spicer 1st, 2. St. Paul— bt. Croix Falls, 1.50; St. 
Paul Central, 9.02. 17 08 

Nebraska.— Hastings — Ruskin, 1. Kearney— ^\ Broken 
Bow, 50. Nebraska City— Beatrice 2d, 2 ; Table Rock, 4. 
Niobrara— ft Madison, 105. 162 00 

New Jersey.— Elizabeth — Plainfield Crescent Avenue, 
225. Monmou/h— Beverly Jr. C. E., 1 ; Cream Ridge, 3.68. 
Morris and Orange— Parsippany, 5.10. Newark — Montclair 
1st, 25.53 ; Newark Park, 7.03. Newton— Blairstown (sab.- 
sch., 8.28), 60. West Jersey— Jericho, 25 cts.; Wenonah, 
18.50. 346 09 

New Mexico.— Santa Fe— Los Vegas 1st, 9.79. 9 79 

New York.— Albany— Albany 3d. 26.23 ; Galway, 3. Bos- 
ton— Lowell, 10. Brooklyn —Brooklyn 1st, 86.33 ; Throop 
Avenue, 35. I'ayuga— Port Bryon, 4. < 'hamplain— Chazy, 
7.13. Gent va — Bellon a, 7; Geneva 1st, 15.47; Romulus, 
18.54 ; Seneca, 17. Hinlson — Hopewell, 3. Long Island— 
Middletown, 3.82; Setauket, 10. New York— New York 
Madison Square, 50 ; — Rutgers Riverside, 163.68 ; — West- 
minster West 23d Street sab.-sch., 10. St. Lawrence— Chau- 
mont, 2. Syracuse— Amboy, 3.33. Troy— Troy 3d, 3. West- 
ell ester— Bridgeport 1st, 24.38. 502 91 

North Dakota.— 7Wr<70— Grandin, 5.55. Minnewaukon 
—ft Devil's Lake Westminster, 100. 105 55 



Ohio. — Athens— McConnellsville, 2. Bellefonlaine—BeUe- 
fontaine, 2.82. Cleveland— Cleveland 1st sab.-sch. 12.31. Co- 
lumbus—Lancaster, 7.. Mahoning— Clarkson, 5; Rogers' 
Westminster , 3. Maumee— Haskins, 1.37; Water ville, 1.65. 
St. Clair&v Me— Dernas, 2. Sleubenvi/le— Island Creek (sab.- 
sch., 1.10), 9.10 ; Richmond, incl. sab.-sch., 4.40. Zanesville 
—Unity, 3.78. 54 43 

Oregon. — East Oregon— Union, 49 cts. Portland— Port- 
land 1st, 87.43. Willamette — Independence Calvary, 2.50. 

90 42 

Pennsylvania. — Allegheny — Alegheny McClure Avenue, 
35.40 ; Cross Roads, 2.50. Blairsville— Fairfield, 8.33. Bid- 
/er— Mars, 1 ; Millbrook, 1 ; Scrub Grass, 10; Ca r lisle— Leb- 
anon 4th Street, 2. Clarion— Beech Woods (a member, 34c), 
22.25; Clarion, 18.32. Erie— Garland, 1.80. Huntingdon— 
Fruit Hill, 2; — Berwindale, 1.50. Kittaning— Indiana, 28.50; 
Tunnelton, 3. Lackawanna — Bennett,3; Franklin, 2.18; Wyo- 
ming, 4. Northumberland — Buffalo, 2; Jersey Shore,34. Phila- 
delphia— Philadelphia Emmanuel (sab.-sch., 8 ), 17 ; — Gas- 
ton, 39.29 ; — Grace, 5; —Hope, 5; —Mariner's, 4. Philadel- 
phia North— Ann Carmichael, 1; Jenkintown Grace, 6.12; 
Macalester Memorial, 2.70. Pittsburgh — Bethel, 21.44; 
Homestead sab.-sch., 1 ; Pittsburgh 1st, 181.11 ; — East Lib- 
erty, 19.42 ; — Grace Memorial, 1 ; — Shady Side, 49.50 ; — 
Tabernacle, 26. Redstone — Industry, 3. Shenango—Ijees- 
burg, 5. 1 Ve/lsboro— Port Allegheny, 1.20. Westminster- 
Chestnut Level, 4. 575 56 

South Dakota. — Central Dakota— Rrookings, 6. Dakota- 
Ascension, 1 ; Buffalo Lake, 1 ; Crow Creek, 1 ; Heyata,1.50; 
Hill, 1 ; Lake Traverse, 50 cts.; Mountain Head, 3; Paju- 
tazee, 1 ; Raven Hill, 1 ; White Clay, 1 ; White River, 1 ; 
Wood Lake, 1 ; Yankton Agency, 3. 23 00 

Tennessee.— Z7»/o/*— Unitia, 2. 2 00 

Texas.— North Texas— Gainesville, 10. 10 00 

Washington.— Olympia — Cosmopolis, 1.75 ; Montesano, 
75 cts. Paget Sound — Benton, 2. Sj>okane— Northport, 3. 

7 50 

Wisconsin.— Milwaukee— Milwaukee Calvary, 20.03. 20 03 

Contributions from churches and Sabbath-schools. $2,371 60 
other contributions. 

B. O. R, Danville, Pa., 5; C. Penna., 4; "Cash, 
Chicago," 50; Miss Mary W. Prentiss, N. Y., 
1 ; Mrs. H. C. Baird-Huey, 5 ; Rev. A. Virtue, 
Lee, W. Va., 1 ; Religious Contribution Society 
of Princeton Theological Seminary, 25.14 91 14 



$2,462 74 



MISCELLANEOUS. 

Premiums of insurance, 375 ; interest on invest- 
ments, 825 ; total losses, 150 ; sales of church 
property, 325 ; plans, 5 ; legacies, 2,111.12 ; legal 
expenses, 5; Fort Worth, Tex., on account of 
Stuart Fund advance, 14.40 3,810 52 



PAYMENTS ON CHURCH MORTGAGES. 

Orangeburg, S.C., Grace, 308 



308 00 



1898.] 



CHURCH ERECTION — MINISTERIAL RELIEF. 



91 



SPECIAL DONATIONS. 

New York.— Boston — Londonderry, 2 75. Utica 
—Lyons Falls Forest, 9.79. New Jersey. — 
Newark— Newark, 10.., 22 54 

86,603 80 

Church collections and other contributions, April 
11-May 31, 1898 $5,946 35 

Church collections and other contributions, April 
11-May 31, 1897 5,000 23 

LOAN FUND. 

Iuterest $386 20 

Payments on mortgages 919 70 

$1,305 90 



MANSE FUND. 

Installments on loans $944 69 

Interest 49 13 

Premiums of insurance . . 5 16 



$998 98 



If acknowledgement of any remittance is not found in 
these reports, or if they are inaccurate in any item, prompt 
advice should be sent to the Secretary of the Board, giving 
the number of the receipt held or, in the absence of a receipt, 
the dale, amount and form of remittance. 

Adam Campbell, Treasurer, 

156 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 



RECEIPTS FOR BOARD OF MINISTERIAL RELIEF, MAY, 1898. 



Atlantic— McClelland— Mt. Zion, 1. 1 00 

Baltimore.— New Castle— Manokin, 5. 5 00 

California.— Benicia— Eureka, 5 ; Valley Ford, 5. Los 
Angeles— Colton, 6.55; Monrovia, 1.82; Rivera, 4.50; San 
Diego 1st, 29. Oakland— Livermore, 2.50. San Francisco— 
San Francisco Howard, 4. 58 37 

Catawba. — Cape Fear— Ebenezer sab.-sch., 1. Catawba— 
Charlotte 7th Street, 1. Southern Virginia— -Holmes Memo- 
rial, 1. 3 00 

Colorado.— Pueblo— Ign&cio Immanuel, 1.80 ; Trinidad 
1st, 8 ; Walsenburgh Spanish, 51 cts. 10 31 

Illinois.— Alton— lliWsboro, 10. Chicago — Chicago 60th 
Street, 1.63; —Hyde Park, 5. Freeport— Prairie Dell Ger- 
man, 10. Peoria —Eureka, 10 ; Galesburg, 11 ; Peoria 2d, 5. 
Schuyler— Macomb, 40 ; Monmouth, 12 96. 105 59 

Indiana.— Crawfordsville— Spring Grove, 27. Logansport 
— Logansport Broadway, 5. Vincennes — Terra Haute Wash- 
ington Avenue, 5. 37 00 

Iowa.— Cedar Rapids— Yinton, 22. Corning— Yorktown, 
5. Iowa— BurliDgton 1st, 2.40. Sioux City— Ellicott Creek, 
75 cts. 30 15 

Kansas.— Neosho— Paola, 5. Topeka— Junction City 1st, 
2.35. 7 35 

Kentucky.— Transylvania— Karroisburg Assembly, 5. 

5 00 

Michigan. — Detroit— Ann Harbor 1st, 30 ; Detroit Menio- 
ial, 15. Flint— Mundy, 3.50. Kalamazoo — Sturgis, 3.10. 
Lansing— Battle Creek 1st, 20. Petoskey— Harbor Springs, 8. 

79 60 

Minnesota.— ,S7. Paul— St. Paul Central, 9.02. Winona— 
Winona 1st, 6. 15 02 

Missouri.— Palmyra— Sullivan 1st, 1. St. Louis— St. Louis 
Clifton Heights, 3. 4 00 

Montana.— Helena— Manhattan 1st Holland, 2.50 ; Miles 
City 1st, 18. 20 50 

Nebraska.— Nebraska Ciiy— Adams, 7.69 ; Beatrice 2d, 1 ; 
Table Rock, 8. Omaha— Omaha Clifton Hill. 5.48. 22 17 

New Jersey.— Elizabeth— Elizabeth 2d, 87. Jersey City 
— Englewood, 170 32. Monmouth— Freehold 1st, 16.92. Mor- 
ris and Orange— Whippany, 1. Newark— Bloomfield West- 
minster, 152.15 ; Lyon's Farms 1st, 18.30 ; Montclair 1st, 
27.80; Newark Park, 10 55. New Brunswick— Frenchtown, 
10.25. Newton— Phillipsburgh 1st, 6. West Jersey — Ham- 
monton, 3.55. 503 84 

New York.— Albany— Ballston Spa 1st, 6.67 ; Corinth, 50 
cts.; Galway, 3. Boston— Lowell 1st, 5. Brooklyn— West 
New Brighton Calvary, 14.56. Butf'ttlo— Ripley, 3. Long 
Island — Bridgehampton, 25.91. New York— New York 4th 
Avenue, 2 ; — Harlem, 99.26 ; — Madison Square add'l, 25 ; 
— Scotch, 28.94; —Spring Street, 50 ; — West, 157.31. North 
Hirer— Newburgh 1st, 38. Rochester — Pittsford, 5. St. Law- 
n tnee— Chaumont, 3. Steuben— Corning 1st, 30. Syracuse — 
Canastota 1st, 8.16. Troy— Hoosick Falls 1st, 10.76 ; Troy 
2d, 87.66. Utica— Norwich Corners, 1. 604 73 

North Dakota.— Pembina— Park River, 7.50. 7.50 

Ohio.— Athens— Deerfield, 2; McConnellsville, 3 ; Pleas- 
ant Grove, 1. Bellefontaine — Bellefontaine 1st, 2.82. Cin- 
cinnati— Bond Hill. 5 .47 ; Pleasant Run, 1. Cleveland— Cleve- 
land 1st sab.-sch., 12.31. Dayton— Dayton 1st, 61.47; New 
Paris, 5.69. Lima— Ottawa, 76 cts. St. Clairsville— Demos, 
2 ; New Castle, 1 ; Senecaville, 1 ; West Brooklyn, 2. Steu- 
benville— Richmond and sab.-sch., 3.52. Wooster — Lexing- 
ton, 2.10. Zanesville— Oakfield, 1. 108 14 
Oregon.— East Oregon— Union, 49 cts. 49 
Pennsylvania.— v4/^/iera//—Alegheny McClure Avenue, 
35.40; Cross Roads, 3. Blairsville— Parnassus, 20.80; Tur- 
tle Creek, 13. Butler— Mars, 1 ; Millbrook, 1 ; North Liberty, 
3. Carlisle — Carlisle 1st, 33; Harrisburg Elder Street, 3; 
Middle Spring, 20. Chester — Charlestown, 2.77. Erie— 



Belle Valley, 4 ; Garland, 1.80 ; Jamestown 1st, 3.05 ; Mead- 
ville Central, 10.10. Lackawanna— Duryea 1st, 4.54 ; Wilkes 
Barre Westminster, 12 ; Wyoming sab.-sch., 5. Philadel- 
phia — Philadelphia Atonement, 7.75; — Berean, 2 ; — Grace, 
5 : — WestHope, 24.30. Philadelphia North — Ann Carmi- 
ch'ael, 2; Holmesburg 1st, 15; Norristown 1st, 95.16. Pitts- 
burgh — Homestead sab.-sch., 1; Hookstown, 3.09; Pitts- 
burgh Grace Memorial, 1; — Lawrenceville, 18.47; — Shady 
Side, 49.50. Redstone— Spring Hill Furnace, 1. Washington 
—East Buffalo, 13.35. Wellsboro — Port Allegheny, 1.20. 
Westminster— Chestnut Level, 10. 426 28 

South Dakota.— Dakota— Ascension, 2 ; Buffalo Lake, 1 ; 
Hill, 1 ; Long Hollow, 1 ; Mountain Head, 1.50 ; White 
River, 1 ; Yankton Agency, 3. 10 50 

Tennessee. — Holston— Greenville, 5. 5 00 

Utah.— Boise— Boise City 1st, 11.20 11 20 

Washington.— Olympia — Cosmopolis, 1.30; Montesano, 
1. Puget Sound— Bellingham Bay 1st, 4. 6 30 

Wisconsin. — La Crosse— Sechlerville, 4.15. Milwaukee— 
Milwaukee Perseverance, 21 cts. Winnebago— Appleton Me- 
morial, 15. 19 36 

Total receipts from churches and sabbath-schools. $2,107 40 

INDIVIDUALS. 

" B. O. R.," 5 ; C. M. Hornet, 1 ; Mrs. R. C. Flem- 
ing, Ayr, Neb., 5 ; J. W. Sanders, Schenectady, 
N. Y., 5; H. D. Crane, Newark, N. J., 20; 
Princeton Theological Seminary Benevolent So- 
ciety, 31.57 : "A Friend." Neb., 1 ; "K.,Pa.," 
100 ; Rev. Win. H. Babbitt, Cleveland, O., 15 ; 
Rev. Wm. P. Koutz, Cutler, Ind., 5 ; Mrs. R. T. 
Armstrong, Canton, Mo. ,5; Mrs. Elijah Wil- 
son, York, Pa , 25 ; Rev. W. M. Reed, Schell 
City, Mo., 1; Rev. Richard Arthur, Logan, 
Kans., 2; Rev. Albert B. King, N. Y., 10; 
"Gaines, N.Y.," 20: F. E. Fairly, Fayetteville, 
N.C., 1 ; " China," 20 ; Mrs. Nellie F. Donald- 
son, Atlanta, Ga.,2; Mrs. R. W. Allen, lone, 
Calif, 3 ; Teachers and Pupils of Barber Memo- 
rial Seminary, 12.95; Amos Denton, Jamaica, 
N. Y., 5 ; Religious Contribution Society of 
Princeton Theological Seminary, 28.29 ; " H. L. 
J.," 10 ; " Friend, Cleveland, O.," 55 ; " E.," 1 ; 
"C. Penna.," 6; "Inasmuch," 5; Rev. H. T. 
Schall, East Corning, N.Y., 1.75; G. Blank, Na- 
poleon, Mo., 5; Mrs. J. S. Reasoner, Walter- 
ville, Ore., 5 412 56 

Interest from investments 3,624 95 

" " R. Sherman Fund 45 00 

$6,189 91 
Unrestricted legacies, Shepherd Estate, Detroit 300 00 

$6,489 91 
PERMANENT FUND. 

Donation Fourth Avenue Church, N.Y. City 72 25 

Total receipts in May, 1898 ^^$6^562 16 

Total for current fund, exclusive of unrestricted 

legacies, since April, 1898 $14,045 53 

Total for current fund, exclusive of unrestricted 
legacies same period last year 11 ,191 35 

W. W. Heberton, Treasurer, 
507 Witherspoon Building, Philadelphia 



92 



FREEDMEN. 



[July, 1898. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF FREEDMEN, APRIL, 1898. 



Atlantic —Atlantic— Hopewell. 1.25; Aitnwell, 1. Knox 
— Ebenezer 1st. 5; Ezra, 1.50. McClelland— Mt. Pisgah, 1 ; 
Oak Grove, 2.50. 

Baltimore. — New Castle — FarmiDgt on, 2 ; Red Clay 
Creek, 5. Washington City— Manassas, 2 ; Washington City 
1st, 6 ; — Gurley Memorial, 5.20. 

California.— Benicia — Lakeport. 3.50; Vallejo (sab.- 
seh., 3), 8 ; Point Breeze, 2. Los Angeles— Glendale, 1 ; Los 
Angeles Central. 5.90 ; Monrovia, 1.81. 

Catawba.— Cape Frar— Rowland 1st, 1 ; Maxton 2d, 1; 
Raleigh Davie Street, 2. Catawba— Murkland, 1 ; Charlotte 
7th Street, 5. Southern Virginia — Big Oak, 1. Yadkin— 
Jonesboro, 1 ; Nazareth, 1 ; Southern Pines, 1 ; Durham 
Pine Street, 1 ; Sanford, 2. 

Colorado.— Boulder— Fort Collins 1st, 6 ; Fossil Creek, 3; 
La Salle (L. M. Soc, 2.50), 5; New Castle, 1. Pueblo— Colo- 
rado Springs 2d, 2. 

Illinois.— B/oomington— Elm Grove, 1 : Farmer City sab.- 
sch., 1 ; Wenona, 5. Cairo— Du Quoin 1st, 6.06. Chicago- 
Chicago 60th Street, 2.10 ; — Brookline Park, 5 ; — Onward, 
1.11; —South Side Tabernacle C. E., 5. Mattoon— Neoga, 
6.50. Peoria — Altona, 3; Canton, 3.10; Peoria 1st, 6.16. 
Srhituler— Plvmouth, 2 50. Springfield — Decatur 1st, 10; 
Mason City, 4.03 ; Petersburg 1st, 4.87. 

Indiana. — Indianapolis— Greenfield, 2 ; Indianapolis 12th, 
2 ; Norwood, 2. Logansport — Monticello, 33.46 ; Reming- 
ton, 3. Muncie— Anderson 1st, 3. White irate;— Greens- 
burg, 28.38. 
Indian Territory.— Sequoyah— Kujaka, 14. 
Iowa.— Cedar Papids — Springville, 2 50. Pes Moines— . 
Centreville 1st, 3.69; Grand River, 2.25; Indianola, 10; 
Medora, 1.75. Pubuque— Bethel, 2. Iowa— Burlington 1st, 
2 40; Martinsburg, 17.34; New London, 1. Iowa City — 
Washington, 2.49. Sioux City— Early, 1 ; Lyon Co. German, 
3.56; Woodbury Co. Westminster, 1. Waterloo — Holland 
German, 4. 

Kansas.— Emporia— Emporia 1st, 8. Neosho— Galena 1st, 
1. Topeka— Topeka 2d, 4. 

Kentucky.— Louur>7/e— Hopkinsville 1st, 2. Transylva- 
nia — Concord, 4 ; Harrodsburg Assembly, 5. 

Michigan.— Petroit — Detroit Calvary, 5 ; —Forest Ave- 
nue, 1.14; —Memorial, 12.50. Grand Rapids— Grand Rap- 
ids 3d, 1. Saginaw— Alma sab.-sch., 2.09. 

Minnesota.— Puluth—Duluth. Glen Avon, 5.08; Samaria 
Swedish, 50 cts. Bed River— Red Lake Falls, 1. St. Cloud— 
Spicer 1st, 1 ; St. Cloud 1st, 2.02. St. Pan!— Macalester, 4; 
Red Wing, 11.06 ; St. Croix Falls 1st, 2.88. Winona— Cale- 
donia, 1 ; Chatfield, 5.17. 

Missouri.— Kansas City— Knob Noster sab.-sch., 1. Ozark 
—Ash Grove sab.-sch., 1. Platte— Oak Grove, 1. St. Louis— 
St. Louis 1st sab.-sch., 6.76 ;— Leonard Avenue sab.-sch., 
8.20. 

Nebraska. — Nebraska City — Palmyra sab.-sch., 6.20. 
Niobrara— Millerboro, 1. Omaha— Fremont 1st sab.-sch., . 
7.31 ; Blackbird Hills, 3.40 ; Wahoo, 25 cts. 

New Jersey.— .EV^&etfi— Clarksville, 1. Jersey City— 
Tenatly. 6.62 : West Hoboken 1st, 4. Monmouth— Beverly 
Jr. C. E, 1 : Bordentown, 3.20 ; Cranbury 2d, 4 ; Perrine- 
ville, 1. Morris and Orange— Chester, 2 ; Succasunna, 5. 
Newton — Washington 1st Mansfield, 10. West Jersey — 
Glassboro, 1 ; Jericho, 1 ; Williamstown sab.-sch., 4. 

New Mexico.— Rio Grande— Los Lentas, 15 cts.; Pajarito, 
15 cts. 

New York.— Albany— Johnstown, 20 : Mayfield Central, 
1; Saratoga Springs 1st, 7.74 ; —2d, 7.10; Voorheesville, 1. 
Brooklyn— Brooklyn Arlington Avenue, 20; — Noble Street, 
14.27 ; — Ross Street, 17.50. Chemung— Big Flats, 5 ; Elmira 
Lake Street, 31. Columbia— Yalatie, 2. Geneva— Penn Yan 
1st, 14.70. Long Island— Moriches, 6.68. Lyons— Wolcott 
1st, 9.97. Nassau— Smithtown (sab.-sch., 3.89), 15.38. New 
Fori— New York St James, 8.25. North River— Canter- 
bury, 4. Otsego— Hobart, 15.55. Rochester— Chili, 5; Ro- 
chester Memorial sab.-sch., 45. Syracuse — Skaneateles, 4.29 ; 
Svracuse 1st, 27.32. Troy— Malta, 2. Utica— Utica Memo- 
rial, 10; Waterville, 3.14. 11 'estchester — Poundridge, 3; 
Rye, 24.80. 



Ohio.— Athens— Athens 1st sab.-sch., 5; Cross Roads, 1 ; 
McConnellsville, 2 ; Pleasant Grove, 1. Chil/icothe — Chilli- 
cothe 1st, 45 : — 3d, 1. Cincinnati— Bond Hill, 4.15. Cle>r- 
land— Cleveland Calvary, 47 ; —North sab.-sch., 2.62. Co- 
lumbus — Scioto, 1. Payton— Eaton 1st, 1. Lima— Findlay 
2d, 2 ; Ottawa, 76 cts. Mahoning —Warren 1st, 9.90. Mau- 
mee— Bradner, 1. Portsmouth— Jackson, 5. St. Clairsville— 
Coal Brook, 4.10 ; Morristown, 3; New Castle, 1 ; Powhatan, 

1 : West Brooklyn, 1. Wooster— Jackson. 3.21 ; West Salem, 
1. Zanesville— Chandlersville, 2.63. 

Oregon.— East Oregon— Union, 1.02. Willamette— Eugene 
1st, 2 ; Gervais, 1. 

Pennsylvania.— Allegheny— Shar^hurg sab.-sch., 22.70. 
Blairsville— Brad dock 2d, 7; Ebensburg 1st, 10; Ligonier,3. 
Butler— Butler 2d, 10 ; Fairview, 6.30 ; Petrolia, 8.87. Car- 
lisle—Carlisle 1st Y.P.S., 5. Chester— Clifton Heights 1st, 18 ; 
New London, 5 ; Wavne W.M. Soc, 12 ; West Chester. West- 
minster (sab.-sch., 4".50 ; Y. P. S., 50 cts.), 25. Clarion— 
Beech Woods, 34 cts. Erie— Cambridge, 6; Erie Central, 
24.03. Hunt 'ingdon— East Kishacoquillas, 10 ; Port Royal, 7. 
Kittanning— Middle Creek, 3 ; Midway, 1 ; Nebo, 3 ; Glen 
Campbell, 1. Lackawan na— Mt. Pleasant, 1; Plains, 4; Union- 
dale, 1; Wilkes Barre Memorial, 56 95. Lehigh— Sandy Run, 

2 ; South Easton 1st, 5 ; Upper Lehigh, 7 ; Lansford 1st, 2. 
Northumberland— Bloomsburgh 1st, 15.65 ; Shamokin 1st, 
5.54. Philadelphia — Philadelphia Calvary, 293.88 ; — Co- 
rinthian Avenue, 3; —Oxford, 74; — Susquehanna Ave- 
nue, 5 ; — Tabernacle (sab.-sch., 40.30), 216.90 ; — Trinity, 
10. Philadelphia North— Bristol, 18.18; Carmel, 2; Over- 
brook, 100.06. Pittsburgh— Pittsburgh 6th sab.-sch., 10 ; — 
East Liberty, 62.14 ; — Grace Memorial, 7 ; —Shady Side, 
53.75. Redstone— Tent, 45 cts.; Uniontown Central, 4.15. 
Shenango— Centre sab.-sch., 5; Clarksville sab.-sch., 9.14; 
West Middlesex, 3. Washington — McMechan, 25 cts.; 
Moundsville, 1 ; Washington 1st, 46.20. 

South Dakota.— Black Hills— Hay Creek, 1. Southern 
Pakota — Scotland, 1. 

Tennessee.— Holston— Greenville, 5 ; Mt. Olivet, 2 ; St. 
Marks, 1. Kingston— Milner Memorial, 1 ; New Decatur 
Westminster, 2. 

Washington.— Spokane— Spokane 1st, 4. Walla Walla— 
North Folk Indian, 2. 

Wisconsin. — Chippewa — Rice Lake, 2. Madison— Brod- 
head, 4 ; Janesville, 18.16 ; Marion, 2. Milwaukee— Milwau- 
kee Calvary sab.-sch., 25; —Perseverance, 99 cts.; Ottawa 
1st, 82 cts. 

Receipts from churches during April, 1898 82219 12 

M ISCELL ANEOUS. 

J. P. Congdon, W T illiamstown, Mass., 5; "Frank 
Britt Scholarship," per Geo. W. Riddle. Poco- 
moke, Md., 75 ; John G. Adams, Clifton Springs, 
N.Y., 5 ; Mrs. Jane Ray, Hamden Junction, O., 
2 ; Mrs. Jasper A. Smith, New Cumberland, W. 
Ya, 10 : Lebanon Church. Ridgeway, S.C., pay- 
ment on loan, 2 ; Rev. A. Yirtue, Lee, W. Ya., 2 ; 
Miss Mary Rae Little, Hokendauqua, Pa, 54 
cts.; "Cash." Fort Monroe, Ya., 10; Rev. S. K. 
Scott, New Paris, 0.,5; Mrs. A. E. Dudley, Ma- 
rion, Kans., 10; "K, Penna ," 100; estate of 
Dr. Cyrus Falconer, Hamilton, ()., 960 ; B.O.R., 
Danville, Pa., 5; Miss M. I. Allen, Troy, N.Y., 
1 ; Jas. W. Smith, Doniphan, Neb., 10; C. M. 
Hornet, 1 ; J. H. Freeman, 10 ; "A minister's 
tithe,'' Athens, 2.79; "A minister's tithe," 
Fargo, 2.79; "A minister's tithe," Parkers- 
burl, 2.79. . • S1 2 219 i 

Woman's Board /65 d9 

Total receipts during April, 1898 $4206 62 

<< " " ■' 1897 38/9 o4 

John J. Beacom, Treas., 
516 Market St., Pittsburgh, Pa. 



Office^ and Ageqcieg of the general A^emblj. 



CLERKS; 



Stated Clerk and Treasurer— Rev. William H. Roberts, D.D., 
LL.I). All correspondence on the general business of 
the Assembly should be addressed to the Stated Clerk, 
No. 1319 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Permanent Clerk— Rev. William £. Moore, D.D., LL.D., 
Columbus, Ohio. 



TRUSTEES. 



President— George Junkin, Esq., LL.D. 
Treasurer— Frank K. Hippie, 1340 Chestnut Street. 
Recording Secretary— Jacob Wilson. 

Office— Witherspoon Building, No. 1319 Walnut Street 
Philadelphia, Pa. 



BOARDS, 



I. Home Missions, Sustentation. 



Address all mail, Box 156 



Secretary— Rev. Charles L. Thompson, D.D. 

Treasurer — Mr. Harvey C. Olin. 

Superintendent of Schools— Rev. Georee F. McAfee. 

Secretary of Young People's Department— -Miss M. Katharine Jones. 

Office— Presbyterian Building, No. 156 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 
Madison Square Branch. 

Letters relating to missionary appointments and other operations of the Board, and applications for aid 
from churches, should be addressed to the Secretary. 

Letters relating to the financial affairs of the Board, or those containing remittances of money, should be 
addresspd to the Treasurer. 

Applications of teachers and letters relating to the School Department should be addressed to the Superin- 
tendent of Schools. 

Correspondence of Young People's Societies and matters relating thereto should be addressed to the Secre- 
tary of the Young People's Department. 

a. Foreign Missions. 

Corresponding Secretaries— Rev. Frank F. Ellinwood, D.D., LL.D. ; Rev. John Gillespie, D.D. ; Mr. Robert E. Speer 

and Rev. Arthur J. Brown, D.D. 
Treasurer— Charles W. Hand. 
Secretary Emeritus— Rev . John C. Lowrie, D.D. 
Field Secretary— Rev. Thomas Marshall, D.D., 48 McCormick Block, Chicago, 111. • 

Office— Presbyterian Building, No. 156 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 

Letters relating to the missions or other operations of the Board should be addressed to the Secretaries. 

Letters relating to the pecuniary affairs of the Board, or containing remittance f money, should be sent 
to Charles W. Hand, Treasurer. 

Certificates of honorary membership are given on receipt of $30, and of honorary directorship on receipt 
of $100. 

Persons sending packages for shipment to missionaries should state the ccntents and value. There are no 
specified days for shipping goods. Send packages to the Presbyterian Building as soon as they are ready. Ad- 
dress the Treasurer of the Board of Foreign Missions. 

The postage on letters to all our mission stations, except those in Mexico, is 5 cents for each half ounce or 
fraction thereof. Mexico, 2 cents for each half ounce. 

3. Education. 

Corresponding Secretary— Rev. Edward B. Hodge, D.D. Treasurer— Jacob Wilson. 
Office— Witherspoon Building, No. 1319 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

4. Publication and Sabbath=school Work. 

Secretai-y—Rev. Elijah R. Craven, D.D., LL.D. 

Superintendent of Sabbath-school and Missionary Work— Rev. James A. Worden, D.D. 
Editorial Superintendent— Rev. J. R. Miller, D.D. Business Superintendent— John H. Scribner. 
Manufacturer— Henry F. Scheetz. Treasurer— Rev. C. T. McMullin. 

Office— Witherspoon Building, No. 1319 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Letters relative to the general interests of the Board, also all manuscripts offered for publication and com- 
munications relative thereto, excepting those for Sabbath-school Library books and the periodicals, should be 
addressed to the Rev. E. R. Craven, D.D., Secretary. 

Presbyterial Sabbath-school reports, letters relating to Sabbath-school and Missionary work, to grants of 
the Board's publications, to the appointment of Sabbath-school missionaries, and all communications of mis- 
sionaries, to the Superintendent of Sabbath-school and Missionary Work. 

All manuscripts for Sabbath-school books, the Westminster Teacher and the other periodicals, and all 
letters concerning the same, to the Editorial Superintendent. 

Business correspondence and orders for books and periodicals, except from Sabbath-school missionaries, to 
John H. Scribner, Business Superintendent. 

Remittances of money and contributions, to the Rev. C. T. McMullin, Treasurer. 

5. Church Erection. 

Corresponding Secretary— Rev. Erskine N. White, D.D. Treasurer— Adam Campbell. 
Office— Presbyterian Building, No. 156 FifthAvenue, New York, N. Y. 



6. Ministerial Relief, 

Correspondino Secretary— Rev. Benjamin L. Agnew, D.D. 
Treasurer and Recording Secretary— Rev. William W. Heberton. 

Office— Witherspoon Building, No. 1319 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa, 

7. Freedmen. 

Corresponding Secretary— Rev. Edward P. Cowan, D.D. 
Recording Secretary— Rev. Samuel J. Fisher, D.D. 
Treasurer— Rev. John J. Beacom, D.D. 

Office-516 Market Street, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

8. Aid for Colleges and Academies. 

Secretary— Rev. E. C. Ray, D.D. 
Treasurer— E. C. Ray. 

OFFicE-Room 30, Montauk Block, No. 115 Monroe Street, Chicago, m. 



COMMITTEES, ETC. 

Committee on Systematic Beneficence. 

Chairman— Rev. W. H. Hubbard, Auburn, N. Y. 

Secretary— Kiliaen Van Rensselaer, 56 Wall Street, New York, N. Y. 

Committee on Temperance. 

Chairman— Rev. John J. Beacom, D.D., 516 Market Street, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Corresponding Secretary—Rev. John F. Hill, Pittsburgh, Pa. 
Recording Secretary— George Irwin (P. O. Box 14), Allegheny, Pa. 
Treasurer— Rev. James Allison, D.D., Pittsburgh, Pa, 

Presbyterian Historical Society. 

President— Rev. Henry C. McCook, D.D., Sc.D. 

Librarian— Rev. W. L. Ledwith, D.D., 1531 Tioga Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Corresponding Secretary— Rev. Samuel T. Lowrie, D.D., 1827 Pine Street, Philadelphia, Pa 
Recording Secretary—Rev. James Price, 107 E. Lehigh Avenue, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Treasurer— DeB. K. Ludwig, Ph.D., 3739 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 



Treasurers of Synodical Home Missions and Sustentation. 



New Jersey— Bon. William M. Lanning, Trenton, N. J. 
New York— Mi. A. P. Stevens, National Savings BanK Building, Albany, N. 
Pennsylvania— Frank K. Hippie, 1340 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Baltimore— D. C. Ammidon, 31 South Frederick Street, Baltimore, Md. 



BEQUESTS OR DEVISES. 

In the preparation of Wills care should be taken to insert the Corporate Name, as known and recognized in the 
Courts of Law . Bequests or Devises for the 

General Assembly should be made to " The Trustees of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church In the 
United States of America." 

Board of Home 3Iissions— to " The Board of Home Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of 
America, incorporated April 19, 1872, by Act of the Legislature of the State of New York.' ' 

Board of Foreign Missions— to "The Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the United States 
of America." 

Board of Church Erection— to ,l The Board of the Church Erection Fund of the General Assembly of the Presbyte- 
rian Church in the United States of America, incorporated March 27, 1871, by the Legislature of the State of New York." 

Board of Publication and Sabbath-school Work— to "The Trustees of the Presbyterian Board of Publication 
and Sabbath-school Work." 

Board of Education— to " The Board of Education of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America." 

Board of Relief- -to " The Presbyterian Board of Relief for Disabled Ministers and the Widows and Orphans of 
Deceased Ministers." 

Board of Freedmen— to " The Board of Missions for Freedmen of the Presbyterian Church in the United States 
of America." 

Board of Aid for Colleges— to " The Presbyterian Board of Aid for Colleges and Academies." 

N.B.— Real Estate devised by w\£ §h&uld be, carefully described. 



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ADVERTISEMENTS. 



The History 

. . . OF . . . 

TLB "Old Scots" Clmrcn 

OF FREEHOLD, N. J., 

From the Scotch Immigration of i685 
till the Removal of the Church in the 
days of Rev. William Tennent, Jr. .*. 

. . . by . . . 
HENRY GOODWIN SMITH. 

60 pp. 9x6. 

Eight Full Page Photogravures of "Old Scots" 
Ground, Rev. John Boyd's Tombstone, Ten- 
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Official Records, Etc. 



PUBLISHED BY 



MOREAU BROTHERS, 

FREEHOLD, NEW JERSEY. 

4SF* Sent postpaid to any address on receipt of the price, 
Sixty Cents, by the Publishers. 



How to Become a Trained Nurse, 

By Miss Jane Hodson, Graduate of the New 
York Hospital, is indispensable to every would- 
be nurse. 40 illustrations. $2.00 Circular free. 
William Abbatt, Publisher, 31 Nassau St., 
New York. 



— Miss Cunningham reports that a Sioux In- 
dian, an elder in the native church, who came to 
help nurse his little son who was ill in the Good 
Will school, brought with him, carefully wrapped 
in a bandanna handkerchief, two Bibles — the Da- 
kota and English versions. The English he used for 
reference. He would pore over these books, taking 
notes until late in the night. 



TEACHERS WANTED! 

Over 4000 vacancies— several times as many vacancies as members. Must have more members. Several plans ; 
two plans give free registration ; one plan GUARANTEES positions. 10 cents pays for book, containing plans and a 
$500.00 love story of College Days. No charge to employers for recommending teachers. 



SOUTHERN TEACHERS' BUREAU, ) Rev. Dr. O. M. SUTTON, A.M. (SUTTON TEACHERS' BUREAU, 
S.W. Cor. Main & 3d Sts., Louisville, Ky. J President and Manager, \ 69-71 Dearborn St., Chicago, III. 

Northern Vacancies, Chicago Office. Southern Vacancies, Louisville Office. One Fee Registers in both offices. 



— The people of Kafiristan believe in one su- 
preme god — Imrah, the creator of all things, who 
has seven daughters — and in 180 angels called 
Aritch, who wait in his presence to minister to 
the needs of men. 

They worship idols, religious ceremonies being 
carried on by the chief priest of each village, 
called Awta, and by the " diviners, " who feign | 



madness, believed to be a sign of inspiration. 
They possess a firm faith in the immortality of 
the soul ; sacrifices and dancing form a large 
portion of their religious ceremony. Through the 
long hours of their weekly sabbath, Aggar, they 
dance untiringly, young and old, men and women, 
with songs and swinging of arms until noon of the 
next day. — Regions Beyond. 



THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY'S COMMITTEE, 

Witherspoon Building, Philadelphia, Pa. 
JOHN S. MACINTOSH, D.D., Chairman, 



Charles A. Dickey, D.D., 
Warner Van Norden, Esq., 
Hon. Robert N. Willson, 



John H. Dey, Esq., Secretary, 
Stealy B. Rossiter, D.D., 
Henry T. McEwen, D.D., 
Stephen W. Dana, D.D., 



Charles L. Thompson, D.D. 
Frank F. Ellinwood, D.D., 
William C. Roberts, D.D. 



EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENTS. 



Charles L. Thompson, D.D., 
F. F. Ellinwood, D.D., LL.D , 
Edward B. Hodge, D.D., 
Elijah R. Craven, D.D., LL.D 



Erskine N. White, D.D., 
Benj. L. Agnew, D.D., 
Edward P. Cowan, D.D., 
E. C. Ray, D.D. 



FEach of these Editorial Correspondents is appointed by the Board of which he is a Secretary, and is responsible 
for what is found in the pages representing the work of that Board. See list of Officers and Agencies of the General 
Assembly on the last two pages of each number.] 



Contents. 



Current Events and the Kingdom, . . . 97 

The Philippine Islands, 99 

Iowa Congress of Missions, Rev. H. J. Fioth- 

ingham, 101 

International Missionary Union, Mrs. Stanley 

K. Phraner, 101 

Elmira College (eleven illustrations), . .102 

FOREIGN MISSIONS.— Notes (one illustra- 
tion), HI 

Conference with New Missionaries, Benja- 
min Labaree, D.D , 113 

Rev. A. M. Merwin (with portrait), . . .114 
Benjamin C. Henry, D.D. (with portrait), . 115 
Mrs. Bishop's Impressions of our Korea Mis- 
sion (one illustration), 116 

Shamanism in Korea (one illustration), . .118 

Missionary Tact, 119 

Conciliatory Measures of the India Govern- 
ment, 120 

Concert of Prayer, Topic for August— Reflex 

Advantages of Foreign Missions, . . 121 
Letters— Hainan, Rev. P. W. McGlintock; Per- 
sia, Mrs B. S. Hawkes; Brazil, Rev C. 
E. Bi.iier and Rev. J. B. KoLb ; Africa, 
Dr. Bennett; Korea, Rev. S. A Moffett, 124 

COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES.— Brookfield 

College, Harry C. Myers, A.M., . . 129 

CHURCH ERECTION.— now a Frontier 
Church was Started — Bad Advice— An- 
other Misapprehension — Casa Grande 
Church, . . . ' 130 

MINISTERIAL RELIEF. — Studying for 
Effects 132 



EDUCATION.— An Earnest Apppal — Are 
There Really Too Many?— J. D. Hewitt, 
D.D. (with portrait) — The Minister's 
Official Status— S. B. McCormick, D.D. 
(with portrait), 135 

PUBLICATION AND S ABBATH-SCHOOL 
WORK.— After the Celebration — Crow 
Butte, Neb. (with illustration)— Summer 
Work by our Missionaries, .... 138 

FREEDMEN. — Pleased with His Farm- 
Swift Memorial, Rogersville, Tenn. (with 
illustration), 141 

HOME MISSIONS. — The Home Mission 
Problem— Notes, 144 

The Church at the Front (three illustrations), 147 
Concert of Prayer, Topic for August— The 

Foreigners, 149 

Letters, 151 

Appointments, 15G 

YOUNG PEOPLE'S CHRISTIAN ENDEA- 
VOR.— Notes (portraits of John Willis 
Baer and Mary Ashton)— The Pilgrims in 
Their Three Homes (two illustrations)— 
Missionary Literature, Rev. Lee W. Beat- 
tie — Babies in Sunday-school — A Strange 
House of Worship— Presbyterian Endea- 
vorers — Questions for the Missionary 
Meeting— With the Magazines, . . 159-171 

Book Notices, 172 

Ministerial Necrology, 173 

Receipts of the Boards, .... 173-180 
Officers and Agencies, 182 



THE CHURCH 

AT HOME AND ABROAD. 



AUGUST, 1898, 



CURRENT EVENTS AND THE KINGDOM. 



"A Highway for Our God." — As in 
the first century the imperial authority of 
Rome aided the Church by furnishing facili- 
ties of travel over her military highways, 
so the commercial enterprise of to-day is 
answering the call, " Prepare ye the way of 
the Lord; make straight in the desert a 
highway for our God." The formal open- 
ing of the railway from Matadi, at the 
mouth of the Congo, to Stanley Pool, a 
distance of 250 miles, is an event of no 
little interest to missions. It connects by 
quick and easy transit the interior of Africa 
with the ocean. It opens to commerce the 
Congo valley, " the greatest river basin of 
the world," with its 3000 miles of naviga- 
ble waterway and its 30,000,000 of popu- 
lation. The forty-five little steamers 
already plying on the waters of the upper 
Congo will not suffice for the increasing 
trade. The india-rubber industry alone 
amounted in 1897 to $3,000,000. While 
the railway will accomplish its original pur- 
pose and quicken commercial enterprise, it 
will also aid the rapidly growing work of 
the Church. 

Another Victory Possible. — Mr. 

Charles Johnston, a retired British official, 
writes in the Review of Reviews of the 
opportunity for the genius of America to 
bring a new revelation to the world — the 
revelation of true and kindly dealing with 
weak races who cannot help themselves. 
Here is an opportunity, he says, to protect 
them, to guard them against European 
extortion and the extortion of the same 
spirit of greedy cruelty in Americans, to 
protect them from the superior moral force 
of the Chinese without doing injustice to the 
Chinese genius, and, lastly, to protect them 
from themselves, their own weakness and 
unsteady wills; to put a little heart into 



them, so that they may love life and see 
good days amid their tropical jungle. Let 
Americans win one more victory for free- 
dom; this time not for the strong and ex- 
ultant, but for the helpless and the weak, 
who cannot help themselves. 

The Opportunity of the Church. — 

The present war is the opportunity of the 
Church, writes the Rev. Edgar G. Murphy 
in the North American Review, because it 
will bring its strain to the moral resources 
of the country. The results of such a con- 
flict are often more essentially disastrous for 
the victors than for the conquered. There 
is danger that the serious reasons of war- 
fare will drop into the background, and 
that our military feeling will degenerate 
into a passion for spoil and a lust for mas- 
tery. We may forget those considerations 
of humanity which have moved us to inter- 
vene, and the close of the struggle may find 
us a little further from the spirit of compas- 
sion and from the proper genius of civiliza- 
tion than we were at the beginning. 

The Caroline Islands. — Anticipating 
the settlement which must come when the 
war with Spain is ended, in reference to 
these islands, the Missionary Herald pleads 
for religious liberty. In 1852 the mission- 
aries of the American Board began their 
work, making Kusaie and Ponape centres 
of influence. Natives of the Gilbert and 
Marshall groups were brought to Kusaie, 
trained as teachers and preachers, and then 
sent out to instruct their own people. 
From the training-school on Ponape, Chris- 
tian laborers were sent to the adjacent 
Caroline Islands and to the Mortlock group 
and the Ruk Archipelago. On Ponape, 
after thirty -five years of labor, the domi- 
nant influences were Christian. Several 



98 



CURRENT EVENTS AND THE KINGDOM. 



[Augus f 



chiefs were converted, and there were fifteen 
churches with 450 communicants. Up to 
this time there had been no sign of any 
government over the islands save that of the 
native chieftains. In 1887 an armed force 
was sent from Manila, with a governor, to 
claim Spanish sovereignty over the islands. 
An international dispute as to territorial 
rights to several island groups of Micro- 
nesia had previously been referred to the 
pope as arbitrator, and his decision, ren- 
dered October, 1885, confirmed Spain's 
claim to the Carolines, gave the Marshalls 
to Germany, and left the Gilberts to Great 
Britain. The Spanish governor brought 
with him six Roman Catholic priests. 
Freedom of worship was denied and the 
missionaries expelled. The natives resented 
this interference with their churches and 
teachers and schools, attempted unsuccess- 
fully to drive their oppressors from the 
island, and then withdrew to the interior, 
where they still hold their own. It is 
hoped that the missionaries who have 
wrought so faithfully and successfully may 
be permitted to return and preach the 
gospel throughout that island world with- 
out let or hindrance. 

The Chinese Learning to Think. — 

One of the defects in Chinese education is 
that it consists so largely of a mere memor- 
izing of the classics of Confucius. The 
Chinese who enjoy the advantages of a 
Christian school are learning to think. Dr. 
Judson Smith believes that under the breath 
of Christian education patriotism is reviv- 
ing. At a college commencement he 
listened to orations in which Chinese 
students discussed such topics as these: 
" The Partition of China," " How Can 
China Become Strong?" " How Can China 
Become Equal to Eastern Nations '?" 
These subjects, he says, are constantly in 
the minds and the conversation of these 
young men, while they are also well in- 
formed regarding the progress of our war 
with Spain. 

A Bible for Lady Wu Ting Fang. — 

In our issue for February last, there 
appeared a portrait of the Chinese minister 
plenipotentiary at Washington, Wu Ting 
Fang, with some account of his broad and 
progressive ideas. In March, Mrs. Wel- 
lington White, who lived in Canton for ten 
years, called at the Chinese legation. 



Noticing that the minister spoke to his wife 
in the Cantonese dialect, she conversed with 
them in that language. Then she inquired 
if a gift of a Bible in English in behalf of 
the Christian women of the United States 
would be acceptable to the minister's wife. 
When, subsequently, a copy of the Bible, 
beautifully bound in old gold satin, with 
the inscription, " In behalf of the National 
Sabbath Association, through the hands of 
Mrs. Wellington White," was presented to 
Lady Wu, both the minister and his wife 
expressed their gratitude and hearty appre- 
ciation of the interest taken in the members 
of the legation and their families. 

An Opening in the Soudan. — The 

recent crushing defeat of the forces of the 
Khalifa and his reported abandonment of 
Obdurman make it reasonable to expect 
that the Anglo -Egyptian army, already in 
possession of the region where the forces of 
Hicks Pasha were annihilated, will within 
a few months unfurl the British flag over 
the spot where Gordon fell. Slatin Pasha, 
who learned so much about the country and 
the character of the people while in cap- 
tivity with the Mahdi, is to be governor of 
Khartoum. Friends of the Church Mis- 
sionary Society are watching the course of 
events in Egypt with special interest, since 
the reoccupation of this region and its 
restoration to law and order will in all 
likelihood mean a new possibility of mis- 
sionary enterprise. Soon after the death of 
Gen. Gordon a Gordon Memorial Fund was 
raised for the purpose of beginning a mis- 
sion in the Soudan, with Khartoum as head- 
quarters. 

The Gospel for the Philippines. — The 

Church of to-day is attempting to keep pace 
with the march of God's providence. The 
outcome of the conflict in which the nation 
is engaged is sure to be an opportunity for 
the extension of the kingdom of our Lord. 
" We ought to see in the startling events of 
these wonderful days," writes Bishop 
Thoburn, " the hand of God, and hear the 
divine voice commanding the Christian 
people of that nation which has in so strange 
a way become responsible for the astonishing 
change of the past few weeks, to rise up 
in their strength, enter into this fruitful field 
and take possession of it in the name of the 
Lord." The First Presbyterian Church in 
Yonkers, N. Y., has raised one thousand 



1898.] 



THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS. 



99 



dollars to send a missionary to the Philip- 
pines, and on the suggestion of our Board 
of Foreign Missions a conference has been 
held with the Boards of other Churches 
with a view to a frank and mutual under- 
standing as to the responsibilities of Amer- 
ican Christians to the people of Cuba, Porto 
Kico and the Philippine Islands, and an 
agreement as to the most effective distribu- 
tion of the work among the several Boards, 
that may be found expedient and practicable. 

A Note of Warning. —The following is 
a condensed summary of a timely article 
in the Independent by Dr. Teunis S. Ham- 
lin: No question of practical religion is 
more urgent than this: What should be our 
mental attitude toward those with whom we 
are in national conflict ? Worse than all 
the other evils of war is the threatened 
demoralization of our Christian conscious- 
ness. Our spirit of genuine cosmopolitan- 
ism has been cultivated chiefly by the 
foreign missionary enterprise, which has 
been teaching us the solidarity of the race 
by enlisting our sympathy and practical 
help in its enlightenment in all parts of the 
globe. Thus we have been brought to hold 
all men in respect, to believe in all as capa- 
ble of civilization, to recognize our actual 
kinship to all, however separated by dis- 
tance or language or custom; in short, to 
love all men in a rational and Christian 
sense. No feature of our popular life is 
more striking or more beautiful than the 
general absence of race hatred, suspicion 
and disrespect, and the presence in their 
place of sincere and cordial regard for all 
our fellow- men. 

No result of the present war could be so 
disastrous as a relapse on our part from this 
Christian temper of cosmopolitan love to 
an insular and barbarous hatred of other 
nations. If our hearts should be hardened 
toward men beyond our own borders, if our 
sympathies should be chilled and our respect 



turned into suspicion and enmity, we should 
suffer a loss in our national character that 
it would require several generations and 
incalculable efforts to repair. Impairment 
of national, like personal character, is 
inestimably more serious than of national 
wealth or even of national domain. 

The differences between Spaniards and 
ourselves that have led to armed conflict 
are not superficial, but profound. But we 
must go below all the differences, to find 
things in common — things that make us 
" neighbors" still, although we are " ene- 
mies." Such things are: our common 
humanity, our common sonship of the one 
Father, our common capacity to sin and 
suffer, to be redeemed and blessed. And 
very especially the wretchedness of Spain 
makes her our "neighbor" in the Lord's 
own sense. There is no fear that our war- 
fare will be barbarous or our victories 
ungenerous. Our Christian civilization has 
made us humane. 

The question of national concern is, How 
shall we treat ourselves ? Our Spanish 
"enemies" will not suffer in person or 
fortune more than the exigencies of war 
imperatively demand ; but shall we suffer 
needlessly in our Christian character ? 
Shall we relapse from a civilized to a bar- 
barous temper ? It all depends on whether 
or not we hold ourselves to the lofty purpose 
of righting grievous wrongs and helping an 
oppressed race to that freedom which we 
believe to be the universal birthright of man. 
We must banish thoughts of revenge. Love 
does not demand that we make war feebly; 
that we stifle our patriotism in apologizing 
for the vigor of our national conduct. But 
it does demand that we leave vengeance to 
God, while we strike only for righteousness 
and freedom, pitying the sorrows and loving 
the persons of those ' ' neighbors ' ' whom 
for a time we are most reluctantly obliged 
to count and call our " enemies." 



THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS. 



Mr. Isaac M. Elliott, who was U. S. 
consul at Manila from 1893 to 1896, writes 
in Scribner 1 * Magazine that both natives 
and foreigners in the Philippines are 
oppressed by the elaborate system of taxa- 
tion. Every male pays a head-tax, which 
ranges from fifty cents to one hundred 
dollars. Then there is a tax for the privi- 



lege of doing business, gauged by the value 
and amount of the business. In addition 
there are the real -estate tax. the tree tax, 
the carriage tax, the horse tax and the 
stamp taxes. Importers are subject to the 
additional imposition of petty fines. 

Spanish misrule and oppression in the 
islands is exerted also through the Church, 



100 



THE PHILIPPINE ISLANDS. 



[August, 



which owns many of the plantations, on 
which the planters pay oppressive rents. 
They also have their own banks engaged in 
the business of lending money to the plant- 
ers at usurious rates of interest. The 
Church lives off the natives and the Span- 
ish officials live off the importers. 

While the Church has absorbed a great 
deal of money from the people, still it has 
been the civilizing factor, and has built 
schools and churches all over the Philip- 
pine Islands, where the poor as well as the 
rich are always welcome. 

The insurrection is really a righteous 
uprising of the producing class against mis- 
government. They are the Malays and 
half-castes who have been robbed of their 
rightful share of the returns of their indus- 
try, and have taken up arms against the 
government. The savages, or Nigritos, 
have nothing to do with this insurrection. 

Spanish dominion is practically confined 
to narrow sea- coast strips, and the great 
bulk of the territory of the Philippines is 
unsubdued and undeveloped, and inhabited 
by the original savage Negritos, who roam 
the islands unmolested and give no trouble 
whatever unless interfered with in their 
fastnesses. 

The inhabitants of the Philippines who 
are to be considered in commercial questions 
are the Malayans, the Chinese, the Euro- 
peans, the English, and the Americans. 
When one speaks of the " natives,' ' he 
generally refers to the Malayans and the 
half-castes, who are the descendants of 
Malayans and various foreign races, who 
have intermarried with them. These are 
called Mestizos, and are often well edu- 
cated. The wealthy Mestizos or half-castes 
send their children to Europe to be educated, 
and they are very apt pupils, too. I have 
known a number of young men who are 
graduates of the best colleges in Europe. 

Plantation life is the industrial unit on 
which the whole commercial system turns. 
These plantations are large or small, accord- 
ing to the wealth of the proprietor, who is 
generally a Malay. All the work of the 
plantation is done by other Malayans, and 
on some of the large plantations as many 
as five or six hundred of these live in little 
bamboo houses, just as the Negroes lived on 
the old cotton plantations in the South. 
The planter furnishes these workers with 
food and clothes, and when the crop has 



been harvested a settlement takes place, 
resulting sometimes in a small balance of a 
few dollars in cash, which is paid to the 
workers; very often they are in debt to 
the planter. 

It is the business of the middleman, 
generally a Mestizo (half-caste), who is 
often a man of considerable education tact 
and shrewdness, to contract with the plant- 
ers for their entire crops in advance, 
furnishing them with the needed capital. 
He makes these contracts on behalf of the 
great firms — English, German, French, 
American — who manage the export trade of 
the islands. These exporters are the orig- 
inal sources of the capital on which the 
whole industrial machinery depends. They 
lend money to the Mestizos at a high rate 
of interest, probably ten or twelve per cent., 
and the Mestizos sublet it to the planters at 
exorbitant rates, often as high as fifty per 
cent a year. It is by this increased rate of 
interest that the Mestizo makes his money. 
As a consequence, the planter is almost 
always in debt, and the only men who make 
money are the exporters and middlemen. 

The commerce of these islands has been 
estimated by some authorities at $50,000,- 
000 a year, but it is probably much greater ; 
the chief exports being sugar, tobacco and 
hemp. 

The mineral wealth of the Phillipines is 
not believed to be of great importance, 
although vast regions are practically unex- 
plored. Gold has been found, but not in 
paying quantities. A discovery of immense 
value was made a few years ago in an 
accidental manner. The American ship 
Richard Parsons was wrecked on the west- 
ern coast of the Island Mindoro. Captain 
Joy, of Nantucket, Mass., and his crew 
were forced to cross to a port on the eastern 
coast in order to reach any vessel that 
would carry them to Manila. To do this 
they made a seventeen-days' journey 
through the wilderness and over a range of 
mountains. In these mountains they came 
upon great ledges of coal, which are out- 
cropping, and thousands of tons had 
broken off and accumulated at the base of 
the cliffs. On hearing of this discovery the 
Spanish government immediately confis- 
cated the lands ; but they have never done 
anything toward developing this great 
deposit of coal. All the coal now used 
in the islands is imported from Australia. 



1898.] 



INTERNATIONAL MISSIONARY UNION. 

IOWA CONGRESS OF MISSIONS. 

REV. H. J. FF.OTHINGHAM. 



101 



Iowa never had so satisfactory a meeting 
as the Missionary Congress held in Des 
Moines, June 21-24. 

The aim was to evangelize the State by 
an infusion of missionary zeal. How far 
this end will be accomplished depends on 
those who attended. 

Every department of missions was repre- 
sented, and the aim was to give each an 
adequate representation. Owing, however, 
to changes in the program, made necessary 
by sickness and other unvoidable causes, 
foreign missions was the most prominent. 

We had with us Dr. John H. Barrows, 
Dr. J. C. R. Ewing, Mrs. Rhea, Dr. S. 
.J. McPherson, Dr. S. C. Wishard, Mrs. 
F. H. Pierson, Dr. R, S. Holmes, Dr. 
James A. Worden, Dr. W. H. Weaver 
and Mr. R. S. Sulzer. 

The congress was interspersed with parlia- 
ments and devotional services, and there 



was a college hour conducted by Dr. T. D. 
Ewing, and addressed by the presidents of 
Buena Vista and Coe Colleges. 

Every such meeting brings pastors and 
elders and representative people of our 
Church into contact with those " who for 
his name's sake went forth, taking nothing 
of the Gentiles." They view the " gesta 
Christi,' ' and are inspired to like deeds when 
opportunity offers. 

The meeting closed with all financial 
obligations discharged. 

Repeated expressions of opinion seemed 
to show the assembly unanimous in their 
approval of The Church at Home 
and Abroad as one of the best and most 
interesting missionary publications ever 
issued. 

Patriotic sentiment was frequent, and 
expressions approving an Anglo-Saxon alli- 
ance were warmly applauded. 



INTERNATIONAL MISSIONARY UNION. 



MRS. STANLEY K. PHRANER. 



The fifteenth annual meeting of the 
International Missionary Union, at Clifton 
Springs, N. Y., June 8-14, was considered 
by those competent to judge as one of the 
very best ever held. One hundred and 
thirty missionaries were present, from eigh- 
teen different countries, and representing the 
same number of Boards and Societies. 
Almost every phase of work on the mission 
field was either reviewed or discussed. 
Mrs. Crosley Wheeler, referring to the 
recent massacres at Harpoot, said: " Our 
work has been more prosperous since the 
massacres than before." Rev. George P. 
Knapp, of the American Board, told the 
thrilling story of his arrest and imprison- 
ment and banishment from the country, 
not even being allowed a trial. Mrs. Cole, 
of Bitlis, gave an equally thrilling descrip- 
tion of the peril she and her little ones were 
in at the time of the massacre. One morn- 
ing's devotional hour was conducted as a 
memorial service in honor of the thirteen 
members of the Union who had died during 
the year. Mr. B. Blackly, a colporteur of 
the American Bible Society in Mexico, 
related many incidents showing how eager 



the people were to buy and read the Bible 
in some parts of that country, and how they 
went without food and water and gave their 
precious jewels to him in exchange for the 
sacred word. Emphasis was laid upon the 
obligation of the Boards and missions to the 
American Bible Society for its help from 
year to year in printing the word of God, 
without which missionary work could not 
be carried on, and the following minute was 
adopted : 

"Resolved, That the International Mis- 
sionary Union recognizes with gratitude to 
God the great work that has been done by 
the American Bible Society in all our 
foreign mission fields, and now when its 
beneficent work has a wider field of great 
opportunity than ever before, we hear with 
sorrow that its important mission is imperiled 
through lack of funds. We beseech all 
the churches to rally to its support, and 
every pastor to present its claims at once, 
and send forward as speedily as possible the 
offerings of the people to replenish its treas- 
ury, and enable it to continue without inter- 
mission its most helpful work. We pray 
that wisdom may be granted to those who 



102 



ELMIRA COLLEGE 



[August, 



are charged with its management to rightly 
administer its work and increasingly de- 
velop its usefulness in all lands." 

The question was asked, " What shall be 
done with the great number of volunteers ?" 
They do not wish to be condoled with over 
giving up themselves to this work; the 
greatest trial is that they cannot go. 

It was urged that young men should not 
lean too hard on the Boards, but if able 
should go at their own expense, or stir up 
the churches to send them. A desire was 
also expressed by one of the volunteers to 
have the Boards come into closer touch 
with those going out and give them more 
detailed instructions as to how to prepare 
for their life work. 

A multiplicity of hospitals, printing 



presses, etc., a direct result of a multiplicity 
of organizations in this country, was em- 
phasized as one of the greatest hindrances 
to missionary comity. 

Rev. J. K. Wight, formerly of China, 
made the startling statement that against 
$7,000,000 given yearly for missions, 
$17,000,000 were spent for chewing gum. 
He said: " Are we not playing at mis- 
sions, and if we do not do our duty, will 
not our candlestick be removed out of its 
pi ace/ ' 

The closing meeting was one of farewell 
to the thirty-seven returning to their fields 
before another gathering. Each one pres- 
ent spoke a parting word, after which Dr. 
Baldwin, of the Methodist B^ard, gave 
them a farewell address and God-speed. 



In France the disturbance over the higher 
education of women was to a degree allayed 
in 1862, when the Sorbonne conferred the 
title of Doctor of Medicine upon an English 
woman and granted a diploma to a young 
French girl. Austria, Hungary and Spain 
forbid by law the admission of women to 
the advanced schools of learning. Since 
1875 the English colonies admit women to 
collegiate and university courses. America, 
however, leads the van, and Elmira College 
was the first institution in the world exclu- 
sively and legally authorized to confer 



ELMIRA COLLEGE. 

[The following article is largely composed of excerpts which we are permitted to make from a historical paper by Mrs. 
A. B. Williams, of Washington, D. C. 

upon women the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts. As if in line with the " eternal fit- 
ness of things," the first "permission" 
ever given to a woman to practice medicine 
within the Turkish empire was granted to an 
Elmira College student. 

In an address before the University Con- 
vocation in August, 1869, Rev. A. W. 
Cowles, D.D., the first president of Elmira 
College, said: " While the culture of liberal 
learning and the preparation of young men 
for the ministry and other literary and 
scientific professions seemed ample justifica- 
tion for the multiplication and liberal 
endowment of colleges, nothing was done to 
secure an equally high and thorough educa- 
tion for women. There are those now 
living who remember what a flutter of 
excitement was produced among college 
professors and professional mathematicians 
when it was reported that Miss Willard 
had actually introduced the study of 
algebra and geometry into Troy Seminary." 

It is confidently believed that the late 
Simeon Benjamin, an elder in the First 
Presbyterian Church of Elmira, is entitled 
to the honor of being the founder of the 
first Woman's College with a full four 
years' course of study, equal in extent, 
value and permanence to the colleges for 
men. An attempt had been made in 1852 
to establish at Auburn, N. Y., a high-grade 
Simeon Benjamin. university for women. Owing to various 




1898] 



ELMIRA. COLLEGE. 



103 



difficulties, the enterprise was not successful, 
and it was proposed to amend the charter 
and transfer the institution to Elmira. 
When this project was submitted to Mr. 
Benjamin, he headed a new subscription 
with five thousand dollars — a liberal sum 
for that time — and consented to undertake 
the financial management, acting as treas- 
urer and chairman of the Board of Trus- 
tees. Into this work, with characteristic 
energy, he threw the whole force of his 
business capacity. This was ten years before 
Matthew Vassar publicly expressed the hope 
that he might be " the instrument in the 
hands of Providence of founding and per- 
petuating an institution which shall accom- 
plish for young women what our colleges are 
accomplishing for young men." By con- 
sent of the friends of Auburn University, 
the change of location was decided upon, 
and in 1855 the Legislature of New York 
granted a charter to Elmira Female Col- 
lege. In 1890, by decree of the court, the 
word " Female" was dropped. The Legis- 
lature gave the new college an appropriation 
of ten thousand dollars, which is the first 
instance of State aid for the collegiate 
education . of women. Mr. Benjamin 
released the sum of twenty-five thousand 
dollars which he advanced to the college, 
yet making this novel condition, that the 
same interest should be paid as before, for 
the formation of a continued endowment. 
And from that day to this Elmira College 
has been actually endowing itself. 




Augustus W. Cowles, D.D., 

President Emeritus. 

The building was completed and dedicated 
in September, 1855; and in October of the 
same year the college opened with a 
large number of students. 

At the first commencement in 1859, di- 
plomas were presented in alphabetical order 



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1 






'IK ^E4 it m 

* 1 




11 I I ^* 


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Elmira College. 



104 



ELMIRA COLLEGE. 



[August, 



to seventeen candidates for the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts. Thus Miss Helen M. T. 
Ayres received the first diploma from the 
hand of the president. This diploma, re- 
cently presented to the college by Miss 
Ayres, is believed to be the first ever given 
by a woman's college. 

Mr. Benjamin, whose gifts, extendiDg 
through the first ten years of the college 
history, amounted to the sum of eighty 
thousand dollars, as a condition of his 
legacy, requested the Board of Trustees to 
place the college under the care of the 



Synod of Geneva. The synod accepted the 
charge, and the college was frequently 
called " the daughter of the synod.' ' 
When this synod became a part of the 
Synod of New York, the college was for- 
mally received under the care of the larger 
body. 

The trustees of the college are elected by 
the synod, which also appoints an examin- 
ing committee to visit the college and make 
an annual report of its condition. 

Dr. A. W. Cowles, the first president of 
Elmira College, believed that all the well- 




H 



1898.] 



ELMIRA COLLEGE. 



105 




From the Lake. 



tried excellencies of our older colleges, with 
a few special adaptations, might be made 
available for the higher liberal education of 
women. He could see no good reason why- 
women should not be as well taught by the 
best teachers, and with as good apparatus 
and the best books of reference, as if they 
were men. The founding of Elmira Col- 
lege, which marked a new era in the higher 
education of women, he believed to be the 
next step forward, from the highest and best 
female seminaries, of which Troy Seminary 
and Mt. Holyoke were types, to a true 
college for women. 

In his inaugural address he said: " We 
hope to furnish facilities for securing such 
an education for women as is considered in- 
dispensable to an educated man. It will be 
one of the aims of this college to furnish a 
true, symmetrical education — not like that 
of the pedant or the book-worm, but one 
which shall brighten every faculty, strength- 
en every power, and furnish every accom- 
plishment — an education which shall render 
the whole character full and elegant, yet at 
the same time vigorous, self-reliant and 
solid. 

" We plead for our daughters the privi- 
lege of enj ying the highest and best cul- 
ture. We desire to educate both by work 
and for work, for long- continued work, not 
making the path of learning a mere flower 
garden. This occasion witnesses the sincer- 



ity of our wishes for the advancement of 
women to the highest and noblest attainment. 




Darius R. Ford, D.D., 
Physical Sciences and Astronomy. 



10< 



ELMIRV COLLEGE. 



[August, 




Music Hall. 



In this direction we pray for progress. Guid- 
ed by the light of the past, and with almost 
the literal sanction of the Scriptures, we ask, 
1 that our daughters may be like corner- 
stones polished after the similitude of a 
palace.' " 

Dr. Cowles was graduated from Union 
College in 1841, having met the expenses 
of the college course by his skill in minia- 
ture painting. Two years later he accepted 
the position of instructor in art in Jacob C. 
Abbott's school for young ladies, and was 
thus enabled to defray the expenses of his 
theological education in Union Theological 
Seminary. He had been pastor of the 



Presbyterian Church in Brockport, N. Y., 
for ten years, when called to the presidency 
of Elmira College. After serving in this 
capacity for thirty-four years, he resigned 
in 1889, and has since been president emer- 
itus. 

His lofty ideal for woman's education has 
to an extent been realized, and his methods 
and principles have been adopted by men of 
wide educational experience. Appreciation 
of the scholarly work accomplished at 
Elmira has been shown by Dr. E. G. 
Robinson, president of Brown University; 
Prof. Foster, of Union College, and Dr. A. 
C. Kendrick, of Rochester University, 




bservatory. 



1898.] 



ELMIRA. COLLEGE. 



107 



from the fact that they gave their daugh- 
ters the advantages of a fall four-years' 
course at Elmira College. 

Dr. Cowles testifies that the college has 
never taken a step backward, but has raised 
its standard, increased its requirements for 
admission and exacted thorough work in 
all classes. 

The Examining Committee reported to 
the Synod in 1895 : We find the require- 
ments for admission are equal to those of 
the best colleges for men and women : and 
when once admitted no student can retain 
a place in the class without passing rigid 
examinations. The members of the faculty 



are fully abreast of the times in collegiate 
education and in earnest, skillful teaching. 
The courses of study are such that students 
from Elmira may go to other colleges and 
enter corresponding classes, without being 
conditioned. 

More than two thousand young women 
have enjoyed the advantages of Elmira Col- 
lege. Four hundred of these have taken 
the full course of study and received the de- 
gree. It is estimated that fully one-half 
the students have been furnished by the 
Synod of New York. Fifty of the gradu- 
ates have been the daughters of minis- 
ters. The college has sent out Christian 



? 




J 



President A. C. MacKenzie, D.D, 



108 



elmira; college. 



[August, 



missionaries to Japan, China, India and 
Turkey. 

Though the college is under the care of 
the Synod of New York, its administration 
is unsectarian. The principal evangelical 
denominations are always represented in the 
Board of Trustees. Denominational prefer- 
ences are respected and students are allowed 
to select their own places of worship. 

Dr. Cowles testifies in a recent article on 
" The Early Days of Elmira " that " El- 
mira College was from the first designed 
solely as a real college for women, with 



special adaptations and arrangements which 
should fully conserve the delicacy, refine- 
ment, gentleness, sympathetic tenderness 
and conscientiousness which form the su- 
perior charm of woman. It was not in- 
tended to make women as much like men as 
possible." He adds, " Elmira has always 
held strongly to the plan of co- instruction. 
This includes a strong, manly element in 
eminent professors, men who are worthy of 
the confidence and real esteem of women — 
true manly men who worthily represent 
noble manhood. Their purity, piety, vigor, 




o 



H 



1898.] 



ELMIRA COLLEGE. 



109 




Kappa Sigma Room. 



are needed as daily examples. At least 
one-third or more of the faculty should be 
such men. With these should be associated 
the best specimens of genuine women whom 
students may truly admire, imitate and sin- 
cerely love. College life may thus be a 
continued home life, where all the sweet 
amenities of mutual affection may educate 
the heart while the intellect is receiving its 
highest and best culture. ' ' 

Students at Elmira enjoy Christian influ- 
ences and feel the home atmosphere. They 
find the culture and refinement of the 
Christian home harmoniously blended with 
the life of the scholar. 



The resources of this institution became 
impaired in consequence of investments ren- 
dered unproductive during the depression of 
business. For several years the friends of 
the college have known that the continued 
prosperity of Elmira depended upon the 
securing of an endowment fund large 
enough to place it on a firm financial basis. 
Earnest efforts to raise such a fund were not 
successful while the business depression con- 
tinued. 

In April, 1897, the Rev. A. C. Mac- 
Kenzie, D.D., then pastor of the First 
Presbyterian Church in Owego, N. Y., 
accepted the presidency of the college, to 




Phi Mu Room. 



110 



ELMIRA COLLEGE. 



[August, 



succeed the Rev. Rufus S. Green, D.D., 
who had resigned that office during the 
previous year. The effort in behalf of an 
endowment was renewed, Dr. MacKenzie 
proposing that the citizens of Elmira, who 
have always generously supported the insti- 
tution, be asked to raise $50,000, and that 
a like sum be secured if possible from 



friends outside the city. At the recent 
commencement — June, 1898 — he was able 
to announce that the $100, 000 had been fully 
pledged. c The citizens of Elmira showed 
their appreciation of the institution by con- 
tributing three-fifths of the amount instead 
of one-half. The result is largely due to the 
untiring zeal of President MacKenzie. 




FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



NOTES. 

Scope of the Foreign Board. 

Attention has frequently been called to 
the tact that the Board of Foreign Missions 
is several Boards in one. It may not be 
amiss to refer to the matter again on the 
basis of the recent annual report to the 
General Assembly. It is, to begin with: 
( 1) A Board of Home Missions. The main 
business of the Board of Home Missions is 
to preach the gospel in destitute regions. 
Last year there were under commission by 
the Foreign Board, 226 ordained mission- 
aries 188 ordained natives and 355 licen- 
tiates and evangelists, a force of 769 men 
whose main business it is to preach the 
gospel. (2) It is a Board of Education 
and a Board of Aid for Colleges. Last 
year there were in attendance in schools of 
all grades 30,409 pupils, besides ninety- 
one students for the ministry. Very manv 
of these pupils were supported in whole or 
in part, and every college, high school and 
theological seminary was dependent on the 
Board to a greater or less extent. (3) It 
is a Board cf Publication. There are in 
connection with the Board of Foreign 
Missions six presses which are owned by 
the Board and operated by our Missions, 
to say nothing of a large amount of print- 
ing which is done by some of our Missions 
on other presses. The Mission Press at 
Shanghai, which stands in the very front 
rank of similar presses throughout the 
world, printed last vear 50,550,953 pages, 
while that at Beirut printed 19,611,303. 
The former has 700 volumes in the vernacu- 
lar on its catalogue, while the latter has 
about 500 volumes. The total of pages 
printed last year by all our presses was 
77,041,938. (4) It is a Board of Church 
Erection. The aim is to have natives build 
their own churches wherever possible, but 
help must be given in many cases. 

Then think of the large medical work 
included in Foreign Missions. The Pres- 
byterian Church leads to-day in this impor- 
tant department of the foreign missionary 
enterprise, in the number of medical mis- 
sionaries under commission, the figures 
being: forty-three men, thirty-two women, 
including eight wives of missionaries, and 
lour women nurses, making a total force of 
seventy-nine, not counting a number who 



are also ordained missionaries. These are 
doing service in over ninety hospitals and 
dispensaries, to say nothing of the large 
amount of itinerating work; and the num- 
ber of patients treated last year was 351,303. 

International Missionary Union. 

At the annual meeting of the Interna- 
tional Missionary Union, held at Clifton 
Springs, June 8 to 14, the president, Dr. 
J. T. Gracey, spoke of the Union, with its 
eight hundred members, as the largest body 
of missionaries meeting regularly every 
year. It is, said he, a school for mutual 
instruction, an outlook committee of the 
whole earth, and incidentally a philological 
society, a society for study of comparative 
religions, exploration, political movements, 
humanitarian questions, etc. 

Among the topics discussed were educa- 
tional work, the opportunities and demands, 
or openings for the gospel, the obstacles 
that missionaries must meet, self-support, 
such agencies as the press, translations, and 
humanitarian measures, as well as the 
spirit of missions in the home churches. 

Drs. Hepburn, Baldwin and Blodgett 
gave interesting accounts of their work in 
translating the Bible into Chinese and 
Japanese. 

The sessions devoted to woman's work 
were addressed by speakers from ten 
different countries. Four women were 
present, each of whom had spent nearly 
fifty years in missionary service. Ramabai's 
effective work in behalf of the child-widows 
of India was described by her daughter, 
Manorama. 

All the sessions are described as practical, 
helpful and spiritual. 

And Conquered. 

It has been pointed out that whereas, in 
the first century of Christian missions, a 
large portion of the work has been done 
among the lowest tribes, the Church is now 
face to face with the ancient religions of the 
East, and has a very different and much 
more difficult task on hand. It is different 
in form, no doubt, but whether more diffi- 
cult in fact may be questioned. The conflict 
ha3 been with the animalism of men, but 
now it will be with the sins of the spirit, 
with subtle theories as to God and man and 
nature; yet underneath the one and the 

111 



112 



NOTES. 



[August, 



other lies the obstruction in the condition of 
the heart. The carnal heart, and not mere 
habits of life or modes of thought, consti- 
tutes the supreme hindrance to the truth in 
every nation. But even taking the intellec- 
tual difficulties at their worst, they need 
cause no anxiety. At the beginning the 
gospel grappled with the most rampant sins 
of the flesh, and with the sins of the spirit, 
and with the ablest pagan thinking the 
world has ever known — And conquered. 
What can Benares, or Calcutta, or Pekin 
or Tokio, put forward that Jerusalem, 
Athens, Corinth and Antioch did not also 
oppose to Jesus Christ ? Yet they opposed 
in vain. — The Christian, London. 

Interference in Civil Affairs. 

The complications resulting from the 
interference of Roman Catholic missionaries 
in China in civil matters, especially in legal 
questions between Roman Catholic converts 
and the civil authorities, are still continued, 
and unfortunately Protestants are by the 
Chinese authorities classed in the same 
category with the Catholics. 

The Hon. Pung Quang Yu, when 
Chinese minister at Washington, prepared 
a paper for the Parliament of Religions at 
Chicago, in which these abuses were dwelt 
upon with great emphasis and with bitter 
protest. And it so happened that certain 



letters received about the same time at 
the rooms of the Presbyterian Board of 
Foreign Missions from the Shantung Mis- 
sion gave strong corroboration to his charges, 
by showing that the priests in Shantung had 
offered foreign protection in the case of 
difficulty with the authorities, as an induce- 
ment to accept the Catholic faith. 

Another Complaint. 

Rev. Arthur H. Smith, in a communica- 
tion to The Outlook, calls attention to a sim- 
ilar complaint on the part of the Chinese 
officials against the employment of crafty 
and designing natives who have traitorously 
sold property to the missions and thus 
introduced the entering wedge for endless 
troubles. " Cases are cited of alleged 
exactions by missionaries in various prov- 
inces, which, if not altogether fictitious, 
seem to imply that they may be referable ex- 
clusively to the Roman Catholics, whose aims 
and methods, whatever else may be said of 
them, are wholly unlike those of any Prot- 
estant mission.' ' The Chinese foreign office 
expresses a wish that there may be a body 
of Chinese student graduates of the Tung 
Wen Kuan or Chinese University in Peking 
who can be distributed among the various 
provinces and placed in the judges' courts 
to settle disputes between other Chinese and 
the (native) Christians. Sixteen such men 




A Street in New Guinea. 



1898.] 



CONFERENCE WITH NEW MISSIONARIES. 



113 



are said to be already studying in four 

European countries, and when they return 

the emperor promises to see what can be 
done with them." 



CONFERENCE WITH NEW MIS- 
SIONARIES. 

BENJAMIN LABAREE, D. D. 

The Board of Foreign Missions recently 
invited to an extended conference at their 
rooms in New York all the new missionaries 
under appointment to sail during the pres- 
ent summer and fall. They had several 
objects in view in this new procedure. A 
principal one was the securing of a better 
personal acquaintance with these young men 
and women before they actually entered the 
work, as a basis for more efficient coopera- 
tion in the future, at the same time, 
hoping that, if any mistake had been made 
as to the real qualifications of any candi- 
date, it would become apparent during these 
days of testing intercourse. A second 
object was, that these young missionaries 
themselves might come to know the mem- 
bers and officers of the Board in such a 
close personal way as would give them 
increased confidence in the affectionate 
interest of the Board in their welfare and 
success. And a third purpose was to give 
these recruits, just entering into the great 
missionary service, a course of instruction 
in some of the elemental principles of this 
service, such as have been arrived at by 
the Board after these many years of careful 
observation and comparison. 

The program for the nine days of confer- 
ence, continuing from June 14 to the 22d 
instant, was rich in suggestion and proved 
very effective. The first hour of each 
morning was set apart for prayer and Bible 
study, and was conducted usually by some 
one of the clerical members of the Board. 
Dr. George F. Pentecost had charge of one 
of these hours, all of which were helpful in 
promoting the high spiritual aims of the con- 
ference. This season of devotion and com- 
muning with the mind of the Master was 
followed by some address or familiar talk 
by one or other of the officers of the Board 
on some practical topic bearing on mission- 
ary life and work. Among the subjects 
thus presented we mention the following: 
' ' Our Aims and Methods, " " The Religious 
Faiths of Our Mission Fields," and " How 



to Approach the Votaries of False Systems," 
"Administration of Foreign Missions," 
"The Missionary's Relation to the Native 
Church, " " Mission and Station Accounts 
and Expenditures ' ' (by Mr. Hand, the 
treasurer), " Exchange and Property " 
(by Hon. D. R. James, chairman of the 
Finance Committee), "Apostolic Mission 
Methods" (by Prof. Chalmers Martin, of 
Princeton Theological Seminary), "Dan- 
gers and Temptations to Missionary Life." 

Then there was a very profitable talk 
from Dr. George Woolsey, the Board's 
examining physician, on " First Aid to the 
Sick and Injured;" also one from Dr. Lane 
of the Brazil Mission on ' ' Care of the 
Health " (to men), and an hour of " Moth- 
erly Counsel to Young Women Mission- 
aries," from Mrs. W. F. Bainbridge. An 
hour was given to a " Question Box," at 
which a variety of practical questions were 
answered by Secretary Brown and some of 
the returned missionaries who were pres- 
ent. Another season was set apart as a 
1 * quiet hour ' ' for the missionaries alone, 
conducted by themselves, and the last session 
was closed with a deeply tender " consecra- 
tion service," following two very impres- 
sive addresses on ' ' The Missionary as a Soul 
Winner" and "The Relation of the Holy 
Spirit to the Missionary's Life and Work." 
Some of these hours must long live in the 
memory of those who participated in their 
privileges of spiritual power. Secretaries as 
well as missionaries seem to have felt the 
presence of the Divine Spirit, and testify 
that it was good to be there. 

The afternoons were spent chiefly in 
visiting City Mission and philanthropic 
institutions under the lead of different 
prominent workers, pastors and others. 
One special afternoon privilege, greatly 
appreciated, was an hour's discourse from 
Rev. A. F. Schauffler, D.D., on "Meth- 
ods of Teaching the Bible." Sunday fore- 
noon the missionaries worshiped in the Cen- 
tral Presbyterian Church of New York, and 
listened to a special sermon from the pastor, 
Rev. Wilton Merle Smith, D.D. Two of 
the missionaries go out from this church, 
but at their own charges, to a new field in 
China. 

In the intervals of these crowded exer- 
cises, there was much delightful social inter- 
course, establishing life-time acquaintance- 
ships among the missionaries themselves, 



114 



REV. A. M. MERWIN. 



[August, 



and also with the families of the secretaries, 
culminating in a charming social reception 
on the last afternoon in the attractive mission 
library. At the close of this all met in the 
Assembly Room for appropriate farewell 
exercises, conducted, in the unavoidable 
detention of the venerable president of the 
Board, Rev. Dr. Wells, by Mr. Warner 
Van Norden, of the Board. Two of the 
new missionaries also spoke, in fitting words, 
of their work and of their grateful apprecia- 
tion of the privileges and benefits of this 
series of meetings. 

So was brought to a close this interesting 
conference with the feeling of all who had 
participated in it that it had met with the 
highest success. As a new departure the 
Board is to be greatly commended. We 
have heard such a step as this discussed in 
years past among the officers. Difficulties, 
chiefly as regards the expense, seemed insu- 
perable. But the event has proved that the 
expense of assembling and entertaining 
these twenty-five young missionaries is 
small compared with the advantages dis- 
tinctly apparent and which must result in 
the coming years. 

We do not hesitate to express the opinion 
that the conference marks a new epoch in 
the Board's administration. We have 
observed in late years a pronounced effort 
on the part of the Board's officers to 
strengthen the service by the establishment 
of closer personal relations between them- 
selves and the workers on the field. The 
conference puts a marked emphasis on this 
aim. These missionaries now going out 
after ten days of such intimate intercourse 
at the Board's room must carry with them 
a sense of the personality of the officers, an 
attachment to and a confidence in them 
which years of correspondence could scarcely 
establish. Nor, on the other hand, can the 
Board's officials but feel in these young 
people after these days of developed ac- 
quaintance, an affectionate personal inter- 
est not otherwise attainable, which will 
sweeten and bless all their future communi- 
cations to them on their distant fields of 
labor. 

Beyond this it is safe to say that no com- 
pany of missionaries under our Board has 
ever gone out to their work with so clear 
an insight into the practical problems which 
they are to encounter as the appointees of 
the present year, nor has any like body of 



workers started to the foreign field from 
out of such an atmosphere of high spiritual 
inspiration as prevailed in this finely con- 
ducted conference. It is to be hoped that 
the experiment can be repeated in succeed- 
ing years. No effort should be spared, at 
any reasonable expense of the funds, to 
elevate the ideals of the missionary enter- 
prise, whether affecting the service at home 
or abroad. 

REV. A. M. MERWIN. 

Alexander Moss Merwin was born at 
Norwalk, Conn., September 3, 1839. His 
boyhood home was in New York city. He 
graduated at Williams College, Mass., and 
Princeton Theological Seminary, and has 
honorary degree from Yale College. Dur- 
ing the Avar he spent vacations in the hospi- 
tals and on the field as an agent of the 
U. S. Christian and Sanitary Commission ; 
also as acting chaplain at Alexandria and 
Fortress Monroe. He was one of the first 
Protestant missionaries to Chile, S. A. 
During nearly two decades of labor there 
he took part in the early efforts to secure 
religious toleration and civil rights for 




Rev. A. M. Merwin. 



1898.] 



REV. BENJAMIN C. HENRY, D.D. 



115 



native converts. He was associate founder 
and editor of the first Spanish evangelical 
journal on the west coast of South America. 
He was able on missionary tours to scat- 
ter good seed in various parts of Chi le, also 
in the Argentine Republic, Peru, Bolivia 
and Ecuador, when the last three named 
countries were closed to open evangelical 
effort. 

The health of his family having neces- 
sitated his return to this country, he was 
settled in southern California in 1886, was 
stated supply at Santa Barbara and organ- 
ized churches at Al ham bra, South Pasadena 
and Lamanda Park. He has given his 
time for the last eight years to work among 
the Mexicans of this region. He has 
charge of three Spanish churches and sev- 
eral outstations. Mr. Mer win's face 
describes his character. 



REV. BENJAMIN C. HENRY, D.D. 

Dr. Henry was born at Sharpsburg, Pa. , 
in 1850. He was graduated at Princeton, 
from the College in 1870, and the Sem- 
inary in 1873. The same year, in October, 
he was married to Miss Mary W. Snyder, 
and a month later the two sailed for China. 
They have been in this country twice on 
furlough. Their eldest daughter, Miss 
Julia Van A. Henry, is now a missionary 
of the Board in Canton. 

Dr. Henry's missionary career has been 
characterized by a high degree of intellec- 
tual ability, in so much that he began to 
preach the difficult Cantonese dialect after 
one year of study. The annual reports of 
his work transmitted to the Board have 
been a matter of repeated surprise with 
respect both to the variety and the extent 
of his work. His great and principal ser- 
vice has been that of evangelistic work, in 
which during his missionary experience he 
has been permitted to baptize nearly twelve 
hundred aduits. At the same time that he 
has attended to an extensive itinerant work, 
having charge of five or six country con- 
gregations, he has had also the pastoral care 
of one and sometimes of two native churches 
in the city of Canton. His oversight both 
of these churches and the country out- 
stations, including churches and schools, has 
been faithful and effective. Within about 
six months after his recent return to his 
field he was permitted to baptize over a 




Rev. Benjamin C. Henry, D.D. 

hundred adult converts. Dr. Henry has 
also performed much literary work in the 
Chinese language, translating, revising, 
etc., etc. He has prepared a translation of 
the Old Testament, including Job and 
Proverbs to Malachi, in the Cantonese 
dialect. This work was accepted by the 
American Bible Society, and is being 
widely used. He has also published in 
English two important works, " The Cross 
and the Dragon," and •' Ling Nan," or 
" Interior Views of South China." He 
has also written a large number of articles 
for magazines and religious papers in this 
country. 

During his two furloughs, Dr. Henry was 
in constant demand for missionary ad- 
dresses, having made five hundred addresses 
before churches and societies. During both 
furloughs he received a number of pressing 
invitations to become pastor of churches, the 
salaries in some cases being $4000 and 
$5000 a year. With unswerving fidelity, 
however, to the great purpose of his life, 
and his consecration to the Master for the 
work on the mission field, he declined all 
such diversions, and still, in the full prime 
of his life and strength, is prosecuting his 
most useful work in Canton. 



116 



IMPRESSIONS OF OUR KOREA MISSION. 



[August, 



MRS. ISABELLA BIRD BISHOP'S 
IMPRESSIONS OF OUR KOREA 
MISSION. 

A subject of special interest and inquiry 
at Phyong-yang (Pyeng Yang) was mission 
work as carried on by American mission- 
aries. At Seoul it is far more difficult to 
get into touch with it, as, being older, it 
has naturally more of religious convention- 
ality. But I will take this opportunity of 
saying that longer and more intimate 
acquaintance only confirmed the high 
opinion I early formed of the large body of 
missionaries in Seoul, of their earnestness 
and devotioQ to their work, of the ener- 
getic, hopeful and patient spirit in which it is 
carried on, of the harmony prevailing 
among the different denominations, and the 
cordial and sympathetic feeling toward the 
Koreans. The interest of many of the 
missionaries in Korean history, folk-lore and 
customs, as evidenced by the pages of the 
valuable monthly, the Korean Repository \ is 
also very admirable, and a traveler in Korea 
must apply to them for information vainly 
sought elsewhere. 

Christian missions were at first unsuc- 
cessful in Phyong-yang (Pyeng Yang). It 
was a very rich and very immoral city. 
More than once it turned out some of the 
missionaries and rejected Christianity with 
much hostility. Strong antagonism pre- 
vailed, the city was thronged with gesang, 
courtesans and sorcerers, and was notorious 
for its wealth and infamy. The Methodist 
Mission was broken up for a time, and in 
six years the Presbyterians only numbered 
twenty -nine converts. Then came the war, 
the destruction of Phyong-yang, its deser- 
tion by its inhabitants, the ruin of its trade, 
the reduction of its population from 60,000 
or 70,000 to 15,000, and the flight of the 
few Christians. 

Since the war there has been a very great 
change. There had been twenty-eight 
baptisms, and some of the most notorious 
evil livers among the middle classes, men 
shunned by other men for their exceeding 
wickedness, were leading pure and righte- 
ous lives. There were 140 catechumens 
under instruction and subject to a long 
period of probation before receiving bap- 
tism, and the temporary church, though 
enlarged during my absence, was so over- 
crowded that many of the worshipers were 



compelled to remain outside. The offerto- 
ries were liberal. In the dilapidated extra- 
mural premises occupied by the missionaries 
thirty men were living for twenty-one days, 
two from each of fifteen villages, all con- 
vinced of the truth of Christianity and 
earnestly receiving instruction in Christian 
fact and doctrine. They were studying for 
six hours daily with teachers, and for a far 
longer time amongst themselves, and had 
meetings for prayer, singing and informal 
talk each evening. I attended three of 
these, and, as Mr. Moffett interpreted for 
me, I was placed in touch with much of 
what was unusual and interesting, and 
learned more of missions in their earlier 
stages than anywhere else. 

Besides the thirty men from the villages, 
the Christians and catechumens from the 
city crowded the room and doorways. Two 
missionaries sat on the floor at one end of 
the room with a kerosene lamp mounted 
securely on two wooden pillars in front of 
them — then there were a few candles on the 
floor, centres of closely packed groups. 
Hymns were howled in many keys to 
familiar tunes, several Koreans prayed, 
bowing their foreheads to the earth in rev- 
erence, after which some gave accounts of 
how the gospel reached their villages, 
chiefly through visits from the few Phyong- 
yang Christians, who were " scattered 
abroad," and then two men, who seemed 
very eloquent, as well as fluent, and riveted 
the attention of all, gave narratives of two 
other men who they believed were possessed 
with devils, and said the devils had been 
driven out a few months previously by 
united prayer, and that the ' ' foul spirits ' ' 
were adjured in the name of Jesus to come 
out, and that the men trembled and turned 
cold as the devils left them, never to return, 
and that both became Christians, along with 
many who saw them. 

A good many men came from distant 
villages one afternoon to ask for Christian 
teaching, and in the evening one after 
another got up and told how a refugee from 
Phyong-yang had come to his village and 
had told them that they were bath wicked 
and foolish to worship demons, and that 
they were wrong -doers, and that there is a 
Lord of heaven who judges wrong-doing, 
but that he is as loving as any father, and 
that they did not know what to think, but 
that in some places twenty and more were 



1898.] 



IMPRESSIONS OF OUR KOREA MISSION. 



11 



meeting daily to worship " the Highest," 
and that many of the women had buried 
the demon fetishes and that they wanted 
some one to go and teach them how to 
worship the true God. 

A young man told how his father, nearly 
eighty year3 old, had met Mr. Moffett by 
the roadside, and, hearing from him " some 
good things," had gone home, saying he 
had heard " good news," " great news," 
and had got " the books," and that he had 
become a Christian, and lived a good life, 



and had called his neighbors together to 
hear the " news," and would not rest till 
his son had come to be taught in the • ' good 
news," and take back a teacher. An 
elderly man, who had made a good living 
by sorcery, came and gave Mr. Moffett the 
instruments of his trade, saying he " had 
served devils all his life, but now he knew 
that they were wicked spirits, and he was 
serving the true God." 

On the same afternoon, four requests for 
Christian teaching came to the missionaries. 




118 



8H1MA.NI8M IN KOREA. 



[August, 



each signed by from fifteen to forty men. 
At all these evening meetings the room was 
crammed within and without by men, 
reverent and earnest in manner, some of 
whom had been shunned for their wicked- 
ness even in a city " the smoke of which " 
in her palmy days was said " to go up like 
the smoke of Sodom," but who, trans- 
formed by a power outside themselves, were 
then leading exemplary lives. There were 
groups in the dark, groups round the can- 
dles on the floor, groups in the doorways, 
and every face was aglow except that of 
poor, bewildered Im. One old man with 
his forehead in the dust prayed like a child 
that, as the letter bearing to New York an 
earnest request for more teachers was on its 
way, " the wind and sea might waft it 
favorably," and that when it was read the 
eyes of the foreigners might be opened " to 
see the sore need of people in a land where 
no one knows anything, and where all 
believe in devils, and are dying in the dark." 
As I looked upon those lighted faces, 
wearing an expression strongly contrasting 
with the dull, dazed look of apathy which 
is characteristic of the Korean, it was 
impossible not to recognize that it was the 
teaching of the apostolic doctrines of sin, 
judgment to come, and divine love which 
had brought about such results, all the more 
remarkable because, according to the mis- 
sionaries, a large majority of those who had 
renounced demon worship, and were living 
in the fear of the true God, had been 
attracted to Christianity in the first instance 
by the hope of gain! This, and almost 
unvarying testimony to the same effect, con- 
firm me in the opinion that when people talk 
of " nations craving for the gospel," 
" stretching out pleading hands for it," or 
" athirst for God," or " longing for the 
living waters," they are using words which 
in that connection have no meaning. That 
there are ' * seekers after righteousness ' ' 
here and there I do not doubt, but I believe 
that the one " craving " of the far East is 
for money— that "unrest" is only in the 
East a synonym for poverty, and that the 
spiritual instincts have yet to be created." 
— From "Korea and Its Neighbors." 

SHAMANISM IN KOREA. 

The following from the latest book of 
Mrs. Bishop is in evidence that demon wor- 



ship and the sorceries of professional shamans 
or sorcerers are prevalent in Korea as in 
all countries of Northern Asia. 

" On returning from a service in the 
afternoon where there were crowds of bright, 
intelligent-looking worshipers, we came 
upon one of the most important ceremonies 
connected with the popular belief in demons 
— the exorcism of an evil spirit which was 
supposed to be the cause of a severe illness. 
Never by night or day on my two visits to 
Phyong-yang had I been out of hearing of 
the roll of the sorcerer's drum, with the 
loud vibratory clash of cymbals as an inter- 
mittent accompaniment. Such sounds 
attracted U3 to the place of exorcism. 

"In a hovel with an open door a man lay 
very ill. The space in front was matted 
and enclosed by low screens, within which 
were Korean tables loaded with rice cakes, 
boiled rice, stewed chicken, sprouted beans 
and other delicacies. In this open space 
squatted three old women, two of whom beat 
large drums shaped like hour-glasses, while 
the third clashed large cymbals. Facing 
them was the mu-tang or sorceress, dressed 
in rose- pink silk, with a buff gauze robe, 
with its sleeves trailing much on the ground 
over it. Pieces of paper resembling the 
Shinto gohei decorated her hair, and a 
curious cap of buff gauze with red patches 
upon it completed the not inelegant cos- 
tume. She carried a fan, but it was only 
used occasionally in one of the dances. She 
carried over her left shoulder a stick, 
painted with bands of bright colors, from 
which hung a gong which she beat with a 
similar stick, executing at the same time a 
slow rhythmic movement accompanied by a 
chant. From time to time one of the an- 
cient drummers gathered on one plate pieces 
from all the others and scattered them to 
the four winds for the spirits to eat, invok- 
ing them, saying, ' Do not trouble this 
house any more, and we will again appease 
you by offerings.' 

' * The mu tang is, of course, according to 
the belief of those who seek her services, 
possessed by a powerful demon, and by 
means of her incantations might induce this 
demon to evict the one which was causing 
the sickness by aiding her exorcisms, but 
where the latter is particularly obstinate 
she may require larger fees and more offer- 
ings in order that she may use incantations 
for bringing to her aid a yet more powerful 



1898.] 



MISSIONARY TACT. 



119 



Miiiiii/'T''' « 



imwtimiiiiUi 




*•* 




Temple of God of Literature, Mukden. 

From Korea and Her Neighbors. Copyright, 1897, by F. H. He veil Co. 



demon than her own. The exorcism lasted 
fourteen hours, until four the next morning, 
when the patient began to recover. A 
crowd, chiefly composed of women and 
children, stood round the fence, the children 
imbibing devilry from their infancy." 



MISSIONARY TACT. 

In a little book just placed in the hands 
of Revell & Co., Dr. H. H. Jessup gives 
an interesting history of a young Moslem 
convert to Christianity, who first called upon 
him in Beirut in 1890, as an inquirer con- 
cerning the truths of the gospel. This 
young man, exposed as any Moslem convert 
must be, to persecution and death, survived 
about two years after his conversion, which 
was clear and positive, and in many respects 
remarkable. 

After he had been thoroughly grounded 
in the truth as it is in Jesus, he made the 
acquaintance of Rev. Mr. Cantine of the 
Reformed Church Mission in Arabia, and 
joined that mission at Aden as an assistant 
of Mr. Cantine and Mr. Zweemer. The 
field of his labor lay along the coast of 



Arabia from Aden to Busrah, which finally 
became the objective point of his principal 
labors. 

Without anticipating the thrilling story of 
his life soon to be given to the public, we 
wish to call attention to one particular ele- 
ment in his character and work, and that was 
his remarkable tact, especially in dealing 
with bigoted Moslems. We have never 
known a more devoted and truly apostolic 
spirit than this young man manifested 
from first to last. He was strongly and 
even bitterly opposed by his father, to whom 
throughout he showed the greatest rever- 
ence. And everywhere, as might be 
expected in a fanatical country like Arabia, 
he met with opposition, and yet so skillful 
was he in his treatment of the issues between 
Islam and Christianity, that he disarmed 
prejudice and won the admiration even 
where he could not the conviction of the 
followers of the crescent. He presented an 
admirable example to missionaries in all 
lands in the thorough knowledge which he 
acquired of the errors to be overcome. He 
carefully studied the teachings of the 
Koran, frequently choosing from it his 



120 



CONCILIATORY MEASURES OF THE INDIA GOVERNMENT. 



[August, 



texts for conversations and discourses. For 
example, the high character which the 
Koran gave to Christ and the prophets, its 
quotation of many truths of the Old Testa- 
ment. Moslems were astonished when he 
quoted to them these passages, reasoning as 
the apostles reasoned with the Jews, out of 
their own Scriptures. Then when he had 
thus opened the way and had broken down 
the stiff incrustations of prejudice he brought 
forward the truth of God's love in Christ, 
and urged it home with such affectionate, 
prayerful and earnest spirit that men came 
to him again and again to hear more. The 
arguments with which he met his father's 
objections in an extended correspondence 
showed a studious mind and a clear reason- 
ing power, but greatest of all was the glow 
and warmth of his love and the tenderness 
and patience with which he met even abuse 
and the direst threats. 

At last the Turkish authorities at Busrah 
took the case in hand, and in the month of 
June, 1892, he died, as was supposed, from 
poison. His room was closed and sealed. 
No opportunity was given for an autopsy. 
Christian burial, which he desired, was 
denied. He was buried according to 
Mohammedan rites, and the place of sepul- 
ture was carefully concealed and to this day 
is unknown. 

Two or three salient results have followed 
this remarkable career of a Christian's 
experience and activity. 1. Multitudes of 
Moslems, however unwilling, were persuaded 
even against their will to learn the truth as 
it is in Jesus Christ, and there is left on 
record the masterly argument used by the 
son with the father in favor of the gospel. 
2. As already indicated, a most salutary 
example has been left to all who would win 
souls to Christ, whether at home or abroad, 
and besides, no one can read the history of 
this life without regarding it as a most 
profitable means of grace. 3. It is in evi- 
dence that no type of retrenched error and 
apostasy is proof against the power of the 
truth of God and his Holy Spirit. 



CONCILIATORY MEASURES OF 
THE INDIA GOVERNMENT. 
Now that the military have done their 
work, every means should be employed to 
bring about a friendly feeling. It is a relief 
to a man who considers himself injured to 
be able to state his grievances. No satis- 



factory answer yet appears to have been 
made as to the real causes of the recent 
outbreaks. The best plan would be to get 
independent testimony from representatives 
of the leading tribes throughout the whole 
frontier. When tne exact truth was known, 
measures for their pacification could be 
adopted with greater prospects of success. 

There have been feuds between the fron- 
tier tribes as well as raids upon British 
territory. Their strongest argument against 
giving up their arms was that their enemies 
might take them at a disadvantage. It 
would be good, on this account, for repre- 
sentatives of the principal tribes to meet — 
perhaps for the first time in their history. 
They might be invited as government guests 
in Peshawar, comfortably lodged and well 
fed for a week. Hospitality is one of the 
chief Afghan virtues. The political officials 
of the frontier districts might be invited to 
meet them, and they could discuss together 
supposed grievances and how to remedy 
them. Good opportunities would thus be 
afforded for the tribal representatives and 
the politicals to become acquainted with 
each other. 

Before leaving, they might meet at a 
durbar held by Sir William Mackworth 
Young, when they might be advised that it 
was much better for them to till their fields 
and tend their cattle than to be employed 
in shooting each other or Europeans. The 
Rajputs, who sixty years ago all went 
armed, but have given up their weapons, 
might be held up as an example for the 
Afridis, " to beat their swords into plough- 
shares and their spears into pruning hooks." 

[Dr. Murdoch's letter should be com- 
pared with a striking article by Dr. Arthur 
Neve, our medical missionary at Srinagar, 
which appears in the C. M. Gleaner for 
this month. Dr. Neve says: " I venture 
to say that half a dozen capable, earnest 
medical missionaries, speaking the lan- 
guage of the people, sympathizing with 
them, visiting their villages, partaking of 
their hospitality, and healing their sick, 
would do more for the prevention of inter- 
tribal and frontier wars than half a dozen 
forts and as many brigades of soldiers." 
In particular, he advocates the establishment 
of a medical mission at Chitral, as soon as 
the road is open for unofficial travelers. — 
Ed.] — Church Missionary Intelligencer, 
April, 1898. 



1898.] 



REFLEX ADVANTAGES OF FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



121 



Concert of Prayer 
For Church Work Abroad. 



-The Reflex Advantages of Foreign 
Missions. 

(a) Deepened spirituality in the home church. 

(&) Promotion of self-denial and catholicity. 

(c) Apologetic support of the Christian system. 

(d) Encouragement to Christian faith. 

(e) Development of trade and scientific knowledge. 



KEFLEX ADVANTAGES OF FOR- 
EIGN MISSIONS. 

(a) Deepened Spirituality in the Home 
Church. — The testimony of the distin- 
guished English Baptist divine, Rev. 
Andrew Fuller, is so well known as scarcely 
to need repeating. It is to the effect that 
his people, even the most genuine of his 
professing Christians were low-spirited and 
dubious in regard to their good estate, until 
the new gospel of foreign missions began to 
be preached by Carey and others and the 
thoughts of the Baptist churches were 
turned away from themselves to the great 
Christ-like service of winning the benighted 
nations to a world-embracing salvation. 
With the new enthusiasm of a blood- 
redeemed humanity, the pious selfishness 
which had only dug at the one introverted 
question of a personal election to the heri- 
tage of sovereign grace gave way, was ven- 
tilated, purified and expanded into a love 
for all souls whom Christ had loved. 

Mr. Fuller gives us some idea of the 
cramped and repressive theology which had 
prevailed in his time, when he tells us that 
when, as a youthful inquirer after the way 
of life, he timidly approached his pastor for 
instruction, he was rather held aloof until 
his spiritual guide could feel greater assur- 
ance that he was a chosen vessel of mercy. 

The pastor dreaded the presumption of 
possibly anticipating the work of the Holy 
Spirit! Prof. Edward Caird has pointed 
out the fact that the historic life of the 
Church has alternated between subjective 
and objective extremes, between mysticism 
and pietism on the one hand, and the out- 
ward form, ritual or work which has char- 
acterized certain branches of the Church on 
the other. Romanism is naturally and 
characteristically an objective cult. It is a 
religion of observances, tasks, outward ap- 



pliances, priestly or otherwise, and yet there 
have been schools of mystics and pietists in 
the Catholic communion, and it can number 
its hosts of undoubted saints. The Protes- 
tantism of a hundred years ago was carried 
to an extreme of subjectivity. The main 
question concerned what one believed, how 
he felt, the evidence he had of his calling 
and election as a child of God, diaries of 
personal progress in divine knowledge 
abounded, religious services were experience 
meetings — not missionary, but mainly per- 
sonal and piously selfish. 

In principle the same mistake had been 
made before, though in different ways. The 
Pharisees had been equally absorbed in per- 
sonal concerns, in minute observances, 
prayers, and tithings and hair-splitting 
prohibitions, but had shown no zeal to 
relieve the abounding distresses of their 
fellow-men. In the ascetic idleness of the 
early Christian Church there had been the 
same fatal defect. Personal penances and 
mortifications, carried on for years, how 
could they lift the burdens of humanity or 
enlighten the darkness of heathen nations ? 
With Protestants, on the other hand, the 
extreme emphasis which controversy had 
put upon certain doctrines had narrowed the 
practical scope of the gospel. Though 
scarcely conscious of the fact, the Church 
had handicapped even the Great Commis- 
sion of our Lord by exaggerated ideas of 
the divine sovereignty as shown, for exam- 
ple, by that cautious divine who publicly 
declared that it would be time enough to 
send missionaries to the heathen when God 
should reveal his purpose to call them into 
his kingdom. Even in our own land there 
were hampers put upon the grace of God 
and the free offers of his salvation. Men 
must be converted in a certain way and 
after certain types of deep conviction. 
Children could not be encouraged to actually 
take a stand for Christ and be admitted to 
church communion till they should attain to 
manhood and womanhood. 

The change that has been ushered in with 
the missionary era is past all computation. 
What occurred in Andrew Fuller's congre- 
gation has occurred everywhere throughout 
Christendom. The joy which chased away 
the gloom of his desponding saints, when 
they began to say, like the first Christian 
converts " What wilt thou have me to do — 
to do for others than myself ? ' ' has been 



122 



REFLEX ADVANTAGES OF FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



[August, 



learned as a blessed secret by thousands 
and myriads of believers. 

It must be confessed that Roman Catholics 
learned thi3 secret quite as early as Pro- 
testants; indeed, they led the advance into 
the great mission fields. Even the monas- 
tic brotherhoods and sisterhoods have for- 
saken consecrated idleness for various lines 
of benevolent activity. The Celtic monks 
of Bangor and Iona were perhaps the first 
to make missions their great and enthusi- 
astic aim, and they became a power not 
only in Britain, but on the continent. 

In the missionary work of this closing 
century the Church has learned that the 
highest spirituality is not to be attained by 
prohibition, self-restriction, or mortification, 
but by earnest, sympathetic, Christ-like 
activity. Love to God is never jealous of 
our love to our fellow -men. Piety is not 
injured by an admixture of true philan- 
thropy. Nay, the piety that can carefully 
gird up its punctilious sacredness and pass 
by on the other side is worse than the phil- 
anthropy which makes no professions but 
actually heals the wounds of suffering 
humanity. Nevertheless the highest, the 
only perfect philanthropy, is that which 
not only gives the cup of water, but gives 
it in Christ's name. 

The late Prof. Drummond, in one of the 
discourses published in " The Ideal Life," 
particularizes some of the reasons why it 
was "expedient for his disciples" that 
Christ " should go away." In the body he 
could not be present to comfort one of ten 
thousand of his people, and the difficulty 
felt in the sorrowful home at Bethany would 
be widespread. And this great world-wide 
need would be met by the Omnipresent 
Comforter, who still should represent him. 
And there is another way in which he would 
meet the wants of his Church representa- 
tively rather than by his actual personal 
presence. And this fact he pointed out. 
Not only the Holy Spirit was to represent 
him, but also those for whom he had died, 
his "little ones," his poor ones, his benighted 
ones— all those other sheep who should 
believe on him through the words of his 
disciples. Whosoever should minister to 
" one of the least of these " would 
practically minister to him, and to neglect 
these would be a guilty and ungrateful 
neglect of him. 

This great truth then, which it is strange 



that the Church has not always recognized, 
viz., that Christ is closely bound up with 
all darkened and suffering humanity, and 
that the most successful way to find him is 
to seek for him and minister to him in the 
most needy — this truth missions, all mis- 
sions, have taught the Church clearly and 
with emphasis. 

Much is said and written in our day about 
being filled with the Spirit. " Spirit- 
filled " is a pithy phrase which represents a 
most earnest type of religious thought. It 
is well if coupled with the missionary spirit, 
and is thus saved from an undue self- con- 
sciousness. 

Blessed is he who through the Spirit finds 
Christ as a constant indwelling guest in his 
heart, and he is still more blessed if he has 
learned to find Christ in every humblest 
soul for whom he has died and who may 
yet dwell as a glorified spirit at his right 
hand. That is the highest piety which has 
come to share and exercise the all-embracing 
love of Redemption. 

(b) As for self-denial, there can be no 
greater exercise of it than in the true and 
consecrated effort of the Church in the cause 
of foreign missions. To give to the beggar 
at our door may be a matter of momentary 
sympathy. To promote worthy objects 
nearer home, in the interests of our own 
community or our own land, is always wor- 
thy and noble, but our own welfare is so 
intimately connected with that of our 
neighbors and fellow-countrymen, so surely 
are we affected by every good influence that 
concerns the welfare of the commonwealth, 
that we cannot act in pure disinterested- 
ness, even though we are unconscious of any 
taint of selfishness. But when the Church 
sends her sons and daughters to the ends of 
the earth to seek the salvation of thousands 
whom she will never see, of whom she only 
knows that they are more or less degraded, 
from whom she can expect no earthly 
return, she touches the very highest grade 
of disinterestedness. And this is just why 
foreign missions seem to sordid worldly 
minds so unspeakably absurd. " To send 
so much money out of the country," to 
yield up one's own children to lives of toil 
for those low-down people, " who are not 
worth the outlay," this is the incomprehen- 
sible thing. It is not the way the world does 
business; it reveals a cracked brain or a 
screw 7 loose somewhere. " Hard-headed 



1898.] 



REFLEX ADVANTAGES OF FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



123 



business men do not take any stock in it;" 
it relies mainly on the emotional suscepti- 
bilities of women or on men far gone in 
fanaticism. 

Yes, it is an unearthly enterprise. It does 
not conform to any known principles of 
political economy or international law. Its 
kingdom is not of this world. It borrows 
its motives from heaven and the sanctions of 
the world to come. It receives its orders 
from no State departments, but from One 
who lived nineteen centuries ago and whose 
kingdom is an everlasting kingdom. 

Of course, a work whose motives rest on 
the broad interests of eternity and whose 
plans encompass the earth must tend to 
catholicity of spirit. It breaks over all 
provincial boundaries, all narrowness of 
sects. Lord Macaulay's remark that in 
India, where men worshiped cattle, the differ- 
ences of the Christian sects seemed absurd 
and out of place, expressed the sentiment 
quite generally entertained by missionaries 
and all others who become deeply interested 
in their work. Even transient visitors to 
the mission fields, as they see the Boards and 
Societies of the Christian world laboring side 
by side amid the widespread darkness that 
surrounds them, are impressed by the 
oneness of the great conquests for Christ, and 
often upon their return homeward they 
contemplate the divisions and strife of sect 
with a sort of shame. It has become a 
common maxim that the cause of Christian 
union has made its greatest advances on the 
mission field. 

But the spirit of catholicity — at least of 
charity — has been carried to a still wider 
application by the work ©f missions. There 
is a broader sentiment of respect toward 
the heathen than was felt even fifty years 
ago— more of a disposition to give them 
credit for the grains and fragments of truth 
found in their ethical systems. The Chris- 
tian world knows better than formerly what 
the more advanced heathen systems really 
are, and more of tact and a proper concilia- 
tion is now observed in missionary methods. 
Sir W. W. Hunter, in alluding to this 
favorable change, has well said that there is 
the same difference in spirit that there was 
between Peter at Joppa and Paul on Mars 
Hill. We have ceased to regard the 
heathen as four-footed beasts and creeping 
things after the manner of Peter's vision. 
We rather respect them and quote their own 



poets as Paul quoted Oratus, and, pointing 
to their altars blindly reared to unknown 
gods, we say with the wise and ever-tactful 
Paul, ' ' Whom ye ignorantly worship declare 
we unto you." 

(c) But perhaps the most important of 
all the reflex influences of the foreign mis- 
sionary work is the practical contribution 
which it has made to Christian apologetics. 
This is an age of bold theories and scientific 
hypotheses. The science of biology has 
analyzed every fibre and tissue of the 
human frame, and has come to discuss men- 
tal and moral acts and hereditary character 
in terms of cells and brain convolutions 
and the gray matter of the nerves. Ages 
have been assigned for the slow and imper- 
ceptible changes which have appeared in the 
character of men and races. Evolution 
has proceeded by broad social forces which 
seemed to work by a law of their own and 
without much regard to human purposes 
and human efforts, and what seems to be 
race culture has proceeded and can proceed 
only by the slowest increments appearing 
in a succession of generations. " Don't 
look for any improvement in savages," 
science would say, " except by the slowest 
processes, and such as are marked by 
improvements in the size and shape of the 
skull." But what has the work of Chris- 
tian missions to say on this subject ? What 
has been its record all within our own time ? 
In how many instances, including many 
tribes and all kinds of climate and envi- 
ronment, have marvelous transformations 
been wrought in whole populations and that 
within the lifetime of a single missionary ! 

As I write, I am sitting within half a 
mile of the tomb of the Sandwich Island 
boy, Henry Obookiah, who died at Cornwall, 
Conn., in 1818. What changes have come 
over his countrymen since that time. It is 
needless to enlarge upon the transformations 
which have been wrought by God's Spirit — 
in the New Hebrides and Fiji, at Metla- 
kahtla, or in the early history of Sierra 
Leone, in Uganda, or South Africa, or 
Japan, or Korea. Well-informed readers 
of missionary literature will recall multi- 
tudes of proofs of the divine power of God's 
regenerating Spirit. 

In long- settled Christian lands men may 
evade this strong testimony. They may 
ascribe the conversion of men to habit, to 
the long seed- sowing of education, to sur- 



124 



GLEANINGS FROM HAINAN. 



[August, 



rounding Christian sentiment, but on 
heathen soil, where all antecedents were the 
rudest and vilest, where but yesterday men 
ate each other and were tormented by the 
dread of evil spirits and the witchcraft of 
their best friends — on heathen soil there 
can be no resort to such evasions ; the wis- 
dom of God and the power of God are 
manifest beyond all question. Practically 
the faith of the Christian Church is staked 
upon her missionary work. This work has 
been undertaken and is still carried for- 
ward on the clear and unequivocal doctrines 
of grace, an incarnate, crucified and 



Letters. 



GLEANINGS FROM HAINAN. 

From Letter of Rev. P. W. McClintock, 
March 14, 1898. 

One of our native Christians has written an 
article on the giving of our means to the Lord and 
his work, illustrating his meaning by the example of 
some one in northern China, who, though possessed 
of large wealth, gave it all to the Lord. The article 
has made an impression especially on a rich (or 
fairly well-to-do) merchant in Namiong. The 
same idea must be working among our people, for 
there has been but little of the talk of former years 
in asking us to support the children in school, feed- 
ing and educating them without charge, and instead 
some who have never before offered a cash for their 
children's board have promised this year to pay 
either in whole or in part and the school free list 
is now reduced to six ; all the rest pay, if not all, at 
least a good portion of the cost of their support. 
Of course now we are working under a disadvantage 
in that the price of rice is twice as high as ordina- 
rily. But that the people are willing to give and 
willing to recognize that it is their duty and privi- 
lege to give is encouraging. We visited the villages 
during the holiday season and everywhere met with 
kind receptions and were enabled to leave behind 
us some remembrance of our visit either in meet- 
ings held, books on Christianity or in personal work 
among the few who were willing to talk on salva- 
tion in Christ. We were glad to be invited into 
villages where heretofore the foreigners and their 
doctrine have been rigidly excluded. Some time 
ago the medical student came to me and had a long 
talk about his grandfather who has always been a 
very pronounced enemy of the church, asking that 
we especially pray for the old man and his wife, and 
that together with him and his family we continue 



risen Saviour, a vicarious salvation, a super- 
natural conversion and sanctification of 
human souls, civilized or uncivilized, by an 
omnipotent Spirit, a divine work of redemp- 
tion embracing all nations; these are the 
firm foundations on which the work of 
missions stands. Whatever of rationalistic 
interpretation or theological compromises 
may obtain elsewhere, only a pronounced 
adherence to the belief in a strictly super- 
natural salvation can sustain the work of 
foreign missions. That work must continue 
to be the test and the measure of spiritual 
life in the Church. 



in prayer until the man is brought to Christ. So 
every day in our daily prayer meetings we have 
been remembering them and Chinese- like have 
watched every act and especially their treatment 
of us in the hope that we would see something indi- 
cating a change of heart. They have been espe- 
cially nice in their treatment of us lately, and last 
Sunday the oldest son' s wife came to church for the 
first time, and it is not so very long ago that this 
same woman said that if her son brought his wife 
to the hospital to be treated, she would disown him. 
This same son is, Nicodemus-like, an inquirer, and 
says that he is a Christian and is trying to live a 
Christian life, but has not yet entered the church, 
although he identifies himself with the Christians 
constantly. He is a graduate and a young man 
of considerable ability and force. Unless the 
grandfather relents and himself enters the church, 
this young man's position is very difficult, for the 
fear of being disinherited is constantly held over 
his head. 

School has opened with about the same attend- 
ance as last year, but with even brighter prospects 
in regard to self-support. That the school may 
become self-supporting I have been carefully con- 
sidering the industrial feature. I have come to the 
conclusion that an agricultural industrial depart- 
ment offers the best solution, for the trades are 
held in disrepute, while agriculture is highly 
honored, even the emperor going out once a year 
and turning a furrow. The agricultural knowledge 
of the people extends only to the planting and care 
of their rice and sugar-cane fields. Scarcely any of 
the uplands are cultivated. My idea is that a field 
might be rented (not bought), and that cotton, 
pepper, spices and coffee be planted, the school- 
boys to do the work, the proceeds to go toward 
paying for their education. Of course there is in- 
cidentally a philanthropic feature, for I would hope 
to see the natives obtain a knowledge how to raise 



1898.] 



MOSLEM AGAINST MOSLEM. 



125 



these things and thus in a measure alleviate their 
present hard condition. The principal idea is not 
that, however, but is to teach the boys more thor- 
oughly self-dependence, to assist in putting down false 
ideas of pride, and to encourage and enable boys to 
work out their own education, making them feel 
that their education is not wholly or in part given 
to them, but that they earn it. Before going any 
further in the matter, I am anxious to have the 
benefit of your advice and experience. I have not 
as yet proposed the plan to the mission, but those 
of us who are in Nodoa have discussed it freely and 
I believe that all are in sympathy with it. I am 
glad to say that I believe that the influence in the 
school is decidedly Christian and all credit for this 
encouraging feature in so far as it is due to human 
agencies is due to Mr. Melrose. We need an older 
Chinese preacher badly, but the Christian teacher 
and the school- boys with perhaps one or two excep- 
tions are doing nobly in the help they give in look- 
ing after the services and the spiritual interests of 
the school. 

MOSLEM AGAINST MOSLEM. 

Extracts from Letter of Mrs. B. S. Hawkes, 

Hamadan, March 31, 1898. 

There has been evident a new alertness in regard 
to our work. It has shown itself in a number of 
ways. Dr. Wilson has felt it in her calls among 
Moslems. 

A little Moslem girl was taken into the school 
at the urgent request of her father, who even 
brought the child's mother — who had been divorced 
and married to another man — to sign the paper re- 
quired from parents of pupils. A day or two 
afterwards a message came begging that she be 
given up, as the father had been threatened. She 
was of course immediately given to her father, but 
in spite of that he was very severely bastinadoed. 
When he reluctantly took her away, he said, 
' ' Well, she has had a day or two of happiness any- 
how." 

The postmaster sent Dr. Wilson a message, say- 
ing that the Virgin Mary had appeared to him in 
a dream telling him "to warn Wilson that if she 
did not stop turning away the women from their 
faith, a dreadful fate would overtake her." 

A few weeks ago, some retainers of a noted rob- 
ber who had been fired from a cannon's mouth by 
the Salar-i-Saltaneh in Kermanshah fled here and 
took lodging in a caravanserai near the house of 
one Saiid Mohamet who had come to Hamadan to 
win fame by his zeal for Islam. Word was tele- 
graphed from Kermanshah to the Ameer to secure 
the goods these men had carried off, which he pro- 
ceeded to do. The Mullah incited the crowd to go 



to Sheverine and demand the goods, on the ground 
that the men had taken refuge with him. The old 
cry ' ' Yah Ali ' ' once again rent the air, and as it 
was evident that mischief was intended the goods 
were forthwith sent to the Mullah, who subse- 
quently let the robbers go on their way in peace. 

But all pales when compared with the events 
which occurred between February 22 and 25. We 
have seen high-handed doings and wild outbursts 
in years past, but nothing comparable to this. 
Tuesday afternoon, February 22, shops were hast- 
ily closed and men flocked to the quarter of the 
city beyond Mr. Watson's house. The principal 
man among the Sheikhees had been ordered by 
the ecclesiastic mentioned above not to come to 
the mosque, although he had been accustomed to 
lead the prayers there. Having gone that day, 
as he was leaving, some people began making 
insulting sounds, and one snatched the turban 
from the head of a wealthy merchant and ele- 
vated it on a pole. One of the followers of the 
Sheikhee Mullah, drawing a pistol, fired and 
wounded a Saiid. "Cry havoc! and let slip the 
dogs of war ! " In an instant they were fighting, 
Moslem against Moslem. Several men were 
wounded and a few killed that evening. All ortho- 
dox Moslems, it was said. Two or three houses of 
the Sheikhees were looted, one just on the edge of 
the Armenian quarter. Next morning early they 
began on the warehouse of one of the wealthiest 
men in the city, a Sheikhee. Several hours were 
required for carrying off the plunder. Those who 
laid hold of spoil were not sure of getting to a 
place of safety, as they were liable to be met, de- 
spoiled and wounded on the way home. Mean- 
while a number of Sheikhees were killed, the body 
of one being afterward burned. Others have since 
been burned before life was extinct. Villagers 
poured in and j Dined the rabble and hour after 
hour the desperate work went on. 

Our name saved the house in which the Jewish 
girls' school was last year. When they had fin- 
ished the one opposite, they turned to this, but the 
people came out and said, ' ' This is a Frangee 
school, you have no work here," and they went 
away. Going to the house of another Jewish 
Bahall, the mob was diverted once, but went a 
second time and cleaned it out. Mirza Daniels' 
being next door, they began on that, but to the 
credit of his Moslem neighbors be it told that one 
came on the roof armed with a gun, another stood 
in the yard with drawn sword, and they kept the 
mob at bay. However, the cellar was plundered. 

On Thursday the Ameer' s soldiers were stationed 
in the bazaars (many of them the very men who 
had been making off with booty the day before). 



126 



LETTERS FROM BRAZIL. 



[August, 



Orders were given that the shops be opened and 
business go on as usual, but excitement ran too high 
and it was some time before a semblance of quiet 
was restored. This is how they celebrated the feast 
of Fitr and Washington's Birthday which fell on 
the same day this year. The man who is "the 
head and front of this offending " said plainly in the 
great mosque, ' ' You did well, your reward is with 
God. I am with you. But now wait until we see 
how it will be." Some weeks ago he said, " I 
have three things to do in this city," and since the 
occurrences of these days, " one work is finished, 
two remain." 

Several of the men driven from house and home 
were friends of ours, but even were they not our 
hearts would bleed at the recital of the horrors en- 
acted. Eight or ten bodies of the slain on the 
orthodox side were taken to the mosque and lay in 
state for a day or two. Some of those on the other 
side were thrown into the yard of the plundered, 
deserted house of their chief Mullah and even 
their nearest and dearest dared not identify them- 
selves with them by taking them away for burial 
unless at dead of night. The fate that befell Jeze- 
bel's body was the fate of some. 

The city has been divided into three sections and 
assigned to three prominent men to guard with such 
forces as they have, while report says that troops 
are coming from all directions. Friday evening 
the Ameer sent the chief man of his guard to the 
Faith Hubbard School to assure the ladies that 
that part of the city, being under his special care, 
he was at their service day or night, should they 
need to call him. 

FKOM LETTER OF C. E. B1XLER, LAREN- 
GEIRAS, BRAZIL, MARCH 30, 1898. 

I have just returned from a trip of sixteen days 
to the interior of the State, riding on horseback 
about 225 miles and preaching sixteen times. Re- 
ceived five persons on profession of their faith in 
Christ and baptized three children. One or two 
others who wished to profess, I advised to wait un- 
til a later visit. I reached home on Saturday and 
on Sunday following received two more on profes- 
sion here in Larengeiras. 

I secured an entrance into one new town where 
Romanism has hitherto reigned supreme. Found 
nearly a dozen persons who heard the word gladly, 
and about half of these are intensely interested. 
The outlook here is encouraging. My entrance was 
not pleasing to many who are held firmly in the 
power of Rome, but no attack was made upon us. 
In another town where they hate the very name of 
Protestant I hope soon to conduct services in the 
house of the chief of police. 



EXTRACT FROM LETTER OF THE REV. 
J. B. KOLB, DATED BAHIA, BRAZIL, 

MAY 30, 1898. 

I write to give you a bit of cheering news. May 
1G I left home to visit our brethren in the interior 
of this State in Sta. Luzia, Villa Nova and Banan- 
eiras. 

At Sta. Luzia two persons were received on pro- 
fession of their faith and two children were baptized. 
At Villa Nova two persons were received on pro- 
fession, and at Bananeiras five were received and 
three children baptized, making in all nine persons 
received and five children baptized. The last five 
mentioned passed through a fiery trial. They had 
been examined and were to have been baptized 
during the evening service of Sabbath, 22d of May. 
Just as I was beginning the service at seven P. M., 
a band of men made their appearance in front of 
the house, shouting and carrying on. A group of 
three or four armed men forced themselves into the 
house. They began to take vengeance upon us, but 
by this time some of the brethren had armed them- 
selves with clubs and were able to drive them out ; 
but not without some bloodshed. Two of our people 
were badly wounded and two of the other side. 
After they had been driven out we all left the 
house, whereupon they returned with greater fury, 
breaking down the door and smashing things 
generally. They tried to set fire to the house, but 
were hindered. I found refuge in the house of a 
believer, where I remained over night. The next 
night we gathered together in a farmhouse to finish 
the service begun the night before. No one was 
absent. They all were firm and true. The be- 
lievers all were blest in the affliction. The devil 
sought to do harm to the cause, but thank the Lord 
he did not gain his point. The police authorities 
here promised us every guarantee. May it all be 
for the glory of the name of the Lord. 

Now the cause of this assualt is said to have been 
the following. Some months ago a woman died 
full of faith and love for the Lord Jesus Christ. 
She was buried in the only graveyard of the village 
where the attack occurred. This came to the ears 
of the vicar, who came to the village and preached 
against the sacrilege and against the Protestants. 
He, knowing of our visit, sent word to a friend of 
his to gather his people together in order to drive 
us out. Which was done. 

I have been in scenes of the same sort before, 
but this last was the most savage and violent of any. 
As a gentleman said to me two days after, " You 
may thank God that you escaped with your life." 
I do thank the Lord. He is good and kind. 
Blessed be his holy name. Our brethren who were 
wounded, one with a knife and the other with a 



1898.] 



FROM ANGOM — FROM KOREA. 



127 



club, will get well. The first mentioned had a very 
narrow escape, since his wound was about an inch 
above his heart. When I saw the blood running 
down his garments and he said, "I am cut," I 
thought he was mortally wounded. May it all re- 
dound to the glory of the Lord and the advance- 
ment of his cause and kingdom. 

Last evening, Monday, after our concert of 
prayer, one of the elders, a master stonemason, 
handed me a package, saying that it was a thank 
offering to the Lord, and that I should use it as I 
thought best in the work of the Lord. This 
brother had just completed a large building and 
received, beyond his wages, a present from the 
company, in recognition of his fidelity ; and so from 
this present he had reserved 200 milreis or about 
$35. This brother has shown for many years a 
most beautiful Christian spirit. 

FROM LETTER OF DR. BENNETT, 
ANGOM, APRIL 16, 1898. 
Dr. Friend had not been able to start the fitting 
up of dispensary, so it made the first week very 
busy, but with the help of Mr. Dunning we have 
now a well- fitted dispensary and operating room in 
the new addition. During the twenty days since 
opening the dispensary, 138 new cases have been 
treated, sixty-nine revisits and 207 prescriptions 
refilled. Two weeks ago I went for one day on a 
medical itinerating trip in the boat "Chain" 
down the Como river, treating thirty-nine sick 
people and telling the simple gospel story to the 
people on the island of "Nengenenge" and other 
towns. Last Friday I again went off itinerating, 
treating twenty- two sick and preaching in four 
different towns. It is a great joy to me to be able to 
now use the language to tell a few gospel truths, even 
though imperfectly, for I believe that each bottle 
and dose of medicine should have a spiritual label. 
It was on my itinerating trip to Nengenenge that a 
Mr. Samuels, a native trader, told me that only 
four days before the people at a near town named 
' { Olunda ' ' had killed and eaten a captive man 
of another tribe. An old headman named King 
Kehm confirmed the story and said he would give 
me a man to take me to the town. I started at 
once and soon reached the place, as the tide was 
favorable. The people acted very suspiciously and 
would not talk much. Finally they asked me to 
walk up and sit in the palaver house, which I did. 
The first thing I noticed was a boy about twelve 
years of age, a captive. The lad had a very heavy 
old iron chain shackled round his ankle, the chain 
was then coiled up round his body so that he could 
move around. I was told he was captured with a 



woman from a tribe with whom these people had a 
palaver, and that he must stay chained until re- 
deemed with goods. 

I will not go into unpleasant details, but I saw 
sufficient to convince me that these people were 
cannibals, and that they had quite lately killed a 
victim. I hope to start back again soon to get that 
boy and bring him if possible to the mission. 



FROM REV. SAMUEL A. MOFFETT, 
PYENG YANG, KOREA, APRIL 6, 1898. 

Ever since my arrival a month or so ago I have 
wanted to write to you, but I have been plunged 
into the midst of such a great work, the consider- 
ation of so many questions, and so much respon- 
sibility that the days have been absolutely filled 
with duties demanding immediate attention. 

I wish I could give you some idea of the great joy 
that has come to me over the reception given me by 
these Korean Christians and over the evident mani- 
festations of a deep and real work of the Spirit of 
God in this whole region. 

My heart has been touched as never before by 
the love and interest shown by the Christians. 
Some fifty or sixty of them went out the road to 
meet me as I came from Seoul on my bicycle. I 
rode into the first group of them twenty miles out 
the road where they had gone with some from the 
Choung Hoa Church. From there all the way in 
I found them here and there along the road wait- 
ing for me, and their great joy and the evident 
sincerity of their welcome was, I can assure you, 
most touchingly gratifying to me. What a contrast 
was this ovation to the reception accorded me 
eight years ago ! 

I have been made most grateful, however, by 
finding that almost all of those with whom I had 
labored and whom I had seen come under the in- 
fluence of the gospel have stood firm and shown 
that their faith was in demonstration of the Spirit 
and in power, that they were not our converts, but 
the Lord's, and that the gospel itself had taken hold 
of them. Many have been added to their number 
during my absence, and among them are some who 
formerly had been bitter opponents, with whom I 
had repeatedly talked of the gospel, and who now 
came to me with glad faces saying they wanted to 
take back all the abuse and insult offered me in 
days past. The progress made in the work is a 
perfect delight, and the first night of my arrival, 
as I stood before the audience of some 200 men and 
women gathered for a large prayer meeting, my 
thoughts went back to the time when, but a little over 
five years ago, I here baptized seven men, forming 
them into a little church. 



128 



FROM KOREA. 



[August, 



The first Sabbath after my return I visited the 
four Sabbath- schools and the two church services, 
one for men and one for women, and found between 
six and seven hundred people assembled for worship. 
When I spoke to the congregation of nearly two hun- 
dred women, my heart was full of gratitude, and 
all I could say was " kitpono ! " " kitpono I " "I 
am delighted!" "I am delighted! " Truly the 
Lord has blessed this work most marvel ously. 

All this month I have had a constant run of 
visitors from near and far, expressing their joy over 
my return, and the letters have been pouring in 
from all over the country, so that more and more I 
am learning of the power of the gospel, and of its 
marvelous and widespread influence. It has not 
taken me long to get into the work again, and as 
the direction of the church here with its pastoral 
oversight is the first work assigned to me, I have 
given my first attention to it. The problems which 
confront us now are quite different from those we 
met in the earlier stages of the work, and I trust 
we shall have the same guidance and direction now 
as then in what seems to me one of the most import- 
ant steps before us, viz., the gradual and judicious 
transference of the government and management of 
the native church to those Koreans whom we have 
been and are training to meet the responsibilities of 
leadership. 

We have already taken in hand the question of 
providing a larger church building which is so ur- 
gently needed. Whether the Koreans will be able 
to build the church without assistance is yet to be 
seen, but acting upon the supposition that they are 
to do so, we began on last Sabbath receiving sub- 
scriptions for that purpose. They are responding 
eagerly and liberally, so that in one day the subscrip- 
tions received amounted to three hundred dollars. 

Before leaving New York I spoke to you of my 
brother's offer to provide the funds for the church, 
but we think it best to hold this offer in abeyance 
until we have given the Koreans the opportunity 
to provide for all or as much of it as possible. I was 
much interested in Mr. S peer's remarks on this 
subject, in his report, page 43, and very much wish 
I could have met him to discuss this and many 
other questions. 

With over 600 catechumens and 150 baptized 
members in this city church, the task of providing 
sufficient instruction and spiritual oversight is not 
a light one. The presence of Mr. and Mrs. Baird, 
both of whom have the gift of teaching, is a great 
help in enabling us to provide for some of this, but 
our great need is for well-trained, spiritually 
minded men to constitute a native board of elders, 
who can efficiently bear a part of this responsibility. 

The country work has increased by leaps and 



bounds, and wherever it has had close attention 
from the missionary or from well-trained and well- 
instructed native Christians, it has been kept well 
in hand, but the growth has been so prodigious 
that the force of men available has been totally in- 
adequate to supervise it carefully. I cannot but 
feel that we must provide for more training classes, 
that the leaders may come into more intimate con- 
tact with us, get our spirit and ideas, and be able to 
direct their own people into right channels. 

As to whether we should have one strong central 
station or open one or two new stations, I shall 
have clearer views and convictions after I have 
visited our country work and more clearly grasped 
the present situation, and after we have more com- 
pactly organized our work. I am quite sure, how- 
ever, that our present force will not be sufficient to 
meet the needs of the work one or two years from 
now, unless we should meet with some unexpected 
hindrance to the advance of our work. I shall 
write you again on this subject. 

I have been glad to find Mr. Lee's health as 
good as it is, after the strain of the work through 
which he has been going ; and I rejoice also in the 
way in which Mr. Whittemore has taken up the 
northern work. He is now there expecting to 
spend three months on the field. He has a faithful 
and able assistant in Mr. Yang, and together they 
are seeing that work develop most promisingly, al- 
though more slowly than some other parts. Next 
to the oversight of the church here, the station has 
thought that I could render greatest assistance by 
meeting Mr. Lee's request that we together visit 
the Whang Hai region in order to strengthen and 
direct that wonderful work, which because of its al- 
most magical growth presents some rather difficult 
problems. We expect to leave next week to be 
gone nearly two months, visiting more than fifty 
substations. I shall enjoy writing you after that trip. 

I am rejoiced to be at work again, and am very 
deeply impressed with the genuineness of the work 
here. I cannot but feel that it is due to the fact 
that from the very beginning nothing but the plain 
simple truths of the gospel have been urged upon 
these people, and that these truths have been al- 
lowed to work out their own effects. Oh, how I 
wish it might be emphasized and reemphasized the 
world over that the gospel alone is the power of 
God unto salvation, and that the gospel alone can 
do and does for these people all that it has done 
and does for us. The introduction of other ap- 
peals, based upon financial, educational or other ad- 
vantages which draw the attention from the central 
truth of salvation from sin, weakens the appeal, and 
in so far as they enter into the lives of the people, 
deprive them of spiritual power and strong faith. 



COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES. 




Brookfield College, Brookfielcl, Mo. 



BROOK FIELD COLLEGE. 

HARRY C. MYERS, A.M., PRESIDENT. 

This institution, now under the care of 
Palmyra Presbytery, has been in existence 
since 1880. It was established as a private 
enterprise by the Rev. J. P. Finley, D.D., 
who was then pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church in Brookfield. This godly man 
organized the church and then, as had been 
his custom in other places where he had 
labored, exerted his influence to provide 
Christian educational advantages for the 
young people of his congregation and of the 
community. With all his might he devoted 
himself for several years to the double labor 
of preaching and teaching. Both school 
and church prospered under the able direc- 
tion of Dr. Finley, but he soon found that 
the work and responsibility were too much 



for one man. On this account, at the end 
of a twenty years' pastorate, he resigned 
his charge in order to devote all of his time 
and strength to the growing academy. In 
the autumn of 1888, the school moved into 
a beautiful new home, the substantial brick 
structure pictured on this page, secured 
partly by the aid of the Board of Aid for 
Colleges and Academies. This fine build- 
ing stands as a monument to the liberality 
of many who are interested in thorough edu- 
cation under Christian influences, and to the 
man who most of all spent himself in found- 
ing and upbuilding the school. Dr. Finley 
died a few months after having seen the 
college building completed and occupied. 

In 1888 the institution was chartered as 
Brookfield College, and undertook the work 
of a collegiate institute. It is in this 
capacity that it seems best adapted to the 

129 



130 



HOW A FRONTIER CHURCH WAS BUILT. 



[August, 



needs of the Presbytery. Thorough college 
preparatory courses are offered, fitting its 
graduates for entrance to the Freshman or 
Sophomore class of higher institutions in 
Missouri or other States. It is definitely 
affiliated with the State University of Mis- 
souri and with the University of Wooster in 
Ohio. In addition to the college prepara- 
tory work a normal course of four years is 
provided for those who wish to teach, and 
for others who do not intend to take higher 
work a literary course of four years is 
offered. The literary course is well rounded 
and is intended to fit students for business 
and intelligent Christian citizenship. In 
the musical department both instrumental 
and vocal music are taught. 

As a school under the care of a Presby- 
tery a majority of the trustees are Presby- 
terians. The Bible is a required text-book 
in every course. Care is taken in the 
selection of teachers that they be Christian 
men and women as well as able and pro- 
gressive instructors. There is the best of 
harmony with the Presbyterian church and 
with the other churches of Brook field, and 
the school is freely patronized by all denomi- 



nations, a sufficient proof that Christianity 
rather than sectarianism is here taught and 
exemplified. 

The boarding house is the President's 
home, a spacious, two-story frame building 
that has this year proved too small to 
accommodate all applicants. This home 
provides a place for young people coming 
from a distance whose parents desire them 
to feel the influence of a Christian family 
and to enjoy more intimate social relations 
with members of the faculty. 

The college buildings are favorably situ- 
ated on high ground in a very pretty little 
city of six thousand inhabitants, and com- 
mand a beautiful view of the country for 
many miles around. 

The institution is free from debt and, while 
not yet endowed, has for several years been 
enjoying through the kindness of one friend 
what is equivalent to the income from about 
seventeen thousand dollars. 

A student's expenses for tuition, books, 
board, and furnished room for the whole 
school year can easily be kept within 
one hundred and fifty dollars. Many are 
able to reduce this fully one-half. 



CHURCH ERECTION. 



HOW A FRONTIER CHURCH WAS 
STARTED. 

In response to inquiries of the secretary 
in regard to a recent application for aid to 
build a church, some statements were made 
which illustrate so vividly the seed from 
which a church may grow that we feel sure 
the recital will be of interest to others. 

The scene is a newly opened settlement in 
a Western State, the land low and swampy 
and consequently uninviting. The few 
settlers were scattered about with no central 
village and little opportunity to see one 
another except by Sunday visiting. Soon, 
however, there came into the neighborhood 
a family of Scotch Presbyterians whom we 
may call Campbell. This family found 
neither church nor Sunday-school, but were 
cordially received and made at home in the 
little circle of residents. 

Mrs. Campbell, however, with her Scotch 
training, objected to the constant Sunday 



visiting, but, finding that her scruples were 
not shared by her neighbors, she said to 
them: " If you are determined to come 
here on the Sabbath, bring your children 
along with you and we will form a class 
and teach them. ' ' Her friends took her at 
her word and the good woman kept the 
work up in her own hou3e until the class 
so increased that there was no longer room 
for it in her small quarters. 

By and by a building for a day-school 
was erected, and Mrs. Campbell's Sunday- 
school obtained permission to use it. 

Thus matters went on for two or three 
years, the place itself growing very slowly, 
when one of our active Sunday-school mis- 
sionaries, hearing of the attempt to maintain 
religious services, came to them, organized 
the school in a more formal way, procured 
for it books and other helps, and faithfully 
cared for it. 

Then the question of a church organiza- 
tion arose, and during the next few years 



1898.] 



BA.D ADVICE. 



131 



some of the infelicities which so often arise 
even in little Western villages from diverse 
denominational views manifested themselves. 
Presbyterians had been foremost in starting 
and maintaining services, but, as the coun- 
try improved and became more thickly 
settled, a canvass showed that a majority 
of the people were of Methodist antecedents. 
Therefore the Presbyterians, feeling they 
were not strong enough to maintain a second 
church, with a proper Christian spirit agreed 
to unite with the Methodists in one congre- 
gation. 

So they might have remained had the zeal 
that characterized the formation of the 
Methodist church continued. But unfor- 
tunately it soon flagged. At first preachers 
were supplied and the service kept up with 
a good degree of regularity. Then less and 
less frequently, until finally the little settle- 
ment was left for three years without any 
service at all. 

At last Mrs. Campbell and her Presby- 
terian friends, who had hoped each year for 
a revival of service, became discouraged 
and felt that some new movement must be 
made. 

They presented the case to the nearest 
Presbyterian pastor, about seven miles 
away, and begged him, for the sake of their 
children, to come over and hold service 
during each week even if he could not come 
on Sunday. He consented to visit the set- 
tlement, but frankly told them that if the 
Methodist church could be supplied he 
would not undertake the work. 

There being no sign of renewed life in 
the Methodist enterprise, a little Presbyte- 
rian church of ten members was formed. 

Perhaps it was not strange that this 
stimulated the Methodist brethren to re- 
newed activity, and although it was inevi- 
table that there should be some little friction 
at first, the result has been a marked 
advance upon the part of both. 

Now the Presbyterians are ready to build 
a church of their own. The congregation 
is rapidly developing; the Sunday-school 
has grown until it numbers seventy. There 
is an active Christian Endeavor Society. 
The church membership is thirty-one; a 
good lot has been given them; they have a 
subscription of $800 toward a $1200 brick 
building, and they ask the Board to aid 
them to the extent of §400. 

This is a typical instance of the settle- 



ment of a Western farm community and 
the genesis of a Presbyterian church. The 
farm lands have been properly drained, new 
settlers are coming in constantly and the 
prospects both for the town and church are 
brighter every year. 

It is to aid just such communities in their 
struggle for religious privileges; to enable 
just such churches to be successful in 
obtaining spiritual homes that the Board 
finds its typical and most remunerative 
work. 



BAD ADVICE. 

In a letter containing an application for a 
grant, received a few days ago, the pastor 
of the church, after speaking of the actual 
needs of the congregation and of their self- 
sacrifice in giving, adds: " We were advised 
by one of the ministers of the presbytery, 
who has had a great deal of experience in 
building churches, to apply for a larger 
sum, and his argument was that we would 
not get as much as we asked for. ' ' 

The good brother who gave this advice 
could hardly have considered what the 
necessary result of such action as he coun- 
seled would be, were churches generally to 
adopt it. 

If it were customary, for example, for 
churches, upon the ground specificed, to 
ask for say twenty-five per cent, more than 
they really needed, there would be either a 
waste of money contributed by the 
churches, or, if the Board became aware of 
the bad habit, a systematic cutting down, 
that would appear to work hardship. Of 
course, however, the fundamental objection 
to any such plan would be that the state- 
ment as to actual need would be misleading if 
not untrue. 

In all correspondence with the Board, it 
is assumed that churches will be perfectly 
frank, explaining precisely their position, 
and then doing themselves, with unselfish 
zeal, all within their power and asking of the 
Church at large, through the Board, only 
such aid as will guarantee the success of the 
enterprise. 

Any other course must work confusion 
and cause distrust. Contributions would 
soon begin to diminish did donors have 
reason to suppose either that churches were 
presuming upon the opportunity to obtain 
needed help, by asking undue amounts, or 



132 



CAS A. GRANDE CHURCH — STUDYING FOR EFFECTS. 



[August, 



that the Board was without careful inves- 
tigation distributing ita funds with too 
lavish a hand. 

If the churches or their representatives 
will be perfectly frank (as indeed most of 
them are) in explaining their circumstances 
and needs, they may be assured that so 
long as funds remain, they will receive all 
they really need to guarantee success, and 
usually the full amount for which they ask. 
Nothing would be more disastrous in the 
long run to the confidence that should exist 
between the contributors to the Board's 
funds, the Board itself and the young 
churches it is so glad to aid, than a system- 
atic habit of asking for more than was 
actually needed in order to leave a margin 
for " cutting down." 



ANOTHER MISAPPREHENSION. 

Not long ago, a church wrote asking some 
relaxation of the Assembly's rules upon the 
ground that it had not received as much 
from the Board as some other church in 
the same presbytery. 

It ought to be well understood that no 
such comparisons are ever taken into 
account in the decisions of the Board with 
reference to applications. 

Each case is considered upon its own 
merits. It may be true that a neighboring 
church has received more than it. If so, 
then the circumstances of that church 
were different, and it needed more to carry 



it through, or else the Board was misled 
into granting more than it would have done 
had all the facts been known. In the one 
case, the distinction must commend itself to 
every one : in the other, it is clear that if 
one mistake was made, the Board should be 
doubly careful not to make another of similar 
character. 

The Board is liable to make mistakes 
and has perhaps in some cases done so, but 
its very earnest and conscientious purpose 
is to administer the trust committed to it 
with absolute impartiality and so that the 
best results for the work as a whole may be 
secured. 

CASA GRANDE CHURCH. 

In the Evangelist of June 3, the Rev. I. 
T. Whittemore, of Florence, Ariz., makes 
an earnest appeal for special contributions 
to enable the young church of Casa Grande 
at Endeavor, Ariz., to complete its house 
of worship. 

He suggests that contributions be sent to 
the office of this Board, here to be held 
until the requisite amount is secured. 

We have had no direct communication 
with Mr. Whittemore in regard to this 
church, but would say that already several 
amounts have been put in our hands for the 
purpose mentioned, and we will cheerfully 
act as treasurer in the matter. Mr. Whit- 
temore has had a long experience in Arizona 
and knows well when such help is most 
effectual. 



MINISTERIAL RELIEF. 



STUDYING FOR EFFECTS. 

Some time ago I was riding in a trolley 
car, and a lady and gentleman sat opposite 
to me engaged in very earnest conversa- 
tion. The gentleman was explaining to the 
lady the working of some intricate machin- 
ery — the force or power used, the knowledge 
and skill required on the part of the mana- 
ger, and how he had to bend his mind to 
his work in order, as he said, " to make 
things go. ' ' The only remark I heard the 
lady make in reply to his careful descrip- 
tion was, "He is studying for effects,' ' but 



the words have lingered in my memory 
ever since. 

" Studying for effects!" and the question 
has arisen in my mind, Are not all people, 
in some way or other, " studying for 
effects ?" It may be for self-centred effects : 
for mere appearance's sake, for mere idle dis- 
play in the world, from love of worldly 
glory, or for the gratification of a depraved 
soul. Or, on the other hand, it may be 
for unselfish effects : for the good of others, 
for lasting benefit to society, from philan- 
thropic motives and for the glory of God. 

What is that great genius doing at Rome 



1898] 



BTUDYIKG FOR EFFECTS. 



133 



(who had already broken down all the 
preestablished statutes in the art of sculp- 
ture), when designing a mausoleum for 
Pope Julius II, which was erected in 1545 ? 
He is " studying for effects;'* and he carves 
that colossal statue of Moses, which is the 
embodiment of the genius of Michael 
Angelo, and the expressive memorial of one 
who was an imperious lawgiver and aggres- 
sive warrior. 

Are there not innumerable blocks of 
marble in the quarries of our fallen human- 
ity which the moral sculptors in God's 
spiritual kingdom are to bring into the 
artist's studio and bend over with intense 
interest, whilst, with tools of God's own 
giving, they form and fashion them into 
living statues of immortal men who shall 
leave an impress upon society for all time 
to come ? 

What is Murillo doing when his creative 
genius is bringing into being for Seville 
Cathedral that magnificent painting of 
' ' Moses Smiting the Rock ' ' and bringing 
forth streams of living water? "He is 
studying for effects." And as you gaze 
upon that impressive creation, how the be- 
liever's faith is stimulated as he realizes that 
nothing is impossible for God to accomplish 
through the feeble instrumentality of man, 
when the necessities of his chosen people 
demand a special benefaction! 

What is that architect doing, so diligently 
engaged in profound and prolonged medita- 
tion ? "He is studying for effects." He 
is laying his plans for the city's public 
buildings. He wants the largest, most 
costly, most complete, most convenient, and 
most beautiful structure of the kind in all 
the broad land of America. He studies to 
show himself a workman that needeth not 
to be ashamed, and the creation of his 
mind is worthy of his genius. But what 
is all that magnificent and massive build- 
ing compared to one noble character , built 
upon the Rock of Ages, the temple of the 
Holy Ghost, which will stand through 
eternal years, after the most enduring 
earthly structures shall have crumbled 
into dust, and the earth itself shall have 
been melted with fervent heat and the 
heavens shall have been rolled together as a 
scroll. "Study" — yes, study for ef- 
fects. 

What was Mr. Roebling doing wihen he 
shut himself up in his room for days and 



weeks pondering on those deep problems 
which racked his brain? "Studying for 
effects." He is laying his plans and 
making his exact calculations for the con- 
struction of the suspension bridge across the 
Niagara, over which great trains of cars 
might be transported from the United States 
to Canada. 

Are there not innumerable difficulties 
which have to be bridged in life, the bridg- 
ing of which is worthy of the profoundest 
study of moral and philanthropic engi- 
neers ? 

"Studying for effects." What is it 
those men are bending over so intently in 
sunny Sardinia as early as 1832 ? Joseph 
Medail presents to the king a plan for the 
great work to be undertaken. In 1845 the 
Sardinian government called in the help of 
Engineer Maus and the geologist Sis- 
monda. Maus turns his inventive mind to 
the devising of machinery for cutting 
rock. Colladon, of Geneva, devises means 
for ventilation when the work goes on, and 
also better appliances for the utilization of 
the power demanded in the great enter- 
prise. An Englishman, Thomas Bartlett, 
contributes through his inventive genius a 
machine for perforating Alpine rocks. 
Then Sommeiller, Grattoni and Grandis 
make valuable contributions from their 
engineering skill to push the work. In 
1856 the work begins by way of practical 
experiment to test the engineers' inven- 
tions, and in 1857 the actual work begins 
at either side of the Alps. Night and day 
the work goes on with the most ingenious 
machinery until 1870, when the workmen 
from Bardonecchia met the workmen from 
Mondane, fifteen millions of money having 
been spent, and Mont Cents Tunnel is opened 
from end to end, a distance of eight miles 
through Alpine rocks, and in 1871 a great 
thoroughfare for railroad traffic is opened 
to the world. 

How many Alps of obstruction there are 
in the way of the onward movement of a 
Christianized civilization ? The Christian 
engineers of the Church of God must be 
found "studying for effects." How shall 
we tunnel mountains which cannot be 
removed ? How shall we protect ourselves 
from the snows on the cold mountains of 
indifference and from the avalanches of 
destruction that impede our progress ? Oh! 
we must study to show ourselves workmen 



THE UNITED PRESBYTERIAN MISSION LIBRARY 
475 Riverside Drive Km Vnr!, 97 u v 



134 



STUDYING FOR EFFECTS. 



[August, 



approved of God our King, and workmen 
who need not be ashamed before their 
fellow-men. 

Study, aye, study for the noblest and the 
best effects — effects worthy of the exalted 
dignity of your high calling in Christ 
Jesus; effects of which you will not be 
ashamed when they are all spread out 
before the gaze of the assembled universe ; 
effects which will redound to the glory of 
God throughout the ceaseless cycles of 
eternal ages; and amid the rewards of 
glory you will never regret the time and 
energy devoted to the cause of the en- 
throned Redeemer. 

Alas! How true it is that you often see 
both men and women whose nobler im- 
pulses are all eaten up by selfishness, and 
who are dominated by an overweening 
vanity and a disgusting affectation, who 
spend their time in studying for effects, which 
they imagine will win the admiration of 
their associates and make them friends. 
Such people never have true friends! Their 
vanity and selfishness are so clearly seen 
through the transparent guise of affectation, 
that the poor, pitiable, painfully proud apes 
are simply loathsome and detestable ! 

Let us crucify our selfishness, and become 
the faithful servants of the King of kings 
whose rewards are sweet on earth and 
glorious in heaven. 

When the great sculptor saw an impris- 
oned angel in a block of stone, and made a 
model of the beautiful creation, he called 
his workmen, the most skilled in his employ, 
and set them at work to liberate the great 
creation from the thought, the conception, 
the model, which he placed before them. 
When their work was completed, all praised 
the wonderful artist, but the workmen who 
released the imprisoned angel were entirely 
forgotten. Here, then, is a lesson of pro- 
found importance and of the deepest per- 
sonal concern. Work for One who will 
never forget your work ! 

Anna Montague says beautifully in " The 
Master's Workmen:" 



" Have we not a wonderful Master, 

Whose thoughts are grand and deep ? 
In each soul, a possible angel 
He sees, though it lies asleep. 

"Though the outward be rough and uncomely, 
Yet the beauty lies within ; 
And the Master calls on His children 
To help break the fetters of sin. 



" We niay aid the imprisoned angel 

To escape in such wonderful guise ; 
We may seethe white pinions float upward 
Through the gates of Paradise. 

" All the angels are thoughts of the Master, 
But we may help chisel the stone, 
Set free, in earth-souls, the veiled beauty, 
And hear His dear plaudit : ' Well done ! ' 

" And His workmen are never forgotten — 
He sees their labor and love ; 
For each stroke of the chisel, a star-beam 
Is waiting for them above." 

To Ihis splendid and magnificent work 
the dear Lord has called his ministering 
servants, and if so, are they not to study 
for effects ? Hearken to the solemn com- 
mand! " Study to shew thyself approved 
unto God, a workman that needeth not to 
be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of 
truth," or, as the Revised Version has it, 
" Give diligence to present thyself ap- 
proved unto God, a workman that needeth 
not to be ashamed, handling aright the 
word of truth." Paul again said to Timo- 
thy, " Meditate upon these things; give 
thyself wholly to them; that thy profiting 
may appear to all." 

That is a noble and unselfish work to 
which the minister of Christ is to devote 
himself with such unreserved consecration 
and to which he is to give his whole time. 
He is to be the religious instructor of his 
fellow-men. He is to teach them the 
eternal certitudes of the Lord Almighty, 
and to be the leader in the great enterprises 
of Christianity for the renovation of the 
whole wide world, and to study to show 
himself approved unto God. 

While devoting his whole time to his high 
calling of God, the Church in which he 
labors is to stand loyally by him and keep 
him free from worldly cares and avocations, 
and when he can work no longer, the 
Church he has long and faithfully served 
must in all honor and in loving sympathy 
and ungrudgingly minister to his necessities 
and help to smooth his journey to our 
Father's house. 

The last Assembly called attention to the fact 
that the work of the Board of Ministerial Kelief 
is not confined exclusively to ministering men. 
Among the annuitants the ministering women, 
missionaries both home and foreign, and the 
widows of clergymen, considerably outnumber 
the men. Here is a field wherein "Woman's 
work for women" may have abundant exercise. 
Boxes of clothing and household supplies will go 
far to piece out the scanty income of many fami- 
lies. 



EDUCATION. 



AN EARNEST APPEAL. 

The Board of Education has taken an- 
other step in advance. It has determined 
to make the scholarships for the coming 
season seventy-five dollars for each student, 
being an advance of five dollars over the 
amount given last season. It would be very 
gratifying if the gifts of the churches should 
be so enlarged as to make an increase to 
eighty dollars possible. 

We beg earnestly for such an increase. 
There probably never was a time when the 
work of the Board was of greater import- 
ance. A great many voices join just now 
in pressing the plea that we have already 
too many ministers, and argue that it is a 
mistake to give encouragement and assist- 
ance to those who are seeking the sacred 
office. Let us suppose that it is really true 
that the number seeking the ministry is too 
great. What measures, under the circum- 
stances, would be proper for diminishing the 
supply ? Shall we give up selecting and 
educating our own home-born men and sup- 
ply our yearly need from the long list of 
applicants for our pulpits embracing men who 
have had their training in other denomina- 
tions, and often under influences quite out 
of harmony with our views of doctrine and 
of government ? Would that be a wise 
policy ? Shall we supplement the supply 
from this source, if it should prove inade- 
quate, from applicants for ordination who 
have not been trained under the direction 
of the Church, who may not have had a 
full college course, nor a full course in 
theology, and have possibly been in attend- 
ance at institutions which have no sympa- 
thy with the Presbyterian Church ? Would 
that be a wise policy ? Would it not be 
much more sensible to inquire where the 
superfluity of ministers comes from, if a 
superfluity exists ? If we are ordaining too 
many men who take a "short-cut" and 
are therefore not properly prepared, it is 
high time to put an end to such a ruinous 
practice. If we are taking too many men 
from other denominations whose course of 
study is below our standard, or whose views 
of doctrine and government are not in 
accord with our own, it is high time that 
we closed the door against men of this de- 



scription. On the other hand, no policy 
could be more suicidal and absurd than, 
under the circumstances which we have 
supposed, to keep the door wide open for 
these two classes of applicants, and to close 
it in the face of the Church's own sons 
whose call to the ministry, whose piety, 
gifts and promise of usefulness, have been 
carefully inquired into, and whose education 
has been directed and watched over with 
the utmost care and solicitude through a 
long course of years. To such as these the 
Church, through the Board of Education, 
is giving encouragement and aid. 



ARE THERE REALLY TOO MANY ? 

" Too many for what ?" exclaimed Dr. 
Charles Hodge. " Too many to preach the 
gospel to every creature under heaven ? 
Too many to preach the gospel to all the 
destitute in this country ? Nay, too many 
to supply the destitution of the city of New 
York, or of Philadelphia, or of Chicago ? 
We have not too many ministers for the 
work set before us. On the contrary, we 
need many more. Christ has not with- 
drawn his command to pray that he would 
send more laborers into the harvest." 

The cry that has been raised tends to 
drive away from the ministry the truest and 
best of the sons of the Church, who do not 
want to press in where they are not needed. 
The cry is misleading. Their services are 
required by the exigencies of the times. 
No professio7i can compare ivith the ministry 
i)i the world-wide opening it presents for 
profitable labor. No profession is to-day 
so far behind the opportunities of the age 
and, so far from keeping abreast with increas- 
ing population. What folly, through fear 
of overcrowding the ministry, to forsake the 
ranks of theological students only 8000 
strong, counting all denominations, to join 
the ranks of students of medicine, 22,600 
strong! Compare an increase in five years 
of 524 in the number of theological students 
with an increase in the same period of 
nearly 6000 in the number of students of 
medicine ! Young men of piety and talents, 
there is a big opening for you in the work 
of the holy ministry ! 

135 



136 



THE MINISTER'S OFFICIAL STATUS. 



[August, 




J. D. Hewitt, D.D., 
Lately President of Emporia College, Kansas. 

The portrait given above of President 
Hewitt is made from the latest photograph, 
and is regarded by his family as the best 
that has been taken. Dr. Hewitt's 
training was had at Princeton Seminary 
after a full course in the college in the 
same place. He served for a time in the 
Union army. Nineteen years of his life 
were most usefully spent in several pastoral 
charges, and ten in the work of home mis- 
sions as himself a missionary, a superin- 
tendent of missions, and as the very efficient 
chairman of the Missionary Committee of 
the Presbytery of Emporia. We are, 
however, most interested in him as an educa- 
tor. He began his career immediately 
upon his graduation from Princeton Semi- 
nary by taking the position of principal of 
the Susquehanna Collegiate Institute . at 
Towanda, Pa., which he retained for two 
years. During his pastorate at Wichita, 
Kans., he was principally instrumental in 
the founding of Lewis Academy. About 
six years ago he was elected vice-president of 
the College of Emporia, and soon after- 
wards president. The burden of financial 
anxiety^which fell upon him was exceed - 
ingly'heavy, and the Church can never be 
sufficiently grateful for the patience, abil- 
ity, prudence and success with which he 



toiled, at great personal sacrifice, for the 
preservation and firm establishment of the 
college, which he looked upon as one of the 
most important factors in the prosecution 
of the work of our Church in Kansas. He 
took the warmest interest in the preparation 
of young men for the ministry, and in the 
Board of Education as the Church's 
agent for securing the best men for this work, 
and the best training for the men thus 
secured. The degree of Doctor of Divinity 
was conferred upon him by the University 
of Wooster in 1889. He fell asleep, after 
a life of fidelity and toil, at the age of fifty- 
nine years, April 20, 1898. We trust that 
nothing may prevent the wiping out of the 
entire indebtedness of the college by October 
1 of this year according to the plans of the 
noble man who may be said to have laid 
down his life in the effort to achieve this 
important result 



THE MINISTER'S OFFICIAL 
STATUS. 

We are frequently assured nowadays 
that the time has gone by when a minister 
can count upon being respected for the sake 
of his official position. We are not unaware 
also of the fact that not a few ministers have 
apparently been quite willing to accept the 
situation without objection or an expression 
of regret. They think that a man ought to 
stand for just what he is personally worth, 
or what he has made himself by his own 
exertions, his studies, his experience, etc. 
There is something about an attitude of 
this kind which is flattering to the pride of 
a man of talent, scholarship, or eloquence, and 
consequently attractive. We are per- 
suaded, however, that the attitude is an 
unfortunate one, and calculated to turn 
away attention from the true source of 
power, and to lead men to seek, and to be 
satisfied with, a seeming rather than a real 
success, in the work of the ministry. 

We do not regard such an attitude as in 
accordance with the teachings of Holy Scrip- 
ture. It is not a question as to what the 
spirit of the present age may be, but as to 
what the instructions of God are on this 
subject. We understand that he has estab- 
lished the holy ministry as an office which 
he requires men everywhere and through all 
time to respect. The minister of Christ is 
not a private person, but an ambassador of 



1898.] 



PRE8IDENT S. B. McCORMICK. 



137 



the King of Heaven, clothed with author- 
ity, whose word must be accepted and whose 
person must be honored as the word and the 
person of his divine Master, while he gives 
his message and acts in his name. " He 
that receiveth you receiveth me " (said the 
Saviour) , ' 'and he that receiveth me receiveth 
him that sent me." " He that receiveth a 
prophet in the name of a prophet shall 
receive a prophet's reward." 

We do not believe that respect for office 
and authority has perished among us. In 
time of any disturbance one man clothed 
with the marks and badges of official posi- 
tion will be worth a hundred irresponsible 
and unofficial persons. It will be a sad day 
for men when respect for lawful authority 
ceases among them, and might, whether of 
physical strength or of intellectual superi- 
ority, compels submission to its behests. 
Those will be the days of 
oppression and of tyran- 
ny. God is the one source 
of authority, and the only 
means for the preservation 
of human liberty is uni- 
versal submission to his 
holy will. Ministers of 
state and ministers of re- 
ligion are his agents and 
representatives, and are 
to be respected as such. 

The strength of the 
ministry is in its official 
relation to God. Men of 
intellect and eloquence, 
men of tact and skill, 
may accomplish many 
things; but unless God 
recognizes them and at- 
tends their work with 
the power of his Spirit 
that work will be practi- 
cally inefficient. Paul 
was tactful and skillful ; 
Apollos was eloquent ; 
but they unhesitatingly 
recognized the fact that 
the planting of the one or 
the watering of the other 
could of itself produce 
no result: God must give 
the increase. 



PRESIDENT S. B. McCORMICK. 

The Board of Education has had such 
pleasant impressions with regard to the 
ability and efficiency of Dr. McCormick, 
derived from their relations with him while 
serving as chairman of Education Com- 
mittees, that they have naturally looked 
most hopefully upon his elevation to the 
presidency of Coe College. Our readers 
will be pleased to see the excellent portrait 
which we have secured for our present 
issue. The college over which he is called 
to preside has been a boon of the greatest 
value to many young people of both sexes. 
It may be said to have had its birth in the 
autumn of 1851 in the house of Rev. Willis- 
ton Jones, the Presbyterian minister in Ce- 
dar Rapids, and has been brought on its way 
through many perils and difficulties by the 




S. B. McCormick, D.D., 
President of Coe College, Cedar Rapids, ,1a. 



138 



AFTER THE CELEBRATION. 



[August, 



faith, prayers, toils and self-sacrificing gifts of 
godly men, who perceived the importance of 
such a Christian institution of learning in 
that part of Iowa. It was taken under 
care of presbytery, and became known as 
Coe Collegiate Institute. After a time 
there was a reorganization, the institute 
became a college under the care of the 
Synod of Iowa, to which it makes a yearly 
report. Such men as Daniel Coe, who 
gave a farm and certain city lots for its 
benefit at the beginning of its history; 
Judge Greene, who with the help of his 
friends put up the main building; Thomas 
Sinclair, and others of like standing, who 
spared nothing that they were able to give 
to save the institution in days of threatened 
disaster, must ever be held in grateful 
recollection for what their devotion has 



accomplished in the cause of Christian 
Education. It is to such colleges as this 
that we must look very largely for our 
candidates for the ministry, and for Chris- 
tian physicians and Christian lawyers as 
well. The class which was graduated in 
1897 consisted of eight men, of whom three 
entered medical colleges with a view to 
medical missionary work, and two entered 
upon the study of theology. The Board of 
Education has at present five candidates 
for the ministry under its care studying at 
Coe College. We warmly recommend this 
Christian institution as affording an oppor- 
tunity to men of means to maJce an investment 
which can hardly fail to bring in the most 
satisfactory returns. Our own observations, 
on the occasion of a recent visit, were of a 
very gratifying character. 



PUBLICATION AND SABBATH-SCHOOL WORK. 



AFTER THE CELEBRATION. 

The Sabbath-school and Missionary 
Department in Philadelphia draws a long 
breath on the day preceding the second 
Sabbath in June. For two or three months 
preceding that day the task of corresponding 
with our nearly 8000 Sabbath-schools and 
of filling orders for Children's Day pro- 
grams and supplies taxes its resources and 
keeps its clerical force busy for long hours 
each day after the regular closing time. 
More especially is this the case toward the 
end of this period, when about two thousand 
superintendents wake up to the fact that 
Children's Day is almost upon them and 
they are unprepared. It is a strange thing 
that a large proportion of the orders for sup- 
plies come in every year within four weeks of 
Children's Day, and that several hundred 
pour in within one week of the date. 
When it so happens (as it did this year) 
that the supply of mite boxes is exhausted 
several days before Children's Day, and 
that the machinery used in the manufacture 
of the collection envelopes breaks down 
during the execution of a large supple- 
mentary order for late comers, the corre- 
spondence becomes very confusing. Orders 
are duplicated on our hands, letters of 
inquiry and complaint of non- delivery come 



by every mail, and for a time the energies of 
our clerks and packers are sorely taxed. 
On the eve of the celebration there is a lull 
in the storm. What has not been done 
must be left undone, except in a few cases 
where our friends write us that Children's 
Day has been postponed. What remains 
is to clear away the debris, to work off 
delayed orders, and to turn to other impor- 
tant lines of work connected with the 
Department. 

How much worry — how many vexatious 
delays — how many needless errors — would 
be avoided, if our beloved friends, the 
Sabbath-school superintendents, would only 
take time by the forelock and send in their 
orders for Children's Day supplies, say 
before May 1. Still, sooner than miss those 
orders, we would cheerfully endure even 
greater trials. 

The remittances from Sabbath- schools 
which have taken Children's Day offerings 
for our work are now coming in. What 
the aggregate offering will be we cannot 
say at this present writing. We notice still 
a depressing tendency in multitudes of cases 
toward a reduction in the amount from the 
offerings of previous years, as if to show 
that the era of prosperity and abundance 
had not yet fully set in. But again, it is 
gratifying to observe that the remittances 



1898.] 



CKOW BUrTE, NEB. 



139 



are many in number, showing that this 
great work of our Church at home is grow- 
ing in interest and making new friends every 
year. 

CROW BUTTE, NEB. 

Our illustration this month is of a pic- 
turesque mountain ridge in the northwest of 
Nebraska, called Crow Butte (pronounced 
Bewt). It is situated near the town of 
Crawford, in Dawes county, in a district 
knowu ecclesiastically in our Church as 
Box Butte Presbytery, which takes its name 
from the county adjoining Dawes county to 
the south, where there is also a little town 
called Box Butte. In this presbytery the 
missionaries of this Board have done 3ome 
arduous and successful work, notwithstand- 
ing the difficulties and discouragements 
presented by a very scattered and sparse 
population, in a region much of which is 
sterile and difficult of access. The pres- 



bytery comprises fifteen counties, in whole 
or in part, and forms an immense square 
of territory about ninety miles from north 
to south and 240 miles from east to west. 
We have now but one Sabbath- school mis- 
sionary in all this region, but during the 
past four years this brother and others who 
have labored temporarily in the presbytery 
have organized or reorganized some fifty 
little Sabbath-schools, following up their 
work by house-to-house visitation and the 
distribution of Christian literature. True 
it is that many of these little schools are 
short-lived ; indeed, of late years the entire 
population has often receded from the little 
settlements. But the missionary visits and 
revisits the places where schools have once 
been started and wherever possible resusci- 
tates them. At present Mr. Ferguson, our 
missionary, has under his personal charge 
twenty-nine of these mission schools. 

Crow Butte, as this rocky eminence is 
called, is a striking object and landmark as 




Crowe Butte, Nebraska. 



140 



SUMMER WORK BY OUR MISSIONARIES. 



[August, 



seen from the plains. The Indians tell of 
a great battle fought there between the 
Crows and the Sioux. The Crows retreated 
to this butte and were surrounded by the 
Sioux until they were starved out. Only a 
very few were left and the Sioux gained 
possession of the whole country. From 
Crawford this butte presents a grand sight. 
There are perhaps a dozen others like it 
which can be seen from the same point. 
East and south for 150 miles are the sand 
hills*. To the northeast fifteen or twenty 
miles are the bad lands. North and north- 
west are the foothills of the Black Hills, 
which begin on the north side of the 
Cheyenne river, forty miles away. The 
Laramie mountains are about sixty miles 
west. 



SUMMER WORK BY OUR MISSION- 
ARIES. 

While many of our favored readers are 
enjoying well-earned vacations to the 
refreshment of mind and body, the mission- 
aries of our Board are doing the hardest 
and besx work of the whole year, traveling 
over vast regions of country, north, north- 
west, west, southwest, and south, and gath- 
ering thousands of children into Sabbath - 
schools. We know that not a few of our 
friends will be delighted to read the follow- 
ing letters which in part show the charac- 
ter of the work performed by these 
brethren : 

From Mr. G. V. Alberlson, laboring in the 
Presbytery of Peoria, Illinois. 

The Sabbath -school work this season has seemed 
more prosperous than ever before in my experience. 
I feared the war would have a depressing effect, but 
it did not. The first part of the spring was spent 
in looking over and reconstructing old schools, in 
some cases holding meetings for several nights in a 
place. In this I was assisted by a Mr. Seabright, 
lately from the Moody school, who is now set over 
a number of these places by presbytery. We had 
some very encouraging meetings at some of these 
points. 

Getting through with this I went into new fields, 
particularly Fulton county, exploring, visiting and 
organizing. Found a very fruitful territory for 
Sabbath-school work, the people being very needy, 
but showing great readiness to come together to 
service and also to organize. Sights and stories pre- 



sented themselves dark enough for any heathen 
land, but here and there throughout the most desti- 
tute parts the Lord had set some of his bright 
jewels. 

I have succeeded in organizing sixteen schools 
this spring and in reorganizing two. Have still 
other places in view. In one campaign I arranged 
the work so that I organized six schools in as many 
neighborhoods in six successive services within 
four days. I hope to arrange for a fine fall and 
winter campaign of evangelistic work in this new 
field. During April and May I traveled 7 84 miles, 
visited 268 families, gave forty-one addresses, and 
distributed 12,598 pages of tracts and papers. 



From Mr. E. L. Renick, laboring in the 
Presbytery of Ozark, Synod of Missouri. 

The longer I remain in this work the more 
thoroughly I am convinced of the power of the 
Sabbath-school as a soul-saving agency. Only last 
week I had the pleasure of talking with a young 
man of nineteen or twenty years, who has been at- 
tending, since the organization in 1896, a school 
which I organized at Locust Prairie. During the 
conversation he took occasion to tell me that he 
was now a Christian, having been converted 
through the influence of the Sunday-school. 

At another of my schools we had for a superin- 
tendent a man who was good and moral and 
possessed every qualification for an effective leader, 
and the school prospered under his guidance, but 
he was not a Christian. 

During the year that he superintended the school 
he was made to see the error of his way and was led 
through the study of his Bible in the Sabbath- 
school to know Christ in the forgiveness of his sins. 

If it were not for these visible results of our work, 
we missionaries would often be discouraged. 

The work of this summer so far has been very 
promising. Some of the largest schools I have or- 
ganized have been organized this spring. To one 
point I went three times, making a distance of 150 
miles, before the organization was completed. 
Heavy rains prevented the meeting each time. 

I find that house to- house visitation is a most 
fruitful source of good. The story of Jesus is new 
to many, and one of my sweetest experiences is in 
being able to talk to dear wandering ones of a lov- 
ing Saviour. 

From Rev. C. T. McCampbell, laboring in 
the Presbytery of lovoa City, Iowa. 

March 1st found me at Conroy, assisting in the 
closing week of a series of meetings held by Pastor 



1898.1 

J. W. Carlstrom. This new church had been 
recently dedicated and was attracting attention on 
account of the beautiful famishing and the hunger 
of the people for the word of life. 

The organization grew out of our Sabbath-school 
work, December, 1896, and December, 1897. 

About twenty were added to the membership this 
spring. Among the number were two farmers over 
whom the neighborhood had prayed and labored to 
reclaim them from the cup. One had driven his 
family from home during the winter in a drunken 
spree. 

Your missionary was attracted to one home 
by a sickly boy — Ted H. — who could not walk for 
years, but had developed a great liking for 
machinery. He hobbled about and had the yard 
full of wheels and belts and little threshing 
machines of his own construction. 

He became interested in our work and after a 
prayer meeting in the home, at which about twenty 
neighbors attended, the whole family of five and a 
school teacher who boarded with them professed 
faith in Christ and afterwards united with the Con- 
roy church. 

This organization at Conroy, besides building and 
raising pastor's support quite liberally for a young 
church, gave us $3.50, and directed us to a noted un- 
godly town of Walford, eighteen miles east, on the 
C. Milwaukee and N. W. R. R. 

Here, while working in neighboring school- 
houses, holding meetings every evening, a petition 
for a church organization was signed by about 
thirty persons. 

While at Walford the neighbors asked your mis- 
sionary to call at the home of a distressed family — 



PLEASED WITH HIS FARM. 



141 



the drunken husband last winter threatened the life 
of his wife, and a son seventeen years old interfered 
and saved her life. Then came a separation and 
divorce, the wife taking three of the young children 
and the seventeen-year-old boy, the father taking 
the eldest daughter. 

During April the young man died, and, as he 
was a faithful attendant at our Prairie Belle Sab- 
bath-school, the neighborhood was deeply touched. 
Thus it was that I called about four weeks after the 
funeral and found the lonely mother living without 
her husband and mourning her son. After a few 
earnest words she expressed a desire to know the 
way of life, and her name is now recorded in our 
memorandum book as having accepted Jesus Christ 
as her Saviour. The fact of her consecration has 
caused great joy amongst her relatives and friends, 
and it is now the purpose of the Christian people to 
plead for a reunion soon of father and mother. 

There seems to be a wonderful awakening 
amongst the Norwegians, Germans, and Bohemians 
in Scott, Cedar, and Johnson counties. 

Amongst the Germans of Scott county, where the 
worst unbelief exists, there are encouraging features. 
At a Sabbath- school convention recently I counted 
twenty- five workers who have been induced to stand 
for the gospel. When the Lord raises up workers 
from such a class the work will not be so discour- 
aging. 

Last Sabbath I started a project for another Sab- 
bath-school chapel at Stockton, a railroad crossing 
in the northeast corner of Muscatine county, where 
a place of worship is very much needed by a vast 
community. 



FREEDMEN 



PLEASED WITH HIS FARM. 

Rev. Thomas H. Amos, Principal at 
Ferguson Academy, Abbeville, S. C, a year 
ago did so well in the way of reducing his 
expenses per capita in the boarding depart- 
ment of his school, by furnishing his table 
with the products of a small piece of land 
which he had rented and cultivated with 
student labor, that Mr. S. P. Harbison, a 
member of the Board, presented the insti- 
tution with twenty acres of land, in the 
border of the town. Mr. Amos will now 
have the opportunity of showing what he 



can do, in the way of maintaining his school 
from the products of the soil, unembar- 
rassed by the heavy rent that he previously 
had to pay. He seems pleased with the 
prospect and confident as to the outcome. 
An extract from his report on this point 
cannot fail to interest those who are partial 
to the industrial and agricultural training 
of the youth of this race : 

" The outlook for no deficit in the future 
is bright, since Mr. Harbison has given us 
some land. We calculate that we can raise 
all our vegetables, our meal, our hominy, 
and two-thirds of our meat. This will be 



142 



SWIFT MEMORIAL. 



[August, 




X 



1898.] 



SWIFT MEMORIAL. 



143 



a saving of three or four hundred dollars 
by this means which we can divert to 
repairs, etc., a sum of money that at pres- 
ent we invest in supplies. 

" We deemed it wise to make our land 
profitable to us at once, and accordingly we 
invested in a cow, some pigs, and in seeds 
of various kinds, and in tools and feed to 
carry on the farm. We have had to supply 
ourselves with meat and meal, flour and 
molasses for the boys to eat who tend to the 
farm. These items are all grouped in the 
expenditures for this year. 

" Things in connection with the farm are 
looking well. The corn is growing well. 
The crops we have invested in include thirty 
varieties of things — corn, beans, peas, 
cabbage, callards, coffee-berry. beets, 
potatoes. peppers, cucumbers, onions, 
squash, tomatoes, okra, molasses -cane, 
celery, ruta-bagas, salsify, pumpkins, 
citrons, oats, etc. 

" We have twelve hogs that will average 
125 pounds each. We have two bee gums 
and intend to make a specialty of raising 
honey. We have a dozen hens, and by 
keeping an accurate account of eggs have 
ascertained that since February 1 they have 
laid to May 9 forty- one dozen of eggs. 

" Three boys are working constantly on 
the farm. I superintend the work. Old 
farmers in the community pronounce our 
work, so far, as the greatest thing down in 
this country. In fact, it is great, and it 
will be profitable as an object lesson to this 
whole community. I would rather have 
this farm and its equipments than SI 0,000 
endowment to the school.' ' 



SWIFT MEMORIAL. 

Swift Memorial, at Rogersville, Tenn., of 
which Rev. W. H. Franklin is principal, 
is one of a number of boarding-schools, 
under the care of the Freedmen's Board, 
that are presided over by efficient and suc- 
cessful colored ministers, who each year are 
comprehending more clearly the various 
problems with which they have to deal and 
are more and more winning their way to 
the confidence and approval of the leading 
people of the communities in which they 
are quietly and successfully doing their 
work. The following extracts, from Mr. 
Franklin's review of the work of the past 



year, will show something of the character 
of his work and of the methods by which 
it is maintained : 

" We have endeavored so to manage our 
affairs as to meet promptly all our obliga- 
tions. We have followed the cash system 
throughout. 

" A great many things have been done 
and a great many improvements have been 
made, which cannot be reported on paper. 
We are doing something all the time ; and 
our surroundings and the general condition 
of things grow correspondingly better. 

" We are also pleased to note that the 
school is getting a stronger and wider influ- 
ence on all classes of our citizens. 

" During the closing week our public 
exercises were attended by a larger number 
of representative whites than ever before. 
Our chapel proved to be too small for the 
accommodation of all who desired to attend. 
Many compliments were sent us. 

" Prof. Bidez, LL.D., of the Synodical 
Female College of this place, who attended 
our exercises, with two of his assistant 
teachers, sent me a very complimentary 
note concerning the exercises, and the 
thorough training of the students. Prof. 
Bidez is director of music at the above 
college. 

" Judge Kyle, who, with his daughter, 
attended nearly all of our exercises, said to 
me afterwards that he had seldom seen 
better commencement exercises. 

" But I am especially pleased with the 
progress of our students in domestic train- 
ing, in scholarship and in Bible knowledge. 
I am quite sure the Board would have been 
highly pleased with their mastery of the 
Catechism and their thorough knowledge of 
the Bible. I hardly need to add that that 
instruction and training improved the moral 
character, elevated the tone of the school, 
and made discipline comparatively easy. 

" We recognize our obligations to the 
Board in making it possible for us to pass 
through another successful year. We can- 
not be too grateful for their kindness. Our 
Father will certainly bless and reward them. 
We have prayed for the prosperity of the 
Board, and have tried to do what we could 
for it and for self-support. We sympathize 
with the Board in its financial condition, 
and pray that God will in due time afford 
the needed help." 



HOME MISSIONS. 



THE HOME MISSION PROBLEM. 
James Russell Lowell says, 

" New occasions teach new duties." 

Not for a generation at least have " new 
occasions " so loomed up before the Ameri- 
can public as to-day. What new duties 
they shall teach it were premature to try to 
say. The occasions themselves have not yet 
emerged, but their shadows are on the 
horizon. 

Our war has gone far enough for us to 
bs able to say that the end of it is not very 
far away. What lies beyond that end is 
not in clear sight, but it requires no prophet 
to outline alternatives, one or the other of 
which will likely be forced upon us. There 
will be an expansion of the territory of this 
Republic, with the moral responsibility 
which such expansion implies ; or there 
will be such new relations to people east and 
west of us as to involve us in large addi- 
tional moral responsibility. Whatever 
alternative, therefore, comes to be the fact, 
no thoughtful person can doubt that there 
will be " new duties''; and they will be 
such as only larger and truer pat r ~* ; sm 
can meet. The moral element in tnese 
duties will be the predominant one. We 
will have to deal with race3 that are either 
semi-barbaric or immersed in the gloom, 
ignorance and degradation of a superstitious 
form of Christian faith. 

To meet the new duties thus arising we 
must be — not in name but in truth — a 
Christian nation with an unselfish national 
policy, with a full sense of our moral obli- 
gations to the weaker peoples whom we 
have annexed, and for whose political and 
moral development we will necessarily 
assume some responsibility. 

There does not seem to be much doubt 
that there will be some western expansion 
of our territory or at least of our national 
interest. The Pacific coast is beginning to 
feel the need of an ocean outlet to other 
people, such as the Atlantic has enjoyed for 
two centuries. The balance of political 
power is rapidly moving toward that coast. 
It naturally, therefore, seeks for an oppor- 
tunity such as can come to it only by com- 
144 



mercial and political relations with nations 
toward the setting sun. Such relations will 
probably be found on the Hawaiian 
islands, possibly in regions beyond. When 
now our western front assumes relations to 
the people beyond it, whether it be by in- 
corporation or some form of protectorate, it 
assumes a moral as well as a political 
responsibility. We have not yet forgotten 
how our moral responsibility was increased 
when Alaska was admitted to the national 
domain. We have not forgotten it because 
we have not yet overtaken it. The call 
for schools and churches and the extension 
of Christian influences among this people 
is far beyond the ability or willingness of 
the Church to meet. If more territory is 
to be added then there must a more 
awakened moral sense in the nation. There 
must be a deep consecration in the Church 
to meet the obligations that come with such 
occupation. 

At this point the home mission problem 
becomes one of profound interest. It is not 
a question of territorial occupation merely, 
nor mainly. Even though we should plant 
schools and open mission stations in all our 
national territory, not so occupied at the 
present time, it would not meet the needs of 
the whole unless therewith there went in 
the Church and home a quickened con- 
science, a larger moral vision, a recognition 
of responsibility for our own people whom 
we have never seen, but whose destiny must 
ultimately be ours ; and a consecration of 
money and of men for their elevation such 
as the Church has never witnessed. 

It comes indeed at last to this : A nation 
favored in temporal things beyond example 
must rise to an appreciation of higher 
values. She must hold herself to her ac- 
countability and learn to estimate national 
life, not by its expansion nor by its com- 
mercial resources, but by the capabilities of 
higher and better living and high moral 
opportunity which these capabilities invite 
and require. 

We must pay for prosperity if we would 
keep it; pay for it in nobler living that 
shall be felt not only in Christian centres, 
but to the very verge of the body politic. 



1898.] 



NOTES. 



145 



Our sporadic heroisms on tented fields and 
shotted shipboard make possible our larger 
destiny, and must be followed by other 
heroisms of a moral and spiritual kind 
which alone can make us worthy of our 
higher destiny or ultimately secure in its 
possession. 

There is thus a home side to home mis- 
sions. The first question is not, How much 
land can we cover with visible signs of occu- 
pation ? but, With how deep a spirit of 
devotion to the Master can we engage in the 
work ? Our first equipment is not that of 
buildings and men, but of the great heart 
iu the Church willing first to live Christ's 
life and then to share it with those who 
have it not. 

When this deeper life lays hold on the 
Church she will not lack for resources 
wherewith to push her mission work. The 
men and women will offer themselves for 
service. The money will abound. 

Once more let us + .ive our lesson from our 
country's present crisis. Suddenly it 
dawned upon us that we had a mission 
toward Cuba. Scarce had the call been 
wed when the ranks overflowed. If a 
million men were needed they would come. 
And as for money, there was a wild scram- 
ble for the privilege of furnishing all that 
may be needed. And all this because of a 
fervent spirit of patriotism. 

Given now a devotion to Christ's king- 
dom — like to a patriot's devotion to his 
country — and there will be no lack of 
means to realize that kingdom among men, 
whether at home or abroad. 

In the face, then, of added responsibili- 
ties to nation and to Church, this is the time 
for praying people to seek their closets. 
More love to Christ will alone insure ade- 
quate devotion to the highest interests of 
men. The missionary spirit has its only 
living spring at the cross. When the 
Church fails in communion with her Master, 
no amount of zeal arising from considera- 
tions other than the love of Jesus and will- 
ingness to climb Calvary with him can 
carry mission work to success. It is true, 
we must save all our people if we would 
save any! It is true we must build 
churches if we would secure the Republic ! 
But below these truths is the inspiring one, 
that to be Christ's we must live his sacrifi- 
cial life, and that if we do not hold our- 
selves and our possessions to his call, when- 



ever that call may be spoken, we may well 
doubt whether we are in living touch with 
him at all ; we may at least be sure we have 
not received his spirit in the measure he 
desires. The joy and power of mission 
service wait therefore for a deeper spirit of 
consecration in the Church and in each 
believer's heart. 



NOTES. 



New Literature. 

The Board of Home Missions is prepar- 
ing a fresh supply of leaflets, bringing the 
facts and figures of its work down to date 
in condensed form. Among the leaflets 
already issued or in preparation are, " The 
Secretary's Address at the General Assem- 
bly," " Abstract of Report of Standing 
Committee on Home Missions, " " Abstract 
of Report of Board of Home Missions," 
" Our Indian Work," and " The South." 
These may be had in any quantities desired 
on application. Others will be added to 
this list from time to time. 

A Veteran. 

Another old home missionary retires from 
active work full of years and crowned with 
the honors of a successful ministry. The 
Rev. Franklin L. Arnold, for the past ten 
years pastor of the Westminster Church in 
Salt Lake City, has completed forty eight 
years in the ministry. Physical infirmities 
compel him to relinquish the work. His 
ministry has been characterized by great 
spiritual power. Like many another hum- 
ble home missionary, he has nourished and 
brought up children who have risen to 
places of prominence and great usefulness. 
Two of his sons are in Germany; one is 
professor of theology in Breslau University, 
while the other is a prominent judge by 
appointment of the emperor. Thus hon- 
ored by his children and beloved by his 
Church he retires to a peaceful old age. 

A Splendid Record. 

Our mission church in the Mormon vil- 
lage of Montpelier, Ida., is making a 
splendid record. - It gave to all benevolent 
causes last year an average of $9.13 per 
member. The Sabbath -school on Chil- 
dren's Day gave $12, an average of eleven 
and one-half cents per member, which is 
twice as much as the average for the Sab- 
bath-schools of the whole Church last year. 



146 



NOTES. 



[August, 



Patriotic Presbyterian Boys. 

Utah has thrown many dark shadows on 
the path of home missions, but a glimpse 
of its brighter future shines out in the fol- 
lowing little letter which has just been 
received in the secretary's office from two 
lads in a Utah home : 

"Dear Sir: — Papa told us some time ago 
that Presbyterian boys were going to send 
their Fourth of July money to pay the 
home missions debt. Brother Chester and 
I have some we would like to send you. It 
is not much, but it will please papa when 
he finds it out. We will show him your 
letter when we get it. Chester is ten and I 
am eleven. We stay with papa here in 
Payson, but Walter and Harold are with 
mamma in Brooklyn. Papa sometimes says 
you have been very kind to us and we want 
to thank you. Your friends, 

" WlLLTE AND CHESTER ." 

These two represent an army of patriotic 
Presbyterian boys on whom one day will 
safely rest the responsibilities of both Church 
and country. Should this letter prompt any 
one to add to the 3d-of- July Patriotic Offer- 
ing, his gift may be sent to the treasurer, 
whose account is still open and who has 
already received an encouragingly large 
number of responses. 




Governor Hastings of Pennsylvania among the Soldiers 
at Camp Alger. 



A Peril. 

One of the perils of immigration is mani- 
fest in the fact well attested that a very 
large number of the Mexicans in New 
Mexico are not in sympathy with the United 
States in the present war with Spain. In 
case of war with any country under the sun 
we would be subject to the possible hostility 
of large internal elements, as we have in 
our cosmopolitan population people from 
every country on earth. No other nation 
has so large a proportion of foreigners as 
ours has. One- fourth of our voters are 
foreign-born. One- third of the population 
is foreign-born or the children of foreign- 
born parents. Our cities are at their 
mercy. The foreign element constitutes 
eighty per cent, of the population of New 
York city, ninety-one per cent, of Chicago, 
eighty- two per cent, of Cleveland, sixty- 
three per cent, of Boston, sixty-two per 
cent, of Cincinnati. 

The metropolis of Great Britain is more 
secure from such a peril; only six per cent, 
of London's population are foreign-born. 
In any foreign complications London would 
have little or nothing to fear from such a 
source, while our cities could never estimate 
the power of foes within. Our newer States 
west of the Mississippi river are in scarcely 
less peril. The percentages of foreigners 
among them are as fol- 
lows: In Montana, forty; 
in Wyoming, fifty-one; 
in Utah, fifty-two; Idaho, 
fifty-three; Arizona, fifty- 
five ; California, sixty; 
Nevada, sixty-three ; 
South Dakota, sixty- 
seven; Minnesota, seven- 
ty-two, and North Dakota, 
seventy-four. Taking the 
whole region west of the 
Mississippi, nearly sixty 
per cent, are foreigners. 

The Sabbath. 



A serious question with 
our missionaries who are 
preaching in mining com- 
munities is the matter of 
general Sabbath desecra- 
tion. One of them says: 
11 The men are compelled 
to work on Sundays or 
lose their jobs. One of 



1898.] 



THE CHURCH AT THE FRONT. 



147 



my elders has to work 
every Sunday or quit. 
One Sabbath recently 
when we held our commu- 
nion service he was away 
at work because he could 
not get off. The Sunday 
work in the mines and 
smelters compels the stores 
and other businesses to go 
right on on Sunday. All 
those who are thoughtful 
are opposed to it, but being 
in the minority they can- 
not help themselves. The 
Eastern owners of the 
iiiines in many cases are 
responsible. AH this works 
very seriously against the 
Church growth and Chris- 
tian life." 




Y. M. C. A. Tent, Camp Alger. 



Horse Needed. 

A letter received recently in the secre- 
tary's office contains the following: " I 
cannot afford to buy a horse and have 
walked fifteen and sixteen miles through 
all kinds of weather and roads that cannot 
be imagined in the East, and preached three 
times in one day. I have been in the work 
so long and I love it so that I can scarcely 
do anything else, but I must have more 
than grit and grace even to do good work 
for the Lord. If I were personally ac- 
quainted with some of those good wealthy 
brethren in the East, I would make myself 
bold enough to ask them to help me to a 
good trusty horse and strong buggy, as 1 
could do so much better work." 

If any one among our readers feels impelled 
thus to aid one of our earnest workers, 
further particulars will gladly be given from 
the Home Mission rooms. 

A Bicycle. 

A faithful missionary who preaches to a 
widely scattered group of churches greatly 
needs and very much desires a bicycle. 
He cannot afford to keep a horse, but could 
use a wheel on the excellent roads over 
which he is compelled to measure many a 
weary mile on foot. He held six meetings 
and walked ten miles on a recent Sabbath. 
If any one has a bicycle which he wishes to 
send on a mission, he can obtain the mis- 
sionary's address by writing to the Home 
Board. 



They Congregate. 

Nearly all our work among foreigners is 
in cities. 



THE CHURCH AT THE FRONT. 

The International Committee of the 
Young Men's Christian Association, when 
the present war began, enlarged the plan 
long followed by State Committees at State 
Annual Encampments. This plan is to 
provide at these summer camps of the 
National Guard a tent which might be used 
for writing, reading, the playing of games 
and evening entertainments during the week 
and for religious services on Sundays. 
Musical instruments are provided. So are 
chairs, singing books, newspapers, Bibles, 
etc., and the place serves as headquarters 
for the quartettes, choruses and various 
clubs that are often formed at camps. 

The war being national, the national part 
of the organ i^^tin^ x -.old of the plan 
and p .~uts for Camps Alger, 

Thomas, Tampa, Cuba Libre, etc. Soon it 
was found that a single tent, as at State 
encampments, was quite inadequate. Hence 
tents were furnished each brigade, and in 
some instances each regiment. In the tent 
the chaplain of the regiment naturally had 
his headquarters. Thus there are at some 
of the camps at this moment as many as 
fourteen tents, where services are had on 
Sundays, and the men congregate during the 



148 



THE CHURCH AT THE FRONT. 



[August, 



week. Iu some cases the chaplains have 
erected altars in their tents, made either of 
pine hoards or ammunition boxes. In 
others, something, that will answer for pul- 
pits is provided, and often covered with flags. 
Toward the support of this work of putting 
the church at the front, members of all 
denominations are contributing. The best 
of feeling prevails. The church that is in 
the camps is like the political North and 
the South, united. Comity prevails. A 
ritualistic Episcopalian is on excellent terms 
with a Presbyterian chaplain. A Lutheran 
and a Methodist exchange " pulpits." 

Chaplain Beaver is a Presbyterian and 
belongs to the One Hundred and Fifty- 
ninth Indiana Regiment. The illustration 
shows him conducting morning service. It 
is a service, for there is some ritual, includ- 
ing responsive readings, chants and the 
Apostles' Creed. The band, which is a 
fine one, plays the chants in excellent 
time. There is a quartette for the anthems. 
The men attend in good numbers and all 
remain to hear a short and bright sermon. 



All of the bands have fallen into the 
habit of playing church tunes, and that on 
days other than Sundays. When military 
regulations do not demand anything in par- 
ticular, church tunes are almost invariably 
selected. Hence it is not uncommon to 
hear, " Nearer, My God, to Thee", or 
" Work, for the Night is Coming", or even 
" Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God Almighty." 
But gospel hymns are most played because 
everybody seems to know them. 

At Camp Alger the ' ' canteen ' ' is unknown, 
and excellent order prevails. There have 
been but two brawls in a month, which for 
25,000 men gathered from everywhere is 
considered a fairly good record. During 
the past few days permission has been 
granted to the Y. M. C. A. Commission to 
undertake similar work among naval men, 
and a three-story building that was formerly 
a cigar factory has been rented at Key 
West and fitted up as a church. The 
illustration of a tent shows a typical one at 
Camp Alger. 




Sunday Morning at Camp Alger, Chaplain Beaver of the 159th^Indiana Regiment. 

Courtesy of ChurcKlEcoaomist. 



1898.] 



FOREIGNERS. 



119 



Concert of Prayer 
For Church Work at Home, 

August— The Foreigners. 

(a) In Coniinunities. 

(b) Mining Districts. 

(c) The Cities. 

(d) Perils of Immigration. 



THE FOREIGNERS. 

One-seventh of our entire population is 
foreign-born. They are here ten millions 
strong; in number more than three times as 
great as our entire population at the time 
when we successfully withstood the armies of 
Great Britain and gained our independence 
— a number nearly equal to the aggregate 
population of Scotland, Ireland and Wales. 
These foreigners in our midst, together with 
their children of the first generation, com- 
prise two -fifths of the entire population of 
our country. They equal the population of 
Korea, Persia and Si am together — a mul- 
titude of twenty-nine millions within a 
nation of seventy millions. 

Among this mighty host are many as 
valuable citizens as ever blessed a nation 
with their love and service. The industri- 
ous and economical Germans, the steadfast 
Scotch, the versatile Irish, and other min- 
gling elements are evolving under our insti- 
tutions a race distinctive, powerful, inde- 
pendent — such as has rarely risen in the 
world. Thoroughly imbued with the gos- 
pel, what need have we to fear; left to 
exist without it, what can we hope ? Our 
perils are great, but our opportunities are 
greater. Twenty per cent, of our immi- 
grants are under fifteen years of age; half 
are under twenty-five. Jf we were prepared 
to take them during their impressible 
youth, Americanize and train them for 
Christ, one element of our present danger 
would become a source of security to our 
country. It should be our earnest purpose 
to make intelligent and loyal Americau 
citizens of them. We must do this if we 
would perpetuate our nation. The dangers 
that threaten us are internal. If we ever 
fall it will not be by any outside power, but 
by destructive internal forces. The citadel 
of our liberties stands upon a volcano as 
long as one-seventh of our population are 
born and reared under institutions alien, if 
not antagonistic, to the genius of our own. 



We must, therefore, America aize those who 
come to us, for our country's sake, and 
Christianize them for their own sake and 
for Christ's sake. By Americanizing them 
is not meant that we are to hasten the busi- 
ness of naturalization, for the multitudes 
from Europe might be induced with all 
required speed to take the oath to uphold 
the Constitution of whose provisions they 
are profoundly ignorant and with whose 
aim they have no sympathy. 

Isolated by the limits of language, the 
foreigner confines his reading to the litera- 
ture of his native country, which keeps 
alive his interest in affairs abroad and his 
love and loyalty to the government and the 
institutions which he left behind, while he 
ignores those under which he has come to re- 
side. Without human sympathy and inter- 
course he can know little of our country 
and institutions. He is imprisoned in his 
mother tongue. A knowledge of our lan- 
guage would tend to scatter these foreign 
populations among our own people and pre- 
vent the dangerous tendency, at present mani- 
fest everywhere throughout our country, to 
form exclusive communities. To accom- 
plish this, the children should be taught in 
English in both Sabbath and day-schools. 
It would not be entirely unreasonable to 
expect all foreigners to acquire a reading 
and speaking knowledge of our language 
within a reasonable length of time. It 
would tend to win their love to our country 
and broaden their conception of American life 
and enterprise. It would bring them into 
social, business and domestic relations with 
our American people more rapidly, and thus 
scatter the nuclei of foreign communities 
that are in our midst. The fact that the 
English-speaking nationalities, such as the 
English, the Scotch and the Irish, are gen- 
erally more diffused, and do not present the 
threatening aspect which separate foreign 
communities within our large cities do, goes 
far toward substantiating this point. 

In our large cities, we have our " Little 
Italies, " "Little Genr anies, " " Little 
Swedens. " In the city of New York there 
are localities where the English language is 
not spoken, and where the news-stands con- 
tain no paper in English, where the shop 
windows have the significant placards, 
"English is spoken here." Dr. Strong 
says that in a certain precinct in Cincinnati, 
where three foreigners acted as judges of 



150 



FOREIGNERS. 



[August, 



the election, a native American was refused 
the right to vote because he could not pro- 
duce naturalization papers. 

While foreigners ought to acquire our 
language, and while we might with perfect 
propriety require their children to do so, 
yet for purposes of religion we must take 
them as we find them. Thirty -one and three- 
quarters per cent, of our foreign population 
caunot even speak the English language, 
and an undetermined, but very large per 
cent, of the rest can use it only in ordinary 
transactions and simple conversation. The 
preaching of the gospel in English is to them 
absolutely unintelligible. The vocabul- 
ary of the pulpit, however simple, is entirely 
different from that with which they are 
acquainted in social life and business trans- 
actions. 

Many of these foreigners, reared under 
an established Church, have no idea of the 
privilege and obligation of supporting the 
ordinary means of grace ; hence most of 
their churches depend upon home mission 
funds to support them. We must work 
patiently with them in view of the fact that 
their idea of a religious life is that it consists 
of the formal ordinances of the Church. 
They have little conception of evangelical 
truth and spiritual religion. They do not 
hunger and thirst for the gospel sufficiently 
to acquire a knowledge of our language in 
order that they might listen to our preach- 
ers. They do not seek the Church; the 
Church must seek them. 

While it might be unwise to instruct the 
children in the day-schools in the language 
of their parents, it would be folly to expect 
the parents to listen to the gospel in the 
acquired language of their children. 

In the twenty counties of Texas dominated 
by Germans, the German language prevails. 
Among the two hundred thousand Scandina- 
vians in Minnesota are many communities 
where the only medium of communication 
is the tongue of their native land. 

At Nauvoo, 111., an English-speaking 
church failed, but a German preacher suc- 
ceeded. He used the English language in 
services as the people acquired a knowledge 
of it, and as a result we now have a success- 
ful English-speaking church. In Auden- 
reid, Pa., dwelt several thousand coal- 
miners. They were the dupes and victims 
of rapacious Roman priests. We had 
English-speaking ministers within easy 



reach, but their influence was not felt 
among the Italians. A young, unordained, 
Italian evangelist went among them in 
1891; years of faithful preaching in their 
vernacular have wrought a revolution. 
There has been built a large Presbyterian 
church with the usual subordinate organiza- 
tions. So powerful has a thoroughly under- 
stood gospel proved to be that the priests 
have lost their power and abandoned the 
field. Religion has to do with the human 
heart; the heart can be reached only 
through the intellect, by means of intelligi- 
ble language. However impressive and 
helpful the formularies of religious worship 
may be, they cannot instruct and edify 
when used in an unknown tongue. 

This principle is further illustrated in our 
work among thd aborigines. Among the 
powerful and warlike Sioux Indians, with 
their thirty thousand souls, the largest and 
most barbarous tribe of Indians on the con- 
tinent, the gospel began to be preached in 
their vernacular less than a generation ago 
without waiting for them to acquire even an 
imperfect knowledge of the English lan- 
guage. The most wonderful results have 
been reached. Already there are twenty - 
three churches ministered to mainly by 
native preachers, devoted and eloquent, all 
constituting a separate presbytery. In 
these churches are consecrated Christian 
women who are organized for the diffusion 
of gospel truth among the neglected portion 
of their own tribe, though they them- 
selves know not a word of English. They 
meet and worship and work intelligently, 
supporting two missionaries and partially 
supporting two others among the wild com- 
munities of their tribe. From the very 
nature of the case such results could not 
have been reached by the use of any other 
than their own language, until a genera- 
tion of their children could be reared and 
educated in our schools. 

The time has passed when every man 
could hear the same voice in his own tongue, 
because the necessity of it has passed. But 
the necessity of every man's hearing in his 
own tongue is still present and always will 
be as long as it continues to be the duty of 
the preacher to edify. It is still true and 
always will be that if I know not the mean- 
ing of the voice, I shall be to him that 
speaketh a barbarian, and he that speaketh 
will be a barbarian to me. 



1898.] 



ALASKA — ARIZONA. 



151 



Letters. 



ALASKA. 

Kev. J. F. Jones, Juneau :— We had the pleasure 
of receiving into the church on profession of their 
faith four souls the past quarter. This makes in 
all received on profession of their faith within the 
four years that I have been here seventy-four. 
We have had nothing of a religious cataclysm or 
volcanic eruption since I came here, but a healthy, 
steady growth, every quarter witnessing some souls 
born into the kingdom. The receptions have about 
equaled the removals by death and change of habi- 
tation. So while we have received so many on pro- 
fession our church is but a trifle larger in numbers 
than when I came here. But this has been main- 
tained in spite of the fact that our community of 
natives has been constantly diminishing. The 
Klondyke gold craze drew a number away to Dyea 
and Skaguay, the portages, where they pack for 
gold seekers. I had also one infant baptism and 
one marriage, making in all within the four years 
sixty-two of the former and twenty-nine of the 
latter. Our services are well attended and pervaded 
by a pleasing spirituality. 

We lost one of our most devout and consecrated 
members the 13th of April. This native woman, 
whose name was Julia McCully, lived such a 
beautifully consistent Christian life for nearly eight 
years, from the time she was baptized, that it 
merits notice. She was the wife of a New York 
man and kept her marriage vows to him inviolate 
for nineteen years. She was the mother of several 
children and endeavored to train them aright. In 
her church duties she was as faithful as the sun, al- 
ways present at each service when her health and 
household cares permitted. The weather never 
hindered her. While she was of a quiet, diffident 
and meek disposition, yet she always took part in 
the prayer meetings when the opportunity was af- 
forded her. She came to church from pleasure and 
not from constraint of duty. She died, not in fear, 
but in hope. 

AKIZONA. 

Rev. D. M. Wynkoop, Phoenix : — During this 
quarter we have taken up the work with the Mari- 
copa Indians. They seem very anxious to hear 
the gospel. When I close the sermon they often call 
on me to preach some more ; tell them more about 
God's Son. The Maricopas have never had the op- 
portunity of hearing the gospel. They speak a 
different language from the Pimas, hence in all 
these years they have never heard the glad tidings. 
They are very degraded in their life, language and 



manners. Some come to our meetings in their 
breech cloths. We have no house of worship in 
the Maricopa village ; we have a brush shed that 
keeps off the heat of the sun, and we trust some 
way will be provided to keep out the cold by the 
time we need it. 

I must have a Maricopa to interpret the Maricopa 
language. At present I have a man that does 
fairly well, who is glad to do this much so the In- 
dians can hear about God, and contrary to the In- 
dian custom he does not want any money for the 
work. He does not understand the English lan- 
guage as well as I would like him to understand it, 
but he does quite well I think. 

The work with the Pimas has been going on 
with steady advancement ; we have not had com- 
munion this quarter, but shall soon. There have 
been some conversions and I think we will have 
quite a number added to the church at our next 
communion. The medicine men have threatened 
to kill my interpreter, Edward Jackson. We 
preach the gospel, which is opposed to the teaching 
of the medicine men, and this is the cause of their 
anger. 

Last week we lost our little baby boy. He was 
four months old when we got him and he stayed 
long enough to win our hearts and love. It was so 
hard to give the little fellow up. Now we have a 
little grave of our own to place flowers upon, a 
little grave at which to shed our tears. The 
Indians showed us every kindness, and in our sad- 
ness I think we have been drawn closer to each other 
than ever before. 

The summer is here again. To you it means 
warmth and pleasure ; to us it means, heat, heat, 
heat. The Indians have poor crops this year, and 
as we have had no rain this winter I think we will 
be very short of water. We began to cut wheat 
May 15. Next quarter I hope to be able to re- 
port many additions to our church. 

I hope and pray that many of the Maricopas 
may give their hearts to God. 



Rev. I. T. Whittemore, Florence : — I have had 
two funerals out of the ordinary line ; one a dear 
woman of twenty-three from Missouri, who died of 
consumption. Like too many, she came too late. 
The last visits to her were delightful. It was 
more like the preparation for a coronal than the 
sepulchre. If she was benefited half as much as I, 
I am glad. Her eyes, though sunken, glistened 
with light from the Celestial City ; eternal youth 
and beauty are hers. 

The other was — one among many — a judge, 
graduate of college, fine scholar, moral man, a few 
years ago worth $15,000, now buried as a pauper. 



152 



CALIFOBNIA — COLOBADO. 



[August, 



" Once a man, twice an infant," mind, memory, 
strength, all gone. A " caved- in" intellect, not a 
relative to mourn. 

Regular services at Casa Grande and Arizola, 
once in two weeks, are sustained with but little 
diminution of force or abatement of energy, as re- 
gards my strength. Next week I go with mule and 
cart ninety miles southeast on my " Fourth Annual 
Itinerary;" Ella, my daughter, accompanies me. 
It is a privilege, not a sacrifice, even for a " sep- 
tuagenarian " to go and feed those hungry people. 
But what a " spread ! " — one hundred and ninety 
miles ! 

Learn hence how much a home missionary longs 
for the removal of the debt and to have a minister- 
at-large or two helpers. May the Lord enable you 
to wipe the debt out before December 31, and 
"open door" with full treasury to enter on a 
career of prosperity for our home mission cause 
larger than ever. 

CALIFORNIA. 

Rev. William L. Johnston, Pacific Beach: — 
There is here at Pacific Beach, which is a suburb and 
within the city limits of San Diego, a magnificent 
group of buildings known as San Diego College. 
The institution is not running, the legislature of 
the State of California having voted to locate a new 
normal school on the campus. Then the politicians 
had the normal diverted to another location, leaving 
this in the lurch. It is now a problem what to do 
with it. Our people are much interested, Presby- 
terians having mcst control of the property. It 
would make a fine, yea palatial home for invalid 
ministers and there are abundant accommodations 
for school also. No doubt the men who could put it 
to good use are living somewhere in the territory 
over which your work extends and they would be 
glad to know of this opportunity, and as it would 
enlarge the interest and opportunity of my parish I 
wish you could inform the right man. The 
trustees have elected me secretary of their board. 
Who can tell but you might be the means of send- 
ing the right man or men here to start up the 
same. The campus and building cost $60,000. 
Once we had 150 students. 

San Diego has long lain in a sort of enchanted 
sleep, by her summer seas, shut in landward by the 
mountains and the desert, waiting for her prince to 
come to show her the way to the land of song and 
story beyond the western ocean. Now the signs of 
his coming are thundered out by Dewey's guns, the 
Star of Empire appears again in the west, and our 
soldier boys are hastening to the sound of the drum 
and the joy of battle is louder than the joy of 



harvest. We cannot always be pent up between 
the burdens of the desert and the sea ; a bond is 
being fabricated to bind us to our destiny beyond 
— strong as Manila cords can make it, and poor old 
San Diego, that has lain among the pots, shall 
come forth with wings like a dove and feathers of 
yellow gold. 

COLORADO. 

Prof. F. M. Gilchrist, Del Norte: — I gave 
close attention to the regular work of the theological 
class of eleven members now completing their fourth 
year of study. There is some discouragement ex- 
isting among some of the members of the class now 
here, growing out of the fact that two years have 
been added to the academic course of the college 
and the requirements in theology have been in- 
creased. Thence it will require from six to 
seven years for the average young Mexican, as he 
comes to us from the mission schools, to complete 
the required course of study, viz., a course of four 
years of Latin, etc., and two years of theology, his- 
tory and homiletics. 

This is as it seems to me about as high a standard 
as we can set for these young men without educa- 
ting them away from their people so far that they 
will neither enjoy their work nor exert the same in- 
fluence possible to our best men as they go out from 
here. 



Rev. J. H. Rennie, Ouray : — Upon such a field 
as this various methods must be adopted in order to 
meet the various phases of life. In one community 
efforts among the elder class will bring the best re- 
wards and reaching them reaches the younger class as 
well. But the opposite is more generally true. In- 
teresting and securing the presence of the young 
more often brings the elder class. Where the lambs 
find a pleasant pasture the old sheep go. Ouray is 
no exception in this regard. For six months back 
very little visiting has been done among the older 
classes, but every path in which the young were 
walking, every park in which they were playing, 
has been visited and watched, and sports of a Chris- 
tian character encouraged. It has often been said, 
" Rennie has not forgotten how to be a boy." As 
well be one of Christ's " boys" as one of Christ's 
men, if as a boy I can bring more boys to Christ. 
And, moreover, let the results speak for themselves. 
Look first at the Sunday-school ; it has had a steady 
growth for six months. The infant Y. P. S. C. E. 
is now six months old, has seventy- two members, 
forty-nine of whom are active. Its prayer- meeting 
attendance on Sabbath evenings is about seventy- 
five. Thus far it has conducted the evening ser- 
vice of the church on the last Sabbath of each 



1898.] 



COLORADO — FLORIDA — IDAHO — KANSAS — MISSOURI. 



153 



month with great credit to itself and thus it is 
brought into sympathy with the church. The num- 
ber of its members who attend the midweek prayer 
meeting have put the church members to shame 
and as a result of the work of the society the con- 
gregation at the church service has been doubled. 
Several times recently the church building has been 
taxed to its utmost capacity to seat the congrega- 
tion. The presence of the children in many cases 
brought the parents and the parents were most 
happy to see the children there. 



Kev. A. F. Heltman, Brighton: — In August, 
1884, the first services (of the Brighton, Colo., 
Presbyterian Church) were held in a saloon. On 
the first day or two — so the older members tell — 
the cowboys shouted and hurrahed outside and even 
went so far as to send a few revolver shots through 
the windows. That saloon-keeper, though not sur- 
rendering fully to Christ, quit the saloon business. 
At the close of the special meetings held by our pres- 
ent beloved evangelist, H. W. Rankin, the church 
was organized. Its growth has been slow but steady. 
If some of our Eastern brethren could spend 
their vacation in the West, how much better they 
would understand the work done here ! Our stations 
at Barr and at Henderson have been sources of 
strength. I go to Barr the first Sunday of each 
month, and through a young man who is laboring 
at present in this field with me I have been 
preaching each Sunday evening at Henderson. I 
understand German somewhat, but not sufficiently 
to preach in that tongue. As this young man 
speaks good German we began German services 
last Sunday afternoon at two o'clock. The German 
people responded sympathetically to the service and 
liberally to the collection. On the whole our com- 
munity is not wealthy. 

With pleasure we will take a collection May 
29 for Sabbath- school mission work. 



FLORIDA. 



Rev. C. 

suffered or enjoyed the excitement of an army camp 
ground for the last two weeks. The 71st Regi- 
ment, New York, was camped near the church and 
tilled it full at each service. Other soldiers on the 
streets erased all signs of Sunday from the staid 
little town by mules and wagons, galloping troopers, 
clouds of dust, shouts of men and blasts from trum- 
pets. The native population were never so excited. 



About eighteen miles from here lies Roxbury, the 
Mormon capital for this part of the State. In my 
last report I stated that I had started a Sabbath- 
school and church services there too. The at- 
tendance and interest are increasing. Last Sabbath 
I had thirty in the Sabbath- school and forty in the 
church service. These are nearly all Mormons, 
there being only some ten or fifteen Gentiles in the 
town. The Mormons so far have been courteous 
and attentive, and I pray God that I may reach 
them with the Bread of Life in their more than 
Egyptian darkness. It makes it pretty hard to 
preach here twice on the Sabbath and drive thirty- 
six miles and hold two services there every Sab- 
bath, but for this summer for their sakes I must do 
so and get them well organized and in a condition 
to help themselves. 

KANSAS. 
Rev. J. Baay, Smith Centre:— This is the last 
quarter of my labor in the missionary field ; it is 
also the close of thirty-eight years of missionary 
labor, six of which I spent in the service of the Re- 
formed Church and the remainder in the service of 
the Presbyterian Church. During all that time I 
had one vacation, in 1877, and three times was sent 
as a commissioner to the General Assembly. I am 
still, through the mercies of God, hale, hearty and 
strong, though beginning to be called an old man. 
I have performed this quarter the same amount of 
labor as usual. The field which I have now occu- 
pied for eleven years requires still undivided atten- 
tion. Unbelief, rationalism, materialism, indiffer- 
ence and the ceaseless activity of everything that 
assumes to be the church and proclaims a gospel, 
much of which is not found within the pages of 
Holy Writ, are contesting for adherents, and the 
worst is the mixture of God and Mammon — of 
Christ nominally and the world practically ; of 
gospel, card playing and dancing ; of keeping Con- 
tinental Sabbath and going to church once when it 
does not storm or projects of travel and pleasure do 
not interfere ; such somewhat is the religious con- 
dition of the greater part of this community. 
There is comparatively but little taste for a pure 
gospel and for true, godly living. There a^e true 
children of God here, to be sure, but they are 
far in the minority. At times I must confess I feel 
discouraged. But I cannot withdraw my hand 
from the plough. 



IDAHO. 
Rev. W. Stuart Wilson, St. Anthony .—Our 
church is the only one in u Fremont county. 



MISSOURI. 
Rev. James Lafferty, Washington 



There 



are many adversaries. The open saloon, more 
widely open on the Sabbath than any other day, is 
one of the worst. 



154 



MISSOURI OKLAHOMA. 



[August, 



Kev. Filippo Grilli, St. Louis : — The French 
services have been well attended. Some of our 
people, it is true, have left us to go back to their 
own country, but others have come to take their 
places. Among these we find a family, with father, 
mother and several children, who live outside the 
city, but not so far but they will be able to come to 
the meetings. 

This work among Swiss and French has its im- 
portance and usefulness ; while some of them are 
members of American churches, the great majority 
do not attend any church, either because they have 
only a few hours in the afternoon every second Sun- 
day, or because they cannot understand English 
(the newly arrived in this country and the old folks), 
or because they find themselves in new surroundings 
and lose the habit of going to church. But there 
is another reason why this work has its usefulness : 
we have to resist the encroachments of Catholicism. 
So many simple-minded girls come to this country 
to make their living and very often have to 
enter a Romish household. Protestants of America 
think there is no danger from Romanism in this 
free republic and even that the truth permeates and 
changes Catholicism. I do not know how far that 
is true, but I know by the experience of several 
persons of my congregation that in those Catholic 
families where some of our Protestant girls have 
the misfortune of falling they will do all they can 
to pervert them. A young lady whose parents 
were French Lutherans united at first with the 
Episcopal Church, but by and by was induced to 
embrace Catholicism, and we have never seen her 
since. 

The Italian services have had their ups and downs. 
Italians do not easily find steady work and have to 
move from one city to another ; and when they be- 
come interested they are restrained by the fear of 
being despised by their acquaintances and friends. 
The priests and nuns are doing everything to pre- 
vent children from coming to us, and whipping is 
in full blast at the cathedral schools for all those 
who dare to go to the Protestants. Notwithstand- 
ing all that, the ground here seems to be better 
prepared than ever before. 

Some months ago an Italian priest came to this 
city with the purpose of building an Italian church. 
The Italian colony is quite large and numbers 
several rich men among those, especially, who 
have made their fortune in the liquor traffic. The 
young priest became acquainted with some of the 
most influential people, elected a committee, sent 
circulars inviting Italians to a meeting for the pur- 
pose of collecting money and pushing the enterprise 
of the church building. There was, I have been 
told, a large attendance, and several people were 



ready to subscribe a good amount. But the priest, 
fresh from Rome, wanted the people to strictly ob- 
serve the mass, the confessional and every other 
ceremony. The people were willing to give money, 
but did not want the priest to interfere with their 
habits. "We are good Catholics," they said, 
" but we want to do what pleases us, as we are in 
a free country." Then the priest became angry 
and said he would excommunicate them, and a row 
followed, women and children screaming, others 
fleeing to avoid trouble. The daily papers had an- 
nounced the meeting, but nothing has been said 
about the result. The father is now trying to rec- 
oncile the " disjecta membra " of this unfortunate 
colony ; but the moneyed people decline to give 
him encouragement and support. He says he will 
build the church anyhow and dedicate it for the 
poor people ; but when he asks for money I pre- 
sume he will change his mind. May the Lord 
hasten the day when the poor deluded people will 
open their eyes and their hearts and receive Jesus 
as their Prophet, Priest and King. There are 
some among the more conscientious who are now 
prepared to listen to the gospel. 

Besides the Italian and French meetings and the 
Sunday-school every Lord's day, we have weekly 
prayer meetings and night-schools. We visit the 
people in their homes and the sick in the hospitals. 
We distribute tracts, papers and New Testaments, 
whenever and wherever it is possible, and hope 
that some day the good seed which has been scat- 
tered will bring forth fruit to the glory of God. 



OKLAHOMA. 

Rev. John Mordy, Guthrie : — The ordinary man 
works every Sabbath and when he has a day off he 
has no inclination to go to church. On Saturday 
nights there is usually a great ball, which runs on 
till almost daylight on Sabbath morning and pre- 
pares men and women who can to remain in bed 
all day on the Sabbath. On each Sabbath after- 
noon there is a grand match game of ball between 
the two towns, Clifton and Morenci, when persons 
who could never get off duty to attend church are 
prominent figures. The excitement calls out the 
women as well as the men, and money which ought 
to be spent for other things is staked on the result 
of the game. 

I cannot say that our mission work is making 
much progress, for under the circumstances the 
gospel does not get a hearing. While we are not 
asking for any aid from the Board, we cannot in any 
sense be regarded as a self-sustaining congregation, 
if indeed our imperfect organization can be called 
a church at all. I think that your Board should 



1898.] 



TEXAS — UTAH — WASHINGTON. 



155 



commission me to this field without salary from the 
Board for the next three months and at the end of 
that time do what seems best. My motive in not 
asking any assistance from the Board is not only to 
save the Church's money, but to get an opportunity 
of pressing the necessity of our work on other 
parties who ought to do more to assist us. Living 
is very high, and as I cannot get a house for less than 
from $25 to $30 per month I have been compelled 
to leave my family at Shakespere, about seventy- 
five miles away, and so I have not only the incon- 
venience of living away from home, but I have the 
expense of boarding in addition to keeping house. 
If the effort which I am now making to bring the 
field to self-support fail we may have to return at 
the end of three months and ask for assistance to 
the extent of $15 or $20 per month, but even if we 
do become self-supporting financially we will still 
remain only a mission field, for your lonely mission- 
ary will always feel the need of moral and spiritual 
support even more than he does of financial aid. 



TEXAS. 

Kev. J. Love joy Kobertson, D.D., Galveston: 
— A house of worship has been bought by my 
people. It is admirably located and is commodious, 
or sufficiently so for some years to come, and is in 
every way quite suitable for our use. It has cost 
us $4800, apart from seating, carpeting, pulpit, 
lighting, etc. We have paid $800 of the $4800, as 
well as the greater part of the extra expenses, and 
have paid also for insurance and the interest on 
$4000 borrowed until August 9. Toward all this we 
have very little help from outside and the strain 
upon my people has been pretty severe. It is our 
hope that in some way by August 9 we can cut 
down our $4000 indebtedness to $3500. I wish you 
could get somebody to send us some of this money. 

During the quarter there have been fourteen ad- 
ditions to the church, eight by profession and six 
by letter. The church is thoroughly united and 
enthusiastic. I have become much attached to the 
people, and have been formally called to be the 
pastor. 

UTAH. 
Kev. Arthur T. Rankin, D.D , Brigham: — 
We lost by sudden death Leman Johnston, who, 
though not a member of the church, had always 
given our work his sympathy and his moral sup- 
port and whose daughter I baptized and received 
into the church. She has been for two years in 
the Collegiate Institute, having received all her 
previous education in our schools. In a sermon I 
referred to the change in public sentiment during 
his residence here. He stood as a representative 



and an advocate of the change — living with and 
loving one wife, while eighty- two men in town 
were living with from two to nine each — bringing 
his children to our school while others threw stones 
through the windows — showing loyalty to the flag 
of his country while others threatened to tear it 
from the staff. Our " Teachers' Home" was fired 
at midnight, with four women in bed within it, 
and two hours after the barn was burned, shortly 
after my coming. But now all is changed. No un- 
kind word, look or deed has come to any of our work- 
ers since and public sentiment would not approve it. 
Kev. James H. Mateer, Bichjkld : — The war 
excitement has done much to bring together differ- 
ent religious elements. The son of the missionary 
volunteered in the Utah cavalry and was instru- 
mental in the enlistment of several Mormon young 
men. The memorial service on May 30 was the 
most largely attended of any one ever held here 
and the first one in which the Mormons ever par- 
ticipated. At one of the Mormon Sunday services 
a speaker had some severe things to say about the 
" sects ' ' when a prominent Scandinavian official, 
who is considered very radical, reminded him that 
the saints were not the only good people. It is 
true we generally look upon every Morman act as 
policy, but we find encouragement in the fact that 
policy leads them to friendly treatment of Gentile 
Christians. We united with the Methodist brethren 
in a three weeks' meeting here in a large gospel 
tent which was pitched in a very prominent place ; 
this could not have been done a few years ago. 
Our uniting with them answered a charge so often 
made by Mormons and others that Christians can- 
not agree. The tent seated 500 people and was 
often full at evening meetings. There are not over 
100 Gentiles in the town, so a large number of Mor- 
mons listened attentively to the gospel, the efforts of 
the priesthood to the contrary notwithstanding. 



WASHINGTON. 

Rev. Robert Arkley, South Bend : — Many 
things come to us to try our faith and discourage 
further effort. Did we not know that the battle is 
the Lord' s and were we not assured by the promise of 
the Almighty himself of ultimate success we would 
almost despair. Work along the whole coast line 
is progressing only slowly. Souls come slowly into 
the kingdom, "and because iniquity abounds the 
love of many waxes cold." Our greatest discour- 
agements come from godless church members 
whose example and influence are not only not help- 
ful but harmful. 

Sabbath desecration is painfully common in this 
city. Sunday excursions, Sunday baseball and foot- 



156 



WASHINGTON — APPOINTMENTS. 



[August, 



ball and Sunday bicycling are all having a terrible 
influence on the character of the young people and 
are among the greatest difficulties we have to meet ; 
some of the aforesaid church members lending not 
only their approval, but themselves being present 
at such things. 

I have organized during the quarter a Bible his- 
tory class which meets every Sabbath afternoon for 
the study of the history in the Bible. The attend- 
ance is encouraging. 



Kev. D. D. Allen, No. Yakima: — At the close 
of the service a family presented themselves before 
the session and the father and mother were received 
on confession of faith. They said they represented 
a large settlement about fourteen miles below 
Parker, where they seldom have any religious ser- 
vices of any kind. 

I regarded it as a call from God to go and preach 
to them. After sending an appointment I went 
down to fill it. God evidently prospered me on 
my way. I crossed on a narrow bridge over a 
gulch perhaps twenty feet deep. The bridge fell 
in about half an hour after I crossed it. I found a 
congregation at the schoolhouse apparently hungry 
for gospel truth. It is an inspiration to preach to 
those who are hungering for the truth. They not 



only keep their ears and eyes wide open, but some- 
times also their mouths. The next day I called 
upon several families in their homes, and found 
them an intelligent, well-raised set of people, having 
collected there from various parts of the country. 
The oldest farm is only six years old. It was as un- 
promising as the region which our old-time geogra- 
phies called "The Great American Desert." It 
produced nothing but sage brush. But by means of 
irrigation it is being transformed into a fruitful field,. 
The farmers can cut three crops of clover or five 
crops of alfalfa in a season. Orchards five years old 
produce freely and the trees are as large at that age 
as trees in the East generally are at ten or twelve 
years. The climate is so mild that there is but 
little winter. I presume that there are 200 or more 
people in a radius of five miles and the prospects 
are that the population will triple in the next six 
years. I was told there was another large settle- 
ment about six or seven miles below that is much 
more compact. I shall visit and preach at both 
points next week. The people came here very poor 
and have had a hard struggle to bring their farms 
into a state of cultivation. But they are an indus- 
trious, thrifty class of people, and if properly en- 
couraged I think will build strong Presbyterian 
churches. 



APPOINTMENTS. 
H. Keigwin, Presbyterial Missionary, 



Fla. 
Cal. 



A. J. Ross, Covelo, 

H. L. Cornell, Novato, 1st, " 

H. Hill, lone, 1st, " 

C. H. Smith, Anderson, Olinda and station, " 

A. Haberly, Elk Grove and station, " 

W. G. Mills, Santa Paula, " 

J. Gw Anderson, Roseville and Orangevale, " 

T. Magill, Virginia City, 1st, Nev. 

J. M. McDonald, Wells and Starr Valley, " 

G. T. Crissman, Denver, South Broadway, Colo. 

A. W. Reinhard, Denver, 1st, German, " 

A. McKay, Central City, 1st, and Black Hawk, " 

H. S. Killen, Denver, Highland Park, " 

A. F. Heltman, Brighton, 1st, and stations, " 

W. Hicks, Littleton, 1st, " 

G. S. Darley, Georgetown, 1st, " 

R. B. Adams, Kingfisher, 1st, O. T. 

C. C. Weith, Jefferson, 1st, and station, " 
P. D. Munsell, Calvary, Winnview and stations, " 

E. B. Evans, Mulhall, Hopewell, East Langston and 

McKinley, " 

D. I. Jones, Chandler and Clifton, " 
H. L. Moore, Newkirk, " 
N. S. Fiscus, Stroud, 1st, •' 
V. Hlavaty, Cedar Rapids, Bohemian, Iowa. 
W. H. McCuskey, Volga and station, " 
J. S. Crousaz, French Creek, Mt. Hope, " 
A. C. Kruse, Ramsey, German, and Germania, 1st, " 

F. Heilert, Arcadia, " 
S. Ollerenshaw, Algona, 1st, and Irvington, " 
J. R. Vance, Pomeroy, 1st, " 
A. W. McConnell, Dedham, 

W. S. Shiels, Keokuk, 2d, « 



J. W. Carlstrum, Conroy, Hilton, 
K. J. McAulay, Crawfordsville, 1st, 

B. C. Swank, Deep River, 

H. Wortman, Lyon Co., 1st, German, 

A. G. Bailey, Hartley, 1st, 

D. Mouw, Hospers, Holland, 

J. C. Calnon, Wichita, West Side and Harmony, 

T. F. Barrier, Wichita, Bethel and Endeavor, 

W. S. Morley, Emporia, Arundel Avenue, 

H. A. Zimmerman, Mulvane and Waco, 

S. C. Kerr, Reece, 

J. L. Amlong, Oxford, 1st, and Mount Vernon, 

J. P. Viele, Maxson and Queneme, 

J. W. Funk, Derby, El Paso and Genda Springs, 

J. S. McClung, Brainerd, 

V. M. King, Lyon Co., Westminster and station, 

A. S. Davis, Cedar Point, 1st, and Clements, 

H. M. Markley, Cedar Point, 1st, and Clements, 

W. A. Most, Ness City, 1st, and Bazine, 

D. E. Ambrose, Roxbury, 1st, Canton and Galva, 
G. R. Morley, Liberal, 1st, 

W. Mooney, Parker, 1st, 

W. H. Carnine, Ft. Scott, 2d, Glendale, Pleasant II 

and Prescott, 
W. B. Brown, Hays City and Wakeeny, 
J. Welch, White Lily, Lone Star acd stations, 
W. H. Course, Aurora, 1st, and Milton vale, 

E. S. Brownlee, Kansas City, Grandview Park, 
T. D. Davis, Pastor-at-Large, 

C. W. Backus, Argentine, 1st, 

F. D. Breed, Riley and Sedalia, 
L. R. Smith, Oakland, 

J. T. Copley, Manhattan, Seymour and stations, 

A. J. Thomson, Kuttawa, Hawthorne and Chapel Hill 

D. M. Grant, Louisville, Calvary, 



Iowa. 



Kans. 



Ky. 



1898.] 



APPOINTMENTS. 



157 



T. B. Leith, Saline, 1st, Mich. 
K. B. Dunning, Plainfield, 1st, and Unadilla, 

E. A. Hoffman, lien ton Harbor, 1st, " 

T. W. Monteith, Martin, 1st, " 

J. A. Greene, Pastor-at-Large, " 

W. M. Campbell, Munising, 1st, " 

E. A. Douglass, Grand Marais, 1st, " 
L. C. McBride, Holt, 1st, 

E. P. I Hinlap, East Jordan, " 

A. Danskin, West Bay City, Covenant, " 

W. J. Voung, Hillman and stations, " 

W. J. Hall, Cloquet, Minn. 

E. L. Coudray, Barnum and Moose Lake, 1st, " 

N. H. Bell, Pastor-at-Large, " 

C. S. McKinney, Canby, 1st, Fairview and Westside, " 
W. F. Finch, Beaver Creek and Hills, " 
J. F. Montman, Summit Lake, " 
W. W. McHenry, Woodstock, 1st, " - 
R Brown, Minneapolis, Bethany, " 

D. E. Evans, Minneapolis, House of Faith and Columbia 

Heights, " 

J. H. Whistler, Minneapolis, Franklin Avenue, " 

J. C. Faries, Waverly, Union, " 

W. Douglas, Maine, 1st, and Maplewood, " 
R. L. Snyder, Cedar Mills, Spring Grove and Greenleaf, " 

R. Drysdale, Hawick, Burbank and New London, " 

J. F. Watkins, Pastor-at-Large, Mo. 

L. M. Belden, Kansas City, 3d, " 

M. B. W. Granger, Warsaw and Sunny Side, " 

W. Sample, El Dorado Springs, 1st, " 

W. M. Newton, Lowry City, " 

J. T. Boyer, Osceola and Vista, 1st, " 

E. E. Stringfield, Springfield, 2d, " 
A. M. Mann, Preston, Irwin and Salem, " 
J. T. Curtis, Eureka Springs, 1st, Ark. 
W. G. Moore, Buffalo and Conway, " 
J. M. Swander, New Cambria and Pleasant Ridge, " 

E. B. Teis, Weston, 1st, " 
J. A. Gallaher, St. Louis, Clifton Heights, " 
J. B. Brandt, St. Louis, Tyler Place, " 
W. Goessling, Bethlehem, " 

F. H. Gwynne, Synodical Missionary, Mont. 
S. H. Weller, Butte, 3d, " 
E. N. Raymond, Pony, 1st, and station, " 
J. C. Sloan, Pastor-at-Large, Neb. 
D. Oastler, Gordon, 1st, and station, " 

C. F. Graves, Pastor-at-Large, " 

D. L. Wilson, Litchfield, Sweetwater and Ansley, " 
A. Patterson, Dublin, Clontibret and station, " 
J. L. Atkinson, Sutherland, " 
J. Ratz, Plattsmouth, German, " 

0. Bostrom, Elgin, " 

1. T. Whittemore, Florence, Ariz. 
T. C. Moffett, Raton, 1st, N. M. 

E. A. Nelson, Manchester, Westminster, N. H. 

C. Bauer, Manchester, 1st, German, " 
J. R. Mackey, Providence, 2d, R. I. 
R. Charnock, Fall River, Globe, Mass. 

D. B. McMurdy, Lynn, 1st, " 
A. Laird, New Bedford, 1st, " 
M. J. Doak, Enderlin, 1st, and Lucas, N. D. 
T. K. Fisher, Hillsboro, 

T. E. Douglas, Willow City, 1st, and stations, " 

M. Alberts, Leeds and stations, " 

C. D. McDonald, Grafton, 1st, " 

J. P. Schell, Conway, Ramsays Grove and stations, " 

T. U. Richmond, Bathgate and Tyner, 1st, " 

T. Dougan, Langdon and stations, " 

C. McKibbin, Forest River, " 

D. J. Sykes, Milton, Osnabrock and E. Alma, " 



W. Gillespie, Ardoch, 1st, and Greenwood, N. D. 

J. R. Campbell, Hoople, 1st, and Elora, " 

T. Stevenson, Beaulieu, " 

J. S. Hamilton, Cavalier and Hamilton, " 

W. W. McRae, Drayton and stations, " 

J. G. Smith Sanborn, " 

R. Johnston, Gilby and station, " 

S. Andrews, Glasston and St. Thomas, " 

E. M. Atwood, Larimore, " 

W. S. Wright, Portland, Mt. Tabor and Sellwood, Oreg. 

W. T. Wardle, Portland, Mizpah and station, " 

E W. St. Pierre, Portland, St. Johns, " 

M. Robertson, Knappa, 1st, and Westport, " 
S. A. George, Tualatin Plains, Forest Dale and station, " 

A. A. Hurd, Springwater and Bethel, " 

A. R. Griggs, Tillamook, 1st, and Bay City, " 

W. T. Scott, Fairview, Smith Mem'l and stations, " 

A. H. Bauman, Bethany, 1st, German and stations, " 

D. H. McCullagh, Dallas, 1st, 

M. H. Hagler, Welsh Mountain Mission, Pa. 

O. H. McGowan, Carlisle, Colored Mission, " 

E. J. Wright, Sturgis, 1st, and stations, S. D. 
W. J. Thompson, White, 1st, and station, " 
U. Gr. Lacey, Wentworth, Colman and Bethel, " 
J. P. Williamson, General Missionary to the Dakota 

Indians, " 

A. F. Johnson, Pine Ridge Agency, " 

E. J. Lindsey, Poplar Creek Agency (Indian), Mont. 

J. Rogers, Lower Brule Agency (Helper), S. D. 

M. Makey, Poplar Agency, Mont. 

J. Day, Pine Ridge Agency, S. D. 

J. Flute, Pine Ridge Agency, " 

H. H. McQuilkin, Dayton, 1st, Tenn. 

J. Henry, Chattanooga, Park Place, " 
J. R. Burchfield, Hill City, North Side and Sherman 

Heights, " 

H. M. Pressly, Thomas, 1st, and Pratt City, Ala. 

W. A. Ervin, Eockwood, Wartburg and Kismet, Tenn. 

J. M. Hunter, Madisonville and Unitia, " 

W. S. Pryse, Knoxville, Atkin Street, " 

T. Campbell, Knoxville, Lincoln Park, " 

A. McLaren, Westminster and St. Paul, " 

E. H. Hudson, Henrietta, 1st, and Wichita Falls, Tex. 

H. A. Howard, Jacksboro, 1st, " 

J. G. Smith, Dallas, Bethany, " 

S. W. Patterson, Dallas, Exposition Park, " 

E. N. Murphy, Boise, 2d, and Bethany, Ida. 

M. H. Mead, Nampa, 1st, " 

C. F. Richardson, Ogden, 1st, Utah. 
E. L. Anderson, Salina, Crosby Mem'l and Gunnison, " 
M. D. McClelland, Sitka, Alaska. 
J. R. Thompson, Aberdeen, Westport and station, Wash. 
L. D. Wells, Ilwasco, " 
G. M. Gibson, Tacoma, Sprague Mem'l and Westminster, " 

E. R. Prichard, Puyallup, 1st, and Sumner, " 

D. D. Allen, Natcheze, Moxee and Parker, " 
D. Ross, Seattle, Calvary, " 
C. J. Godsman, Anacortes, Westminster, " 
J. H. Beattie, North Yakima, 1st, %t 
G. H. Haystead, Cully Mem'l, Kettle Falls and Myers 

Falls, 

H. F. M. Ross, La Crosse, North, Wis. 

P. Waalkes, Beloit, German, " 

A. A. Amy, Lowville, Pardeeville and Rocky Run, " 

W. J. Turner, Prairie du Sac, " 

F. T. Bastel, Gibson, Hope Mission, " 
M. Breeze, Cambridge and Oakland, " 

A. C. Stark, Milwaukee, 1st, German, " 

B. H. Idsinga, Milwaukee, Holland, " 
J. J. Simpson, Milwaukee, North, " 



158 



[August, 




c "2 

I! 

6 I 



I S 



O 05 

r- a 

— •- 



Young People's Christian Endeavor. 



Willing hearted service is the missionary motto this 
year of the Presbyterian young people in Califor- 



The one and only purpose of the Young People's 
Society of Christian Endeavor is to bear fruit. — 
Dr. F. E. Clark. 

Secretary Baer reports that during the past year 

225,754 persons from Junior, Intermediate and 

Young People's societies have been welcomed to 

church membership. 

* * 

The consecration meeting, says Dr. Clark, 
should not be regarded as the apex of a mountain, 
but rather as a table-land on which we may dwell 
all the time. 

*** 

If a monument is ever erected in Alaska for any 
one, let it be for that man who has made Alaska 
what it is to-day — Dr. Sheldon Jackson. — Mr. Ed- 
ward Marsden. 

*** 

Salmond's " Exposition of the Shorter Cate- 
chism" and Robertson's "Teaching of Jesus," 
were the two books studied last year by the Young 
People's Guild of the Irish Presbyterian Church. 

Dr. Fairbairn points out as the first condition of 
devotional study that the Bible be taken, not as 
spoken to men centuries ago, but as a living revela- 
tion for the present. 

* 

A waiter in a Glasgow hotel, in which two hun- 
dred delegates to a Christian Endeavor convention 
were entertained, said to the servants : " Oh, these 
people are just converted Christians." 

*** 
Fourteen thousand examination papers were sent 
in by members of the Baptist Young People's 
Union who pursued the educational courses in the 
Bible and the history of Christian missions. 

*** 
Mrs. R. F. Coyle writes that some of the Pres- 
byterian young people in San Francisco are con- 
tributing to foreign missions through "In His 
Name' ' and other kindred societies. 

*** 

One who spoke at the Glasgow Endeavor 

convention on the ' ' quiet hour ' ' said there can 

be little true consecration without real communion 

with God. The danger of to-day is lest we hear 



the word " go" and miss the word "tarry " — that 
way lies impotency, disaster, defeat. The great 
rivers of the world rise in the seclusion of the moss 
and moor and mountain ; it is a parable of the 
Christian life. Spiritual fullness comes from the 
silent moments of communion. 

* 
The true spirit of giving was illustrated by the 
native Christian in Asia Minor who, when a con- 
tribution was solicited for the building of a new 
church, offered to give five rows of grapes on the 
sunny side of his vineyard. 

* 
From one of the leaders of young people's work 
in the Presbytery of Stockton, comes a plea for bet- 
ter informed members and for more of the same in- 
terest to be manifested in mission work that is 
felt for personal affairs. 

* * 

* 

For five years past The Northern Light has been 
published four times a year at Fort Wrangel as an 
exponent of Presbyterian missions in Alaska, for 
the information of Christian Endeavor societies 
and other contributors to the support of the work. 
Hereafter The North Star of Sitka is to be united 
with The Northern Light and issued under the latter 
name six times a year. The subscription price 
will be thirty cents. 

*** 

Prof. Carl I. Ingerson, superintendent of the First 
Presbyterian Sunday-school in St. Louis, expresses 
the opinion that instruction in missions will rescue 
the religious life of our young people from lapsing 
into disastrous sentimentalism. Missionary in- 
struction will develop from knowledge, interest ; 
from interest, sympathy ; from sympathy, sub- 
stance ; from substance, prayer. The result is the 
coming of Christ's kingdom. 

*** 
Some one has illustrated the blessing that comes 
to a life spent in the companionship of Jesus by 
the Dutch method of cultivating the rose. An in- 
ferior bush is planted near to one of superior quality ; 
its anthers are removed to avoid self pollenization, 
and that it may be pollenized by its stronger neigh - 
bor. Gradually the rose thus treated takes upon 
itself the characteristics of the superior life of its 
companion. If self be sacrificed to make room for 
the incoming of the superior life of Christ, the life 
will gradually lose its own inferior characteristics 
and take on those of the Master. 

159 



160 



YOUNG PEOPLE'S CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR. 



[August, 




Mr. John Willis Baer 
was called in 1890 from 
his business life in Min- 
neapolis to the secretary- 
ship of the United Soci- 
ety of Christian Endea- 
vor. To this responsible 
position he brought the 
ability and enthusiasm of 
a successful business man, 
and his consecrated zeal 
has had a helpful influence upon the work and 
character of tens of thousands of young people. A 
magnetic speaker, he always receives an enthusias- 
tic welcome when he appears upon the platform of 
a Christian Endeavor convention. Mr. Baer is 
an elder in the First Presbyterian Church of Bos- 
ton, Mass., and was a commissioner to the last 
General Assembly from the Presbytery of Boston. 

* 
In a recent address before a company of students 
on the devotional study of the Bible, Dr. Fair- 
bairn insisted upon the need of earnest, faithful 
study as a preparation for devotional reading. He 
thought it unwise to take isolated texts for such 
reading. The text is meaningless without the con- 
text ; you cannot understand the last verses of the 
eighth of Komans unless you appreciate the argu- 
ment that has gone before. 

*** 
Hie young people of twenty-two presbyteries 
within the territory of the Woman's Presbyterian 
Board of Foreign Missions of the Southwest are to 
have the opportunity of becoming informed in re- 
gard to missions. The secretary of the Board re- 
ports in Woman's Work for Woman that steps have 
been taken to put in operation a plan for a Travel- 
ing Missionary Library, one library in a case for 
each presbytery. It is expected the plan will be in 
full operation in the autumn. 

*** 
There is a lesson for all Endeavorers in the pains- 
taking effort of Meissonier to do his very best. 
His famous picture, "1807," was shown at the 
Vienna exhibition and seemed so perfect a compo- 
sition that the most severe judges found no fault 
with it. The writer of a recent biographical sketch, 
who gives many examples of Meissonier' s conscien- 
tious manner, relates that when the picture was re- 
turned to his studio at Poissy, the artist, seeing it 
afresh, with rested eye and brain, at once detected 
where an improvement could be made which would 
enhance the general effect. So he patiently re- 
painted a portion of the canvas, a reconstruction 
representing six months of assiduous labor, which 
a less conscientious painter would have shirked. 



The Kev. Theo. F. Burnham writes thus in The 
Occident : In many churches the problem of the 
second service can best be solved by combining the 
C. E. meeting with the usual preaching service. 
Let the young people take three quarters of an hour 
for the usual prayer meeting. Then let the pastor 
make a crisp, pointed address of not more than 
fifteen minutes on the same theme, and a profitable 
service will result, as well the settlement of many 
present difficult problems. 

*** 

Mr. Frederic Harrison, in an address on " Style 
in English Prose ' ' before an Oxford literary society, 
said : Head Swift, Defoe, Goldsmith, if you care to 
know what is pure English. I need hardly tell you 
to read another and a greater book. The book 
which begot English prose still remains in supreme 
type. The English Bible is the true school of 
English literature. If you care to know the best 
that our literature can give in simple and noble 
prose, mark, learn and inwardly digest the Holy 
Scriptures in the English tongue. 



A writer in the Northern Christian Advocate says 
of the Ep worth League that it is an outgrowth of 
the life of the Church, not a new piece of machinery 
added to an already complicated mechanism. Be- 
cause it is an outgrowth and not a mechanical con- 
trivance, it may be expected to remain a permanent 
part of the future church life of Methodism. He 
adds that the best expression of the life of all 
churches is found in the young people's societies. 
We look for the best fruitage on the late formed 
boughs and on what were last year mere twigs. 



A recent address at the Woman's Homeland 
Prayer meeting in Chicago, by Mrs. Alice Freeman 
Palmer on "Woman's Opportunities," is thus 
briefly reported in the Advance : Ninety- five per 
cent, of the instructors of our youth are women. 
They hold in their hands the destinies of our 
country. The work of our women should be to 
take care of the boys and bring them into the 
church. She spoke of riding recently over the 
hills of Massachusetts. Passing by a schoolhouse 
she noticed the boys taking down the United States 
flag. She stopped and went in to visit the school. 
She saw that something was amiss. After a little 
chat with the young girl teacher, she asked why 
the flag was being taken down. There was pro- 
found silence for a time ; then the young teacher 
said, "That boy in the corner has told a lie, and 
the Stars and Stripes must never wave over a 
liar." 



1898.] 



YOUNG PEOPLE S CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR. 



161 



It is related of a little boy in a Chinese mission 
school that he had, by hard study, kept his place 
at the head of the class so long that he seemed to 
claim it by right of possession. Growing self-con- 
fident, he missed a word, which was immediately 
spelled by the boy standing next to him. 

The face of the victor expressed the triumph he 
felt, yet he made no move toward taking the place, 
and, when urged to do so, refused, saying: "No, 
me not go ; me not make Ah Fun's heart solly." 
That little act implied great self-denial, yet it was 
done so thoughtfully and kindly that, spontaneously, 
from several lips came the quick remark : " He do 
all same as the Jesus' Golden Rule." 



A missionary in Japan writes of the value of the 
picture rolls that are sent from the United States. 
They are used in Sunday-schools, in the preaching 
places, out on country tours and in private lessons. 
A Christian woman was very ill. The nights were 
long, for she could not sleep. She begged the 
Bible woman who called to see her to ask the mis- 
sionaries to lend her just one of those pictures to 
hang up in her room, one that had the picture of 
Jesus. " If I can only see Jesus' face during the 
night it will comfort me so." A roll was sent her 
and it proved indeed a " Silent Comforter ' ' until 
she was well again. 



Dr. John Smith, of Edinburgh, speaking at the 
annual meeting of the Christian Endeavor Union 
of Great Britain and Ireland, on the claims of for- 
eign missions, said : Study the question, work with 
existing agencies ; bring a more decided note into 
your personal consecration. 

Study — missionary literature ? Yes, that in its 
turn ; but first and foremost the Bible. Learn the 
principles of God's purposes for man. See his 
love for the world, his command to his servants to 
go into all lands, the provision he has made for all 
men. Learn that the evangelization of the world 
is God's work, not ours. His honor, faithfulness 
and promises are pledged to that consummation. He 
himself is the grand Worker. See this world-wide 
crusade, and notice the proofs that Christianity is 
intended to be a universal faith, adapted to all 
men, and that Christ is the one Light of the world. 

Then give yourself, your all. The strength of 
Christian Endeavor is the strength of its adherence 
to this Bible principle — if Christ deserves any- 
thing he deserves all. If you are to be used, you 
must be at his disposal wholly, to do what he would 
have you to do, to go where he would have you go. 
I have an idea that in the consecration meetings of 



Christian Endeavor we have the grand recruiting 
ground for the twentieth-century missions. 

*** 

Mrs. E. M. Hunt, a reader of The Church at 
Home and Abroad, in Trenton, N. J., has sent 
us these facts regarding Miss Mary Ashton, whom 
she knows well and highly esteems. 

When quite young she. became deaf, and a few 
years later, as the result of a fall, permanently 
lame. But one can never see her without being 
impressed with her bright, cheery face. She al- 
ways seems so happy, giving many a lesson on 
cheerfulness and happy Christian living to those 
who are not afflicted as she is. 

About nine years ago, when reading of the great 
need of Christian teachers in China, she earnestly 
desired to go as a missionary, but as physical in- 
firmity made this impossible, she interested others 
with herself in the support of a Bible reader there 
at a cost of fifty dollars a year. Soon after she be- 
gan to maintain one also in India. 

She now devotes her whole time in a regular busi- 
ness-like way to the making of articles for sale, such 
as ribbon book-marks containing scripture texts or 
devotional poems, banners and booklets. Ribbon is 
purchased from the manfacturer in large quanti- 
ties, the printing is done in the same large way, and 
then she fringes the book marks herself. Among 
the booklets she prints may be found the Hero 
Series of missionary biographies by V. F. P. 

In these ways Miss Ashton keeps herself busy from 
morning till night, and has built up quite a business, 
her orders coming from every State in the Union. 
The entire profits she has consecrated to the cause 
of missions. Last year the sum was nearly $1600, 
and since she began she has earned $8000 and given 
it for this purpose. 




Mary Ashton. 



162 



THE PILGRIMS' THREE HOMES. 



("August, 




Scrooby Church and Grounds in 1890. 

From William Elliott Griffis' The Pilgrims in their Three Homes. 



THE PILGRIMS' THREE HOMES. 
In a book of 290 pages, one of the Riverside 
Library series, Dr. William Elliot Griffis tells the 
story of the Pilgrims in their three homes — Eng- 
land, Holland and New England. To understand 
what kind of men and women lived in the Pilgrim 
district of England, he says, we must study 
their complete ancestry, the physiognomy of the 
country, and know the superstitions and beliefs of 
the people who lived on the soil. So he takes the 
reader first to Austerfield, an English village, 
where, March 19, 1590, William Bradford was 
baptized ; then to Scrooby, near by, where was a 
strong church of " Separatists," both in the shire of 
Nottingham, the country of Robin Hood and the 
scene of Scott's " Ivanhoe." He tells of William 
Brewster, beginner of the Pilgrim movement, a 
man of great intellectual ability and personal in- 
fluence ; and of how Brewster, Bradford and others 
sometimes walked over to Gainsborough, in Lin- 
colnshire, where John Robinson was one of the 
pastors. Then comes the story of how the Scrooby 
Separatists became Pilgrims, " hunted out of their 
home land into the Dutch republic, where consci- 
ence was free." After a sojourn in Amsterdam, 
Robinson and his company, on account of certain 
controversies that had arisen, went to Leyden. 
A graphic description is given of life in that u fair 



and beautiful city," until those who had chosen to 
cross the sea depart from Delfshaven, Pastor 
Robinson "commending them with most fervent 
prayers to the Lord for his blessing." The finding 
at Southampton of the cooper, John Alden, the 
long delays and bitter disappointments, and the 
final start from Plymouth, England, of the May- 
flower, the rough passage, the compact by which a 
civil body politic was formed, and the beginning 
of a new life in their third home, are all related in 
a most interesting manner. The ship was so 
strained by the gale that they thought of turning 
back ; but a great iron screw or " lifting jack," 
which one of the passengers had brought out of 
Holland, was used to force a dislocated beam back 
into its place. " This bit of iron turned the scale of 
decision, and saved to the world — New England." 

The author says of the Pilgrims: "They were 
men and women of beautiful life and of attractive 
character. If they had the infirmities and limita- 
tions of other mortals, they also showed the touches 
of nature which make the whole world kin. I have 
tried to depict them amidst the hopes and fears, 
the joys and sorrows of their daily environment in 
three lands." 

Through the courtesy of Houghton, Mifflin & 
Co., two illustrations from the volume appear on 
these pages. 



1898.] 



MISSIONARY LITERATURE. 



163 



MISSIONARY LITERATURE. 

REV. LEE W. BEATTIE. 

In our missionary enterprises to-day nothing is 
of so vast importance as literature. 

From the time when a man would give a whole 
estate for a book to the day when the humblest cot- 
tage may have its library there has been wonderful 
progress. But do those who bear responsibility as 
to what literature shall come to our churches and 
homes appreciate sufficiently the necessity of a lit- 
erature that shall be of the highest order ? 

The best gospel that ever came to human ears 
will stand the highest test of literary merit. The 
Bible writers give us truths in sentence, phrase and 
word that interest, charm, attract? How Luke's 
and Matthew's and Mark's accounts of Christ's ser- 
mons, descriptions of his journeys and reproductions 
of his parables are couched in language that awakens 
interest and stirs to action. Why then should not 
the modern literary vehicles intended to awaken a 
sluggish Church to carry this gospel to the ends of 
the earth have more attention to phrase and 
sentence ? 

Might not the reason why much of our 
missionary literature goes into the waste-basket be 
because it lacks literary merit ? Certain it is, when 
the story of a missionary's activities are couched in 



such simple, thrilling clear phrase as Dr. Paton's 
autobiography, or Isabella Bird Bishop's accounts 
of her devotees, or when we read Dr. Larabee's 
thrilling story of " Mirza Abraham," we do not 
think of the waste-basket. What we contend for is 
that in missionary periodical, pamphlet, leaflet and 
book, we have more attention given to the literary 
quality in style, form, phrase and paragraph. In 
true literature there is a sacredness. ' ' The Man-of- 
Letters-Hero," as Carlyle puts it, " is a perpetual 
priesthood from age to age. He is the Light of the 
World, guiding it like a sacred pillar of fire. He is 
a preacher not to this parish or that, on this day or 
that, but to all men, in all times and places. What 
built St. Paul's Cathedral? Was it not the divine 
Hebrew book?" So of missionary literature. It 
must not be a secretary's address, minister's ser- 
mon or laymen's talk, all good in their place with 
the fire of the living speaker behind them. But 
they will not stand cold type. Millions of inspir- 
ing sermons have stood being preached ; not one in 
a million will stand printing. When it comes to 
the printed page it is the literary style, not the 
oratorical, that tells. 

Let us have one literary secretary that will 
imbue our missionary literature with the attractive- 
ness and power that have made the Bible and 




Departure of the Pilgrims from Delfshaven. 

Frontispiece to Griffis' The Pilgrims in their Three Homes. 
From aii old Dutch painting owned by Geo. 11. Boughtou, by permission of S. P. Avery, Jr., New York City. 



164 



A MISSIONARY READING CIRCLE — A STRANGE HOUSE OF WORSHIP. [August, 



secular literature such a mighty influence in the 
world. We have been satisfied with too mediocre 
work here. Our missionary secretary should be a 
man who knows the power of the literary art and 
can wield it in telling the story of heathen conver- 
sions and missionary sacrifices like a Dickens could 
thrill our lives with the common events of daily life. 
He should be a man like Charles Dudley Warner, 
who can scent the track of literary merit and give 
us a " Library of the World's Best Missionary 
Literature." A man understanding the beauty of 
correct phrase and telling sentence, keen to perceive 
the vital points of any experience, can portray 
them for the Christian Church in language that 
charms, interests and stirs to action. 

Let our missionary secretary supervise a periodical 
that has its serial story like our secular magazines, 
embodying the stories of the missionaries' and 
heathen converts' own lives. No writers of fiction 
ever had finer opportunity for material that is most 
valuable. And instead of the best of these experi- 
ences from the field being pigeon-holed in the 
Board's desks or used as occasional fuel to flame the 
addresses of the secretaries, let them be poured forth 
in leaflet, periodical and story for the benefit of 
those at home who cannot attend conventions and 
assemblies. 

A word as to a " Library of the World's Best 
Missionary Literature." Every church should 
have one. Our trashy Sunday-school libraries 
might well be supplanted with such, with the con- 
tents of which pastor, session, Y. P. S. C. E. and 
ladies of the church could be made acquainted and 
use under the leadership of a pastor who is an en- 
thusiast on missions. And the pastor who is not an 
enthusiast should be either transformed or else 
transferred to some other calling. 

Our Assembly has seen fit to abolish the old 
periodicals and institute a new magazine. If the 
spirit of the above suggestions are embodied in it, 
we have no fear about a wonderful awakening in 
missionary interest and enterprise. 

Sufficient to remark here that we are full of faith 
for the future, and that our missionary Boards will 
in the realm of our Church activities appreciate 
and use the ever-growing power of literature as a 
means to the world's enlightenment and final salva- 
tion. 



A MISSIONARY READING CIRCLE. 

MRS. H. A. KETCH AM. 

We have recently organized in the Presbyterian 
Church of Salem, Ore. , a missionary reading circle, 
the plan of which was originated by one of Califor- 
nia' s ' ' shut-in ' ' workers. A secretary who keeps a 



list of members and has charge of the circulation 
of literature is assisted by two ladies, who form an 
advisory committee. Any one — man, women or 
child — may become a member of the circle if will- 
ing to promise to read missionary literature one- 
half hour each week and to secure one new mem- 
ber during the year. For each half hour the 
reading is neglected a fine of five cents is exacted, 
which is placed in a fund for the purchase of liter- 
ature. Members are urged, however, not to ne- 
glect the reading, since the fine is not an equiva- 
lent to the society for the information which might 
have been gained. Each one is asked to make 
note of what is read. 

We have purchased a number of biographies for 
the library, and shall add to them from time to 
time as we are able, selecting carefully and wisely 
from the large number of missionary books now 
published. But we lay special emphasis upon the 
magazines, and urge an increased circulation. 
The Church at Home and Abroad is taken for 
use in the reading circle. The missionary studies 
alone are worth the price of the magazine, and it 
is full of information, suggestions, helps and en- 
couragements. I cannot express myself too 
strongly when referring to its merits. 

An annual meeting of the reading circle is to be 
held, the purpose of which is not only to learn of 
the information gained by members and to quicken 
their zeal and enthusiasm, but to create an inter- 
est among those not yet enrolled as members. 
We hope through this circle to reach many of the 
men who because of their busy lives have neglected 
to inform themselves on the great subject of mis- 
sions, as well as the young people and the boys 
and girls. 

The North Pacific Board is giving much atten- 
tion to this subject and hopes to have a reading 
circle organized by each auxiliary within its 
bounds. 

A STRANGE HOUSE OF WORSHIP. 

An Australian missionary periodical, reporting a 
spiritual awakening in Fiji, says the revival com- 
menced on the historic island of Bau, and in the 
great stone building known as the Cakoban Memo- 
rial Church. 

Stone buildings in Fiji are rare, but nowhere in 
the South Seas is there a building made up of such 
rare stones as are embedded in the thick walls of 
the church at Bau. In those old walls are to be 
found great slabs that were for ages ground into 
shape by the action of wild waves on the neighbor- 
ing reefs ; stones that were once gods ; stones 
gathered from the ruins of ancient heathen temples ; 
stones taken from old fortifications, over which men 



1898.] 



ELDER ADANDE — BABIES IN SUNDAY-SCHOOL. 



165 



once fought and bled and 
died ; grim, hard stones that 
for ages absorbed the tears and 
blood of generations of men 
who walked this green earth 
without God and without hope 
in the world. To-day, within 
the four walls of this strange 
edifice, stands, where it has 
stood for many a year, a rough 
boulder of gray rock that was 
once the killing stone, against 
which scores of poor victims of 
lust and murder have been 
dashed to death to make a feast 
for the lords of Bau. This grim 
memorial of darker days has 
been turned into a baptismal 
font, from which many hun- 
dreds of men, women and chil- 
dren have been baptized into 
the name of the Father, the 
Son and the Holy Ghost. 



ELDER ADANDE. 

Mr. Joseph H. Reading, 
whose labor in the Gaboon 
and Corisco Mission began in 
1877, published soon after his 
return to this country in 1888 
a volume entitled ' ' The Ogowe 
Band." In it the writer pre- 
sents attractively just such in- 
formation about Africa as 
young people can use in their 
missionary meetings. 

One of the elders in the 
native church was Adande, 
who had been a slave in early 
life but had become free. 
Though an ignorant man he 
was an ideal Christian whom 
one could not help loving. He was everywhere 
known as "Good Old Uncle" Adande. Faithful 
and true as a man, he was a safe and prudent coun- 
sellor. He would come to the missionary for instruc- 
tions and then start out on foot for an itinerating 
trip of a few days to tell the people in the villages 
and country hamlets about Jesus Christ. 

The portrait, as well as the pictures on pages 158 
and 166, are reproduced from the volume by kind 
consent of Mr. Reading. In her introductory note 
Mrs. G. R. Alden heartily recommends the book, 
which, she says, abounds with charming pen pic- 
tures as well as deeply interesting literal ones. 




'Good Old Uncle" Adande. 

BABIES IN SUNDAY-SCHOOL. 
A writer in the Japan Evangelist describes a 
Japanese Sunday-school which opened with song 
and prayer and the recitation in concert of the Ten 
Commandments, the Apostles' Creed and the Beati- 
tudes. "Then, after another song, the teachers 
take their own pupils around them and teach them 
the lesson for the day. And now the babies begin 
to cry. They have been very good as long as their 
little nurses have been moving around, getting up 
and down for the singing and reciting, and the 
songs have helped to keep them still ; but now, 
when all settle down to the quiet of the lesson 



166 



A HERO OF THE STOKEHOLE. 



[August, 



hour, the babies most decidedly object. Do you 
ask why the babies are there? Because their 
sisters are their nurses and must take care of them. 
They cannot come to Sunday-school unless they 
bring them tied on their backs. To the mothers 
Sunday is only a day when the children are at home 
from school, and can look after the baby all day. 
So he is tied on his sister's back, inside of her 
clothes, if it is cold, and she runs out into the 
streets and plays with her mates. Baby is happy 
in the open air, jolting about, sleeping, with his 
little head rolling from side to side, or looking on 
with wide open eyes at his sister's play. He is a 
little tyrant, however, and makes his sister do all 
that he wants. So it is that, when he gets tired 
of the quiet of the Sunday school, if the singing has 
not lulled him to sleep, he peremptorily orders his 
little nurse to give him a change. So she rises and 
bounces him up and down and swings him from 
side to side, keeping her eyes fixed on her teacher 
and her ears open to her words. You can imagine 
how the class looks, for it is not only one little 
nurse that is there, but often half the school or 
more comes double. Often the baby is not satisfied 
with the shaking he gets, nor with the cake or 
candy which is fished out from the depths of his 
sister's long sleeve for him, and she is compelled to 



go out of doors with him. But she seldom gets 
cross with him. It is wonderful to see how 
patiently she endures all his whims, and how kind 
she is, in spite of all h's naughty ways. 

" When the lesson in the class is finished, there is 
another song, and the picture story, and the meet- 
ing is over, and the children flock out into the street 
again." 

A HERO OF THE STOKEHOLE. 
The present crisis is developing many noble ex- 
amples of heroism. While rejoicing in these exhi- 
bitions of American manhood, we should not for- 
get the men whose fidelity is none the less true and 
heroic because their work is hidden from view. 
When the Oregon was making that remarkable 
trip of 17,492 miles, the longest continuous passage 
ever made by a battleship, she halted at Callao for 
coal, and the crew asked permission to work night 
and day until the bunkers were full. After round- 
ing the Cape, as the ship steamed northward, it 
grew terribly hot. One of the stokers, McGargle, 
was prostrated and brought on deck. When he 
opened his eyes he said to the officer bending over 
him : " Take me back to the boilers. She's making 
a good run. I want to help her along." McGar- 
gle is one of the heroes of the stokehole. 




Native Village near Axim, Gold Coast. 
From Reading's The Ogowe Band. 



1898.] 



PRESBYTERIAN ESDEAV0RER9. 



167 



PRESBYTERIAN ENDEAVORERS. 
Redding, Cal. 

The Junior Endeavor society meets Sunday 
morning j ust before the hour of worship, and the 
members remain to that service. " Junior Corner ' ' 
is a source of inspiration to the pastor, who ad- 
dress his opening remarks to the little people. 

San Francisco, Cal. 

Chinese Home. — The Senior and Junior Chris- 
tian Endeavor societies, which meet each Sunday 
afternoon, and the Tong Oke Missionary Band 
have contributed during the year $46.45. There 
are now thirty eight inmates of the home. Dur- 
ing the year nine girls have been baptized and have 
united with the church. 

Ouray, Colo. 

The Endeavor society conducts the evening ser- 
vice on the last Sunday of each month. Its mem- 
bers attend the midweek prayer meeting in large 
numbers. As a result of the work of the young 
people the congregation at the church service has 
been doubled. 
Takoma Park, D. C. - 

The Christian Endeavor society of Takoma Park 
Presbyterian Church, of which the Rev. John 
Van Ness is pastor, has adopted what is proving 
to be a very successful method of holding the 
monthly business meetings. The members take 
turns in entertaining the society at their homes 
and the business and social features are combined. 
The first part of the evening is given over to the 
committee reports and other business after which 
a musical and literary program is rendered as ar- 
ranged by the social committee ; light refreshments 
are served by the host and a very pleasant even- 
ing is enjoyed. The attendance is always good. 

Lincoln, Kans. 

The elders and many of the older members of 
the church are active members of the Christian 
Endeavor society ; hence most of the young people 
are found in the midweek prayer meeting. — 
8. B. L. 
Lakawn, Laos. 

The Rev. C. H. Denman, of Chieng Hai, reports 
in the Christian Endeavor World the Christian En- 
deavor convention held in Lakawn. Delegates 
were present from twenty of the twenty- eight 
societies in Laos ; some of them, traveling on foot, 
were from three to twelve days on the way. One 
society reported a " teaching committee," whose 
duty it is to teach the members who cannot read, 
so that they may take some part in the prayer 
meeting. The convention recommended that 
each society adopt this plan. Evangelistic work 



and Bible study were the two thoughts most 
prominently before the convention. The young 
people resolved to ' ' put their hearts ' ' into evan- 
gelistic work and to study, during the year, the 
book of James. A paper, the Endeavorer, has 
just been started for the six hundred Endeavorers 
of Laos land. 

Baltimore, fid. 

The Lafayette Square Christian Endeavor so- 
ciety completed its tenth year on June 5. The 
event was appropriately celebrated by stirring ad- 
dresses by the State president, Mr. Shumacher, 
and by their pastor, Rev. Llewellyn S. Fulmer, 
who is himself an ardent Endeavorer. The 
society is in a flourishing condition. During the 
past year its benevolent receipts including missions 
were $158.54, and for society expenses $50.73. 
At the last business meeting the Good Literature 
Committee reported having sent over 400 pieces 
of good reading matter to the Maryland soldiers 
at Tampa, Fla. It was also decided to purchase 
500 copies of Mr. Moody's colpoitage library 
books for sale and distribution. — C. V. Z. 

Alma, Mich. 

Alma College. — There are eleven graduates in 
the class of '98. Of these, seven expect to enter 
upon the study of theology as candidates for the 
ministry. 

Marine City, Mich. 

The Christian Endeavor society, in common 
with the entire congregation, is receiving faithful 
instruction from the pastor, who is giving a series 
of Sunday evening sermons on the topics : Why 
I am a Presbyterian, Presbyterian Polity, Pres- 
byterian Doctrine, Presbyterianism as a Political 
Force, Presbyterianism as a Moral Force, Presby- 
terianism as a Spiritual Force. 

Mankato, Minn. 

The missionary work of our young people is 
growing and spreading. Each month finds a 
larger number interesting themselves in this 
branch of Christian effort. Our Juniors are giv- 
ing increased amounts and our Senior Christian 
Endeavor, having contributed $50 for some years 
past to foreign missions, have this year deter- 
mined to add $25 more to home missions. In an- 
other year we hope to increase our gifts and ere long 
reach the point where we will assume the entire 
support of a missionary. One of our brightest 
young ladies is studying medicine with a view to 
the foreign field when she has finished her re- 
maining two years' study. We shall hope to be 
able to send her forth as our own missionary, as- 
suming the entire responsibility for her support. 



168 



PRESBYTERIAN ENDEAVORERS. 



[August, 



West Point, Miss. 

Mary Holmes Seminary — It is the aim of the 
seminary to educate the pupils physically, ment- 
ally, morally and spiritually ; to train them first 
to be home makers, then to be wise leaders in so- 
ciety and the church. But a Christian education 
must have much of Christ in it. And since no at- 
tainments in literature, no acquisition on the part 
of her pupils of the practical arts of life, however 
useful, would justify the existence of Mary Holmes 
Seminary, the ideal toward which the institution 
works is the development of a symmetrical, well- 
rounded Christian character. The course of study 
and the entire life of the seminary are directed to 
this end. Every Lord's Day there is preaching in 
the morning, Sunday-school in the afternoon and 
a Christian Endeavor or missionary meeting in the 
evening. Daily prayers are held morning and 
night, and the class prayer meetings on Wednes- 
nesday evening. The Bible and the Shorter Cate- 
chism are studied daily. 
Brookfield, Mo. 

The religious life in the Presbyterian College 
Preparatory School located here has been espe- 
cially helpful during the year recently closed. Of 
the one hundred and eighteen students in attend- 
ance, twenty -two were converted. Many are act- 
ive in Endeavor and Y. M. C. A. work. One 
manly young Christian of the senior class was 
given his diploma and went to the front to fight 
under his country's flag. 
Elmira, N. Y. 

Franklin Street. — The new pastor, the Kev. James 
A. Miller, Ph.D., writes The Church at Home 
and Abroad as follows ; I have been deeply im- 
pressed in coming to the Franklin Street Church 
with the advantage of letting all who will of the 
adult membership work in the Endeavor society. 
It has not at all prevented the young people feel- 
ing that the meeting is theirs, nor discouraged 
their taking part. It has helped the Endeavorers 
of middle age. And the meetings are much im- 
proved. In all except the very large societies I 
believe the Seniors ought to remain members and 
workers until four- score years of age. 
Rochester, N. Y. 

Brick. — The good literature committee has 
made arrangement for the sale at Christian En- 
deavor meetings and church socials of religious, 
devotional and missionary books. The selection 
is choice, and all are sold at the same price as in 
the book stores. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 

Covenant. — In this society the excellent practice 
prevails of repeating in concert at the weekly 



prayer meeting a "memory passage." The pas- 
sage to be committed to memory is selected by the 
prayer meeting committte, and announced one 
week in advance. 

Olivet. — During July and August, while the 
pastor is absent, the Endeavor society holds its 
meeting at 8 o'clock each Sunday evening. Many 
of the congregation who are not members of the 
society attend and join heartily in the singing. 

Dallas, Tex. 

Second. — During the year some associates have 
become active members. The society has con- 
ducted two Sabbath evening church services dur- 
ing the absence of the pastor and assisted at the 
Crittenden Mission. The temperance, literature 
and flower committees have been especially ac- 
tive. One- third of the offerings go to missions. 
— K. A. C. 

Cairo, W. Va. 

The pastor, Rev. Joseph R. Monfort, writes as 
follows of a successful plan : Acting on the prin- 
ciple that we value and are interested in any 
movement: to which we contribute money or labor, 
and desirous of impressing my boys with the fact 
that they were part of the working force of the 
church, I instituted the following plan under the 
auspices of the "Willing Workers," a Mission 
Band in my church which I have the honor of 
leading. 

The town was divided into small districts, one 
of which was given to each of the older boys, 
making each responsible for his own. 

Through these district committeemen I can 
learn of new arrivals, illness, etc. , and distribute 
notices of services, entertainments and other work 
prosecuted by the church, either directly or by 
means of the Christian Endeavor, Ladies' Society 
or Mission Band. 

Then too, merchants and others, appreciating 
the prompt, systematic and reliable delivery plan 
in vogue, sometimes employ the boys as "a Band, 
and the resulting fees help swell their contribu- 
tions to home and foreign missions, money thus 
earned possessing an additional charm in their eyes. 

This is but one feature of the training through 
which they are passing and by which they are 
being schooled in benevolence, self-sacrifice, mis- 
sionary intelligence and zeal, self-confidence and 
general effectiveness In the various phases of work 
in the church, a preparation which will, I feel 
sure, make them reliable and efficient help in 
after years, in the room of the present active 
workers of greater age when they are called up 
higher. 



1898.] 



QUESTIONS — WITH THE MAGAZINES. 



169 



QUESTIONS FOR THE AUGUST MISSIONARY MEETING. 

[Answers may be found in the preceding pages.] 



Work at Home. 

1. What new responsibilities and obligations are forced 
upon us by the present national crisis? Page 144. 

2. A mission church in a Mormon village in Idaho makes 
what record in the matter of benevolent gifts? Page 145. 

3. What obstacle to church growth and Christian life is 
found in some mining towns? Pages 146, 147. 

4. What is said of the Maricopa Indians, who are now 
listening to the gospel for the first time? Page 151. 

5. How does a "septuagenarian" home missionary ex- 
press his enthusiastic love for Christian work? Page 152. 

6. What are some of the problems connected with the 
theological education of young Mexicans ? Page 152. 

7. Describe the growth of a Presbyterian church which 
held its first services in a saloon. Page 153. 

8. What are some of the obstacles to the success of church 
work in Oklahoma ? Page 154. 

9. Glean facts and incidents to illustrate the self-sacrifice 
of home missionaries. Pages 151-156. 

10. Describe the labret and the totem pole of the Klingits 
in Alaska. Pages 169, 170. 

11. How did "Mrs. Campbell's Sunday-school" result in 
the establishment of a Presbyterian Church? Page 130. 

12. Describe the industrial work carried on by the Freed- 
men's Board at Ferguson Academy. Page 141. 

13. How does the number of theological students of all de- 
nominations in this country compare with the number of 
students of medicine ? Page 135. 

14. What step in advance has been taken by the Board of 
Education ? Page 135. 

15. Tell something of the oldest college for women. Page 
102. 

16. What improvement is suggested in the method of pre- 
paring for Children's Day ? Page 138. 

17. Repeat some illustrations of the value and usefulness of 
the Sunday-school. Pages 140, 141. 

18. Tell the story of the origin, growth and influence of 
lirook field College. Pages 129, 130. 

19. What special field is there for woman's work in Minis- 
terial Relief ? Page 134. 



Work Abroad. 

20. Show how the Board of Foreign Missions is several 
Boards in one. Page 111. 

21. What was the purpose of the Board's conference with 
new missionaries ? Page 113. 

22. Name three reflex advantages of foreign missions. 
Pages 121-123. 

23. Repeat the story of the missionary tact of a converted 
Moslem. Page 119. 

24. What are some of Mrs. Bishop's impressions of our mis- 
sion in Korea? Page 116. 

25. How does Mr. Moftett describe his reception by Korean 
Christians on his return to Pyeng Yang? Page 127. 

26. What evidence of progress does be find? Page 127. 

27. What important step in the development of the native 
church are the missionaries about to make ? Page 128. 

28. To what does Mr. Mollett attribute the] success of mis- 
sion work in Korea ? Page 128. 

29. Describe the so called exorcism of an evil spirit as 
practiced in Korea ? Page 118. 

30. How have Christians in Brazil recently suffered perse- 
cution ? Page 126. 

31. What thank-offering did one of them make? Pagel27. 

32. Why do the friends of missions watch with special in- 
terest the course of events in Egypt ? Page 98. 

33. What are some of the defects of the Chinese, and what 
is one result of Christian education ? Pages 98, 170. 

34. Repeat the story of the Caroline Islands. Page 97. 

35. The recent opening of a railway in Africa is of what 
special significance ? Page 97. 

36. State some facts about the Philippine Islands. Page 
99. 

37. What is the value of the picture roll in mission work 
in Japan ? Page 161. 

38. Why are babies sometimes taken to Sunday-school in 
Japan ? Page 165. 

39. Describe the Aino of Japan. Page 170. 

40. What is one of the chief sights in Bombay? Page 
170. 

41. What strange house of worship may be found in Fiji ? 
Page 164. 



The Bibliotheca Sacra for July appeared with its 
editorial staff reinforced by the addition of two as- 
sociate editors, the Rev. Newell Dwight Hillis, 
D.D., and the Rev. Frank W. Gunsaulus, D.D. 

A faithful record of the world's doiDgs may be 
found in the quarterly issues of Current History. 
The four numbers for 1898 are likely to prove of 
surpassing interest on account of the political de- 
velopments in various parts of the world. While 
there is of necessity in the daily press much of 
rumor, exaggeration and distorted statement, in 
Current History the wheat is sifted from the chaff, 
disconnected fragments are put together into con- 
cise and readable shape, and the reader feels that 
he has an intelligent grasp of recent events. This 
excellent publication, issued at $1.50 a year, has 
recently been removed from Buffalo, N. Y., to 
Boston, Mass. 



WITH THE MAGAZINES. 

Writing in the Popular Science Monthly of the 



Klingits of Old Tongas, Alaska, George A. Dorsey 
says : Throughout the entire northwest coast the 
labret (a wooden plug in the lower lip) was a 
mark of honor, and the larger its size the more 
honor it conferred, for every time a new labret of 
larger size was inserted it necessitated the giving of 
a great potlach, or present- distributing feast. It is 
related that in the olden times disputes between 
women were often settled by one of the disputants 
scornfully pointing one hand at her enemies and lay- 
ing a finger on her own labret, declaiming in a 
manner at once emphatic and conclusive, "My 
labret is bigger than yours." 

A writer in the Revue Scientifique, whose article is 
translated in the Literary Digest, says : The Chinese 
century, or cycle, is composed of sixty years ; it is 
called Luc-Grap, which means "the six decades." 



170 



WITH THE MAGAZINES. 



[August, 



In China the years are not numbered, they have 
names. These names are formed by means of com- 
bining two words — the first taken from a series of 
ten expressions denoting inert materials of the earth, 
and the second from a series of twelve names of liv- 
ing animals. The century is divided into two dis- 
tinct sets of periods, of ten and twelve years each, 
respectively. By an ingenious combination of the 
two sets of names appropriate to these series, the 
names of the individual years are formed. The 
year 1897 was the thirty-fourth of the seventy-sixth 
cycle of the Chinese era, called Dinh-Dan. It is 
the year of the interior fire place and the chicken ; 
that is to say, according to popular superstition, an 
epoch of calm. The year 1898 (Mo-Tuat, fallow- 
land and the dog) indicates that all the energy of 
the nation will turn from tilling the soil toward 
vigilance and the care of the home in view of foreign 

threats This is the way that the Chinese 

predict the future. 

In his article in The Quiver on " A Land without 
a Sunday," Bishop Graves writes that the greatest 
lack of the Chinese is in the region of the moral and 
spiritual. Without religion as the living exercise 
of a spiritual conviction, they are grossly material- 
istic. Their society, their art, their books, are 
alike in this, that they are fast bound by the things 
of sense. Through the thick cloud which hides 
the spiritual from their eyes hardly a gleam of the 
beautiful, the eternal, seems to finds its way. 
Nothing is more saddening than the lowness of tone 
that pervades all Chinese writing and is universal 
in Chinese social life. The two words that most 
constantly strike the ear are "cash" and "rice." 
It is a type of the tone of thought of the people. 
High or low, rich or poor, learned or ignorant, 
they live for the things of this world only. One 
will live long in China before he meets men who 
are thinking high and pure thoughts or living for 
the good of others. One finds in the best Chinese 
writers plenty of wit and wisdom, of clever things 
set down in perfect literary form ; but he will not 
find the great thoughts that move the world, the 
high aspiration and beauty and sincerity of the 
writers who have been formed under Christian 
civilization. 

Mrs. Mabel Loomis Todd, who in 1896 accom- 
panied the Amherst College expedition which 
visited northern Japan to view the total eclipse of 
the sun, had the opportunity of seeing the "hairy 
Aino " of that region. Writing from personal ob- 
servation in the July Century, she speaks of the 
bushy-haired and bearded men as walking with 
stately tread, while the women and children are far 
less imposing. Somewhat larger, and apparently 



stronger, than the Japanese, although not taller, 
the older men are actually patriarchial, with long 
beards, and masses of thick hair parted in the 
middle. Many faces have a benign and lofty ex- 
pression. Driven gradually through ages from the 
south to Hokkaido, the Ainos are among the few 
races yet retaining, in this over- civilized world of 
ours, an utterly unspoiled simplicity. Their origin 
has never been satisfactorily traced, but they were 
certainly in Japan long before the present race of 
Japanese had arrived, and names clearly origi- 
nating in the Aino tongue are still retained all over 
the empire. Gentle and subservient to the con- 
quering race, it is evident that they formerly held 
more egotistic views than now, even fancying 
themselves the centre of the universe, as is shown 
perhaps by an old national song : 

Gods of the sea, open your eyes divine, 
Wherever your eyes turn, there echoes the sound of the Aino 
speech. 

The researches of students of folklore in Africa 
have been directed to all branches of popular 
literature, and a rich collection has already been 
accumulated of proverbs, enigmas, songs, national 
legends, religious traditions, stories, animal fables 
and other works. The literary merit of all this 
production is not very great, but it is interesting in 
that it exhibits certain peculiarities in character. 
Proverbs express general and simple ideas in con- 
cise form, under familiar figures and truly repre- 
sent the first instinctive effort of man in search of 
a literary language. This summary of the re- 
searches of the students of folklore of the African 
school may go to show that thought does not 
abound in the traditions of the Negro tribes. The 
few flowers that are found here and there form only 
a very poor garland . — M. Muret in Popular Science 
Monthly, June, 1898. 

Anchored at the mouth of the Gulf of Mexico, 
whose waters wash the shores of five American 
States ; in position to protect the trade of the Mis- 
sissippi, Missouri and Ohio valleys ; standing like 
a huge sentinel to watch over the proposed transit 
across Nicaraugua ; her shores indented with 
splendid harbors ; with an ideal and unrivalled 
winter climate— Cuba, whether an Independent re- 
public or later Americanized and annexed to the 
United States, is destined at last to emerge from the 
dark shadows of the past and stand side by side with 
those countries that have their place in the broad 
sunlight of peace, progress and prosperity. — Major 
General Fitzhugh Lee in The Living Age. 

One of the chief sights in Bombay which every 
traveler wishes to see, is the Parsee method of dis- 
posing of the bodies of the dead, at the Towers of 



1898.1 



WITH THE MAGAZINES — WORTH READING. 



171 



Silence. These are situated on Malabar Hill, the 
highest ground in the city, about four hundred feet 
above the level of the sea, amid costly residences of 
foreigners. The towers, six in number, one of them 
having been in use for two hundred and thirty years, 
are located in a splendid garden park. I visited the 
one chiefly in use, in which corpses are exposed, on 
an average of three a day, to the vultures. The tower 
is about a hundred feet in diameter and twenty-five 
feet in height. In the inside, about ten feet above 
the ground, there are iron gratings, sloping toward 
the centre in three rows — the outer for men, the 
middle one for women, the centre for children. 
These gratings surround a well about twenty feet in 
diameter, into which, after the vultures have done 
their work, the bones are cast. More than fifty 
vultures were roosting on the wall, waiting for their 
accustomed prey, and scores more were flying over- 
head. — Bishop Foss in the Sunday-school Times. 

The totem pole (of the Klingits in Alaska) is a 
coat of arms, it is an epitome of the owner's myth- 
ical ancestry ; from its curious conventionalized 
animals or hieroglyphs we read into the past of the 
time of their garden of Eden and of their struggles 
and friendships with the monsters of the deep and 
the creatures of the land and air. The totem pole 
stands immediately in front of the dwelling, and in 
its more ancient form was even an intrinsic part of 
the house, for an oval opening at the base of the 
pole served as the entrance. — George A. Dorsey, 
Ph.D., in Popular Science Monthly. 

Paul had a vision of Christ as a risen Lord and 
a world Messiah, he had a hope for the world be- 
cause of that vision, and a love for his fellow -men 
that made him debtor both to the Geeeks and to 
the barbarians. Wherever there is this enthusiasm 
for Christ, there will be missionary enthusiasm ; 
wherever that enthusiasm is lacking, missionary 
service will be perfunctory, contributions will be 
small, and excuses plentiful. The vision of the 
living Christ inspires us with hope for this world. 
Our hope does not rest on history, but it is con- 
firmed by history. We are ourselves the children 
of foreign missions. Foreign missionaries from 
Rome brought Christianity to England, and Eng- 
land sent it across the sea in Huguenot and Pilgrim 
to America. What it has done for us we believe it 
can do for others, but our belief in what it can do 
does not rest on what it has done for us. Our be- 
lief is not in it, but in Him. To us Christianity is 
Christ, it is the power of a new life, the life of 
God in the soul of man, defined in the Christ, 
made available in the Christ. To one believing in 
this power, nothing seems impossible. To such it 



seems no paradox to say, "I can do all things 
through him that strengtheneth me." 

If the Church is to be a fortign missionary 
Church, it is not so much the reason which needs 
to be convinced as the life to be revived. If we 
would have a Pauline missionary spirit in the 
churches, they must have a Pauline vision, a Paul- 
ine hope and a Pauline love. If we have only a 
vision of Christ, we may be satisfied to worship 
him. If we have also a hope for our fellow-men, 
we shall long to give them our vision of Christ that 
our hope for them may be realized. If we have, 
in addition, a love large enough to include all hu- 
manity, and imagination vivid enough to enable us 
to realize their need, we shall long to give to all 
humanity our vision and our hope. The church, 
the minister, or the Christian that has no foreign 
missionary interest lacks either the vision of the 
Christ, the hope for humanity in Christ, or the 
love of all humanity as those for whom Christ 
died.— The Outlook. 

A writer who gives " Glimpses of Japan" in the 
Presbyterian Review, says the Japanese are capable 
of the highest civilization, provided the national 
character is deepened by the infusion of the spirit 
of Christ. That this may happen we have every 
hope, inasmuch as so many Christian agencies are 
at work, and so many of the Japanese themselves 
are enthusiastic Christians as well as true patriots. 
Christian schools and colleges are to be found in the 
most important cities, and the graduates are sure 
to have great influence wherever they go. Several 
members of the Parliament are Christians, and 
some leading men in the Liberal party are mem- 
bers of the Christian Church. The wife of one of 
the most noted generals in the army, one of the 
heroes of the late war with China, is a devoted 
Christian. 

WORTH READING. 

Korea and the Koreans. The Scottish Rcvieir, April, 1898. 

A Journey Through the Tunisian Sahara, by Sir Harry 
H. Johnston, K C.B. The Geographical Journal, June, 1898. 

How Missionaries Travel. The Quiver, July, 1898. 

Changes in the Unchanging East. The Quarterly Review, 
April, 1898. 

Literature of the African Negro, by M. Muret. Popular 
Science Monthly, June, 1898. 

Cruise Among Haida and Tlingit Villages, by George A. 
Dorsey, Ph.D. Popular Science Monthly, June, 1898. 

Undergraduate Life at Smith College, by Alice Katharine 
Fallows. Scribner's Magazine, July, 1898. 

The People of Hawaii, by Henry Schuler Townsend. The 
Forum, July, 1898. 

Indian Superstitions and Legends, by Simon Pokagon. 
The Forum, July, 1898. 

The Philippine Islands, by John A. Osborne. The Chau- 
iauquan, July, 1898. 

Life in Manilla, by Charles B. Howard. Frank Leslie's 
Popular Monthly, July, 1898. 



172 



NECROLOGY. 



[August, 



MINISTERIAL NECROLOGY. 

[Year ending April 30, 1898.] 



Name. 


Occu- 
pation. 


Presbytery. 


Angier, Luther H., 


Evan., 


Boston, 


Baldridge, Samuel Coulter, D.D., 


H. R., 


Cairo, 


Barrett, Frank F., M.A., 


P., 


Madison, 


Beardslee, Wm. Armitage, 


S. S., 


Champlain, 


Beck, T. Romeyu, D.D., 


w. c, 


Benicia, 


Bell, Sam'l Bookstaver, D.D., 


H.R., 


Kansas City, 


Best, Jacob, 


H. R., 


Lackawanna, 


Billingsley, Amos S , D.D., 


P, 


Yadkin, 


Bosworth, Nathan, 


H. R., 


Chemung, 


Bowman, John Rice, D.D., 


H. R., 


Los Angeles, 


Braduack, Isaac R., 


H. R., 


Buffalo, 


Brewster, James Foster, 


W. C, 


Morris & Orange, 


Brooks, Wm. F., D.D., 


Prof., 


Catawba, 


Brown, Robert, M., D.D., 


H. R., 


North River, 


Burdick, Charles R., 


H. R., 


Winnebago, 


Burr, Alexander, 


w. c, 


Minnewaukon, 


Campbell, John A., 


H. R., 


Crawfordsville, 


Cardoza, I. Nunez. 


Prof., 


Fairfield, 


Cattell, Wm.C.,D.D.,LL.D., 


Sec, 


Lehigh, 


Clark, Seth G., 


H. R., 


Kansas City, 


Claybaugh, William M., 


w.c, 


Chicago, 


Cochrane, Samuel 


P-, 


Washington, 


Cottrell, Geo. Washington, 


H.R., 


Monmouth, 


Court, Robert, D.D., 


P.. 


Boston, 


Craig, William P., 


w.c, 


Butte, 


Crawford, John Wesley, D.D., 


w. c, 


Ozark, 


Crocker, Jas. Norton, D.D., 


S.Supt., 


Albany, 


Cunningham, Wm. L., D.D., 


P., 


Monmouth, 


Davis, Edwin R., 


w. c, 


Chicago, 


Davis, John A., Vh. I)., D.D., 


P-, 


Hudson, 


Dennen, Stephen R., D.D., 


p.. 


Los Angeles, 


Dei uelle, Daniel, 


w. c, 


Monmouth, 


Dorland, Luke, D.D., 


T. & Ev. 


Holston, 


Elliott, Addi>on S., D.D., 


S.S., 


Wellsborough 


Evans, Thomas J., 


Evan., 


Brooklyn, 


Fairbairn, Alexander, 


H. R., 


Oakland, 


Falconer, Wm. Campbell, D.D., 


Inv., 


Dayton, 


Faries, Josiah, 


H. R., 


Minneapolis, 


Faulkner, William E., 


w. c, 


Newton, 


Forbes, Adam G., 


w. c, 


Pembina, 


Forsythe, James C, 


P-, 


Hudson, 


Freeman, Amasa S., D.D., 


P-, 


Hudson, 


Fre-hman, Jacob, D.D., 


s. s., 


Buffalo, 


Fulton, Robert H., D.D., 


p, 


Philadelphia, 


Gates, Winthrop, 


w. c, 


Philadelphia, N. ; 


Godfrey, Joseph L., 


P-, 


Vincennes, 


Greenleaf, Joseph, 


p, 


Hudson, 


Hartman, Alex., 


P-, 


Chicago, 


Hawkins, John L., 


H. R., 


Cairo, 


Hay, James A. R., 


Evan., 


Rochester, 


Hays, George P., D.D..LL.D., 


H. R., 


Washington, 


Head, Simeon C, 


P-, 


Puget Sound, 


Herrick, Alanson, 


H.R., 


Flint, 


Hewitt, John Dunbar, D.D., 


Pres., 


Emporia, 


Hickey, Yates, 


Sec, 


Chester, 


Hindman, Sila«, 


H. R., 


Sacramento, 


Holmes, Hamilton Bishop, 


Inv., 


Long Island, 


Hopkins, Judson H., 


H.R., 


Nassau, 


Howe, Franklin S., 


Evan., 


Chemung, 


Hubbard, John Niles, 


H. R., 


Stockton, 


Irwin, David Johnson, D.D., 


P, 


Kittanning, 


Jewett, A.D. Lawrence,D.D., 


Evan., 


New York, 


Jones, Geo. Kdward, D.D., 


Ed., 


Baltimore, 


Jones, John M., 


H.R., 


Blairsville. 


Keigwin, Ernest F., 


P-, 


Philadelphia, 


Kerr, Robert, 


Ret., 


Zanesville, 


Kost, J. Kellar, 


w. c, 


Lima, 


Langdon, William M., 


F. M., 


Chemung, 


Lind-ley, Charles E , D.D., 


Tea., 


Westchester, 


Lockwood, William H., 


H. R., ! 


Chippewa, 


Loudon, Clarke, 


H.R., 


Central Dakota, 


McDonald, Noah A., D.I}., 


S. S., 


Huntingdon, 


McLean, Alex., D.D., 


Sec, 


New York, 


McLean, iEneas, 


P., 


Lackawanna, 


McLeod, David, 


w. c, 


Hudson, 


McMaster, John, 


H. R., 


Erie, 


Macool, James B.,M.D., 


S. S., 


Pittsburgh, 


Marks, Lafayette, D.D., 


P-. 


New Castle, 


Marshall, John W., 


w. c, 


Central Dakota, 


Matheson, George Gordon, 


P. L., 


Red River, 


Maxwell, George M., D.D., 


Evan. 


Cincinnati, 


Melrose, John C., 


F. M., 


Canton, 


Millard, Edward N. B., 


W. C, 


Neosho, 


Moorhead, Wm. W., D.D., 


P, 


Blairsville, 


Morris, Herbert W., D.D., 


H. R., 


Rochester, 


Niles, William A., D.D., 


Evan., 


Geneva, 



PlAce of Death. 




Boston, Mass., 


Mar., 1898, 


S7 


Hanover, Ind., 


April 15, 1898, 


69 


Prairie du Sac, Wis., 


Mar. 13,1898, 


47 


Holland, Mich., 


Oct. 20, 1897, 


30 


Oakland, Cal., 


May 22, 1897, 


66 


Santa Barbara, Cal., 


Dec 27, 1897, 


80 


Coventry, Pa., 


April 16, 1898, 


75 


Statesville, N. C, 


Sept. 12, 1897, 


80 


Elmira, N. Y., 


Nov. 14,1897, 


78 


Los Angeles, Cal., 


Oct. 11, 1897, 


71 


Panama, N. Y., 


June 11, 1897, 


a") 


Summit, N. J., 


Aug. 10, 1897, 


66 


Biddle Univ., 


Dec 15, 1897, 


54 


Poughkeepsie, NY., 


| April 8, 1898, 


85 


Oshkosh, Wis., 


Aug. 10, 1897, 


73 


Bottineau, N. D., 


May 5, 1897, 


67 


Frankfort, Ind., 


Jan. 21, 1898, 


75 


Orangeburg, S. C, 


April 3, 1898, 


42 


Philadelphia, Pa., 


Feb. 11, 1898, 


71 


Appleton City, Mo., 


1 April 22, 1S98, 


80 


Chicago, 111., 


April 13, 1898, 


61 


Wellsburgh, W. Va., 


Oct. 24, 1897, 


56 


Wheatland, N. J., 


Dec. 30, 1897, 


80 


Lowell, Mass., 


Sept. 30, 1S97, 


68 


Chicago, 111., 


June 14, 1897, 


35 


Monett, Mo., 


May 13, 1S97, 


61 


Saratoga Springs, N. Y., 


June 20, 1897, 


70 


Pt. Pleasant, N. J., 


Oct. 8, 1897, 


50 


Perth Amboy, N. J., 


July 7, 1897, 


64 


Nyack, N. Y., 


Sept. 22, 1S97, 


58 


Long Beach, Cal., 


Jan. 18, 1898, 


71 


New Egypt, N. J., 


Dec. 20, 1S97, 


59 


Springfield, 111., 


Nov. 22, 1897, 


83 


Mt. Jewitt, Pa., 


Dec. 21, 1897, 


40 


Lake Park, Ga., 


Aug. 27, 1897, 


79 


Williams, Cal , 


Feb. 24, 1898, 


76 


Wellsville, 0., 


April 23, 1897, 


61 


Minneapolis, Minn., 


Mar. 23, 1898, 


76 


Paterson, N. J., 


June 9, 1897, 


-J9 


Minto, N. D. 


July 27, 1897, 


68 


Montgomery, N. Y., 


Dec 29, 1897, 


72 


Haverstraw, NY., 


April 27, 1898, 


74 


Buffalo, N. Y., 


Feb. 2, 1898, 


5:; 


Philadelphia, Pa., 


July 12, 1897, 


54 


New York, N.Y., 


Aug. 18, 1897, 


29 


Mt. Vernon, 


Jan. 23, 1898, 


35 


Washingtonville, N. Y., 


Feb. 5, 1898, 


59 


New Castle, Colo., 


Sept. 11, 1897, 


34 


Ft. Scott, Kans., 


June 14, 1897, 


97 


Toronto, Canada, 


May 13, 1897, 


61 


Washington, Pa., 


Sept. 6, 1897, 


59 


Fremont, Wash., 


Feb. 15, 1898, 


53 


Flint, Mich., 


Dec. 16, 1897, 


75 


Emporia, Kans., 


April 20, 1898, 


59 


Arlington, N. J., 


Nov. 1, 1897, 


74 


Chico, Cal., 


April 6, 1898, 


75 


Yaphank, N. Y., 


May 6, 1897, 


56 


Rye, N. Y., 


July 11, 1897, 


67 


Burdett, N. Y., 


July 13, 1897, 


87 


Tracy, Cal., 


Oct. 16, 1897, 


82 


Ebenezer, Pa., 


Feb. 20, 1898, 


66 


Nyack, N. Y., 


April 20, 1S98, 


69 


Baltimore. Md., 


Mar. 17, 1898, 


56 


Indiana, Pa., 


Sept, 16, 1897, 


77 


Wilmington, Del., 


Oct. 18,1897, 


23 


Clarks, 0., 


June 17, 1897, 1 


64 


Island Lake, Fla., 


Dec. 11, 1897, 


76 


Florida. 


1897, 


37 


New Rochelle, N. Y., 


May 25,1897, 


79 


Eau Claire, Wis., 


Aug. 22, 1897, 


72 


Pierre, S Dak., 


Mar. 17, 1898, i 


75 


Shade Gap, Pa., 


Aug. 12, 1897, 


67 


New York, N. Y., 


Mar. 19,1898, 


65 


Scranton, Pa., 


June 12, 1897, j 


48 


Florida, N. Y., 


Mar. 20, 1898, 1 


56 


Erie, Pa., 


Mar. 10, 1898, 1 


83 


Elizabeth, Pa., 


July 3, 1897, 


39 


Wilmington, Del , 


Jan. 5, 1898, 


65 


California, 


1897, 


30 


Fergus Falls, Minn., 


Nov. 6, 1897, 


46 


Wyoming, 0., 


Nov. 27, 1897, 


77 


Nodor, China, 


Sept. 16, 1897, 


37 


Iola, Kans., 


Sept. 17, 1896, 


45 


St. Augustine, Fla., 


Jan. 30, 1897, 


61 


Rochester, N. Y., 


May 15, 1897, 


78 


Trumansburg, N. Y., 


Sept. 14, 1897, 


74 



1898.] 



NECROLOGY — RECEIPTS. 



173 



Name. 


Occu- 
pation. 


Presbytery. 


Place of Death. 


Date. 


w 


Nimrao, Gershon H., 


P-, 


Philadelphia, N., 


Torre -dale, Pa., 


Feb. 24,1898, 


64 


Okuaa, T., 


S. Ev 


San Francisco, 


New York, 


May 27, 1897, 


28 


Parks, Hugh Whiteford, 


P., 


Steubenville, 


Hopedale, 0., 


July 29, 1897, 


56 


Patcli, George B., D.D., 


H. R., 


Washington ( ity 


Washington, DC, 


April 9, 1898, 


60 


Pattoa, George, D.D., 


P. Em., 


Rochester, 


Windsor Beach, N. Y., 


Aug. 12, 1897, 


68 


Pollock, William G., 


w. a, 


Los Angeles, 


Redlands, Cal., 


Jan. 18, 1898, 


71 


Poor, Daniel W., D.D., 


Em.Sec, 


Philadelphia, 


Newark, N. J., 


Oct. 11,1897, 


79 


Porteu<, William, 


P., 


St. Louis, 


Milwaukee, Wis., 


Oct. 1, 1897, 


68 


Proudflt, Alex., D.D , 


P, 


Dayton, 


New York, N. Y., 


April 2, 1897, 


58 


Railsback, Lycurgu;, 


P. L., 


Kansas City, 


Shreveport, La., 


Aug. 5, 1897, 


63 


Randolph, J Davidson, 


P., 


Chester, 


Atglen, Pa., 


May 23, 1897, 


66 


Roberta, William H., 


S.S., 


Crawfordsville, 


Rossville, Ind., 


Mar. 29, 1898, 


45 


Ro<seel, Jos. Alex., 


H. R., 


Lackawanna, 


Towanda, Pa., 


April 29, 1897, 


80 


Bossiter, Wm. 1)., 


Agt., 


Cincinnati, 


Cincinnati, 0., 


Mar. 19, 1898, 


81 


Rowlands, Daniel T., 


Evan., 


Aberdeen, 


Aberdeen, S. D , 


July 21, 1?97, 


75 


Ruliffson, Albert G., 


Evan., 


New York, 


Perth Amboy, N. J., 


May 2, 1897, 


64 


Sandford, Richard M., 


H.R., 


Buffalo, 


E. Aurora, N. Y., 


Dec. 18,1897, 


85 


Schenck, Hlias S., 


H. R., 


Westchester, 


Perth Amboy, N. J., 


April 8, 1898, 


85 


Shriver, Samuel S., 


H.R., 


Baltimore, 


Baltimore, Md , 


Feb. 15, 1898, 


76 


Sibbett, Lowry W., 


Supt., 


Walla Walla, 


Hamilton, Mont., 


Oct. 6, 1897, 


33 


Smith, Ellsworth M., 


W.C., 


Pueblo, 


Texas, 


Aug. 21, 1897, 


58 


Smith, Emerson F., 


w. c, 


Saginaw, 


Worth, Mich., 


Feb. 18,1898, 


59 


Smith, William Copley, 


H.R., 


St. Paul, 


Avalon, Pa., 


Oct. 15, 1897, 


77 


Stephenson, Thoma-i M., 


s. s., 


Zanesville, 


Dresden, 0., 


Jan. 29, 1898, 


70 


Stewart, Daniel, D.D., 


H. R., 


Minneapolis, 


Minneapolis, Minn., 


April 30, 1897, 


86 


Stuart, Alex. C, 


H.R., 


Ebenezer, 


Louisa, Ky., 


Aug. 29, 1897, 


74 


Swain, John L., 


H. R., 


Wellsbo rough, 


Raymonds, Pa., 


Mar. 21, 1898, 


78 


Taylor, Augustus 


P., 


Columbus, 


Amanda, 0., 


Oct. 19, 1897, 


6S 


Taylor, William W., 


H. R., 


New Castle, 


Wilmington, Del., 


Dec. 26, 1897, 


86 


Temple, Daniel H., 


H. R., 


San Josl', 


Los Gatos, Cal., 


Sept. 9, 1S97, 


75 


Thompson, Lewis, 


H. R., 


Oakland, 


Oakland, Cal., 


Oct. 18, 1897, 


87 


Todd, Andrew C, 


P. 


Utah, 


Springville, Utah, 


April 12, 1898, 


73 


Todd, Oliphant M., 


P-, 


Vincenne-s, 








Towne, Joseph H., D D., 


H.R., 


Milwaukee, 


Andover, Mass., 


July 30, 1897, 


91 


Trotter, Alexander, 


H.R., 


Flint, 


Vassar, Mich., 


June 7, 1S97, 


87 


Vincent, William R., D.D., 


H. R., 


Waterloo, 


Chicago, 111., 


Dec. 17, 1897, 


92 


Voorhees, Henry V., 


W. C, 


Elizabeth, 


New York, N. Y., 


Oct. 10, 1897, 


70 


Vrooman, Daniel, 


w.c, 


Canton, 


San Francisco, Cal., 






Waring, Hart E., 


Ret., 


Grand Rapids, 


Grand Rapids, Mich., 


April 21, 1897, 


86 


Waugh, John, A.M., 


H. R., 


Steuben, 


Cohocton, N. Y., 


Oet. 20, 1897, 


83 


Webb, Edward, 


Sec, 


Chester, 


Lincoln Univ., Pa., 


April 6, 1898, 


79 


Wells, John Lester, 


A. P., 


Newark, 


Stillwater, N.Y., 


Aug. 29, 1897, 


50 


Williams, Moses Allen, 


H.R., 


South Oregon, 


Med ford, Oreg., 


Dec. 11, 1S97, 


86 


Wilson, John, 


S. S., 


Boulder, 


Central City, Colo., 


Oct. 25. 1897, 


69 


Woodhull, Gilbert Teunent, D.D., 


Prof., 


Chester, 


Lincoln Univ., Pa., 


Feb. 11, 1S98, 


71 


Woods, Alex. M., 


P.&S.S., 


Lehigh, 


Mahanoy City, Pa., 


Nov. 19, 1897, 


66 


Young, James.— 133 


H. R., 


Kansas City, 


High Point, Mo , 


Oct. 27, 1897, 


73 



WM. HENRY ROBERTS, Stated Clerk. 



RECEIPTS. 

Synods in small capitals ; Presbyteries in italics ; Churches in Koman. 



It is of great importance to the treasurers of all the Boards that when money is sent to them, the 
name of the church from whence it comes, and of the presbytery to which the church belongs, should be 
distinctly written, and that the person sending should sign his or her name distinctly, with proper title, 
e.g., Pastor, Treasurer, Miss or Mrs., as the case may be. Careful attention to this will save much trouble 
and perhaps prevent serious mistakes. 

the board of home missions. 

Comparative Statement of Receipts for Months of June, 1897 and 





* Churches. 


* Woman's 
Bd. op H. M. 


Legacies. 


Individuals, Etc. 


Total. 


1898— For Current Work . . 
" " Debt 


88,631 39 
521 49 


818,605 52 


85,615 16 


87,524 10 
6,111 10 


840,376 17 
6,632 59 






1898— Total June 


9,152 88 
7,050 56 


18,605 52 
15,122 37 

3,483 15 


5,615 16 
3,891 52 


13,635 20 
3,370 40 


47,008 76 
29,434 85 


1897— " " 








2,102 32 


1,723 64 


10,264 80 


17,573 91 


Loss 



174 HOME MISSIONS. [AugU9t, 

Comparative Statement of Receipts for Three Months Ending June 30, 1897 and 1893. 



♦Churches. *Woman's 
Bd. of H. M. 


Legacies. 


Individuals.Etc. 


Total. 


1898— For Current Work .... * 27,949 01 $31,146 69 
" "'Debt 22 269 85 


814,945 85 


J10.431 30 
7,069 35 


J84.472 85 




29,339 20 


1898 — Total, 3 mos 50 218 86 31146 69 


14.945 85 
11,274 43 


17,500 65 
8,045 42 




1897 — " " 29 '682 37 29 873 46 


113,812 05 
77,875 68 






3,671 42 


9,455 23 






35,936 37 







Harvey C. Olin, Treasurer. 
Madison Square Branch P. O., Box 156, New York, N. Y. 



* Under these headings are included the gifts of Sabbath-schools and Young People's Societies. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF HOME 3IISSIONS, JUNE, 1898. 



Atlantic— South Florida— Arcadia Mission, 5.30 ; Lake- 
land, 2; Orange Bend, 1.40; Punta Gorda, 1. 9 70 

Baltimore.— Baltimore— Baltimore Westminster, " M. C. 
D," 5. New Castle— Dover, 51.56; Lewes sab.-sch., for debt, 
8; Manakin, for debt, 5; Port Deposit, 24.29 ; Rock, 20. 
Washington City— Takoma Park, 33.57 ; Washington City 
Covenant, 25. * 172 42 

California.— Benieia — Bay Side Calvary, 5 ; Blue Lake, 
for debt, 5 ; San Rafael (sab.-sch., 21.10), 80.70. Los Angeles— 
Los Angeles Boyle Heights sab.-sch., 5.60 ; — Welsh, 5 ; San 
Gorgoma, 3. Oakland— Oakland 1st (sab.-sch., 10; Jr. C.E. 
debt, 2.50), 12.50; — Brooklyn C.E., 5; —Welsh C.E., 8; 
Pleasanton, 5. San Francisco — San Francisco Memorial, 
5.50. San Jose— Los Gatos, 3.25. 143 55 

Catawba. — Yadkin— Freedom East, 1. 1 00 

Colorado. — Boulder — Fort Morgan 1st, 3.83. Denver— 
Highland Park, 5.94. Gunnison— Returned by a Missionary, 
75. 84 77 

Illinois.— Freeport— Prairie Dell German, 5. Bock Biver 
—Morrison Jr. C.E., 15. Schuyler— Salem German sab.-sch., 
for debt, 2. 22 00 

Indiana.— Crawfordsville— Lexington C.E.,4.85. Muncie — 
Hartford City, for debt, 5. 9 85 

Indian Territory.— Choctaw— Buffalo, 2.75. 2 75 

Iowa.— Cedar Bapids— Blairstown C.E., 86 cts.; Cedar Ra- 
pids 1st C.E., 12.50; Clarence C.E., 1.85; Lyons C.E., 1.25; 
Monticello (C.E., 60 cts.; Jr. C.E., 50 cts.), 1.10; Onslow C.E., 
1.25 ; Scotch Grove C.E., 50 cts.; Wyoming C.E., 2.50. Council 
Bluffs— Audubon (C. E., 1.40), 3.40 ; Council Bluffs 1st C.E., 
2.25; returned by a missionary, 16.67. Des Moines— New- 
ton sab.-sch., 4.73. Dubuque— Dubuque 1st C.E., 1.20; 
— 3d sab.-sch., 2; Hopkinton C.E., 5.81; Lansing 1st C.E., 
5.50; Manchester C.E., 5; Mount Hope, 21; Zion C.E., 
1.54. Fort Dodge— Fonda (sab.-sch., 1 ; Jr. C.E., 1), 3.25; 
Pomeroy 1st, 2.25. Iowa— Birmingham C.E., 93 cts.; Bur- 
lington 1st, 12.40; Hedrick C.E., 40 cts.; Keokuk 1st, S ; 
Martinsburg C.E., 51 cts.; Mediapolis, 50 cts.; Oakland C.E., 
68 cts.; Shunam C.E., 50 cts. Iowa City— Montezuma, 2.50 ; 
Nolo, 4.21. Sioux City— Ashton German, 20 ; Lyon Co. Ger- 
man, 30. Waterloo— Dysart, 5; Holland German (debt, 40), 
80; Rock Creek German sab.-sch., 3. 260 79 

Kansas.— Emporia— Council Grove sab.-sch., 5. Larncd— 
Arlington, 2.84; Galva, 1.25; Kingman, 14.58; Spearville, 
4.95. Neosho— Paolo, 10. Osborne— Crystal Plains, 3. 41 62 

Kentucky.— Zowm'«7/e— Hopkinsville 1st C.E. , 2.50. 2 50 

Michigan. — Detroit— Ann Arbor C.E., 10 ; Detroit Centra!, 
31 ; — Immanuel M.C., 2.27 ; — Memorial C.E., 2 ; — Scovel 
Memorial, 5 ; Plymouth, 7. Flint— Port Huron Westminster 
C.E., 10 ; Returned by a Missionary, 29.16. Grand Bapids— 
Grand Rapids Westminster, 158.05. Monroe — Hillsdale, 7. 
Saginaw— Maple Ridge (C.E., 3), 5 ; Wise, 1. 267 48 

Minnesota. — Drihdh — IHew Duluth House of Hope sab.- 
sch. (a sab.-sch. class patriotic offering for debt, 1), 4. Bed 
Biter— Alliance, 2.70. St. Paul— Macalester Park for Susten- 
tation, 1.35. Winona— Washington, 5.02. 13 07 

Missouri. — Kansas C ily— Returned by a Missionary, 29.17. 
Palmyra — Pleasant Ridge, 2.50. Platte — Rockport, 2 ; Re- 
turned by a Missionary, 41.66. Si. Louis— St. Louis 2d Ger- 
man, 5 ; Sulphur Springs, 3 ; Webster Grove, 71.16 ; Windsor 
Harbor 5 159 49 

Nebraska.— Box Butte— Belmont, 50 eta. ; Unity, 1.50. Hast- 
ings — Culbertson, 2.25. Kearney — Buffalo Grove (debt, 5; 
sab.-sch., 4), 16 ; Salem, 5. Nebraska City— Alexandria, 3.18 ; 
Sterling, 3.70; Tamora (C. E., 90 cts), 2.50. Omaha— Omaha 
Castellar Street (sab.-sch. 3.41), 13.23. 47 86 



New Jersey. —Elizabeth — Basking Ridge, for debt, Jr. 
C.E., 5 ; Cranford, for debt, Jr.C.E., 5 ; Elizabeth 3d Avenue 
Chapel sab.-sch., 2.25; Roselle, 25.54. Jersey City — Jersey 
City 1st sab.-sch. Mis. As. . 50. Monmouth— Freehold sab.-sch. , 
9.84 ; Mount Holly, for debt, 200. Morris and Orange— Madi- 
son, 62.55 ; Morristown 1st, 81.85 ; Orange 1st, 700 ; — Hillside 
sab.-sch., 100 ; Summit Central, 61. Newark— Bloomfield 1st, 
151.08; Montclair 1st C.E., 12.50; Newark 2d, 100; — Park, 
35. New Brunswick — Lambertville C.E., 10; Milford (sab.- 
sch., 17.97; C.E.,2.50), 20.47; Trenton 1st, 2; —Chapel 1st 
C.E., 3.61 ; — Prospect Street, 30. Newton— Beatystown, 1 ; 
Knowlton, 10; La Fayette, patriotic offering for debt, 10; 
Mansfield 2d, 1. West Jersey— Bunker Hill, 1; Elmer, 2; 
Greenwich (sab.-sch., 6), 15 ; Haddonfield, 2.15; Swedesboro 
C.E., 2. 1,711 84 

New York.— A Ibany— Albany State Street, 106.40 ; — West 
End, 50; Mariaville, 6. Binghamton — Binghamton 1st, 
members and C.E, 6 ; — Immanuel, 2.18. Boston— London- 
derry, 8; Lowell, 32; Quincy, 20.51. Brooklyn— Brooklyn 
1st add'l, 198.11 ; — 2d, 224.63; — 5th, 5; — Arlington Avenue, 
13.25; — Classon Avenue C.E., patriotic offering for debt, 
10.00; — Lafayette Avenue (Missionary Concert, 26.85), 51.85; 
Stapleton 1st Edgewater, 14.82 ; West New Brighton Im- 
manuel, 19. Cayuga— Ithaca (sab.-sch., 47.22), 415.30. Che- 
mung— Elrnira Lake St. patriotic offering for debt, 25. Geneva 

— Branchport, 2.66 ; Seneca Falls, 75.32. Hudson — Florida, 
12.40; Nyack W. M. S., for debt, 11; Otisville, 4; West 
Town, 7. Long Island— Bridgehampton, 39.10; Mattituck 
C. E., 6. Nassau— Glen Cove, 7 ; Refund of amount paid to 
Rev. P. A. Schwarz, 62.50. New York- East Harlem, 1; 
New York Central General Missionary Committee, 150 ; — 
Madison Avenue (patriotic offering, 28.48 ; Good-Will Chapel 
sab.-sch. patriotic offering, 18.29), 46.77 : — Morningside, 10 ; 

— Puritan Chapel, 25; — University Place sab.-sch., 25; — 
West sab.-sch., 60. North Biver— Pleasant Vallev (sab.-sch., 
15), 28 ; Poughkeepsie 1st (sab.-sch., 33.67), 64.38"; Wapping- 
er's Falls 2.32. Otsego— Cooperstown, 63.46 ; East Guilford, 
3.80. Bochester— Charlotte (sab.-sch., 3.91), 18.55; Geneseo 
Village, for debt, 2o ; Lima, 27. St. Laivrence — Potsdam, 75. 
Steuben — Almond, 3; Woodhull C. E., 2.50. Syracuse— Con- 
stantia C. E., 3 ; Skaneateles, 27.22. Troy — Melrose C.E., 5 ; 
Salem sab.-sch., 5.66 ; Troy Oakwood Avenue patriotic offer- 
ing for debt (Sr. C.E., 4; Jr. C.E., 6.55 ; sab.-sch., 5), 15.55 ; 

— Woodside, 84.08 ; Waterford, 14.26. Utica— Holland Pat- 
ent, 38 ; Redfield patriotic offering for debt, 1 ; Utica 1st sab.- 
sch., 7; — Bethany (sab.-sch., 13.16), 21.66. Westchester — 
Mount Vernon lst,*332.94 ; South-East Centre Young Ladies' 
League patriotic offering fordebt, 1 ; Thompsonville (sab.- 
sch., 50.40; C.E., 50.40), 100.80. 2722 98 

North Dakota. — Fargo — Hillsboro, 6 ; Hunter, 14.61. 
Minneuaukon— Rolla, 10. 30 61 

Ohio.— Chillicothe— Waverly, 3.40. Cincinnati— Wyoming, 
for debt, 8. Clex'eland— Cleveland 1st, 1000 ; — Calvary sab.- 
sch., 25; — North, 25; — South C.E. patriotic offering for 
debt, 5 ; Parma, 8. Columbus — Columbus 2d, 76.58. Dayton — 
Springfield 2d sab.-sch., 25. Mahoning— North Jackson, 9. 
Portsmouth — Ripley, 5. St. Clairsville — Pleasant Valley, 2. 
Zanesville— Fredericktown, 11. 1202 98 

Oregon.— East Oregon— Union, 2.97. Portland— Bethel, 2 ; 
Springwater, 7. Southern Oregon — Yoncalla, 1. Willamette — 
Liberty, 2. 14 97 

Pennsylvania. — Allegheny— Allegheny 2d, 10 ; — Central, 
1.52 ; Glasgow Jr.C.E., 1 ; Glenfield, 14.26. Butler— Centre- 
ville, 72 ; Harlansburg, 7 ; New Salem, 10 ; Scrub Grass, 25. 
Carlisle— Lebanon Christ sab.-sch., 6.61. Chester — Ashmun, 



1898.] 



HOME MISSIONS — FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



175 



15 ; Avondale, 4 ; Chester 1st (sab.-sch., 20), 25 ; Wayne sab.- 
sch., 18.83. Clarion— Du Bois, 50 : Johnson burg, 10.33 ; Mount 
Pleasant patriotic ottering, 1; Reynoldsville, 17 ; Shiloh, 2; 
Wikox, 21.43; Cash, for debt. 25. Erie — Erie East minster Mis- 
sion sab.-sch., 6.83; North-East sab.-sch., 22.06; Titusville, 
100.12 ; Warren sab.-sch., 100. Huntingdon— Mapleton, 2.50 ; 
Milesbnrg, 6.53 ; Moshannon and Snow Shoe, 2.47. Kitlanning 
—Apollo (sab.-sch., 10), 44 ; Atwood, 1.70 ; Boiling Spring, 5 ; 
Cherry Tree, 1.12 ; Elderton, 6.65; Whitesburg, 5.40. Ixicka- 
wamma — Great Bend, 9; Harmony, 57; Herrick, 8; New 
Milford, 7.50 ; Scranton Sumner Avenue, 1 ; — Washburn St. 
C.E., 21,85 ; Taylor, 1.50; Wilkesbarre 1st, 394.37 ; — Memo- 
rial sab.-sch., 66.S0. Lehigh — Audenreid, 23.34 ; Bethlehem 
1st, 12.87 ; Mahanoy City C.E., 4.50. Northumberland— Wil- 
liamsport Covenant sab.-sch., 32.51. Philadelphia — Phila- 
delphia Arch Street sab.-sch., 67.78; — Bethany sab.-sch. 
(Cuyler Class, 10; East Balcony Class, 2), 33; — Bethesda 
sab.-sch., 8.67 ; — Memorial Chapel C.E., for debt, 1.75; — 
Richmond, 15 ; — Westminster, 13.75. Philadelphia North- 
Fox Cha.se Memorial, 3 ; Hermon, 50. Pittsburg — Idlewood 
Hawthorne Avenue, 8; Pittsburg East Liberty, 98 07; — 
Edgewood, 30.28; — Lawrenceville (sab.-sch., 6.60), 41.66; 
— Shady Side (C.E., for debt, 20; sab.-sch., 45), 75.97; 
Wilkinsburg, (C.E., 30), 163.19. Redstone — New Salem, 9; 
Rehoboth, 19.69 ; Spring Hill Furnace, 2. Shenango — 
Hermon patriotic offering for debt, 15. Washington — Fair- 
view, 20; Upper Buffalo sab.-sch., 7.61 ; Washington 1st sab.- 
sch., 4. Westm inster— New Harmony, 32. 2001 02 
South Dakota.— Southern Daho ta —Sioux Falls, 18.49. 

18 49 
Tennessee.— Un ion -Hopewell, 2.50. 2 50 

Texas.— A rutin— League City, 1 ; La Porte 1st, 4.50 ; Web- 
ster, 3. North Texas— Jackboro sab.-sch., 1.20 ; Seymour, a 
member, 10. 19 70 

Utah.— Boise— Returned by a Missionary, 10. 10 00 

Washington. — Olympia — Chehalis, for debt, 5 ; Kelso 
(C.E., 2.50), 5.50. Paget Sound— Fair Haven, 8.35: Moxee, 3; 
Parker, 1. Spokane— Cortland, 3.75; Wilbur, 4.50. 31 10 
^Wisconsin. — Ckippetoa— Superior patriotic offering, 10; 
West Superior Hammond Avenue, 25.60. La Crosse— Neills- 
ville patriotic offering (Pine Valley sab.-sch.. 53 cts.), 2.88; 
Old Whitehall patriotic offering, 2.64 ; Shortville patriotic 
offering, 57 cts. Madison — Eden Bohemian, 4; Muscoda 
Bohemian, 3 ; Returned by a Missionary, 8.33. Milwaukee— 
Cedar Grove, 17.15 ; Milwaukee Grace C.E., debt, 5 ; — Hol- 
land (sab.-sch., 1.50; Ladies' Societv, 5), 24; — Immanuel, 
37.67 ; — Westminster C.E., 2.50. Winnebago — Robinson, 7 ; 
St. Sauveur, 1.25; Wequiock, 5. 156 59 

Total «9,161 63 

Less amount refunded to San Francisco Presby- 
tery San Francisco Lebanon Churches 8 75 

Total received from churches 9,152 88 

Woman's Board of Home Missions 18,605 52 

LEGACIES. 

Legacy of Mary F. Hovey, late of Crawfordsville, 
Ind.", 500; William A. Wheeler, late of Malone, 
N. Y., add'l, 50; James Macintosh Wilson, 
late of New York, 2500; Daniel Price, late of 
Newark, N. J.,- 2546; Sundry legal expenses re- 
funded, 19.16 5,615 16 

INDIVIDUALS, ETC. 

L. H. Severance, Cleveland, O., 100 ; C. B. Gardner, 
Trustee, 50; D. F. Denman, Coshocton, ()., for 
debt, 50 ; Jos. W. Sheehan, 2 ; Collection at An- 
nual Meeting of the Woman's Board at General 
Assembly, for debt, 88.50; Offering at Prayer 
Meeting of the Synodical Missionaries at Gene- 
ral Assembly, 45 ; Collection in part at meeting 
of the General Assembly, 275.02 ; C. W. Loomis, 
Binghamton, N. Y., 30 ; " Cooperstown, N. Y.," 
1.36 ; Presbyterian Relief Association of Ne- 
braska, 90.90; Rev. T. L. Sexton, for debt, 25 ; 
( . G~ Sterling. Madison, Wis , for debt, 2 ; II. D. 
Sterling, Madison, Wis, for debt, 5; S. Mills 
Ely. Binghamton, N. Y., 14; A Friend, Green- 
field, Iowa, 5; A Friend, Albany, N. Y., 20; 
Mrs. 1). F. Diefenderfer, of Erie Presbyterial 
Home Missionary Society, for debt, 100 ; Mis- 



sionary Society of Wilson College, Chambers- 
burg, Pa., 54.18 ; Raymond H. Hughes, Altoona, 
Pa., 4; Rev. Jos. C. Harvey. Philadelphia, Pa., 
for debt, 5; Friends in Falls Chinch, Va., for 
debt, 22 ; S. A. Miller, Russell, Iowa, for debt, 5 ; 
A Friend, Bridgehamton, N. Y., 5; Mrs. Sarah 
S. Davidson, Chicago, 111., for debt, 15; Rev. J. 
S. Pomeroy, Fairview, W.Va., 1 ; Mrs. Addie 
Correll, for debt, 1 ; Mrs. Mary Curtis, for debt, 
1 ; Mrs. Sallie Couchman, for debt, 1 ; Hugh L. 
Hodge, Erie, Pa., patriotic ottering for debt, 25 ; 
Henry Lowry, Maryville, Tenu., 4; Miss Bin- 
ford, Crawfordsville, Ind., for debt, 5 ; ("has. M. 
Hayward, N. Y. City, 3; J. W. Taylor, Sprague, 
Neb., patriotic offering for debt, 1 ; Dr. John A. 
Murphy, Cincinnati, O., for debt, 1 ; A Friend, 
25; A Friend, Fulton, Ate., 3; Rev. W. S. Nel- 
son, 10 ; Miss Mabel Slade, N. Y. City, 500 ; Mrs. 
T. Williamson, Ferry, Mich., 24; L. H. Sever- 
ance, Cleveland, (>., for debt, 5000; Margaret J. 
Cratty, Bellaire, <)., 5 ; W. N. Kerr, Kingfisher, 
Ok.Ty., 5; "Brooklyn," 30; John S. Porter, 
Summit, X. J., patriotic offering for debt, 1; A 
Friend of Home Missions, patriotic ottering for 
debt, 2 ; Mrs. Mary Iris Sykes, Clinton, N.Y., 
patriotic •ffering for debt, 1 ; Mrs. Sallie C. Pat- 
tengill, Lena, N. Y., patriotic ottering for debt, 
10; Mrs. M. F. Abbott, Granville, <)., patriotic 
offering for debt, 1 ; " A. E. P.," patriotic otter- 
ing for debt, 1; "A. E. McN.," 2; Miss Theo- 
dosia Foster, Elmer, N. J., patriotic offering for 
debt, 1 ; Mr. and Mrs. James M. Ham, Brooklyn, 
N.Y., patriotic ottering for debt, 100 ; Rev. R. H. 
McCreadv, Chester, N. Y., patriotic ottering for 
debt, 1.10"; E. Q. Holcombe, Lee, Mass., patriotic 
offering for debt, 1 ; Miss R. Jennie Brown, Sum- 
merfield, O., patriotic ottering for debt, 1 ; R. C. 
Steele, Melmore, O., patriotic ottering for debt, 
5; Mrs. L. A. Parsons, Perth Amboy, N. J., 
patriotic offering for debt, 5 ; Anne E. W. Rich- 
mond, Nunda, N.Y., patriotic offering for debt, 
1 ; Mrs. MelindaS. Boyd, Prospect, O., patriotic 
offering for debt, 1 ; Mrs. Sallie P. Sharp, Wilkes- 
Barre, Pa., 200; Mrs. E. M. McCroskey.Tecumseh, 
Neb., for debt, 500 ; Rev. H. E. Nicklen, Colon, 
Neb., patriotic offering for debt, 1; Mrs. I. H. 
Williams, Brooklyn, patriotic offering for debt, 
1 ; Mrs. H. N. Wa'ring, Brooklyn, N.Y., patriotic 
offering for debt, 1 ; Miss Helen A. Hawley, Clif- 
ton Springs, N.Y., patriotic offering for debt, 1 ; 
Miss Laura M. Gordon, Eureka, Kans., patriotic 
offering for debt, 1 ; Rev. and Mrs. Wm. Meyers, 
Tecumseh, Ok. Ter., 10; " C. Penna.," 14; "J. 
T.W. and M.W.," 2.50 ; P. P. Bissett, St Thomas, 
N. D., 10; Joseph Piatt, Davenport, Iowa (pat- 
riotic offering for debt, 10), 35; Rev. John R. 
Thompson, Vancouver, Wash., patriotic offering 
for debt, 1 ; " L." patriotic offering for debt, 25; 
Mrs. David C. Lyon, St. Paul, Minn., patriotic 
offering for debt, 1 ; MissS. A. Raiman, Auburn, 
N. Y., patriotic offering for debt, 2 ; Rev. D. E. 
Finks, for debt, 50 ; Mrs. E. T. Crane, New York 
City, patriotic offering for debt, 1 ; Wm. Jack- 
son, Indianapolis. Ind., 25; "A Friend," 5000 ; 
"W.J. E.," 1; Mrs. Dr. Kirkwood, for debt, 
2.50; Miss Emeline M Greenleaf, New York 
City, patriotic offering for debt, 5; Interest on 
General Permanent Fund, 292.50 ; Interest on 
John C. Green Fund, 525 813,635 20 

Total received for Home Missions, June, 1898 . . S47.008 76 

" " during same period last year . . . 29,434 85 

since April 1, 1898 113,812 05 

" " during same period last year . . . 77,875 68 

SPECIAL DONATIONS. 

Through Lehigh Presbytery $49 98 

H. C. Olin, Treasurer, 

156 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 

Madison Square Branch P. O., Box 156. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF FOREIGN MISSIONS, JUNE, 1898. 



Baltimore. — Baltimore — Annapolis, 10.64. Baltimore 
Westminster, 5 ; Frostburgh, 6. New Castle — Wilmington 
West sab.-sch., 21.95; Zion, 45. Washington City— Hyatt s- 
ville, sab.-sch., 10; Washington City Covenant, 52; — New 
York Avenue sab.-sch., 25.65. 

California.— Benicia— Bay Side, 4 ; Vallejo, 5. Los An- 
geles—Los Angeles Welsh, 5; Redlands sab.-sch., 10; Santa 



Monica, 6.50. Sacramento — Tehama, 4 ; Westminster sab.- 
sch., 5. San Francisco — San Francisco Lebanon, 8.75. 

Catawba.— Catawba— Westminster sab.-sch., 5; Leeper's 
Chapel, 1.25. 

Colorado.— Denver— Georgetown, 3.50. 

Illinois. —Bloomington — Piper City, 7; Waynesville, 3. 
Chicago — Chicago 2d, 334; — 4th, 1,202; — Christ Chapel 



176 



FOREIGN MISSIONS — EDUCATION. 



[August, 



sab.-sch., 10.19 ; — Ridgway Avenue sab. -sen'., 10.12 ; Christ 
Chapel, 10.2; Lake Forest, 600. Freeporl — Rock Run, 7. 
Ottawa — Polo Independent, 27.13. Peoria— Alta, 3 ; Elinira 
sab.-sch., 13 ; Prineeville, 22. Rock River — Buffalo I'rairie, 
3.10. Schvyler — Kirkwook, sab.-sch., 2.60. Sjwin g field — 
Jacksonville sab.-sch., 20 ; Springfield 1st, 66. 

Indiana. — Crawfordsvllle— Wavelaud, 10. Fori Wayne— 
Hopewell, 5 ; Warsaw, 2. Indianapolis — Clear City, 3 ; Po- 
land, 5. Ijogansport — Logansport 1st sab.-sch., 6.25 ; Michi- 
gan City sab.-sch., 17.05. New Albany — Jefferson, 4.45. 
While Water— Knightstown, 18.03. 

Indian Territory.— Oklahoma— New'kiTk , 4.50. 

Iowa.— Des Moines-Des Moines Central, 236.10, sab.-sch., 
8.28 ; Newton sab.-sch., 4.73. Dubuque — Dubuque 3d sab.- 
sch., 2. Iowa City — Montezuma, 2.50. Waterloo — Holland 
German, 70; Rock Creek German sab.-sch., 3; Waterloo, 
27.07. 

Kansas.— Emporia— Emporia Arundle Avenue sab.-sch. , 1; 
Wichita 1st, 13.75; — Oak Street, 10; Winfield 1st, 50. 
Lamed — Spear vi He, 4. Neosho — Parsons sab.-sch., 5.13 ; 
Scammon 1st, 5. 

Kentucky.— Louisril/e— Louisville 4th, 2.85. 

Michigan. —Detroit — East Nankin, 8; Milford sab.-sch., 
15. Monroe— Monroe, 27 ; Raisin, 4. 

Minnesota. — Mankato— Jasper, 3; Winnebago City sab.- 
sch., 11.39. St. Paul— St. Paul 1st, 6.64 ; — Dayton Avenue 
sab.-sch., 16.77. 

Missouri.— Kansas City— Kansas City 1st sab.-sch., 9.38; 
Westfield, 3.60. 

Nebraska. — Hastings— Axtel, 3. Kearney — Fullerton, 
6.17; (ribbon, 2.75. Nebraska City— Auburn, 5.09. Niobrara— 
Apple Creek, 1 ; Oakdale, 3. Omaha — Omaha Castellar 
Street sab.-sch., 3.42. 

New Jersey. — Elizabeth — Cranford, 81.24, Y.P.S.,25; 
Elizabeth 1st, Y.P.S., 34.07; Roselle, 100; Washinglon Val- 
ley sab.-sch., 9.08. Jersey City — Jersey City 1st, 219.83, 
sab.-sch., 50; Patterson Westminster, 5. Monmouth — Free- 
hold 4th sab.-sch., 9.83. Morris and Orange — East Orange 
Arlington Avenue, 251.15.; — Bethel, 63.29; Livingston 
Hanover sab.-sch., 5 ; Morristown 1st, 5. Summit Central, 
128.45. Newark— Newark 2d, 87.50 ; — 6th, 30 ; — Memorial 
34 ; — Park, 24. New Brunswick — Trenton Prospect Street, 
100. Newton— Beatyestown, 1 ; Mansfield 2d, 1. West Jersey— 
Bunker Hill, 1 ; Cedarville 1st, 11 ; Elmer, 3 ; Fairfield, 7.40; 
Haddonfield, 2.15; Merchantville, 60. 

New Mexico.— Santa Fc— Las Vegas East, 29.90. 

New York.— A Ibany— Albany 1st sab.-sch., 30.58. Boston— 
New Boston, 3.75. Brooklyn— Brooklyn 5th, 5 ; — Classon 
Avenue, 5, Y.P.S., 10; —Franklin Avenue, 6.43; — Lafay- 
ette Avenue, 175; — South Third Street, 25.25; — Throop 
Avenue, 48 ; Stapleton 1st Edgewater, 14.82. Cayuga— Five 
Corners sab.-sch., 65 cts.; Ithaca, 467.24. Chemung— More- 
land, 5. Geneva— Geneva 1st, 11.71. Hudson— Port Jervis, 
29.83. Long Island— Bridgehampton, 38.71. Lyon s— Newark, 
7; Wolcott 1st, 9.32 Nassa u — Freeport, 1,832; Newton 
sab.-sch., 11.76. New York— New York 13th St. sab.-sch. , 25 ; 
— Morningside, 10 ; — University Place sab.-sch., 25. North 
River— Newburg Calvary, 15.22. Otsego — Springfield, 17.13. 
Rochester— Brocknort sab.-sch., 5.79. St. Lawrence — Water- 
town 1st, 119.08. Troy — Troy Woodside sab.-sch., 84.07. 
Utica— New Hartford, 23.33 ; Rome, 32.23. Westchester— New 
Rochelle, 2d, 56.67; Patterson, 119. 

Ohio.— Athens. —Veto, 7. Bellefonlaine — Urbana sab.- 
sch., 5.08. Cincinnati— Wyoming, 218.23. Cleveland— Cleve- 
land 1st, 1000; Cleveland Bethany sab.-sch., 9.44; North 
Springfield, 7. Mahoning— Coitsville, 3.50; Lowellville, 6.50; 
Youngstown 1st, 27.14. Maumee— Toledo 3, 10 ; — 5th, 4.50. 
St. Clairsville— Crab Apple, 30. Steubenville— East Springfield 
Y.P.S., 2.15; Island Creek, 25, sab.-sch., 1.55; Oak Ridge 
Y.P.S., 10; Pleasant Hill, 355, Y. P. S., 5; Scio Y.P.S., 8; 
Wellsville 2d, 6. Zanesville— Homer, 4.50. 

Oregon.— Willamette— Pleasant Grove, 5; Salem, 2. 

Pennsylvania. — Allegheny — Allegheny 2d, 11. Blairs- 
7<t/fe— Ligonier sab.-sch., 3.95. Butler— North Washington, 18. 
Carlisle — Lebanon Christ sab.-sch., 10.17 ; Upper, 2. Chester— 
Avondale, 1.87 ; Bryn Mawr, 607.50 ; Honey Brook, 83 ; Not- 
tingham sab.-sch., 60 cts.; Wayne sab.-sch., 20.09 ; Westches- 
ter 1st, 10 ; — Westminster sab.-sch., 4.40 ; West Grove, 5.60. 
Clarion — Beech Woods, 69.55. Dubois, 50 ; Reynoldsville 
sab.-sch., 5. Erie— Erie 1st, 500 ; Greenville, 17.46 ; Meadville 



Central sab.-sch., 14.49; Titusville sab.-sch., 5.80; Warren 
sab-sch., 70. Huntingdon— Juniata, 23; MiHlintown West- 
minster sab.-sch., 5.89. Kittanning— Worthington,5. Lacka- 
wanna — Brooklyn sab.-sch., 5.34; Elinhurst, 1; Scranton 
Cedar Avenue, 50; Wilkes Barre Memorial sab.-sch., 81. so ; 
Wysox, 2. Lehigh — Bethlehem 1st, 20.61. Philadelphia— 
Philadelphia Arch Street sab.-sch., 39.26 ; - Bethany, 1120.04 ; 
— Bethesda sab.-sch., 8.67 ; — Calvary sab.-sch., 4; — Cove- 
nant, 27 ; — Grace, 15 ; — Hope, 20 ; — West Hope, 25. 
Philadelphia North— German town 2d, 369.02. Pittsburg— 
Bethany sab.-sch., 24.67; Pittsburg 3d, 2.50; — 6th Y.P.S., 
15 ; — East Liberty, 122 59 ; Wilkinsburg, 123.22. Redstone- 
Hound Hill, 95. Washington— Mill Creek, 2. 

South Dakota. — Central Dakota — Woonsocket sab.- 
sch., 4.60. 

Texas. — Austin— El Paso, 17.75 ; San Antonio Madison 
Square sab.-sch., 14. North Texas— Denison sab.-sch., 4.15. 

Wisconsin. — Madison — Belleville, 8.55; Madison Christ, 
25. Milwaukee — Milwaukee Immanuel, 40.11, sab-sch., 10.90. 

miscellaneous. 

Chas. Bird, U. S. N., support Mr. Chun, 6 ; M. P. 
Gray, 1; T. K. Davis, support Hy. Forman, 
63.55; James Howard, 3 ; "A Friend," through 
Pastor Newton, 11.76 ; " Reader of the Christian 
Herald," 75 cts.; Rev. John Young, 5; Cash, 5; 
Y. M. and Y. W. C. Association of Parsons, Col., 
support Mr. McClure, 6.28 ; E. Higginson, sup- 
port Hau Chin Kang, 55 ; Joseph S. Osborne, 50; 
Wilson College, 54.18; Sale of test glasses, 30; 
Rev. James Patterson, 15 ; Mary Gilmore Wil- 
liams, 4.37 ; " A Friend," support Messrs. John- 
son and Fraser, 83.33 ; Rev. C. Thwing, salary 
Ghasita Singh, 15 ; A Friend, 12 ; Miss Alida 
Beyers, work under Mrs. Marten, 2; H. F. Ly- 
man, 5; W. E. Hunt, support Chlartie Lai, 5; 
John S. Merriman, 1 ; Miss Mabel Slade, 600 ; 
Fannie Leedham, 10 ; Northfield Y. W. C. Asso- 
ciation, Dr. Chamberlain, 10 ; J. N. Field, 2000; 
Member Winona German Church, 5 ; D. C. nar- 
rower, 5; W. S. B., Jr., 25; "Brooklyn," 20; 
Convention of German Ministers and Elders in 
the East, 40 ; B. M. Nyce, for J. E. Adams, 100 ; 
I. B. Shelling, 75 ; Rev. Wm. J. McKettrick, 25; 
Frances L. Conklin, 7 ; Mrs. S. P. Sharpe, 200 ; 
Stella M. Seymour, 5; Mrs. Anna S. Walworth, 
5; "Friends," 14; "A Friend," 3000; D. C. 
McLaren, 20; T. C. Winn, 6; Rev. Wm. Bird, 
32.50 86,638 72 

legacies. 

Estate of D. Price, 1273 ; Estate of S. C. Brace, 
1905 ; Estate of Margaret Neely, 925 ; Estate of 
Moses Elliott, 142.14 ; Estate of James M.Wilson, 
2500 86,745 14 



86,745 14 
women's boards. 

Woman' Board of Foreign Missions of the Presby- 
terian Church 2,500 00 

Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of the 
Presbyterian Church 1,050 38 

Woman's Presbyterian Board of Missions of the 
North-West 1,823 00 

Woman's Occidental Board of Foreign Missions. 12 00 

85,385 38 

Total received for the month of June, 1898 830,043 66 

Total received from May 1, 1898, to June, 30, 

1898 46,719 49 

Total received from May 1, 1897, to June 30, 

1897 41,622 89 

Charles W. Hand, Treasurer, 
156 Fifth Avenue, New York. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF EDUCATION, JUNE, 1898. 



Baltimore.— Baltimore — Baltimore Westminster (per M. 
CD.), 5. New Castle— Lower Brandywine, 5; Rock, 4; 
Wilmington Rodney Street, 11.70. Washington City— Wash- 
ington City Covenant, 50. 

Cailfornia.— Oafcfrmd— Alameda, 15.65; West Berkeley,l. 

Colorado.— Boulder — Fort Morgan, 74 cts. Pueblo — 
Canon City (sab.-sch., 5), 13. 

Illinois.— Bloominglon — Bloomington 1st, 8. Peoria- 
Yates City, 3. Rock River— Buffalo Prairie, 70 cts. 



Indiana. — Crawfordsvllle — Rockville Memorial, 1.98 ; 
Waveland, 5. Fort Wayne— La Grange, 5. Indianapolis- 
Indianapolis Tabernacle, 18. Logansport — Union, 2.01. 
Vincennes— Sullivan, 5. White Water— Mt. Carmel, 2. 

Iowa.— Des Moines— Milo, 3. Iowa— Burlington 1st, 2.40. 
Iowa City— Columbus Central (sab.-sch., 1.81), 3.76. 

Kentucky. — Ebenezer— Lexington 2d, 17.35. 

Michigan.— Monroe— Clayton, 2.57 ; Dover, 3.20. 



1898.] 



EDUCATION — 8ABBATH-8CHOOL WORK. 



177 



Minnesota. — Mankato — Windom, 5. Winona — Clare- 
inont, 5. 

Missouri. — Kansas Oily— Clinton, 6. 

New Jersey.— Elizabeth— Flain&e\d 1st, 23.06 ; Roselle, 
4.95. Monmouth— Oceanic, 15. Mori-is and Orange— Madi- 
son, 5.99 ; Mendham 2d, 3.80 ; St. Cloud, 6.86. Newark— 
Newark 2d, 12.50 ; — Park, 4.90. New Brunswick— Ven- 
nington, 19.70; Trenton Bethany, 10. Newton— Beatyes- 
town, 1 ; Mansfield 2d, 1. West Jersey— Bunker Hill, 1.62. 

New York.— Albany— Albany State Street, 20.59 ; Balls- 
ton Spa, 6.35 ; Stephentown, 425. Binghamton — Lordville, 
1. Boston — Springfield, 1. Brooklyn — Brooklyn Throop 
Avenue, 29. Cayuga— Ithaca, 48.97. Genesee— Bergen, 8.83. 
JTudson— Florida, 2.40; West Town, 1. Nassau — Freeport, 
8.63. New ForA;— New York 1st, 74;— East Harlem, 1; 
— University Place, 97.29. North River— Poughkeepsie, 
5.95. Otsego — Springfield, 3.39. St. Lawrence— Canton, 5.99. 
Steuben— Jasper, 2.12 ; Painted Post, 6.05. Syracuse— Mexi- 
co, 19.61. Troy— Water ford, 7.13. Utica— Utica Bethany, 
3.51. Westchester— Bedford, 4. 

Ohio. — Athens — New England, 1. Chillicolhe — Blooming- 
burg, 4.75 ; White Oak, 4. Cincinnati — Avondale, 54.02. 
Dayton— Bethel, 1.76. 

Oregon.— East Oregon— Union, 38 cts. 

Pennsylvania. — Allegheny — Allegheny Central, 81 cts.; 
Glenfield, 9.99. Carlisle— Paxton, 11. Chester— Chichester 
Memorial, 2; Dilworthtown, 2 ; Wayne, 3.64. Clarion— 
Beech Woods (a member of), 32 cts.; Du Bois, 20. Erie— 
Hadley, 2. Kittanning— Cherry Tree, 22 cts.; Union, 4. 
Lackawanna— Canton, 7; Peckville, 2. Lehigh— Bethlehem 
1st, 3.44. Northumberland — Jersey Shore, 45. Philadelphia 
—Philadelphia North Broad Street, 185.30. Philadelphia 
North — Abington, 20.96; (iermantown Wakefield, 23.21. 



Pittsburg — Pittsburg East Liberty, 24.52 ; — Shady Side 
(sab. -sch., 28.12), 55.59. Shenango -Clarksville, 9.05. Wash- 
ington — West Union, 2.50. Wtllsboro— Port Alleghany, 1. 

South Dakota. — Southern Dakota — Harmony, 3.65. 

AVTsconsin.— CA//>pewa— Ashland 1st, 8.91. Milwaukee— 

Milwaukee Immanuel, 30.36. 

Receipts from churches in June $1,186 95 

" " Sabbath-schools and Y.P. Societies.. 34 93 

refunded. 

" F. L. M.," 335 ; Rev. T. G. Brashear, Persia, 50 ; 
F. C. Engart,2.50 387 50 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

M. (r. Post, Bayhead, Fla.,2 ; Special for students, 
Dr. H, 15; Rev. Joseph Piatt, 25; Friends, Os- 
mun, N. D., 1.50; C. Penna., 2 ; V alley Cottage, 
N. Y.,1 46 50 

INCOME ACCOUNT. 

262.50,19.15,24,340.50,200, 175.50 1,021 65 

82,677 53 
Less amount credited to New London church, 
Iowa Presby tery, twice in April 1 00 

Total receipts in June, 1898 $2,676 53 

Total from April 16, 1898 5,244 63 

Jacob Wilson, Treasurer, 
512 Witherspoon Building, Philadelphia. 



RECEIFTS FOR SABBATH-SCHOOL WORK FOR MAY, 1898. 



Atlantic— East Florida— Hawthorne, 5. Fairfield— Beth- 
lehem sab.-sch., 2.98. 7 98 
Baltimore.— Baltimore — Baltimore Brown Memorial, 
146.26. 146 26 
California.— i?e?u'cm— Ukiah, 1.25. Los Angeles— Fer- 
nando, 4 ; North Ontario sab.-sch., 11.34. Oakland -San 
Leandro sab.-sch., 2.21. Sacramento— Eureka, 10; Fall River 
Mills, 1.45. San Jose— C&yacas, 1.50. 3175 
Catawba.— Cape Fear— Fayetteville, 3.20. 3 20 
Colorado.— Dtnver— Brighton, 3.20. Pueblo — Trinidad 
1st, 9.75 ; Walseuburgh, 51 cts. 13 46 
Illinois.— Alton — Brighton, 2. Chicago — Chicago 41st 
Street, 22.10. Freeport— Rock ford Westminster, 8.88 ; Wil- 
low Creek, 28.10 ; Winnebago, 10. Peoria —Prospect, 2.57. 
Rock River — Edgington, 7 ; Morrison, 47.26 ; Peniel, 9. 
Schuyler— Carthage, 4.28 ; Monmouth, 12.97. 154 16 
Indiana. — Craufordsville — Bethany, 5.50 ; Waveland, 7. 
Fort Wayne— Lima, 7.50. Logansport— Union, 2.40. New 
Albany— Sharon, 2. 24 40 
Indian Territory. — Choctaw — South McAlester, 12. 
Sequoyah— Muscogee, 17 ; Vinita sab.-scb., 4. 33 00 
Iowa.— Cedar Rapids — Clarence sab.-sch., 7.28. Des 
Moines— Centreville, 8.45 ; Dallas Centre, 8. Fort Dodge— 
Germania, 1.65 ; Ramsey German, 3. Iowa — Birmingham, 
5; Burlington 1st, 2.40; West Point, 2.85. Sioux City— 
Ellicott Creek, 75 cts.; Sibley German, 1.35. 40 73 
Kansas. — Emporia — Emporia Arundel Avenue sab.-sch., 
4.55. AeosAo— Girard, 16.35. Osborne— Colby sab.-sch., 7.40. 

28 30 
Kentucky.— Zoum///e— Owensboro 1st, 8.50. 8 50 

Michigan.— Detroit— Detroit 1st, 118.21 ; Ypsilanti, 24.05. 
Kalamazoo -Kalamazoo North, 4.72; Sturgis, 1.50. Monroe 
—Monroe, 6.28. 154 76 

Minnesota.— Dululh— Hinckley sab.-sch., 3. Mankato— 
Balaton, 1.95 ; Luverne, 3. Minneapolis— Minneapolis High- 
land Park, 3.69. St. Paul— St. Paul Central, 9.02. Winona 
— Havana, 2. 22 66 

Missouri.— P/a«e— Parkville, 2. 2 00 

NEBRASKA. — Hastings — Ruskin, 2. Kearney — Genoa, 5. 
Nebraska OUy— Alexandria (sab.-sch., 2.10), 2.60; Bennett 
sab.-sch., 7.33. Omaha— Tekamah, 4.60. 2153 

New .Jkrsey. — Jersey City — Jersey City Westminster, 
5.12. Morris and Orange — Morristown South Street, 36.79 ; 
Pleasant Grove, 3 ; Whippany, 1. Newark— Newark Memo- 
rial, 8.50; —Park, 3.52. New Brunswick— Ewing, 13.90; 
Priuceton 2d, 4.40. West Jersey — Bridgeton 2d, 20.02; 
Cedarville 1st, 7.89 ; Fairfield, 5.05. 109 19 

New Mexico— Santa Fe—Las Vegas 1st, 10.14. 10 14 

New York.— Albany — Carlisle' sab.-sch., 5; Charlton, 
14.65 ; Gloversville Kingsboro Avenue, 12.50. Boston,— Low- 
ell, 5 ; Windham, 3.39. Brooklyn — Brooklyn Classon Ave- 
nue, 25. Columbia — Windham, 14. Genesee — Batavia, 13.54. 
Geneva— Dresden, 3 ; Geneva 1st, 2. Hudson— Chester, 2.81 ; 
Unionville, 1. Lyons— Ontario, 2 ; Sodus, 3.10. New York— 
New York 5th Avenue, 389.81; —Westminster West 23d 
Street, 25. Syracuse — Skaueateles, 3.61. Troy — Hoosick 



Falls, 8 ; Troy Westminster, 8.84 ; — Woodside, 19.94. 
Utica— Little Falls sab.-sch., 60 cts.; West Camden, 3.30. 
Westchester— Gilead, 11.50; Thompson ville, 7.62. 585 21 

North Dakota.— Pembina — Elkmout, 50 cts.; Inkster, 
2.60. 3 10 

Ohio.— Belief onto ine— Bellefontaine, 2 82; Bucyrus, 7.20. 
Cincinnati— Cincinnati 2d German sab.-sch., 3 ; Hartwell, 5 ; 
Pleasant Run, 3.60. Cleveland— Cleveland 1st, 18.89 ; Guil- 
ford, 2.70. Dayton — Collinsville sab.-sch., 8.09. Lima— 
Euon Valley, 3 ; Van Buren, 3. Mahoning— Ellsworth, 8 ; 
Poland, 7.15; Youngstowu, 28.87. Portsmouth— Manchester, 
5. St. Clairsville— Demos, 2; Nottingham, 5.15; Rock Hill, 
5.50. Steuben ville— Irondale, 6 ; Richmond ch. and sab.-sch., 
5.58. Wooster— Ashland, 5.07. Zanesville — Madison. 6.30 ; 
New Lexington, 2. 143 92 

Oregon. — East Oregon— Union, 49 cts. Willamette— Dal- 
las, 2 ; Pleasant Grove, 2 ; Salem sab.-sch., 20.85. 25 34 
Pennsylvania.— Allegheny— Allegheny Melrose Ave., 29.50; 
Bakerstown, 14; Cross Roads, 4 ; Pine Creek 1st, 4. Blairs- 
ville— Cross Roads, 1 ; Fairfield, 3.90 ; Unity, 10.25. Butler— 
Centreville, 21; Millbrook, 1; Muddy Creek, 5.30; New Hope, 
2 ; Plain Grove, 5.50. Carlisle— Carlisle 1st, 17 ; llarrisburg 
Covenant, 7 ; — Elder Street, 2 ; Lebanon 4th Street, 2 ; 
Mercersburg, 11.16; Paxton, 7.09; Steelton sab.-sch., 7. 
Chester— Dilworthtown, 3. Clarion— Richland, 1. Erie- 
Cool Spring, 2.83 ; Erie Chestnut Street, 6 ; Garland, 4.55 ; 
Georgetown, 3 ; Irviiieton, 5 ; North Clarendon, 4 ; North 
East, 9.50; North Warren, 2.25; Oil City 1st, 22.42; Pitts- 
field, 2.81. Huntingdon— Altoona 3d, 5.10; Bellefonte, 19; 
Lower Spruce Creek, 5.37 ; Milesburg, 5.22 ; Moshaunou and 
Snow Shoe, 2.15 ; Petersburg, 6.57. Lackawanna— Franklin, 
1.41; Rushville, 1.75; Stevensville, 1.10. Lehigh— South 
Bethlehem, 14 ; Northumberland— Watsontown, 4. Philadel- 
phia— Philadelphia Grace sab.-sch., 19.19; — Memorial, 40. 
Philadelj>hia North — Abington, 21.92. Pittsburg— Cannons- 
bun,' Central, 11.34 ; Courtney and Coal Bluff, 2 ; Edgewood, 
11.34; McKee's Rocks, 4; Pittsburg 6th, 26.51; —Grace 
Memorial, 1; — Herron Avenue, 2.65; — Honiewood Ave- 
nue, 11.50; Sheridanville, 2.11. Redstone — P.rownsville, 
17.50; Jefferson, 2; Mt. Pleasant Reunion, 3.07 ; New Provi- 
dence, 15. Shenango — Transfer, 1.50. Washington — East 
Buffalo sab.-sch., 4.75 ; Upper P.uffalo, 22.75. 509 18 

South Dakota. — Dakota— Buffalo Lake, 1 ; White River, 
1 ; Yankton Agency, 1. Southern Dakota— Alexandria sab.- 
sch., 1. 4 00 

Tennessee.— Holston — College Hill, 2.41; Hot Springs 
sab.-sch., 3.71 ; Jonesboro, 4.68. Kingston — Thomas Jst, 
3.25. Union— Hopewell, 1.60; South Knoxville sab.-sch., 9. 

24 65 

Utah.— Boise— Nampa sab.-sch., 5. Utah— Mt. Pleasant 
sab.-sch., 5.85; Odgen 1st sab.-sch., 2.55 ; Paysou sab.-sch., 
5.25. 18 65 

Washington.— Olympia — Cosmopolis, 3.26 ; Moutesano6 
1.50. 4 7e- 

Wiscox sis. —Milwaukee— Milwaukee Calvary, 25. WinnM 
bago— Fond du Lac, 6.30 ; Green Bay French, 1. 32 



178 



COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES — CHURCH ERECTION. 



[August, 



M ISCELL ANEOUS. 

Bush sab.-sch., Miun., 66 cts.; Harper sab.-sch., 
Wis., 86 cts.; Greenwood sab.-sch., Minn., 00 
cts.; Magee sab.-sch., Mich., 55 cts.; Sedgewick 
sab.-sch. , Ark., 94 cts.; Welcome Hill sab.-sch., 
Ark.. 50 cts.; sab.-sch., No. 14, Montrose 
county, Colo., 97 cts.; Mustang U. sab.-sch., 
Okla., 2.50 ; Eden sab.-sch., 111., 1.15 ; collection 
per E. M. Ellis, 6.18; Garrison sab.-sch., Mont,, 
3.04; Western U. sab.-sch., Wis., 4; Moxahala 
sab.-sch., O. , 1 ; collection per R. H. Rogers, 4 ; 
collection per Geo. Perry, 5 ; collection per W. J. 
Hughes, 4.65; collection per R. Ferguson, 3.60 ; 
collection per W. D. Reaugh, 1.31 ; collection per 
M. A. Stone, 35 cts.; collection per W. A. Yan- 
cey, 1.10 ; collection per E. M. Ellis, 20 cts.; col- 
lection per C. R. Lawson, 2.84 ; collection per C. 
W. Hiegins, 1; collection per R. Ferguson, 80 
cts.; collection per H. M. Henry, 75 cts.; collec- 
tion per M. S. Riddle, 5 ; collection per W. E. 
Voss, 52 cts.; collection per J. H. Barton, 31.10 ; 
collection per A. O. Loosley, 1.75 ; collection 
per C. B. Harvey, 2.88; Shinier sab.-sch., Iowa, 
8.50; Lorah sab.-sch., Iowa, 5; Gothenburg 
sab.-sch., Neb., 2 ; East Dows sab.-sch., Iowa, 1 ; 



collection per W. F. Grundy, 1 ; collection per 
A. < >. Loosley, 2.85; Religious Contributing 
Society, Princeton Theological Seminary, 9.43 ; 
collection per J. B. Currens, 1.25 ; collection per 
C. W. Higgins, 50 cts 



122 26 



INDIVIDUAL. 

Rev. A. Virtue, 1 ; "B.O.R.," 5 ; Mrs. H. J Baud 
Huey, 5; Mrs. H. A. Laughlin,25; "A Friend," 
Cleveland, O., 35 ; Rev. G. M. Hardy, 1 ; Mrs. G. 
M. Hardy, 1 ; Miss Margaret McPherson, 1 ; 
"C. Penna.," 1 75 00 

Contributions from churches 81,978 12 

Contributions from Sabbath-schools 307 27 

Contributions from individuals 75 00 

Contributions for May, 1898 $2,360 39 

Contributions previously reported 3 058 13 

Total since April 1, 1898 $5,418 52 

C. T. McMullin, Treasurer, 
Witherspoon Building, Philada., Pa. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF AID FOR COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES, JUNE, 1898. 

Atlantic— Atlantic— Mt. Pleasant, 1.35. McClelland— — Macalester Memorial, 2.25. Pittsburg — Pittsburg 3d, 50; 

Mt. Zion, 1. 2 35 —East Libeity, 24.52; — Knoxville, 10; —Shady Side, 

Baltimore.— A e«; Castle— Wilmington West, 24. Wash- 24.75. Wellsboro— Port Alleghany, 1.12. 444 06 

ington City— Washington City Covenant (sab.-sch., 8.06), Tennessee.— Holston— Greenville, 31.70; Oakland Heights, 

54.06. 78 06 2. 33 70 

Colorado. -Pueblo— Canon City (sab.-sch., 6), 16; Colo- Washington.— Oty»*.pm— Cosmopolis, 1.30 ; Montesano, 1. 

rado Springs 1st C.E., 7.67. 23 67 2 30 

Illinois.— Chicago — Chicago 6th, 67.37 ; Waukegan, 7.87. 

Freeporl— Prairie Dell, 5; Rockford 1st, 11.50. Peoria— Total received from churches and church organiza- 

Princeville, 12.28. 104 02 tions $1,375 91 

Indiana. — New Albany — Oak Grove, 50 cts. Vincennes — 

Sullivan, 5. White Water-m. Carmel, 2. 7 50 personals. 

Indian Territory.— Sequoyah— Kuyaka, 14.50. 14 50 William Blair, 20, Lucien G. Yoe, Chicago, 50 ; 

Iowa.— Iowa — Burlington ' 1st, 2.40. Waterloo — Salem, " C. Penna.," 3 ; " A member" Peechwood, Pa., 

7.02. • 9 42 ch.,28cts.; "Friends," Del Norte, Colo., 9.75; 

Kentucky.— Ebenezer— Newport, 5. 5 00 Rev. A. J. Montgomery, Oregon City, Ore., 2.50; 

Michigan.— Detroit — Detroit 1st, 50. 50 00 Henry Bean, Shelby, N.C., 1 ; "Friends," Omaha, 

Minnesota. — Winona— Le Roy, 11. 11 00 Neb., 2 ; Rev. Wm. Nicholl, Bellevue, Neb., 5 ; 

New Jersey.— Elizabeth — Clinton, 14. Morris and Or- Rev. C. E. Hamilton, Trapp City, Wis., 5 ; L.H. 

rm^e— Morristown 1st, 49.68. Newark— Newark 3d, 44.06 ; — Blakemore, Cincinnati, 15 ; Rev. E. H. Curtis, 

Park, 4.90. New Brunswick— Lambertville, 22; Princeton D.D., 5, Henry J. Willing, Chicago, 5000; Har- 

lst, 74.10 ; — Witherspoon Street, 1. 209 74 riet J. Baird Huey, Philadelphia, 5 ; Martin G. 

New York.— A Ibany— Gloversville Kingsboro Ave., 9. Bing- Post, Bayhead, Fla., 2; "A Friend," 5; Rev. 

/?,,»,frm— Lordville, 1. Boston — Springfield, 1. Brooklyn— Joseph Piatt, Davenport, la., 25 ; "A member" 

Brooklyn South 3d Street, 45.33. Cayuga— Ithaca 1st, 18.36. Beechwood, Pa., ch., 32 cts.; "Friends," Bis- 

lludsoi"— Chester, 15.05; Clarkstown German, 2. Nassau — marck, N.D. , 1.50 5,157 35 

freeport, 9.08 ; Huntington 1st, 5. Neiv York— New York 

Harlem, 39.30. Otsego— Springfield 1st, 3.49. St. Laurence— property fund. 

Watertown 1st, 72.61. Troy— Troy Westminster, 8.84. Ulica A Philadelphia Friend, 500 ; Y. P. S. C. E., Brown 

— Ctica Bethany, 4.58. Westchester— Yorktown, 12. 246 64 Memorial ch., Baltimore, 25; A Pittsburgh 

North Dakota.— 2^r#o— Casselton, 3.50. 3 50 Friend, 100 625 00 

Ohio.— Chillicothe— Chillicothe 1st, 25; White Oak, 4. 

Cleveland— Cleveland 1st sab.-sch., 12.31; New Lyme, 4. trust *unds. 

Mahoning— Canton Calvary, 5. Mar ion— Kingston, 1. Mau- Hasting College Endowment Fund by First Na- 

•z/iee— Antwerp, 1. St. C/airsville— Concord, 2. Steubenville tional Bank, Hastings, Neb 52 25 

—East Liverpool 1st, 25.65. 79 96 «-—»«*■. 

Oregon.— East Oregon— Union, 49 cts. Port/and— Port- interest. 

land 1st, 50. 50 49 Bank earnings on deposits 136 95 

Pennsylvania.— A llegheny— Bellevue, 7.06; Glenfield, 

7.24. Butler— Martinsbuig, 5.30; Millbrook, 1. Carlisle— Total receipts June. 1898 §7,347 46 

Harrisburg Elder Street, 2. Clarion— Mt. Pleasant, 1 ; New Previously acknowledged 5,976 32 

Rehoboth, 6 ; Richland, 1. Erie— Con neautville, 3.26 ; Erie 

Chestnut Street, 10; Garland, 1.80. Lackau-anna— Peck- Total receipts since April 16, 1898 813,323 78 

ville, 2 ; Scranton 1st, 202.66 ; Shickshinny, 1.25. Philadel- _, _ „ _ 

phia— Philadelphia Grace, 4; — Harper Memorial, 2.28 ; — ** L - KAY > Treasurer, 

Hope, 4 ; — South, 6 ; — Tabor, 63.57. Philadelphia North 30 Montauk Block, Chicago, 111. 



RECEIPTS FOR THE BOARD OF CHURCH ERECTION, JUNE, 1898. 

ft In accordance with terms of mortgage. 



Baltimore.— Baltimore — Baltimore Brown Memorial, 
78 99 ; Baltimore Westminster " M. C. D.," 5. New Castle— 
Rock, 2. Washington City — Washington City Covenant, 
18.97. 104 96 

California.— Oakland— Oakland Union Street, 3; West 
Berkeley, 1. Sacramento— Fall River Mills, 2.45. Santa 
Barbara— <>jai, 2.45. 8 90 

Colorado.— Boulder— Fort Morgan 1st, 74 cts. 74 

Illinois.— i^/oo7n///^o«—Bloomiugton 1st, 13; Selma,4.50. 
Chicago — Herscher, 2.60: Lake Forest, 163. Bock River— 
^Buffalo Prairie, 70 cts. Springfield— Springfield 1st, 12. 

195 80 



Indiana.— Crawfordsville—Pi.ockviUe Memorial, 1.98. In- 
dianapolis— Indianapolis Tabernacle, 29. White Water— Nt. 
Carmel, 1. 31 98 

Iowa. — Cedar Eupids — Cedar Rapids 1st, 63.93. Des 
Moines— Milo, 4.50; Winterset, 8.07. Dubuque— ft Dubuque 
1st, 50. Iowa — Burlingtonl st, 2.40. SiouxCity — Inwood, 4. 

132 90 

Kansas.— Highland— HortOD, 11.75. Lamed— Spearville, 



* The $9.65 credited to the "Alexis Church," Rock River 
Presbytery. Ills., in May receipts, should have been credited 
to Norwood Chinch, of same Presbytery. 



1898.] 



CHURCH ERECTION — MINISTERIAL RELIEF. 



179 



3.20. Solomon — Barnard, 2; Saltville, 1. Topeka— Kansas 
City Central, 3. 20 95 

Kentucky.— Ebenezer— Dayton, 4 ; Lexington 2d, 18.75. 
Louisville— Louisville 4th, 2.80. 25 55 

Michigan.— Detroit— Detroit Jefferson Avenue sab.-sch., 
25. Monroe— Adrian, 13. 38 00 

Minnesota. — Dululh — fj Otter Creek, 20. Mankato — 
Cottonwood, 2 ; Delhi, 4; Watonwan, 1.25. 27 25 

Missouri.— Kansas City— Kansas City 2d, 55.75. Platte— 
Marysville 1st, 11.55 67 30 

Montana.— //e/erw— Bozeman, 28. 28 00 

Nebraska.— Hastings— ^linden, 50 cts; Kea rney— Buffalo 
Grove, 4; Kearney 1st, 5. Nebraska City — Fairbury, 5. 

14 50 

New Jersey.— Elizabeth — Elizabeth Madison Avenue, 
3.27 ; Roselie, 4.95. Jersey City— Paterson East Side, 16. 
Monmouth— Mount Holly, 7.26 ; Oceanic, 5. Morris and Or- 
ange — Madison, 5.99 ; St. Cloud, 4.73. Neivark — Newark 2d, 
12.50; —Park, 4.90. New Bmnswick — Lambertville, 16; 
Trenton Bethany, 10; —Prospect Street (sab.-sch., 7.09), 
38.09. Newton— Beatyestown, 1 ; Harmony, 2.90 ; Mansfield 
2d, 1. West Jersey— Elmer, 2. 135 59 

New York.— A Ibany— Albany State Street, 20.59. Bing- 
hatnton — Lordville, 2. Boston — Springfield, 1. Brooklyn — 
Brooklyn 1st, 25. Buffalo— Allegany, 3. Cayuga— Ithaca, 
30.61. Champlain— Plattsburg 1st, 10. Genesee— Wyoming, 
2.71. Hudson— Florida, 2.40; Otisville, 3; West Town, 1. 
Long Island— Middletown, 5 ; Setauket, 2. New York — New 
York Central (sab.-sch., 33), 372.15 ; — East Harlem, 1. 
North River— Little Britain, 8.85 : Poughkeepsie 1st, 5.95. 
Otsego— Springfield, 2.95. Iroy—Troj Westminster, 8.84 ; 
Waterford 1st, 38.22. Utica— Utica Bethany, 2.50. West- 
chester— Katonah, 14.68. 560 50 

Ohio.— Bellefonlaine— Bucyrus, 6 ; Huntsville, 3 ; Upper 
Sandusky, 2. Chillicothe— White Oak, 4 ; Wilkesville, 5.50. 
Cleveland— Guilford, 4.45. Columbus — Columbus Westmin- 
ster. 7. Dayton— Greenville, 16. Mahoning — Lisbon 1st, 
13.50; Poland. f>.15. Marion — Marysville, 10.14. Ports- 
mouth— Portsmouth 1st, 23.76. Steuben ville— Potter Chapel 
sab.-sch., 5. Wooster— Wooster Westminster, 15.29. 121 79 

Oregon.— East Oregon— Union, 39 cts. Willamette— Sins- 
law, 1.25. 1 64 

Pennsylvania. —Allegheny— Allegheny 2d, 5 : Concord, 

2 ; Fairmcunt, 3 ; Freedom, 10 ; Glenfield, 7.65 ; Tarentum, 
6.52. B/airsville — Latrobe, 42. Chester — Wayne sab.-sch., 

3 64. Clarion — Beech Woods (a member), 60 cts.; Scotch 
Hill, 1. Erie— Warren, 55.98. Huntingdon— Bellefonte, 23. 
Kiltanning — Cherry Tree, 22 cts.; Slate Lick, 11.85; Union, 
2. Lackawanna — Puryea, 3; Harmony, 5; Troy, 9.75. 
Lehigh— Bethlehem 1st, 3.44; Mauch Chunk, 15.82; Pen 
Argyle, 1.64; Shawnee, 5.37. Parkersburg— Clarksburg, 3.70. 
Philadelphia — Philadelphia Calvary, 59.01 ; — Cohock- 
sink 1st, 18.06; — Peace German, 4. Philadelphia North 
— Germantown Market Square, 68.59 ; — Wakefield, 22.88 ; 
Lower Providence, 15; New Hope, 2.27; Thompson Memo- 
rial, 3.50. Pittsburgh — Idlewood Harthorne Avenue, 4 ; 
Mt. l'isgah, 11 ; Pittsburgh East Liberty, 24.52 ; — Shady 
Side (sab.-sch., 22.50), 44.47 ; Valley, 8.50. Bedstone— Reho- 
both, 9.34. Shenango- Little Beaver, 2.39; Slippery Bock, 
4; Westfield,2J. ' 545 71 

Texas.— Austin— Webster, 7. 7 00 

WASHINGTON. — O/ympia — ff- Cosmopolis, 100. Paget Sound 

— Auburn, 94 cts.; Fair Haven, 8.51 ; Moxie, 1 ; Natchez, 2; 

Barker, 1.50. Walla Walla— Lewiston, 2.50. 116 45 

Wisconsin.— Madison — Madison Christ, 23. Milwaukee— 



Milwaukee Immanuel, 9.73 ; Waukesha, 9.72. Winnebago— 
Fond du Lac, 3.60. 46 05 



Contributions from churches and Sabbath-schools. $2,234 51 

OTHER CONTRIBUTIONS. 

" C. Penna.," 4; Miss. R. T. W., 4.16 ; Mr. M. G. 
Post, Bay Head, Fla., 2; Rev. James Platte, 
Davenport, la., 25 35 16 

82,269 67 
MISCELLANEOUS. 

Premiums of insurance, 427.50 ; Interest on invest- 
ments, 232 ; Sales of church property, 350 ; Total 
losses, 800 ; Partial losses, 90 ; Legacies, 1273 3,172 50 

SPECIAL DONATIONS. 

"A Friend," 10. Indiana. — New Albany — J.J. 
Brown, 10. New York.— Hudson— Clarkstown, 
5. St. Laurence— Pottsdani, 17.85 42 85 

PAYMENTS ON CHURCH MORTGAGES. 

Illinois. — Bloomington — Sidney, 150. Ohio.— 
Lima— New Salem, 107.50 257 50 

85,742 52 

Church collections and other contributions, April 
11-June 30, 1898 $8,216 02 

Church collections and other contributions, April 
11-June 30, 1897 7,543 60 

LOAN FUND. 

Interest $299 04 

Payments on mortgages 290 00 

$589 01 

MANSE FUND. 

Installments on loans 81,033 78 

Interest 6 85 

$1,040 63 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

Premiums of insurance $15 50 

Partial losses 114 29 

$130 79 

SPECIAL DONATIONS. 

Iowa.— Des Moines— Des Moines Central, 50. $50 00 

CONTRIBUTIONS. 

Ohio.— Cleveland— Cleveland 1st (Gift of Mrs. F. 
S. Mather), 100 100 00 

$1,321 42 
If acknowledgement of any remittance is not found in 
these reports, or if they are inaccurate in any item, prompt 
advice should be sent to the Secretary of the Board, giving 
the number of the receipt held or, in the absence of a receipt, 
the dale, amount and form of remittance. 

Adam Campbell, Treasurer, 

156 Fifth Avenue, New York City. 



RECEIPTS FOR BOARD OF MINISTERIAL RELIEF, JUNE, 1898. 



Baltimore— Baltimore — BaltimoreWestminster (M.C.D.) 
5. NiewGastle — Rock, 10. Washington Cilu— Lewinsville, 6 ; 
Washington City Covenant (sab.-sch., 6.79), 111.79; — Gur- 
ley Memorial, 6.40. 139 19 

California.— Benicia— Grizzly Blult', 3. Oakland— West 
Perkeley, 1. Sacramento — Sacramento Westminster, 6.55. 

10 55 

Catawba. — Catawba— Nov Hampton Children's Society, 1. 

1 00 

Colorado.— Boulder— Boulder 1st (sab.-sch., 3), 24; Fort 
Morgan 1st, 74 cts. Pueblo— Canon City 1st (sab.-sch., 7) 19. 

43 74 

Illinois. — Bloomington — Bement 1st, 12.18; Bloomington 
1st, 15. Rock River — Buffalo Prairie, 1.70. Spiny/ehl — 
Springfield 1st. 12. * 40 88 

Indiana.— Crau'fordsri/le— Rockville Memorial, 1.98. In- 
dianapolis — Howesville, 1 ; Indianapolis Tabernacle, 32. 
Vincennes— Sullivan, 5. White Water— Shelby ville 1st, 49.35. 

89 33 

Indian Territory.— Oklahoma — Kdinoud, 2.60. 2 60 

Iowa. — Cedar Rapids — Clinton 1st, 70. Corn /«y — Mal- 
vern, 15.56. Dubuque — Dubuque 3d, 2. Iowa — Burlington 
1st, 2.40. Iowa C ity— Montezuma 1st, 2. 91 96 



Kansas.— Solomon— Cawker City, 4.58. Topeka— Junction 
City 1st (sab.-sch., 1.39), 17. G5. 22 23 

Michigan. — Kalamazoo — Niles 1st, 17.84. Monroe— Clay- 
ton, 2.72 ; Dover, 3.21. 23 77 

Minnesota.— 2>u/k*A— McNair Memorial sab.-sch., 2.15. 
Ma nka to— Jasper, 2 ; Pilot Grove, 4.10. Red River— Stephen, 
1. Winona— Oronoco, 2. 11 25 

New Jersey. — Elizabeth— Basking Ridge, 49.58 ; Roselie, 
4.94. Morris and Orange — Madison 1st, 105.99 ; Orange 
Central (C. E. Stone, 100), 300 ; Pleasant Dale, 5 ; Wyoming 
1st, 5. Newark — Caldwell 1st, 21.53 ; Newark 2d, 43.75; — 
Park, 7.35; — Roseville, 55.54. New Brunswick — Trenton 
Bethany, 11 ; — Prospect Street, 33. Newton— Beatyestown 
1st, 1; Bloomsbury 1st, 10; Mansfield 2d, 1. West Jersey— 
Atlantic City German (sab.-sch., 1.50), 9.50; Bunker Hill, 1. 

665 18 

New York.— Albany— Albany 2d, 40.99; — State Street, 
20.59. Binghamlou — Binghamtou Immanuel, 2.19; Lord- 
ville, 3 ; Waverly 1st, 18.15. Brookh/n— Brooklyn 1st, 108.63; 
— 5th German, 5; —Bay Ridge, 10.77; — South Third 
Street, 45.28 ; West New Brighton Calvary, 75 cts. Buffalo— 
Portville, 68. t 'ayuga — Ithaca 1st, 85.70. Geneva— Seneca 
Falls 1st, 55.78; West Fayette, 3. Hudson — Florida, 2.40; 



180 



MINISTERIAL RELIEF — FREEDMEN. 



[August, 1898. 



West Town, l. Lyons— WolcoU 1st, 7.09. New York— New 

York East Harlem, 1 ; — Faith, 11.73; —Park, 25; — Sea 
and Land, 10.su. North River— Marlborough, 41; Tough- 
keepsie 1st, 5.'.»4. Otsego — Springfield 1st, 2.04. Syracuse — 
Skaneateles, 4. Troy— Waterford 1st, 7.13. Utica— Forest , 
12.91 ; Utica Bethanv, 6.20. Westchester— Pleasantville, 2.75; 
Springfield 1st, 1 ; Stamford 1st, 10. 619 82 

North Dakota.— Pembina— Canton, 2.75; Crystal, 2.25. 

5 00 

Ohio. — ( 'hillicothe — White Oak, 4. Dayton — Ebenezer, 
3.24. St. Clairsville— Caldwell, 4 ; Sharon, 4. Zanesvitle— 
Brownsville, 11. 26 24 

Oregon.— East Oregon— Union, 38 cts. Portland— Oregon 
City KM. 1. Willamette— Liberty, 1. 2 38 

Pen ns y LV a n i a .—A I leg hen //— Glenfield , 8. 88. Blairsville— 
Irwin, 21.45; HcGinnis, 5.90. Chester — Chester 1st, 10; 
Darby Borough 1st sab.-sch., 10; "Wayne sab.-sch., 3.64. 
Clarion — Beech Woods (a member), 60 cts. Erie — Cam- 
bridge, 10; Erie Park, 27.31. Huntingdon — Middle Tusca- 
rora, 1. Kittanning— Cherry Tree, 22 cts.; Union, 2. Lacka- 
wanna — Franklin, 2 ; Nicholson, 5. Lehigh— Bethlehem 1st, 
6.88. Parkersburg— Buckhannon, 6.65. Philadelphia— Phila- 
delphia 3d, 54.32 ; — Cohocksink, 40 ; — Richmond, 10. 
Philadelphia North — Bridesburg J.C.E., 28. Pittsburg — 
Pittsburg East Liberty, 29.42 ; — Shady Side (sab.-sch., 22.50), 
44.48 Shenango — Unity, 12. Washington— Cross Creek, 25.06; 
Washington 3d, 7.30 West Union, 2. Westminster— Leacock , 
20.39. 394 50 

Tennessee. — £<';<('<m— Knoxvilie Belle Avenue, 2.65. 2 65 

Wisconsin. — Madison— Madison Christ, 27. Milwaukee— 
Milwaukee Immanuel, 10.94. Winnebago — Marshfield 1st, 
4.17. 42 11 



From churches and sabbath schools ?2,234 



individuals. 

Rev. F. C. Winn and wife, Japan, 5 ; W. H. Belden, 
Poughkeepsie, N.Y., 1 ; Rev. R. Arthur, Logan, 
Kans., 2; Martin G. Post, Bay Head, N. J., 2; 
Robert Wightman, Tokio, 111., 5 ; " Cash, T. and 



M," 20 ; " From a friend, Princeton, N. J.," 5 ; 
" From a friend, Chambersburg, Pa.," 10; Thank 
offering, Strasburg, Pa., 10; Pev. B.L. Agnew, D. 
U., Philadelphia, 35 ; Rev. and Mrs. B. C. Swan, 
Metropolis. 111., 10 ; Mrs. Sally P. Sharpe, Wilkes 
Barre, Pa., 200; Mrs. Anna W. Ludlow, Harts- 
horne, Ind. Ter., 5 ; Mrs. John Kidd, Blooniing- 
ton, 111., 3 ; Rev. Joseph Piatt, Davenpert, Iowa, 
25; "Friend," Philadelphia, 10; " L. P. S.," 
300; Mrs. J. A. Robbins, Hamilton Square, N. 
J., 5 ; Mrs. Jane Ray, Hamden Junction, O., 2 ; 
"C. Penna.," 6; " Miss R. T. W " 4.43; P. P. 
Bissett, St. Thomas, N. D., 5 ; " Valley Cottage." 
1 ; Mrs. Anna F. Raffensperger, Wooster, O., 5. 8676 43 

Interest from investments 5,458 88 

' ' on bank deposits 715 60 

" from R. Sherman Fund 200 00 

For current fund §9,285 29 

Unrestricted legacy from E. S. Gamble estate 500 00 

$9,785 29 

PERMANENT FUND. 

Donation from Rev. R. G. Keyes, Watertown, N. 

Y. (annuity) 1,000 00 

Donation from Cleveland 1st Church (Mrs. F. 

Mather) 500 00 



Total receipts in June, 



511,285 29 



Total for currrent fund (not including unrestricted 
legacies) since April 1, 1898 $23,330 82 

Total for current fund (not including unrestricted 
legacies) for same period last year 21,492 98 



William W. Heberton, Treasurer, 
507 Witherspoon Building, Philadelphia. 



RECEIPTS FOR BOARD OF FREED3IEN, MAY, 1898. 

Atlantic— McClelland— Mount Zion, 2. 2 00 Oxford, 25 cts. Mahon ing — Youngstown 1st, 35.74. Mau- 

Baltimore. — Baltimore — Baltimore Brown Memorial, mee— Toledo Collingwood Avenue, 23.01. 86 40 

54.45; Frost burgh, 3. New Castle— Wilmington West, 9. 66 45 Oregon. — East Oregon— Union, 49 cts. 49 

California.— -Befi/cm— Eureka, 3. Los Angeles— Banning, Pennsylvania. — Carlisle — McConnellsburg C. E., 2. 

3 ; Colton, 3.50 ; Glendale, 4.50 ; Monrovia, 19 ; San Gorgonia, Chester— Media, 15.78. Clarion— Beech Woods, 28 cts.; Mays- 

2.65. San Josi— Cayucas. 2.65 ; Los Gatos, 5. 43 30 ville. 3 ; Richardsville, 3 ; Richland, 1 ; Sugar Hill, 5. Erie — 

Catawba. — QipeEear—EbeuezeT sab.-sch., 1 ; Haymount, Garland, 1.80. Huntingdon — Birmingham Warriors Mark 

2 ; Panthersford, 2. Southern Virginia— Antioch, 2 ; Notto- Chapel, 13.50. Lackatvanna — Bennett, 3 ; Carbondale 1st, 

way Bethesda sab.-sch., 1.50. Yadkin— Hoffman An tioch, 1 ; 74.74 ; New Milford, 6.20. ZW^gr/*— Allentown 1st sab.-sch., 

St. 'Paul, 1 ; Cool Spring, 1. 11 50 19.29; Port Carbon, 14.66. Philadelphia— Philadelphia 9th, 

Colorado.— Pueblo— Trinidad 1st, 4. 4 00 43 ; — 10th, 278.01 ; — Grace, 4 ; — Harper Memorial, 4.37; 

Illinois.— Bloominglon— Farmer City, 1. Chicago — Chica- — Hollond C.E., 10; — Hope, 14; — Scots, 9.93. Philadel- 

go 2d, 334.72; — 4th, 50 ; — Englewood 1st, 24.32 ;— Wood- phia North — Germantown West Side, 34.82; Macalester 

lawn Park sab.-sch., 10. Freeport— Prairie Dell German, 5. Memorial, 2. Pittsburg — Pittsburg 1st, 10; — Bellefield, 

Peoria — Knoxville, 2. Rock River — Garden Plain, 5.20. 100 ; — East Liberty, 78.45 ; — Point Breeze, 38.26 ; — Shady 

Schuyler — Monmouth, 12.96. 445 20 Side, 61.88; Sharon, 15.92. Shenango— New Castle 1st, 5. 

Indian a. — Fort Wayne— Ligonier, 10.85. Logansport— Westminster— York Calvary, 22.50. 895 39 

Logansport Broadway, 5. 15 85 South Dakota. — Central Dakota — Endeavor C.E. and 

Indian Territory.— C/<oc/au>— Oak Hill sab.-sch., 1. 100 sab.-sch., 1. Dakota — Buffalo Lake, 1 ; Crow Creek, 1.66 ; 

Iowa. —Iowa — Burlington 1st, 2.40. Sioux City — Elliott Hill, 1 ; White River, 1; Yankton Agency, 4. Southern 

Creek, 1; Schaller sab.-sch., 1.90. 5 30 Dakota— Hope Chapel, 1. 10 66 

Kansas.— JBmporia— Osage City, 4.35. Solomon— Herring- Washington. — Alaska — Fort Wrangell 1st, 3 ; — 2d, 2. 

ton, 77 cts. 5 12 Olympia— Cosmopolis, 1.20 ; Montesano, 1. 7 20 

Kentucky.— Louisville— < iwensboro 1st, 10. 10 00 Wisconsin.— Chippewa— Ellsworth, 2.25 ; Hagar City, 2.91 ; 

Michigan.— Z>e*/w7— Pontiac 1st, 46.45. Lake Superior— Hartland, 2.43. Madison— Prairie du Sac sab.-sch., 90 cts. 

Manistique Redeemer, 5. 51 45 Winnebago— Appleton Memorial, 14. 22 49 

Minnesota.— Manhito— Jasper, 3. Minneapolis— Minne- 

apolis 5th, 1.95. St. Paul— St Paul Central, 9.02. 13 97 Receipts from churches during May, 1898 §2,699 32 

BiiSSOURl.-^ar*-Spriiigfield 2d sab.-sch., 2. Palmyra . miscellaneous. 
— Unionville, 3. o 00 

Montana.— Helena— Manhattan 1st Holland, 1. 100 Miss Olivia E. P.Stokes, New York, 60 ; Estate of Rev. 

Nebraska.— Nebraska City— Beatrice 2d, 3. 3 00 Francis V. Warren, North East, Pa., 75 ; Rev. F. H. Kroe- 

New Jersey.— Morris and Orange— Orange Central, 100; sche and wife, btaceyville, Iowa, 5; Sale of property at 

Whippany 1st, 1. Newark— Newark 2d C.E., 40; — Park, Caddo, I.T., 300; Rev. Albert B. King, New York, 5; H. 

7.04. New Brunswick — Pennington 1st, 12.75; Princeton J- Baird-Huey, Philadelphia, Pa., 5; "M. M. M.," 18; 

Witherspoon Street, 2. Newton — Belvidere 1st sab.-sch., Estate of Joel Hall, Sr., Berlin, O., 200; Mrs. A. H. Kel- 

17.04; Delaware, 6. West Jersey— Bridgeton West, 20; Ham- logg, Barrington, 111., 10; Religious Contribution Society, 

monton, 2.50. 208 33 Princeton Seminary, N. J., 15.72 ; H. L. J., New Brighton, 

New York. — Boston — Lowell, 5. Brooklyn — Brooklyn N. Y., 15; "A Cup of Cold AVater," from Turin, N. Y., 

Classon Avenue, 68.85; — Duryea, 42; —Greene Avenue, 5; W. Z. Morrison, Pittsburg, Pa., 40 ; Tuition from Not- 

10 23. Geneva — Seneca, 16.26. Hudson — Clarkstown Ger- toway School, Ya., per Miss Thompson, 10.50 ; " C. Penna.," 

man, 2; Greenbush, 10.20. Lyons— Huron, 3. New York— 8 ; Rev. H. T. Scholl, East Coming, N. Y., 1.50. S773 72 

New York Bethany, 114;- Brick, 458.73; —Central, 73.71; Woman's Board 11149 

— Mount Tabor, 5; Woodstock, 7. St. Lawrence— Chau- 

mont, 3 ; Sackett's Harbor, 5.10. Swacuse— Canastota 1st, Total receipts during May, 1898 $3584 53 

15. Troy— Salem 1st, 5.67; Trov Westminster, 8.97. West- " " to June 1, 1898 7786 15 

^..^• — Yonkers 1st sab.-sch., 24.50. 778 22 " " " " " 1897 6398 75 

North Dakota.— Pembina— Park River, 6. 6 00 — - 

Ohio.— Bellefontaine— Bellefontaiue 1st, 2.82. Cleveland— John J. Beacom, Treas., 

Cleveland 1st sab.-sch., 18.89 ; — Boulevard, 3.69. Dayton— 516 Market St., Pittsburg, Pa. 



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Officer and Ageijcieg of the Efeneflil A^emblj. 



CLERKS; 



Stated Clerk and Treasurer— Rev. William IT. Roberts, D.D., 
LL.D. All correspondence on the general business of 
the Assembly should be addressed to the Stated Clerk, 
No. 13H» Walnut street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Permanent CUrh— Rev. William E. Moore, D.D., LL.D., 
Columbus, Ohio. 



TRUSTEES. 



President— George Junkin, Esq., LL.D. 
Treasurer— Frank K. Hippie, 1340 Chestnut Street. 
Recording Secretary— Jacob Wilson. 

Office— Witherspoon Building, No. 1319 Walnut Street 
Philadelphia, Pa. 



BOARDS. 



I. Home Missions, Sustentation. 

Secretary— Rev. Charles L. Thompson, D.D. 

Treasurer— Mr. Harvey C. Olin. 

Superintendent of Schools— Rev. Georee F. McAfee. 

Secretary of Young People' s Department— Miss M. Katharine Jones. 

Office— Presbyterian Building, No. 156 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. Address all mail, Box 156 
Madison Square Branch. 

Letters relating to missionary appointments and other operations of the Board, and applications for aid 
from churches, should be addressed to the Secretary. 

Letters relating to the financial aifairs of the Board, or those containing remittances of money, should be 
addressed to the Treasurer. 

Applications of teachers and letters relating to the School Department should be addressed to the Superin- 
tendent of Schools. 

Correspondence of Young People's Societies and matters relating thereto should be addressed to the Secre- 
tai~y of the Young People's Department. 

a. Foreign Missions. 

Corresponding Secretaries— Rev. Frank F. Ellinwood, D.D., LL.D. ; Rev. John Gillespie, D.D. ; Mr. Robert E. Speer 

and Rev. Arthur J. Brown, D.D. 
Treasurer— Charles W. Hand. 
Secretary Emeritus— Rev. John C. Lowrie, D.D. 
Field Secretary— Rev. Thomas Marshall, D.D., 48 McCormick Block, Chicago, HI. 

Office— Presbyterian Building, No. 156 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y. 

Letters relating to the missions or other operations of the Board should be addressed to the Secretaries. 

Letters relating to the pecuniary affairs of the Board, or containing remittance/' f money, should be sent 
to Charles W. Hand, Treasurer. 

Certificates of honorary membership are given on receipt of $30, and of honorary directorship on receipt 
of $100. 

Persons sending packages for shipment to missionaries should state the contents and value. There are no 
fcpecified days for shipping goods. Send packages to the Presbyterian Building as soon as they are ready. Ad- 
dress the Treasurer of the Board of Foreign Missions. 

The postage on letters to all our mission stations, except those in Mexico, is 5 cents for each half ounce or 
fraction thereof. Mexico, 2 cents for each half ounce. 

3. Education. 

Corresponding Secretary— Rev. Edward B. Hodge, D.D. Treasurer— Jacob Wilson. 
Office— Witherspoon Building, No. 1319 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

4. Publication and Sabbath=schooI Work. 

Secretary— Rev. Elijah R. Craven, D.D., LL.D. 

Superintendent of Sabbath-school and Missionary Work— Rev. James A. W'orden, D.D. 
Editorial Superintendent— Rev. J. R. Miller, D.D. Business Superintendent— John H. Scribner. 
Manufacturer— Henry F. Scheetz. Treasurer— Rev. C. T. McMullin. 

Office— Witherspoon Building, No. 1319 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Letters relative to the general interests of the Board, also all manuscripts offered for publication and com- 
munications relative thereto, excepting those for Sabbath-school Library books and the periodicals, should be 
addressed to the Rev. E. R. Craven, D.D., Secretary. 

Presbyterial Sabbath-school reports, letters relating to Sabbath-school and Missionary work, to grants of 
the Board's publications, to the appointment of Sabbath-school missionaries, and all communications of mis- 
sionaries, to the Superintendent of Sabbath-school and Missionary Work. 

All manuscripts for Sabbath-school books, the Westminster Teacher and the other periodicals, and all 
letters concerning the same, to the Editorial Superintendent. 

Business correspondence and orders for books and periodicals, except from Sabbath-school missionaries, to 
John H. Scribner, Business Superintendent. 

Remittances of money and contributions, to the Rev. C T. McMullin, Treasurer. 

5. Church Erection. 

Corresponding Secretary— Rev. Erskine N. W T hite, D.D. Treasurer— Adam CampbelL 
Office— Presbyterian Building, No. 156 Fifth, Avenue, New York, N. Y. 



THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY'S COMMITTEE, 

Witherspoon Building, Philadelphia, Pa. 
JOHN S. MACINTOSH, D.D., Chairman, 



Charles A. Dickey, D.D., 
Warner Van Norden, Esq. 
Hon. Robert N. Willson, 



John H. Dey, Esq., Secretary, Charles L. Thompson, D.D. 

Stealy B. Rossiter, D.D., Frank F. Ellin wood, D.D., 

Henry T. McEwen, D.D., William C. Roberts, D.D. 
Stephen W. Dana, D.D., 



EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENTS. 



Charles L. Thompson, D.D., 
F. F Ellinwood, D.D., LL.D , 
Edward B. Hodge, D.D., 
Elijah R. Craven, D.D., LLD , 



Erskine N. White, D.D., 
Benj. L. Agnew, D.D., 
Edward P. Cowan, D.D., 
E. C. Ray, D.D. 



[Each of these Editorial Correspondents is appointed by the Board of which he is a Secretary, and is responsible 
for what is found iu the pages representing the work of that Board. See list of Officers and Agencies of the General 
Assembly on the last two pages of each number.] 



Contents. 



188 
189 

190 



191 
199 
202 
203 
203 

204 



Current Events and the Kingdom, . . .185 

Editorial Notes, 186 

The Bible a Missionary Agency, Rev J. H. 
/Shakespeare, 

Oriental Missionaries, F F Ellinwood, D.D., 

Four Successive Missionary Crusades, W. A, 
P. Martin, D.D. , 

The Twentieth-century Movement in Pres- 
byterian Sabbath-schools (seven illustra- 
tions), Edward T. Bromfield, D D., . 

FOREIGN MISSIONS.- Notes, 

Ira M. Condit, D D. (with poi trait), 

Jonathan Wilson, D D. (with portrait), . 

A Buddhist's Salvation by Faith, 

A Notable Brahman Convert (with portrait of 
Rev. Golak Nath), .... 

A True Worshiper of the Unknown God, E.P. 
Dunlap, D.D., 206 

Illustrations of Missionary Educational Work, 

201, 205-208 

Concert of Prayer— Topic for September, Mis- 
sionary Educational Work, .... 

Letters— Syria, H. H. Jessup, D.D; China, 
Hunter Corbett, D.D.; Laos, Rev J. 8. 
Thomas, 

EDUCATION.— The Unique Importance of 
the Ministry (portrait of Rev. Charles G. 
Finney)— Religion at State Universities- 
Some Characteristics of Certain Seminaries, 

CHURCH ERECTION.— An Important De- 
cision, 220 

COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES.— An Expe- 
rience, 223 



209 



214 



217 



PUBLICATION AND SABBATH-SCHOOL 

WORK.— Announcement — The Message 
of the Closing Century— Notes, . . .224 

MINISTERIAL RELIEF. — Closely Relati d 
to God— The Grand Work to be Done, . 227 

FREEDMEN. — Items-Getting Rid of the 
Load— Looks Easy— Black Man's Plea— 
Synodical Contributions, .... 229 

HOME MISSIONS. — " The Patriotic Offer- 
ing "—Notes, 231 

The Church and the Country, D J McMillan, 

D.D., 233' 

The Fourth of July Among the Nez Perces, 

Thomas M. Gunn, 285 

Concert of Prayer, Topic for September, . 236 

Conditions on the Field, 236 

The Church and Missions, Lyman Whitney 

Allen, D.D , 237 

Letters 240 

Appointments, 243 

YOUNG PEOPLE'S CHRISTIAN ENDEA- 
VOR.— Notes— Christian Endeavor Con- 
vention in China, Lavina M. Rollestone — 
The Board of Publication and Sabbath- 
school Work (seven illustrations)— Read- 
ings from New Books— Christian Training 
Course, Outline D — Presbyterian En- 
deavorers— Questions for the Missionary 
Meeting— With the Magazines— Book No- 
tices, 245-263 

Receipts, . 264 



THE CHURCH 

AT HOME AND ABROAD, 



SEPTEMBER, 1898. 



CURRENT EVENTS AND THE KINGDOM. 



Missions and Statesmanship. — At a 

Christian Endeavor rally for the discussion 
of " Missions as Imperative upon our 
Statesmanship," the Rev. J. Cumming 
Smith developed these points: " Missionary 
work is the leaven which is raising the 
people of non- Christian lands to a higher 
plane of intelligence and self-respect. In 
the promotion of these qualities among 
nations whose cheap labor imperils our 
industries, lies the solution of the tariff and 
immigration questions." The vast im- 
portance of this aggressive effort certainly 
justifies the appeal which the American 
Board makes to the young people : ' ' Read, 
as you do the news and politics of the day, 
the story of the fields where the Lord is 
making, through mission workers, the 
world's future." 

The Progress of the Kingdom. — The 

Rev. H. P. Carson, D. D., synodical super- 
intendent of home missions in South Da- 
kota, who has been much interested in that 
study of current events recommended by 
The Church at Home and Abroad, 
writes as follows to the young readers of this 
magazine: " Current events most assuredly 
have to do with the kingdom of Christ. It 
is very desirable that as we read of and 
contemplate them, we apply to them the 
principles of his kingdom. In them often 
is plainly seen the unfolding of his plans, 
the operation of the leaven of his truth. 
Certainly to them we should apply the tests 
of these principles. Our present war is for 
the progress of that civilization that is 
eminently Christian. May it not be that 
all Christian nations will hereafter make a 
broader application of these principles ? 
Shall Christianity sit idly by and yet be in 



touch with barbarous infliction of oppres- 
sion and open practice of such tyranny as 
prevents humanity from realizing the high 
end it was made to reach ?" 

Changing Attitude of the Hindus. — 

There are the most convincing signs that the 
temper of the Hindus toward Christianity 
is changing. Said Dr. E. E. Strong before 
the National Congregational Council : " The 
bitter hostility is giving way to respect, and 
ears and hearts are open that only of late 
could be reached. Witness that remark- 
able gift by wealthy Hindus in Madura — 
one of them a priest of a pagan temple — of 
a hospital, the whole fine building being 
given to the mission of the American Board 
with the full understanding that it is to be 
a Christian hospital, with daily preaching 
of the gospel." 

The Serious Work of the World. — 

" Now that the pastime of war is over," 
said a Prussian drill-master at the conclusion 
of the Franco-German War, " we will 
return to the serious business of life, which 
is — drilling." The war with Spain, now 
so happily ended, has been no pastime; it 
was entered upon as a solemn responsibility. 
Nor shall we bend our energies to the task 
of making ready for another war, though a 
valuable lesson about readiness for an emer- 
gency has been well learned. The events of 
the past few months, controlled by Almighty 
God, have opened a new door of oppor- 
tunity. Ours is a sacred mission of freedom 
and progress, as Ambassador Hay pointed 
out at a banquet in the Mansion House, 
London. We are charged with duties 
toward others that we cannot evade. 
Henceforth we must bear a larger part in 
" the serious work of the world." Mr. 

185 



186 



CURRENT EVENTS AND THE KINGDOM. 



[September, 



Henry Norman, of the London Chronicle, 
after a careful study of popular sentiment 
in this country, expresses the opinion that 
the old America, obedient to the traditions 
and founders of the republic, is passing 
away, and a new America, alert, armed for 
a wider influence in the arena of the world- 
struggle, is taking its place. And Dr. 
John H. Barrows, in his Amherst baccalau- 
reate, expressed the confidence that Ameri- 
can manhood would be strong enough for 
the new expansion of our national oppor- 
tunity and obligation, for that ampler sphere 
of national influence upon which we are 
already entering. 

Christian Work in the Army. — It is 

reported that forty per cent, of the soldiers 
in camp regularly visit the tents of the 
Young Men's Christian Association, and 
Gen. Beaver testifies that the work of the 
Association is more comprehensive and 
effective than that done by the Christian 
Commission during the Civil War. Mr. 
W. T. Ellis writes in The Independent that 
no literature is so popular as the Bible, the 
demand for which at first far exceeded the 
supply. It was a common sight to see 
men during idle hours reading the Bible 
with deep interest. 

Gambling Prohibited in New Jersey. 

— The Supreme Court of New Jersey has 
ruled that the amendment to the Constitu- 
tion of the State prohibiting gambling was 
adopted by the popular vote taken in Sep- 
tember, 1897. 

The New Outlook in China.— That 

new missionary journal, Signs of Progress 
in China, calling attention to the change of 
attitude toward everything Western, men- 
tions some of the commercial, social, educa- 
tional and religious signs of a progressive 
movement, as follows : 

New industries — silk and cotton — are 
springing up so rapidly in Shanghai that 
contractors cannot build sufficient houses to 
meet the demand, and rents have gone up 
sixty to one hundred per cent, during the 
last three years. Chinese merchants who 
despised English education before pay $8 
per month for the education of their sons 
in English. The barrow gives way to the 
bicycle, and the sedan chair to the carriage 
and pair, and the spinning wheel fades away 
before the maze of innumerable spindles. 



There is a most remarkable anti-foot - 
binding movement. Over one hundred 
million of the Chinese women have their 
feet bound very small, making them 
deformed for life. The missionaries have 
for many years opposed this cruel custom. 
Of late non-missionary Europeans, led by 
Mrs. Little of Chung King, and non-Chris- 
tian Chinese have adopted this social 
reform. Many sign a pledge not to bind 
their own daughters' feet, nor to marry 
their sons to those who have small feet. The 
register now contains 7000 names. 

The establishment in Shanghai of a col- 
lege on the same lines as that at Tientsin, 
for the study of English and Western 
learning. In December last a number of 
native gentry in Shanghai decided to open 
a Chinese Ladies' School, where they were 
to encourage the unbinding of the feet and 
study English. Signs of progress are seen 
in imperial encouragement to Western 
learning. 

On the 6 th day of the first moon this 
year, an Imperial Edict was issued, putting 
the study of Western learning for the first 
time on a par with the study of Chinese lit- 
erature as a condition for obtaining degrees. 
To a nation that has not materially changed 
its subjects of study for a thousand years, 
this innovation is itself revolutionary and 
is of the most momentous consequences, 
not only to China, but to the progress of 
the human race. Evidently the spirit of 
God is moving among the dry bones. 

The Rev. Griffith John and other mis- 
sionaries in the Yangtse Valley report that 
there never was such a spirit of inquiry in 
regard to Christianity as is manifested 
now. The same is reported by the China 
Inland Mission, the Church Missionary 
Society, the Methodists, the Presbyteri- 
ans, the Baptists, as well as the Congrega- 
tional Missions. If the present interest 
continues, there is no reason to doubt that 
each mission may be soon able to report 
their converts by the thousands. Formerly 
officials indulged themselves in producing 
the infamous Hunan anti- Christian litera- 
ture ; now the governor of Hunan has lately 
issued one of the finest proclamations in 
favor of Christianity ever issued in China, 
and another mandarin, who has not yet been 
baptized, called with the manuscript of a 
book of twenty chapters written by him in 
defense of the Christian religion. 



1898.] 



EDITORIAL NOTES. 



187 



Dean Farrar, in his address at the 
dedication of Wesley's house, said the want 
of the Christian Church to-day is unity, 
not uniformity, a holy freedom for all, not 
the hard tyranny of ecclesiastical dictation. 
The Church of England he regards as only 
part of the great Church of Christ against 
which the gates of hell shall not prevail. 



The first house of worship in Cincinnati 
was erected in 1792 by the First Presby- 
terian Church, says the Herald and Presby- 
ter. It was constructed of boat plank and 
clapboards and rested on posts or blocks of 
wood. The present First Church stands 
upon part of the same lot, which has been 
continuously occupied by the same congre- 
gation to this day. 



In an earnest appeal for the payment of 
the debt of the Home Board, the Presbyte- 
rian Banner says: Home Missions is a 
mighty arm with which we sow the land 
with the seeds of pure patriotism. Every 
church is a disseminator of it, every sermon 
preaches it, every true Christian lives it. 
Plant your dollars in home missions and 
they will grow up in patriots that will love 
their country as Christian citizens and make 
it an honor among the nations of the earth. 



Dr. Ellinwood's reference on page 190 
to the reputation as a beef- eater which Vive- 
kananda won while in the United States 
recalls a recent address delivered by Dr. 
J. H. Barrows, who described a recep- 
tion given him by a Hindu Club in 
Madras, at which many shrewd lawyers 
asked carefully prepared questions regard- 
ing Christianity and Hinduism. After 
he had spoken of the debasing forms 
of idolatry everywhere prevalent, and a 
young lawyer had replied that the idol was a 
symbol of a god, and brought the divine 
nearer, Dr. Barrows said: "Is it not de- 
basing for a human being to crawl through 
indescribable filth to kiss the tail of a cow, 
as I have seen them do in a temple at 
Benares ?" The lawyer instantly arose and 
said : ' ' It is much better to kiss the tail of 
a cow than to kill the cow and eat her." 
Although Dr. Barrows knew there were 
men before him who professed to regard the 
cow as a sacred animal, and yet ate beef on 
the sly, he did not mention that fact, but 



said: " The eating of cow's flesh is not 
confined to Christians. After the first ses- 
sion of the Parliament of Religions in 
Chicago, I invited the Swami Vivekananda 
and other Oriental gentlemen to dine with 
me at a restaurant. ' What shall I give 
you to eat V said I to Vivekananda, and 
he replied, ' Give me beef.' " The story 
produced a profound impression, and there 
were no further questions in that direction. 

The small colleges, says James Bryce in 
his "American Commonwealth," get hold 
of a multitude of poor men, who might 
never resort to a distant place of education. 
They set learning in a visible form, plain, 
indeed, and humble, but dignified even in 
her humility, before the eyes of a rustic 
people in whom the love of knowledge, 
naturally strong, might never break from 
the bud into the flower but for the care of 

some zealous gardener They light 

up in many a country town what is at first 
only a farthing rushlight, but may finally 
throw its rays over the whole State in 
which it stands. In some of these small 
Western colleges one finds to-day men of 
great abilities and great attainments; one 
finds students who are receiving an educa- 
tion as thorough, though not always as wide, 
as the best Eastern Universities can give. 
One who recalls the history of the West 
during the past fifty years, and bears in 
mind the tremendous rush of ability and 
energy toward a purely material develop- 
ment which has marked its people, will feel 
that this uncontrolled freedom of teaching, 
this multiplication of small institutions, have 
done for the country a work which a few 
State-regulated universities might have 
failed to do. 



At the Woman's Homeland Prayer Meet- 
ing in Chicago recently, mention was made 
of towns in southern Illinois without a 
church, and of one town of 250 people 
without a Christian in it, in which one who 
is not a Christian is trying to carry on a 
Sunday-school. A Chicago lady gave a 
vivid account of work undertaken by her 
husband and herself in this region during 
their summer vacation. Soon after their 
arrival they began a house-to-house visita- 
tion, and in the poor quarters of the town 
found a deplorable condition, the people 



188 



THE BIBLE A MISSIONARY AGENCY. 



[September, 



knowing nothing of the Bible, or of Jesus 
as their Saviour. Inquiring of a woman if 
she thought they would like to have a 
Sunday-school there, she replied, {t Oh, do 
you love us enough to have one here ?' ' 
She opened her small house for the purpose 
and notified her neighbors. Mothers came 
eagerly with their children, and, as the 
summer drew to a close, desired that the 
work might be continued, as it had been 
such a revelation to them. 



" The best time to teach a State as well 
as a child is in its infancy," said the Rev. 
Asa Turner, who had settled in Denmark, 
la., in 1838. This cry for help led eleven 
young men of the class of 1843 to organize 



the " Andover Band." They attracted as 
much attention, it has been said, as a like 
party would if on their way to Central 
Africa. One of their number has recently 
said: " To most people Iowa was then an 
unknown land; an intelligent lady, who 
knew of missions as chiefly relating to for- 
eign lands, asked if it was one of the Sand- 
wich Islands!" These eleven men had 
then, as we now know, at least four hundred 
and forty years of good work in them, or 
an average of forty years each; and nearly 
all that work was to be given to the young 
commonwealth which was not born into 
the Union until three years after their 
coming. — J. Irving Manett, in the New 
England Magazine. 



THE BIBLE A MISSIONARY AGENCY. 

[Address by Rev. J. H. Shakespeare before the British and Foreign Bible Society.] 



In the early part of the seventeenth cen- 
tury, a preacher of some note, named 
Rogers, preached a very striking sermon in 
London, in which, by a daring flight of 
imagination, he represented God as with- 
drawing the Bible from the world. The 
punishment of human indifference to the 
word was greater than man could bear. 
The preacher pictured men flung suddenly 
off the rock of truth into the tumbling sea 
of speculation, living and dying in Egyp- 
tian darkness, no divine voice breaking the 
intense stillness of the unseen. Dr. Thomas 
Goodwin heard that sermon, and he went 
out and wept for a quarter of an hour, with 
the reins hanging loosely upon his horse's 
neck, before he could proceed upon his 
journey. Now, in one sense, the Bible is 
the commonest of all books. No longer 
chained to the pulpit of a parish church, it 
is translated into hundreds of languages 
and dialects, and circulated in copies which 
are past counting. In another sense it is 
the one sacred book — God's precious gift to 

mankind Wherever this book goes 

it is proved to be the book of God, because 
it is charged with divine power. Wherever 
the Bible goes it carries with it the spirit of a 
new life. In every nationality it creates one 
type, the man in Christ Jesus. Give it time 
and circulate it freely in those ancient lands 
where superstitions prevail, and it will 
regenerate every part of their life. Let it 
flow like life-blood through their veins, and 



it will cleanse them from their foul diseases, 
and it will deliver them from their moral 
impotence. Its noble thoughts will inspire 
a new and splendid native literature. Its 
matchless scenes will strip heathen temples 
of their lewd representations, and make art 
the minister of a holy religion. It will put 
a new song into the mouth of those that sit 
in darkness, so that every shore shall 
resound with the praise of Christ. The 
Bible is the great missionary agency. The 
story of this society is one long witnessing 
to its triumphant power. When the great 
missionary, Dr. Duff, first went out to 
India, the ship in which he sailed was 
totally wrecked on a reef of rocks, and he 
was cast upon a small and desolate island. 
All the 800 volumes he had taken with 
him, representing every department of 
human learning, were swallowed by the 
raging waves. But one book was cast on 
the open beach in the morning — a large 
copy of Bagster's Bible. This was his 
outfit when he reached India; this was his 
weapon against the powers of darkness. 
" Blessed be God," he wrote, " I can say 
they are gone without a murmur. So perish 
all earthly things." He went to India 
determined, like St. Paul at Corinth, to 
know nothing but Christ and him crucified. 
Let the missionary take the Bible and it 
is enough. Nay, he goes where it cannot 
enter. It speaks where he must be silent. 
It stays when he departs, and it works on 



1898.] 



ORIENTAL MISSIONARIES. 



189 



when his work is done. He cannot tell 
what miracle may be wrought by a stray 
leaf borne away in the wind. In 1841 the 
missionaries were compelled to leave Mon- 
golia, but before they went they had trans- 
lated the New Testament into the native 
tongue. For twenty-eight years those living 
embers burned on. Among that benighted 
people the Scriptures survived, and when 
Gilmour went to Mongolia he found, in 
dim forests and rocky fastnesses and mud 
hovels and out-of-the-way places, the word 
of God, " which liveth and abideth for- 
ever." The circulation of the Scriptures is 
the hope of the world. The Englishman 



can never convert the millions of heathen- 
dom. It must be the Bible missionary 
going to every man in his own tongue. The 
report speaks of Japan. That wonderful 
country, with its brave and enlightened 
people, holds something like the same posi- 
tion in the East to-day which England held 
in the West in the sixteenth century, with 
its far-seeing and statesman -like rulers, 
with its welcome to every modern invention, 
with everything except a religion. The 
future of Japan depends upon whether it 
gets Christianity. If it does not get Chris- 
tianity this flash of power and civilization 
will be evanescent. 



ORIENTAL MISSIONARIES. 

F. F. ELLIN WOOD, D.D. 



Within the last five years at least five 
conspicuous missionaries of Oriental systems 
have appeared before the American public. 
The general disposition of Americans to 
welcome whatever is novel and especially if 
coming from a distance and wearing a 
strange costume, has secured to these gen- 
tlemen a curious if not an earnest hearing. 

The first of the five announced himself 
five or six years ago as Baron Harden 
Hickey, a self-appointed emissary of 
Buddhism. In the New York World and 
the New York Herald he published ex- 
tended articles, in one case with pictorial 
illustrations, designed to prove that the 
history of Christ was borrowed from the 
earlier biography of Guatama. Consid- 
erable sensation was created, and the public 
expected much more; but Baron Hickey 
having obtained the hand of an heiress, his 
Buddhist mission suddenly collapsed. He 
has quite recently committed suicide in 
Texas. 

Tbe next in order was Mohammed 
Webb, as he chose to call himself. It was 
reported that he had interested some wealthy 
Mohammedans of Bombay in an effort for 
the wide spread of Islam in America, and 
that they had contributed $12,000 for his 
support as a missionary. But another 
adventurer, having learned the source of 
his good fortune, became a rival and resorted 
to desperate measures to secure a share in 
the spoils. He challenged public attention 
by a muezzin call to prayer from a third - 
story window in Union Square. But his 
bold tactics failing to secure any part of the 



Bombay fund, he is said to have made such 
damaging representations at headquarters as 
to cut short Webb's supplies, and the quar- 
rel ended in the common ruin of the rival 
schemes. 

As an episode, Webb had appeared at the 
Chicago Parliament of Religions, with an 
elaborate defense of the Koran, and had 
had the distinction of being the only man 
who was hissed by the audience. 

At the close of the Parliament, Virchand 
Gandhi appeared before the public as a 
representative of the Jains, an ancient sect 
in India, now well-nigh extinct. He had 
comparatively little to say of the Jains, but 
devoted his time principally to the short- 
comings of Christianity and Christian mis- 
sions. The Jains were originally a sect 
whom some suppose to have been a branch 
of the Buddhists, though lacking their 
aggressiveness and their brilliant conquests. 
Gandhi revealed the impress of an Anglo- 
Indian education ; and the study of Western 
agnosticism, rather than any flavor of the 
ascetic rigors and childish cosmogonies of 
the ancient Jains, appears in all his utter- 
ances. His chief attack on Christianity 
was published in one of our popular maga- 
zines, and was ably answered by a layman 
who happened to know something of India 
and of the work of Christian missions. 

But of all these Oriental emissaries, 
Swami Vivekananda has certainly made the 
most extensive canvass of credulous Amer- 
ica. Being gifted with facility in English 
speech, and not too scrupulous in the use of 
boundless assertion, true or false, he has 



190 



FOUR SUCCESSIVE MISSIONARY CRUSADZS. 



[September, 



found ready access not only to small lecture 
halls, but to the parlors of many wealthy 
people where he has discoursed principally 
to audiences of ladies. For two or three 
years he had what he seems to have regarded 
as a thoroughly good time. He claimed to 
represent Hinduism, which in its principles 
is nothing if it is not ascetic, and which 
regards cattle as among the most sacred of 
living things. Nevertheless the good Swami 
won an embarrassing reputation as a beef 
eater, while in America, which unhappy 
circumstance has reached the ears of his 
fellow-countrymen in India. Still upon 
his return to India large audiences listened 
to his "marvelous assertions and were almost 
prepared to believe that the Western con- 
tinents were waiting to sit at the feet of the 
Eastern sages. His statements were so 
preposterous that the editor of the Christian 
Literature Society of India sent letters to 
various prominent persons in this country, 
inquiring as to the truth or falsity of his 
allegations, some of which were as follows: 

" The great Sri Rama Krishna to-day is wor- 
shiped literally by thousands in Europe and 
America, and to-morrow will be worshiped by 
thousands more. Before ten years elapse the vast 
majority of the English people will be Vedantists. 
I have turned the tide of Yedanta which is flooding 
the world (the Vedanta is Indian Pantheism). In 
the United States scarcely is there a happy home ; 
there may be some, but the number of unhappy 
marriages is so large that it passes all description. 
Scarcely could I go to a meeting or a society, but I 
found that three-quarters of the women present had 
turned out their husbands and children. It is so 
here, there and everywhere." 

Those American women who gave him 
hospitality will know how to value this high 
compliment. 

Among the replies which the Christian 
Literature Society received from this country 
were the following : 



President Angell, of Michigan University: 
" The question which you ask about the 
possibility of Americans adopting Hinduism 
strikes every one in this country as simply 
preposterous. ' ' 

Dr. Boardman, of Philadelphia : " If the 
Swami has made any converts at all they 
have gone from the ranks of theosophists, 
or from people of a restless and adjustable 
unbelief. ' ' 

President Elliot, of Harvard: " The 
Swami' s statements are absolutely without 
foundation. I have never heard of a single 
convert from Christianity." 

Judge Grosscup, of Chicago: " I have 
learned of but one who had devoted herself 
to Hinduism, and I think the Christian 
Church will not suffer from her departure." 

Archbishop Ireland: " I know America 
well, and I have never known of a follower 
of this gentleman or his doctrines. ' ' 

(Exit Vivekananda!) 

The last Oriental missionary to this coun- 
try deserves more respectful consideration. 
This is the Buddhist monk, Dharmapala of 
Ceylon. He is still comparatively young. 
He was once a pupil in a Christian mission 
school, and he has been frank enough to say 
that had he not had an altercation with his 
teacher he might now be a Christian 
preacher. At the Chicago Parliament, 
where he discussed Buddhist ethics, he 
made a good impression. He appears sin- 
cere, and has had considerable influence 
with " American Buddhists." A few 
months since he consecrated a young lady 
in Brooklyn as a missionary of his faith. 
On leaving this country Mr. Dharmapala 
visited Paris, where as a part of the pro- 
grame of a congress of religions he held 
a service which was attended by a large and 
heterogeneous audience and was of a very 
unique but unedifying character. Every 
worshiper held a chrysanthemum. 



FOUR SUCCESSIVE MISSIONARY CRUSADES. 



In the seventh century, 01 open, a Nesto- 
rian monk from Syria, with a number of 
companions, made his way across the desert, 
and presented the "twenty-seven books" 
of the New Testament at the imperial court. 
The strangers were well received by the 
emperor, and especially patronized by his 
prime minister. Monasteries were built for 



them in many of the chief cities, and their 
churches multiplied to such an extent that 
in repairing one of them at Singanfu, the 
western capital, they thought it worth while 
to engrave on stone a history of their suc- 
cess. But was it success ? Gradually the 
ebb and flow of ages have effaced every 
trace of their existence — save that solitary 



1898.] ALLIANCE 8PIRIT AMONG MISSIONARIES — TWENTIETH -CENTURY MOVEMENT. 191 



stone. Its inscription is surmounted by a 
cross and bears for title, " A Record of the 
Spread of the Christian Faith in China." 
It stands, however, in the court of a Buddh- 
ist monastery. 

Six centuries later, the first Roman Cath- 
olic missionary, John de Monte Corvino, 
and his successors, arrived in Peking. 
Coming by land through the deserts of 
Central Asia, they were too inaccessible to 
be properly sustained. At that epoch, 
moreover, Europa had not emerged from 
the gloom of the dark ages. No permanent 
impression was made, and three centuries 
elapsed before the Church of Rome renewed 
the attempt. 

When Father Ricci and his companions 
arrived in 1582— the vanguard of a noble 
army — the conditions were greatly altered. 
They came by sea, and were not wholly 
cut off from succor, though navigation then 



was so imperfect and so dangerous that two 
years were required for the round trip, and 
of the first six hun-ired who embarked it is 
asserted that no more than two hundred 
lived to reach their destination. 

The fourth crusade, now in its full career, 
may be considered as beginning with the 
signing of treaties at the close of the first 
war with England. 

May not a glance at the previous attacks 
on that stronghold, and the causes of their 
failure, encourage us to hope for better suc- 
cess in these last days ? 

Three crusades were waged for the pos- 
session of an empty sepulchre; and to the 
disgrace of Christendom, then and now, 
they left it in the hands of the Moslem. 
Three crusades have been waged for 
the conversion of China. — Dr. W. A. 
P Martin, in ' 'Baptist Missionary Maga- 
zine." 



THE ALLIANCE SPIRIT AMONG MISSIONARIES. 



Mrs. Isabella Bird Bishop said at the 
Cambridge Conference of the Evangelical 
Alliance: "I have traveled for seven and a 
half years in Asia, and have visited 170 mis- 
sion stations, and everywhere, in Central 
Asia, China, Persia, Arabia, I have met with 
the Alliance spirit, with work for the good of 
man, carried out in faithful obedience to 
the last command of our Lord, while the 
workers have been holding ' one Lord, one 
faith, one baptism, one hope of their call- 
ing,' and one hope of eternal life. I have 
found them meeting together for prayer and 
Scripture reading, in all the mission stations, 
loving each other as brethren, holding their 
own denominational views, many of them 
very strongly, but these denominational 
riewa never, except in one particular case, 
interfering with that bond of brotherhood in 
w T hich all were working for the welfare of 



mankind. It was instructive to see this 
bond of brotherhood, so marked that one 
never knew to what church or society these 
devoted men and women belonged. All 
met together in love and harmony, seeking 
the same aims and loving the same Lord. 
This observance of the unity of the spirit in 
the bond of peace was communicated by these 
workers to their converts. One of the bright- 
est features among the Christian con- 
verts and perhaps especially in China was 
this spirit of unity. There was no 
saying, ' I am of Paul ' and 'I am of 
Apollos;' all said, ' I am of Christ,' and 
they helped each other. The missionary 
bond and the missionary brotherhood are 
two of the brightest examples of keeping 
that unity of the spirit in the bond of peace 
which the Alliance for these fifty years has 
been striving to promote." 



THE TWENTIETH-CENTURY MOVEMENT IN 
PRESBYTERIAN SABBATH-SCHOOLS. 



EDWARD T. BROMFIELD, D.D. 



The character of this Movement is now 
generally understood throughout our 
Church. It is a special and organized effort 
by Sabbath-school workers to bring in by 
the opening of the new century a substantial 



addition to its Sabbath- school membership. 
The particular proposition is to raise the 
membership by April 1, 1901, to about a 
million and a half — an increase of about half 
a million over the membership of 1897. 



192 



THE TWENTIETH-CENTURY MOVEMENT. 



[September, 



The new century begins — not with the year 
1900 A.D., as some people thoughtlessly 
suppose — but with the year 1901 A.D. 
The statistics of Presbyterian Sabbath- 
schools are made up to the first day of April 
in each year. We thus get the date for the 
final reckoning of the results of the Move- 
ment. 

There is nothing to prevent the Twen- 
tieth-century Movement, as an organized 
plan of Sabbath- school extension, being 
carried forward — if such should be the mind 
of the Church — into succeeding years. 
There is no reason why the work should 
stop on April 1, 1901. The only difference 
is that it would then become a general 
movement instead of a special movement; 
or, if continued as a special movement, other 
dates and conditions would have to be 
assigned to it. The Twentieth-century 
Movement, as now before the Church, is 
designed as an offering to the Lord at a par- 
ticular time — the opening of the century. 
Whatever is done to aid this particular 
Movement must therefore be done before 
April 1, 1901. What is done subse- 
quently toward bringing in new scholars 
may be well done ; but it will not be in the 
nature of an offering to the Lord at the 
opening of the century. The time limit is 
thus an interesting feature, and is calcu- 




Dubree Chapel, W. Va. 



lated to arrest attention and stimulate action. 
The Presbyterian Church, of course, has no 
monopoly of the words used to describe this 
Movement. Other Churches may and, it is 
to be hoped, will follow our example and 
even improve upon it. Other enterprises 
may adopt the phraseology. But it is open 
to remark that the Presbyterian Church 
was first in the field, with an organized 
movement under this designation for the 
glory of Christ and the well-being of man- 
kind. 

THE MOVEMENT AN ACCEPTED FACT. 

This Movement may now be said to stand 
before the Church as an accepted fact. A 
year ago it had not been heard of; now it is 
a subject of general discussion. True, it 
has not set off with a rush. It is not of a 
nature to stir up excitement. It appeals to 
the sober faculties. It demands self-sacri- 
ficing work. But it holds public attention. 
When once the mind and heart grasp its 
import they are moved in their deepest 
depths. The opportunity given at the 
turning of the century for a special offering 
to Christ — the touching, appealing character 
of the offering proposed — the thought of 
the vast needs of humanity and the blessed- 
ness of a pure gospel — the claims of child- 
hood — these considerations, joined with 
personal feelings as to duties neglected or 
put aside, the constraining love of Christ, 
the desire to do His bidding — are all in- 
tensely powerful and this Movement is 
of a nature to awaken them all. It 
appeals to the spiritual in man. It unlocks 
tender memories of the past. It brings 
visions of one's own childhood before us. 
After all that is so well said about the mis- 
sion of the Sabbath- school to adults, the 
first thought is of the child. To bring 
children to Jesus! The mother nature in 
us all responds. The thought abides and 
expands and becomes a force. That is why 
this Twentieth-century Movement is to-day 
an accepted fact in the Church. 

WHAT IT DOE3 AND DOES NOT MEAN. 

It is not a Movement for raising money — 
though money will be freely expended in it. 
It is not a Movement for remedying a griev- 
ance or exploiting some new invention. It 
is not a Movement for advancing some new 
theory. It does not come into rivalry with 



1898.] 



THE TWENTIETH-CENTURY MOVEMENT. 



193 



any work or enterprise of the Church. 
On the other hand, it holds out a helping 
hand to all good enterprises, and to such it 
has in it the promise of substantial aid. 
Who can doubt that a rapid gain in Sab- 
bath-school membership means also increased 
church membership — increased attendance 
at church services — increased activity in 
every branch of church work — increased 
money offerings — increased vitality in every 
way? All this seems so self-evident that 



ate opinion and counsel. He might reason- 
ably have expected some diversity of view. 
There was none. Then came the considera- 
tion of the subject by the Committee of the 
Department and by the Board. It passed 
this ordeal. Then its presentation for 
discussion in the Church papers, to the 
synods and presbyteries, and finally to the 
General Assembly. Not a word of opposi- 
tion, or even of criticism. Nothing but 
friendly conviction and strong approving 




Illustrations of Sabbath-school Missions. 



it would be a waste of time to stop and 
reason it out. 

UNANIMITY OF OPINION. 

There is a singular unanimity of opinion 
in the Church regarding the Movement. 
Of opposition or antagonism there is none. 
It is about twelve months since Dr. James 
A. Worden, the Superintendent of the 
Sabbath-school and Missionary department 
of our Board of Publication, addressed a 
circular letter to some three hundred repre- 
sentative men in the Church, informing them 
of his scheme and asking for their deliber- 



action. It is possible that some persons 
may have had their doubts, but if so they 
did not give public expression to them. 
Some may have thought the principle of the 
thing good enough, but questioned the 
probability of bringing in so many new 
scholars. A steady addition of a little over 
ten per cent, per annum from 1897 
would bring the Sabbath-school membership 
in 1901 to a million and a half, but never 
has there been in any recent year anything 
like a net gain of ten per cent. The 
highest rate in the past twenty- five years 
was in 1874, when the records of the 



194 



THE TWENTIETH-CENTUSY MOVEMENT. 



[September, 




Paralta Presbyterian Church, Iowa. 
Glen Cove Chapel, W. Va. 



1898.] 



THE TWENTIETH-CENTURY MOVEMENT. 



195 




D wight Mission, Indian 



Old House. 



Church showed an in- 
crease in Sabbath- 
school membership of 
a trifle over seven 
per cent, over the 
year preceding. The 
average rate for the 
past ten years has been 
less than four per 
cent. The step from 
four per cent, to ten 
per cent, is a long 
one. Still it is not in 
itself beyond reason 
in an organized and general movement in 
which great emphasis is laid on the fact that 
the true scope of Sabbath -school member- 
ship embraces adults as well as children. 
Further, it is argued that the very effort to 
reach a high standard will draw forth the 
energies of Sabbath-school workers in a 
marked degree, and that the result, even 
should it fall short of the aim, cannot be 
otherwise than good. Earnest work along 
the lines of this Movement can never be 
thrown away. It is not so much, after all, a 
question of bringing in a particular number 
of members as of putting forth our best 
energies with that end in view. This 
being done, it is quite probable that the 
results may even exceed the anticipations of 
the leaders. Doubtless it was in this 
spirit that a man so exceptionally far-seeing 
and practical as John Wanamaker said: 
" Make the aim a million while you are 
about it." 

But whatever views may have been held 
by individuals as to the appropriate aim in 
figures, there has been no apparent differ- 
ence of opinion — no criticism even — as to 
the Movement itself. This is remarkable 



and of itself goes far toward sug- 
gesting another question, namely : 

18 THE MOVEMENT OF GOD? 

So far as the history of the Move- 
ment goes, there is no difficulty in 
tracing its origin. The facts are 
sufficiently stated in the preceding 
paragraphs. A profounder question is 
whether the Movement be of God, and 
the claim of its promoters is that this 
question must 
undoubtedly be 
answered in the 
affirmative. 

Dr. Wor- 
den states that 
the suggestion 
came into his 
mind distinct- 
ly and to his 
clear conviction 
as a special an- 
swer to special 
prayer. There is 
nothing in itself 
p r e s u m ptuous 
in such a claim. 
It is in full 
accord with the principles and teachings 
of Scripture and of human experience in 
the Church of God. If it is our privilege 
and duty to pray for special gifts and bless- 
ings, it is equally our privilege and duty to 
expect that God will communicate those 
gifts and blessings to us in his own time and 
manner. " Every good gift and every 
perfect gift is from above." Surely the gift 
of spiritual discernment in our life-work — 
whatever that lifework may be — is included 
in this singularly comprehensive statement. 
To judge as to the goodness and perfectness 
of a suggestion coming into the mind after 
prayer one needs the gift of spiritual dis- 
cernment, and this will work through the 
ordinary faculties. A lying spirit will be 
known by those who, in dependence upon 
God, exercise their ordinary faculties of rea- 
soning, judgment and common sense. The 
history of the Church is full of cases to the 
point. No intelligent person will claim 
that God has moved him to a particular 
course except in the most reverent spirit 
and on sufficient evidence as to facts. 
Where the work in hand, or contemplated, 
is godlike in its nature, where the means to 



Territory. 

Present House. 



196 



THE TWENTIETH-CENTURY MOVEMENT. 



[September, 



be employed are Scriptural, where the heart 
of the Church responds, the conviction may 
be humbly entertained that the thought 
came from God, especially when its entrance 
into the miud of the human originator was 
preceded by prayer. In this way every 
great missionary purpose and movement 
in the Church has had its birth. 

If after a calm study of the nature of 
this particular Movement the conviction 
comes to us that whatever be its human 
history, it is in its nature and purpose of 
God, then the duty of the believer is plain. 
He must not only tacitly assent to it and 
refrain from opposition, but he must work 
for it as he has opportunity — God and his 
own conscience being judges. 

RELATION TO SABBATH-SCHOOL MISSIONS. 

We must look further back than last 
year for the causes which have gradually 
led on to this Movement. God has been 
working these many years in the Presby- 
terian Church toward a union of hearts and 
hands for the cause of childhood and the 
development of the Sabbath-school. In 
searching back along the historic pathway 
of the Presbyterian Church in America, the 
historian is struck by the interest ever mani- 
fested in missionary work for children. Not 
alone the training of the children of the 
Church, but the spiritual welfare of neg- 
lected children in all parts of the land — 
this was the strong purpose of the fathers 
and brethren of the Church from the earli- 




Reed's Sabbath-school, South Carolina. 



est beginnings in America. Long before 
the Church through her Board of Publica- 
tion organized a Sabbath-school Department, 
her colporteurs were traversing frontier 
regions, establishing Sabbath- schools and 
supplying them with the means of instruc- 
tion. It is a beautiful picture this — the 
Church by its devoted colporteurs going into 
the regions of mountain, forest and prairie 
in search of children and gathering them as 
lambs into Christ's fold. 

After the organization of the Sabbath- 
school Department by the Board of Publica- 
tion in 1871, the work of the colporteurs was 
continued under separate superintendence 
until 1887, when it was made a part of the 
Sabbath- school Work and the title of the 
consolidated department became " The 
Department of Sabbath-school and Mission- 
ary Work." 

Our Church has, therefore, for many 
years, been carrying on a movement for the 
extension of Sabbath-schools and the in- 
crease of their membership. And it is this 
movement which it is now sought to intensify 
and stimulate by the consideration and 
motive of a special offering to the Lord at 
the dawn of the new century. 

DAYS OF CELEBRATION. 

Every year, in June and again in Sep- 
tember, on Children's Day and on Rallying 
Day, this missionary spirit dominates the 
Sabbath- school. On Children's Day the 
heart of the Church goes out to the chil- 
dren of the spirit- 
ually neglected, 
far-off regions 
of our land. On 
Rallying Day 
its hands are 
stretched forth to 
bring in the neg- 
lected chil dren 
around the home 
churches — the 
children that are 
nigh. And the 
influence of these 
two days lasts 
through the en- 
tire year. Both 
stand for the in- 
gathering of out- 
siders into the 
Sabbath-school. 



1898.] 



THE TWENTIETH-CENTURY MOVEMENT. 



197 




I 






Nor are they 
mere days of 
display and jubi- 
lation. The mis- 
sionary spirit 
finds expression 
in offerings 
which support 
Sabbath-school 
missionaries o n 
the field, and in 
consecrated and 
organi zed effort 
for recruiting the 
ranks of the ex- 
isting schools by 
timely and tact- 
ful visitation and 
canvassing. 

All this is the 
direct outgrowth 

of the zeal and devotion of men who years 
ago laid the foundation of the missionary and 
educational departments of Sabbath-school 
work in our Church. If they are permitted 
to look down from heaven and see the 
glorious superstructure which their descen- 
dants have been permitted to raise upon the 
foundations laid by them when the Church 
was as yet very few in numbers and of no 
great wealth — verily, they would rejoice and 
give thanks to God. 

But for this work, which for more than 
fifty years has been steadily pushed forward 
in our Church, it is probable that the 
Twentieth -century Movement would never 
have been conceived or planned. Thus the 
links of divine Providence form a chain 
which stretches from generation to genera- 
tion, and the triumphant work of to-day is 
indebted to causes lying far back in history. 

18 THERE ANY DANGER? 

Is there any danger of this Twentieth- 
century Movement falling through ? No. 
The Church of Christ is always responsive 
to appeals based on the considerations which 
underlie this movement. But there is a 
danger that many individual churches and 
Sabbath-schools and very many individual 
professors may, through a spirit of inert- 
ness, exclusiveness, or indifference, with- 
hold their hands and practically say, "Am 
I my brother's keeper ?" 

There are, perhaps, some large, prosper- 
ous churches which do not feel the need of 



IAJ 



Hope of Goodwill Sabbath-school, South Carolina. 



adding to their membership either in the 
church or the Sabbath- school. They are 
full already. They raise large contributions 
to the Boards of the Church. They support 
one or two missions. The appeal of the 
Twentieth-century Movement, they say, is 
for others, not for them. Is this so ? Can 
a point be ever reached where the duty and 
privilege of " going out" and " bringing 
in " become as a dead letter ? 

Doubtless there are also many churches 
where zeal and piety are at a low ebb and 
where the sound of this Twentieth-century 
appeal will fall on ears that are dull of 
hearing. 

Yes, there is danger, but the danger is 
not to the movement, but to those who 
shrink from the tasks which it imposes on 
them, although those tasks will bring the 
joy of the Lord to all who undertake them 
in his name. 

THE CHURCH AWAKENING. 

The Twentieth-century Movement is the 
calling back of the Church from its pursuit 
of mammon — its awakening from dreams of 
aesthetic ease and vain content to the clear, 
hard, healthy work of rescuing souls and 
bodies from the captivity of the devil. 
This is, after all, the real mission of the 
Church. Christ did not say, Go into all 
the world and build cathedrals, but, " Go 
into all the world and preach the gospel to 
every creature." 

At the bottom of this Movement is the 
idea of personal service for the Master. 



198 



THE 1WENTILTH-CEMURY MOVEMENT. 



[September, 



We are not only to send, but we are to go. 
There is certainly a personal service possible 
to every one, and this Movement points .out 
one kind of service which almost all can 
perform. 

Christ's redemptive purpose working 
through human agency is opposed to that 
fashionable fatalism which would let evil 
alone because of its seeming impregnability. 

The Church deals with such mighty issues 
as "lost" and "saved." It does not 
stop to define the mystery of these words of 
awful sublimity. Its mission is to seek and 
to save. The Twentieth-century Move- 
ment fastens the thought of the Church 
upon this great purpose. It addresses the 
Sabbath-school, but the Church must also 
answer. As the voice of God in this Move- 
ment finds its way through the land, it will 
set myriads of hearts throbbing and stir up 
countless communities to action. Quiet, 
self-complacent churches which have grown 
humdrum and somnolent in a false Calvin- 
ism will feel, as it were, the breath of a 
strong north wind, and will brace themselves 
to new resolves and doings. 

Here and there people will look at each 
other inquiringly — What is this all about? 
Is there to be a new society or a new 
Board with its treasurer and secretary, and 
its never-ending deficit? Nothing of the 
kind. It is the Spirit of God moving 
upon the face of the waters. It is the pro- 
phetic voice that at sundry times and in 
divers manners has brought God's claims 
to the consciences of men — now from the 
cloud of Sinai — now in the wilderness of 
Judea. It is the voice of Jesus calling, 
" Son, go work to-day in my vineyard." 



THE PREDOMINATING IDEA. 

Locally and from a strictly Presbyterian 
standpoint, definite aini3 will be given to this 
Movement according to the prevailing needs 
of the community. In some cases the can- 
vass will be chiefly directed toward the 
increase of the primary and intermediate 
departments of the school; in some, to the 
gathering in and retaining of young men 
and women ; in others, to the organization 
and increase of adult and home classes for 
the middle-aged and elderly as well as those 
who are unable or unwilling to attend the 
meetings of the school proper. But as the 
work goes on, the one predominating idea 
will be the spiritual benefit of the young — 
the missionary work of the Sabbath-school 
among children and youth. The energies 
of the Church must be put forth to supply 
what the State is unable to give — positive 
religious instruction not only to the children 
born within the fold, but also to the chil- 
dren of the stranger that is within our gates 
— children whose parents have no church 
affiliation and are living in absolute neglect 
of the spiritual interests of their offspring. 

As a natural consequence the predomi- 
nating thought of the Church, as the new 
century opens, will be toward childhood. 
From myriads of centres multitudes of de- 
voted people will start out every week in 
quest of children — to bring them to Jesus. 
Of all the sacred scenes in the life of Christ 
that in which he took a little child and set 
him in the midst of the disciples will be 
most deeply graven on the heart of His 
people. And this is right. Fidelity to 
childhood is the surest test of an advancing 
civilization and a consecrated Church. 




FOREIGN MISSIONS. 



NOTES. 

Progress in the Transvaal. 

Spiritual revival and advance appear to 
attend the progress of advancing civilization 
in the Transvaal. The Swiss Romandi 
Mission is greatly prosperous, and the 
conversion of a Transvaal chief has had a 
great influence upon the people, many of 
whom have followed his example. 

Missionary Zeal in Uganda. 

The Missionary Review of the World 
informs us that of the converts in Uganda 
one out of every five communicants has 
begun to proclaim the word of God to the 
heathen. The natives are not encouraged 
to adopt European habits, as the missionaries 
believe in the formation of a strong native 
Church. 

Religious Liberty in Madagascar. 

A gratifying fact is currently reported 
that Captain Durand, a governing French 
official in Madagascar, keeps his word faith- 
fully, and that the greatest civil and relig- 
ious freedom is accorded to all. People cau 
be Roman Catholics, Protestants or heathen, 
just as they like, without any interference 
by the authorities. Why cannot the same 
freedom be given in all French possessions 
in the East ? 

An Advance. 

That there is only one missionary to the 
heathen and Mohammedan for every 5000 of 
our communicants, and that not more than 
four per cent, of the clergy have given them- 
selves to this work, is surely a sufficient 
answer to those who complain that the call 
for service abroad is in danger of creating 
neglect of the so-called heathen at home. 
It is an advance in the realization of per- 
sonal duty. At the present moment there 
is before the committee a list of the most 
urgent vacancies in the Society's missions. 
At the lowest computation there are needed 
(taking men only) thirty-seven ordained 
men, ten doctors, sixteen other laymen. 
To meet these needs the number of those 
who have offered themselves, have been 
accepted by the committee, and are ready 
to go forth this year, are nineteen clergy, 
two doctors, nine other laymen. Of these 
several owe their missionary interest and 



call to the remarkable movement among 
students, of which Mr. Mott gave so graphic 
a description. If the advance which has 
already laid hold of so many of our young 
men and women were to spread through our 
churches, it would soon fill the gaps abroad, 
undermanned stations would have their full 
complement, and the tide would flow 
quickly to lands as yet untrodden by the 
evangelist. — Church Missionary Intelli- 
gencer, June, 1898. 

Threefold in Seven Years. 

The following is from an address delivered 
at the ninety-ninth anniversary of the 
Church Missionary Society by the Rev. J. 
C. Hoare, principal of Ningpo Divinity 
College: " Go back fifty or sixty years, 
which was practically the beginning of 
missionary work in China — certainly by the 
Church of England. You will find there 
has been steady progress ever since. But 
during the last ten years there has been a 
remarkable acceleration in the progress. I 
was looking at a paper the other day by 
Mr. Hudson Taylor, who gave the following 
statistics. He said that in 1889 there were 
30,000 communicants of Protestant denom- 
inations in China, and that in 1896 there 
were 89,600. That is to say, that in the 
seven years the number of communicants 
had been practically exactly trebled. Now, 
that is a very remarkable rate of progress. I 
have not the figures on which he relied at 
my command. But I will just take our 
own work in our own mission. The Church 
Missionary Society in Mid-China has made 
a remarkable advance. In our Mid -China 
Mission I have seen our native Church 
considerably more than doubled in seven 
years, and in the last ten years the Church 
in the Fuhkien Mission has been doubled 
also." 

Bible Study in Korea. 

A form of missionary work has been 
adopted at our Pyeng Yang Station, Korea, 
under the name of " Study Classes " — that 
is, getting together the most earnest Chris- 
tians in the different localities, and holding 
a number of sessions with them, for the 
purpose of instruction. They are taught in 
all things relating to the Christian life, the 
truths of the Bible, the duties of professors, 

199 



200 



NOTES. 



[September, 



means of cultivating spiritual life, etc., 
etc. These instructions are commingled 
with prayer and conference. 

A recent letter from Mr. Whittemore 
speaks of various meetings of this kind, 
one of which was a meeting held by Mr. 
Lee at an outstation where a class of 
thirty-five were assembled. 

It had also been decided to hold a Bible 
study class in May for women from the 
country, " provided the expense could be 
met entirely by the native church/' These 
gatherings are perhaps our nearest approach 
to Methodist class meeting methods, and 
their usefulness cannot be doubted. Native 
Christians in a mission field like Korea must 
be regarded as children for some time to 
come, and must receive the constant nurture 
and care which childhood demands. It is 
this element of continuance — " line upon 
line, precept upon precept," with prayer 
and spiritual fervor — that gives such re- 
markable success to Methodist missions in 
various lands. 

The Doshisha. 

There are evidences gathered from differ- 
ent sources that the trustees of the once 
Christian university in Japan, the Doshisha, 
are meeting with serious disappointment of 
their hopes and expectations. The Doshisha 
under present auspices is not likely to be- 
come another great Japanese university like 
that of Tokyo. Instead of booming for- 
ward it shows evidences of decline. Instead 
of meeting a warm welcome for its new 
regime and its questionable ethics, it is 
antagonized by some of the best minds in 
Japan. The difficulty with the directors of 
the Doshisha seems to have grown out of 
the low ethical standards of the Buddhist 
and the Shinto faith, in neither of which 
is there a clear recognition of a present, 
omniscient, omnipotent and righteous God 
against whose will it is impossible for cor- 
porations and national governments as well 
as for individuals to prosper. The fact 
that hundreds of thousands of dollars had 
been contributed for this institution on the 
sole ground of its Christian character and 
aims is as hard to extinguish as was Ban- 
quo 1 s ghost, and, however obtuse personal 
conscience or national conscience may be 
on such a subject, educated Japanese have 
discernment enough to see that in the fellow- 
ship of nations and by common standards 



of equity, and moral right, spoliation and 
robbery cannot be countenanced. The 
world will recognize the debt of gratitude 
which the trustees and friends of the 
Doshisha owe and must continue to owe to 
the American missionaries and the thou- 
sands of their supporters. And it will not 
forget that their only aim was to help forward 
the intellectual enlightenment and moral 
elevation of the people of Japan. The 
virtual perfidy of confiscating a Christian 
university, founded under such circum- 
stances, and blotting out not only the Chris- 
tian faith, but the whole moral basis on 
which it was established, will stand out 
against Japan as conspicuously as if written 
in dark characters on the snow-white brow 
of Fujyama. 

Work of the Rhenish Society. 

The Rhenish Missionary Society in south- 
west Africa has had a prosperous year. 
The statistics for Cape Colony show 315 
souls baptized and 525 persons under 
special instruction. Even of some Hotten- 
tot communities, it is said, " Never before 
has there appeared so keen a desire to 
pray." 

Amongst the Bergdamras and the Namas 
of Walfisch Bay and Franzfoutein. the 
same happy advance is visible, the former 
tribe counting 113 baptisms for the year 
1896-7. To operations in Ovampoland, 
which is worked by the Finland agents, 
the same observation is applicable. The 
total number of the Society's baptisms for 
the year, including children, has risen to 
1453. The communities have therefore 
increased to 23,706 souls. The difficulty is 
that doubt is thrown over these statistics by 
including baptized infants. 

Atrocities of the Slave Trade. 

" The terrible acts of cruelty perpetrated 
upon prisoners and slaves in Morocco," 
says the Church Missionary Intelligencer, 
" are reasons potent in themselves, were all 
others lacking, for the intervention of a 
strong and righteous hand in the govern- 
ment of this distracted country. It cannot 
be denied that, except in the town of Saffi, 
where, in spite of the sultan's decree, the 
public barter of flesh and blood is still main- 
tained, all overt sales are forbidden in coast 
towns inhabited by Europeans; but this 
trifling restriction leaves the general situa- 
tion untouched. Revolting stories of the 



1898.] 



NOTES. 



201 



cruelties practiced upon the unfortunate 
colored races in Morocco are continually 
reaching, and remaining unnoticed by, 
civilized Europe. Equally painful are the 
details of the systematic atrocities endured 
by the helpless victims of the sultan's raids. 
Truly this Mohammedan potentate rivals 
his mid- African brothers in savagery." 

The Basel Missionary Society. 

It is the one story of all mission fields! 
Get away from the coasts and the coast 
cities and carry the gospel to the interior, 
if you expect fruit from missionary labor. 
They will receive Christianity who have not 
learned to hate the ?>iwrepresentatives of 
Christian nations. The following from the 
Church Missionary Intelligencer shows that 
West Africa is no exception to the rule: 

" Despite the high mortality in the Basel 
missionary ranks on the west coast of 
Africa during the year 1897, a rich harvest 
has been vouchsafed from the various inland 



provinces. The old complaint of indiffer- 
ence still, however, holds good in the coast 
districts, these being naturally the most 
hampered of all evangelistic fields. Farther 
up country, in Fante-Agona in the west, in 
Okwawa and the border province of 
Ashanti, and even beyond the Volta in the 
Anum province, the most hopeful tokens of 
inquiry are everywhere visible. The evan- 
gelistic possession of Kumassi implies a 
decided northwesterly advance for the 
Basel Mission. The same Society is at 
present occupying Agona and Mampong 
(Ashant) with native workers, preparatory 
to a further extension. In a journey made 
to southeast Ashanti during the past year, 
Mr. Ramseyer visited the Bosonotshe Lake, 
whose waters are consecrated to a fetish, and 
whose shores had until his arrival remained 
untrodden by foreign foot. The fishing 
population around it are now calling earn- 
estly for teachers. 




Students in Men's ami Boys' BoardingJScbooVjLien Chow, China. 



202 



REV. IRA M. CONDIT, D.D. — REV. JONATHAN WILSON, D.D. [September, 



REV. IRA M. CONDIT, D.D. 

Dr. Condit was born in Mercer county, 
Pa., and graduated from Jefferson College 
in 1855, and from Western Theological 
Seminary in 1859. At his baptism his 
father dedicated him not only to the Lord, 
but also to the gospel ministry, though this 
was never known until he himself had 
chosen that work. 

While in the seminary a young classmate 
who had hoped to go as a missionary to 
China was suddenly called to his reward, 
and a request having come that some one 
else should take his place, Mr. Condit, who 
had never thought 
of being a mission- 
ary, accepted it. It 
was while he was 
waiting this call 
that the fact of his 
father's consecration 
of his infancy was 
made known, and it 
came to him as a 
call of God. 

He married Miss 
Laura E. Carpenter, 
a teacher in the sem- 
inary of Granville, 
O., and with her 
sailed for Canton in 
January, 1860. 
They were obliged 
to return on account 
of Mrs. C o n d i t ' s 
health in 1865. 

He was first called 
to take charge of the 
Chinese Mission in 
San Francisco tem- 
porarily during the 
absence of Dr. 
Loomis. His wife died in Ohio, Decem- 
ber, 1866. After laboring in two or 
three different pastorates, he was invited 
by the Board of Foreign Missions in 1870 
to engage permanently in the work in 
San Francisco. In 1872 he married Miss 
Samantha D. Knox, of Virginia, a gradu- 
ate and teacher in the female seminary at 
Steubenville, O. 

Dr. Condit has been permitted to baptize 
over 300 Chinamen, most of whom have 
remained faithful until the end. He has 
prepared various books for the use of 



Chinese pupils. His career has been one 
to which the word faithfulness is eminently 
appropriate. He is still in principal charge 
of the Chinese work on the Pacific coast. 




Ira M. Condit, D.D. 



REV. JONATHAN WILSON, D.D., 
OF THE LAOS MISSION. 

Jonathan Wilson was born in Beaver 
county, Pa., in 1830; graduated at Jeffer- 
son College in 1851, and at Princeton Theo- 
logical Seminary in 1856. He was commis- 
sioned by the Board of Foreign Missions in 
May of that year, and labored a short time 
among the Choctaws at Spencer Academy. 
He reached Bang- 
kok, Siam, with his 
wife, in June, 1858, 
and ten years later 
he began his labors 
among the Laos peo- 
ple of Cheung Mai. 
Since reaching Siam 
he has a been fel- 
low-worker with his 
classmate, Rev. D. 
McGilvary,D.D. 
They were welcomed 
to Siam by Rev. 
Stephen Mattoon, 
D.D., and Rev. S. 
R. House, M. D., 
and their wives, who 
were the pioneer 
missionaries of the 
Board in that coun- 
try. In August, 
1859, they witnessed 
the baptism, by Dr. 
House, of Nai Chune, 
the first Siamese con- 
vert. In September, 
1858, they joined 
Drs. Mattoon and House in the organiza- 
tion of Siam Presbytery, and in 18S4, in 
the organization of North Laos Presbytery. 
Mrs. Wilson, after a faithful and patient 
two years' service in Bangkok passed to 
her heavenly reward. A second wife, after 
ten years of work with her husband in 
Siam and Laos, and a further six and a 
half years in care of their three children in 
Oxford, O., died March 5, 1885. 

There is a tradition in the Mission Rooms 
that when the young missionary candidates, 
Wilson and McGilvary, were 



1898.] 



A BUDDHIST S SALVATION BY FAITH. 



203 



asked to what field they would like to be 
sent, they replied, " That field to which 
others are least inclined to go." With 
such a spirit it is no wonder that the Laos 
Mission which they founded has been a great 
success. For a time the native church 
which they had planted was persecuted 
even unto death by a cruel prince, but for 
many years they have had an open door and 
a warm welcome. Dr. Wilson regards the 
last ten years of his missionary work as the 
best ten. His translation of the Psalms 
into Laos was a glad fitting for his work of 
writing and translating some 350 hymns, 
192 of which were 
published in the 
Laos hymnal that 
was printed in De- 
cember, 1895. His 
translation of Gene- 
sis and the writing 
of the additional 158 
hymns were the work 
of the year 1896. 
The same year he 
put in the press the 
late Mrs. Wilson's 
Laos manuscript of 
" Pilgrim's Prog- 
ress." Hundreds of 
the Laos have read 
this translation of 
B u n y a n with de- 
light. During his 
present furlough, he 
and his daughter 
have secured the 
preparation of plates 
for over three hun- 
dred tunes which, on 
their return to Laos, 
the mission will use 

in the issue of a second edition of the Laos 
Hymnal. 

Though Dr. Wilson is now in his sixty- 
ninth year, his zeal for the Laos is unabated, 
and in this year, 1898, he returns with a 
beloved daughter, after a furlough, to take 
up once more the chosen work of his life. 
Fifteen native churches of the Laos will 
welcome his return. In the past he has had 
a large part in the literary work of the mis- 
sion, especially the preparation of hymns for 
the use of t the native Church. It is to be 
hoped that he will be spared for like service 
in the time to come. 




Jonathan Wilson, D.D. 



A BUDDHIST'S SALVATION BY 
FAITH. 

Prof. Lange, of Berlin, writing in the 
Zeitschrift fiir Mfesionskiuide, says of the 
powerful Japanese- China sect of Buddhism : 
" A tract expounding the principles of this 
sect declares that men are too weak to strug- 
gle through to redemption by their own 
strength, by religious and moral action 
alone, although this is the original and 
essential teaching of Buddhism. To de- 
mand this of men is to ask hens to go into 
the water. A heart that believes of its own 
strength is change- 
able as an image in 
water; a heart that 
believes through the 
power of another is 
strong as a diamond. 
He who possesses the 
first believes in many 
Buddhas ; he who 
possesses the latter 
believes in one Budd- 
ha, as a faithful 
servant does not 
serve two masters. 
Accordingly, the ad- 
herents of this sect 
honor Amida Budd- 
ha as the head of all 
Buddhas. There 
comes to view the re- 
markable phenome- 
non that a doctrine 
which originally can 
only be called aesthet- 
ic has made its way 
through polytheism 
to monotheism. But 
we must never for- 
get that Amida is to be essentially dis- 
tinguished from the God of the Old 
Testament, for he is worshiped through 
an image; he is not the creator and up- 
holder of the world; he is not eternal, 
for there has been a time when he was not 
yet Buddha; he is not almighty; he does 
not direct the destinies of men in this 
world, and does not punish sin ; it is only in 
his great love and compassion to men, and 
in the wish that all may be saved, that he 
comes nearest to the idea of God. Who- 
ever now sets his full trust in the grace of 
Amida has no occasion to leave house and 



204 



A NOTABLE BRA.HMAN CONVERT AND CHRIS HAN PREACHER. [September, 



home, and to seek redemption in cloistered 
seclusion far from the tumult of the world. 
He need not refrain from marriage or from 
the eating of meat, etc., etc. Accord- 
ingly, this is the only Buddhist sect the 
priests of which have from of old been 
allowed to live and dress exactly like lay- 
men. They are not tonsured, and wear no 
monastic garb. The office of priest is 
hereditary, and the high priest Atani is a 
descendant of the princely founder of the 
sect. Shimon belongs to the higher nobil- 
ity; he is the primus inter pares, the most 
highly considered of all the heads of the 
Buddhist sects." — Quoted in "Missionary 
the World," December, lh 

A NOTABLE BRAHMAN CONVERT 
AND CHRISTIAN PREACHER. 

The allegation has so often been made 
that no high-caste Hindu (Joshu, Vive- 
kananda, and others have often made it) 
has ever confessed Christ, that we give at 
some length the following sketch of a 
Brahman of the Brahmans. Few men in 
India, native or foreign, have left so noble 
a record. The admirable likeness herewith 
given shows the strong character, the intel- 
lectual points and the moral earnestness 
*vhich were manifested in his life work. 
Those who are familiar with the points of 
the late Lord John Lawrence will see here a 
resemblance. The sketch has been kindly 
written by the Rev. Reese Thack well, D.D. : 

" The Rev. Golak Nath was a Kulin 
Brahman, the son of a tea merchant in 
Calcutta. He was born in 1816, and died 
in 1891. He had been educated in Cal- 
cutta, under the care of Dr. Duri; but 
when eighteen years of age, he J eft his home 
without permission — probably to " seek his 
fortune" — with but vague ideas of what 
was before him. As a student he had 
gained some knowledge of Christianity, and 
thought well of it, which probably became 
known to his family. This may have 
largely influenced him to leave his home. 
At Karnal. a town situated between Delhi 
and Uinbala, he met the late Rev. J. New- 
ton, D.D., than whom no one could have 
been better fitted to guide and instruct the 
young man in his religious difficulties. He 
became so interested in Mr. Newton's teach- 
ings that he resigned the appointment he 
had obtained in the District office, and 



accompanied his teacher to Lodiana, in order 
to complete his inquiry into the truth of 
Christianity. The result was that in 1835 
he made a profession of his faith in Christ 
and was baptized by Mr. Newton. He was 
the first convert of the Lodiana Mission. 
He began to prepare himself for the work 
of the ministry. 

1 ■ In 1847 he was ordained by the Lodiana 
Presbytery, and was sent by the mission to 
occupy Jullundur, a town in the Jullun- 
dur Doab, which had recently been annexed 
by the British. He thus became the first 
missionary to the Punjab proper. He was 
not long in his new position before he won 
the esteem and respect of the people, and 
justified the mission in the brotherly confi- 
dence they placed in him. He was a most 
eloquent preacher in L T rdu, his thoughts 
flowed in a torrent of elegant and chaste 
language. He also wrote and spoke excel- 
lent English. 

"English officers not infrequently came to 
listen to him, and it is said that some of 
them attributed their conversion to his 




Rev. Golak Nath, 
Late of the Lodiana Mission. 



1898.] 



A NOTABLE BRAHMAN CONVERT AND CBR1STJAN PREACHER. 



205 



preaching. Far and wide his influence was 
felt, and in the Jullundur Doab itself there 
were few villages where he had not preached, 
and fewer still where, having preached, he 
had not left an impression for good by his 
earnest exhortations. In the early days of 
his work he was well known to the highest 
officials in the Punjab. He had the confi- 
dence and respect of such men as Lord Law- 
rence, Sir Robert Montgomery, Sir Donald 
McLeod, Sir Herbert Edwardes, General 
Lake and many others, some of whom he 
reckoned among his personal friends. 

"As an educator he took a foremost place. 
He opened the first English school in the 
Punjab and for many years it was one of 
the best in the mission and in the province. 
Hundreds of educated young men have 
passed from it and are filling positions of 
respectability and usefulness in the various 
departments of life, some of them holding 
the highest judicial and administrative 



appointments open to natives, and — best of 
all -a few have embraced the Christian 
religion. 

"As a writer of books and tracts in Urdu 
and Gurmuklie his services, were highly 
valued by all who took an interest in native 
literature. 

1 ' He was an affectionate father, and his 
children have the most lively and tender 
reminiscences of his love for them. 

1 ' He left a large family, all of whom fill 
honorable positions in life. One son is a 
missionary in the Lodiana mission; another 
is a barrister- at -law, practicing in Lahore. 
One of his daughters married the Rev. Mr. 
Chatterjee, the respected and honored mis- 
sionary of Hoshyarpur, who, with bis 
charming wife, was in America some years 
ago. Another married the Kour Sahib, 
Harnam Singh, the brother of the late 
Rajah of Kapurthala and uncle of the 
present rajah. A granddaughter, Miss 




Boys' High School, Jumna, India. 



206 



A TRUE WORSHIPER OF THE UNKNOWN GOD. 



[September, 




Harriet House School, Bangkok, Siam. 
First Graduates in back row. 



Dora Chatterj ee, is now in this country 
studying medicine as a means of usefulness 
to her countrywomen. May the divine 
blessing enable her worthily to sustain the 
high prestige inherited from such an an- 
cestry.' ' 

A TRUE WORSHIPER OF THE UN- 
KNOWN GOD. 

The bimonthly reports received from the 
Siam Mission are always interesting. They 
are painstakingly written and yet not stifl 
and formal. They are realistic, giving the 
flesh and blood and not the mere bones of 
missionary experience. 

From such a letter we quote this brief 
sketch from the pen of E. P. Dunlap, D. D. : 

11 I will close this with a brief account of 
one of the most interesting experiences we 
have had in Siam. Having heard of an 



' aged man who worships Jehovah/ we 
visited his home, and there held several 
services. The old man gave us a warm 
welcome, and told us that many years ago 
he became convinced that the world has a 
Creator, and that he is the true God. He 
then resolved to give up all other gods and 
worship him only. He did not know his 
name, so addressed him as the Greatest of 
all. Four years ago, during our first tour 
to this side, he received several portions of 
the Word — Genesis, Exodus, Matthew, 
Luke, John and the Acts. These he not 
only read, but committed large portions to 
memory. In his own words, * The Holy 
Spirit planted the word in my heart.' He 
committed Paul's sermon to the Athenians, 
because, he said, ' It just suited my case.' 
He had been ignorantly worshiping the 
unknown God. Through this wonderful 
sermon he learned about him and since then 



A TRUE WORSHIPER OF THE UNKNOWN GOD. 



1898.] 

tea 

has put his whole trust in him. He has 
been bold in declaring this faith to others. 
Some, he says, have balieved, but many have 
cursed him, and called him ' a crazy old 
man.' His wife joined him in believing, 
and they have put away all forms of heathen 
worship from their home. The old man is 
very familiar with the history of God's 
people, as recorded in Genesis and Exodus. 
He grows eloquent over portions of the 
Acts, particularly the martyrdom of 
Stephen, the conversion of Paul and the 
sermon at Athens. He has compiled from 
the Scriptures his own confession of faith. 
He read it to me and I could offer no criti- 
cisms. Surely this aged man has been 
taught by the Spirit of God. I found that 
he had but little need of a human teacher. 
It was my joy to baptize him and his wife. 
He is seventy-seven and his wife 3ixty years 
of age. He has been a government official 
during three reigns, his title being ' Looang 
See Pet Song Kram.' His father was a 
military man of some note. He led the 
army that invaded Kedah in 1827, and 
took the province for Siam. He expressed 



207 



his regret that he had not known the 
Saviour earlier, when he was strong and 
could have gone about and proclaimed the 
gospel to others. He promised to publish 
the glad tidings with all his heart. We 
were sorry to say good- by to these aged 
disciples. But we go with greater confi- 
dence in the willingness of the Holy Spirit 
to accompany the distribution of God's 
word, and to make it powerful to salvation." 
Here is another instance which seems to 
show that the regenerating Spirit of God 
is not bound in his operations ; that as in 
Old Testament times many who had 
received only types and shadows of the 
" Lamb slain from the foundations of the 
world ' ' believed God, and it was counted 
unto them for righteousness, so now here and 
there a man of only partial faith seems truly 
born of God. No man by patient continu- 
ance in well-doing seeks for glory and 
immortality unless led by the Holy Spirit. 
Cornelius had been so led even before Peter 
unfolded to him a full salvation in Christ, 
and St. Augustine, before he came to accept 
the Christian faith had been led to hate his 




Medellin School, Colombia. 
Rev. J. G. and Mrs. Tozeau and Native Teacher. 



208 



A TRUE WORSHIPER OF THE UNKNOWN GOD — NOTE. 



[September, 




Girls' School, Seoul, Korea. 



life of sin and to long with an indescrib- 
able longing after the living God, while 
reading the book of a heathen writer on the 
Platonic philosophy. Even so, this vener- 
able Siamese, " many years" before he 
heard the gospel, renounced idolatry, and 
although he did not even know the name of 
God, began to worship him under the name 
of " the Greatest." The fact that God's 
Spirit is everywhere present and that at all 
times there may be here and there ' ' hidden 
ones ' ' who are waiting for the truth should 
enlarge the scope of our prayers and lead 
to an increased zeal to hasten forth with the 
glad tidings of a full salvation. 



" The wholly unexpected has hap- 
pened," says the Outlook, in speaking of a 
communication from Rev. Arthur H. 
Smith; " certain foreign ladies not spe- 
cially interested in missionary schools have 
taken up the an ti- foot binding movement 
with great zeal, and a society has been 



organized to promote the cause. At their 
recent annual meeting they were able to 
report striking progress iu the enlighten- 
ment of Chinese scholars and officials. The 
governor (Chinese) has edited a tract on the 
subject, others have composed odes, and the 
present descendant of Confucius has writ- 
ten to express his sympathy with the effort 
and refers kindly to the ' wise women of the 
West ' who have come to China. 

" What is even more significant is the 
proposed opening of a school in Shanghai 
for Chinese girls, under purely Confucian 
auspices. While almost all Chinese women 
are grossly ignorant, Confucianism does not 
require them to be so. There have been 
many educated women in Chinese history, 
but they have been rare and lonesome ex- 
ceptions. Now that the educational reform 
is broached, it is characteristic of the Con- 
fucian promoters of it to mention it as a 
restoration of the ' great educational system 
for the weaker sex prevailing during the 
three dynasties.' " 



1898] 



MISSIONARY EDUCATIONAL WORK. 



209 



Concert of Prayer 
For Church Work Abroad. 

September. — Missionary Educational Work. 

(a) Influence of" the Gospel in awakening thirst for 

education. 

(b) Importance of reaching the young. 

(c) Different grades of schools in mission fields and 

their advantages. 

(d) Schools as evangelistic agencies, 
(c) The element of self-support. 



MISSIONARY EDUCATIONAL 
WORK. 

The influence of foreign missions in 
awakening a desire for education is no 
longer in need of demonstration. The 
whole history of the modern missionary 
movement has made it plain. Many mis- 
sion fields bear their testimony to the one 
common result. Even in the medieval 
missions the same fact appears. The great 
impulse given to general enlightenment by 
Alcuin and others in England and on the 
continent was the direct fruit of the Celtic 
missions of Ireland and Iona. 

In many instances, where only glimpses of 
Christian truth had been gained by savage 
races, special requests have been made for 
Christian teachers. King Kammehamaha 
I of the Sandwich Islands made such a 
request of the navigator Vancouver in the 
final decade of the last century, and a few 
years later he made arrangements for send- 
ing his own son to be educated in the United 
States. About the years 1815-1824 there 
were eight or ten Hawaiian youth in school 
in New England. About the year 1835 a 
very remarkable embassy of four young 
chiefs of the Nez Perces Indians crossed 
the continent and appeared at St. Louis with 
an earnest request for Christian teachers. 
They had gained a few rays of light 
through Clark's expedition. Among the 
pupils in the Cornwall Missionary School in 
Connecticut nearly every prominent Indian 
tribe in this country was represented. 

About the hardest struggles that our 
efforts to promote education have encoun- 
tered have been experienced in the Turkish 
empire. The old notion of the Khalif 
Omar, that all knowledge not found in the 
Koran is pernicious and should be dis- 
credited and destroyed, has marked the 
policy of Mohammedan rulers for centuries. 
The ^study of Greek philosophy which for 



a time appeared at Baghdad and in Spain, 
rather by the sufferance and sometimes in 
spite of the opposition of the Moslem 
authorities than by any encouragement at 
their hands, was finally suppressed, as con- 
trary to the very spirit of Islam. 

But the enterprising and aggressive spirit 
of modern missions has at length prevailed 
over even Mohammedan bigotry and intol- 
erance. Constantinople and Beirut furnish 
striking examples. 

That even Moslem children should be 
found in Protestant mission schools by the 
score and the hundred would once have 
been considered preposterous. That Mos- 
lem authorities should advocate the estab- 
lishment of schools of their own for girls 
would have been thought equally strange. 
I remember reading some years ago the 
report of a speech from a Syrian effendi, 
strongly advocating education as an impera- 
tive demand of the times. Somewhat later 
I read in the columns of a Mohammedan 
paper published in India a similar plea, and 
the plea was based upon the acknowledged 
fact that Mohammedan conservatism had 
prevented Mohammedan youth from rising 
so rapidly as did Hindu youth into influen- 
tial Government positions. 

When a young Hindu girl from our mis- 
sion seminary at Dehra passed the Calcutta 
University examinations and took the degree 
of A.B., the event was remarked upon by a 
Governmental administrator as marking a 
new era in the status of womanhood in 
India. Much of the work and influence of 
Lady Dufferin and of Pundita Ramabai have 
been upon the same lines. The Moha Rane 
of Mysore has under her special patronage 
a very large girls' seminary which in its 
general management and in its grades of 
study and general high culture would claim 
rank with our best institutions of the better 
sort. 

The awakening of an educational spirit in 
Japan has been one of the most remarkable 
movements of the nineteenth century. The 
early teachings of the first Protestant mis- 
sionaries, Hepburn, Brown and Verbeck, 
followed closely upon the naval and diplo- 
matic movements of the United States gov- 
ernment; and the Japanese, with the quick 
responsiveness for which they are so remark- 
able, were in due time represented by an 
embassy whose errand was to learn the 
secret of Western progress, and especially 



210 



MISSIONARY EDUCATIONAL WORK. 



[September, 



of the general elevation of woman. One 
result was the sending to this country of 
many young men as students and five young 
girls, who were placed in Christian families. 
American and European teachers were 
employed in Japanese schools of various 
grades and to-day Japan stands among the 
nations most advanced in their educational 
policy. Tokyo University has already 
attained an enviable position. 

The influence of Western education in 
China has been slower in its operation, but 
it has come at last. Over forty years ago 
Rev. Samuel Brown (afterwards missionary 
in Japan) opened a school for boys at Hong 
Kong. Four of his pupils became distin- 
guished and widely influential. One was 
the famous Yung Wing. A second was the 
late Dr. Wong, of Hong Kong, the able 
assistant of Dr. Legge in translating the 
Chinese classics. A third became the chief 
mover in providing China with arsenals and 
other means of defense. The fourth was 
for several years Chinese consul at San 
Francisco, where he maintained a consis- 
tent Christian character, conducted family 
prayers in his household, and showed a real 
sympathy with missionary work. 

After the occurrence of the Tientsin mas- 
sacre and the retaliatory action of the 
French government which followed it, 
Yung Wing was enabled to carry out a 
plan which he had long cherished and 
vainly urged upon the imperial authorities, 
of bringing to this country a number of 
Chinese youth for education. It was fondly 
believed that a new era had dawned upon 
China. But the old conservative party at 
Peking was too strong for Yung Wing, as 
it has more recently been for Li Hung 
Chang. The young men in America, it was 
alleged, were becoming denationalized and 
the more they acquired of Western learn- 
ing the more dangerous would be their 
future influence in China. 

Accordingly they were ordered home with 
more or less of disgrace. Nevertheless, 
experience has proved their superior compe- 
tence in various influential spheres, and it is 
said that in the late war with Japan, Yung 
Wing's Americanized students were as a 
class the most reliable men in the Chinese 
service. 

Now, with the experience of the war 
with Japan, and the rush of the European 
powers for strategic possessions on the 



Chinese coast, the conservative old empire 
comes at last into a more perfect comprehen- 
sion of her deficiencies, and opens the doors 
long closed against Western education. 

Railroads, telegraph lines and mining 
enterprises are welcomed, and what seems 
most remarkable of all is the fact that the 
Confucian classics have no longer a monop- 
oly in the competitive examinations. It is 
seen that a body of ethics compiled ages 
ago can no longer be regarded as the sum 
of all knowledge. Science, history, modern 
arts, political economy, are admitted as 
indispensable in the training of statesmen 
and administrators. 

The only matter in question now in 
China, Japan or India is not education, but 
what kind of education ? There are those 
who would exclude Christian teaching and 
recommend secular studies only and who 
imagine that conservative Chinese officials 
are chiefly jealous of missionaries and 
Christianity. So far from this missionaries 
and their influence have been far more wel- 
comed and trusted than diplomatists, and 
certainly more than merchants. So far 
from desiring first of all railroads and tele- 
graph lines, the Chinese have until lately 
opposed them. One railroad track was 
torn up and its moving stock was thrown 
into the sea, while at the same time a gov- 
ernmental college was opened in Peking 
with a Presbyterian missionary at its head. 
It is not claimed that this preference indi- 
cates a desire of Chinese officials for the 
spiritual truths of Christianity; it simply 
shows that they have confidence in men of 
Christian training and profession and that 
in Protestant missionaries at least they 
suspect no Jesuitical or political intrigues.* 

In the short address which His Excel- 
lency Li Hung Chang made two years ago 
to the secretaries of the American Protes- 
tant missionary organizations, he expressed 
the warmest welcome to missionary schools 
in China. Of course he avowed his belief 
in Confucianism as virtually equivalent to 
Christianity, and it was not for the sake of 
a new religious cult that he invited mis- 
sionary education, but what he appreciated 
was its balance and harmony of moral and 
intellectual elements. It was a good kind 
of education, in fact, the best, and the 
more any country could have of it the 
better. 

Just at the present time the different 



1898.] 



MISSIONARY EDUCATIONAL WORK. 



211 



missionary societies in this country and in 
Europe are discussing the question whether 
too much attention has not been given to 
proportionally mere school -teaching on the 
mission fields — I say proportionally, for 
necessity compels a choice among agencies 
all of which are good. There is no lack of 
open doors. The American churches might 
raise millions of money and send out armies 
of teachers to many lands, but there is 
always a danger that instructors in high or 
low grades may gradually sink into mere 
school-teachers and cherish only an educa- 
tional enthusiasm instead of a burning 
desire for the salvation of souls. One of 
the most effective charges made against 
missions in India by the Hindu lecturer 
Vivekananda was that " the missonaries 
had given up the delusive hope of convert- 
ing the Hindus to Christianity, and had 
gone to school -teaching, " that instead of 
laboring in the villages where there might 
be some hope that the simple people would 
be won, they had settled down in large 
Anglo-Iudian communities and built up 
schools. The chief strength of Vive- 
kananda' s gross and unjust misrepresenta- 
tions against missionaries generally lay in 
the small admixtures of truth which they 
contained. It is true that in some missions, 
however sincere and earnest the laborers, 
the emphasis has gradually and uncon- 
sciously been changed until the educational 
and the medical have far outgrown the 
evangelistic element in missionary work, 
and that a return to something more nearly 
resembling the apostolic method and pro- 
portions is desirable. 

All the missionary societies and their 
missionaries in many fields are now seeking 
to magnify the religious element in their 
schools, and, where this is difficult, to in- 
crease the proportions of direct evangelistic 
effort. While secular education is still 
maintained there is an effort to make it 
more or less self -supporting. 

There would seem to be no good reason 
why the pupils in a large school do not 
afford one of the very best fields for evan- 
gelistic effort, both with individuals and 
with the mass — provided the great aim is 
the winning of souls. 

The ideal missionary life is one which, in 
whatever allotted sphere, seeks the conver- 
sion of souls one by one. This great aim 
can scarcely be better expressed than in the 



following sketch of an address by one of the 
junior secretaries of the Foreign Board : 

THE MISSIONARY AS A SOUL-WINNER. 

Notes from an Address given by Robert E. 
Speer, June 22, 1898. Conference with 
newly appointed missionaries. 

Soul-winning is the primary aim of mis- 
sions. The aim is not sociological, not 
political, though these are important. Our 
aim is to win men to Jesus Christ. ' ' He 
came to seek and to save that which was 
lost." 

Preaching the gospel is the supreme 
method, as winning souls is the supreme 
aim. A missionary in China said to me: 
" Our philanthropic representation of 
Christianity has prevented it from making a 
definite impression upon the minds of the 
Chinese. They have been led to regard 
Christianity as a great charity instead of 
an authoritative message from God." 

Preaching the gospel is not necessarily 
delivering a studied discourse. It is any 
method of proclaiming the trulhs that Jesus 
Christ brought into the world to the hearts 
of men. 

Mr. Malcolm said: " Direct preaching of 
the gospel is the most attractive part of the 
work of a missionary on leaving home, and 
the most repulsive on reaching the field." 

Constant, unceasing, individual work is 
necessary, spiritual dealing with individual 
souls. Souls are not saved by masses. 
Now and then in this country a great evan- 
gelist is able to gather up the fruits of a 
great amount of personal influence and 
lead a great number into the kingdom of 
heaven, but all those souls have been pre- 
pared. Christ saves souls one by one. 
That is the only way to save men. It is 
done individually, by bringing to bear upon 
the individual heart the universal love of 
God, and then leading the individual to an 
individual act of will by which he absorbs 
the universal grace of God. Talk to the 
man who carries your jinricksha, to the 
man who rows your boat, talk to men 
wherever you meet them. 

We are to do this work every day. It is 
no Sunday work. " Never postpone till 
to-morrow the exertion of the spiritual influ- 
ence that you are capable of using to-day. 
Make it a rule that never a day shall pass 
in which you do not bring to bear some 
spiritual influence upon some other soul." 



212 



MISSIONARY EDUCATIONAL WORK. 



[September, 



We shall have to arouse ourselves to this. 
William Carey testified that he found it a 
daily struggle to arouse himself to his work. 
Nothing else will take the place of this 
kind of work. You may treat a thousand 
people a week in your dispensary, but it 
will not atone in the sight of those who 
know what the aim of missions is, nor in 
the sight of God, for slighting one single 
opportunity of dealing with a single soul. 
It is the dealing of a man with a man. 

It is said that we all are not fitted for 
this kind of work. If you are fit to talk 
with a man about the price of rice, it is 
your own fault if you are not also fit to 
talk with him about his own spiritual life. 

"God's set time to favor Zion " is 
always come. The duty of reaping is as 
great as that of sowing. One cause for the 
neglect of reaping is the mistaken idea that 
it takes a long time for the seed to grow. 
The regeneration of any soul is a miracle, 
and a miracle is instantaneous. Jesus said 
in a semi-heathen city to his disciples, " Say 
ye not, there are four months and then 
cometh harvest ? Life up your eyes and 
look on the fields, for behold they are white 
already to the harvest." Let us go out 
with large expectations of God's willingness 
to help us, with no want of faith in those 
great promises of Christ. " Whatsoever 
ye shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall 
receive." "If ye shall ask anything in 
my name, I will do it." 

Are we fit for this kind of work ? In all 
our study, have we qualified ourselves for 
this ? John Wesley wrote down these 
qualifications as instruction for his evan- 
gelists : 

"1. Be diligent. Never be unemployed 
for a moment, never be triflingly employed, 
never while away time. 

"2. Be serious. 

" 3. Believe evil of no one. Unless you 
see it done, take heed how you credit it. 
Put the best construction on everything. 

" 4. Speak evil of no one, else your 
words expressed will eat as doth a canker. 
Keep your thoughts in your own breast 
until you come to the person concerned. 

" 5. Tell every one the evil you think of 
him, and that as soon as may be. Cast the 
fire out of your bosom. 

"6. Be ashamed of nothing but sin. 

"7. Be punctual. Do everything 
exactly at the time, and in general do not 



mend rules, but keep them, not for wrath, 
but for conscience sake. 

" 8. You have nothing to do but save 
sinners. Therefore spend and be spent in 
this work, and always go to those who want 
you not, only, but to those who want you 
most. 

" 9. Act in all things not according to 
your own will, but as a son in the gospel.''" 

We need : 

1. A deep spiritual life of our own. 
The winning of a human soul is the bring- 
ing of spiritual life, or of the desire for 
spiritual life, to that soul. Can we give 
that which we do not have ourselves ? 
Our success is dependent in large measure 
upon the depth and the strength and the 
power of our own spiritual lives. Is your 
own life deep enough to enable you to give 
out of your own life for others? You 
remember what Jesus said to the woman at 
the well: "The water which I shall give 
you will be a well of water springing up 
into everlasting life. ' ' You remember what 
he said on the last great day of the feast: 
u He that believeth on me. out of the 
depths of his life shall pour torrents of 
living water." 

2. We need a holy life. I know one 
missionary whose nickname among the 
natives is " Mr. Angry-face." How much 
power do you suppose that man will have 
over the lives of the people among whom he 
lives ? I know another man, a very pious 
man, whose nickname is " Mr. Holy- 
bone." He is a holy man, but there is no 
more juice to him than there is in a bone. 
He is as dry as Gideon's fleece. 

3. We need a spirit of great calm and 
restfulness of heart. The irritable man or 
woman, the one who is constantly getting 
impatient, will not be a great winner of 
souls. We need to learn to be humble, to 
be quiet, to find our strength in quietness 
and confidence, and in willingness to walk 
with him who, though he was in the form 
of God, thought it not a prize to be jeal- 
ously retained, but made himself of no 
reputation, and took upon himself the form 
of a servant, and became obedient to death, 
even the death of the cross. I believe we 
should find, many of us, the secret of a 
new peace in esteeming all other men 
better than ourselves. Who would be 
jealous of us if we esteemed the honor of 
every one before our own ? Who would be 



1898.] 



MISSIONARY EDU NATIONAL WORK 



21: 



envious if we sought in all things not to be 
ministered unto, but to minister to others ? 
Be willing to take the lowest place. We 
shall have greater success in drawing souls 
to him who was meek and lowly in heart if 
we learn to possess his spirit and to esteem 
all others, and the judgments of all others, 
as better than ourselves and our judgments. 

4, We shall need to have a close and 
constant walk with Christ if we are to 
have this spirit, a walk so close and con- 
stant that we shall have more intimate 
association with him than with any one in 
our mission station, more intimate than 
that of any husband and wife; and I be- 
lieve such a walk will be possible for you. 

This is going to involve hard and wearing 
work, this personal spiritual work. No 
mission Board can give you any vacation 
from it. You are to spend your whole life 
in following up the opportunities of this 
kind that come to you. You are literally 
to wear yourself out in doing this work for 
men. I had rather err on the side of 
crowding too much into my life, than on the 
side of omitting some of those things which 
I might have done. 

"Time worketh, let me work too; 
Time undoeth, let me do. 
Busy as time my work I ply 
Till I rest in the rest of eternity. 

11 Sin worketh, let me work too; 
Sin undoeth, let me do. 
Busy as sin my work I ply 
Till I rest in the rest of eternity. 

" Death worketh, let me work too ; 
Death undoeth, let me do. 
Busy as death my work I ply 
Till I rest in the rest of eternity." 

I want to work no less earnestly for my 
Master than time and sin and death work 
for theirs. We look about us in this land 
and in other lands upon men who are liter- 
ally burning their lives out for wealth or for 
passion. Henry Martyn wrote in his jour- 
nal shortly after he reached India, " Now 
let me burn out for God." I do not see 
why men should not be willing to do for 
God what men are willing to do for wealth 
or passion or sin or hell. We are working 
for one who spent his life as he believed it 
would please his father to have it spent. 
God forbid that we should fall into such 
great delicacy of carefulness, fgr ourselves, 



God forbid that we should deem these 
little live3of ours such precious things, that 
we will coddle them with indulgences that 
no earthly soldier asks from his general or 
his king and that Jesus Christ himself 
scorned in his own life. 

Let us make sure of two things : 

1. That we love people enough to bring 
them into the kingdom of God, that we love 
them up to the very maximum of love. 
No amount of kindly superior interest in 
them, no amount of patronizing philan- 
thropy, will avail. You and I must love 
them. Love is not a matter of chance, not 
a matter of emotion, not a matter of tem- 
perament. Love is the supreme flower of 
the will. You may love whom you will, 
and I wouldn't give a snap of my finger 
for the love that rests on anything else than 
will — for the love that people talk about 
when they say they fall into it. You fall 
into pits. You climb up to high and holy 
things. You climb up to love. It is with- 
in your power to love Chinese and Indians 
with the same love that Jesus Christ lovel us, 

2. Let us make sure that our desire to 
have three meals a day and a comfortable 
house to live in is not greater than our love 
for souls. Let us let our lives out in a 
passion for the lives of other men in some- 
thing of the spirit of the Apostle Paul when 
he said that he would that he were accursed 
from Christ for the sake of his brethren. 



A list of Presbyterian missionary educational 
institutions, with the location of each and the 
number of pupils, may be found in this maga- 
zine for September, 1897. The same number con- 
tains, "Mr. J. R. Mott on Missionary Education- 
al Work ; " " Sixty Years of Educational Work," 
by Rev. W. A. Shedd, Oroomiah, "American 
Schools in Brazil," by H. M. Lane, M.D.; 
"Missionary Colleges," by C. W. Mateer, D.D.; 
" Twenty Questions on Missionary Schools," by 
Y. E. P. 

The Board of Foreign Missions had under its 
care in 1897 twelve theological schools and train- 
ing classes with 153 students, seven colleges with 
1466 students, 724 day and boarding schools with 
30,182 pupils. Of these pupils, 10,978 were in 
India ; 7748 in Syria ; 3687 in China ; 3285 in 
Persia ; 940 in Japan ; 772 in Mexico ; 693 in 
Africa ; 442 in Siam ; 389 in Brazil ; 307 in Chile ; 
286 in Columbia ; 2.13 in Laos ; 230 in Korea; 
147 Chinese in the United States. ; [25 in Guate 
mala, 



214 LETTERS FROM REVS. H. F. JEfSUP, D.D , AND HUNTER CORBETT, D. D. [September, 



Letters, 



EXTRACTS FROM LETTER OF REV. H. H. 
JESSUP, D.D., BEIRUT, MAY 2, 1898. 

The Presbytery of Mt. Lebanon has just held its 
meeting in Beirut. Eight churches were repre- 
sented by fifteen Syrian and seven American mem- 
bers, and the sessions continued from Tuesday 
evening to Friday evening. In addition to the 
opening sermon by Mr. Bird, fifteen different 
papers and addresses were heard by the commis- 
sioners and general audience, and the interest was 
unabated to the end. The subjects were, "Our 
Churches and Ministers," "The Holy Spirit's 
Work and the Recent Keswick Meetings in Beirut," 
" Christian Giving, and Independence of Foreign 
Aid," "The Duty of Every Christian to Preach 
the Gospel," "How to Present the Study of the 
Bible and Other Religious Books Among Ourselves 
and Others," " Missionary News from China and 
Africa," "Addresses to the Children's Rally on 
Temperance and Keeping the Heart," "Sabbath 
Observance," "Importance of Teaching the Cate- 
chism to Children," "Christian Union." 

The spiritual tone of the meetings was high, and 
it was the general testimony that it was the most 
thoroughly spiritual gathering we have ever known 
in Syria. The meeting on Thursday morning, 
when Dr. Samuel Jessup gave an account of the 
religious convention in February, and a Syria 
preacher, Mr. Taurius Saad, spoke of his visits to 
Mildmay and Keswick in England in 1897, and of 
the recent awakening in Shoifat, was one of 
melting tenderness and spiritual power. All felt 
the presence of the divine Spirit, and when the 
hour was up, by common consent, the same subject 
was continued. Mr. Bird, our eldest missionary, 
said it was the most impressive meeting he ever at- 
tended in Syria. 

At the children's rally, Friday morning, about 
600 boys and girls filled the church and it was a 
sight long to be remembered. In the afternoon a 
goodly company sat down together at the Lord's 
table, the service being conducted by Mr. Bird and 
Ruo Salleba Jerawan, of Meshghara, our eldest 
native pastor. In the evening a social gathering 
was attended in the Gerald Dale Memorial Sabbath- 
school hall, given by friends in Beirut to the mem- 
bers of presbytery. You would have enjoyed seeing 
the crowd of young Syrian youth, young men and 
women, around the organ singing the gospel hymns 
in Arabic and English, led by the ringing voice of 
Mr. Doolittle. 

It was altogether a model meeting of presbytery, 



a minimum of ecclesiastical routine and a maximum 
of uplifting, spiritual conference on religious and 
missionary subjects. 

The next meeting, in 1899, will be at the station 
of the Free Church of Scotland Mission, at Shiore, 
in Mt. Lebanon. 



EXTRACT FROM LETTER OF REV. 
HUNTER CORBETT, D.D., APRIL 11, 1898. 

On Saturday evening I returned from a journey 
of more than a month, visiting churches and sta- 
tions in the interior. At several centres we held 
all- day prayer meetings. Prayer was answered ; 
enemies confessed their faults and became recon- 
ciled ; hearts were warmed with new love and zeal 
and souls were saved. I was permitted to receive on 
profession of faith sixty- seven. Of this number, 
one man is eighty three years of age, two seventy- 
six and one seventy-three. This makes eighty I 
have been permitted to receive the past four months. 
Others are asking for baptism and seem near the 
kingdom. Thirty-five children have been baptized 
and two men were restored to church membership. 
The name of every member, including all the bap- 
tized children, were recorded in a book, and the 
sum placed opposite each name which was willingly 
pledged to be paid monthly for the support of the 
gospel. Many of our people have no property, and 
live from day to day, and almost literally as the 
birds live ; yet every one contributed something 
and wished the blessing promised to the cheerful 
giver. The aggregate sum contributed would sup- 
port three native preachers in addition to one al- 
ready supported by our church at Chefoo. In ad- 
dition to the above contributions, many have con- 
tributed liberally for the support of Christian edu- 
cation and for church repairs, etc. 

I have now under my special care organized 
work extending over five counties. The preachers, 
as a rule, have a special, definite work assigned. 
Usually two men work together, preaching regu- 
larly at four or five market towns, and visiting 
regularly all the towns and villages, distributing 
books and tracts in the territory to which they 
have been assigned. They keep a daily record of 
the places visited and the work done. When I 
enter the county, I expect all the preachers in that 
county to meet me for special conference and prayer 
and examination on the Scriptures and work I have 
previously assigned them, and to assist in holding 
protracted meetings at any centre where there may 
be Christian inquirers or special promise. And 
then arrangements are made for work until I next 
visit the field. All our preachers are greatly en- 
couraged by finding so many ready to listen to the 



1898.] 

preaching and to read Christian books. We are in 
desperate need of a much larger number of conse- 
crated, humble and Christ-loving workers. I rode 
across a rich and thickly populated district, more 
than sixty miles, where as yet we have no preachers. 
At present this field is practically uncultivated. 
More than twenty- five years ago I traveled exten- 
sively over all that district and with native helpers 
sowed seed which I trust will soon produce a rich 
harvest, and certainly would if we had workers to 
occupy the field. Our schools are prospering and we 
hope from these to secure many God- called and 
God- qualified men to preach and win souls. 

LETTER FROM REV. J. S. THOMAS. 

PRAA, LAOS. 

Dear Friends : — Seven weeks ago to-day we left 
for our mountain retreat because of the awful heat 
and because immediately on our return from our 
tour to Ta It we had fever. This is our fifth hot 
season in Laos and the first one in which we have 
left our work for rest. Last year was our first year 
on the mountains, but then we went down daily to 
the villages to work. And this year, as you will 
see further on, we found opportunity for work in 

the mountain villages nearby We, all three 

of us, were feeling so poorly that each got on old 
Jumbo and for three days our bodies wers swayed 
to and fro to his steady tread. We arrived to find 
Mr. Shields already planted at the mouth of the 
Hooie Poo (Spring Creek — because it springs out 
from the base of the mountain), in a delightfully 
cool and pleasant place. Mr. Shields' children 
were all sick in Praa, but there they played in the 
water daily — well and hearty. Across the stream 
we pitched our tent, and in a few days, through the 
kindness of our surprised neighbors, we had a 
thatch roof over our tent — our home for about five 
weeks. We called the place " Hooie Poo Falls," 
because the little stream of clear, cold water is a 
succession of water-falls only a few yards apart 
and varying from two to fifty feet high. The water 
is surcharged with limestone, which is deposited on 
the overhanging branches and sticks, thus forming 
beautiful stalactites which in time become solid, 
the wood becoming petrified. These many stalac- 
tites, with the ferns, palms and bananas which line 
its banks on either side, and the dense forests of 
lofty trees as a background, make the little moun- 
tain stream throughout its entire length of about four 
miles, with its waters rolling and tumbling and roar- 
ing down those hundreds of cataracts, a spot of 
beauty and joy. Add to this the fact that in the for- 
ests were wild elephants, wild cattle, deer, monkeys, 
apes, tigers, etc. , and you may imagine we were Jiy- 



LETTER FROM REV. J. 8. THOMAS. 



215 



ing in a wild but picturesque place. The apes were 
daily visitors of ours, entertaining us with their 
weird calls and sprightly gymnastics in the lofty 
trees. There were three or four families of them in 
our neighborhood. We enjoyed many meals of fine 
venison brought to us by our neighbor hunters. They 
brought to us other wild meat — for instance, the por- 
cupine. A true and remarkable story is told of this 
little animal which I will here record for the chil- 
dren. The little fellow is fond of bananas, but they 
grow so high that he cannot hope to reach them. 
So while he sits at the base of the banana tree, long- 
ingly looking up at them, he, with unerring aim, 
deliberately shoots his quills at the banana stem 
till he cuts it, and the bunch drops at his feet, 
when he and his family at once enjoy a good meal. 
.... While the sun's heat away from these 
dense shades was something terrific this year, owing 
to the long drought of last year, in this spot the 
thermometer ranged between 75° and 85° F. Dur- 
ing our stay there we made the acquaintance of all 
the people in the little villages in a radius of half an 
hour's walk from camp. Many with divers dis- 
eases came to see the writer — most of whom were 
relieved. This had a strong tendency to remove 
all fear and prejudice and to open the way for the 
better things we had in store for them. None of 
them had ever heard of Jesus. After many visits we 
introduced to them the Saviour of the world — their 
personal Saviour. Toward the last of our stay we 
held services at the homes of the "head men" of 
the villages — they inviting all the people to their 
homes. From twenty-five to forty people attended 
each service. The story of creation, of our first 
parents, of the flood, the prophets, of the birth and 
life, the resurrection and the second coming of the 
Saviour, was intensely interesting to them, as their 
peculiar grunt of surprise and assent so often indi- 
cated. As a result of these meetings they asked for 
literature, which we gladly furnished to them. 
The meeting were really sunrise prayer meetings, as 
the people went early to their rice fields. (The 
mountain rice is planted two months earlier than 
rice in the plain. They clear off a small place in the 
woods, make little holes in the ground, drop in the 
rice and it is done till harvest. The entire village 
turns out to help, first one and then another. 
This because the people are peculiarly gregarious 
and because of fear of wild beasts. They know 
nothing of trade except by barter. They gather 
their own cotton, spin and weave the single gar- 
ment they wear, gather their food from the forests 
around. They raise only their rice and feed a few 
pigs. Then they are separate and away from and 
independent of the outside world. ) .... By such 
meetings and private talks we have sown the gospel 



216 



LETTER FROM REV. J. 8. THOMA8. 



[September, 



in virgin soil and we have left it with the Holy 
Spirit to develop and grow. It will not be ex- 
pedient to send an evangelist there this year, but 
we expect to work daily among them next hot sea- 
son. The first rains of the season taught us that it 
was no place for us in that dense shade because of 
must, mold and malaria. So we slowly retraced 
our steps homeward, stopping a few days in each of 
two villages for work. We rode our ponies. One 
of these villages had never before been visited by 
missionaries. But I had a patient from the village, 
and at his place we pitched our tent. A few 
months ago he returned a pair of spectacles and 
some reading we had given to him. He is a spirit 
doctor and he declared the spirits were troubling 
him because of those things and he returned them 
to appease the spirits. We therefore did not expect 
a warm welcome and we were not disappointed. 
He could not well refuse our selection of a shady 
place for our tent, but he did refuse permission to 
hold services in his house, to which we heartily 
yielded. The next day I had a long talk with him. 
He said it was not because of himself, but because 
of his relatives and neighbors that he declined. 
They had told him not to do so, because the spirits 
would leave his home and go to annoy, even by 
sickness and death, his friends. Therefore should 
sickness or death occur in any of those homes it 
would be laid to his charge and he would be expelled 
to the " spirit" province as so many have been be- 
fore. He is an intelligent man, but this was too 
much for him and we sympathize with him. This 
is the kind of awful superstition we must contend 
against. The teachings of Buddha sink into insig- 
nificance before this spirit worship which has entered 
into the sacred precincts of the temple itself. There 
are not wanting other signs of the decadence of this 
once powerful religion, although it is yet a fact 
that the temple, with its many priests and its forms 
and ceremonies and its idolatry, still remains the 
centre of the life of this people. It is in the work of 
changing the thoughts and feelings of this people 
concerning spirit worship, it seems to me, that the 
consecrated physician will be most powerful in 
breaking the barriers to Christianity. Let me il- 
lustrate. Yesterday afternoon we visited the home 
of the head man of a village. We found many 
people there and we saw a ' ' medium ' ' into whom 
a spirit was just entering for the purpose of inform- 
ing the husband and the family of the cause and cure 
of the sick wife and mother. For two hours the 
spirit struggled to enter and to make himself under- 
stood. The spirit professed to be a prominent 
prince and physician from Bangkok. He declared, 
through the woman (medium), himself to be 
one at heart with us. The medium knew that I 



was a physician, and that I had only a few months 
before performed an operation upon his next-door 
neighbor, with whom we were then stopping and 
who himself was also a head man. She breathed 
upon the water and the food, passed a sword along 
the different parts of the body of the poor, sick old 
woman, who all this time was lying with her bare 
back on the bare fl >or suffering, while all that tom- 
foolery was going on. But, dear friends, why do I 
thus write when I remember scores of exactly like 
instances in our own America ? Why do I write of 
such ignorance and superstition here when in the 
State of Illinois I have seen exact duplicates of the 
above seance ! But there it is the few and here 
it is everybody, and the whole life of the people is 
devoted to feeding and in all ways appeasing the 
spirits. That night the writer was called in to see 
the dying woman who, in spite of the singing and 
the shouting, the dancing and the prancing of the 
"medium," had grown worse. She was alive 
when we left the next morning. Thus they do 
turn to foreign skill and thus do they hear and 
learn of the skill of the Great Physician. By ob- 
taining relief in both these ways they gradually lose 
confidence in the spirits and turn to us and finally 
to Jesus for help. 

Our many visits to the homes in the first village 
won us many friends and called out large audiences 
to our meetiDgs at the camp and we never had better 
times. We have certainly overcome much of the prej- 
udice existing there, as was shown by the growing 
cordiality even of the man whose guests we were. 
At the second village I will but mention one meet- 
ing at the home of our host, whose brother was the 
chief priest at the temple. This priest with a hun- 
dred people gave good attention. 

And now we are back home. Some cases await 
my attention. 

I have found the American name beloved 
and trusted where other names failed to awaken 
any happy and affectionate feeling. The bright- 
est light which shines on the Syrian coast beneath 
the shadow of the Lebanon mountains flashes 
down from an American college, and the darkness 
which broods over the pyramids and the tombs of 
the sacred bulls would be far deeper but for 
the American Presbyterian schools and colleges 
stretching through the whole length of the Land 
of the Nile. And throughout India, from coast to 
coast, and I crossed the continent five times, while 
I saw many things to depress the mind and bring 
before me the shame of Christendom, my heart 
was filled with pride over the good name which 
American Christians have given to their country. 
— Dr. J. H. Barrows. 



EDUCATION. 



THE UNIQUE IMPORTANCE OF 
THE MINISTRY. 

There are indications that point to the 
necessity of calling new attention to the 
entirely unique position which the ministry 
occupies, by divine appointment, as com- 
pared with other callings and other businesses. 
More or less open ignoring or denying of 
the supernatural is a marked characteristic 
of the age. Public sentiment with regard 
to the ministry is largely influenced by this 
tendency of modern thought. The minis- 
try is allowed a place, and that a place of 
importance; but its supernatural features 
are not willingly recognized; at least by a 
large, and perhaps growing, class in the 
community. It is one thing to say that the 
ministry may exercise a very helpful influ- 
ence by keeping before the minds of the 
people exalted sentiments, by denunciation 
of all that is false or wrong among the 
rulers or the ruled, and by fearless utter- 
ances in behalf of right measures, however 
unpopular; and quite another thing to say 
that it Is the appointed instrumentality for 
the manifestation of the glory of God with 
a view to the redemption of men. Here is 
where the supernatural element comes in. 
11 The weapons of our warfare are not car- 
nal, but mighty through God to the pulling 
down of strongholds." There is a distinct 
promise of a reconstruction after the old 
order of things has been overturned; an 
ushering in of a new creation, to which sin, 
suffering and sorrow shall be unknown. 
" There shall not enter into it anything that 
defileth." "God shall wipe away all tears." 
" There shall be no more death, neither 
sorrow nor crying, neither shall there be any 
more pain!" We are further taught that 
that which drives away the darkness of all 
evil, and makes good and only good prevail, 
is the presence and glory of God. " The 
glory of God doth lighten it, and the Lamb 
is the light thereof." In one word, what 
the light of the sun is to the earth and the 
whole solar system, giving color, movement, 
life, growth, beauty, warmth, verdure, pro- 
ductiveness, tliat the knowledge of God is 
to the spiritual world. 



We can understand perhaps what a privi- 
lege it would be, were it possible for a 
mortal, to stand in the presence of a world 
that had known only darkness and cold 
and solitude, and to say with a voice of 
authority and of power, " Let there be 
light!" and then to witness in an ecstasy of 
delight the amazing change wrought by the 
outbursting of solar splendor, changing 
earth from desolation into a paradise. But 
such a privilege, astonishing as it would be, 
is, after all, trifling compared with that 
which is accorded to the true minister of 
Christ. He is sent into the presence of the 
moral darkness of the world, deep and pro- 
found, commissioned and empowered to draw 
aside the veil and reveal the glory of God 
as it shines in the face of Jesus Christ. By 
the revelation of that glory to men as it 
shines in that face the new creation is to be 
ushered in; individuals are to be thus regen- 
erated and communities transformed. The 
minister of Christ is the agent. The 
instrumentality which he is commissioned to 
employ is the Word of God. It is the fixed 
purpose of God to accomplish the wonders of 
his grace by means of that Word as preached 
by his own chosen ministers. There may 
be powerless pulpits, but they will not be 
those in which God is honored and his 
Word faithfully preached. Unless God 
changes his purpose, the importance of the 
pulpit and of the ministry cannot be over- 
estimated, nor can its power ever fail. 

THE TEACHING OF HISTORY. 

Peter's sermon on the day of Pentecost 
marks the beginning of the history of the 
Christian pulpit. It made a great stir in 
Jerusalem and led 3000 persons to apply 
for baptism. Stephen and Philip quickly 
appeared to show that others besides the 
apostles could preach with a wisdom and a 
power that was resistless. Paul made it 
abundantly apparent that the simple gospel 
faithfully preached was the power of God 
unto salvation. The historical result of the 
ministry of the apostles was the Christianiza- 
tion of the Roman Empire. 

The power of the pulpit was very mani- 
fest about the end of the fourth century in 

217 



218 



RELIGION AT STATE UNIVERSITIES. 



[September, 



Constantinople where John Chrysostom was 
denouncing the judgment of God against 
iniquity among people and priests and rulers, 
and in North Africa where Augustine, full 
of the spirit of St. Paul, was expounding the 
teachings of the Scriptures as to the exceed- 
ing sinfulness of sin and the yet more 
exceeding riches of the grace of God; 
while their writings extended their influence 
and perpetuated their power to our own 
times. Pascal and the Jansenists in 
France, Baxter and Howe in England, the 
Covenanter preachers of Scotland, Edwards 
in America, Charles Spurgeon, Cesar 
Malan, and a host of others, a noble suc- 
cession, have been like reproductions of these 
men of power, and have done much to 
determine the moral and religious character 
of their times. How shall we adequately 
estimate the power exerted' by Martin 
Luther and other Reformation preachers ? 
It was simply prodigious. With what lan- 
guage shall we rightly describe the influence 
of evangelists like Finney, or of field-preach- 
ers like Wesley, Whitefield, or the erratic 
John Fox ? The old saying, " Behold the 
world is gone after them," is historically 
true of preachers of the gospel. 

WHAT ABOUT THE PULPIT OF TO-DAY ? 

Some allege that it has lost its power; the 
power of the old-time pulpit being freely 
acknowledged. No doubt it is guilty of 
much folly. Many of its Samsons have 
wickedly allowed themselves to be shorn of 
their strength. This, however, is not an 
experience peculiar to our age. There was 
folly enough in the pulpits of the olden 
time. On the other hand, in all our bor- 
ders the characteristic feature of almost 
every landscape from Alaska to Florida, 
from New Mexico to Maine, is the heaven- 
ward-pointing church spire, the token 
and evidence of the security of person 
and property, of the prevalence of mo- 
rality among the people and of righteous- 
ness at the seat of judgment. Dr. Strong 
tells indeed of a certain township in which 
from the beginning religious influences have 
been carefully excluded. The records of that 
township fail to show a single inhabitant of 
distinction. The adjoining township, 
founded by God-fearing men, has been 
remarkable for the number of influential 
persons in many professions which it has 
produced. God's power is pledged to 



accompany God's Word. The modern pul- 
pit can only be weak by a guilty neglect of 
the divine Word, which has been com- 
mitted to its trust. 

THE POWER OF PREACHING AMONG 
THE HEATHEN. 

The recent visit to America of the vener- 
able Mr. Paton, missionary to the New 
Hebrides, has called fresh attention to the 
power of the ministry in modern times among 
the heathen. Nakedness, degradation, 
filth, war as a normal condition, cannibal- 
ism, all have, under his preaching of the 
Word of God and the preaching of his com- 
panions, given place to order and decency, 
normal peace, the fear of God, and reverent 
attendance upon divine worship. Wonders 
quite as remarkable have characterized the 
preaching of the gospel in Burmah, India, 
China, Japan, Syria, and other countries of 
heathendom. In Dr. Judson's field, dur- 
ing a period of seventy-five years, there was 
a new church for every three weeks of the 
time, and a new baptism for every three 
hours. In the Fiji Islands, as a result of 
fifty years of preaching, there are 1300 
church buildings for a population of 
110,000, of whom 104,000 attend divine 
service. Among the Telugus in India, 
20,000 converts were baptized in a period 
of twenty months. These are only specimen 
facts, but they bear weighty testimony to 
the continued power of the gospel as 
preached by faithful ministers of the Word. 
That power is one of the great factors of 
human history. 

We cannot too earnestly call the atten- 
tion of our young men to the honor and 
privilege, and the brilliant, indeed abso- 
lutely unique, prospects, connected with the 
ministry of Jesus Christ. 



RELIGION AT STATE UNIVER- 
SITIES. 

We have previously called attention to 
the interest displayed by the Synod of 
Colorado in an effort to do something for 
the moral and religious welfare of Presby- 
terian students in attendance upon the 
University of Colorado, situated at Boulder 
in that state. In accordance with the plan 
adopted by the synod last fall, the Rev. Mr. 
Notman, pastor of the church at Boulder, 
has been lecturing, upon invitation of the 
regents of the university, to the students 



1898.] 



SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF CERTAIN SEMINARIES. 



219 



upon the subject of Moral Philosophy as 
often as three times a week, and with the 
happiest results. The influence of this 
work has been very manifest upon the 
religious life of the university. The stu- 
dents have learned to come to him for 
advice, and the attendance upon the even- 
ing service of the church has by their pres- 
ence been increased until it now numbers 
from six to eight hundred. The faculty 
also is well represented in the congregation. 
We are informed that the regents offered to 
Mr. Notman the chair of Moral Philos- 
ophy with the understanding that he should 
give his whole time to the work. He has 
not felt ready, however, to give up his work 
in the church, and Dr. Kennedy, of Phila- 
delphia, a graduate of Princeton University, 
has received an appointment to that chair. 
It is probable that at the next session Mr. 
Notman will lecture to the students upon 
the History and Philosophy of Religion. 
The synod has undertaken to provide an 
assistant for him in order that the com- 
bined work of church and college may not 
be too much for his time and strength. 
This experiment in Colorado furnishes an 



interesting contribution toward the solution 
of one of the pressing and exceedingly 
important questions of the day. 




Charles G. Finney, D.D. 



SOME CHARACTERISTICS OF CER- 
TAIN SEMINARIES. 

Bangor (Cong. ) announces that the trus- 
tees determined, at the anniversary in May, 
1897, to discontinue the English Biblical 
course. Prof. Gil more, who was in charge of 
the English department, was transferred to 
the department of Biblical History, Biblical 
Introduction and Comparative Religion. 
All candidates now admitted are admitted 
on the original basis of a classical course. 

Union Seminary, New York, reports 
large improvements made during the sum- 
mer of 1897 in the buildings at a cost of 
nearly $60,000. The central point of inter- 
est for the year has been the development 
of the worship life of the seminary, the 
establishment of regular preaching services 
on Sunday afternoons in the beautifully 
restored chapel, and daily prayer services at 
eventide, open to the public as well as to 
the students. 

Rochester (Baptist) reports that 
since 1890, when the English or 
partial course was discontinued, 
and graduation from college or an 
equivalent Greek preparation was 
made a prerequisite to admission, 
the numbers have doubled, and the 
number taking both Hebrew and 
Greek studies has increased almost 
threefold. 

The Southern Baptist, on the 
other hand, is much satisfied with 
its plan of making the course of 
study entirely elective, thus pro- 
viding for those who have not had 
a college training as well as for 
the more highly educated stu- 
dents. 

The Episcopal Seminary at Cam- 
bridge, Mass., makes a charge 
for tuition and requires a bache- 
lor's degree or what the semi- 
nary considers an equivalent. It 
represents itself as regarded with 
a good deal of distrust by many of 
the bishops, but has a full school 
in spite of hindrances. 



CHURCH ERECTION. 



AN IMPORTANT DECISION. 

It is well known that this Board, under 
the direction of the General Assembly, takes 
a mortgage upon the property of every 
church aided by its funds. In the case of 
grants the form of the mortgage is some- 
what peculiar, as it is not designed to bur- 
den the congregation, but simply to protect 
the interests of the Church at large in case 
the life of the congregation benefited should 
cease. Therefore the mortgage does not 
call for interest and does not in terms call 
for repayment of the money unless " the 
corporate existence of the said party of the 
first part (the church) slwll cease or the 
mortgaged premises be alienated or be 
abandoned as a house of worship." 

The validity of a mortgage in this form, 
and the right of the Board in the contin- 
gency mentioned to recover upon it, has 
never been seriously questioned until within 
a few months, and therefore now for the 
first time the question has been passed upon 
in the Supreme Court of a State. 

The importance of the decision to this 
Board and to others that hold similar mort- 
gages is such that, while it may not be of 
special interest to the ordinary reader, we 
think space may be properly taken to give 
the decision of the court in full. 

The court was the Supreme Court of the 
State of Washington and the occasion was 
as follows: 

This Board holds one of its usual mort- 
gages upon the property of the First Church 
of Seattle. Under the pressure of the 
financial crisis of the last few years this 
church incurred a serious indebtedness and 
a firm in Seattle obtained judgment against 
it. The Board, to protect both its own 
interests and those of the church, commenced 
a suit of foreclosure. The party holding 
the other claim, finding the Board's mort- 
gage standing in the way of his action, 
resisted the foreclosure upon the ground 
that such a mortgage as that held by the 
Board was invalid and could not be legally 
enforced. 

Strangely enough the Superior Court of 
the county sustained his plea and declared 
the Board' s mortgage to be invalid. 
220 



The Board appealed the case to the 
Supreme Court of the State and there, as 
will be seen by the decision, the Board was 
sustained at every point, and the decision 
of the lower court reversed. Moreover, this 
decision of the Supreme Court was practi- 
cally unanimous. One judge did not sit, 
but the remaining four constituting the court 
were in agreement. 

The decision which we now give will 
explain the points that were raised: 

The Board of Church Erec- 
tion Fund of the Gen- 
eral Assembly of the 
Presbyterian Church in 
the United States of 
America, a corporation, 
Appellant, 

No. 2910. 
he First Presbyterian \ Filed June 14> 

Church of Seattle, a / \%to% 

corporation, 

Defendant; 
Walter Morgan, doing bus- 
iness UNDER THE FIRM 
NAME AND STYLE OF WAL- 
TER Morgan & Company, 
Respondent. 

This action was brought to foreclose a mortgage on 
certain lots in the city of Seattle. The complaint 
alleges that the plaintiff was a corporation organized 
and existing under the laws of the State of New 
York ; that the defendant, the First Presbyterian 
Church, was a corporation organized and existing 
under the laws of the State of Washington ; that the 
defendant, Walter Morgan, was doing business as 
Walter Morgan & Co. ; that on May 12, 1893, the 
First Presbyterian Church of Seattle made and ex- 
ecuted, by proper authority of law, its mortgage on 
the said lots to the plaintiff to secure a loan of 
$2160, of a prior date ; that the mortgage, in ad- 
dition to the usual covenants, recited that in case 
the house of worship or the mortgaged premises 
should be alienated or abandoned as a house of 
worship by the party of the first part, except for 
the building or purchase of a better house of wor- 
ship, then and in such case the defendant church 
should forthwith refund the money with interest 
thereon from the time of receiving it ; that upon 
the happening of either auch contingencies, said 



1898.] 



AN IMPORTANT DECISION. 



221 



amount with interest should immediately be- 
come due and payable, with the other ordinary 
provisions with relation to the right of the mort- 
gagee to sell the property ; that the mortgage was 
duly recorded, that the First Presbyterian Church 
has failed to comply with the terms, conditions and 
agreements of said mortgage ; that on the 28th day 
of May, 1897, the sheriff of King county sold 
said property under an execution to defendant, 
Walter Morgan & Co., and said sale was confirmed 

by the court of King county, June , 1897, and 

by the said sale Walter Morgan & Co. claim to 
have an interest or title to the property ; that on 
June 14, 1897, by reason of said sale, the First 
Presbyterian Church was dispossessed of said 
premises by a writ of assistance issued out of said 
court on petition of Walter Morgan & Co., and en- 
forced by the sheriff of King county. The plain- 
tiff asked judgment against the First Presbyterian 
Church for the sum of $2100, with interest thereon 
at the legal rate ; for the foreclosure of the mort- 
gage, and for a receiver to care for and conserve the 
interests of the property. The First Presbyterian 
Church made default. Defendant Walter Morgan 
filed a general demurrer to the complaint, upon the 
ground that the same did not state facts sufficient 
to constitute a cause of action, and upon hearing 
the court sustained the same. The plaintiff stand- 
ing upon its complaint and refusing to plead fur- 
ther, a judgment of dismissal was in due time en- 
tered. From this judgment an appeal is taken to 
this court. A motion is made to dismiss this appeal, 
but we think it is without merit. 

It is contended by the respondent that the de- 
murrer was properly sustained for the reason, (1) 
that it appeared from the complaint that the cause 
of action — the consideration of the mortgage — 
was barred by the statute of limitation ; ( 2 ) that 
the mortgage was void because of its convenants 
being contrary to public policy and in restraint of 
alienation ; (3) because the time when the debt 
was supposed to become due was vague, uncertain 
and indefinite ; (4) because there had been no 
breach of the conditions and no right to foreclose 
appeared. There are many answers to the first con- 
tention, viz., that the debt, which had been con- 
tracted several years before the mortgage was given, 
was barred by the statute of limitation, but it is 
necessary to mention only two. In the first place, 
a pleading of the statute of limitation is a privilege 
which is accorded by the law to the defendant — in 
this case the Presbyterian Church — and it can avail 
itself of that privilege, or answer upon the merits, 
or default, just as it pleases. It is not a right 
which defendant Walter Morgan can receive the 
benefit of. Second, it was not pleaded iu the court 



below. The demurrer interposed was upon the 
ground and for the reason that the complaint did 
not state facts sullicient to constitute a cause of 
action. This is the sixth cause of demurrer which 
is specified by the statute. The seventh is that the 
action has not been commenced within the time 
limited by law. This objection may be taken by 
demurrer when it appears upon the face of the com- 
plaint. Otherwise it may be made by answer. 
But it is not comprehended within the sixth clause 
which provided for a demurrer when the complaint 
does not state facts sufficient to constitute a cause 
of action, and the question cannot be raised under 
the sixth objection any more than upon the other 
grounds for demurrer specified by the statute, viz. , 
that the court has no jurisdiction of the person of 
the defendant or of the subject matter of the action, 
or that the plaintiff has no legal capacity to sue, or 
that there is another action pending between the 
same parties, or that there is a defect of parties, 
plaintiff or defendant, or that several causes of 
action have been improperly united. When the 
attention of the courts is intended to be directed to 
any of these specified grounds for demurrer it must 
be directed as specified by statute. 

The next contention is that the covenants of the 
mortgage were contrary to public policy and also in 
restraint of alienation. We do not think there is 
any alienation in this mortgage at all ! It is true 
that where an estate is conveyed in fee simple a 
proviso that the grantee shall not convey, or shall 
not convey without the consent of the grantor, is 
held to be void as a restraint upon alienation, be- 
cause it is repugnant to the estate which has been 
created by the debt for the benefit of the grantee. 
But no estate was created by this mortgage. The 
title to the land, both legal and equitable, remained 
in the mortgagor. 

We have examined the cases cited by the re- 
spondent, upon which he so confidently relies, 
and we do not think they are in point at all. The 
principal case, and one in which the authorities are 
collated, is De Peyster v. Michael, 6 N. Y. a. of 
App., 467. In that case there was a lease of lands 
in fee, and in addition to the annual rent the lessor 
reserved to himself, his heirs and assigns, the 
right to purchase the premises in case the lessee, 
his heirs, etc., should choose to sell on paying three- 
quarters of the price demanded, the lessee cove- 
nanting to make the first offer to the lessor, his heirs, 
etc. , on those terms, but in case the offer should be 
declined, then the lessor reserved to himself, his 
heirs, etc., one- fourth part of all moneys which 
should arise from the selling, renting or disposing 
of the lands by the lessee, his heirs or assigns, 
when and as often as the same should be sold, 



222 



AN IMPORTANT DECISION. 



rented or disposed of; with the condition that in 
case of a sale or other transfer without the pay- 
ment of such one-fourth to the lessor, his heirs or 
assigns, the sale or transfer should be void, and 
the premises should revert to the lessor, his heirs 
and assigns, who might then reenter upon the 
premises and repossess and enjoy the same as of his 
former estate ; and it was held that a reservation 
of the quarter sales and the condition and right of 
reentry upon default of their payment were void. 
But the case and the arguments advanced and cases 
cited show conclusively that the doctrine contended 
for could not be applied to the conditions specified 
in this mortgage. The mortgagors are not pre- 
vented from selling this property. No restrictions 
are entailed upon it. But the effect of the stipula- 
tion or condition expressed simply is that if it is 
alienated or abandoned or not used for the purposes 
for which the money was loaned, the mortgage be- 
comes due ; and if a sale were made, it would 
simply be made subject to the mortgage. 

It is also contended that the mortgage is contrary 
to public policy, for the further reason that it pro- 
vided that the debt should become due if the 
church should cease to be connected with the Gen- 
eral Assembly ; that this is a restraint upon relig- 
ious belief, and a court of equity should not uphold 
such contract. We do not see any merit in this 
contention. There is no restraint here upon any 
one's religious belief. The Board of Church 
Erection has a right to invest its money for the pro- 
motion and benefit of the Presbyterian churches in 
the United States, if it sees fit so to do. Presuma- 
bly low rates of interest and liberal time are given 
by this association for the purpose of promoting 
the interests of the church, and favorable condi- 
tions are obtained which »couldn' t be obtained from 
any one else ; and there is nothing wrong or intol- 
erant or against public policy in sustaining condi- 
tions which would prevent their money from inur- 
ing to the benefit of secular business. If condi- 
tions like these cannot be enforced then church 
edifices, which the society has been instrumental in 
building, might be used for dance houses, theatres, 
drinking saloons, and for other businesses which 
are not only foreign to the object of the promoters, 
but in direct opposition to their principles. 

The third objection is that the mortgage was 
void because the time when the debt was to become 
due was vague, uncertain and indefinite. We think 
this is a provision of the mortgage which the mort- 
gagor cannot take advantage of. 

Jones on Chattel Mortgages, Sec. 1183, 1184, 
1185. 
Where the debt is made payable upon the hap- 



[Septeraber, 

pening of a contingency and no time for payment 
is mentioned in the mortgage, the mortgage is 
good. 

Fetrow v. Merri wether, 53 111., 275. 

State Bank v. Price, Hilton et al, 80 St., 
299. 

3 Pomeroy's Eq. Jurisprudence, Sec. 1188. 
It is in the fourth place contended by the re- 
spondent that no breach of the conditions of the 
mortgage has been shown, and that consequently a 
foreclosure could not be had. A number of author- 
ities are cited by both appellant and respondent, 
as to when the legal title passes and as to whether 
the legal title to land passes upon the sale or upon 
the confirmation of sale. It was said by this court 
in some of the cases cited, notably Hays v. Mer- 
chants National Bank, 10 Wash., 573, that the dis- 
cussion of the title proposition was a discussion of a 
theory and did not affect the practical questions in 
that case ; and so we think concerning that techni- 
cal question here. This mortgage provides that in 
case the mortgaged premises be alienated or be 
abandoned as a house of worship by the party .of 
the first part, except for the building or purchase 
of a better one, the mortgage shall become due, and 
that the mortgagee shall have power to foreclose 
the same. The complaint alleges that this property 
was sold under an execution issued out of a supe- 
rior court to the defendant, Walter Morgan, and 
that the sale was confirmed ; that Walter Morgan 
& Co. have closed the door of the church ; that the 
church has been dispossessed of said premises by a 
writ of assistance issued out of the court and that 
the said Walter Morgan was thereby put in pos- 
session of the premises. It seems to us that within 
the spirit of the contract this was an alienation. 
The church had refused or failed to pay its legal 
obligations ; the law in the enforcement of those 
obligations dispossessed it, and in legal contempla- 
tion and for the purpose of construing this mort- 
gage and giving effect to the intention and purposes 
of the mortgagor, the possession which was given 
to Morgan must be held to be a possession given by 
act of the mortgagee. We think that plainly 
there was a breach of the covenants of the mort- 
gage and that the Court erred in sustaining the de- 
murrer to the complaint. 

The judgment will be reversed. 

Dunbar, J. 
We concur : 

Scott, C. J. 

Gordon, J. 

Kecevis, J. 

(I did not sit in this case.) 
Anders, J. 



COLLEGES AND ACADEMIES. 



AN EXPERIENCE. 

From our Bellevue College in Nebraska 
comes a story that is peculiarly interesting 
and suggestive. 

" Many persons believe that the influence 
of teachers upon the morals of students is too 
highly rated by denominational colleges. 
We have had an experience. After long 
investigation last summer, we employed a 
professor who was highly recommended as 
a promising teacher, and who was a ' pro- 
fessing Christian. ' It soon became apparent 
that he had no sympathy for evangelical 
Christianity. Under the guise of ' broad 
thought' and 'seeing both sides,' he had 
soon presented Unitarian and skeptical views 
to students, and was giving strong advice 
that ' Harvard is the only place to get an 
education.' In two months nearly every 
student was dissatisfied, not merely with the 
college, but with himself, and religious 
interest was at the lowest point ever known 
in the college for eight years. 

" Meanwhile the erring teacher was 
treated in the most Christian way, was kindly 
urged to withdraw, because he was out of 
harmony with the objects and efforts of the 
college, and that the only honorable course 
for him was to resign. Being pressed to 
withdraw, he finally announced that he was 
an ' advanced Unitarian,' that ' to attend 
a Y. M. C. A. or a Y. P. S. meeting gives 
me the horrors,' that he belonged to the 
school of ' advanced thinkers,' who believe 
that in 325 A. D. Arius was right instead of 
Athanasius. 

" Now if one such teacher, in a school of 
positive Christian character, can create so 
much religious indifference, and bring doubts 
into the minds of the best young Christians, 
what must be the religious condition in 
universities where there are a number of 
such teachers ? A half dozen teachers of 
such tendencies may hold from and prejudice 
against religion every student not already a 
Christian, besides discouraging many a one 
who has already begun the better life. 

" This is not saying that a devoted 
Christian teacher may not exert a stronger 
influence than such a teacher as above 
described. It is simply saying that such a 



teacher does great harm, and places a bar- 
rier between those who are not Christians 
and those who would do them good. We 
have seen this with our own eyes. It is no 
longer a mere theory with us that very bane- 
ful moral influences must exist in an institu- 
tion where several of the teachers are not 
evangelical Christians. 

" We know more than we did, but still 
we are sorry we have had the experience. 
This teacher has gone from us and we hope 
all his influences have gone too. At any 
rate, there is a very greatly improved con- 
dition in the college, not merely religiously, 
but in every way. 

" The professor who takes the place of 
the teacher retired is a graduate of Parsons 
College, also of Princeton, and has spent 
two years in postgraduate and theological 
study. He now expects to make teaching 
his life-work. Very encouraging are all the 
comments upon the first few weeks of his 
work here. He will take an active part in 
the religious work of the college." 

The centre of gravity in this article is at 
the middle of it : 

' ' Nciv if one such teacher, in a school of 
positive Christian character, can create so 
much religious indifference, and bring doubt* 
into the minds of the best young Christians, 
what must be the religious condition in uni- 
versities where there are a number of such 
teachers." 

Picture a bright lad, brought up under 
the influence of a Christian family and 
church, going to the State university. 
For the first time he has entire freedom ; no 
restrictions except the requirement of 
attending college classes at given hours ; the 
rest of his time he is free, no one watching 
him or calling him to account. That is a 
heavy strain upon the moral fibre of an 
eager lad. 

One of his professors is a man of brilliant 
powers, captivating in conversation, appear- 
ing to the lad to know everything and to 
state his knowledge charmingly. This 
strong, bright man, who appears to our lad 
to have thought out all questions in view of 
the latest words of science, philosophy and 
human progress in every line, has only con- 
tempt for the Bible as the word of God and 

223 



224 



ANNOUN CEMENT THE MESSAGE OF THE CLOSING CENTURY. [September, 



for Christianity as the lad has been taught 
it. The boy is at the age when, as we are 
told by psychological investigators of young 
minds, youth are most interested in certain 
theological question?, especially in question- 
ing the foundations of the beliefs in which 
they have been brought up. Will not the 
brilliant and charming professor, capti- 
vating the lad's imagination, perhaps lead 
his mind also captive ? Will the religious 
faith, received as a matter of course with- 
out examining its philosophical foundations, 
be able to hold out against the admired pro- 
fessor's ridicule and arguments ? If our 
young friend, thanks to a sound character, 
good instruction and the mighty testimony 
borne to Christianity by the character of a 
good father or mother, still holds his faith 
in God, in the Bible, and in Christ, is not 
that faith likely to be thinned, chilled and 
devitalized by the unhappy influence of his 
instructor ? 

It is the fear of such results that leads 
many wise youths to prefer a Christian col- 
lege, even if it have not as many piofessors 
and students and books and telescopes and 
test tubes as the State university. It is the 



fear of such results that leads many an 
anxious parent to prefer the smaller but 
Christian college. It is the experience of 
such results that brings to this Board con- 
tinually strong letters from pastors and 
Christian parents urging us to build up 
Christian colleges, that their young people 
may be returned to them from the college 
course as consecrated and efficient in the 
service of Christ as when they went out 
from their homes. It is the observation of 
such results that leads our home missionaries 
in all the Western region provided with 
great State universities to give with such 
marked and touching liberality, from their 
small incomes, to support the Christian col- 
leges in their vicinities. 

If our good Presbyterians of the East 
could only know the facts, the offerings of 
churches, Sabbath-schools and Young Peo- 
ple's societies for the College Board would 
be wonderfully increased, and larger gifts 
from men and women who have money to 
give would pour into the Board's treasury 
to secure buildings and endowments for our 
Western schools and colleges. 



PUBLICATION AND SABBATH-SCHOOL WORK. 



ANNOUNCEMENT. 

The attention of all pastors, superinten- 
dents and Sabbath-school officers and teach- 
ers is called to the desirability of making 
early and careful preparation for Rallying 
Day, which falls this year on Sabbath, 
September 25. The Sabbath -school and 
Missionary Department has prepared as usual 
a Program or Order of Worship, com- 
prising hymns, Scripture reading and 
other suitable exercises, having in view 
especially the great enterprise now before our 
people, entitled The Twentieth-century 
Movement, upon which an article from 
the pen of Dr. E. T. Bromfield appears in 
the current number of this magazine. An 
illustrated eight-page circular, giving full 
information on the many phases of this 
Movement, with hints and suggestions as to 
the profitable observance of Rallying Day, 
should by this time have reached every 
superintendent. If not received, applica- 



tion should at once be made for it, and for 
a sample of the Program to the Rev. James 
A. Worden, D.D., Witherspoon Building, 
Philadelphia. Supplies of Programs and 
collection envelopes will be forwarded to 
our schools without charge. 



THE MESSAGE OF THE CLOSING 
CENTURY. 

Every year has its own special niche in 
the world's history and brings to every one 
of us its own special message. If we could 
stop and work over the half effaced lines of 
past years' messages, we should find food 
for reflection, possibly for self-reproach. 
To listen to the messages of the years as 
they come and to profit by them — taking 
up the duty of the present, shunning no 
true claim of God or man — is the part of 
wisdom. 

These closing years of the nineteenth cen- 
tury bring their special message to us all. 



Rallying Day 1898 

September 25'- 







B» r 



°^WW 



The ^1 



■.^? 



'* x U& r 



Twentieth Century 
Movement 



5F 









e^/z order of ^Worship by 
^famos (i/f.Z$$orden ^Z2Z? 

The Presbyterian Board of Publication and Sabbath School 
Work.Witherspoon Building, 1319 Walnut Street, Philadelphia 



Title Page of the Order of Worship issued by the Sabbath-school and Missionary Depart nent, 
for Rallying Day, 1898. 



226 



THE MESSAGE OF THE CLOSING CENTURY. 



[September, 



To those engaged in any form of Chris- 
tian service, as well as to idlers in Christ's 
vineyard, they speak of opportunities yet 
remaining in the century now drawing to 
its close which should be seized and turned 
to good account. 

There has always been in the human 
mind a tendency to mark times and seasons. 
The death of a century and the birth of a 
century are events which few of our race 
can witness more than once, and the major- 
ity not at all. Let us therefore mark care- 
fully the message of these closing years of 
the nineteenth century. 

IS THE SABBATH SCHOOL AT IT8 BE8T ? 

This is a question which this year is press- 
ing upon the thought of the Church. 

There comes to us through prophetic 
voices an appeal to make the Sabbath-schooi 
as an instrument for teaching divine truth 
far more effective than it has ever been — 
reaching more children and adults — win- 
ning more attention from young manhood 
and womanhood — concentrating itself more 
earnestly upon the one task of bringing 
Bible truths home to the memory and the 
heart and leading souls to the Saviour. 

Only one or two hours in the week are 
at the disposal of the Sabbath -school. To 
make the best of that short time is a task 
worthy of the ablest minds among us. 

WHAT RALLYING DAY SHOULD DO FOR 
THE SABBATH-SCHOOL. 

It should do what the cool north wind 
does for us in the months of summer — 
revive our energies and make life a joy and 
an inspiration. A good, breezy, soul- 
moving anniversary wakes up the faculties, 
clears away mists, starts the wheels of life 
afresh. 

We of the Indo-Germanic race — the 
Anglo-Saxon, the German, the Swede, and 
others — are prone to take life too much as 
a matter of routine, shrinking from 
anything that turns us out of our ordinary 
course. Other races go to an opposite 
extreme and are too mercurial. We may 
learn from each other and each become 
wiser. 

It is quite possible to have too many red- 
letter days in a Sabbath -school, but no 
school should have less than two, and Rally- 
ing Day should certainly be one of the two. 
There may be minor anniversaries or 



marked days in the course of the year, 
when particular reference should be made 
in the order of service to particular events. 
Christmas and Easter day, for instance, 
should have special commemoration. But 
the great Sabbath-school celebrations of the 
year undoubtedly should be Children's 
Day early in June and Rallying Day late in 
September. 

THE SPECIAL WORK OF RALLYING 
DAY IN 1898. 

One thought will be uppermost in the 
mind of every Sabbath- school worker of 
our Church in connection with Rallying 
Day in the present year — how to make it a 
means of promoting the Twentieth- century 
Movement. 

It is not unreasonable to expect that with 
a united effort Presbyterian Sabbath -schools 
may have a membership of a million and a 
half in 190i. Every school, large and 
small, will have the subject fairly brought 
to its attention during the intervening 
period. Many of them are already engaged 
in an earnest canvass to bring in more than 
their quota. Schools which do not join in 
the Movement — should there be any such — 
will under the circumstances incur a very 
serious responsibility. 



Dr. C. Humble writes of successes in Tennessee. 
" At Vardy twenty or more conversions have come 
out of Bible teachers' work and the good work of 
' hand-picking ' goes on. Not being ready for a 
church organization, the converts go into the Bap- 
tist church ; but they want us to organize." 



Mr. W. F. Grundy, laboring in Ozark Presbytery, 
writes : ' ' Spent some time holding meetings at Big 
Creek, and as a result a number are asking for the 
organization of a Presbyterian church. These per- 
sons are spiritual and intelligent and some of the 
best people in the neighborhood." 



The boxes and barrels of clothing sent by gener- 
ous friends in the North to our Southern fields of 
labor enabled many a little Sabbath -school to keep 
open all the winter. But for this timely aid the 
children could not have attended. 



Missionary J. G. Harris, in southern Virginia, in 
reviewing his work of the past year writes : ' ' The 
outlook is that the work has been planted to live, 
notwithstanding hindrances." 



MINISTERIAL RELIEF. 



CLOSELY RELATED TO GOD. 

The Parish Register tells a sweet little 
story of how a boy had his prayer answered, 
and of the impression produced upon his 
young heart by the peculiar answer. 

The writer says, ' ■ The following touch- 
ing incident, which drew tears from my 
eyes, was related to me a short time since, 
by a dear friend who had it from an eye- 
witness of the same. It occurred in the 
great city of New York, on one of the 
coldest days in February. 

" A little boy about ten years old was 
standing before a shoe- store on Broadway, 
barefooted, peering through the window, 
and shivering with cold. 

1 ' A lady riding up the street in a beauti- 
ful carriage, drawn by horses finely capari- 
soned, observed the little fellow in his 
forlorn condition, and immediately ordered 
the driver to draw up and stop in front of 
the store. The lady, richly dressed in silk, 
alighted from the carriage, went quickly to 
the boy, and said: ' My little fellow, why 
are vou looking so earnestly in that win- 
dow?' 

11 ' I was asking God to give me a pair 
of shoes,' was the reply. The lady took 
him by the hand and went into the store, 
and asked the proprietor if he would allow 
one of his clerks to go and buy half a dozen 
pairs of stockings for the boy. He readily 
assented. She then asked him if he could 
give her a basin of water and a towel, and 
he replied: 'Certainly,' and quickly 
brought them to her. 

"She took the little fellow to the back 
part of the store, and, removing her gloves, 
knelt down, washed those little feet and 
dried them with the towel. 

" By this time the young man had 
returned with the stockings. Placing a pair 
upon his feet, she purchased and gave him 
a pair of shoes, and tying up the remaining 
pairs of stockings, gave them to him, and 
patting him on the head, said : ' I hope, 
my little fellow, that you now feel more 
comfortable.' 



" As she turned to go, the astonished lad 
caught her hand, and, looking up in her 
face, with tears in his eyes, answered her 
question with these words: ' Are you God's 
wife?'" 

This little story of this poor, penniless, 
ignorant boy will doubtless awaken many 
thoughts in the minds of those who read it, 
such as, How could a boy grow up to his age 
in a great city and be so profoundly igno- 
rant ? and what a kind and condescending 
act it was in a wealthy lady thus to notice 
and relieve this little sufferer; and how easy 
it is to do a kind and charitable act when 
one is so minded ; but the thought that most 
interests me, is that down deep in the 
heart of that poor street urchin was the 
feeling that any well-dressed lady who 
would do so kind an act as she had done 
must somehow and in some way be closely 
related to God. 

When we truly love our God, he always 
has plenty of work for us all to do, and he 
gives us great pleasure in doing his work, 
and his workers silently and irresistibly 
impress others, who witness their beautiful 
deeds of Christian charity, that God's will- 
ing workers stand closely related to him for 
whom they work. When by the trans- 
forming power of the divine Spirit we 
become the sons and daughters of the Lord 
Almighty, and we learn to live near to him 
and enjoy his sweet fellowship, our wills 
become more and more subordinated to his 
will, and our highest happiness and our 
holiest joy are to do what he commands. 

It may be laid down as a proposition 
which cannot be gainsaid, that if we live 
near to God we cannot see his people suffer 
and not fly to their relief, and nothing 
more certainly manifests the true disposi- 
tion of a child of God than a willingness 
on our part to relieve the necessities of 
God's suffering saints. God permits his 
saints to suffer sometimes for their own 
good, sometimes for the good of others, 
sometimes to promote his own glory, and 
sometimes to test his people whom he has 
entrusted with means to see what use they 

227 



228 



THE GKAND WORK TO BE DONE. 



[September, 



will make of their stewardship. Are we all 
using our money in such a manner that we 
will not be afraid when the Master comes 
to render an account of our steward- 
ship ? 

When we remember that we have been 
led to Christ by ministers of religion whom 
God has been graciously pleased to honor 
in their holy work, and when we remember 
that they have been the means of leading 
us nearer and still nearer to Christ as the 
days have been going by, do we not feel 
that if there is anything we can do to 
make their old days comfortable, we ought 
gladly do it, both for their sakes and for 
the sake of our Merciful Master ? 



SESSIONS. 



THE GRAND WORK TO BE DONE. 

Never forget that the payments of the 
Board of Relief to those under its care are 
increasing at the rate of about $6000 a 
year! The contributions to this Board 
must therefore steadily increase from year to 
year at this rate. This will require con- 
stant vigilance and unceasing effort, or the 
Board will be compelled to grant smaller 
and still smaller appropriations than it has 
been doing in past years. Those who know 
the intense sufferings of our aged ministers 
and their dependent ones cannot tolerate the 
thought of reducing the small annuities now 
granted. 

Presbyteries are often disappointed when 
the Board does not grant the full amount 
which they recommend for the particular 
individuals under their care, but when the 
Board considers the many applications made 
to it for aid the most needy cases must be 
granted the largest amounts, and a fair, 
proportionate distribution is made by the 
Board to all the cases presented by all the 
presbyteries. The fact that the Board 
cannot give to all applicants for aid as 
much as the presbyteries recommend, ought 
to induce all the presbyteries to take active 
measures to secure a collection from every 
church, rich or poor, for this most hallowed 
cause. 



If the sessions of all our churches would 
do what the General Assembly has so earn- 
estly enjoined, namely, appoint a committee 
consisting of representatives of every 
organization in each church to take charge 
of this sacred cause, these committees would 
find a time, and place, and way to secure a 
collection in every church. 

PASTORS. 

Pastors, please, do not grow weary in pre- 
senting this cause. Who will care for your 
co -laborers in the most holy work on earth, 
when they are broken down, if you neglect 
them ? You have more power in your 
hands than, perhaps, you think over the 
people to whom you minister. If they see 
you filled with soul -earnestness in this 
righteous and benevolent cause, they will 
conclude that they ought to take the matter 
to heart and place it in the power of the 
Board to do more liberal things for your 
suffering brethren and their dependent 
households. 

SELF-DENIAL DAY. 

The 21st of October is the anniversary of 
the incorporation of the Board of Relief. 
September is the month assigned by the Gen- 
eral Assembly as the special month in which 
a collection is to be taken for disabled min- 
isters and others under the care of the 
Board. Very few churches take collec- 
tions for the Board in September. If 
all our people could be induced to ob- 
serve the 21st of October as a day of self- 
denial and consecrate the savings of that 
one day to this sacred cause, the Board 
would have money in abundance to relieve 
all our suffering families. How little, oh, 
how little, it is to ask of the members of our 
churches to deny themselves just one day in 
the year to enable them to make ample 
provision for all our wards, when these 
people have given their lives to the Church 
we love and in their old days are compelled 
to deny themselves every day the whole 
year through! 



Let pastors fully inform the people each year of the imperative necessity of increasingly larger collec- 
tions, in order that our great Church may do what is honorable and magnanimous to our aged and 
honored ministers and their needy households. This sacred cause appeals to every sense of compassion 
and honor and justice. — Annual Report. 



FREEDMEN. 



ITEMS. 

Kev. George B. Crawford and wife have resigned 
their places as president and principal of Barber 
Memorial Seminary, Anniston, Ala., on account of 
the ill health of Mrs. Crawford. The Board re- 
grets losing the services of two such faithful and 
conscientious workers. 



Rev. Samuel Miller Divis, D.D., and wife have 
been chosen by the Board as president and princi- 
pal of Barber Memorial Seminary, to fill the va- 
cancy made by the resignation of Mr. and Mrs. 
George B. Crawford. Dr. Davis has had consider- 
able experience in teaching and Mrs. Davis is well 
known throughout the Church for her missionary 
zeal and kindly feeling for the colored people of 
the South. Under their combined influence, to- 
gether with the admirable appointments of the 
school, Barber Memorial ought to be and will be 
among the best educational institutions under the 
care of the Freedmen's Board in the South. 



Rev. H. L. McCrorey, a graduate of Biddle 
University both in the Collegiate and Theological 
departments and for some time a teacher in the 
Preparatory School, as well as pastor of the Biddle- 
ville church, has been appointed principal of the 
Normal and Preparatory department of the Uni- 
versity in the place of Rev. W. F. Brooks, D.D , 
deceased. Prof. McCrorey owes much to the in- 
stitution in which he received his entire educa- 
tion and will no doubt fiad special gratification in 
discharging these obligations in the way of faith- 
fully and conscientiously filling the important 
position in the University to which he has been so 
recently chosen. 

Rev. W. B. Middleton, pastor of the Mt. Pleas- 
ant Colored Presbyterian Church, Charleston, S. C, 
died on Wednesday, July the 13th. Mr. Middle- 
ton was a young man of promise and had but be- 
gun his career of usefulness. Brethren of the 
presbytery will supply his church without compen- 
sation for the next two months, that the monthly 
remittances from the Board of Freedmen may go to 
the widow. 



GETTING RID OF THE LOAD. 

So long as the work of the Freed men's 
Board is hindered by its large and embar- 
rassing debt of $58,000, so long must the 
work stay within the limits of its present 
proportions. 

Its extent has been gradually reduced 
for several years until it is now just 
about within the limit of last year's 
income. 

This has been done by sacrifice of many 
schools and by discouraging the organization 
of new churches. Life and growth go 
together. If we repress growth, we can- 
not long keep life. The work must go 
forward. It can stand still a little while. 
It cannot stand still long. It has stood still 
about as long as it can. It must now go 
forward or backward. We propose that it 
go forward. It can only go forward after 
it gets rid of its load, and we propose this 
year to get rid of the load. 

The plan of reaching and overtaking this 
debt is for each presbytery to strive through 
its Committee on Freedmen to bring up the 
total amount of its gifts this year to a sum 
that will be equivalent to an advance of 
seven cents per member over the amount 
given last year. 

The figures given to each presbytery are 
merely suggestive. They fix a point toward 
which the presbytery should work, and the 
responses already received from the chair- 
men of the Presbyterial Committees on 
Freedmen indicate that these chairmen are 
a body of men loyal to their Church and 
deeply interested in the success of the 
Freedmen's cause. 

An advance in the contributions from the 
churches, the Sunday-schools, the Young 
People's societies and the Women's socie- 
ties that will amount in its sum total to 
seven cents per member increase over last 
year's gifts will easily wipe out the whole 
debt of the Freedmen's Board and let it 
start the coming year with a clean sheet and 
with a general order of " Forward all 
along the line." 

229 



230 



LOOKS EASY — BLACK MAN'S PLEA SYNODICAL CONTRIBUTIONS. [September, 



LOOKS EASY. 

The General Assembly expressed its opin- 
ion in the form of a resolution that twenty- 
cents a member from the whole Church was 
not any too much to be given this year to 
the work among the Freedmen. 

Some presbyteries give more than this on 
the average, but the most of them give 
considerably less. It would be morally 
impossible to obtain this average in all the 
presbyteries. A better way of reaching 
practically the same results is to ask a 
seven-cents-per-member increase all along 
the line. There are few individuals in the 
Presbyterian Church who, if approached 
personally, would not be willing to give 
seven cents more this year to the Freed - 
man's cause than they gave last year. 

To the inquiry of a friend as to the 
reasonablness of asking seven cents more 
from each individual, the reply came 
instantly, " Certainly, that's reasonable. 
No one ought to object to that. Here's my 
seven cents now. ' ' 

The thing itself is easy. The difficulty 
lies in making the collection. The churches 
themselves must undertake the task, each 
church for itself. The people themselves 
would be perceptibly none the poorer. The 
debt would be paid and the good work saved 
from the embarrassment of a load almost 
too heavy to bear. 



I find that when persons have not been 
trained to adhere rigidly to any line of con- 
duct or work, or, in colloquial terms, to 
" toe the mark " in early life, they seldom 
possess an exalted idea of anything. 

I often find it difficult to dislodge the 
idea that manual labor is a disgrace, and 
that any means by which it may be avoided 
is legitimate. 

There was a time when I despised work, 
and I believe the only reason I love to work 
to-day is, that my parents held me unre- 
lentingly to it for sixteen years, till I was 
given such an impetus and momentum as I 
believe will last me all my life, for which I 
shall